United States. Mississippi River Commission United States. Army. Corps of Engineers.

Annual report of the Chief of Engineers to the Secretary of War for ..., Part 3 online

. (page 90 of 103)
Online LibraryUnited States. Mississippi River Commission United States. Army. Corps of EngineersAnnual report of the Chief of Engineers to the Secretary of War for ..., Part 3 → online text (page 90 of 103)
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. 3,066.42


197,540.6)


Duties collected on imports from
warehouse . .. . ..... .....




058.49


Haklnff total valae of Imports en-


6,697.42


Fees ooUecied


4,281.00








202,776.10


Vthie Df Imports entered for trans-
portation to other districts and
exported


57,794.00
23,621.68


Total value of imports and ex-
ports


6,115,006.75


Boties on imports transported to
other districts and expoHed


from domestic ports


4, 200, 000. 00


Estimated value of merchandise
shipped to domestic ports

Total ascertained and estimated
value of the commerce of the
iMrt




Msking total value of imports thus


81, 416. 58


6,000.000.09


verea ..-..-




Tthie of imports entered for trans-
portation to other districto

IHities on imports entered for


549,222.00
28,846.85


16.315,006.75


Kumber of entries of vessels

Number of clearaDC^s of vessels. .

Tonnage of vessels entered

Tonnage of vessels cleared




1,380

1,206

281.719

280.716


Haking total value of same


677,668.85



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2092 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OP ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY.

Leading article$ of merchandUe received from fordgnporU and received from and $h^^
to domeeiie ports during the year 1887.



Articles.


Quantity.


Articles.


Quantity.


Wheat

Corn

Barley

Oau

Pototoes

Flour


bushels..

do....

do....

do....

do ...


833.036

2.964,629

673.554

810, 109

2.806

108,878

500

100

1,608,130

62,140,069

6,665,000

6,906.000

52,803

2,378

1,808


Hogs number..

Butter pounds..

Cheese boxes..

Pork barrels..

Hides number..

Wool pounds..

Coal tons..

Feed do ..

Kerosene oil barrelB..

Dry eoods, hardware, sugar, iron ore,

and other merchandise arrived tram.

Boston and other cities via Ogdens-

road, and shipped to Chicago and
other Western cities tons. .


200

MQ,IO»

92,000

1,50J

162,353

140.001


Hay

Straw..

?g«5«.

LamDer....


tons..

do...

dozen..

feet..


U3.3M
fl^OM
17.000


Laths

Shingle*

Sheep

Cattle

Horses


pieces..

number..

do....

do....

do....


54,101



The above was obtained through the kindness of the colleotor of oostoms.



N N2.



IMPROVEMENT OP GRASS RIVER, AT MASSENA, NEW YORK.

There have been no operations ander the above head during the past
year.

The project for this improvement was adopted in 1881, and appears
in the Eeport of the Chief of Engineers for that year, pages 2457 to
2460. It contemplates the formation of a channel from the St. Lskw-
rence Eiver to Massena Village, a distance of about 7^ miles by water,
with a least width of 40 feet and a least depth of 4 feet, at an estimated
cost of $12,000.

The items of the estimate are as follows :

Excavation at rapids, 2,000 yards, at $4 per yard $8,000

Excavation at HaskelPs Wharf. 1,500 yards, at |1 per yard 1,500

Excavation at other points 3,000 yards, at 50 cents per yard 1, 500

Contingencies, etc 1,000

Total 12,000

Under an appropriation of $3,000 for this work proposals were in-
vited in April, 1883, for the removal of 2,000 cubic yards of obstructiDg
material at rapids, the first item as above, and in response only one bid
was received, at the rate of $0 per yard. It was evident, tiierefbre, that
it would cost at least $12,000 to make the improvement at that point
and that the funds available were only sufficient to remove one-fourth
of that single obstruction. As no benefit could arise from the work
unless completed, and as the work could be carried on more economic-
ally when the improvement of at least one place could be accomplished
in one season's operations, an additional appropriation of $9,000 was
asked for, and no further action has been taken since.

During the fiscal year some inquiry was made by dredgemeu in re-
gard to this work, and they were informed as to its nature, amount, etc.,
and proposals were solicited from them for undertaking the improve-
ment, but they made no definite offer and nothing has been done.

The balance of the appropriation, after paying the cost of advertising,
etc., amounting to $2,948.60, is now to the credit of the improvement



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APPENDIX N N REPORT OF MAJOR ADAMS. 2093

In case additional funds become available for this work, it is expected
to apply tbem, to;;etber with the balance now on hand, in dredging op-
erations according to the original plan.

