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nuls G G^* springs H, holding-down bars J J, and wagon body A, all arranged and operating
substantially as and for the purposes described.

Second, suspending the stretciiers E E upon poles e <;, arranged and supported upon springs
substantially in the manner herein described.

No. 39,461. — Laura M. Bronson, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Fastening f'>r
Studs and Buttons.— F&tent issued August 11, 1U63; antedated December 31, 1862.— The
invention consists in making the button of a metal ring or S-shaped wire, with a portion so
arranged as to form a cross-bar to the other portion, the part so formed being bent in the
middle so as to form a counter eye or rest for tne button eye, so that it may remain fixed in
place, and not work or slide upon the bar.

Claim. — ^The ring or S-shaped wire of metal with the cross-bar and counter eye, as shown
and for the purposes set forth as specified. -

No. 39,462.— William Feijx Brown, of New Bedford, 'Mr^,— Improvement in Invalid
Back' Rests. —Vateni dated August 11, 186.J. — This rest consists of a cushioned and spring
frame, backed with cloth or felt, and retiuned in any desired position by a hinc^ frame
underneath, the latter inclined more or less by latches pivoted to the upper memoer of the
swinging frame, and falling into notches on the lower member of the same.

Claim. — An improved invalid back-rest as made of a cushioned frame D, a series of
helical springs F F, an auxiliaiy frame E, a covering of cloth or ratan A, and the two frames
A B (hinged together and provided with a latching apparatus,) arranged in manner and so
as to operate as specified.

No. 39,463.— W. W. BURSON, of Atkinson^ Henry conntV, T\\,-^Improvenunt in Grain
Binders. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — This machine binds the grain wire with apon the
reaper platform ; the gavel having been placed thereon, the handle of the wire lever is shoved
forward, the ratchet rod acts contmnously to tighten the wire, the cam rod presses the slido,
forcing the wire into position, and the spring compressors are thrown around the gavel, re-
leasing the strain on the wire; the crank Pis then grasped, the finger depressing the spring
y, acting apon the strap catch W, raises it out of the notch, and ue crank is turned one
revolntion; this turns the pinion T, the cam of which raises a hook, opeping the jaws of the
plyers, assisting the spring in cutting the wire. It is then fastened by the rotation of the
twisting cl|iws ; the lever A is raised, and the sheaf removed with the foot.

Claim, — First, the combination of the wire-lever A and double gprooved supports B B over-
hanging the gavel, constructed and operating substantially as described.

Second, the combination of the slide D, cam-rod' I, and lever A, acting sabstantially as
described and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combination of the spring-rod x and coil-spring T, with lever A and slide D,
acting as set forth.

Fourth, the combination of the spring pliers i, slide D, and twisting claws e, sabstantially
as described.



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582 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

FifUi, the combination of the ratchet rods L L', ratchet pulley M, springs O O , and lever
A, acting 8abstantiaU7 as described, and for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the combination of the spool Q, wire-covenng belt H, and bar Q, subslantiallj m
set forth.

Seventh, the combination of the crank P, spring U, rod m, drop catch W, and whed T,
ac^g snbstaotiailT as described.

Eighth, the combination of the hook «, cam <2, and pliers (, acting sabstaatiaUy as de-
scribed and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,464.— H. M. & W. W. BURSON, of Atkinson, Hl—Improvenusnttn OrainForh.^
Patent issued Au^pist 1], 1863; antedated July 3, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in
making a sliding pitman in the handle of the fork, the protrusion oif which projects a thumb,
which clasps the gavel as in a hand.

Claim. — First, attaching to a grain fork tbe clasp C, for the purpose set forth.

Second, the combination of the handle A, fork B, clasp C, and pitman D, acting substan-
tially as described and for the purpose set fprth.

No. 39,465.-8. S. and Danporth Cheney, of Galesburg, Knox county, Hh— Improved
Lathe far Turmmg Loeomatwe Crank Fins.— Patent dated August 11, 1863.— To tbe face of tbe
vfhoel, spanning the hub, is a bridge secured to the spokes ; shdes across this afford a mean^
of a^'ustment &r a head, which. spans centrally the crank pin. Within this circular head is
a rotating frame, pivoted %t its outer end in a frame, which likewise supports the driving
gearing, which rotates the frame, in a rod of which latter is a slide carrying the cutter.

