United States. Light-House Board.

Annual report of the Light-House Board of the United States to the Secretary of the Treasury for the fiscal year ended .. online

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Annual Report of the Light-House
Board of the United States tothe...



United States Light-House Board



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l^arbarb College Itbrarg

FROM THB

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT



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ANNUAL REPORT KFA63



\

OF THE



LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD



FOR THE



FISCAL YEATl ENDED JUNE -30, 190L



WASIlINCrrON:

GOVERNMENT I'HINTiNfJ OFFICE.

lyoi.



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ANNUAL REPORT



OP THE



LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD



FOB THE



FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, I90I.



WASHINGTON:

GOVBBNMBNT , PRINTING OFFICE.
1901.



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1 • ■« ■ -^ 1

\



Treasury Department,

Document No. 2228^

Office of Light-House Board.



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ILLUSTEATIOJSrS.



PLATES.

Face page.

Blower siren at the li^ht-house exhibit, Pan-American Exposition 42

Hamilton-Foster f o^-signal at the light-house exhibit, Pan-American Exposition . 42

Topophone at the light-house exhibit, Pan-American Exposition 42

View of the whole hght-house Exhibit at the Pan-American Exposition 42

Port San Juan lightrhouse, Porto Rico 80

Gape San Juan light-house, Porto Rico 80

Pomt Tuna light-nouse, Porto Rico 80

Muertos Island light-house, Porto Rico 80

Mona Island light-house, Porto Rico 80

Columbia River light- vessel No. 50, ashore near McKenzie Head, Wash 212

Columbia River light-vessel No. 50, moving overland to Baker Bay, Wash 212

CHARTS.

Outline chart showing all light-house districts A

First hght-house district 1

Second light-house district 2

Third light-house district, coast 3

Tliird light-house district, lake A3

Fourth Dght-house district 4

Fifth lijght-house district 5

Sixth light-house district 6

Seventh light-house district 7

Eighth light-house district 8

Ninth lignt-house district 9

Tenth light-house district 10

Eleventh light-house district 11

Twelfth light-house district 12

Thirteenth lij^ht-house district 13

Fourteenth light-house district 14

Fifteenth light-house district 15

Sixteenth lieht-house district 16

Hawaiian Islands and Porto Rico 17

8



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/-,



LIGHT-HOUSE BOAED OF THE UNITED

STATES.

Organised In eonformlty to the set of Congrress approved Angast 81, 1862.



LIST OF MEMBERS ON JUNE 30, 1901.

Hon. Lyman J. Gaob, Secretary of the Treasury, ex officio President.
Rear- Admiral Norman H. Farquhab, United States Navy, Chairman.
Col. Walter S. Franklin.

Col. Alexander Mackenzie, Corps of Engineers, United States Armv.
Brig. Gen. George L. Gillespie, Chief of Engineers, United States Army.
Dr. Henry S. Pritchbtt, Institute of Technology.
Capt. Benjamin P. Lamberton, United States Navy.
Cai>t. Washburn Maynard, United States Navy, Naval Secretary.
Maj. Daniel W. Lockwood, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, Engineer
Secretary.

EXECUTIVE MEMBERS OF THE BOARD.

Rear- Admiral Norman H. Farquhar, United States Navy.
Capt. Washburn Maynard, United States Navy.
Maj. Daniel W. Lockwood, United States Army.

OFFICERS IN CHARGE OF LIGHT-HOUSE DISTRICTS ON JUNE 30, 1901.

First District.

Ingpector, — Commander Arthur P. Nazro, United States Navy, Portland, Me.
Engirieer. — Lieut. Col. William S. Stanton, Corps of Engineers, United States
Army, Boston, Mass.

Second District.

Inapedcr, — Commander Arthur P. Nazro, United States Navy, Boston, Mass.
Engineer, — ^Lieut Col. William S. Stanton, Corps of Engineers, United States
Army, Boston, Mass.

Third District.

Inspector. — Capt. William M. Folger, United States Navy, Tompkinsville, N. Y.
Engineer. — Lieut. Col. D. P. Heap, Corps of Engineers, United States Anny, Tomp-
kinsville, N. Y.

