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receives the heat directly from the burning fuel, and the heated products of combustion, so
that the said chamber C may separately receive the heat radiated from the outer surfaces of the
fire-pot, and transmit it to the surrounding case, and from thence radiate it near the floor, to
the apartment to be warmed, substantially as herein specified.

In combination with the fire-pot, suspended or arranged in a separate chamber at the base
of the stove, also, the suspension of the supplying cylinder in the combustion and heat trans-
mitting chamber G, above and separate from the nr($-pot, substantially as and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

Also, suspending the detachable soapstone or fire-brick supporting cylinder L of the sepa-
rately suspended supplying cylinder, by means of the eyes o o, and stirrups or hasps p p, or
their equivalents, in order that the said section may be detached from oelow, without the
necessity of raising it through the supplying cylinder itself, substantially as herein specified.

Also, the construction and arrangement of the stove, in such a manner that it not only may
be a connected individual whole, but may be readily separated into two sections, (Figs. 3 and
4,) each complete in itself, to the extent described when thus applied in relation to the sus-
pended fire-pot in a separate chamber at the base of the stove, and to the separately suspended
supplying cylinder, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,583.— Richard McDowell, of Lambertsville, Hunterdon county, N. J. —Improved
Variable Exhaust for Locomotives, — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The size of the opening
of the exhaust is modified by the action of the steam which operates against the pressure of
the spring which tends to close the wings.

Claim, — The combination of the spring g with the wings b b and exhaust D, in the man-
ner herein shown and described.

No. 39,584.— Harman Oster, of Philadelphia, Fa,— Improvement in Pantaloons,— Patent
dated August 18, 1863. — ^The le&^ of the ^rment is made of one entire piece, having but one
seain, which commences at the bottom ot the fore part, and runs up in a line with the open-
ing in front

Claim. — A garment having legs, each leg formed by the sutures C I D H £ J, substan-
tially as shown and describe£

No. 39,535.— William Pinkerman, of Bridgeport, Conn. — Improvement in Faucets. —
Patent issued August 18, 1863; antedated Novemoer 12, 1862. — ^This consists of a double
cylinder, the inner one traversing in the outer, by means of a screw thread, and rotated by the
engagement of the square on the end of the fiiucet with the socket in the outer end of the in-
ner cylinder.

Claim, — ^The double screw faucet A and B, the inner one travelling in and out by the ac-
tion of the coupling D, in the manner described and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

No. 39,586.— William Porter, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Lanterns.— TAiout
dated August 18, 1863. — ^The improvement consists of an annular piece of cork, leather, or
similar material, placed in the socket through which the cap of the lamp is inserted, so that
the latter may be slipped vertically downwards ; the shaft of the wick-raiser being in line
with the slot in the case, through which it passes to the outside of the lantern.

Claim, — ^The socket N provided with a ring e of leather, cork, or other suitable material,
in connexion with the smooth cylindrical part/ of the cap, substantially as and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

No. 39,587.— A- D. PuPPER, of Somerville, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improved Soda- Water
Cm^/.— Patent dated August 18, 1863.— The ofcyect of the invention is to avoid the estab*



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€04 ANKUAL REPOET OF THE

Hshment of a central current in the pipes, which shall not be in direct contact with the cold
surface of the pipes, by compelling the soda-watef to impinge against the adjacent end of
the cylinder next in coarse, and then being reversed, to flow against the snHace of the cylin-
der to its opposite end, andthure reverting, do passed into tho next pipe to be similarly treated.
CUim. — 80 constructing the inlet and outlet pipes of a series or system of cooling cylin-
ders, and the pipea connecting said cylinders, that the orifices in said pipes shall bo iKljaGeot
to the nearest ends of said cylmders, substantially a^ and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,r)8d.~CHARLRii H. RoBiNSOM, of Bath, Sagadahock county, Me,—ImprovmeiU
in Hay and Cotton Prc5#«f.— Patent dated August 18, 1863.— The press consists of two levers
which are connected bv rods to the uprights of the frame and supported on bars, the lower
ends of which rest on the upper platform, while to the upper ends of the levers are attached
rods by which the follower of the press is suspended and raised as the lower ends of the
levers are drawn in by the action of the ropes and pulleys.

