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\a<y II s^. lie



l^arbarD ColUfle l.tl)rar9



FROM THE



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT



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H.O. No. 152



MEDITERRANEAN PILOT

Volume II



THE COAST OF FRANCE AND ITALY FROM CAPE

CERBERE TO CAPE SPARTIVENTO, TOGETHER

WITH THE TUSCAN ARCHIPELAGO. ISLANDS OF

CORSICA. SARDINIA. SICILY. AND THE

MALTESE ISLANDS



1917



PUBLISHED BY THE HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE

UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE

SECRETARY OF THE NAVY



WASHINGTON

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFHCE

1917



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^ 'i



^^/^



U w



Harvatd <MMe lilMry
J«ty 9. 1017

Gift «r

United Btatas Oeremsflnt



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^ . H. 0. Ho. 162.

A snminary of the Notices to Marinert alfectiiig this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1917, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.

Name -__

Address



H. 0. No. 152.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1918, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.

Name

Address



H. 0. No. 152.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1919, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.

Name

Address



H. 0. No. 152.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1920, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the United States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.

Name

Address

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H. 0. No. 152.

A smnmary of the Notioes to Xariners alfectiiig this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1921, will be sent free of expense npon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Offloe, Washington, D. C.



Name...
Address .



H. 0. No. 152.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1922, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.

Name

Address



H. 0. No. 152.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1923, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.



Name...
Address.



H. 0. No. 162.

A summary of the Notices to Mariners affecting this publication, pub-
lished during the year 1924, will be sent free of expense upon the receipt
of this coupon at the XTnited States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D. C.

Name

Address



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^•••••••*



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R



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PREFACE.



This publication comprises the south coast of France and the west
coast of Italy, from Cape Cerbirie to Cape Spartivento, including
Messina Strait, the islands of Sardinia, Corsica, the Tuscan Archi-
pelago, the islands of Sicily, Lipari or iEolian Islands, the Maltese
Islands, and the uSgadean Isles. This information contained herein
has been compiled from all available sources, but principally from
British Admiralty publications, Mediterranean Pilots, Volumes I
and II, and is corrected up to and including H. O. Notice to Mariners,
No. 53, 1916.

The bearings and courses are true and are given in degrees, from
0° (north) to 360° (clockwise).

Bearings limiting sectors of lights are toward the light.

The directions of winds refer to the points from which they blow ;
of currents, the points toward which they set. These directions are
true.

Variations, with the annual rate of change, may be obtained from
H. O. Chart No. 2406, Variation of the Compass.

Distances are expressed in nautical miles, the mile being approxi-
mately 2,000 yards.

Soundings are referred to low water ordinary springs.

Heights are referred to high water ordinary springs.

The latest information regarding lights, their characteristics,
sectors, fog signals, and submarine bells should always be sought in
the light lists.

Attention is invited to the coupons on the first page of this book,
which entitle the purchaser to a summary of the Notices to Mariners
affecting this publication. They will be ready for distribution as
soon as practicable after the first of each year beginning January,
1918.

Mariners are requested to notify the United States Hydrographic
Office, directly or through one of its branch offices, of any new infor-
mation obtained, or of any errors or omissions discovered in this
publication.



Ill



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CONTENTS.



PagtL

Preface m

Gloeeary vii,vin

Inionnation relating to navigational aids and general navigation 1

Index 619^

Index chart lacee.. ui

CHAPTER I.

General remarks— Winds and weather— Fog— Currents— Signal stations— Tides
and tidal signals — Radio stations — Submarine cables — Plbtage — Buoyage
S3rstem — Lights — Fishing vessels — ^Timny fisheries — Uniform time — ^Tele-
graph — Communications — ^Road&~-Coal — Naval dockyards and establish-
ments — Dock accommodations — ^Routes 21

CHAPTER II.
The south coast of France from Cape Cerb^ to Cape Martin 67

CHAPTER III.
Northwest coast of Italy — Cape Martin to Piombino— Gulf of Grenoa 17$

CHAPTER IV.
West coast of Italy — Piombino to Cape Spartivento — ^Messina Strait 233^

CHAPTER V.

Corsica Island and the Tuscan Archipelago 319-

CHAPTER VI.
The island of Sardinia 391

CHAPTER VII.

The Sicily and Malta Channels— The^ltese Islandsr-The ^Bga^ean leleetrnd
the west and south coasts of Sicily 467

CHAPTER VIII.

