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Second, making the main draught frame A to counterbalance the weight of the cutting ap-
paratus in a double wheel machine, when both the cutting apparatus and the draught frame are
supported upon the propelling wheel C, and this wheel made to serve as the fulcrum of both,
substantially as described.

Third, so supporting the main draught frame A upon the tapering axle e of the wheel C that
the ''outer" wheel D is allowed to rise and fall, in surmounting obstacles, without tipping,
or otherwise affecting either the wheel C or the position of the cutting apparatus, suostan-
tially as described.

Fourth, the elongated stirrup G, in combination with frame A, vibrating axle B, and
short axle c, substantially as described.

Fifth, the wheel C, arranged upon a tapering tubular axle e, substantially in the nuumflr
and for the purposes descried.

Sixth, supporting the main draught frame A upon a «hoTt tubular axle e at one fid^ and
guiding said frame in its vibrating motions by means of the ttirnip G and box 7, substan-
tially as described.



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00MMI8SI0NBB OF PATENTS. 591

Seyenth, in combiDatkm with a draught frame, supported and balanced substantiallj as
deecribed, the tongue or pole J, pivoted to the vibratu^p axle B, and supporting; the driver's
seat K, arranged Bubstantiallj as described.

Eighth, the combination with the oscillating frame A, supported and coutrolled in its
motion as described, of the auxiliary axle B and wheel D« substantially as described.

Ninth, pivoting the "inner" shoe m, of the finger bar V, to the frame A, by means of the
tabular connexion /, fixed rod K, and front and rear supports H H', and central support n,
substantially as described.

Tenth, keying the main drawing spur wheel E to the tubular axle c, and connecting said
wheel to the Ailcrum wheel C, by means of a ratchet and detent, or their equivalents, sub-
stantially as described.

Eleventh, the two large supporting wheels C D, in combination with the auxiliary oscil-
lating axle B and oscillating frame A, arranged and operating substantially as described.

No. 39,.512.— SylvanUS Walker, of Boston, TAean.— Improved Wringing Machint, —
Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The rubber rollers are included between rig^d rotating rollers,
and are rotated by contact therewith.

C/«ifii.— The employment or use, in clothes-washing and wringing machines, of India-
rubber or other elastic pressure rollers arranged in a suitable frame, in connexion with
wooden or other rigid rollers, in' such a manner that the latter will keep the former in proper
position, and communicate motion to the same, substantially as herein set forth.

Ko. 39,513.— James Warren, of New York, N. Y. — Improvement in Window Sagh Stop-
•«r.— Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The improvement consists of rollers of India-rubber
m suitable cases inserted into recesses in the eage of the window sash, so as to bear against
the side of the casing with sufficient force to keep the sash in the position in which it may
be placed, while undue Motion is prevented by the insertion of phites of ivory on the oppo-
site edge of the sash.

Claim, — The combination of the whole of the above-described machinery, and its appro-
priation to the purposes herein specified.

No. 39,514.-— William Weaver, of Nashua, Hillsborough county, N. H.— Improved
Heel Iron and Ice Cau/A.— Patent dated August 11, 1863.— This invention consists of a re-
versible semicircular serrated band whose ends act as pivots, so that it can be rotated, expos-
izijg its serrated edge to the ice, or by reversal, placing it in ^ont of the heel under the hollow
of^the foot ; a sliding double wedge projecting before and behind loosens it from its positioa
when desired.

Claim, — ^The double sliding wedge D, used for the purposes and in the manner as herein
set forth.

I do not limit my claim to the particular form of wedge, as herein shown, but extend it to
any other substantially the same.

No. 39,515.— John C. White, of Auburn, Cayuga county, N. Y.— Rolling Seams of Boots
and Shoes, — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^This machine is intended to roll down the seams
of sewed leather, and consists of a roller arm, connected with a rotary shaft working on a
Btnught bed which supports the leather, so that, by the rotary movement of the shaft, a recip-
rocaung rectilinear motion is imparted to the pressing rollers which pass repeatedly over
the seam on the bed, the latter being ac^justable to conform to the shape of the seams and
the pressure modified by springs.

claim. — First, the employment or use of the reciprocating roller arm E and stationary bed
F, when said arm connects by suitable mechanism with the rotary shaft C, or Its equivalent,
anbstantiallv as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the arrangement of the adjustable roller j and spring roller «, in combination with
the roller arm £ and bed F, constmcted and operating suostantially as and for the purpose
set forth.