Claim, — The levers B B, and bars C, coimected together as shown, in combination with
the follower G, rods £ F, and windlass H, all being arranged and applied to the framing A,
to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39, 589. ^D AVID BoBOfSON, of Cold Spring, Putnam county, N. Y,—Imfrof>ement in
Appljfing IVash to Sand Jfon^.— Patent dated August 18, 1863.>-This device consists of
a central tube with a funnel, and is contained in a cyhnder with a conical head ; its purpose is
to be introduced into a sand mould to apply a wash coating to the interior surface.

Claim, — ^Tho cvlinder A, provided with an internal tube B, and shell D, of conical or other
form, all arranged and combined substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,590.— Ives Scoville, of Chicago, lH^Improtement in Machinttfor Making Nuts
and /Fa«/iers.— Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The work of the machine is done upon a
horizontal rotating disk which carries the die blocks; these slide freely up and down in square
apertures in the disk so that the nuts may bo punched and swaged while lying in the apertare,
and then be thrown out by the rising of the block. The said disk rests upon a stationary
disk which has cams on its upper surface to raise the die blocks. The blanks are cut upon
a stationary table over the revolving die carrier, and drop into the pockets in the earner,
which has an intermittent motion, bringing the contents of the pockets successively imder
the punches.

Claim, — ^First, in a machine for making pedbrated nuts or washers, combining a stationary
bed G with one or more cams G^' on its working £»ce, a rotating die-carrying disk, and a hori-
Bontally oscillating and vertically sliding ring G^ substantiiSly as and for the purpose set
forth.

Second, in a machine for making perforated nuts or washers, providing the ffroove t, in
and around the under side of the oie-carrying di^ H, substantLaUy as and for tne purpose
set forth.

Third, punching nuts or washers upon the top of perforated sliding die boxes g' and within
enclosing and supporting walls of the dies of the rotating disk, substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.

Fourth, both swathing and punching nuts or washers at ona operation upon the top of per-
forated slidine die boxes ^ of a rotating disk H while the metal out of which too nut is
formed is enclosed by the walls of the die, substantially as and for tho purpose set forth.

Fifth, in a machine which makes perforated nuts or washers, effecting the discharge of the
finished nuts or washers at the top of the horizontally rotating die-carrying disk H by means
of sliding pertbrated die blocks ^, which are carried around with the rotating disk H, sub-
stantially as set forth.

Sixth, in a machine which makes perforated nuts or washers, constructing the bed G with
a hub in combination with the fitting of the bed and the die-carrying disk together, by means
of a screw or screws and a spring, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Seventh, fitting the ring G' to the bed G, and upon springs, sAstantially as and for the
purpose set forth.

£Iighth, constructing the die-carrying disk of a machine which makes perforated nuts or
washers with inclines e' and notches C, in combination with the constructing of tho ring
G', with inclines e^ substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Ninth, the combination in a machine which makes perforated nuts or washers of a rock
shaft N, retaining catch R, inclines « e', and notches t, substantially as and for the purpose
aet forth.

Tenth, the combination in a machine which makes perforated nuts or washers of the rock
shaft N, retaining catch R, notches <, inclines « e% cams G^ and movable perforated die
boxes g', substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Eleventh, the comSination in a machine which makes perforated nats or washers of the
flal or plain end cutting tool K, and a table L, which has a stationary enclosed guiding and
cutting die formed m it, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Twelfth, in a machine which makes perforated nuts or washers, the table L, with its die
k, constructed in it, arranged over the die-carrying disk H, and in the rehition described to



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 605

ihe pockets ^, and so that it forms an independent or anxfliary die and an enclosing gvAde
for truly delivering the blanks into the pockets, substantially as set forth.

Thirteenth, a stationary die table L, with ledpfes 1 1\ and guide die k, for use in oonnexioii
wjlh machines which make perforated nuts or washers, substantially as set forth.

Fourteenth, producing tho blanks from a strip of metal within an enclosed aoxiHarf die
and immediately delivenng them therefrom into the pockets g^ substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.

No. 39,591. — Joseph N. SMim, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Imw&fJtmBnt in Ma^/nine Fire*
Arms. — Patent issued August 18, 1863 ; antednted January 21, 1863. — ^The stock ot this fire>«na
is divided longitudinally and vertically, and contains a groove formisr a magazine for cart-
ridges which are fed aloug by a follower drawn by a cord and spnng.,The cartridges lie side
by side in the groove transversely to the axis of the piece, ana are received and turned by
a turn-table, from whence they are driven by a plunger operated by a toothed pinion into a
cylinder, the plunger acting on a recoil shield. The cock is raised by means of a partially
cogged wheel and retained by the engagement of a notch; the cylinder is operated by a cam
wheel, plate, and bar, so as to make the right presentation of its chamber to the rear end of
the bore.