The east coiist of Sicily, the Lipari or .£olian Islands, and the north coast of

Sicily 53a

Appendix 1 601

Appendix II 60a

Appendix III 604

Appendix IV 60e

Appendix V 609

Appendix VI 6ia

Appendix VII 611

Appendix VIII 613

Appendix IX 615^

Index 61^



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GLOSSARIES OF WORDS OCCURRING IN THE CHARTS AND IN
THE SAILING DIRECTIONS.



FRENCH.



French.



Aiguille

Aimatit^, ...

Anse

Atterriasage.
Avftntport..

Azur

Babord

Bale

Balisage

Baliae

Banc

Bane



Basse mer

Baasin

Bassinliflot

Bassin d'^hooage. .



Bateau de sauvetage.

Blanc, he

Bleu, e

Bouo&e

Bou^

Bou^& cloche

Bou^ k sifflet

Bou^ lumineuse

Boussole

BrouUlard

Brume

Caboteur

Calederadoub

Cap

Chapelle

Charbon

Chasse



ChAteau

Chauss^

Chemln de fer.

Chemln^

Chenal

Clocher

CoUJne

Compas..
Coquilles...".*.

C6te

Courant



Courant deflot

Courant de Jusant

Crique

Crue ,

Declinalson mag-

netique.

Douane

Echelle

Echelle de mar^

Ecluse

fccuell

felise

Encablure

Bntr^

Escarp^, e

6tele



English.



French.



English.



^tiage...
^tler. . , .



Needle.

Magnetic.

Bay, creek.

Making the land.

Outer port.

Blue.

Port.

Bay, gulf.

Beaconage.

Beacon.

Bank, sand bank.

Bar.

Shoal.

ho7f water.

Basin, dock.

Wet basin or dock.

Tidal badin where vessels
ground.

Lifeboat.

White.

Blue.

M<mth of a river.

Buoy,

Bellbuoy.

Whlstlebuoy.

Lightbuoy.

Compass.

Fog, mist.

Fog.

Coaster.

Patent slip.

Cape, headland.

Chapel.

Coal.

A rapid discharge of water
from a reservoir in order
to clear out a channel.

Castle.

Bank, causeway.

Railway.

Chimnev.

Channel.

Steeple.

Hill.

Compass.

Shells.

Coast.

Curr«nt, stream; a name
given to streams flowing
into the sea between
Arcachon and Cap Bre-
ton.

Flood tidal stream.

Ebb tidal stream.

Creek.

Freshet or flood. /

Magnetic declination or
variation.

Cifitomhouse.

Scale.

Tide gauge.

Lock of a canal or basin.

Rock, breaker.

Church,

Cable's length.

Entrance, mouth of a river

Bluff.

(Of tide) slack; (of wind)
settled.

Lake. ,

Hoisted (as a sail, flag, or
time ball).

Low-water mark of a river. I

A creek which can receive |
small vessels; a conduit
by which salt water
enters a lake to be trans-
formed into salt.



Falaise

Fanal

Feu

Feu permanent

Fin,e

F16che

Fleuve

Flot

Foe

Fond

Forme de radoub . . .

Fosse

Gare

Oolfe

Qoulet

Grand, e

Oravier

Grildecarenage

Gros

Haut-fond

Haute mer

Houle

ile

flot

Jaune

Jusant

Lac

Madrague

Marais

Mar^

Mar^e descendante .

Mar^emontante

M&t

Menhir



M61e

Molle

Mont

Morteseaux...

Mouillage

Moulin

Mur

Musoir

Niveau

Noeud

Noir,e

Occidental, e..

Onde

Oriental, e



Patente de sant4.

Pertuis

Petit, e

Phare

Pic

Pierre

Plgnon

Pilot*

Pin

Plage

Plateau



Pleine mer

Pointe

Pont

Port

Presqu'Ue

Qua!

Rade

Rafale

B.ea (Bos Breton).



Rivi^^e.



Cliff.

Harbor lighthouse.

Lieht.

A light constantly burning

and unwatched.
Fine.
Spire.

River, stream.
Flood.
Jib (sail).
Bottom.
Dry dock.
Ditch, a deep.
SUtion.
Gulf.

Narrow entrance.
Great.
Gravel.
Gridiron.
Coarse.
A shoal.
High water.
SweU.
Island, isle.
Islet.
Yellow.
Ebb.
Lake.

Tunny net.
Swamp, marsh.
Tide.

Falling tide.
Rising tide.
Mast.
A large raised stone, the

erection of which may be

traced to antiquity.

