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stock with the right hand. At the command arms, bring up the
piece briskly to the right shoulder, and retake the position of
shoulder arms.

187. The recruits being at shoulder arms, when the instructor
shall wish to fix bayonets, he will command :

Fix — Bayonet.
One time and three motions.

188. (First motion.) Grasp the piece with the left hand at the
hight of the shoulder, and detach it slightly from the shoulder
with the right hand.

189. {Second motion.) Quit the piece with the right hand, lower
it with the left hand, opposite the middle of the body, and place
the butt between the feet without shock ; the rammer to the rear,
the barrel vertical, the muzzle three inches from the body ; seize
it with the right hand at the uj^per band, and carry the left hand
reversed to the handle of the sabre-bayonet.

190. {Third motion.) Di-aw the sabre-bayonet from the scabbard
and fix it on the extremity of the barrel ; seize the piece with the
left hand, the arm extended, the right hand at the upper band.

Shoulder — Arms.

One time and two motions.

191. (First motion.) Eaise the piece with the left hand and plaoo
it against the right shoulder, the rammer to the front; seize the
piece at the same time with the right hand at the swell of the
stock, the thumb and fore-finger embracing the guard, the right
a,rm nearly extended.

192. (Second motion.) Drop briskly the left hand by the side.

Charge — Bayonet.
One time and two motions.

193. (First motion.) Eaise the piece slightly with the right hand



SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER. 23

and make a lialf face to the right on the left heel; place the hol-
low of the right foot opposite to, and three inches from the left
heel, the feet squai-e ; seize the piece at the same time with the
left hand a little above the lower band.

194. (Second motion.) Bring down the piece with both hands, the
barrel uppermost, the left elbow against the body; seize the small
of the stock, at the same time, with the right hand, which will be
supported against the hip ; the point of the sabre-bayonet as high
as the eye.

Shoulder — Arms.
One time and two motions.

195. (First motion.) Throw up the piece briskly with the left
hand in facing to the front, place it against the right shoulder, the
rammer to the front; turn the right hand so as to embrace the
guard, slide the left hand to the hight of the shoulder, the right
hand nearly extended.

196. (Second motion.) Drop the left hand smartly by the Bide.

Trail — Arms.
One time and two ?notions.

197. (First ynotion.) The same as the first motion of order arms.

198. (Second motion.) Incline the muzzle slightly to the front,
the butt to the rear and about four inches from the ground. The
right hand supported at the hip, will so hold the piece that the
rear rank men may not touch witli their bayonets the men in the
front rank.

Shoulcter — Arms.

199. At the command shoulder, raise the piece perpendicularly
in the right hand, the little finger in rear of the barrel ; at the
command arms, execute what has been prescribed for the shudder
from the position of order anns.

Unfix — Bayonet.

One time and three motions.

200. (First and second vwtions.) The same as the first and second
motions o^ fix bayonet, except that, at the end of the second com-
mand, the thumb of the right hand will be placed on the spring of
the sabre-bayonet, and the left hand will embrace the handle of
the sabre-bayonet and the l)a»rel. the thumb extended along the
blade.

201. (Third motion.) Press the thumb of the right hand on the
spring, wrest off the sabre-ltayonet, turn it to the right, the edge
to the front, lower the guard until it touches the right hand, whic^i
will seize the back and the (.(Ige of the blade between the thumb
and first two fingers, the other fingers holding the piece; change
the position of the hand without quitting the handle, return the
sabre-bayonet to the scabbard, and seize the piece with the loft
hand, the arm extended.



34 SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER.

Shoulder — Arms.

One time and two motions.

202. (First motion.) The same as the first motion from jix bayo-
net, No. 191.

' 203. (Second motion.) The same as the second motion from fix
bayonet, No. 192.

Secure — Arms.

One time and three motions.

204. (First motion.) The same as the first motion of support arms,
No. 133, except with the right hand seize the piece at the small of
the stock.

205. (Second motion.) Turn the piece with both hands, the bar-
rel to the front; bring it opposite the left shoulder, the butt
against the hip, the left hand at the lower band, the thumb as high
a.s the chin and extended on the rammer ; the piece erect and
detached from the shoulder, the left fore-arm against the piece.

