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the sulphur therefrom to a chamb^ where it is precipitated. To produce sulpnuretted ]

hydrogen gas, the hydrog^enic result from the generator is brought in contact with the vapor !

of sulphur, decomposing the carburetted hydroeen, or brought in contact with a stream of [

sulphur. To extract copper from the pyrites tne ore in the form of sulphide is roasted to
form a sulphate, which is lixiviated and precipitated by Qulphuretted hydn>gen ^ as a sul-
phide and the sulphide smelted.

CUim. — ^The procMs herein described for treating pyritous ore so as to obtiun as useful
products sulphur, sulphuretted hydrogen, and copper.

No. 39,685.— Joseph Singer, of Chicago, HI.— MmotrnMit tii the Man^aetwre of Beer
from Malt and Indian itfM/.— Patent dated August ^, 1863.— Equal quantities (say 100
bushels) of coarsely ground barley, malt, and miely ground Indian meal are mashed with
900 gallQus of water at WP Fahrenheit, then stirred awhile and allowed to steep for two
hours. The residue of meal is again elutriated, the supernatant results mixed, and the #odc
proceeded with to in ordinair brewing.

Ctotm.— The within descrioed process of making beer from ground com and barlej maU
mixed together in one tub in the relative proportions and at the temperatures described.

No. 39,686.— N. E. SMITH, of Springdale, Cedar county, Iowa.— lifi/ifVpemM in CmUi-
nKoff.— Patent dated August 85, 1863.— The pole is pivoted to the front bar, the hind end
which carries the driver's seat resting upon the rear bar; tiie object of the device is to &cUi-
tate turning.

C^m.-^The draught pole B, pivoted to the front bar A of the machine as shown at a, with
its back end resting on the back bar A', and having the driver's seat D attached to it, sn^
stantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

" No. 39,687.— Moses Stoddard, of Bu£b1o, N. Y.^hmrovement in Mounting Ordnanee,-^
Patent dated August 85, 1863.— The pillow-blocks on which the trunnions of the gun are
mounted have an oscillating a<]yustment in a plane at right angles to the bore so as to admift
of the ranging of the sights of the gun in a vertical phuie by means of elevating screws.

C/atm.- First, leveUin^ the gun with reference to ranging its sights in a vertical plane,
without regard to the position of the carriage, substantiiuly as herein described.

Second, the combination and arrangement of appropriate mechanism, with a gun and gun
carriage, by which the g;nn mav be elevated, levelled, and moved ri^t or left by one penon
while m the act of sighting, substantially as herein described.

No. 39,688.— George Stump, of New Tork, N. T.— AajNVMaiasf in Coffden$en.'-'B%XieatA
dated August 35, 1863.- The reoeivhig and discharmtg oluanbers of the condenser are w^
eoied between two riieett in whiditoEas are secoriSi which oomiect the two diamben^ Tfti^



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C0HMI8SI0NSB OF PATBNTS. 621'

wliole arrangement is submerged in a tank. The olgeot is to allow eizpaasion and oontnM^
tion without starting the joints.

CUtim, — Having the chambers A B made separate and independent of each other and of
the tnbe sheets C, as and for the pvrposes herem shown and described.

No. 39,689.~Eli Tanner, of Bowmansville, Erie coonty, N. Y, -^Improvement in Port-
Me Ob$ervatorie$ or Signal Tcraoerf. ^Patent issued August 25, 1863 ; antedated July 10,
18^ — ^The apparatus consists of a base with an upright and braces, with windlasses, ropes,
and pulleys for the projection vertically of extension sections, which are contained within
each other and slide out telescopically under the action of the windlasses. The parts are so
constructed as to be readily taken apiEurt and packed for transportation, and ^t the summit of
the extension shaft is a cross-head and olatform. The outer section of the shaft consists of
four pieces occupying the oomers viewed as a transverse section ; the middle one is cross*
shaped, contiuned between and guided by the outer section, while the inner one is a plain
shaft embraced by the four members of the cross,

C/«tm.— The method of combining the base, the braces, and the extension shaft, so as to
be separate, or readily separable, for the purpose of readily putting up and taking down and
packing for transportation, substantially as described.