Fourth District.

ImtpectoT, — Commander John Hubbard, United States Navy, Philadelphia, Pa.
Engineer, — Lieut. Col. William A. Jones, Corps of Engineers, United States Army,
Philadelphia, Pa.

Fifth District.

impector.— Commander Albert Ross, United States Navy, Baltimore, Md.
Engineer, — Lieut. Col. William A. Jones, Corps of Engineers, United States Army,
Baltamore, Md.

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6 REPORT OF THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD. 1901.

Sixth District.

JtMpec^or.— Commander John A. Rodoees, United States Navy, Charleston, S. C.
ton,

Sevexth - District.



JBnoineer.— Capt. J. C. Sanford, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, Charles-
a, S. C.



Inspector. — Commander Frederic Sinoer, United States Navv, Key West, Fla.
Bnoineer. — Lieut. Col. A. N. Damrell, Corps of Engineers, United States Army,
Mobile, Ala.

Eighth District.

Inspector. — Commander Kossuth Niles, United States Navy, New Orleans, La.
Engineer. — Lieut. Col. A. N. Damrell, Corps of Engineere, United States Army,
Mobile, Ala.

Ninth District.

Inspector. — Commander F. M. S\mond8, United States Navy, Chicago, 111.
Engineer. — Maj. James G. Warren, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, Mil-
waukee, Wis.

Tenth District.

Inspector. — Commander A. Dunlap, United States Navy, Buffalo, N.Y.
Engineer. — Maj. T. W. Symons, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, Buffalo,

Eleventh District.

Inspector. — Commander J. C. Wilson, United States Navy, Detroit, Mich.
Eng'iru'er.—Liewi. Col. Thomas H. Handbury, Corps of Engineers, Unit^l States
Army, Detroit, Mich.

Twelfth District.

j7wp«-<or.— Commander Uriel Sebree, United States Nav\', San Francisco, Cal.
Engineer.— lA&xt. Col. Charles E. L. B. Davis, Corps of Engineers, United States
Army, San Francisco, Cal.

Thirteenth District.

/rw/>€c/or.— Commander William P. Day, United States Navy, Portland, Oreg.
Engineer.— CdL^X. William C. Langfitt, Corps of Engineers, United States Army,
Portland, Greg.

Fourteenth District.

Jtwpector.— Commander William II. Turner, United States Navy, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Engineer.— M2l\. William H. Bixby, Corps of Engineers, United States Army,
Cincinnati, Ohio.

Fifteenth District.

Jrwp^c/c/r.— Commander Uriah R. Harris, United States Navv, St. Louis, Mo.
Engineer.— Co\. Amos Stickney, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, St,
Louis, Mo.

Sixteenth District.

Inspector.— lAQMt. Commander A. C. Dillingham, United States Navy, Memphis,
Tenn.

Engineer.— Qsi^t, C. L. Potter, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, Memphis,
Tenn.



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1901. SEPORT OF THE LJGHT-H0U8E BOARD. 7

CHANGES IN PERSONNEL.

The following changes have taken place in the personnel of the Light-House Board
since the date of the last annual report:

1. On April 30, 1901, Rear- Admiral Fhancis J. Higginson, United States Navy, was
relieved from duty as chairman, and was succeeded on May 2, 1901, by Rear-Aamiral
NoBMAN H. Farquhar, United States Navy.

2. On March 9, 1901, Capt. Thos. Perry, United States Navy, was succeeded by
Capt. Washburn Maynard, United States Navy.

3. On June 4, 1901, Maj. Richard L. Hoxik, CJorps of Engineers, United States
Army, was succeeded by Maj. Daniel W. Lock wood. Corps of Engineers, United
States Army.

The following-named changes have taken place in the personnel of the district
officers during the fiscal year:

First District,

Injector. — Commander James K. Cogswell, United States Navy, to March 1, 1901;
Commander N. J. K. Patch, United States Navy, to June 1,1901; Commander
Abthur p. Nazro, United States Navy, from June 1, 1901.

Second District.