206. (Third motion.) Eeverse the piece, pass it under the left
arm, the left hand remaining at the lower band, the thumb on the
rammer to prevent it from sliding out, the little finger resting
agaiHst the hip, the right hand falling at the same time by the
side.

Shoulder — Arms.
One time and three motions.

207. (First ^notion.) Raise the piece with the left hand, and seize
it with the right hand at the small of the stock. The piece erect
and detached from the shoulder, tke butt against the hip, the left
fore-arm along the piece.

208. (Second motion.) The same as the second motion of shoulder
arms from a support.

209. (Third motion.) The same as the third motion of shoulder
arms from a support.

Eight shoulder shift — Arms.
One time and two motions.

210. (First motion.) Detach the piece perpendicularly from the
shoulder with the right hand, and seize it with the left between
the lower band and guide-sight, raise the piece, the left hand at the
bight of the shoulder and four inches from it ; place, at the same
time, the right hand on the butt, the beak between the first two*
fingers, the other two fingers \inder the butt plate.

211. (Second motion.) Quit the piece with the left hand, raise
and place the piece o» the right shoulder with the right hand, the
lock plate upwards; let fall, at the same time, the left hand by the
side.

Shoulder — Arms.
One time and two motions.

212. (First motion.) Raise the piece perpendicularly by extend-



SCirOOL OF THE SOLDIER. ^^

ing the right arm to its full length, the rammer to the front, at the
same time seize the piece with the left hand between the lower
band and guide sight.

213. (Second motion.) Quit the butt with the right hand, whic*li
will immediately embrace the guard, lower the piece to the posi-
tion of shoulder arms, slide up the left hand to the hight ol" tho
shoulder, the fingers extended and closed. Drop the left hand by
the side.

214. The men being at support arms, the instructor will some-
times cause pieces to be brought to the right shoulder. To this
effect, he will command :

Right shoulder shift — Arms.
One time and tico motions.

215. (First motion.) Seize the piece with the right hand, below
and near the Icfl fore-arm, place the left hand under the butt, the
heel of the butt between the first two lingers.

216. (Second motion.) Turn the piece with the left hand, the lock
plate upwards, carry it to the right shoulder, the left hand still
holding the butt, the muzzle elevated ; hold the piece in this posi-
tion and place the right hand upon the butt as is prescribed No.
210, and let fall the left hand by the side.

Support — Arms.

One time and two ^notions.

217. (First motion.) The same as the fix'st motion of shoulder
arms, No. 212.

218. (Second motion.) Turn the piece with both hands, the barrel
to the fi'ont, carry it opposite the left shoulder, slip the right hand
to the small of the stock, place the left fore-arm extended on the
breast as is -prescribed No. 134, and let fall the right hand by the
side.

Arms — At will.

One time jind one motion.

219. At this command, carry the piece at pleasure on either
shoulder, with one or both hands, the muzzle elevated.

Shoulder — Arms.

One time and one motion.

220. At this command, retake quickly the position of shoulder
arms.

'>.21. The recruits being at ordered arms, when the instructor

"isn w cause the pieces to be pUiccd on the ground, he will
oommana-. r. '

Ground — Arms.

^<- Hme and ttto motion-^

222. (Fint motion.) Turn tht piece with the right hand, Uie bar-



26 SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER.

rel to the left ; at the same time seize the cartridge box with the
left hand, bend the body, advance the left foot, the heel opposite
the lower band ; lay the piece on the ground with the right hand,
the toe of the butt on a line with the right toe, the knees slightly
bent, the right heel raised. '

223. (Second motion.) Rise up, bring the left foot by the side of
the right, quit the cartridge box. with the left hand, and drop the
h-ands by the side.

jRaise — Arms.

One time and two motions.

224. (First motion.) Seize the cartridge box with the left hand,
bend the body, advance the left foot opposite the lower band, and
seize the piece with the right hand.

225. (Second motion.) Raise the piece, bringing the left foot by
the side of the right; turn the piece with the right hand, the ram-
mer to the front ; at the same time quit the cartridge box with the
left hand, and drop this hand by the side.

Inspection of Ar7ns.

226. The recruits being at ordered arms, and having the sabre-
bayonet in the scabbard, if the instrustor wishes to cause an in-
spection of arms, he will command :

Inspection — Arms.

One time and two motions.

