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its receiving and discharge porto are alternately brought in connexion with the opening in
the smoke-box and with the exterior discharge opening, without at any time having a pass-
age through by which air can be admitted into the smoke-box.

Claim. — First, a chambered valve E with one or more openings e «', so arranged in regard
to the throat a and discharge orifice a' that when the discharge orifice is open tne reccivii^
opening is closed, and vice versa^ thus preventing the admission of a current of air into the
smoke-box while the cinders are being discharg^, as specified.

Second, working the valve by a crank motion, rock shaft, pawl and ratchet, or gears, as
and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,553. — Samuel Cowan, of Bloomfield, Davis county, Iowa. — Improvement in Cul'
tivators. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^This cultivator consists of a frame on wheels with
four dependent plouffh or shovel standards. These standards are hinged at a point below
their attachment to the frame and open forwards, being attached by rods to the ends of levers
to the other end of which a treadle platform is suspended under the control of the driver. To
the upper ends of the shovel standards a transverse bar is attached, and to this bar a lever
which, by vibration to right or left, changes the position of the ploughs.

Claim. — In combination with the adjustable and hinged cultivator stocks, herein described,
the levers K, tods N O, and treadles M, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set
forth.

Also, in combination with the adjustable and hinged cultivator stocks, herein described,
the lever H and transverse bar G, tor the purpose otshifting said cultivators sidewise, sub-
stantially in the manner and £or the purposes set forth.

Fo. 39,554.— William C. Davis, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— Improvement in Teakettles.—
Patent dated August 18, 1863.— The whole of the parts involved in this hinged teakettle lid
are cast on the lid or kettle and the pintle of the hinge is inserted in its appropriate socket,
whero it is retained by its gravity wnile closed and by the projection of its tongue I into an
aperture in the kettle when open.

Claim. — ^The mode of hinging the covers of teakettles and other cast hbllow-ware, con-
sisting of the oval socket D E E', pintle F F^ tongue I, and aperture H, or their equivalents,
the whole being combined and operating as set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATEKTS. 599

No. 39,555.— HEimv W. De Puy, of Jalapa, Dodge oonnty, Territory of Nebmskft, m-
Bignor to Himself and Dajtiel E. Bombs, of Washington, D. C. — Improvement in Cooking'
Stove Covers 6r Shields, — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The shield has a rim on its upper
edge by which it maintains its bold upon the stove-top while the body is recessed and pro-
jects downwardly into the flue of the stove so as to hold the recessed bottom portion of the
cooking utenftil.

Claim. — The combined stove cover and shield, as shown in figure 2, when used in con-
nation with any cooking utensil, as and tor the purpose set forth.

No. 39,556.— Thomas J. Duxkin, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in the Manufacture
of Textile Fabrics. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The invention consists in the use of the
oown of the Asclepias Syriaca, pure or mixed with other fibre, in the manufacture of textile
fabric, batting, &c.

Claim. — ^Tho employment or use in the manufacture of textile fabrics, Ac, of the silky
down contained in the seed cells of miik-wesd or Asclepias Syriaca, substantially in the '
manner herein set forth and described.

No. 39,557. — James Eaton, of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Spindles of Spinning
Machines. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The improvement consists of a small projection
or nipple on the end of the spindle, which, while it temporarily detains the yam, brings it
near to the axis of rotation.

Claim. — ^The small nipple or projection, bavin? its base upon a shoulder, which extends
to the periphery of the spindle, by which means the yam is brought near to the axis of rota-
tion, and at the same tune prevented from slipping off the end of the spindles, as herein

described.

«

No. 39,558.— G. Eberius and F. A. Hetnig, of Washington, Mo. — Improvement in
Grinding Mills. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^To obviate the heating of the flour, in the
process of grinding, a blast of air is introduced through apertures in the ranner, and thence
Detwcen the stones carrying the flour, which is discharged into the enlarged chamber around
the stones and from thence collected into a spout.

Claim.^-'Vhe introduction of a continuous current of air between the gprinding surfaces of
millstones, in combination with the open spacer and receiving chaml]^r A, all being con-
structed and arranged substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,559.— DAXfiEL L. E^IERSON, of Rockford, Winnebago county, J\l —Improvement
in Haroestcrs. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The invention consists in making the finger
beam exten^i'ible for cutting swaths of different widths by means of making one of its parts
overlap the other so a? to bring a greater or less number of fingers into use; the i^ear part of
the frame and the divider is regulated to coiTcspond with the said extension.