Money statement.

July 1, 18-7, amount available |2,948.60

Jaly 1, 18H8, balance available 2,9iS.eO

r Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing; project 17, 60(^00

I Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending Jnne 30, 1890 1 7, 600. 00
] Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
I harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.



COMBfERCIAL STATISTICS.

Name, Grass River (Massena), New York. Collection district, Oswegatchie. Nearest
light-house, Ogdensbnrgh, N. Y.

A steam ferry-boat makes regular trips Arom Cornwall, in Canada, opposite thf»
month of Grass River, to a point a mile below Massena, bevond which the obstruc-
tions in the channel will not allow the boat to ^o. The collector of customs was un-
able to furnish any statement of receipts, and it is presumable that little or nothing
was collected.



N N 3.
BREAKWATER AT ROUSE^S POINT, LAKE CHAMPLAIN, NEW YORk.

O]>erations have been carried on daring the year in accoixlance with
the original plan adopted in 1885, and under contracts dated Aagnst
22, 1885, and October 28, 1886.

The first contract was made with Bichard Fenner Hawkins, of Spring-
field, Mass., for the construction of 800 linear feet of breakwater ad-
joining the shore ; the other with John L. JohQSon, of Fulton, N. Y.,
for the extension of the 800-foot shore section, 550 feet further into the
lake. The last annual report stated that an extension of time for com-
pletion of the first contract to September 30, 1887, had been requested
aud gi*anted, and that it was occasioned by the novel character of the
work, in connection with the handling and laying of the large stones on
the slopes and crown of the breakwater. This contract was completed
and closed within the extension of time that was granted.

Work under the second contract has been progressing fairly well.
Most of the rubble-stone required in the foundation of this 550-foot sec
tion was placed during the winter of 1887, and has had time for thor-
ongh settlement betore the large stones are added as a facing and crown-
ing along this portion of the structure.

There were (}o linear feet of this section of the breakwater completed
during the fiscal year by the addition of the large crowning and lacing
stones, alid as the second contract does not require completion until
November 30, 1888, it is believed it will be finished well within that
date, consuming the available funds.

The good effects of this improvement are apparent along the town
front and at the docks by tae comparative calmness of the water there
now during southeasterly storms, which formerly caused considerable
commotion.

As funds become available for this work they are to be applied under
the approved project, which contemplates the construction of a straight



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2094 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMT.

breakwater of rabble and large stone extendiug from Stony Point in the
general direction of the sonthern point of the 6-foot cnrve sonth of
Windmill Point nntil the 18 foot carve is reached, a total distance of
about 2,000 feet The estimated cost of the breakwater was placed at
$110,000. To date there have beeu two appropriations for this improve-
ment, amoauting to $55,000, which has either been consumed or placed
under contract.

Money $tatemeiU.

July 1,1887, amoaot available #23,970.3

July 1, 1888, amooDt expended daring fiscal year, exclnuve of

liabilitieaoQtBtanding Jaly 1, 1887 114,402.21

Jaly 1, 1888, oQtstanding liabilities 2,22&.ll

July 1, 188H, amonnt covered by existing contracts 6, 9o&. 00

23,6«i3i

July 1, 1888, balance avaUable 328.^

Amonnt appropriated by act of Angnst 11, 1888 13,C00.(fe

Aironnt available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1889 13,6S&?

{Amount (estimated) required for completion of existinff project 41,500.09

Amount thatcan beprobtablv expended in fiscal year endinff June 30, 1890 41,500. W
Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.



COMMBROIAL STATISTICS.

Name of harbor, Rouse's Point, N. Y.; coUection district, Champiain ; nearest light-
bouse. Windmill Point.

2fumher of ve9$eU and tonnage oUared for and entered from foreign porte dnriag the year

loo7*

Entered : I

Number of vessels l.or I

Tonnage 9^,?:*

Cleared :

Numl)er of vessels 1,0^

Tonnaf^e 99, 0«

Value of merchandise exported by vessels during 1887 $850, 0"i*

Lumber imported dming eeaeon of navigoHon hg veeeeU.

Lumber feet B. M.. 153.0®,Tje

Value |2,688,388.tt'

Duties 303,8as6

Value and dtUiee oolleoted on varioue artidee intported hg veeaele during gear 18^.

Value $152,613. ••

Duties collected 24,©4.n

Value of free goods imported by vessels during year 1867 50,845,^

The above was obtained tbrongh the kindness of the collector of ci&
toms.



N N4.

IMPROVEMENT OF 8WANT0N HARBOR, VERMONT.