Inspector. — Capt. Washburn Maynard, United States Navy, to October 1, 1900;
Commander Arthur P. Nazro, United IStates Navy, from October 1, 1900.

Third District.

IntpedoT. — Capt. (now Rear-Admiral) E. M. Shepard, United States Navy, to May
16, 1901; Capt. William M. Folger, United States Navy, from May 15, 1901.

Fourth District.

Inspector. — Commander Adolph Marix, United States Navy, to March 1, 1901;
Lieut. Commander (now Commander) John Hubbard, United States Navv, from
March 1, 1901.

Eighth District.

Inspector. — Commander J. R. Selfridge, United States Navy, to March 1, 1901;
Lieut Commander A. C. Dillingham, United States Navy, to April 17, 1901; Com-
mander Kossuth Niles, United States Navy, from April 17, 1901.

Tenth District.

Inspector. — Commander Franklin Han ford, United States Navy, to October 22,
1900; Commander^A. Dunlap, United States Navy, from October 22, 1900.

Fourteenth District,

Inspector.— Comm&ndeT C. T. Forse, United States Navy, to July 2, 1900; Com-
mander W. H. Turner, United States Navy, from July 2, 1900.

Sixteenth District.

Inspector.— hieut. Commander James M. Helm, United States Navy, to September
30, 1900; Lieut. Commander A. C. Dillingham, United States Navy, from Septem-
ber 30, 1900.



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REPORT



THE UNITED STATES LIGHTHOUSE BOARD.



Treasury Department,
Office of the Light-House Board,

Wcislmigtoii^ D, (7., Septeniber 6^ 1901.
Sir: The Light-House Board has the honor to submit the following
report for the fiscal year which ended on June 30, 1901:

At the close of the j^ear there were under the control of the Light
House Establishment the following-named aids to navigation:

Light-houses and beacon lights 1 , 306

Light-vessels in position 45

Light- vessels for relief 8

Electric-lighted buoys in position 11

Gas-lighted buoys in position 91

Fog signals operated by steam, caloric, or oil engines 179

Fog signals operated by clockwork 222

Poet lights 1,827

Day orunlighted beacons 752

Whistling buoys in position 77

Bell buoys in position 122

Other buoys in position, including pile buoys and stakes in Fifth district and

buoys in Alaskan waters ". 4,780

In the construction, care, and maintenance of these aids to navigation
there were employed —

Steam tenders 34

Steam launches 11

Sailing tenders 2

Li^ht-keepers 1,420

Other employees, including crews of light-ships and tenders 1, 428

Laborers m charge of post lights 1,574

NEW LIGHTS,

The following-named lights were established during the fiscal year:
Trinity Biver heacon lights Galveston Bay^ Teooaa. — A post-lantern

light July 1, 1900.
AUouez Bay post light ^ No. i, Allouez Bay Channel^ Wisconsin. — A

post-lantern light July 16, 1900.
Superior Harbor Sa^inpost lights No. Sy 8upe7'ior Ba/y^ Wisconsin. —

A post-lantern light July 16, 1900.
Superior Front Channel post ligkt^ No. 4, Superior Bo/y, Wisconsin. —

A post-lantern light July 16, 1900.

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10 REPORT OF THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD. 1901.

Superior Front Channd post lights No. 6y Superior Bay ^ Wiscojisin. —
A post-lantern light July 16, 1900.

Superior Front Channd post lights No, 1^ Superior Bay ^ Wisconsin. —
Apost-lantern light July i6, 1900.

Bice Point Channel post lights Xo. 3^ Superior Bay^ Minnesota, — A
post-lantern light July i6, 1900.

Bice Point Channel Bange Front post lights No, 5, Superior Bay^
Minnesota, — A post-lantern light July 16, 1900.

Bice Point Channel Uange Bear post light ^ Superior Bay^ MinneJiota, —
A post-lantern light Julv 16, 1900.

Fast Gate Basin post lights JV7>. 7, Superior Bay^ Minnesota, — A post-
lantern light July i6, 1900.

Brant Point beacon liqht^ Nantucket Harbor^ Massachusetts, — A lens-
lantern light July 28, 1900.