(From the Celtic, maen,

stone; hir, high.)
Mole, pier.
Soft

Mountain.
Neap tides.
Anchorage.
Mill.
Wall.

Mole or pierhead.
Level.
Knot.
Black.
Western.
Wave.
Eastern.
Channel.
Bill of health.
Opening or strait.
Small.
Lighthouse.
Peak.
Stone.
Gable.
Pilot.

Pine or flr tree.
Shore, beach.
Tableland, or flat below

water.
High water.
Point.

Bridge, deck.
Port, harbor.
Penisula.
Quav, wharf.
Roa^. roadstead.
Squall.
A name given to a violent

tidal stream in a narrow

passage.
River.



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vm



GLOSSARIES.
FRENCH— Continued.



French.


English.


French.


English.


Roche


Rock.

Rock.

Red.

Sand.

Salt-water lagoon, salt

works.
SUl (as of a dock).
Time, weather.
Tower.
Small tower, turret.


Tribord


Starboard.


Rocher


Usine


Factory.
Mud.


Rouge


Vase


Sable


Vent


Wind.


Salines




Vard.




Vert


Green.


Seuil


Vieux,vieU,vieme....
Village . .


Old ancient


Tffnps


Village.
Town.


Tour


Vllle


Tourelle


Vives eaux


Spring tides.







ITALIAN.



Acqua ,

Acquitrino

Albero

Allerta

Alto, a

Alzata..

Ancoraggio

Ansa

Approdo

Arena

Argilla

Bacino

Baia, Baja

Balsa

Banco

Barra

Battello

Bianco

Boa

B<5ccaorBocche..

Boye

Braccio di O piedi

Burrasca

Cala, Calanca

Campanile

Canal

Capo

Carbon fossile

Caricatori

Casino

Castel,Castello....

Chiesa

Cima

Citta

Colle

CorpodiOuardia.

Corto,a

D&rsena

Dog&na

Erto

Fanale

Fanno

FAro

Faro

Ferro

Ferrovia

Fisso

Fium&ra

Fiume

Fiumicino

Folgori

Fondo

Forte

Fortezza

Gavitello ,...

Ohiaccio

Ohiaja

Girante

Golfo

Or&do

Grande

Guado

Imboccatura



Water; a river with some
important tributaries.

Swamp.

Tree, mast.

Lookout.

High, lofty.

Embankment.

Ancorage.

Creek.

Landing place.

Sand.

Clay.

Basin.

Bay.

Rock.

Sand bank.

Bar.

Small boat.

White.

Buoy.

The mouth or entrance
channel to a river, bay,
or harbor.

A buoy.

Fathom.

Squall.

Creek or small bay.

Belfry, tower.

A passage or channel.

Cape or headland.

Coal.

A loading or shipping place.

Country house.

Castle.

Church.

Summit.

City.

Hill.

Guardhouse.

Short.

A wet dock or basin.

Customhouse.

Steep.

Light.

Mud.

Lighthouse.

Strait.

Iron.

Railway.

Fixed.

River.

River.

Rivulet.

Flashing.

Deep bottom.

Fort.

Fortress.

Buoy.

Ice.

Gravel.

Revolving.

Gulf,or large bay.

A step or landing place.

Great.

Ford.

Mouth of a river.



I^la

Isoletto...

Istmo

Lago

Lazaretto.
Levante..

Lume

Marea

Marina....



Meda

Molino, Mulino

Monte

Moro

Muro

Nero

Norte

Nuovo

Nuraghe, Sardinian .

Palude



Penisola

1 Piano

Pianura

Piazza

, Piccolo

Pietra

Pioggia

Plana and Plana...

Ponente

Ponte

P6rta

Pdrto

Posta della lettere.

Punta

Rada

Riva

Rocca

Rosso

Sabia

Salina



Sanita.



Scala

Scogli....
Scogliera.
Sc^glio...

Secoa

Selva

Seno

Stagno...

Strada

Stretto. . .

Testa

Tonnara..
Torr^nte.



T6rre...
Valle....
Vecchia.
Vento. . .
Verde...
Via



Island.

Islet.

Isthmus.

Lake.

Quarantine quarters.

East.

Light.

Tide.

Seashore, strand, a marine
esplanade or landing
place.

Beacon.

Mill.

Mountain.

Headland.

A wall; a house.

Black.

North.

New.

Ancient round tower or
dwelling.

Marsh, bog.

Channel.

Peninsula.