Claim. — ^The plates A D, in connexion with the revolving tool or cutter frame composed
of the ring I, disk r , and rods s, and provided with a sliding head H, having a tool stock a'
attached to it and operated through the medium of the screw v, star wheel r , and piu lo, all
arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,466.— M. C. Coo.swell and A. G. Williams, of Buffiedo, N. Y, —Improvement iu
Orain Dryn'M. — Patent dated Au^t II, 1863. — The case, in which the cylinder with its
radial wings revolves, has an opening on one side above the centre in such a way that as the
grain is carried round it cannot be crowded out, but all volatile or li^t matter may freely
pass. The grain is fed in at one end of the case and discharged at an orifice at the other
t-nd, being exposed in its passage to a longitudinal passage way or slit for evaporation and
removal of dust.

Claim. — An orifice or opening made at the side of the case, in such a manner that it will
open upwardly and prevent the grain from passing out, and at the same time increase the
pressure and effectiveness of the air within, and also allow the evaporation, dust, air, &.c,
to escape, substantially as set forth.

Also, fhe jacket B (with or without its lid l/) in combination with the case A, for the pur-
poses and substantially as described.

No. 39,467. — ^D. M. Cook, of Mansfield, Richland county, Ohio. — Improvement in Cane
Mills. — Patent dated August 11, 1863.— This invention consists in making the rollers of a
circular wedge form, or with deep angular corrugations fitting corresponding wedgo-shaped
protuberances on the other rollers, presenting laige crushing surfaces which act so as to
splinter the rind of the cane, but not break it transversely, and to expose the pith without
forcing out the bitter, albuminous and coloring matter of the rind ; sumcient fnction is pro-
duced between the rollers that the motion of the one driven by the pulley is communicated
to the others without the intervention of gearing. A diiector plate, between the two aux-
iliary rollers, fitting the outline of their shape, b placed vertically between them so as to direct
the cane between tne second cru»hing surfaces, and a scraper is placed in connexion with the
primary roller to remove adhering matter.

Claim.'-Vlni, the matching circular wedges arranged on and constituting the splintering
and expressing surfaces of a roller-oane mill, subatantialiy as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, a roUer-cane mill constructed to operate upon the cane widi the one sories of in-
terlocking rolls, in the manner set forth.

Third, splintering cane, expressing the juice therefrom, driving the ungeared rolls and re-
lieving the ioumals of the roils, by means of circular wedges, as set forth.

Fourth, the combination of the rollers, director and scraper/, all constructed and arrunged
•ubstantially as desbribed.

No. 39,468.— C. T. Day, of Newark, N. J.—Improved FoMtemng for «fail«.— Patent
dated August 1 1, 1863. — ^This improvement consists of a method of securing the skate to the
boot, by meMw of approachine clamps which grasp the sole and heeL Clamping jaws are
attached to two plates, from which depend pins which traverse in eccentric slots in ^circular
rotating plate. As the pins traverse, they approach each other and cause the jaws to impinge
upon the sole and heel, and the parts are held in position, a pin traversing an eccentric slot
in the plate.

Ctotm— Operating or adjusting the bars D, which have the jaws d, at their ends throu|fh
the medium of the circular plates £, arranged so as to torn on pivots g, and provided vrith



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COMnSSIONER OF PATENTS. 583

eccentric slots/ into winch pendent pins a, at the inner ends of the bars D, are fitted, sub-
stantially as and for the parpose set forA.

Also, holding the plates E, and eonsequentlj the jaws d, in proper position by means ef
the pendent screws i, attached to the plates C, and passinpp throngh eccentric slots t in the
plates and having tnnmb-nats F fitted on them substantiallj as described.

No. :)9, 469.— George Draper, of Milford, Worcester coimtj, Mass.— /ntjHvrsniMt im
'Lu^Jf Merhutism for Loom$, — Patent dated Angnst 11, 1863. — ^This device operates by a
detent and escape wheel, to let off yam from the beam, and at the same time to prerent the
beats of the ree^ of the lay against the cloth from operating to cause the ** let-on" mechan-
ism to let off yam from the b^am. The action of the let-off is arrested while beating np
with the lay, and the recession of the lay allows the let-off mechanism to be operated by the
stmin of the warps and cloth.

Claim. — ^A combination consisting not only of the escapement detent lever k, its wheel t,
and the apparatos as described for depressing or operating such detent lever, but of a stop-



ping mecbnnism, (vis., the lever G and its connectmg n^l I,) to be operated by the lay, or
whue the lay may be beaten np, the whole bcdng anting - ^ ■«



J ammged sabstantially as and for the par-
pose specified.