The project was adopted in 1873, and the undertaking was thought to
be of donbtfal expediency at that time, as shown by the report rf tta
officer then in charge. (See Annual Report Chief of Engineers, ISA



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APPENDIX NN REPORT OF MAJOR ADAMS. 2095

{)age 396.) Subsequent events have shown that the doubts a$ to the
propriety of trying to anticipate the wants of the harbor in its improve-
meut, which were expressed in submitting the original report and pro-
ject, were well grounded.

.The appropriations which have been made from time to time have
betm expended in the construction of a breakwater ; the docks and
wbai-ves it was designed to protect were never built, however, and the
shipping facilities at the harbor now, instead of being located where
ihey would have received some protection from the breakwater, are
clustered around two docks three-fourths of a mile fiom it.

In consideration of the foregoing facts, and the uncertainty attending
the location of docks and wharves that were possibly to be built> it has
been recommended for some years that no further appropriation be made
for this harbor until the future development of the shipping and com-
mercial interests indicate more definitely the direction in which improve-
ment should be made for their protection.

According to the preliminary examination and survey made in October
and December, 1884, and reported in January, 1885, ic would seem that
tbe conditions for indicating more definitely the direction in which im-
provement should be made have arrived.

Should the work be undertaken, however, instead of following the
exact scheme of that report, I would recommend the building of a break-
water nearly parallel with and about 1,000 feet distant from the shore,
from a point 200 feet north of the outer end of the existing structure
until a position directly west of the docks is reached, and the extension
of the existing structure somewhat nearer the shore; by which means
it is thought tbe increased harbor capacity afforded would justify the
change from the plan of the above report, submitted in January, 1$85.

Money statement.

July 1, 1887, amonnt available $;{26.93

Jalyl, 1888, balance available 326.93

{Amonnt (estimated) required for completion of existing project 1G9, 500. 00
Amonnt that can be protitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30,1^0 80, 000. 00
Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS.

Name of harbor, Swanton, Vt.; collection district, Vermont ; nearest light-house,
Point aux Boches.

Number of steamers arrived and cleared during year 1887 183

Number of sailing vessels arrived and cleared durinj^ year 1887 45

Number of unrip^ged vessels arrived and cleared during year 1887 31

Unladed from the aforesaid vessels :

Iron tons.. 2,125

Coal do... 1,750

Other merchandise do... 8,160

Total do... 12,035

The above was obtained through the kindness of the eollector of cus-
toms.



NN5.

BREAKWATER AT GORDON'S LANDING, LAKE CHAMPLAIN, VERMONT.

The project for this improvement was adopted in 1887, and has for its
object the construction of a breakwater, composed of rubble and large
stones, extending in a straight line from a point some 250 feet south of



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209G REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY.

the dock or landing, where the water is about 3 feet deep at lowest stage,
to a poiut on the 18-foot curve and about 100 feet north of the line drawn
from the dock to Cumberland Head.

At inception the object of the undertaking seems to have been the
affording of increased shelter on the west shore of Grand Isle, Lake
Gharoplain, which incidentally has involved the protection of the dock
or landing which gives the improvement its name.

An appropriation of 818,750 was made for this work in the act ap-
proved August 5, 1886, but the general character of the shore, as indi-
cated on the Coast Survey maps, was about all the information with re-
gard to this locality in my possession when the appropriation was made.
Consequently, and as a subsequent step in the order of procedure, it
became necessary to make a thorough examination and survey, and to
design a structure that would aftord the desired shelter.

The examination and survey were made October, 1886, and a map,
drawing, report, etc., were prepared which covered the facts in regwd
to the locality, and, with my recommendations respecting the proposed
structure to be built for protection, were submitted January 12, 1887,
and having been duly considered by the Board of Engineers, received
your approval.

The time consumed in connection with the examination of the plans
and specitications for this new work was such that it could not be regu-
larly advertised until June 28, 1887.

In response to the advertisement inviting proposals for the constnK^
tion of 600 liuear feet shore section of this breakwater, five bids were
received, ranging in the aggregate from $15,150 to $31,927.88 ; and a con-
tract was made with the lowest bidder, William James Daly, of Ogdens-
burgh, N. Y., under date of August 1, 1887, for the above amount of
work. Operations were commenced August 11, 1887, and continued
until the latter part of November, when a suspension took place until
the formation of ice would allow the work to be carried on more eco-
nomically. Operations were resumed Januai'y 26, 1888, and continued
into March, at which time there had been a total of 4,711 J yards of
rubble-stone placed in the foundation, which brought this pile of loose
stone as high as was thought safe when the ice would be going oat
Operations could not be again resumed before the close of the fiscal
year.

