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terior upwards and downwards to the interior of the vessel ; tne pilot-house, which is raised
and lowered for use and for safety and the disposition of and method of manipulating the
anchors.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of the central longitudinal truss framing or arch and
double concave bottom, constructed substantially as herein described.

Second, the doubly-arched prow or ram D3, constructed and supported as described.

Third, the ventilating tubes V l'\ closable by the stanchions J J, substantially as de-
scribed.

Fourth, the casing H, constructed with a circular arch A, for sustaining the turret G, sub*
Btantialljr as specific.

Fifth, in connexion with a vessel of the above construction, the sliding pilot-houses K K,
elevated and sustained in any way, substantially as described.

Sixth, the described position and means of workiug the anchors.

No. 39,709.— Benjamin T. Babbitt, of Kew Tork, N. Y.—Improvtment in CondenserB,-^
Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^This invention consists in a peculiar construction of the
condenser with two chambers in obliquely opposite comers, and connected by L-sbaped
tubes by which arrangement the longitudinal expansion and contraction of the tubes is per-
mitted without starting their joints.

C/atm.^-The arrangement of the two chambers D D^ in opposite corners of the casing
ABC, and of the two series of bent or elbow pipes connecting the said chambers in the
other opposite comers, substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

No. 39,710.— OoTLiBB Bastun and Bernhard Seignttz, of New York^ N. T.— /m-
provement in inhalers. — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — This improvement in inhalers
consists in th^ introduction of a ball valve in the lower part of the main tube which fits into
tiie upper part of the medicine chamber, and a valve on the side of the said tube operated
by a thnmVpieee and spring for the introduction of air at the will of the operator.

Claim. — ^First, the arrangement of the globe valve D, in the bottom of the tube A, and
between the medicine chamber G and mouu-piece B, iu the manner and for the purpose
sabstantiallv as herein specified.

Second, the spring lever valve E, in combination with the tube A, and medicine chamber
C, as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39, 711.— L. D. Benson, L. G. Benson and A. M. Benson, of North Jackson,
Susquehanna county, Pa. — Improved Stave Dressing Machine. — Patent dated September 1,
1863. — ^The invention consists in an arrangement of two stationary cutters, with their ap-
propriate pressure rollers in hinged frames, the spoke piece being driven endways by a feed
Dar through the interval between the rollers and cutters.

Claim. — ^The placing of the cutters O, and pressure rollers N, in adjustable frames M,
when said frames are i^ed in combination with the feed bars G G, operated substantially in
the naanner as and for the purpose berein set forth.

No. 39,712.— Charles Blood, of Malta, Saratoga county, N. Y. —Improvement in Potato
Diggers. — Issued September 1, 1863; antedated August 25, 1862. — This machine consists
of a horizontal share passing beneath the potatoes and lifting them to a place, from whence
they are taken by an endless apron and discharged down a grating whicn trails beneath the
machine ; the said grating being agitated to cause the dirt to fall wrough. '

Claim. — ^The arrangement of a nxed horizontal share E, together with an endless apron
or elevator G, and riddle L, behind the track wheels B B, said track wheels also communi-
cating the necessary movements to the elevator and riddle, all as and for the purpose herein
specified.

Also, the combination of the elevator roller g, having transverse or alternately acting cam
IPTOoves A 4 in the ends thereof, with the arms d d, projecting from the riddle L, as and for
Uie purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,713.-— Daniel Bowker, Of Boston, Mass.-^Improved inner Soles for Boots and
S4oe«.— Patent dated September 1, 1863.— The invention consists in applving to the under
part of the inner sole a flat steel spring to preserve the elasticity, and add te the streng^
of the sole.

Ajs an improved article of manufacture the inner sole of boots and shoes, constracted in
manner and for the purpose as above described.

No. 39,714.— John Cady, of Staffbrdville, Tolland county, Coun.^ImprovemeiU in
^idumsfoif Looms. — ^Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^This improved shuttle-oriving device

H. Bx, Doc 60 40



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626 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF TfiJS

consists of a damp suitably connected with the picker staff hy the stirrap clasp and which
holds the pads of leather which receive the concussion of the shuttle and propel it.

Claim. — ^The clasp B, clamp C, and leathers D, in combination with the staff A« for the
purpose as described.

