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purpose of the device is to inflame the wick at any time without removmg the chimney or
applying a light directly.

claim. — ^The combination of a lamp or burner, a piece of spongy platinum, or its equiva-
lent, and an apparatus ..for the generation of hydrogen gas, and discharge of such gas on the
said piece of spongy platinum, the whole being substantially as and for the purpose above
specified.

No. 39,489.— J. H. Mallory, of South Bend, St. Joseph county, Ind.-^Improved Watk-
ing Machine. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The rotating cylinder, with its corrugated
surfaoe, operates against polygonal rollers, mounted on vibrating curved arms, which are
pivoted to the sides of the suds box.

Claim, — ^The cylinder B, having its periphery fluted longitudinally, in combination with
tbe polygonal rollers C, attached to curved or segment bars g hi, and the latter connected
together and to the yielding bars D, said parts bein^ placed at one or both sides of the cylin-
der B, and all arranged as and for tlie purpose specified.

No. 39,490.1-jABfES A. Morrbll and Peter Bargion, of Richmond, Ind. — TmpnnjemefU
m Apparatus far Evaporating Saccharine Liquids. — Patent dated August 11, 1863.— The in-
vention consists of a furnace and divisional evaporating pans communicating by openings
provided with closing slides. The rear portion of the pan communicates by a strainer parti-
tion with the others ; a filterer with charcoal, discharging into a cooler at the side of the for-
nace, and a heating tank, by the chimney, for the supply of the pans, are provided for their
respective uses, in connexion with the operation.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of the strainer M, polygonal diyistons R R, and pan B.

Second, the arrangement of the pan D, with its polygonal divisions R R, in combination
with tbe pans C 0, when used in combination with the chambers A51 A51' A52, damper K,
openings Al A2, and jf z, and 1 1 and U.

Third, the arrangement of the chambers A51 A51 A52, in combination with the damper K.
and openiufipB Al and A2, and v and Z, and the dampers 1 1 and U.

Fourth, the combination of the cooler and filterer when constructed, arranged and operated
substantially as above described.

Fifth, the tank D, when used in combination with the pons B and C C, and chambers A51
A51 and A52, damper K, openings Al A2, and if and Z, and 1 1 and U, the whole being ar-
ranged, constructed, and operated substantially as above described.

No. 39,491.— Ezra Nicholson, of East Rockport, Cuyahoga county, Ohio. — Improvement
in Farm Gates.— Patent issued Au^st 11, 1863; antedated April 18, 1863. —The gate is
operated by moving the lever, bv wtiich . the spring huch is raisied, the gate thrown out of
perpendicular, unlatched, opened, and swung round, and secured ; it is tnen closed by mov-
ing the other lever in the same direction.

Claim. — The arrangement of the spring latch t, under the hinge lever «, in combination
with the notched segment A, and stop-plate 9, the bell-orank A, and levers d and a, operating
in the manner as and for the purposes nerein set forth.

No. 39,492.— August Nittekoer, Jr., of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mprordrf Meat Cutter.^
Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The block has a rotary motion under tbe knives, which aUB
arrange in a vertically reciprocating frame, and the driving mechanism of the block is so
arranged, by alternate straight and spiral thread on the worm wheel which rotates it, tlutt
the bmck moves only in the intervals between the blows of the knives. The knife frame is
capable of being rotated a quarter of a revolution, and being locked in that position, so « io
have the knives out of the way to get at the meat.

Claim. — First, any convenient number of reciprocating blades E, and the block N, when
8Qch an intermittent rotary motion is imparted to the said block that the latter is statlonaiy
when the blades are acting on the meat.

Secondly, the worm U, having a thread partly straight and partly spiral, as described, for
the purpose of imparting an intermittent rotary motion to the block N, through the mediftfft
of the gearing herein described, or any equivalent to the same.

Thirdly, the crossbead t, with its blades K, when the said crosshead is armnged to tam
in the sliding block 6, substantially as set forth, for the purpose herein specified.

Fourthly, the grooved retaining pin M, passing through the sliding blcKsk 6, and crossheaA
M« in combination with the spring latch L.



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COMMISSIONER Of PATENTS. 587

No. 39,493.— Charles P. Noblg, of Chicago, I\i.-^lmprovement in Smoke SUfek$ for
Locomotive JEn^iiM.— Patent dated August 11, 1803.— The cap of the etoek is provided with
a elobular enlargement, and an inner deflecting cone, both studded with projections, against
which the sparks impinge on their way to the contracted upper orifice.