Third, making the outer part o' of the bed F adjustable by a set screw p, or other equiya-
lent means, as and for the purpose described.

Fonrth, the arrangement of the swivel clamps q, in combination with the bed F, con-
structed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as specified.

No. 39,516.— James Wilkinson, of Prophetstown, Whiteside county, TH.-^Improvemont
in Equalizing Draught in Horse-powers,— The invention consists of supplementary sweeps
pivoted to the hub on the central shaft ; cords from the said sweeps pass over sheaves on toe
ends of the usual sweeps, and are attached to rods occupying the position of the usual stay
rods, but which are capable of lateral vibration as the team may pull unequally upon dif-
ferent parts.

Claim, — ^The supplemental sweeps C, sweeps proper B, cords or chains E, and rods d,
o<nnbined and arranged to operate in the manner as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,517.— James Wilkinson, of Prophetstown, Whiteside county, JJX.—bnprovetnant
in Draught'Equaliiimg AUackwunt,-^VaMni dated August 11, 1863.— The oli^i^ct of the im-



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592 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

provement ifi to equalize the dranght on all the horses in the team. The double-tree is pro*
vided with two single-trees on each end, and each of them is hitched by one end to a
leader, and by the other end to a wheel-horse, the traces of the leaders passing through the
neck-yoke.

Claim. — ^The combination of the double-tree B, two pairs of whiffle-trees D D', traces F F
G G^ and neck yoke £, all arranged to operate as ana for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,518. - W. H. Willard, of Cleveland, Ohio,— Imprwed Rail Capstan for Skips.-*-
Patent issued Augpist 11, 186.3; antedated July 27, 1863.— This capstan is rigged so that
the drum is mounted above the ship rail, while the gearing works oetwecn the stanchions
and above the plank sheave. The ratchet wheel sets immediately above the ship« rail, and
the pawl is raised when required* by a rod passing vertically through the drum, having a
projecting han^lle.

Claim. — The herein-described construction and arrangement of a rail capstan and had
poet, when the several parts are arranged and operated as and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,519.— George F. Wilson, of East Providence, R. l.—Tmproved Fertilizer or
Manure. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — This improvement consists in mixing the con-
densed products from dry distillation of bones with tne residuary products lefl after the pw-
tlal abstraction of phosphoric acid from the bones by the sulphuric acid process.

Claim. — ^The compound fertilizer obtained by the admixture of the above-described bono-
sulphate of lime, witn the ammoniacal and other bodies condensed in the distillation of bones.

No. 39,520.— Walter Worth, of Jackson, ^ich.-^Improvement in Gate*.— Patent
dated Anp^ust 11, 1863. — ^The object of the improvement is to swing the gate, as occasion
may require, over the snow levels. A right angle notch is cut in the comer of the post from
tho top to near the base, terminating in a shoulder ; a sliding bar, with a rack attached,
moves in this notch, and to the bar, which is attached by metal loops to the post, the gate is
hinged. • A spring stop engages the teeth of the ratchet bar to retam the gate in an elevated
position.

Claim, — The arrangement of the notched post A, slide rack bar B, hinged gate D, loops /,
and stop g, substanti^y as and for the purpose described.

• No. 39,521.— WiLUAM Yapp, of Cleveland, Ohio. — Improvement in Tinsmiths* Fire-pot.—
Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^This consists of a fire chamber, suitably provided with
openings and doors and an ash-pan, and with tubular chambers open to the outside for the
insertion of the soldering tool.

Claim. — The combination with the rectangular box or casing A' of one or more longitu-
dinal cylinders A, grate B, openings C E, doors D H, and sliding drawer E, all arrang^ as
and for the purposes specified, and adapted for completely preventing circulation of ur when
required.

No. 39,522.— Thomas C. Bigelow, of Lake Mills, Jefferson county. Wis., assignor to
Himself. LUTHER E. PoRTER, and Samuel M. Rowe, of same pXeyce —Improved Paddle
Wheels. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — ^The object of this invention is to so construct a
paddle that the buckets may be kept in a vertical position during the whole of their revolu-
tion, so as to enter and emerge from the water with as little loss of power as possible, and
present, while in the water, the greatest amount of surface.

C^im.— First, providing the prolonged float-shafts and the arms / Tfith the anti-frictinn
rollers c c\ when used in combination with the grooves a a' and the projections or grooves
b b', arranged and operating as and for the purposes herein shown and described.