No. 39,715.— Francis A. Calvert, of Lowell, Msas.— Improvement in Steam- Engines.—
Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^This improvement consists of an auxiliary piston which
acts as a movable lower end or bottom of the cylinder, and which follows up the motion of
the main piston for a portion of its stroke, and then stopping allows the steam to act by
expansion ; also of appliances for allowing the steam to act as a cushion for the piston, and
then forcing the cushioned steam into the steam chest at the termination of the stroke with
the vapor chamber, and the necessary arrangement of valves and rods, and induction and
eduction openings represented.

Claim. — ^The combination of the auxiliary piston and its operative mechanism with the pri-
mary piston and the cylinder made as descrioed, and proviaed with a steam chest, a varre,
and a valve apparatus, to operate substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Also, in combination with the steam chest and the cylinder, made with eduction or exhanst
openings arranged in it, as described, a means substantially as explained, for cushioning the
piston and introducing the over-pressed cushioning steam into the steam chest.

Also, the combination of the vapor chamber or hot well I« the cvlinder, its steam ch^
valve, and valve apparatus, the pnmary and auxiliary pistons, and the mechanism for eleva-
ting and depressing the auxiliary piston, the whole being constructed and arranged substan-
tially in the manner and so as to operate together, as specified.

Also, the combination of one or more induction passa^s and their valve or valves with the
cvlinder, the main and auxiliary pistons, and as apphed to the head of the cylinder and to
that of the auxiliary piston, substantially as and for the purpose or 'purposes above specified.

No. 39,716. — John Campbell, of St. Louis, Mo. — Improvement in Conveyer Belting. —
Patent dated September 1, 1863. — In this conveyer belting the warp, except the selvage
edge, is made of a single yam of hemp, and the selvage edge and the tilling is made of two-
yam spun yam, so as to proportion the strength of the material to the amount of wear it has
to undergo.

Claim. — The use of the hemp belting: before described, made substantially as herein repre-
sented and set forth, as a new article of manufacture, for the purpose specified.

No. 39,717.— Edward Clark, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Device for Repairing
' Boiler Tube$. — Patent dated September 1, 186.3. — ^The object of this invention is to expand
the ends of the tubes where they join the tube-sheet so as to make a perfect joint and close a
leak ; and this is done by inserting a spring gland or collar of a conical interior shape, and
within it a frustum of a cone fitting the aforesaid, and then by means of a bolt head, bolt
and tightening nut, to slip the conical faces on each other and expand the tube.

Claim. — ^The spring gland C, and thimble D, constracted and applied in combination with
each bther and with the tube or flue A, substantially as herein specified.

No. 39,718. — James O. Clay, of Hudson, St. Croix county. Wis. — Improvement in Weather
Strips. — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — The strip consists of two parts, one attached to
the door, and the other lying when the door is open on the sill outside the carpet strip, held
in its place by a projection on each end within a small socket at the foot of the door frame ;
to ^his lower piece is attached at one end a ring or tablet which, as the door is closed, is
stmck by the upper strip attached to the door anatipped up to a position with its lower edge
in close contact with the sill and its upper edge undemeatn the upper strip; the eccentricity
of the inner side of the socket serving to bind firmly the lower stnp of the sill.

Claim. — First, the constraction of boxes C, with their cam-shaped eye or socket a, in com-
bination with the flat projecting ends x z, of the adjusting strip B, to operate substantially in
the manner and for the purposes described.

Second, the construction of the eye of the boxes C, with the one eccentrically curved edge
to serve as a cam wedge to hold the edge of the weather strip close down upon the sill, in
the manner and for the purpose described.

Third, the arrangement of the adjusting strip B, angularly in relation to the door jambs,
sill, and carpet strip, for the purpose of causing the joints between the overlapping stripe,
and between the adjusting strip and sill, to be firmly and tightly closed, in the manner sub-
stantially as described.

Fourth, the use and arrangement of the ring or disk-formed tappet, in the manner and for
the purpose set forth.

No. 39,719.— Isaac H. Coller, of Poughkeepsie, Duchess county, N. Y.— Improvement
in Hrtrre»/cr«.— Patent dated September 1, 1863. — The improvement consists in the method
of attaching the knife rod to the head, which is accomplished by giving the shank a double
dovetail form and countersinking it into a similarly shaped groove or recess In the lower edge
or working surface of the head, where it is secured by rivets.