Also, the method of arranging and combining the parallel timbers composing the successive
sections of the extension shaft, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the arrangement and combination of the single rope m and the sheaves in the upper
and lower ends of the sections £ G H for the purpose of raising and sustaining said sections
in succession, substantially as heroin specified.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the cross-head P, rope i, and windlasses M M,
er their equivalents, substantially as and for the purposes herein specified.

No. 89,090.— James Tomlinson, of Radne, Wis.— /mprovem^ni in Wind fF%ee/«.— Patent
dated August 25, ia63.~The invention consists in the application of a movable shield con-
nected to the vane by rods, and so operated by the vane as to protect certain of the wings of
the wheel from the direct action of the wind, and thus rej^ulate the speed.

C^m. -^The arrangement of the shield D in combination with the wheel A, weighted lever
£, and vane F, constructed and operating as and for the purpose shown* and described.

No. 39,691.— John P. Ward, of Phillipsburg, Warren comity, N. J.—ImprowmeM i%
Pipe Coapltiif.— Patent issued August 25, 1863; antedated July 15, 1863.— The end of one
pipe has annular flanges around it, and is faitroduced into the spherical enlargement of the
succeeding pipe where molten lead is run around it. The shape of the adjacent parts admits
of considerable deflection from the riffht line in la^ng the pipe on an irregular surface.

Claim. — ^The end of the pipe A' with its hands t and recesses p p, or their equivalents, and
packing B, when applied to the spherical interior of the socket a of an adjacent pipe A, sub-
stantiaUy as and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 39,692.— J. D. Weaver, of Penfield, Monroe county, N. Y.^hnprwemmU in fVk^U-
Irees.— Patent dated Au^^ 25, 1863.— These whiffletrees are made without dips spedally
for use in orchards to avoid bMrking Uie trees ; a clasp behind holds the tug, which is passed
around the end of the tree, through tne clasp, and the cock-eye fastened on a hook.

Claim, — ^The construction of whiffletrees and the attachment of the tugs g thereto, sub-
stantially in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 39,693.— Hermann Weni>t, of Elixabeth, Union county, N. J.-^-hnprovetamU in
Taiiare' 5Asarf.— Patent dated August 25, 1863.— The pivot is placed in Ime with the onttmg
edtfe of the lower blade, and to secure the requisite strength a shoulder is made on the blade
bsMw and a corresponding protuberance above, the effact being to five a '* drew '' cut

Claim, — ^Tailors^ sheara, the Iqwer blade A of which is formed with a shoulder or recess &,
as and for the purpose shown ana descnbed.

No. 39,694.— Phiup Weritm, of Berlin, Hohnes county, Ohio.— ^/rsMmem in Making
Borreff .—Patent dated August 25, 1863.— The wood is sawed into bolts radially from sap tor
sap through the centre and then into staves. A frame holds the stave while it is jointed, and
an expanoing drum forms a core for the barrel while it is bmng turned o£ ■*

C(<um.— ^rst, cuttinff the staves from the bolts prepared, as herein described, by sawhig
fint into plank, whose thickness shall equal the width of the stave, and then cutting them in
the opposite direction of the gram, as set forth.

Second, the damp frame (Fig. 1 ) for holding the stave in the required position while joining
•nd bevelling the edges, as specified.

Third, the expanding drum, centring and holding the barrel while being turned in tha
lathe and cutting the chine, as herein set forth.