Claim. — First, the globular or swelled pipe D, when the inner surface is continuous, and
is provided with the projections a «, and wl^n its discharging orifice or mouth C is contract-
ed nearly or quite to the diameter of the pipe A.

Second, the combination of the swelled pipe D, deflecting head £, rods c, and teeth a vcitli
the pipe A, substantiallj as set forth and specified.

No. 39,494i— John Percy, of Albany, N. Y.-^bnpravement in Breeeh4ofiding Fire-arms*-^
Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the chambered neck to the slodc
containing the lock and lock plate, and having openings for the triggers, and for the hammer
rod, whicn passes through a perfoitttion in the diaphragm or reeofl plate. The chamber
consists of a box and cover fitted together so as to form a water-tight joint.

Cltiim, — First, the construction of the neck of the stock of a gun with a chamber which
has segmental seats for the triggers, a removable plate J, and a perforated diaphragm a, in
combinntion with the lock and nammer mechanism, which is arranged and operates substan-
tially as described, the whole constituting a device which is sufficiently water-proof for all
practical puTX>oses. as set forth.

Second, in combination with the solid shield or diaphragm a. pivoted hammer e, and breeeh-
loftding barrel D, the water-tight lock chamber formed in the casting or portion B C, sub-
stantiuly as described.

No. 39,495.— Isaac N. Pyle, of Decatur, Adams county, Ind. — Jmprmement im RaUroad
Cat Brakes. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a continuous shaft
rotated by a winch on the engine and passing through the length of ^ train, having sus-
pended from it by chains a series of wedges adapted to be lower^ between the wheels of the
train, and an inclined plate or pedestal from the bed of the car so as to bind the wheels.

Claim, — The wedges F F', in combination with the continuous shaft G and inclined plates
E £^ the latter being placed in the r^ation as fthown, with the wheels C or drums a attached
to the axles D thereof, and all arranged as and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 39,496.— Edward A. Raymond, of Brooklyn, N. Y.—hnpro9em«mt in Ratchet Drills.^
Patent dated Aug[ust 11, 1863.— The ratchet wheel on the head of the tool-holder is contakied
withm the ring of the stock, and the teeth of the wheel are engaged by a spring pawl whose
socket b in the stock or handle.

Claim.— The tool-holder a, ratchet d, pawl g, and stock e, constructed, combined, and
anranged as specified.

No. 39,497. — C. D. Beed, of Hamilton, Ohio. — improvement in Rakes for Harvesters. —
Patent dated August 11, ]86i3. — ^This rake vibrates upon a fixed centre, on a horizontal plane,
parallel witl^ the segmental platform. The rake shan is provided with a segment of a pinion
and a rack wheel, which traverses upon an arc-shaped way so that at the commencement of
its effective stroke the tines are turned down to catch the grain and maintain this position to
the end of their stroke, when they are thrown up afld retained in a position parallel to the
platform during their return stroke so as to clear the cut grain on the platform. The length
of the stroke is regulated by set screws on the ^d of the way, and the adjustment of the

Sin of the connecting rod in the slot of Uie crank wheel. The cam and lever device by which
le motion of the rake is arrested at the rear of the platform, and the locking arrangement,
are described in the claim.

CZtftmT— First, the combination of a reciprocating rack m, with a toothed segment k,
oscillating rakenshaft K, slide-rest J, and arresting screws h h', substantially as described.

Second, the combination of adjustable crank-arm e, pitman G, and adjustable arresting
sorews h k', substantially as described.

Third, the toothed^ spring L in combination with the reciprocating raek m, fmd incUned
pr^ections p* p" on the slide-rest J, operating substantially as descrilMd.

Fourth, the combination of cam s on rake-shaft K, lever t, lever c', and pulley (, with a
clutching device applied to the driving shaft «, all arranged and operating substantially as
described.

Fifth, releasing the lever c' by means of a cam s applied to the rake-ehafl, substantiallvas
described) so that the rake can only be stopped, while the machine is moving forwaro, at
the terminus of its backward stroke.

Sixth, the combination of the reciprocating rack m, toothed segment K, oscillating rake-
ahaft K, and slide-rest Jf arranged and operating snbstantiaily as deacribed.