Claim. — ^The manner of attaching the head A to the knife-rod B, by means of the doable
dovetails a a, and rivets b i, or their equivalents, substantially as described.



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COMMISSONEB OP PATENTS. 627

No. 39,720.— John B. Dougherty, of Rochester, N. Y.^-frnprdvemefUin Barrd Hoops,-^
Patent dated September J, 1863. — ^The locks for the future hoop are made while it is in the
block, it is then cat oat and steamed and bent on a former.

C/aim.— rThe process of prodncmg barrel hoops by cutting them from a block in which the
locks are already formed, so as to secnre greater accuracy in the shape and size of the hoops,
OS well as greater strength.

Second, the method of forming the splint thus produced into a hoop, by winding it after
being steamed on to a proper former.

No. 39,721.— Nelson Cross, of New York, N. Y .—Improttmeni in T«nr».— Patent dated
September 1, J 863. — This consists of a frame work of pieces like the letter X, pivoted at the
intersections and jointed at their connexions, abore ana below, and made extensible, covering
a polygonal surface; the upper connexions have rafter slats which converge to a common
centre terming a conical root frame. The whole fnbric is collapsed for transportation without
detaching anv part.

Claim. — The construction of an adjustable wall tent frame with more or less angular sides,
conical roof, and eaves brackets wholly composed of straight pieces of wood, the body of
which is joined together in a lattice form and made capable of extension for occupancy, or
depression for transportation, without altering or disturbing the fastening, whilst it also
affords, between the diamond openings of the frame, when extended, an ample and conve-
nient entrance way.

Also, the combination of the several parts of the frame and the form and mode of attaching
and distending the cover, as heretofore described, as and for the purposes aforesaid.

No. 39,722.— -William H. Dole and D. R. Eraser, of Chicago, J\\,^lmprovemtnt in
Grain Dryers. — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^The dryer consists of two inclined, con-
centric, perforated, sheet-meti^l cylinders having longitudinal radial flan^ or wing^ on the
inner periphery of the outer and the outer periphery of the inner cylmder, respectively.
These revolve together, causing the grain to follow a serpentine track around the edges of the
wings and falling alternately against one or the other of the cylinders. A current of heated
air from a furnace permeates every part, and scoops on the upper ends of the outer cylinder
feed in the grain from the chamber at the end of tne receivin^^ spout.

Claim. — First, the inner and outer cylinders E and F, m combination with the radial
flanches a and 6, arranged within the space between said cylinders, and operating substan-
tially as herein described.

Second, a drying cylinder so constructed that while the grain is kept near its circumference
the grain is tossed back and forth outside of the centre of the machine toward and from the
centre in a waved line, as indicated by the arrows 2 2, and at the same time subjected to halted
air, substantially as described.

Third, the combination of the scoop extensions a' a* and flat flanches b 6, the scoop por-
tions working in the chamber between the ends of the cylinders E F, substantially m. th^
manner and for the purpose described.

No. 39,723. — George Draper, of Milford, Worcester county, Mass. — ImprovemmU in
Stop Motion for Looms, — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^This device is intended testop
the motion of a loom whenever a shuttle fails to pass properly into the shuttle box, and con>
Bists of a frog movable within a recess in the bod^ ot the actuator, said recess having stop-
ping lips wmch arrest the frog under the action oi the dagger, the frog falling as the dagger
retreats.

Claim. — ^The application and construction of the frog and its supports in such manner aa
not only to cause the frog to rise but to be stopped in its nse under impact or operation of the-
dagger, the whole being substantially as and for the purpose as hereinbefore deschbed.

No. 39,724. — G. A. Erickson, Sweed Bend, Webster county, Iowa. — Imyrocement in,
Cultivators. — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — The cultivator has two rows of ihares and
is supported on wheels. In the rear portion of the hinder bar is a reciprocatuM^. rod witiL
barrow teeth, which is driven by a pinion and link from teeth on the driving wheel.

CUtim. — ^The described combination of a vibrating harrow E with a cnltivatoft. the whole-
bein^ constructed and arranged to operate in the manner and for the purpose hcMrein. specified^

No. 39,725.— Jonathan S. Fancher, of Newark, N. J.— Improvement in Got Burners. — i
Patent issued September I, 1863; antedated October 11, 1862. — ^The improveiaent consists**
of two plates of any required form, between which the gas from the ordinary burners passes,,
assoniiug, as it is emitted from between their edges, and there ignited, a faurlike or other
form, a temper screw regulating the distance between the plates and allowing, them, to be-
opened for cleansing.