No. 39,695.— Horace Wing, of Bn£hIo, N. Y.—hnpravtmmU im Maddnes for Splitting
LaacW.— Patent dated August 25, 1863.— The loUer over the fcaifo has two a^inatmaota^OM

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622 ANKUAL BXPOET OF THB

vertical b j meanf of cams which work simultaneoiiBly on each end of the roUer shaft to ^
press it or otherwise, and the other transrernely to tlie length of the knife by slipping tbs
honaing or standards in the said direction.

Claim. — First, the employment for adjusting the gaoge^roUer D at a proper distance fnm
the plane of the edge of the splitting kxufe of a pair of eccentrics or cams F F attached to
the same shaf^ and arranged to operate one noon each of the fonmal boxes of the roUerSi fiid)-
atantiallj in the manner and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, making the standards or nousings E E, which contain the roller jonmal bom
adjustable to bring the roller more or less over the edge of the knife, substantially as and £v
the purpose h'erejn specified.

No. 39,696.— Louis Wirthlin, of St. Louis, Uo.^Improvtd Barrd Drtsimg MaMm,"
Patent dated August 25, 1863.— This machine is designed for turning howelBng and crosiD|
casks or kegs. A circular bilge ring and adjustable clamping levers are arranged at the qin
of a hollow spindle ; in this clamp and ring the cask is rotat^. The howelllx]^ and crosing
knives are supported upon a travellioff bed, whidh is mounted upon a slide rest. A lerer
carrying a plane-stock and bit trims the barrel edges, and the shavings and chips are bk>fni
out of tne cask as the work proceeds.

Ctotm.— First, the ad^'ustable clamping levers g g* and bilffe ring F in combination with
the spindle B, substantially as and for the purposes described.

Second, the longitudinally adjustable rod D, cross-head D^ arms D2 D2 E £, rock shaft
£', and hand lever E2, combined with the hollow spindle B and adjustable clamping leveo,
substantially as and for the purposes described.

Third, the adjustable blocks tit applied to the clamps g* g* /^, substantially as d^cribed.

Fourth, the combination of howellu^f knife fi2 with a pivoted plate U' and a slide H, sab*
stantially as described.

Fifth, the combination of crozing knives p p' with a transversely sliding block J and lever
handle T and slide H, substantially as described.

Sixth, the combination of sliding bed II, pivoted slide rest GK, and false bed G2, all op-
erating substantiallpr as described.

Seventh, combining with the sliding bed H and howelling knife u2 a blast-pipe S', ar-
ranged and operating substantially as and for the purposes described.

Eighth, the ffauge block r in combination with the crozing knives p p' and the sliding bed
H, substantially as described.

Ninth, in a machine for howelling kegs, &c, making the howelling knife both longitn^
nally and transversely adjustable, substantially as and tor the purposes described.

No. 39,697.— Nathaniel L. Bradley, of West Meridian, New Haven county. Conn.,
assignor to Himself, Walter Hubbard, andWiLLiAM L. Bradley.— /mprouaf Coil Beil.—
Patent dated August 25, 1863. — ^This invention consists in a clapper suspended beneath a bell,
and actuated by a piston which traverses a piston fi^de passing through the central axis of
the bell, the upper part of the guide by contact with the piston nead preventing the clapper
being retained in contact with the bell.

claim. — The combination of the bell with a clapper suspended in an ornamental stand
(without a cup beneath the bell) and with a piston extending upward through the bell ; the
said combination being and operating substantially as set forth.

Also, the combination of the piston of the striking mechanism with the striking instniiD«it»
by means of a cotmexion permitting play and with a piston g^ide, in such manner that the upper
end of the said g^de forms the stop for the piston, and prevents the striking instrument fiom
being held in contact with the bell of the piston ; the said combination being and operating
substantially as described.

Also, the combination of a heavy clapper suspended in the centre of the bell, with the pb-
ton extending upward through the bell ; the combination being and operating substantially
as set forth.