The lower edge of the gathering board or wing of the divider is so combined with the other
portion as to present the win^ in anv required position to the grain to gather more or less to
the sickle, the point of the divider being fastened in such a manner that it has a vertical
and a lateral motion.

Claim. — An extensible finger beam constmcted of parts combined together in such manner
that one part overlaps another so as to be capable of extension and construction by over-
lapping tne parts lo.)s or more, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of an extensible nnger beam with a back beam adapted to secure
the rear of the divider frame in different positions, substantially as horem set forth.

Also, the combination of the gathering board of the divider at its lower edge with the fixed
part of the divider, by means of hin^ connexions and an a^jastable controlling instmment,
)u such manner that this board can be set at a greater or less inclination to gather in less or
more grain, substantially as herem set forth.

Also, the combination of the divided point with the remainder of the divider, by fastenings,
in such a manner that it can be set in different positions both laterally and vertically, sub-
stantially as herein set forth. .

No. 33,560.— R. B. Frrrs and J. W. Thackara, of Philadelphia, Pa —Improved Hand
Cji/<irafor.— Patent issued August 18, 1863; antedated January 16, 1863.— This tool is intended
for cultivating around plants which are grown singly in hills, and consists of a central ver*
tical handle attached to a ring provided in its mterior with detachable cutters or teeth,
scrapers, and hilling plates. The ring is sot down around the plant and revolved by the
handle, tilling the soil or hilling it if so desired.

Claim. — First, the stem A, in combination with the rin^ B/ constracted and arranged to
receive the detachable teeth C C C, and cutting scrapers D D D, substantially in the manner
describ^ and set forth, for the purposes specified.

Second, thj teeth C C C in combination with the rin^ B, the said teeth being arranged 80>
that they may be detached, substantially as described tor the purpose specified.

Third, the cutting scrapers D D D, in combination with the ring B, the said scrapers being,
.arranged substantially as described for the purpose specified



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600 INHUAL REP<»T OF THB

Fowthf in eombmation with the stem A and rinfi^ B, Uie OTlindrioal cotter £, tbe i
being made ac|)nstable on the stem A, sabstantially as deeoribed and set forth for the por-
poees specified.

Fifth, in combination with the cylindrical cutter E, the detachable hilling plates F F F,
the said plates being formed and arranged to operate therewith in the manner snbstanUailj
as described for the purpose speciHed.

No. 39,561.— Henry E. Funchbauoh, of Conestoga Centre, Lancaster connty, Pa.->
Improvement in Carriage Wheels. — Patent dated August J 8, 1863. — ^The metallic spokes are
screwed into projections on the tire and converge alternately toward points on each side of a
central line around the hub, which is moulded and cast around the inner ends of the spokes.

Claim. — ^The wrought-iron spokes, when inserted directly into the ridge r on the tire, by
means of a screw cut on the outer end, bringing their other ends alternately to the right
and left of a central line around the hub, in wnich they are firmly imbedded, by haying the
hub moulded and cast around them, substantially in the manner specified.

No. 39,562.— James B. Francis, of Lowell, Mass,—lmnrovemeiU in Shaft Bearing$,^
Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The inyention consists in tne employment of mercury as a
bearing for upright shafts, which is accomplished by placing a quantity of this metal in a
suitable receptade, and causing a drum or circular float, which is attadied to the shi^ and
reyolyes with it, to be partially or wholly immersed in the mercury.

Claim, — ^The employment of mercury as a bearing for upright shafts, substantially in the
manner as set forth.

No. 39,563.— Elbridge Gale, of Payilion, Kendall county, TH-^Improvement in Wire
Fences, — Patent dated August 18, 1863.— The wire is drawn through the holes in the posts
and wrapped or bent to maintain its tension while the ends are mstened by being hooked
together, tne barbs of the hooltis being confined by links.

Claim, — ^First, the fastening of the wire firmly to the posts by looping or wrapping the
wire around the whole or a portion of the posts, or by drawing the wire through the post and
bending on either side, as described.