Claim. — First, constructing the stock of the g^n in two parts with a broad groore A', so
that the cartridges may bo placed in said groove horizontally transverse to the stock, sub-
stantially as herein set forth.

Second, the wheel 17 and ratchet 16, nsed as described with the cord 1.5, and follower 14,
and .spring 18, for moving and stationing the cartridges, substantially as specified.

Third, toe turn-table £, with openings for admitting the cartridges laterally, operating
subs' antially as specified, for the purpose of turning the cartridges in the right direction, sub-
stantiallv as set forth.

Fourth, the use of the opening through the breech-piece at R, corresponding with the
opening in cylinder C, for the purpose herein set fonh.

Fifth, the employment of thn rack bar C, in combination with the spring catch or brace
1), constructed and operating substantially as set forth.

Sixth, the employment of the cam wheel L and plate M, or their equivalents, constructed
and operating substantially as set forth.

Seventh, the use of the bar N, or its equivalent, for operating cylinder and table £, as
herein set IV>rth.

Eighth, the employment of the segment H, as constructed, when used in comiexion with
the cock and the segment pinion on the shaft D, arranged substantiallv as set forth.

Ninth, the employment of the wiper 8, or its equivalent, and the plate 7, for the purpose
specified.

No. 39,592.— Daniel E. Somes, of Washington, D. C—ImprvvtmaU in Fire-ttrm:^
Patent dated August 18, 18t>3. — In this fire-arm the ball is held in the barrel by means of
sliding bolts opera ed by springs and gauge screws until the maximum explosive force
of the char^ is attained, when the ball is instantly liberated.

C/fltm. - First, the construction of a gun so that by means of spring, or their equivalents,
tho ball or projectile shall be held at any given point of the barrel until any required force of
the charge is exerted upon it.

Second, the sliding bolts e « e, the springs ///, and the g^uge screws g g g^ substantiMly
as and for tho purpose described.

No. 39,593.— Joseph Nottingham Smith, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement in Elon-
gated Projectile for Fire-arms, — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — This improvement consists
of an elongated cylinder to fill the bore of the gun, having a charge chamber in its rear por-
tion which contains the powder for propulsion. The point consists of a pointed axial bolt
whose rear is furnished with a percuxsion cap to be exploded by the forward motion of a
striker on the concassion of the projectile. The spaces within the striker, around and to
the rear of it, are connected, filled with powder, and successively exploded, forcing the
pointed bolt further into the object struck.

Claim. — First, the combination of the point bolt E and cylinder D with their powder
chambers m and t, arran^d so as to ignite the powder therein successively, from the con-
cussionof the projectile in striking, substantially as and for the purpose herein specifit^d.

Second, the arrangement of the mag^azine chamber A, in the shaft of the projectile, in
combination with the powder chamber i and m, so as to fire the powder in succession, after
thu firing of the charges in tho other chambers, substantially as and for the purposes herein
set forth.

No. 39,594.— E.M. Stevens, of Boston, Mass., assigpiorto Alfred B. Ely, of Newton,
"MsLss.— Stiffening for Heels rf Boots and 5Aoes.— Patent dated August 18, 1863.— Tho stiffen-
ing heel cap consists of a mixture of India-rubber and fibrous material.

Claim. — As a new article of manufacture, for the heels of boots and shoes, a stiffening naade
of India-rubber, mixed with ground rags, or other suitable fibrous material, substantially a«
set forth and for the purpose described.

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606 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE '



No. d9,595.-*-AuovsTU8 W. Sus, of N«w York, N. Y.-^JmprowjMta m AmhUrnmei."
Patent dated Aa^ust 18, 1863. — The lovrer.tier in the ambulance U prorided witi foldint
liineed boards wUch serve aa seats or bods ; the upper ^er is adapted for cots, or to be feldeo
back for loadinj]^ or unloading the ambulance ; a bead rest to the cots allows of their being
folded away, and a water tank is furnished under tho bed.