No. 39,698.— William Otis Davis, of Pittsbure, Pa., assignor to James B. Ltok atnd
William O. Davis, of same place.— ifi^nmemeat tn Glass Presses.— Patent dated August
25, 1863. — ^The objects to be attained are perfect perpendicularity of stroke of the piston, asA
relieving; the bed of the weight of the piston. The first is secured by locating the ro&k shaft,
to which the connecting rods are attached, below the bed, and to attain a mat length uf
rod and diminish the angle of deflection and consequent side strain on the i^ton ; the laUer
object is attained by a counter balance weight which supports the piston when at rest.

C/atm. -^Placing the fulcrum of the lever below the bed plate of the press when power is
applied to the piston rod, at or near its upper extremity, for the purpose of diminisning tho
angle of deflection from the perpendicular of the connecting rods, and thus preventing any
material lateral strain on the piston rod, and enabling the length of stroke of the piston sod
and plunger to be increased, without interfering with the perpendicularity of this motion.

The arrangement of a counter balance consisting of a weignt placed under the bed plate of
the press, and connected by chains and pulleys mth the moving parts of the prosSi ao mm to
raise them when the pressure on the lever is withdrawn.



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COlOaSSIONBB OF PATENTS. 62^3

No. 39,699. - Chauncey H. Guard, of Troy, N. T., assignor to David A. Burr, of
Washington, D. 0. — Improvement in Body Loop for Canw0«.— Patent issued August 25,
1863: antedated August 19, 1863. — ^Tiiis improved device is for the purpose of attaching the
body-loop to the spring bar of the carria^ by means of a clasping socket on the loop, and a
compressingclamp below it, between which the spring bar is clamped b^ a screw-bolt.

Claim,-^he use of a metallic bi-angulate clasping socket C in combination with a bod^«
loop B, a metallic compressing clamp D, and a screw-bolt £, when arranged substantially m
the manner herein set forth.

Also, the arrangement 6f ^xe bevelled faces of the lower edges of the sides a a of the clamp-
'. Ing socket C, in combination with the bevelled edges of the embracing flanges bh of the clamp
.1 D, when said socket C and clamp D are combined with a screw-boU £, substantially in the
manner and for the purpose herem set forth.

No. 39,700.—- H. B. Morrison, of Leroy, Genesee countv, N. T., assignor to C. H. Mor-
rison, of same place. — Attaching revolving Tips to Hose Nozzles, — ^Patent dated August 25,
1863. — ^Tbe tip is secured to the nozzle by means of a screw ring whose exterior thread en-
gages a screw in the tip, and whose interior ed^ abuts against a raised flange on the nozzle.
The object being to nuute a water-tight connexion and admit of free revolution.

Claim.—The securing of the tip C to the nozzle A by means of a ring B, cut or divided at
any point or formed of two more parts, and fitted in a recess e in the end of a nozzle A, and
having a screw thread cut on its outer side, upon which the inner or lower end of the tip C is
screwed, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 39,701.— Abby H. Price, of New York, N. Y., assignor to the BfACic Ruffle Com-
pany, of same placa. — Improvement in Machine-made Ri^ffles, — Patent dated August 25,
1863. — ^The strip for the ruffle is delivered by a folder under the separator, where it is gathered
l^ the feeder ; above it is a narrower strip of folded muslin, to which the former is stitched.

Claim, — The within-described puff ruffle as a new article of manufsicture, the same having
two equal parts A A' folded together, as described, and held in a gathered condition by a
single series of machine stitches, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set
forUL

No. 39,702.— George H. Beat, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Louis Negbaur, of
Brooklvn, N. Y. — Envelope Machine, — ^Patent dated August ^, 1863. — The invention con-
sists of a movable slide placed under the lifter or lifters in such a manner that a fresh supply
of blanks can be introduced under the lifters when they begin to rise, without stopping the
machine : also, of an arrangement of the lifter and table which supports the ^m Ih)x, and
under which the blanks are conveyed to the creasing box, so that the table itself puUs off
the blanks from the lifters, and retains them in a correct position for the plungers to act upon
them ; also, in the mechanism employed to impart the desired motion to the gum box, in re-
lation to the lifters, to counterbalance the conveyors, to crease, fold, and press the envelopes,
and deliver them from the machine.