No. 39,498.— Robert Safely, of Cohoes, Albany county, N, Y.-^hapTovemsni in Woter
VFilee^.— Patent dated August 11, 1863.— The obtjeet of this invention is to protect the step
of the wheel shaft from water and have it aeeessible for lubrication. The step is located in
a hollow beam passing horiiontallv throvgh the lower part of the eating, ana having at its
top a stuffing box through which the shaft pai



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588 ANKUAL BEPOST OF THB

C/«tm.— The hollow beam H, in oombination with the stuffiDg box J and the oil cup
arranged and fitted subetantially ae deacribed and for the purpoees set forth in this apecif-.
cation.

No. 39,499.— Daniel SCATTERGOOD, of Nottingham, England.— /mpfwenwfU t« CircnUr
Knitting Machines.— Patent dated August 11, 1^3.— The object of .tnis improvement is to
narrow or widen oat in tjie manufacture of fabrics, so that the fabric may on being sewed op
on its edges present the required shape without cutting. In order to produce this result a
certain number of needle plates or carriers with their needles are removed from the circle of
needles, yet the same space between every two needles in the circle .is preserved, while the
needle piates or carriers have constantly a bearing or support at back upon a hpllow conical
collar and conical supports which are moved to present a circle of decreased diameter when
the needle plates and needles are removed, and wnich are again moved in a contrary direction
to afford bearings of increased diameter when the needles are replaced.

Claim. — ^The emplovment, in circular frames or roundabouts, of a cone and conical sup-
ports or beatings for the needle lacks or carriers, so as to afford them a continuous bearing
whatever the diameter of the circle of needles, and imparting motions to the loop and dividing
landing, and knocking over wheels so that they shall perform their usual functions, whatever
the diameter of such circle, all substantiallv in manner hereinbefore described, wberebr
fashioned or narrowed work mav be produced and finished, as £ar as the fashion is concerned,
before being removed firom the urame.

No. 39,500.— J. L. Seaverns, of Worcester, Mass.— AnproMmeiit in Vacuum Box tf
Paper^making Machines. — ^Patent dated August 11, 1663. — ^This is an improvement in the
arrangement of the bearing rolls which support the wire apron in the vacuum box under
atmospheric {»ressare. The roUers rotate in cheeks which are inside of their bearings and
which are flush with the upper sides of the rollers, so that the wire apron makes a tight joint
to preserve the vacuum beneath. The spaces between the cheeks and the sides of the box
are filled with water to preserve the packing and prevent leakage of air.

Claim, — The combination with the vacuum oox of a paper machine of a series of rolls
supported in, stationary bearings at each end inside of said bearing^ with a movable cheek
packed where the rolls pass through it, when said cheek is made continuous, or to fit closely
in and against the sides of the box, as set forth.

Also, in combination with the rolls of a paper machine vacuum box, means for adjusting
the height of the stationary bearings, for the purpose specified.

No. 39,501 —J. Hamilton Bhaplet, of Exeter, Rockingham county, N. K.-^Improve-
ment in Gwn LocA;.— Patent dated August 11, 1863.— This is a side lock for fire-arms The
hammer is pivoted between two plates on the inside of the lock plate, to which latter the
hammer spring is attached. The sere is attached to one of these plates with an angular
prqiection which engages the notches in the heel of the hammer.

Claim. — ^The sere and the nose of the sere and all its parts, which are above fully described,
or their equivalent, and the mode of using or applying the same.

No. 39,502.— Henry C. Smith, of Clarksville, Clinton county, Ohio.— /m;»rorerf 3fof-
tiiing Machine. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — This is an improvement on the patentee's
former patent of September 4, 1860. The chisel is joumalled in brackets at the Dottom of
the sash, and is vibrated in a semicircular path by a pitman and lever ; the sash is supported
by the engagement of its pinion In a rack^ and the downward feed is by means of the alter-
nate lifting of the pawls which engage the two sets of ratchet of the wheel on the pinion
shaft

Claim. — In the described combination with the mortising sash D, and its accessories, the
compound or right-and-left ratchet wheel G 6\ pawls H and H K, feed hand L l, rod P,
hooked nut Q, and dog R, or their equivalents, substantially as set forth.

No! 39,503.— William H. Somers, of Urbana, Champaign county, IW.— -Case for Reeerd
Books. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The books rest u^fon their backs and are enclosed
by flaps, which, as the b<x>ks are drawn forward, fall down and aUow the books to lie open
upon the desk ; they are closed again by a lever in the act of pushing them back into the
case.

Claim, — ^The method of opening and closing the same with the record by means of the
lever A, operating to close the drawer by the act of sliding into the case, substantially as
shown and described.