CUim. — First, tho movable seats £ £', constructed and secured substantially as set forth.

Second, the hinged cots or stretchers K K^ in tho described combination with tho movable
Boats E £'.

Third, the folding head and foot rests M N, applied to the hinged cots K K, substantiallj
as shown and described. '

Fourth, the descnbed arrangement of the water tank U, and drawer V, bonealh the body
A of the ambulance. ^

No. 39,596. —Elisha A. Sutclifpe, of New York, N. Y. - Improvement in Breeth-loading
Ordnmnce. — Patent dated August 18, 1863.— The circular breech plate, which occupies a groove
at the rear of and which is larger than the bore of the gun, is hung by a pin to the end of a
hollow screw plug, which as it rotates admits of tho dropping of tho breech-piece to allow tbe
insertion of the load from the rear and by tho return motion closes the breech tightly within
its appropriate groove.

Claim, — Connecting the movable breech-piece C with the hollow tightening and sustain-
ing screw B, by means of a pin c, or its equivalent, by which the turning of the said screw in
and out is made to raise and lower the breech-piece and so close 'the breech of the gun sub-
stantially as herein described.

No. 39,597.— James P.Tostevin, of Racine, Wis.—Improtement in Cultirators.—VaJteni
dated August 18, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the method of attaching the teeth to
the frame, which is by a hook, with a shank and nut in the frame above the tooth, and a
forked brace abutting against a rear bar of the framo and secured by a staple.

Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of braces H, hooks 1, nuts J, and staples Li
operating substantially in the manner and for tho purposes set fonh.

No. 39,598.— B. T. Trimmer, of Rochester, N. Y,— Improvement in Snmt Mi//^.- Patent
dated August 18, 1863. — The apparatus consists of a conical case with toeth projecting from
its inner surface, and a cone conesponding to tho case in form, and likewise armed with teeth
which revolve in the intervals of those in the case, llie fans or beaters are seeured upon tbe
cone by being screwed to one of the faces of the triangular jacks or lugs» being removed from
one face to the other according to the direction in which the cone is to be revolved. They
are secured bv screws which enter slots in the lugs.

Claim, — ^The double-faced bearings or lu^ H if, provided with the slots k k, or their equiva-
lent, in combination with the beaters 1 1, tor attaching, adjustfng, and shifting said beaters,
and adapting the machine to be run in either direction, substantiaUy as herein described.

Also, m combination with the beaters thus attached and adjusted, and provided with teeth
m m, the intermatching teeth fi «, arranged and operating substantially as and for the purposes
herein specified.

No. 39,599.— Thomas Wren, of San Francisco, C&i.^ImprovevMnt in Artificial Legs. -
Patent dated Augnst 18, 1863. — ^The improvements consist in the flexor and extensor cords
and springs by which the mctions of tho knee, ankle, and toes are given. The metatarsal
tendons pass over the instep and up over a pulley and down to a lug attached to the hcol
The tendon Achilles has an insertion to the samo spot on the heel and is carried up over a
roller attached to a spring. The metatarsal joints are further governed by springs inserted
in the foot ; a strap seemed to the foot at two points suspends it from an elastic point of at-
tachment in the leg, and the motions of the kueo are governed by cords passing over rollers
and attached to the knee-pan.

Claim. — First, in combination with the toe and metatarsal joints the cord e and sprinM S
and S', for raising and lowering the toes and metatarsal joint, substantially as herein described.

Second, the cords a, and strap or cord a', in combination with the pulleys p and p\ sub-
stantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Third, in combination with pivoted foot C, the strap r, passing over pulley p, for the pur-
pose of giving steadiness to the ankle joint, substantially as herein described.

Fourth, the knee-pan K, in combination with cords ti, and pulleys o, for the purpose of re-
taining the leg in any desired position while in a sitting posture, substantially m the manner
herein described.

Fillh, in combination with the tendon Achilles strap X, the strap t, and spring S'", sub-
stantially in the manner and for tho purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,600.— Henry P. Westcott, of Seneca Falls, N. Y.— Improvement in Chum Dash-
'ers. — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^Two dashers arc placed upon the shaft, the lower one
of a circular form and attached to tho lower end of tho shaft, tbe upper one of an inverted
conical shape and a<^ustAbIe on the threaded shaft so as to work efficiently on the amount



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C0MMIS8I0NEK OP PATENW. 607

of cream than prdsent. The dashen are both perforated and the upper one fixed at itA p«int
of adjustment uj a jam nut

Ciaim, — ^First, toe dasher A, oonstriicted and made adjustable aa and for the purpose set
forth.