No. 39,470. — Alfred Edwards, of Chicago, HI. — hnpravement in the Construetidn of
ShMt'Metal Tafi&«.— Patent issued August 11, 1863; antedated Mav 18, 1863.— Two sides
and the bottom being cut of suitable shape, out of a sheet of metal, the remaining two ends
and the bottom are cut as before ; the bottoms beinff laid over each other, and the sides, ^ke.,
bent up. The angles are joined, or lapped, according to the shape they have been cut,
miking a receptable of two pieces of sheet metal with a double bottom.

Claim, — ^Not only the constmction of a receptacle with a double bottom, by means of cut-
ting and bending two pieces of the material, d&c, in the manner as set forth and described,
but also b V means of cutting and bending any number of pieces according to the size and
shape of the receptacle ; the pieces in all cases to be laid crosswise on each other, so as to
form a bottom of two or more thicknesses.

No. 39,471.— H09EA Elliott, of New York, N. Y.—fmvrovemtnt t« Ligluing Street
Lamju. — ^Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^This consists of a lamp and case; tne former is
capable of being tilted by a thumb-piece and connecting rod so as to project the wick tube
and light outside of the case, opening the hinged door tor the purpose ; and on the return of
the lamp to its vertical position the ooor is clewed by a spring.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the tilting lamp A, in combination with the case C, self-
closing door <2, pole B, and thumb-piece D, all constracted and operating in the manner and
for the purpose substantially as shown and described.

No. 39,472.— B. B. Frrrs, of Philadelphia, Vtk.—Improcememt in Treating Night-Soil

^or AgriaUtural Purposes,— Fhient issued Au^st 11, ]86:{; antedated December 19, 1862.—

?he improvement consists in fermenting the night-soil in close vessels connected with a g^-

xeceiving chamber, precipitating the fertilizing matters of the urine with solid fecal matter,

ab«orbing the gases with sulphate of lime and charcoal, mixing the compound with the £B«al

matter, and reducing all to a pulverulent condition.

Claim, — ^The process herein described and specified, for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,473.— Addison C. Fletcher, of New York, N. Y.— /m;»r(w«rf Paddle Wheel,—
Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^Tbe frame of the wheel consists of three rings, and the
floats consist of curved plates attached between the rings, arranged in series, and alternating
on each side of the central ring.

Claim, — The constmction of a paddle-wheel with alternating narrow semi-parabolic or
curvilinear buckets D E F, arranmsd in series as described, and ringn C C C, outside of and
between the said buckets, Uie whole combined tmd arranged substantially as herein described.

No. 39,474.— Hannibal Folsow, of Milford, ^ms.— -Improvement in Welt Guide for
Sewing Machine, — ^Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The welt guide Is made with a bottom
plate and end wall and a top plate ; the distance between the upper and lower plate being
sufficient to allow the welts to pass easily through, while the tension is produced upon them
by a spring which, projecting through the lower plate, presses the welt against tne uppor
surface.

Claim,— la combination with the ^uge B, the welt guide C, made with the bearing
surfaces ah e^ and with a spring /, or its eouivalent, for keeping the welt in lateral position,
and for creating tension upon it, as set fbrttu

No. 39,475.— E. T. FoRD, of Stillwater, Saratoga coun^, N. Y .^hnpro^tememt in Potato
Diggers,— PaXerxt issued August 11, 1863; antedated October 28, 1862.— A frame on wheels
canios two vertical shafU, armed with teeth and scrapers, respectivelv, which rake and
separate the potatoes out of the earth, which is raised by the broad, flat share. A yoke
carrying plough-shares is suspended forward of the wheels, to throw a furrow slice outward
on each side.



^1



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584 A17NUAL RBPQBT OF THB

Claim. — First, the combination and arrangement of the two rotatine wheels, one anned
with teeth a a a «, the other with scraoer blades K K, seporatelj or combined, the f^sme C C
and the divider D, all constmcted ana operating substantiallj as and for the purpose above
described.

Second, and in combination with the above, the arrangement of the yoke G, ploughs F F,
flange 8 r, lever H, gauge bar t, double flange Y, and driving wheels A A, as and for the
purpose above described.

No. 39,476.— John C. Fuller, of Chicago, JXL— Improvement in Moumtin^ Arti/tdal
T««M.— Patent dated August 11, 1863. —This dental plate consists of a/ubber base and
poroelain alveolar process enveloping the fangs of the teeth, and a platina plate between the
gums and the base, to which the teeth are anchored by pins.