Second, the combination and the arrangement of the frame C, the floats F, provided with
fixed and prolonjg;ed shafts, as shown, the aims /, and the anti-friction rollers e c', with the
outer frame A A , provided with the peculiarly arranged circular grooves a a', all operating
substantially as and for the purposes shown and specified.

Third, the combination and aiTangement of the floats F provided with the prolonged fixed
shafts, as shown and described, the arms /, the anti-friction rollers c c'^ the endless chain G,
and drive- wheels. D D, with the g^rooves a a\ and projections or gppooves b k\ as and for the
^ purposes herein delineated and set forth.

No. 39,523.— Joseph Church, of Chestet, Meigs county, Ohio, assignor to J. N. Rath-
bun and E. T. Branch, of Rutland, Ohio,— Machine for Shaving Cane for Weavers' Reeds,—
Patent dated August 11, 1863.— The cane is passed through a long tunnel, where it is fed
between a double series of rollers and exposed to knives which shave and divide it, and
lednce it to the desired proportions.

C/atm.— The series ol pairs of feed rollers C C in combination with the cutters G H H I
and plates E, provided with the channel c, all arranged substantially as shown to operate in
the manner as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,524.— Joseph Dodin, of Brooklvn, N. Y., assignor to jA3fES Edgar, of Bergen,
N. J.'— Improved Lamp Burner. — Patent dated August if, 1863. — ^The lamp tmrner m made



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COMMISSIONER OF PATEXTS. 593

up of five pieces— one forming a skeleton snpport, two others the frame of the deflector, and
the remaining two perforated panels for tUe deflector ; they are nnited bj slots, throagk
which lips oftbe adjacent parts are inserted and lapped.

Claim, — First, the particular shape of the plate of metals, Figs. 3 and 4, with their open-
ings «.

Second, the shape of the plate, Fig. 5, with the mode of fastening it to the plaie. Figs. 3
and 4 at a. Figs. 3, 4, and 5.

Third, the shape of the plate, Fig. 6.

Fonrth, the mode of fastening the cone ft, Fig. 1, to the base G, Fig. 2, substantial! j as
described.

No. 39,525.— Pmup Elet, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Himself and E. B. Frrrs, of
same place. — Improvement in the Mannfactnre of Manure. — Patent dated August 11, 1863. —
The invention consists in a process for separatinff the water from night soil, and mixing the
phosphoric acid, ammonia, and the other soluble fertilizing compounds with the insoluble
matter ; afterwards desiccating and deodorizing ^t by means of sulphate of lime and charcoal
and reducing it to a pulverulent state.

Claim. — The process or method heroin described of treating night-soil for agricultural
purposes.

No. 39,526.— D. L. Emerson, of Eockford, Winnebago countr, Ul,— -Improvement in
Harvesters, — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The invention is so fully describoa in the claim
as to need no further description.

Claim. — The combination of the grain wheel directly with the back beam of the harvester,
as set forth, so that the employment of a cross-bar connecting the grain ends of the finger
beam and back beam, for the purpose of connecting the grain wheel arm or axle with the
finger beam and back beam, is unnecessary.

Also, the combination of the grain ends of the finger beam and back beam, without a con-
necting cross-bar, by means of a removable raking platform or its appurtenances, substan-
tially as set forth.

Also, the combination of the front end of the reach,, the tongue, and the caster wheel in
such manner that the machine may be used interchangeably with a stiff tongue laterally or
a limber tongue, by shifting the connexion of the tongue from the caster-wheel yoke to the
Ijcont end of toe reach, or vice versa^ substantially as set forth.

Also, combining the thrust bar of a harvesting machine with the machine by means of an
acyustable pivot bearing, substantially as set fonh.

Also, the combination of the driver^s scat with the machine by means of an adjustable seat
standard connected at its foot with the frame, in such manner that the seat can be a(yusted
by varying the connexion of the foot of the standard, as described.

Also, the combinatiori of the driver's seat with its support by means of an adjustable brace
and spring, substantially as set forth.

AlsOf the combination of the driver's foot-board with its support by means of an adjustable
brace, substantially as set forth.

Also, the device, herein described, for imparting two different speeds to the sickle of a har-
TMter, consisting of the combination of a double-rimmed cog wheel upon one of the shafts
of the gearing, with two pinions which are connected with the next shaft, in such a manner
that one is fastened to the shaii while the other runs loose upon it, and vice versa, substan-
tially as set forth.