Flat, level, low.

Plain.

Square, market.

Little.

Stone.

Rain.

A plain, seashore, a beach.

West.

Bridge.

An entrance gate.

Port or harbor.

Post oflSce

Point, peak.

Roadstead.

Shore, coast.

Rock.

Red.

Sand.

Salt-water lagoons, sal-
terns, saltpans.

Health ofBce.

Stone.

Landing place or stairs.

Rock awash.

Reef of rocks.

Rock above water.

Sand bank, shallows.

Forest.

Creek or small bay.

Salt lake.

Road.

Strait.

Head of a rock.

Tunny fishery.

Watercourse, rushing
stream.

Tower.

Valley.

Old.

Wind.

Green.

Road.



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POINTS OF THE COMPASS OF THE CHIEF MARITIME COUNTRIES
IN THE WESTERN BASIN OF THE MEDITERRANEAN.




North

N.byE

N.N.E....
N.E.byN..

N.E

N.E.byE.

E.N.E

E.byN

East

E.byS

E.S.E

S.E. byE.

S.E

S. E.byS..

S.S. E

S. byE



South.



S, by W

s. s. w

S. W. byS..

S. W

S. W. by W.

W.S.W

W.byS



West

W.byN

W. N. W

N.W, by W..
N.W.



N. W. by N . .

N.N.W.

N.byW

CompaaB card .



Norte

N. c.N.E.
N.N. E...
N.E. C.N.

N.E

N. E. c. E.
E. N. E....
E. c. N. E.

Eete

E. c. S. E.
E.S.E....
S. E. c. E.

S.E

S.E. e.g..

S. S. E

S.c. S. E..

Sur



S.c. S. O...

S. S.O

S. O. c. S...

S.O

S.O. c. O..

O.S.O

O. c. S. O..



Nord

N. q.N.E

N.N. E...

N. E. q. N

; N.E

t N. E. q.E.
I E. N. E....
I E. q. N. E.



Oeste

O.C.N. O...

O.N. O

N. O. c. O...

N.O

N. O.C.N. .

N.N.O

N. c. N.O..
Roea d^ Com-
pas.



Est

E. q. S. E..

E.3.E

S.E. q.E..

S.E

S. E.q. S..

S. S. E

S. q. S. E..



Sud.



S. q. S. O

S. S. O

S.O.q. S

S.O

S. O. q. O...

O.S.O

O. q. S. O...



Ouest

O.q.N.O....

O.N.O

N.O.q.O....

N.O

N. O. q. N...

N.N. 6

N.q.N.O....
Rose de Vents



Italian.



Tramontana.

T. q.G

G.T

G. q.T

Greco

G.q. L

G.L

L. q, G



Levante

L.q.S

S.L

S.q.L

Scirocco

S.q.O.,orS.q.M.
O.S., orM. S...
0.q.S.,orM.q.S.



German, by
Austria.



Norden.
N. z. O.
N.N.O.
N. O. B. N.
N.O.

N. O. z. O.
O. N. O.
O.Z.N.

Osten.
O. z. S.
O. S. O.
S. O. z. O.
S.O.
S. O. z. S.

s. s. o.

S. z. O.
Suden.



Ostro, or Mezzo

Giomo.

0.q.L.,orM.q.L I S. z. W.

O.L.,orM. L... S. S. W.

L.q.O.,or L.q.M S. W.

Libecio S. W. z. S.

L.q.P S. W.z. W.

P.L W.S. W.

P. q. L W. z. S.



Ponente...
P. q.M...

P.M

M. q. P...
Maestro.



M. g. T. .
M.T



T. q. M

Rosa della Bus-
sola, or Fiore del
Mondo.



Westen.
W.Z.N.

W. N. W.
N. W. z. W.
N.W.

N.W. Z.N.
N.N. W.
N. z. W.
Compass Rose.



Notes. — On the Spanish compass c. stands for cuarto, or J; on the French, q. for
quart, or i; and on the Italian, q. for quarto, or i; thus the Italian T. a. G. signifies
Tramontana quarto, or } Greco, or N., a quarter of the N. E. division of the compass
of 45°, which is expressed by the English N. by E. In the German compass, z. is
the abbreviation of zu or zum for the English equivalent "by."



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roORMATION REUTING TO NAVIGATIONAL AIDS
AND GENERAL NAVIGATION.



the correction of charts, ught usts, and
sahjIno directions.