Claim, — First, constructing a platina or other metalbc base plate for the teeth and ffums,
with grooves and hooks, or other suitable anchorages, in the trough of this pktte, substan-
tially as described.

Second, the combination of continuous porcelain gum a, having the teeth b affixed therein
substantially as described, with a vulcanized rubber base, substantially as and for the pur-
poses herein described.

No. 39,477.— Thomas Garrick, of Providence, E. 1,— Improved Spur for Hor$emen'$
V$e. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The shank is screwed into the heel of the boot, and
thereby compresses the points on the clamps into the leather, so as to bind the sections of
leather together and retain the spur in position.

Claim, — The improved spur for horsemen's use described, consisting of a spur with a
screw shank D and a compressing and supporting clamp B, provided with the spur points
• « «, or their equivalents, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

No. 39,478.— R.W. Grebn, of Bradford, McKean county, Ftk,'-Improvement in Dump-
ing Wagons. — Patent dated August 11, J863.— The invention consists of a waeon with a
semi-cylindrical bed, having a longitudinal orifice in the bottom, which is closed with seg-
mental doors attached by arms to a centre of rotation, and capable of being vibrated by
windlass and cham, so as to open the bottom and discharge the contents of the bed.

Claim. — The box or body of the dumper, constructed with circular sides J J and hinged
sections M M, in combination with the pivoted frames K E, all arranged and operating
substantially as and for the purposes specified.

4

No. 39,479.— Henry Gross, of Tiffin, Seneca county, Ohio,-~Improvem:ent in Breeeh-
loading Fire-arms, — Patent' dated August 11, 1863. — ^This fire-arm has a movable breecji
plug connected to and moving with the lever guard, for opening and closing the breech of
the barrel, and allowing the insertion of the cartridge. On the forward end of the breech
plug is a projection fitting within an enlargement at the rear of the barrel when driven
home. The operation is performed by the vibration of the trigger-guard, which is pivoted
to the breech plug eccentncally, so as to withdraw or project the plug in a rectilineal line
until it is out of range of the bore. Above the breech plug* and connected to it, is a plate

Sivoted to the stock, which, when depressed, forms a guide for the insertion of the cartridge.
. segment on the eccentric closes behind the plug when locked for firing.

Claim. — ^I'Mrst, as an auxiliary device to a breech-loading fire-arm operating substantiallj
OS described, the pivoted guide £ working in the slot D, and maintaining during its up and
down movement in the path of a circle a close relation between its forward end and the breech
end of the gun barrel, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, connecting the plug-carrier F to the ^de £, substantially as described.

Third, the construction of the slot D, with its face a concentric with the axis a' of the
guide £, in combination with the auxiliary device £ and breech-piece F c, substantially as
and for the purpose described.

Fourth, a breech-piece F, with plug c on its front end, made so as to receive an eccentric
within it, and to wholly encircle tne same, and also to admit a wedge segment J in rear of
it, and likewise to admit a euide £ above it, all substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Fifth, the combination of the guide £, sliding segment F, and eccentric G, substantiallj
as described.

Sixth, the combination of the lever H, segment J, eccentric G, breech-piece F c, space-
closing device £, and peculiarly-formed slot D, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,480.— W. H. Gwynne, of White Plains, Westchester county, N. Y. ^Improvement
in the Manufacture of Water-Gas, — ^Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The steam is decom-
posed' by being passed through molten metal, for the purpose of obtaining the hydrogen for
illuminating purposes.

C/atm.— Passing steam, superheated or otherwise, through melted metal or ores, for tho
purposes described and shown.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 585

No. 39,481.— Joseph Cbarles Howblls, of Waahingfon, D. C,^ Improvement in Fill-
ing Moulds with Vuleanizobte Gums. — ^Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The vulcanizable
gam is contained in a sjringe, and injected into the space between the upper and lower parts
of the flask, whose surfaces represent the required configuration.

Claim, — ^The introduotion of Tulcanizable gums into moulds or flasks by injection, sub-
stantially as set forth, and by the apparatus herein described, or its equivalent.

No. 39,482.~J0SEPH Charlbs Howells, of Washington, D. C— Improvement in Secret
Pockets of Wearing Apparel. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The improvement consists
in providing the jjtocket with a lapel independent of the ordinary one, the former one covering
a secret pocket.

Claim. — ^A secret lapelled pocket to be worn in garments, substantially as specified and
herein set forth.