227. (First motion.) Seize the piece wnth the left hand below and
near the upper baud, carry it with both hands opposite the middle
of the body, the butt between the feet, the rammer to the rear,
the barrel vertical, the muzzle about three inches from the body;
carry the left hand reversed to the sabre bayonet, draw it from the
scabbai-d and fix it on the barrel ; grasp the piece with tbe left
hand below and near the upper band, seize the rammer with the
thumb and fore-finger of the right hand bent, the other fingers
closed.

228. (Second motion.) Draw the rammer as has-been explained
in loading, and let it glide to the bottom of the bore, replace the
piece with the left hand opposite the right shoulder, and retake the
position of ordered arms.

229. The instructor will then inspect in succession the piece of
each recruit, in passing along the front of the rank. Each, as the
instructor reaches him, will raise smartly his piece with his right
hand, seize it with the left between the lower band and guide sight




the recruit, who will receive i1

place it in the position of ordered arms. , vAon

230. When the instructor shall hav^ passed him, eacn iei.iv



SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER. 27

will retake the position prescribed at the command inspcctiori a7'7t\s,
roturn the rammer, and resume the position of ordered anyis.

231. If, instead of inspection o/^7-wi5, the instructor Rhonld merely
wish to cause bayonets to be fixed, he will command :

Fix — Bayonet.

232. Take the position indicated in No. 227, fix bayonets as has
been explained, and immediately resume the position of ordered
arms.

233. If it bo the wish of the instructor, after firing, to ascertain
whetlvcr the pieces have been discharged, he will command :

Spring — Rammers.

234. Put the rammer in the barrel as has been explained above,
and immediately retake the position of ordered arms.

235. The instructor, for the purpose stated, can take the ram-
mer by the small end, and spring it in the barrel, or cause each
recruit to make it ring in the barrel.

236. Each recruit, after the instructor passes him, will return
rammer and resume the position of ordered arms.

Remarks on the Manual of Arms.

237. The manual of arms frequently distorts the persons of re-
cruits before tlicy acquire case and confidence in the several posi-
tions. The instructor will therefore frequently recur to element-
ary principles in the course of the lessons.

238. Tlecruits are also extremely liable to curve the sides and
back, and to derange the shoulders, especially in loading. Conse-
quently, the instructor will not cause them to dwell too long at a
time in one position.

239. When, after smne days of exercise in the manual of arms,
the four men shall be well established in their use, the instructor
will always terminate the lesson by marching the men for some
time in one rank, and at one pace apart, in common and quick
time, in order to confirm them more and more in the mechanism of
the step ; he will also teach them to mark time and to change stej; ;
which will bo executed in the following manner:

To mark time.

240. The four men marching in the direct step, the instructor
will command :

1. Mark time. 2. March.

241. At the second command, which will be given at the instant
A foot is coming to the ground, tiie recruit* will make a semblance
of marching, by bringing the heels by the side of each other, and
observing the cadence of the step, by raising each foot alternately
without advancing.

242. The instructor wishing the direct step to be rowumed, will
command :



28 SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER.



1. Forward. 2. March.

243. At the second command, which will be given as prescribed
above, the recruits will retake the step of twenty-eight inches.

To change step.

244. The squad being in march, the instructor will command:

1. Change step. 2. March.

245. At the second command, which will be given at the instant
either foot is coming to the ground, bring the foot which is in rear
by the side of that which is in front, and step off again with the
foot which was in front.

2^0 march backwards.

246. The instructor wishing the squad to march backwards, will
command :

1. Squad backward. 2. March.

247. At the second command, the reci'uits will step oif smartly
with the left foot fourteen inches to the rear, reckoning from heel
to heel, and so on with the feet in succession till the command halt,
which will always be preceded by the caution squad. The men
will halt at this command, and bring back the foot in front by the
side of the other.

248. This step will always be executed in quick time.

249. The instructor will be watchful that the recruits march
straight to the rear, and that the erect position of the body and the
piece be not deranged.

Lesson III. — To load in four times.

250. The object of this lesson is to prepare the recruits to load
at will, and to cause them to distinguish the times which require
the greatest regularity and attention, siich as charge cartridge, ram
cartridge and prime. It will be divided as follows :

251. The first time will be executed at the end of the command;
I3ie three others at the commands, two, three and/owr.

The instructor will command :

1. Load in four times. 2. Load.

252. Execute the times to include charge cartridge.

Two.