Also, the combination of a fincer-beam of plate metal bent into a trough-form with a wood
filling in the hollow ot the trough, substantially as set forth.

Also, constructing the finger-beam with a recess, in which the crank of the sickle can
revolve, so that the sickle can be withdrawn past the face of the crank without displacing
the crank, substantially as- set forth.

Also, the combination of the raking platform of a harvester with a tipping or hinged
dumping box, whose bottom is not above khe level of the adjacent part of the raking plat-
form, and which is^also skewed sidewise, so that the cut grain can be discharged from the
plattbrm directly into said dumping box and can be dropped therefrom, but downward, at
the side of the track of the sickle, so as to be entirely out ot the way of the machine and the
horses when cutting the next swath, substantially as set forth.

Also, the combination of a tipping dumping box with a driver's seat, located sufficiently
behind the finger beam to permit the driver supported thereon to r^e the grain from tM-
raking platform and drop it upon the ground, substantially as described.

No. 39,527.— Samuel P. Gilson, of Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to Himself and JosepH'
Hall, of Rochester, N. Y. — Improvement in Steam-engine Cylinders, — Patent dated August
11, 1803. — ^This invention consists in providing the inner surface of the cylinder with
annular channels in which the pressure of steam forms an eddy behind the piston head,
preventing the steam from escapmg past the piston by breaking the current.

Clam.— Providing the inner surface of steam cylinders with several annular chamfels e,
or their equivalents, in combination with the piston head D, substantially as and for the>
purpose specified.

H- Ex. Doc. 60 38 ^ t

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594 ANNUAL fiEPOBT OF TAB

No. 39,5fi8.— Charles W. S. Hbaton, of Salem, Marion eoanty, HI., assignor to Jabes
J. PnOGOTT. — Improvemeut in Cultivators. — Patent dated August 11, 1863.-?niia improve-
ment consists of devices for throwing the direct strain upon the plouch beams and relievinff
the jar caused hy collision with obstructions ; the forward ends of the beams are attadiea
to a slotted cross-bar which is stayed hy angle rods from the tonguo, the draught rods hav-
ing a vertical plaj b^ the motion of the clevis pin in an upright slot in the tongue. The
lateral adjustment ot the plough beams is by means of slots in the cross-beams, to which the
former are clamped bj set screws.

Ciaim. — ^First, the arrangement in a cultivator of the brace rods A /«, and staj rod A, in
such manner that the longitudinal strain upon the implement shall be thrown upon the side
beams B B, and front beam C, when the implement is unobstructed by stones, &c., but
when the implement is obstructed by stones. &c., the sudden jar due upon the tongue A
shall be relieved by the oblong slot c, and finally bo sustained by the stay rod k^ all sub-
stantially in the manner set forth.

Second, the arran^ment, in a cultivator, of the automatically shifling brace rods k A,
pin dy and vertical slot c, in the manner and for the purposes described.

Third, the arrangement of the inclined stay rod k^ beam C, and tongue A, substantiaUy
as and for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, a cultivator combining in its construction the tonguo A, side beams B B, upper
and under slotted cross-beams C C^ V-shaped adjastable braces or stocks E £^ brace rods
h A, and stay rod A, the several partq being constructed and arranged as doscribod.

No. 39,529.— Egbert Hinman, of Syracuse, N. Y., assignor to John Rankin, of Homer,
N. Y. — Improvement in Chums, — Patent dated August 11, 1863. — The cream is exposed
to a preliminary beating in a chamber which has register opeuings to regulate the rate
of discharge into the main chamber. The driving wheel is adjiu^tablo longitudinally on
its shaft, so as to engage with the pinions on the upper or on tho lower shaft, or both.

Claim, — The employment of tho preliminary dasher a, constructed as described, in com-
bination with the case b, provided with a register for varying the capacity of tho discharge
apertures, tlie whole arranged and operating as set forth.

Also, regulating ithe capacity of the apertures through which the liquid and solid miss
escapes from the case 6, as aod for the purpose described.

Also, making the driving gear E adjustable in its shaft, as described, in combination
with the clutching device, or its equivalent, whereby the driving ^ear may bo at^usted to
run in mesh with either one or both of the dasher pinions, as and lor the purposes set forth.

No. 39J530.— T. T. Prosser, of Fond du Lac, Wis., assignor to Himself and M.C.and
K. A. Daruno, of same place. — Improved Steam Boiler. — Patent issued August 11, 1863;
antedated Januarv 31, 1863. — The exhaust steam of the engine is conducted by a pipe or
pipes occupying the place of the ordinary tubular flues, and is utilized by being introdaced
into a jacket around the steam boiler.