Long Point beacon light ^ Lake Borgne^ Louisiana, — A lens-lantern light
August 10, 1900.

Bayou Bonfuca beacon lights Lake Pontchartrain^ Louisiana, — A lens-
lantern light August 10, 1900.

Bayou Lacotrwe beacon light. Lake Pontchxirtrain^ Louisiana, — A lens-
lantern light August 10, 1900.

Non/iiaesset Point Shoal gas buoy,, Vineyard Sound. Massax^hnsetts. — A
lens-lantern light August 15, 1900.

Salein Creek light-station^ Delaware Biver,^ Neic Jersey. — A post-lantern
light Aupst 15, 1900.

Brush Point bea<;onUght,, St, Marys Biver^ Michigan, — A post-lantern
light August 20, 1900.

Portage Biver Pierlvead light'Statim\„ Keweenaw Bay,, Michigan, —
A lens-lantern light August 30, 1900.

Portage Bange front light,, Portage Bivcr^ Michigan. — A fifth-order
light August 30, 1900.

Cole Creek beacofi light,, Portaqe Bicer^ Michigan, — A lens-lantern
light August 30,1900.

Ha/n^ington island beacon light,, Portage Birer^ Michigan, — A lens-
lantern light August 30,' 1900.

High Point beacon light,, Portage Birtfr,, Michigan, — A lens-lantern
light August 30, 1900.

Malietoa Shoal gas buoy. Lake Michigan,^ Michigan, — A lens-lantern
light September 4, 1900.

Bull Bay light-station,^ seacoast of South Carolina. — A fourth-grder
light September S, 1900.

Ma/re island Strait Shoal beactm lights San Pablo Bay. California, —
A post-lantern light September 22, 1900.

Bayou Tech^^ beacon light,, Atchafalaya Biver,, Louisiana, — A post-
lantern light October 3, 1900.

Bacine Breahratrr beacon light., Lake Michigan^ Wi-sconsin, — A post-
lantern light October 13, 1900.

Tail of tlve Horseshoe light-ressel. Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, — Two
lens-lantern lights October 15, 1900.

Sheboyga7i Breaku:ater beacon light. Lake 3fichi(/an, Wiscfmsin, — A
lens-lantern light October 24, 1900.

Ke7\osha Breakwater bed c<m light. Lake Michigan^ Wisctmsin, — A lens-
lantern light October 26,1900.

Jehyl Island Jetty beacon lights Brunswick Bivt-r, Georgia, — A post-
' lantern light November 5, 1900.



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1901. REPORT OF THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD. 11

Point Montara light-station^ aeacoast of California, — A lens-lantern
light November 26, 1900.

Lime Point light- station,^ San Francisco Bay^ California, — A lens-
lantern light November 26, 1900.

Angel Island light-station,, San Francisco Bay^ Calif omia, — A lens-
lantern light November 26, 1900.

Pineu Point post light,, No, 36,, St, Johns River,, Florida, — A post-
iantern li^ht December 1^ 1900.

Mandarin Point post lights No, 29,, St. Johns JSiver^ Florida, — A post-
lantern light December 1, 1900.

Shark Shoal beacon light,, Bmufon't Harbor^ North Carolina, — A post-
lantern light December 15, 1900.

Reids Creek beacon lights Beaufort Harbor,, North Carolina, — A post-
lantern light December 15, 1900.

Lewis Thtrofare beacon light,, Beaufort Harbor^ North CaroUna, — A
post-lantern light December 15, 1900.

East Marsh Islandbeacon light,. No, ^, AshJ-ey River,, South Carolina, —
A post-lantern light Decembei; 21, 1900.

Sisters Rocks beacon lights No, 6,, Ashley River, Smith Carolina, — ^A

post-lantern light December 21, 1900.
West Marsh Isl<indl)eacon light,. No, 6„ Ashley River,, South Carolina, —
A post-lantern li^ht December 21, 1900.

Bull beacon lights ^o, i, Ashley River,, South Carolina, — A post-
lantern light December 21, 1900.

Cowhead Shoal range beacon light i<s Ashley River, South Carolina, —
Two post-lantern lights December 21, 1900.