No. 39,483. — ^H. R. Huis, of Hayward's, Alameda county, Cal. — Improvement in Gang'
Ploughs. — ^Patent dated August 11, 1863.— The olou^h frame is mounted upon a crank axle
on wheels, and the crank is caused to rotate unaer the vibration of the lever, so as to raise
and lower the beam and vaiy the depth of the furrow. By means of the slotted oval and
the projecting pin from the axle, the position of one wheel ma^ be relatively lowered, so as
to run m a furrow and preserve' the machine in a horizontal position.

Claim. — The peculiar arrangement, construction, and application of the axle D and arm
E, the slotted oval a, and the spring slide and lever A B, lor the purpose herein specified
and described.

No. 39,484. — Richard Kuhps, of St. Louis* Mo.— /m»r/>»c<i Smoothinf-lron.—Tatenji
dated August 1 1, 1863. — ^This smoothing-iron is constructed with a grating in the bottom, a
register plate in the rear, a hinged lid, and ventilating apertures on the upper part of the
siaes, under the edge of the lid.

Claim.— The arrangement and combination of the body A, spaces a, hin^ lid B, and
gnrate gy all bein^ constructed, arranged, and adjusted to operate substantially as herein
■hown and specihed, for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,485.— Robert H. Lecky, of Allegheny, Psl.— Improvement in Piston Valves for
Steam Engines. — Patent dated August 11, 1863.— In this invention the steam is introduced
and exhausted between piston valves in a cylindrical valve-chest so arranged that the pres-
sure is always equal in both directions.

Claim. — The arrangement of the open end side pipe or steam chest C, heads g g and F F
on the valve rod E, exhaust openings h A, and steam ports i i, the whole being arranged*
constructed, and operated substantiaiiy as herein described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,486.— Conrad Liebrich, of Philadelphia, T&.—Improvement in Padlocks. - VdX'
ent dated August Jl, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the construction and operation of
the lever, which is so operated by the bit of the key as to eject the loop of the shackle when
the bolt is withdrawn, and retain the latter. For this purpose it rocks upon a pivot, under
the pressure of the key, which likewise raises and adjusts the tumblers and springs the bolt.

Claim. — The lever D, in combination with the shackle B and the spring n, or its equiva-
lent, when the said lever is formed and hung to the lock substantially as set forth, u>r the
twofold purpose of throwing up the shackle when the bolt is withdrawn from the same, and
of retaimog the bolt when withdrawn, as described.

Also, forming on the lever D a projection t, arranged substantially as described, so as to
serve the purpose of a cross-ward.

No. 39,487.— Marvin Lincoln, of Maiden, Mass.— /m/mn^emenl in Artificial Arms.—
Patent dated Aug^t 11, 1863.— The fore and upper arm are hinged together and provided
internally with a lock plate and catch to retain tnem in a flexed position when required ; to
release the forearm, a projecting catch is touched which releases the lock plate and allows
the aim to swing ; to msten it flexed, it is thrown forward, when the lock catches of itself.
The hand is secured on to the forearm, and the fin^rs and hand are made rigid, and in a
.gprasping position ; the thumb has a constantly actmg internal spring and retains articles
placed in the gitisp between the thumb and fingers.

Claim. — ^Applying to an artificial arm a detachable hand made capable in itself of holding
and erasping in the manner as set forth, and of being removed for the attachment of a hook
or otner instrument by the mechanism described.

Also, the combination of hinges i, joints A, spring s, and cord f , applied to the thumb lu
■et fortb.

Also, combining with the solid and rig^id fingers, a movable or spring thumb, arranged and
operated with respect to the hand as above described.

Also, giving to all or part of the fingers, when made of solid and rigid construction as de-
•cribod, a curved hooking form, for the purpose specified.



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586 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Also, applying a loddng mecbanism, substantially as described, to operate in connoxi<m
with the parts B C, for tbe purpose of locking the forearm in position.

Also, oombinii^ in an artificial hand a spring thumb and rigid fingers baring a grasptng
function with fingers having a rigid and booking form, to give them a holding function as
set forth.

Ko. 39,488.— Louis Loeffler, of East Cambridge, Mass., citiaen of Prussia.— /mjmm-
mentin Lamps, — Patent dated August Jl, 1863. — Tne hollow base of tbe lamp stand is a
by-droeen gas generator, and it communicates by a tube with a jet which discharges a stieam
of hydrogen into the flame, on the other side of which is a piece of spongy platinum. The



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 101 of 164)