There have been 4,71 1 J cubic yards of rubble-stone placed in the
foundation and core of the structure up to date.

The cost of the undertaking has been placed at $38,158.72.

Money statement

July 1, 1887, amount available $18,413.90

July 1, 1888, amoant expended dnring fiscal year, exclasive of

liabilities outstanding July 1, 1887 $5,192.27

July 1, 1888, outstanding liabilities 400.01

July 1, 1»88, amount covered by existing contracts 11, 149. 94

16,T«.«

July 1, 1F86, balance available l,67Le?

Amount appropriated by act of August 11, 1888 10,000.00

Amount available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1889 11,671.6?

{Amount (estimated ) required for completion of existing project 9, 40tiL 75

Amount tbat can be profitably expended in fiscal jear ending June 90,1890 9, 406. ^^
Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.



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APPENDIX NN — ^BEPOET OP MAJOR ADAMS. 2097

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS.

Name of harbor, Qordon's Landiog; colleotion district, Vermont; nearest light-
bouse, Comberland Head. ^

The proprietor of the landing states that three-fonrths of the business of Grand
Isle, Vt., is done there, and that 1,500 tons of freight are probably handled each season.
Also that large quantities of prodace and fmit, as well as stoclE, for the markets, pass
over the dock at the landing.



N N6.
IMPROVEMENT OP PLATTSBURQH HABBOB, NEW YORK.

The original project for the improvement of this harbor was adopted
probably in 1836, the date of the first appropriation, and proposed the
constmction of a breakwater about 1,000 feet east of the steam-boat
• oeks.

There were 1,250 linear feet of breakwater con8trac|ted between the
years 1836 and 1875, at which latter date the last modification of the
project was completed.

This modification^ made in 1870, provided for an extension of the
former stmctare to the southeast, the dredging of some shoal areas
within the breakwater, and the protection of a portion of the adjacent
beach by a revetment.

Since 1875 operations have been confined to necessary repairs of the
breakwater, and the dredging of limited areas between it and the steam-
boat docks.

The report of survey at the mouth of Saranac Biver, Plattsburgh,
N. Y., which has appeared as House Ex. Doc. No. 72, Forty-eighth Con-
gress, second session, comprehends the dredging of 110,000 cubic yards
there, and would amount to a considerable extension of the limited
areas of dredging operations, and therefore may be said to constitute a
farther modification in the project for this harbor improvement.

The appropriation of $5,000, by act approved August 5, 1886, was
pledged under contract dated March 9, 1887, the work comprehended
in tiie contract being the dredging and removal of 25,000 cubic yards
from in front of the docks.

Operations commenced about the middle of September, and the con-
tract was completed and closed before the end of November, 1887, prac-
tically consuming the appropriation.

As additional funds become available for this harbor, it is expected
to apply them in dredging operations, so as to afford sufficient depths
for the boats that frequent the harbor, and in making repairs to the
breakwater as required.

Money gtatement

ruly 1, 1887, amount available $4,903.65

Faly 1, 1888, amoant expended daring fiscal year, exolasive of liabilities
outslaDding Joly 1, 1887 4,426.23

Fnly 1, 1888, balance available 477.42

Lmoant appropriated by act of August 11, 1888 7,000.00

Lmoant available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1869 7,477.42

r Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project 3, 000. 00

I Amount that can be prohtably expended in fiscal year ending June 30,1890 3, 000. 00
I Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
L harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.

ENG 88 132

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2098 REPORT OF THE CHIidF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMT.

COMMBRCIAL STATISTICS.

Name of harbor, Plattsburgli, N. Y.; collection diBtrict, Champlain ; nearetit light-
hoase, Cnmberland Head ; two beacon lights at Plattsbnrgh.





Arrivala.


Departnns.


Kind of craft.


Kaof

TMSelB.


Tons.


Kaof
Teasels.


TOBS.


Steam


708
42
781


868,445

8.588

68.512


796
42
761


368^ 4tf
8,538


Sail


Canal-boats ,


68,513






Total


1,601


440.495


1,601


440, AS







Value of goods imported from foreign ports $1,5SI

Value of 7,500 tons of coallmported from domestic ports 80,009

Value of misoellaneoas mercnandise imported fh>m domestic ports 27, OM



Total.



56,591



Value of goods shipped from PlatUhurgh,



Name of articles.


Amount.


Value.


Iron ore




tons..


27,135
6,776.000




$81.4«S


I>rew«>!dlqmber ..-^.^




ftlAt .