Claim, — ^First, the employment of the slide E in combination with the rising and falling
lifters F, constructed ana operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as here-
in specified.

Second, the arrangement of the table C over the conveyor H, substantially in the manner
herein described, so that the blanks are held even an& in place by the table while being car-
ried by the conveyor to the creasing box.

Third, the slotted lifters F, in combination with the bar c*, in the table C, as and for the
piupose herein specified.

Fourth, feeding the blanks under the table which supports the g^nm box, instead of over it.

Filth, the weights c2 on the front edge of the table, in combination with the conveyor H^
lulled and operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the balance weight A3* in combination with the conveyor H, applied and operating
in the maimer and for the purpose herein specified.

Seventh, arranging the fingers K in such relation to the plunger J that they hold the flaps
of the envelopes which have oeen creased by being passed through the box I, until the plun-
ger descends again and completes the envelope, by pressing, as set forth.

Eighth, the arrangement of hinge joints A(3 in the shanks of the folding fingers E, in the
manner and for the purnose substantially as described.

Ninth, the cam m ana roller m*, or its eouivalent, in combination with the plunger J, con-
Btructed and operating substantially as ana for the purpose specified.

Tenth, passing the plunger J below the lower creasing eoge t* of the box I, in the man-
ner spedned, so as to push the finished env^ope clear off Uie lx>x, and leaving^ the creased en-
velope below th^ lower edge of the box, to prevent th^ same from going back with the plunger.

Eleventh, the ribs or l^ges j'' ^n tlie face of the plunger, as and S>t the purpose described.

No. 39,703.— Samuel Bockafellow, of Muscatine, Iowa, assignor to Himself and
Joshua W. Hoops, of same place. — Improvement in CMvators, — Patent dated August *J5«
1863. — ^This machine is mounted upon wheels, and strides over the row to be cultivated, the
kUeral deflection of the ploughs being regulated by foot levers and cords connecting them with



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€24 AHHUAIi fiEPOftT OF TfiB

Che tongue, wUch is pivoted to tlie rear cross-bar, and has a lateral movement under a stq^lo.
The plooffhs are raieed as reqnhred by grasping a bow or carved handle which is connectad
to levers n-om which the plough beams are suspended by rods. The plough beams are pivoted
et their rear ends, and their forward ends move in slots in the standivds.

C/aim.— First, the combination of the cords t c wi^ the draught pole E, piroted at its rear
end to the cross-bar A', and the foot levers F I, arranged, constructed and operating as and
for the purposes herein delineated and set forth.

. Second, the combination of the levers F and the rods H with the curved handle G, when
constructed, arran^d and operating as herein set forth and described.

Third, the combination and arrangement of the beams D D, adjustable at their finont ends,
with the rods H, the levers F, and curved handle G, as and for the purposes herein set forth •
and shown.

No. 39,704.— John L. Rowe, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Franklin C. Brownell.
of Brooklyn, N. Y. -^Pencil atut Sponge Holder for Cloamng 8late$, ^.— Patent dated Au-
gust 25, 18t^. — The pencil is clamped in the case of the sli<Sng ring; the other end forms a
cup in which a piece of sponge is placed.

Claim, — ^The clamping slate-pencil holder in combination with the cup at the upper end,
receiving a piece of sponge or similar material, the whole forming a new article ci manu-
foeture, as specified.