Second, the use of the link A, in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,564.— Thomas W. Goodwin, of Portsmouth, Y&.— Improvement in Enpne Levers.—
Patent dated August 18, 1863.— This deyice consists of a leyer attached to the main-shaft,
immediately or otherwise, and so arranged with cross-bars, the lower one armed with teeth
engaging the ratchet wheel on the main shaft, that the teeth may be made to engage with
either the right or the left hand movement and propel the ratchet wheel in a corresponding
diroction, slipping oyer the ratchet teeth on the return motion.

Claim. — lirst, the use of the lower cross-balance bar «, haying the teeth ^^, substantially
as and for the purpose described.

Second, the construction and use of the upper cross-balance bar k in one solid piece, of
the form of an inyerted cross, substantially as and for the pm'pose set forth.

No. 39,565.— Carroll E. Gray, of St. Louis, TAo,— Improvement in Apparatus for Ren^
dering Oils and FaC«.— Patent dated August 18, 1863.— In this apparatus the fluid fat is
quietly removed from the digester into a reservoir without taking off the steam pressure, the
condition and quantity of the fat being observable as it passes by means of a glass section in
the connecting pipe.

Claim, — First, the application of a second steam-tight vessel for receiving melted foX or
other fluid material that may have been cooked under steam pressure, and for cooling down
and purifying the same until it is in a proper condition for exposure to the atmosphere, sab-
atantially os before described.

Second, the placing of a glass tube in the draw-off pipe firom the digester, or similar appa-
ratus for the treatment of material under steam pressure for the purpose specified, substan-
tially as before described.

No. 39,566. — ^Richard Greoo, of Lawrencebnrg, Dearborn county, Ind. — Improvement
in Stock for Shearing 5A««p.— Patent dated August 18, 1863.— This consists of clamps for
holding the legs of the sheep, made adjustable as to height and relative inclination, b^ means
of the rotation of the bar on whose ends they are placed ; and likewise by the vertical and
horizontal adjustment of the arm, upright, and bed-piece, so as to present the sheep in anj
position required.

C/aiifi.— The a^*ustable upright D, in combination with the arm E, formed of two parts
g A, connected together by a swivel joint i, and the revolving bar F, provided with clamps G,
and fitted in the outer ena of the arm £, all being arranged substantially as and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

No. 39,567.— Thomas J. Hallioan, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Sewinf Mm-^
Mme Shuttles. -^TAient dated August 18, 1863.— The improvements consist of a hinged krer



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COMMISSIOHBB OF PATENTS. 601

bobbin fintme consisting of a stationuy and a paiaU^l jaw with a tension screw, by which a
pressnre is broiufht npon the spindle of the bobbin ; also of a smooth bar spanning an open-
ing in the top of the shuttle, around which bar the waxed thread is wound to assist in regu*
lating the tension.

Claim, — ^First, a shuttle for waxed-thread sewing machines constructed with the hinged
lever bobbin frame and direct-acting tension screw, substantlallj as shown in fig^oie 3, for
the purposes set forth.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the smooth transverse bar c, opening b',
formed as described, and bobbin b, whereby the desired tension on the thread is obtained,
and, while I pass the thread through the top of the shuttle, prevent the scraping off of the
wax from the thread, substantially as descrioed.

No. 39,568. — Charles B. and John Hardick, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvemmt m
Valves for Pump$. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The improvement consists of stops to
check the motion of the valve, the said stops extending all across the valve chamber.

Claim, — ^The stops p^ extending from side to side of the valve chest over the seat, and
receiving the cylindrical or prismatic valves, as specified.

No. 39,509.— Emanuel Harmon, of Washington, D. C— -/wproremeftf in Stockings.-^FtkU
ent issued August 18, 1863 ; antedated March 1, 1863. — ^The stockings are made in sections and
afterwards *' sewed" together so that any particular part may be renewed that may hava
become worn.

Claim. — As a new article of manufacture, sections of stockings made as and for the pur-
poses specified.

No. 39,570.— Emanuel Harmon, of Washington, D. C.—Improvememt in St9cking$. —
Patent issued August 18, 1863 ; antedated March 12, 1863.— The stocking is made of textile
material, and die neels and toes covered with flexible leather.

Claim. — ^As an improved article of manufacture, stockings made of any textile material
and covered at the heels and toes with flexible leather, or its equivalent, substantially as
deseribed.