Claim. — First, the application of the exhaust steam of the engine to the boiler foulder pieces, joined by arched me-
tallic pieces forming a pommel, and together making the forward part of a tree, the rear or
cantle being formed of a metallic arch with horns or projections for staying the load. The
forward bars have detachable prelections for the same purpose, and rings or eyes on each side
of the cantle and pommel give points of attachment for lashing ropes.

Claim. — First, the two bars A and A' connected together and maintained a g^ven distance
apart from each other by the wronebt-iron arched pieces B and B', as set forth.

Second, the piece D with its projections d and d', the whole being applied to the two bars,
substantially as described.

Third, the detachable pins £ arranged on the two bars, substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the rings or eyes M and N arranged on the two bars for the reception of the bind-
ing rope, substantially as described.

No. 39,548.— Myron Case, of Easoag, N. Y.-^Imprevement in Hand Corn Planten.^
Patent dated August 18, 1863.— The »]!& under the pressure of the handle passes down and
makes an instant connexion between the reservoir and the recess in the back piece, which
is thus charged with a portion of seod as the slide returns ; this seed escapes into the dis-
charge angle at the bottom, and in the return of the slide is extended and thrust into the
ipround.

Claim, — ^The combination of the slide i provided with the inclined seed aperture j, passing
entirely through it, the recess », the back piece e below the seed reservoirs, the pUttes / B,

Krtition A, ana gum-elastic cut-off k^ placod within and attached to the seed-box A, the whole
ing constructs and arranged as and for the purposes specified.

No. 30,549.— A. E. Chamberlain and Wm. Caven, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— /m/roremejif
tit Cooking StoMS. —Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in an ar-
fogw — p t of floes and deflector in combination with an extended top in which the partition



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598 illNUAL REPORT OF THE

extends between the boiliag^ flue and the back flae ; a'deflector hi the _

hj the damper is so phiced at the upper part of the up-cast flue as to deflect the

sideways, from whence it passes throuffti the ventage to the chimney.

Claim, — ^First, the deflector K in the described combination with the extended box-top G,
boiler opening J, and ventage nozzle L, substantially as set forth.

Second, the construction of an extended box-top with the incurved partitions M M be-
tween the heat chamber G and the boiling flue B, for the provision of an extended stove-top
ivithin the shortest practicable limits, as explained.

Third, as a new and improved manufacture of extended-top cooking stoves the extended
box-top or chamber G having the incurved partitions M M', deflector K, supplementary boiler
openings J, and a ventage nozzle L in the rear thereof^ the whole being combined and oper-
ating together in the manner set forth.

No. 39,550.— Ezra Coleman, of San Francisco, Cal. — Improved Machine for Amalgama-
ting Prteious Metals. — Patent dated August J 8, 1863. — W!thin a cylindrical chamber a \?hecl
with grinding surfaces above and below revolves horizontally between plates likewise aruh^
with corrugations or flanges. The middle plate is hung on a balance rine and driven by the
rotation of its spindle from bevel gearing beneath ; it is adjusted by a central wheel, which
raises or lowers the balance rine ; the upper plate is adjusted by four set screws at opposite
points.

Claim. — ^The use in amalgamating pans of a plate with grinding surfaces top and bottom,
said plate revolving between two plates.

Also, the use of a top plate D in amalgamating pans for the purpose of regelating the agi-
tation of the pulp, the wnole substantially as debcribed and tor the uses and purposes as
hereinbefore set forth.

No. 39,551. — C. E. Corbett,, of Corbettsville, Broome county, N. Y. — Improvement in
Coal Oil Lamps. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — The invention consists in surrounding
the wick-tube of the lamp with a packing of porous material to absorb the oil which runs
over the sides of the tube and prevent smoking. •

Claim. — Surrounding the tuoe of the ordinary coal-oil lamp with packing of cotton or other
porous substances, as and for the purposes described.

No. 39,552.— Philip H. Corbett, of Manchester, Alleghany county, V&.— Improvement
in Spark Extinguishers for Locomotives. — Patent dated Aug^c 18, 1863. — The improvement
consiste in a cylindrical chambered valve with a receiving and a discharge orifice placed at
the bottom of the smoke-box and connected therewith by a throat in the latter, which corre-
sponds with the receiving opening in the valve, so that as the valve is worked in its chamber



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 103 of 164)