CUiim. — ^The expanding of the gas as it issues from other gas burners or from any orifice
tiirongh which the gas is emitted before it comes in contact with the atmosphere, so as to be
ignited by means of two fans or planes, represented in the drawings by figures 3 and 4 ;
tba0e plaoes may be of any shape or form.



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628 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Also, the application of the principle of reealating the flame hy means of the screw, np-
resentcd in the drawings by figure 5, with which the fans or planes are sepaivted or bnnigu
together, thus adjusting the light as may be desired.

Also, the use ciif the screw for opening the fans for the purpose of cleaning the burner.

No. 39,726.— ViNCEirr Fountain, Jr., of Factoryville, Richmond county, N. ¥.—/».
provfd Step-Ladder, — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^The piece which forms the propii
fastened by a bolt to a cleat behind the main portion, and being raised up forms on ext6D*
sion, the upper step or platform folding back out of the way of the upper section.

C/ai/n.— First, the convertinfi^ the step-ladder which is used as a prop into a continooos
and extension ladder, as described, by turning the same upward vertically upon the pin or
bolt, as described.

Second, the manner of constructing the platform c' t' with a leaf and hinge, so as to be
used as a platform for the step-ladder or turned over out of the way to permit the exteimoB
part B to DO brought into its proper position for forming an extension ladder.

No. 39,727.— H. R. Gillinoham, of Jersey City, N. J,— Improvement in Smoke-Suuki,-'
Patent dated September 1, 1863. — By this invention provision is made for entirely closmgtha
exit for the products of combustion and the escape steam by the chimney and by throwingtiM
steam back to cool the tubes and deaden the fire. This is accomplished by modifying tbe
length of the inner chimney by rods attached to arms on*a rock-shafl under the controls tlie
engineer.

Claim, — First, the locomotive, providing for the checking or extinguishing of fire bf the
exhaust steam by discharging it backward through the furnace, substantially in the mannfz
herein set forth.

Second, the lever J, link bar K, and stop ft, or their respective equivalents, arranged as do-
scribed, on one or more sides of the duplicate movable internal pipes £ and I, of a sinoi»-
stack, for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, in the stacks of locomotives, the use of the shields m m, arranged as described, rd*
atively to the holes M M, for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,728.— A. G. Gray, of London, EnglAnd.—Imprtwement im Ptmj^s. — ^Patent issued
September 1, 1863; antedated March 11, 1^2.— The vertical reciprocating motion of the
piston is obtained by suspending its rod from the end of one arm of a ro& shaft, another
arm on said shaft being vibrated by the eng^agement of a roller on its end with cams on the
periphery of a drum rotated by any prime motor ; the tendency of Uie piston to be drawn
down into the pump is counterbalanced by a tveight.

Claim, — First, the combination of the peculiarly constructed driving cam with the right
angular lever arms f arranged and operating a pump, substantially as described. '

Second, the use of a weight, or its equivalent, either adjustable or not, so arranged in re>
gaixl to and operating with the lever arm « as to counteract the tendency of the piston lod
to be drawn back by the formation of a vacuum in the pump, substantially as described.

No. 39,729.— Wellington Greene, of Kinzua, Warren county, VtL— Improvement ul
Beehives.— Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^The hive has a perforated bottom and is pro-
vided with two aligbtiug boards, one leading to the main chamber and the other directly to
the honey boxes, which have perforated sides connecting them. The drawers are supported
by dovetailed cleats entering conesponding mortises in the sides of the boxes, and the en-
trances are provided with perforated slides.

Claim. — ^A house or structure A provided with drawers D fitted wkhin it, as shown, and
provided with a perforated bottom 6, alighting boards B B', and perforated sides C C, all ar-
ranged and combined to form a new and improved beehouse or beehive, substantially as set
forth.

No. 39,730.^Jame8 S. Harris, of Poultney, Rutland county, Yi,— Improved Mop-Bead,'-
Patent issiied September 1, 1863 ; antedated December 17, 18&. — ^A. follower slides vertically
within the frame and is forcibly held down upon the mop-doth by means of levers which
engage teeth on the top of the follower.