115,501


Other merchandise .-


Vom












Total




291, 906









The above was received throngh the kindness of the collector of cus-
toms.



N N 7.
IMPROVEMENT OF BURLINGTON HARBOR, VERMONT.

The first project for the improvement of this harbor was probably
adopted in 1836.

Modifications of the original project have been made from time to
time so as to afford adeqnate protection to the increasing commerdal
and shipping interests of the harbor.

In 1874 a modification was proposed whereby an extension 2,000 linear
feet northward was effected ; in 1884 an extension to the«oath was pro-
posed by the ofilcer then in charge; and again, in 1886, a plan for tor-
ther extension both to the north and to the south, which ontlined their
proper locations, covering considerable of the shore in both directionsi
was considered by the Board of Engineers, and received its authoritative
sanction in regard to the distance from shore proposed for the exten-
sions, but the 150 feet openings recommended at the ends of the exist-
ing structure, before commencing new work, were not approved.

The rationality of the existing irregular outline in the breakwater,
t. e.j its want ot rectilinearity from end to end, is found in its grddoal
development by successive extensions under diffldrent administrationa
and at distant periods of time, when the immediate and prospective
wants of the harbor necessarily presented decidedly different phases.



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APPENDIX NN llEPORT OF MAJOK ADAMS. 2099

The reason for the lltst modificatioD, whereby the extensiou will
gradoally withdraw theT ends of the structare from water 36 and 39
feet deep into water aboat 30 feet deep, and then prolong it about
parallel to the shore and 1,000 feet distant from the outer ends of the
docks in shallower water, is that there will be considerable saving in
tbe cost per linear foot of protection afforded by bringing the work
Dearer shore and adhering to the shallower depths. At the same time
it will result in no injurious restriction of the harbor capacity, provided
a limit to the extension of docks into the harbor or a commission line
is established, which ought to be done, and is looked for, since the at-
tention of the board of trade here has been invited to the subject.

A contract was made for 240 feet extension at the southern end of the
breakwater, under date of August 12, 1887, with Luther Whitney, of
Keesville, N. Y. Work was commenced August 22, 1887, and there
were 2,449.1 cubic yards of rubble-stone placed in the foundation before
the close of navigation.

Operations were resumed May 16, and there have been 4,209.2 cubic
yards of rubble-stone placed in the foundation at the close of the fiscal
year, making it about high enough to receive the cribs. It is expected
'the framing and sinking of the cribs will soon be undertaken, as the
timber for them is arriving, and that this contract will be completed
November 30, 1888.

As additional funds become available for this improvement it is ex-
pected they will be applied in further extensions to the breakwater, so
as to keep pace with the growth of the commerce and the extensions of
the line of docks and wharves of the harbor, and in maintenance.

Money statement

Jalyl, 1887, ftmount available 120,570.24

Jaly 1, 1888, amotmt expended daring fiscal year, exolnsive of

liabmUes ontfltanding Joly 1, 1887 $4,655.39

July 1, 1888, ontetanding liabmties 1,194.05

Joly 1, 1888, amonnt covered by existing coctraots 13, 074. 46

18,924.80

July 1, 188c*, balance available 1,645.44

Amonnt appropriated by act of August 11, 1888 35,000.00

Amonnt available for fiscal year ending June 30, 1889 36,645.44

r Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project 149, 250. 00



I Amou nt that canbe profitably expended in fiscal vear endmg June 30, 1890 50, 000. 00
] Sabmitted in oompliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and
L harbor acts of 1866 and 1867.



OOMMBROIAL STATISTICS.

Name of harbor, Burlington, Vt. ; nearest light-house, Juniper Island ; collection
district, Vermont.

ArrivaU and deparhurei ofve9$el9 during year 1887.

Kind of onfL

Steam-TMaelB with pMscngeri and freight

Steam-tngB with tofWB. .
Sftll and unrigged T

Total....




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2100 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY.

The aforesaid vesaels discharged the following at this port :

Coal tons.. 81,150

Rough-sawed lamber feet, B. M.. 45,808,7te

Shingles 5,222,500

General merchandise tons.. 45,146

The above was received tbrongh the kindness of the collector of cnstoms.



N N 8.
IMPROVEMENT OF OTTER CREEK, VERMONT.

The project for this improvement was adopted in 187*J, and, as modi-
fied in 1882 and 1884, proposes the formation of a channel from Vergennes,



Online LibraryUnited States. Mississippi River Commission United States. Army. Corps of EngineersAnnual report of the Chief of Engineers to the Secretary of War for ..., Part 3 → online text (page 90 of 103)