No. 39,571.— Edward A. Hill, of Galesburg, HI.— /mprowmeiif in Galvanie Batteries. —
Patent issued August 18, 1863; antedated April 9, 1862.— The invention consists in so ar-
ran^ng the elements of the battery that the negative metal is placed in the bottom of the
jar, immersed in a strong solution of a salt of said metal, while the positive metal is suspended
high up in the said jar in a dilute saline solution, the different specific gravities of the solu-
tions admitting of the respective positions of the solutions being maintained without a porous
cup or partition.

Claim. — ^Tho peculiar local positions of the elements with reference to each other, and the
use of two or more saline solutions without a porous partition to separate them, substantially
as set forth.

No. 39,572. — J. M. Hoadlet, of Derby, New Haven county. Conn. — hnprovement in
Crochet Needles. ^F&teni issued August 18, 1863; antedated Jamiitfy 17, 1863.— The needles
are pivoted to the handle and close therein like a pocket knife ; when dosed, a ferule slifM
over the end and secures it closed, and when open the ferule slips npon it and holds it
ateadily open.

C^rn.— A crochet needle or instrument so constructed that the needle may bo folded or
closed into the handle, and distended, or held out firmly in a working position, at pleasure,
aubetantially as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,573.— Thomas T. Holdsworth, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement in Orates for
Furnaces.— VaXeat dated August 18, 1863.-r-The alternate grate bars have lugs projecting
downwardly from their lower edges, in which a cam on a rocK*shaft is made to engage, so as
by the motion of the shaft to move the said alternate grate bare longitudinally to dear them
from accumulation of ashes.

Claim.— The arrangement of the shaft D, cams a, and lever E with the fdtemate toothed
bars, in the manner herein shown and described, so as to produce the motion upon said al-
ternate bars in connexion wiUi the teeth, all as set forth.

No. 39,574.— Lewis Hover, of Chicago, Hi.— Improved Case for a Ratchet Wheel for
Lomjis.— Patent dated August 18, 1863.— The invention consists of a cap or cover to protect
the wick-elevator which is attached to the wick-tube, by the passage of the ends of the cap
through perforations in the tube, one of the ends bdng made to press upon the wick to sus-
tain it in the tube.

Ckim.— First, the described manner of securing the cap on the wick tube or burner, by
inserting one or both ends of said cap in perforations made in the burner for that puipose.

Second, one or more perforations made in the burner for the insertion of the ends of the
cap, and thus constituting a fasteninff for said cap, as explained.

Third, the cap herein described, when one or both ends are made to act as a spring or
wick sustainor, as explained.



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602 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

No. 39,575.— Isaiah S. and John W. Hyatt, Jr., of Chicago, HL—buproved Ice Creeper.^
Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^This creeper consists of a piate to be secured to the heel by
a screiv, and haTing on its upper side a spur which enters the leather, and thus, by locking
it, prevents rotation, while the downwardly projecting points penetrate the surfiEice of the ice.

Claim. — ^The self-locking creeper, herein descnbed, as a new article of manufacture, the
same being a single piece, with toe central screw A holding spurs D and ice spurs or surfaces
C, arranged to operate together, subsftantially as herein described.

No. 39,576. — Pierre Joufin, of Rochefort, France. — Improvement in Preserving Iron
Plated and Other Vessels, — ^Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The iron composing the frame
and siding of the ship is covered with sheet zinc, zinc paint, or felt spnukied with metallic
zinc, according to location and circumstances. To prevent incrustations on ships* bottoms
and marine works, they are covered with a compound of herbith mineral and Prussian blue,
which, in contact with the alkaline chlorides of sea-water, produce a poisonous compound.

Claim. — First, the applying^, and the mode of applying on the internal part of the holder
of iron ships, zinc sheets, either alone or combined with the use of a metallic zinc paint, or
of felt sprinkled with metallic zinc powder, to preserve iron-plated and other ships from the
destructive action of sea-water, as hereinbefore described.

Second, the production of a poisonous compound and its application to iron ships* bottoms,
and to wood employed to secure dikes, embankments, docks, and for naval and other con-
atmctions, in order to prevent, for the former, the deposit of barnacles and sea-weeds, and to
protect the latter from ix^jurr from teredos, as hereinbefore described.

Third, the application to iron articles of a naint having pulverised metallic zinc for base
to replace the rod lead paint, as hereinbefore aescribed.