CVainu— The arrangement of the levers C C in coimexion with the pressure plate B and of
the frame A, operating in the manner and for the purpose specified.

No. 39^731. — S. A. Hebard, of North Stamford, Fairfield countv, Conn. — Improvement in
Cider MUle.—^atAnt dated September 1, 1863. — ^The grinding cylmder operates against an
oi^ustable blade to reduce the fruit to pulp, which is carried along between the pressure
rollers on an apron, the Latter afterwards passes over a roller of smaU diameter which causes
the wa^te pulp to break and fall off; the apron is cleaned by a brush cylinder.

C/atm.— First, the combination of the grinding or reducing cylinder wiUi the adjustable
blade or bar when constructed to operate substantially as ana for the purpose set forth.

Second, the combination of the roller^ with the brush cylinder, when tl»e said r^lor aad
brush cylinder are arra^sed relatively to each other and operate substantially as described.



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C0MMIS80NER OF PATEKTS. 629

Ko. 39»732.— B. P. HiSBRT, of Norton Hill, Greene county, N. Y.^Improttment in Hona
H«y Forks.— Ftktent dated September 1, 1883.-~The tines are attached to the beads by means
of the prolongation of the heel of the tine around the head and by screw-bolts carrying
sockets which embrace the tine and pass through the head.

Claim.-— The securing of the tines E to the head A of the fork by having the inner ends
or ports of the tines curved so as to extend wholly or partially around the bead, and having
eyes or sockets a' fitted on the tines and secured to the head by bolts F either «atachcd to or
formed with the eyes or sockets or made separately therefrom and passing through the eyes
or sockets and through the head A and the tines, substantially as described.

No. 39,733.— Mark W. H6use, of Cleveland, Ohio.— Improvement in Remedial 4ppl*c^
tioniof Electricity.— Patent dated September 1, 1863.— By this apparatus a primary and in-
duct current may be worked over the same conductors at the same time, or two induced
currents of different intensities worked at the same time in the same or opposite directions
with or without a primary current ; a primary uninterrupted -may be combmed with an in-
duced interrupted current, the poles or directions changed by means of a switch placed within
the circuit.

Claim. — First, the arrangement of two helices of the same or different intensities upon
the same stand, and so connectinc^ them that a primary interrupted or uninterrupted current
and an induced current may be given at the same time, as specified.

Second, closing the circuit of the induced current, in the manner substantially as specified
and shown at Q Q' while the primair current is being used, for the purpose of increasing th«
intensity of the primary or giving the reflex action of the induced to that of the primary
current.

Third, the pole changers when placed in the circuit at any point between the helix and the
electrodes, and operating as and for the purpose specified.

Fourth, the current dSectors for the purpose of conveniently localizing the currents, sub-
stantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,734.— N. H. Howard, of Beloit, Wis.— Improvement in Tu^ Buckles.— Patent
dated September 1, 1863. — ^The object of the improvement is to save the toce of the strap en-
tire without holes for the tongue of a buckle, and it is avoided by making swells in the tug
by the interposition of wedges between the layers of the same, which are made to engage
with a transverse bar of the buckle, the tmg strap being pressed up by a lever from below.

Claim. — The lever, as above specified, ns applied to and in comoination with the roller or
bar and the rise and swell in the tug, as above represented.

No. 39,735.— Benjamin EENOVEk, of Edina, Knox county, Mo.— Improvement in Grind-
ing Mills. — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — The stones are driven in contrary directions,
the shaft of the upper one passing through the sleeve-shof^ which runs the lower one. ~ Each
stone is attached to its shaft by a socket driver with an arm bolted to the stone, a rubber
pad intervening between the stone and the arm.

C/atm.^-Connecting the drivers P R to the stones O Q, by providing the former with arms
/, with India-rubber strips j n interposed between them and the stones, and having screws
m pass through the stones, rubber strips, and arms, substantially as herein described.

No. 39,736.— La Roy N. Leslie and Thurston Richardson, of Leominster, Worcester
county, Mass. — Improvement in Attaching BreecJting to ^fhills of Vehicles. — Patent issued
September 1, 1863; antedated November 19, 186'^.— This consists of a hook attached to each
thai with a vertical pivoted lever arm, which, being withdrawn for the insertion of the strap,
springs back to retain it in position as long as the tension is towards the reikr, but giving



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 109 of 164)