TRie f oDowing publications are issued by the United States Hydro-
graphic Office as guides to navigation: Charts, Chart Catalogues,
Sailing Directions, Light Lists, Tide Tables, Notices to Mariners,
Pilot Charts, and Hydrographic Bulletins. Of these, the Notices to
Mariners and the Hydrographic Bulletins are free to mariners and
others interested in shipping. The Pilot Charts are free to con-
tributors of professional information, but are sold to the general
public at 10 cents a copy. The other publications of the office are
sold under the law at cost price.

The Charts, the Sailing Directions, and the Light Lists are all
affected by continual changes and alterations, concerning which
information from all parts of the world is published weekly in the
Notices to Mariners.

The charts are always corrected for all available information up to
vhe date of issue stamped upon them; and the Light Lasts should be
noted for the recent alterations and additions. The Sailing Direc-
tions, however, can not, from their nature, be so fully corrected, and
in all cases where they differ from the charts, the charts must be
i^ken as the guide.

Charts. — ^When issued from the Hydrographic Office, the charts
have received all necessary corrections to date.

All small but important corrections that can be made by hand are
given in the Notices to Mariners, and should at once be placed on
the charts to which they refer.

Extensive corrections that can not be conveniently thus made are
put upon the plates, and new copies are put on sale. Masters of vessels
are urged to replace the old charts, which should be destroyed to pre-
vent the possibiUty of their being used in the navigation of the ship.

The dates on which extensive corrections are made are noted on
the chart on the right of the middle of the lower edge; those of the
smaller corrections at the left lower comers.

The edition, and corresponding date, of the chart will be foimd in
the right lower corner^ outside the outer neat line.

68860—17 1 1



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2 QBHEBAL NAVIQATION.

In all cases of quotations of charts, these dates of corrections
should be given, as well as the number of the chart (found in the
lower right and upper left comers), in order that the edition of the
chart referred to may be known.

The Light Lists are corrected before issue, and all changes are
published in the weekly Notices to Mariners.

The navigating officer should make notations in the tabular form
in the Light Lists and paste in at the appropriate places slips from
the Notices to Mariners.

The Light Lists should always be consulted as to the details of
a light, as the description in the sailing directions is not complete,
and may be obsolete, in consequence of changes since publication.

The Sailing Directions or Pilots are kept corrected by addenda;
and subsequent to date of last addenda, they should be kept corrected
by means of* the Notices to Mariners. SaiUng Directions issued to
naval vessels carry with them an envelope containing shps of correc-
tions up to date of issue.

Addenda are pubhshed from time to time, and contain a summary
of all the information received up to date since the pubUcation of the
volume to which they refer, canceling all previous Notices to
Mariners.

To enable the books to be more conveniently corrected, addenda
and Notices to Mariners are printed on one side only, and two copies
of the latter are issued to each naval vessel, one to be cut and the
slips pasted in at the appropriate places, the other to be retained
intact for reference.

To paste in the shps, as the Notices to Mariners are received, is one
of the duties of the navigating officer, demanding faithful attention.

It must, however, be understood that Sailing Directions wiU
rarely be correct in all details, and that, as already stated, when
differences exist, the chart, which should be corrected from the
most recent information, should be taken as the guide, for which
purpose, for ordinary navigation, it is sufficient.

The Tide Tables, which are published annually by the United
States Coast and Geodetic Survey, give the predicted times and
heights of the high and the low waters for every day in the year
at 70 of the principal ports of the world, and, through the medium
of these by means of tidal differences and ratios, at a very large
number of subordinate ports. The tables for the Atlantic and the
Pacific coast ports of the United States are also pubhshed separately.

It should be remembered that these tables aim to give the times
of high and low water, and not the times of turning of the current
or of slack water, which may be quite different.

Notices to Mariners, containing fresh information pertaining
to all parts of the world, axe published weekly and mailed to ail

Digitized byLjOOQlC



GBKEBAL KAYIQATION. 3

United States ships in commission, Branch Hydrographic offices
and agencies, and United States consulates. Copies are furnished
free by the main office or by any of the branch offices on appUcation.

With each Notice to naval vessels is sent also a separate sheet,
giving the items relating to lights contained in the latest Notice,
intended especially for use in correcting the Light Lists.

Pilot Charts of the North Atlantic, Central American Waters,
and North Pacific and Indian Oceans are published each month,
and of the South Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans each quarter.



Online LibraryUnited States. Navy Dept United States. Hydrographic OfficeMediterranean pilot, Volume 2 → online text (page 1 of 72)