Caucus Cut ra/nge beacon lights, Pe^isacola Bay, Florida, — Two lens-
lantern lights December 22, 1900.

Mile Point Cut range post lights^ St, Johns River, Florida, — Two post-
lantern lights January 1, 1901.

Patchx)gue Breakwater beacon light, Grtot South Bay, New York, —
A post-lantern light January 10, 1901.

Samta Rosa Sound range beacon lights^ C ^hoctawlvatchee Bay, Flo^rida, —
Two lens-lantern lights January 10, 1901.

Deer Point beacon light, Santa Rona Sounds Floiida, — A lens-lantern
light January 15, 1901.

Middle bea^con light,, Pensacola East Bay. Florida, — A lens-lantem
li^ht January J5, 1901.

Biloxi Harbor Beacons A, B, C, and D, Mississipjyi, — Four post-
lantern lights January 26, 1901.
West Bank liaht-station. New York Lou\r Bay, Neic York, — A fourth-
order light January 31, 1901.

Cedar Creik Cut post tight. No, 2 1-2, St, Johns River, Florida,—
A post-lantern li^ht February 5, 1901.

Dancey Point range front post light. No. Jf7 1-2^ St, Johns River, Flor-
ida, — A post-lantern light February 5, 1901.

St, Andrews Bay rangebeacon lights, Floinda, — Two lens-lantern lights
February 8, 1901.

St, Andrews Bar ranqe beacon lights, Florida,, — Two lens-lantern lights
February 8, 1901.

Northwest Bar beacon lights entrance to Key West Harbour Florida. —
A lens-lantern light February 15, 1901.

Point A7*guello light-station, seacoast of California, — A fourth-order
light February 22, 1901.



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12 REPORT OF THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD. 1901.

Point Plndos beacon lights Tampa Bay^ Florida, — A lens-lantern light
February 25, 1901.

Point Edith heacon lights Suisun Bay^ Calif omia, — A lens-lantern
light March 4, 1901.

MiddU Point beacon lights Suisun Bay^ California, — A lens-lantern
light March 4, 190i.

Stake P}int beacon lights Suisun Bay^ Calif omia. — A lens-lantern light
March 4, 1901.

Terro/ceia Point beoAion lights No. -?, Tampa Bay^ Florida. — A lens-
lantern light March 4, 1901.

Mosquito Bank beacon lights Hawk Channel^ Florida. — A lens-lantern
light March 5, 1901.

Bowles Bank beacon lights Hawk Channel^ Florida. — A lens-lantern
light March 6, 1901.

Cape Floi'ida Shoal beacon lights Hawk Chamxdy Florida. — A lens-
lantern light March 7, 1901.

Stame Mill lower ram,ge rear light., Coos Bay., Oregon. — A post-lantern
light March 27, 1901.

Stave Mill upper range rear light., Coos Bay., Oregon. — A post-lantern
light March 27, 1901.

Ma/rsKfitld range lights^ Coos Bay., Oregmi. — Two post-lantern lights
March 27, 1901.

Seventeen- Foot Knoll aas buoy., Delaware River., New Jersey. — A lens-
lantern light April 1, 1901.

Deadinans Island breakwater beacon lights entrance to San Pedro Har-
bor^ Califomia. — A lens-lantern light April 11, 1901.

Son Pedro tlarbor beacon light.. No. Z^ California. — A post-lantern
light April 11, 1901.

Nantucket breakwater lights^ Nantucket Sound., Massachusetts. — Two
lens-lantern lights April 20, 1901.

Bains Pock gas ^uoy No. 18 ^ St. Marys River., Michigan. — A lens-
lantern light April 26, 1901.

Middle Shoal gas ouoy^ Lake Michiga/n., Michigan. — A lens-lantern
light April 26, 1901. -

Graveyard Rea^h post light., James River., Virginia. — A post-lantern
liffht May 1 1901.

Kingstand Oreefc post lights Jarnes River ^ Virginia. — A post-lantern
light May 1, 1901.

Toledo Harbor Uaht-station., Lake Eris., Ohio. — ^Temporary post-
lantern light May 4, 1901.