253. Execute the times to include ram cartridge.

Three.
, 254. Execute the times to include prime.

Four.

255. Execute the time of shoulder arms.

To load at will.

256. The instruotor will next teach loading at will, which will



SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER. 29



be executed a« loading in four times, but continued, and without
resting on either of the times. lie Avill command :

1. Load at icill. 2. Load.

257. Thw instructor will habituate the recruits, by degress, to
load with the greatest posKible promptitude, each without regula-
ting him8elf by his neighbor, and above all without waiting for
hi.nXj

268. The cadence prescribed No. 129, i.s not applicable to load-
ing in fourtime^s, or at will.

Lesson IV. — Firings.

259. The firings are direct or oblique, and will be oxciiutcd as
follows .

The direct fire.

260. The instructor will give the following commands :

1. Fire by sqwid. 2. Squad. 3. Ready. 4. Aim. 5. Fjrk.

G. Load.

261. ThoHe several c<^nimands will be executed as has been pre-
scribed in the Manual of Arms. At the third command, the men
will come to the position of ready as heretofore explained. At
the fourth they will aim according to the rank in which each may
find himself placed, the rear rank men inclining forward a little
the upper part of the body, in order that their pieces may reach
as much beyond the front rank as post^iblc.

262. At the sixth command they will load their pieco.i and re-
turn immediately to the position of ready.

263. Tho iiiPtruct<)r will recommence the firing by the command :

1. Squad. 2. Aim. 8. Fire. 4. Load.

164. Whe.ri the instruet'^r wishes the firing to cease, he will
command :

Cc/ise firiiX'g.

2n5. At this rr^mmand the men will cca«e firing, but will load
their pie<yvj If unloarled, and afterwards bring them to a shoulder.

Oblique firings.

266. The obliqut' firings will be cxtxjut<Hi to the right and left,
and by the same commands a.s the direct fire, with this single dif-
ferenc<> — the command aim will alvvHyrt be |>roccded by the cau-
Mo«, right or left ol)lique.

Position of thf tiro rari/\s in the Oblique Fire to tJw. right.

a6T. At the command ready, the two ranks will oxe<'Ute what
ha« been prt*»cribc<l for the direct fire.

268. At the cautionary command, right oldique. tho two ranlcM
will throw back tho right shoiildor and look st^'adily at thf object
to b*' hit



30 SCHOOL OF thp: soldier.

^ 269. At the command, aim, each front rank man will aim to the
right without deranging the feet ; each rear i*ank man Avill ad-
vance the left foot about eight inches toward the right heel of the
man next on the right of his file leader and aim to the right, in-
clining the upper part of the body forward and bending a little
the left knee.

Position of the two ranks in the Oblique Fire to the left.

270. At the cautionary command, left oblique, the two ranks will
throw back the left shoulder and look steadily at the object to be
hit.

27L At the command, aim, the front rank will take aim to the
left without deranging the feet; each man in the rear will advance
the right foot about eight inches toward the right heel of the man
next on the right of his file leader, and aim to the left, inclining the
upper part of the body forward and bending a little the right knee,

272. In both cases, at the command, load, the men of each rank
will come to the position of load as pre-scribod in the direct firej
the rear rank men bringing back the foot Avhich is to the right and
fi'ont by the side of the other. Each man will continue to load as
if isolated.

To fire by fiU.

273. The fire by tile will be executed by the two ranks, the files
of which will fire successively, and without regulating on eaoh
other, except for the first fire.

274. The instructor will command:

1. Fire by file. 2. Squad. 3. REApy. 4. Commence firing.

275. At the third command, the two ranks will take the po8l'ti<»
prescribed in the direct fire.

276. At the fourth command, the file on the right will aim and
fire; the rear rank man in aiming will take the position indicated
No. 176.

277. The men of this file will load their pieces briskly and fire a
second time ; reload and fire again, and so on in continuation.

278. The second file will aim at the instant the first brings
down pi(>ces to reload, and will conform in all respects to that which
has just been pi'cscribed for the first file.

279. After the first fire, the front and rear rank men will not be
required to fire at the same time.

280. Each man, after loading, will return to the position of
ready, and continno the fire.

281. Wlien the instructor wishes tho fire to cease, he will com-
mand :

Cease — Firing.