No. 39,577.— WiLUAM 8. Judd, of Clanhassen, Carver county, "Minn,— Improvement in
Pumps. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^This consists of a submerged pump having a tubu-
lar rotating and reciprocating piston rod and valve and stationary water passages within
the cylinder.

Claim, — ^The tubular reciprocating rotating piston rod C, provided with the piston E, in
combination with the plates d, placed within the cylinder A, and provided with valves M,
all arranged to operate as set forth, and either with or without the pipe N.

No. 39,578.— Hiram A. Kimball, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mprorcment in Artificial
Limbs, — Patent dated Au^t 18, 1863. — The improvement consists in the use of vulcanized
gum cast in the requisite form for the purpose.

Claim. — ^As a new article of manufacture, an artificial limb having its members made of
vulcanized g^um, cast in moulds, and in imitation of the exterior fonn of the natural limb,
as set forth for the purpose specified.

No. 39,579.— Henry Knight, of Brooklyn, N. Y,^Improved Drain Tile itfa^Atne.- Pat-
ent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The clay is filled into an outer cylinder, and the interior sur-
face of the pipe is made by drawing a tapering former or mole through the mass ; the axial
position of tne former is secured by a central guide rod on which the tool traverses. The rings
on the upper and lower ends of the cylinder form the sqa^ire ends of the pipe, their central
orifice corresponding to the diameter of the former.

Claim, — First, guiding and directing the passages of the forming tool through the pipe, in
its operation of spreading the cement thereon, by means of a stationary rod G, substantially
as described.

Second, the employment of base and cap rings a e, or thehr equivalents, in conjunction
with a conical forming tool G, substantially as and for the purposes descnbed.

No. 39,580. — ^Willard Knowi.es, of Boston, -Mass. — Improvement in Hose Couplings, —
Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The hose necks are connected to two interlocking flanges, so
constructed that one may be inserted axially into the other, and on being revolved therein
a short distance, will be retained in it ; quadrantal arc projections on one part lapping on cor^
responding portions of the other part.

Claim. — ^'rbe said improved hose coupling as consisting of the two interlocking connexions
C D, and the screws g a, constructed, arranged, and applied together, and to the hose necks
or tubes A B, substantially in maimer as specified.

No. 39,581. — J. H. Lee, of Leavenworth, Kansas. — Improvement in Locks for Wheel F«-
hicles. — Patent dated August 18, J 863. — This improvement consists of jointed bars with toes
which are projected by the locking lever from the lower edge of the bed, so that the toes en-
gage with the felloes of the wheels, and prevent their rotation ; they are disconnected by a
trigger arrangement which frees the toes and allows the wheels to slide past, when the piarts
ore restored to their normal position by springs, and by the return of the locking lever.

Claim, — First, the emplo^ent or use of one or two bars G attached to the body of the
rehicle, and arrans^ with joints in such a manner that they may be moved in both a verti-
oal and horizontal plane, and provided with hooks I, which, by the movements of the bais



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COMMISSrONBB OF PATENTS. 603'

aforesaid, may be engaged with or detached from the wheels, in order to lock and nnlock the
same, as set forth*

Second, the manner of attaching or arranging the hooks I with the bars G, so as to admit
of the former being readily released from the wheels, 'to wit : by having the hooks I attached
to rods H, which are pivoted in slots in the bars G, and having springs i connected with the
hooks and arms J, or any suitable clicks to en^gewith the rods H, substantially as set forth.

Third, the shaft B provided with the spring E, tne lever 0, and arm L, with the rods K, and
arms J, in combination with the bars G, spring M, and rods II provided with the hooks I,
all arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,582. - Dennis G. Littlepield, of Albany, N. Y, ^Improvement in Coal Stoves, —
Patent dated August 16, 1863. — For the purpose of heating the chamber in the base of the
stove, the lire-pot is suspended therein ; the supply chamber is suspended from the upper sec-
tion above the fire-pot, the mouth of the said cfaiamber immediately exposed to the fire cou-
sistin^ of a soapstone or clay cylinder, separately suspended by ears and hasps from the
supenor portion of the said chamber.

Clmim. — In stoves using a supplying cylinder for reserve coal, and an external case suf-
rounding the same, the suspension or arrangement of the fire-pot or burning chamber, in a
chamber at the base of the stove, entirely shut off or separated from the chamber which



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 104 of 164)