No. 39,705.— Joseph F. Saroent, of Boston, Mass., assignor to Himself and Elmer
TOWNSEND, of same place. — ImprovemetU in Effdetting Machines, — ^Patent dated August 25,
1863. — ^In this machine the evelets are fed by the positive motion of forceps or nippers, in
contradistinction to the methoa of feeding by gravitation or by pushing them seriatim. They
are delivered from the rotating hopper into the chute or eyelet passa^ leading to the setting
tool, which chute is adjustable for varied sizes of eyelets. The punch bed, against which the

Sunches cut the holes for the insertion of the eyelets, is made of a sectional piston and a cvlin-
er. At the foot of the chute the eyelet is g^rasped by two spring fingers on the end of a hori-
sontal shaft, whidi moves in bearings extendmg m)m the hopper Irame ; a spreader it ar-
ranged to open the fingers during their retrofl[rade movement.

^atm.— l-lrst, Uie employment of nippers, forcq>s or fingers to grssp or surround each eyelet
successively, and to convey it from the end of the chute to the place where it is set or riveted,
in contradistinction to entering each eyelet with a pointed feeder, or to pushing it from be-
hind.

Second, the rotating hopper axranged to operate on the eyelets, substantially as described.

Third, makinff the hopper acyustaole to different heiffhte of eyelets.

Fourtli, the chute adjustable to different diameters of eyelets, as set forUi.

Fifth, the combination of an adjustable hopper with an a^justeble chute, constructed
enbstantially as specified.

Sixth, constructing the punch bed of a cylinder, and adjustable piston.

Seventh, makiuff the piston In sections, substantially as described.

Eighth, the mecnanism for imparting motion to the fingers or forceps, ananged and
operated lubetantially as set forth.

No. 39,706.— A. F. Saunders, of Chelsea, Suffolk counlnr, Mass., assignor to Himself and
0. B. Basford, of Maiden, Mass.— /mprove<< CtocAes- Horse.— Patent dated An|pist 8S,
1863.— The fimme Is supported upon expanding legs, and from these legs and the vertical end-
pieces the arms canyine the rounds are sustain^, being pivoted th^neto, and supported hij
unks. One side is capable of beii^ opened at a time, and the whole of b^ng dosed up.

Cfctm.- The arrangement of himgiuff frames, lever arms and supporting legs, opwatlDg
together substantially as described and for the purposes specified.

No. 39,707.— C. E. Sneider, of Baltimore, Md., assignor to Himself and Thomas
PDULTNBT, of same place. — Improvement in Breeck-lomding Firo-armo, — Patent dated
August 25. 1863.— This improvement consists of a method of raising and opening the
breech, ana <^ drawing down and projecting towards the roar the barrel of the gun so as to
dose the breech firmly. At the rear of the barrel is a hinged section connected to the breech-
piece; these admit of the upright deflection yf the rear m the barrel which has below it 1
lugs ; one is engaged by the pivoted guard lever to raise and lower the band, and the r'
Is pushed to the rear to dose the joint by a wedge on the upper dde of the giuurd lever.

CUim, — ^First, the recess si. In the k^ F, and wedffe U, attached to tiM saine, in <
bhontion witii Uie hook-shaped lug «, and shoulder k^ wnen arranged to operate in the
MTspedfied.

Second, the lever F, having an eeoentric or cam A, fimnedton one end, and attadied to ite
barrel by a lug d, and pin gy in combination with the pin t, wbea arranged to opeiata in
the manner specified.

Third, the wedffe H, and hook-shaped hig e^, in eombinatta with Ihd hlEfad Mp «»oat
l»eech-pleoe I, wtien ananged in the maimer desorfbed.



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comassioNEB of patents. 625

No. 89,706.— AlTOUSTUS Walxsr, of BnlMo, K. Y^^^MtavemeiU im ike C0n$tnu!tUn
^ 5Atp«-o/-ioar.— Patent issued Angoflt 25, 1863; antedated May 33, 1863.— The improve-
ments are in the constraction and adaptation of the vessel, indndin^ the truss framing,
upright and inverted ardi supports and prow ; the ventilating tubes, extending from the ex-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 108 of 164)