282. At this command, the men will cease firing. If they havS
fired they will load their pieces and bring them to a shoulder; if
at tho position of ready, they will half-coc!v and shoulder arms.
If in the position oP aim, they will bring down tlieir pieces, half-
cock, and shoulder ai-ms.



SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER. 31



To fire by rank.

283. The fire by rank will be executed by each entire rank, al-
ternately.

284. The instructor will command :

1. Fire by rank. 2. Squad. 3. Ready. 4. Rear Hank. 5. Aim.
G. Fire. 7. Load.

285. At the third command, the two ranks will take the position
of ready, an prescribed in the direct fire.

286. At the seventh command, the roar rank will execute that
which has been prescribed in the direct fire, and al"terward» take
the position of ready.

287. As soon as the instructor sees several men of the rear rank
in the position of ready, he will command :

1. Front Jiaiik. 2. Aim. 3. Fire. 4. Load.

288. At these commands, the men in the front rank will execute
what has been prescribed for the roar rank, but they will not step
off with right foot.

289. The instructor will recommence the firing by the rear rank,
and will thus continue to alternate from rank to rank, until he
shall wish the firing to cease, when he will command, cease firingy
which will be executed as heretofore pi'cscribed.

-Lesson V. — To fire and load kneeling.

290. \y\ this exorcise the ^quad will be supposed loaded and
drawn up in one rank. The instruction will be given to each man
individually, without times or motions, and in the following
manner.

29L The instructor will command:

Fire and load kn£Elino.

202. At thin command, the man on the right of the squad will
move forward three paces and halt; then carry the right foot to
the rear and to the right of the left heel, and in a ])OHition conve-
nient for placing the right knee upon the ground in bending the
left leg ; place the right knee upon the ground; lower the piece,
the left f<jre arm supported upon the thigh on tlio same side, the
right hand on the small of the stock, the butt resting on the right
thigh, the led hand supjtorting the piece m ar the lower Viand.

29.J. }lc will next move the right leg to the lefl .sirouml the knoo
supported on the ground, until this leg is nearly jtcrpendicular to
the direction of the left foot, and thus scat himself comfortably on
the right heol.

294. Itiiiso the piece vrith the right hand and wupjiort it with the
left, holding it near the lower band, the Icfl elbow resting on the
left thigh near the knee ; seize the hammer with tin- thumb, the
f)rc finger under the guard, crck and Beiz.e the pie< e at the Bmall
of the BUjck ; bring the piece to the shoulder, a\m and fire.



^2 SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER.



295. Bring the piece down as soon as it is fired, and support it
witli the left hand, the butt resting against the right thigh ; carry
the piece to the rear rising on the knee, the barrel downwards, the
l)utt resting on the ground ; in this position support the piece with
the left hand at the upper band, draw cartridge with the right and
load the piece, ramming the ball, if necessary, with both hands.

296. When loaded bring the piece to the front Avith the left
hand, which holds it at the upper band ; seize it at the same time
with the right hand at the smsiU of the stock ; turn the piece, the
barrel uppermost and nearly horizontal, the left elbow resting on
the left thigh ; half-cock, l*emove the old cq^ and prime, rise, and
return to the ranks.

297. The second man will then be taught what has just been
prescribed for the first, and so on through the remainder of the
squad.

Fire and load lying.

298. In this exorcise the squad will be in one rank and loaded :
the instruction will be given individually and without times or
motions.

299. The instructor will command :

Fire and load lying.

300. At this command, the man on the right of the squad will
move forward three paces and halt; he will then bring his piece
to an order, drop on both knees, and place himself on the ground
flat on his belly. In this position he wil Isupport the piece nearly
horizontal with the left hand, holding it near the lower band, the
butt end of the piece and the left elbow resting on the ground, the
barrel uppermost ; cock the piece with the right hand, and carry
this hand to the small of the stock ; raise the piece with both
hands, press the butt against the shoulder, and resting on both
elboAvs, aim and fire.

301. As soon as he has fired, bring the piece down and turn
upon his left, side, still resting on his left elbow; bring back the
piece until the cock is opposite his breast, the butt end resting on
the ground; take out a cartridge with the right hand; seize the
small of the stock with this hand, holding the cartridge with the
thumb and two first fingers ; he will then throw himself on his
back still holding the piece with both hands ; carry the piece to
the rear, place the butt between the heels, the barrel up, the muz-


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