No. 39,504.— Leopold Thomas, of Allegjhany City, Pti.—Inwrovement in Nut Macksm, -
Patent dated Au^t 11, 1863.— This machine makes the nut blabks by compression, swa-
ging, and punching, ready to receive the screw threads. The devices and operation are
clearly defined in the claim.

C/atm.— Rrst, compressing, swaging, and punching nuts in a cavify which has for its
sides the vibrating shear blocks M, in its enos the stationary perforated die A', and the
movable perforata die h and its top and bottom, the portions o and v, all constructed, ar*
nuQged, and operating substantially as described.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 589

Second, the combination of the reciprocating pnnch-carnring bar / with the perforated
reciprocating die block A, bar g^ and cheek pina j, arranged and operating snbetantially as
described:

Third, transmitting a reciprocating motion to the pnnch bar /, bj means of links t9 ir,
and vibrating levers k k^ which carry the cutting ana closing blocks m m, substantially as
described

Fourt>i, the vibrating arm m, carrying on its upper end a block v, which constHutes, when
in a horizontal position, the bottom of Qie cavity in which the nuts are swaged and punched,
in combination with the stationary die h' and moving die A, substantially as dascribed.

Fifth, the reciprocating perforated die block o h, so arranged with reference to the dies A'
V as to form the top and one side of the cavity in which the nuts are swaged and punched,
and combined with the levers k A, punch bar / and links w tr, so that after the nuts are
punched they may be discharged from the punching tool, substantially as described. ^

Sixth, the combination of vibrating arms A; A, hnk connexions to tr, cross arm x, spring jf,
punch bar/, and sliding die block A, substantially as specified.

Seventh, the combination of the reciprocating die-carrving bar g with the reciprocating
punch bar/, stop pin j, vibrating arms k A, links Id it, and pendent guides d d^ substantially
as herein aescribea.

No. 39,505.— Thomas Thompson, of Baltimore, 'i&A.-^Impfovement in Fire Escapes,-^
Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the method of attachinff the
risers to the central colunm, which is by means of a curved plate on the inner end of the
riuer ; and also in supporting the steps under the riser above, and upon the riser below.

Claim. — The curved flange D on the risers, in combination with the hollow standard for
supporting the steps, as described. *

Also, supporting the steps with the curved flanges D and hollow standard by fastening
the rear edge to the lower edge of the riser above, and letting the front edge rest on the riser
below.

No. 39,506.— James B. Tibbits, of Palmvra, Wayne county, N. Y.^Imprwed Har-
ness 5iia;>.— Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The lip of the snap, which shuts against the
hook, is pivoted to a projection from the latter, as bows from each of these parts unite to
form the loop, and the lip is kept closed by the leather strap therein. '

Claim, — The emplovment or use, in combination with the main portion or body A of a
harness snap provided with a hook a' and an e^e a, of a tongue C, pivoted to the' part A,
and provided with an eye/, all arranged as herein described.

No. 39,507. — John Tingley, of Waterford, Camden county, N. J. — Improvement in
Chums. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The head of the barrel is removable at pleasure, for
cleaning, filling, &c., the head having an annular groove on its edge with a packing ring, and
the chine of the barrel having a clamping hoop, with a link and lever attached, tor pressure
upon the head to make a tight joint.

Claim, — First, the clamping hoop C, operated by the lever M, link N, and plate I, or their
equivalents, substantially as described.

Second, the head B, provided with the groove E and the elastic strip F, or their equiva-
lents, in combination with the clamping hoop, the lever, the link, ana the plate, as above
described.

No. 39,508.— W. B. Treadwell, of Albany, N. Y. ^Improvement in Cooking Stoves and
Ranges, — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The improvements consist in the construction of
the fire-pot and the valves and flue spaces of single or double oven-cooking ranges, stoves,
&c, to obtain a more even distribution of heat ; and secondly, in the frame for holding the
mica light in the stove doors, and in the button fastening^ for confining the doors and the
outer rings of the mica frames in place.

Claim. — First, the open fire-pot B constructed as described, in combination with an iron
or soapstone backing, arranged substantially as described.

Second, openings t /, chambers A C K DJ, and deflector m, of the oven D, all arranged
and operating substantially as described.

Third, the arrangement of flues V G2 Gl 03 A', in combination with opening t, and oven
O, operating substantially as described.

Fourth, the combination of the space 2, between the open fire-pot and the backing thereto,
with the dampers m' m' m^ so that the combustion of the fuel may be retarded or regulatea
by a counter or upper current outside of the fire-pot, substantially as described.