Movltrieinlle beacon light., Charleston Ha/rbor^ South Carolina. — A
post-lantern light May 6, 1901.

East Gate Basin post light., No. ^, Superior Bay., Mi/nnesota. — A
post-lantern light May 8, 1901.

Lhduth Harbor Basin post lights No. i. Lake Superior^ Minnesota. —
A post-lantern light May 17, 1901.

Mackinac Spit gas mwy No. 22^ Straits of Mackinac^ MichigoAfi. — A
lens-lantern light May 19, 1901.

Martin Reef gas buoy.. No. 5, northerly endofLaJce Huron^ IRchigan. —
A lens-lantern light May 20, 1901.

Stribling Point gas hioy^ No. 36., St. Marys River ^ Michigan. — A
lens-lantern light May 20, 1901.

Tawas Point gas ouoy., ifo. 6^ entrance to Saginaw Bay., Lake Huron^
Michigan. — A lens-lantern light May 26, 1901.



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1901. BEPORT OF THE LIGHT-HOUSE BOARD. 13

North Point gas huoy^ No. 10^ entrance to Thunder Bay^ Lake Ilttron^

Michigan. — A lens-lantern light Maj'^ 26, 1901.
Ghravelly Point Shoal gas huoy^ l7o. ^, Saginuw Bay^ Michigan. — A

lens-lantern light Biay 27, 1901.
Points aux Frenes aas huoy^ No. 11^ St. Marys River ^ Mtchiga/n. — A

lens-lantern light June 9, 1901.
Bird Key ieacon light ^ No. P, Terraceia Bay^ FUrrida. — ^A lens-lantern

light June 27, 1901.
Wreck Point heaxion lights seacoaat of North Carolina. — A lens-lantern

light June 28, 1901.
Stonington Outer Breakwater heacon lights Fishen^a Island Sounds

Connecticut. — A lens-lantern light June 30, 1901.

NEW FOG-SIGNALS.

During the fiscal year the following-named fog-signals were estab-
lished:

Tail of the Horseshoe light-vessel^ Chesapeake Bay^ Virginia. — A 12-inch

steam whistle October 15, 1900.
Lambert Point fog-signal station^ Elizabeth Biver^ Virginia. — A bell

struck by machinery April 1, 1901.
Alcatraz fog-signal station^ San Fra^icisco Bay^ Calif oi^nia. — A bell

struck by machinery April 6, 1901.

During the fiscal year fog-signals were established at the following-
named existing light-stations:

Blue Hill Bay light-statum., Blue Hill Bay ^ Maine. — A bell struck
by machinery September 15, 1900.

Governors Island post light-station.^ Neio York Harhor^ Neiv Yoi^k. —
A blower siren November 12^ 1900.

Kenosha Pierhead light-station.^ Lake Michigan.^ Wisconsin. — A blower
siren April 25, 1901.

Frankfort Pierhead light-station.^ Lake Michigan.^ Michigan. — A com-
pressed-air siren May 11, 1901.

West Bank light-station^ New York loicer hay.. New York. — A com-
pressed-air siren June 1, 1901.

Point Arguello light-stati(m.^ seacoast of California. — ^A compressed-
air siren June 1, 1901.

Wanrick light-station^ Narragansett Bay^ Rhode Island. — A blower
siren June 15, 1901.

Pomham Bocks light-station.^ Providence River .^ Rhode Island. — A
blower siren June 15, 1901.

LIGHTS DISCONTINUED.

In the course of the fiscal j'^ear the following-named lights were dis-
continued:

Superior Bay Channel upper post lights Superior Bay Channel^ Min-
nesota. — A lantern light July 16, 1900.

Connors Point and Rice Point range post lights^ Su]?erior Bay^ Min-
nesota. — Three lantern lights •J'ulv 16, 1900.

Leader wreck lighted huoy^ Detroit Hiver., Michigan. — July 18, 1900.



Online LibraryUnited States. Light-House BoardAnnual report of the Light-House Board of the United States to the Secretary of the Treasury for the fiscal year ended .. → online text (page 1 of 30)