Second, the adjustable dasher A, in combination with the dasher, or its equivalent.

No. 39,t>01.— John Wheatley. of the Royal Navy, England.— /mpr»re<f Shxp-of-War,^
Patent dated Au^t 18, 1863 ; patented in England December 2, 186i. — The ship is formed
with a sharp projecting bow forming an angle with the keel of about 25^. The deck forms
a glacis covered with armor plates. The g^ns are mounted so as to trail forward and are
directed or ** laid on *' to the mark by the steering of the ship.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the sharp bow and glacis, u>rward of the centre of the ship,
so as to admit of the placing and ** laying " of the guns, by the steerage of the ship, as set
forth and shown.

No. 39,602— John A. WiUPPLE, of Boston, Mass.— Camera 5««iwf.— Patent dated August
18, 1863 — ^The stand has a sliding support being raised by means of helical springs acting
upon fuses and cords, and depressed by the hand in opposition to the influence of the springs.
Its motion is arrested by a brake lever.

C/ai/R.— Elevating and arresting the camera by the mechanism arranged and operating sub-
stantially as herein described.

No. 39,603. — ^E. Whiteley, of Cambridge, Mass. — Improvement in Cooking Apparatus, — .
Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The kettle with its steam jacket and lower portions is cast
solid in one piece.

Claim, — Casting the kettle A in one piece with its steam chamber B and solid portions £,
in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described.

No. 39,604.— Norman WiaRD, of New York, N. Y. - Improvement in the Construction of
Ordnance. — Patent dated Aug^t 18, 1863. — ^This gun is so constructed that a series of cavi-
ties exist in the thicker portion of the gun so arranged as that the gun when heated by rapid
firing and thereby expanded unequally may not be fractured ; the gun consisting practically
of a central solid portion, a zone of webs or connecting flanges, and an enveloping reinforce
band.

Claim, — ^First, the within-described arrangement in guns of the oblique holes B, for the
purpose of promoting both the longitudinal and radial expansion of the inner metal as herein
set forth.

Second, in connexion with such holes B, or with equivalent holes or parts thereof extending
parallel or nearly parallel to the axis, the employment of the oblique or curved connexions
A3, between the outer and inner metal of a gun for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, the within-descnbed arrangement and combinaUon of a highly compressive reinforce
A2, the elastic webs A3, and the interior metal Al, of a gun, substantially as and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

No. 39,605.— S. Lloyd Wiegand, of Philadelphia, Vt^.-^Improvement in the Manufacture
of Illuminating Gas, — Patent dated August 18, 1863. — ^The improvement is in the mode of
construction of the retorts and the manner of arranging them in the furnace. The retorts are
placed neariy vertically extending through an oven above a furnace and so constructed as to
oe withdrawn endwise without disturbing the setting. The crown of the oven is of tiles and
the oven heated by flues controlled by dampers. The retorts are charged with carbon from
the top and receive the hydro-carbon material through pipes at the top, and the generated
gas passes through pipes at the lower end.

Claim, — First, the hereinbefore described form of retorts, whether cylindric or prismatic, as
hereinbefore described, when arranged in the oven in the manner and for the purpose set forth
and used as hereinbefore spedfied.

Second, the arrangement of flues and dampers when combined as set forth with the retorts
of the form specified.

Third, the construction of the top of the oven when used in combination with the retorts
ar hereinbefore specified.

No. 39,606. — S. Lloyd Wiegand, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Manufacture of
Illuminating Oas, — ^Patent dated August 18, 188 J. — ^'fhe invention consists in separating the '
volatile parts of coals, &c, by passing superheated steam through them at a high tempera-
ture, ana redistilling the volatile products in the presence of a supply of superheated steam
for the purpose of converting them permanently into illuminating gas.

C/«tm.— ^he combination of the processes of separating the volatile parts of hydro-carbons,
by ihe aid of superheated steam at a lower temperature than will convert the hydro-carbons
into gas, and the subsequent decomposition of said volatilized hydro-carbons simultaneously
with superheated steam in the presence of incandescent carbon, at temperatures which con-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 105 of 164)