Fifth, the combination with a range or stove and the doors thereof of the button fiistening,
consisting of a fixed screw pin n, plate p, button n', and uvLtp'\ substantially as described.

Sixth, the combination with a range or stove and the doors or windows thereto «f the mica
frame H' r s, constructed as represented, and the button feistenlng n n', andpp", all sub-
stantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth.



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590 ANNUAL REPOBT OP THE

No. 39,509.— J. H. L. TuCK, of 8t Charles, Kane county, HI.— iWifroMtf Fffnk Dryer,^
Patent dated An^iut 11, 1863.^-Thi8 oonsisftA of a traj supported in an indined position bj
legs covered by glazed sash and ventilated by fl^aoze-coverea openingB at the ends and sides.

Claim. — ^A nmit-drying case formed of a shallow box A, having ventilating openings at its
sides and provided with a glazed sash B for a top, and with folding legs or props D D, ana
at each side, and used in connexion with a stake or poat C, substantiallj as described.

No. 39,510. - Alexander Underwood, of Kenosha, Wis. — Improvememt in Bindimg
Attachments to Harvesters,— Psktent dated AngnsC 11, 1863.— This machine is to be attached
to the side or rear of a harvesting machine to gavel the grain as it falls on the platform, and
to bind and discharge it in sheaves of anj required size. The improvement consists in the
devices for passing the cord around the sheaf, for securing and tying the band,^ and for
throwing the mechanism in and oat of gear. The devices for accomplisfaing these objects aie
too numerous and intricate for a brief description.

Claim, — First, the self-acting shifting levers £ and D, operated by the cams or inclined
' planes m and n'* on the wheel K, and the cam 7 on the wheel L, all as herein described.

Second, the arm B, provided with the cam groove fii2 in its rear half, the friction rollers s2
on the forward part, and the mortise L near the centre, and operated substantially as ex-
plained.

Third, the combination of the arm B, forked lever A, shaft; U, stud ^, guide rollers k2 s2,
and ways/2, all constructed and arranged in the manner and for the purposes described.

Foorth, the conpbination of the spiral cam H, rack R^inions T 62 c^ swinging hanger «2,
yoke A, pui or roller di, and cam-grooved gear wheel F, when the said parts are constructed
and arranged as herein described, so as to impart a reciprocating motion to the arm B, by a
continuous motion of the cam and gear wheel F.

Fiflh, the combination of the hooks U r , radially slotted pinion a2, sliding bar C, and
*shear blades A3 and », when the said parts are constructed and arranged in the manner
hereinbefore described, so as to adapt them to uniformly twist and subsequently knot and
sever the band.

Sixth, the stud A, operated by the sliding bar C, and employed in the described combina-
tion with the shear blades A3 and », to hola the said blades in close proximity and retain the
end of the cord, as explained.

Seventh, the combination with the g^r wheel G, sliding bar C, stud A, and blades A3 and
11, of the roller «', grooves » g'^ shifting, curved, inclined plane <, and spring stop z, operat-
ing as explained, to impart an alternate motion to the bar C, to sever the cord on one or the
other branch of the blaae ft.

Eighth, the combination with the gear wheels I F and G of the clutch pinion V, clutch
J2, cams/ o, lever |^, and dog f2, whereby an intermittent motion is imparted to the wheel
G and the dog r2, inserted in and retracted from a notch therein, as explained.

Ninth, the combination with the gear wheel G, pinion o2, and hook Vl of the lever A',-
rack d'^ pinion e', connecting rod A3, rock shaft tt2, hook ir2, and ficffer Z. operating in the
manner described to catch, loop, and tie the ends of the cord around me sneaf.

Tenth, the hook t2, operated by the cam \\ lever A^ and rod n^ to draw down the cord in
readiness for the next shea( as explained.

No. 39,511.— William Van Anden, of Poughkeepsie, N. Y.— /mprrwemenf in Harvett"
ers. — ^Patent dated August 11, 1863. — This macnine when in operation is mainly supported
upon the driving wheel next to the cutter bar, allowing the other wheel a certain amount of
vortical play to enable it to pass over trifling inequiuities without affecting the position of
the frame or cutting apparatus, or tipping over the main supporting wheel. The devices are
frilly described in die claim.

Claim, — First, supporting the frame of a reaping or mowine machine in such a manneir
that its weight, together with that of the cutting apparatus, will be supported on or sustain^
by one wheel of a double wheel machine, (when the wheels are used together for the purpose
described,) by means substantially as set forth.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 102 of 164)