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Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. online

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Sosed of a single strip of plaited or gathered muslin, or other material, which is made to pro-
uce both the ruffle and the band, by stitching through the parts or gathers with two rows
of stitching, one of which is also made to secure the edge of the material which is turned in
to give a fmish to the band.

No. 39,780.— Hbnrt R. Russell, of New Market, Frederick county, Md., assignor to
Himself and Isaac S. Russell, of same place. — Improvement in Harvesters. — Patent dated
September 1, ]8()3. — The outer or gnun wheel of toe machine is attached to a vertically
slotted plate by a bolt and nut ; this plate is hinged by two arms to a casting secured to the
framing of a platform.

Claim. — First, the application to harvesting machines of an outer supporting wheel B con-
nected by the frame of the machine by means of hinged plates d d and a plate b\ operating
substantially as and for the purposes described.

Second, attaching the wheel ti to a vertically slotted and hinged plate b' whereby the ad-
justment of the frame of the machine and the vibrating motion of^ the axle of wheel B is
obtained, substantially as described.

No. 39,781.— Timothy Smith, of Charlestown, Mass., and A. B. Southwick, of Bal-
lardsvale, Essex county, Mass., assignors to the Whipple File Manufacturing Com-
pany. — Improved Machine for Cutting Rasps. — Patent dated September 1, 1863. — ^Tbe blank
is attached to the top of a rod which has an intermittent vertical motion by means of the en-
gagement of a wheel with inclines and straight sections to its worm. The vibrating punch
is mounted in a carriage And fed across the face of the blank; the blows are given by means
of a spring and the intermittent engagement of the tripping wheeL

CUnm, — The worm wheel M, wiui its horizontal thread z, and inclines t, in combination
with the pins 6, or their equivalents, upon the rod c, for the purpose described.

Also, constructing the worm wheel M in segments, as set foith, for the purpose described.

No. 39,782.— Timothy Smith, of Charlestown. Mass., and James A. Stafford, of
Boston, Mass., assignors to The Whipple File Manufacturing Company. ^Impriwed
Machine for Grinding Half -round Fties.—Patent dated September 1, 1863.— Each rounded
aide has an arc of arout 120^, and three of such are secured to a mandrel which is hung
upon centres revolved and traversed past the face of a revolving grindstone. The carriage
on which the mandrel is mounted slides upon ways corresponding to the shape of the file so .
«8 to operate on the taper euGs of the files.

Claim.— The method herein described of grinding blanks for "half-round" files, by revolv-
ing and traversing them in contact with a revolving grindstone, substantially as set forth.

Also, the method of vibrating the flanks to form the taper, by means of the groove m, and
pins k and /, as described.

Also, the combination of the carriage E, the table F, and screw j», arranged and operating
mM described.

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^38 AmniAL BEiswr of thb

Ko. 39,783.— Thomas Symokds, of ComberlaDd, Me, assignor to Himself and Hosba
KfiNDALL, of same place. — Improvement in Heater Wheels, — Patent dated September!, 1863.—
The buckets are constructed with a deep direct acting surface and with a shallow twisted and
nearly horizontal reacting surface of considerable length. The hub is of a bell or trumpet
mouthed shape, and the water is admitted by a scroll case of the depth of the direct acting
portion of the buckets.

Claim. — ^First, the bu<^t8 D, constructed in the form herein described, for the purpose
set forth.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the buckets D, gpradually enlarging hub C.
and stationary scroll case or i^ron £, the whole constructed and operating in the manner and
for the purpose specified.

No. 39,784.— Thomas Worsley and George TV. Dorsey, assignors to Thomas Wors-
LEY, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improved Die for Forming Bars oj Soap, — Patent issued Sep-
tember 1, 1863; antedated April 1], 1862. — Soap ground to a pulpy mass is forced through
this die, and the invention consists in forming in the die a recess communicating with a ves-
sel containing fluid which surrounds the soap as it is forced through the die and serves as a
lubricant, so that the surface of the bars of soap are preserved smooth and even.

Claim, — The recess u formed in the die B, and communicating with a vessel containing
water or other suitable fluid, substantially as and for the purpose nerein set forth.

No. 39,785.— Qeorge P. Kimball, of San Francisco, Cal., assignor to Himself and W.
H. Knight, of same place. — Improvement in Carriage Cotfp/iii^f.-— Patent dated September
1, 1863. — This consists of a circular flange above the axle, a cap connected with the couphng
arch b^ a pin, a clevistholding the part^ rigid in there relative connexions, and a king bolt.

Claim. — The combination of the axle fi with the flange 6, pin A, cap C, clevis E, and
king bolt F,. when constructed and arranged substantially in the manner and for the purpose
herein described.

No. 39,786.— LooMis G. Marshall, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Himself and An-
drew Cochrane, of same place. — Improvement in Furnaces for Desulphurizing Ores. — Pa-
tent dated September 1, 186J. — In a square furnace are a number of vertical tubes for ore;
these are surrounded by fuel and closed above and below by sliding plates which open for
filling in ore and discharging it below. The parallel plates form guides for the slides emd the
other arrangements are to promote draught.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of vertical tubes and slides in a square furnace, in combination
with the parallel plates C and the triangular-shaped chimney K, vrith its regulating damper
J, arranged and combined as herein described.

No. 39,787.— Thomas K. Anderson, of Homellsville, N. Y.— Improved Mode of Remov-
ing Obstacles under Water. — Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated October 26, 1862, —
The inventor employs a mortar tapered toward its rear end, with a short charge chamber in
front, and a contracted fuze chamber communicating therewith from the rear. A longi-
tudinal rib, formed with a number of holes, affords means for attaching the suspension cords,
by which the mortar is lowered to any depth and at any inclination, so that its muzzle will
be presented to the object to be dislodged.

Claim. — The application of a cannon or mortar, constructed in such a manner that it may
be suspended, and the muzzle brought to bear upon an object, at any angle or in any poei-
tion, under water, in the manner described and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,788. — Peter Andrew, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in the Construction of
War Vessels. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The gun deck in this vessel is surroundcSi
by strong bulwarks, forming an angle at the longitudinal centre of the vessel, near the bow,
and diverging toward the stem. The portholes are protected in front by a projecting shield.
A central longitudinal beam of peculiar construction, extending from stem to stern, and from
the upper deck to the bottom of the ship, affords great strength to the hulL Tbe lock pieces
g g prevent the longitudinal displacement of any part of the prow at the time of collision.

Claim. — First, constructing tne gun deck of oblique plank, in combination with the gon
battery to be used thereon, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, constructing portholes with projecting sides, substantially as and for the purpoee

Third, also the combination of beam e with the deck plank, when the same are locked
together and braced, substantially in tbe manner and for the purpose set forth heroin.

Fourth, the lock pieces g g, in combination with the rampart or the beak of the vessel,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39 789.— John W. Bartlett, of Harmer, and A. Morris, of Marietta, Washing-
ton county, Ohio. — Self-cleaning Chuck. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — The object vf
this self-cleaning chuck, for turning buckets, &c., is to carrv away the dust from the turner
and keep the chuck free from chips, &c. This is accomplished by compelling a draught of
air through the chuck by means of revolving fans and suitable openings.

Claim. — The fans D D D, openings c c c, or their equivalent, in combination with tbe
chuck a, in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

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No. 39,790.— Abram Bebrman, of New York, N. Y.—ImprovemelU in Scroll Saws.—
Patent dated September 8, 1863. — This invention conoists in attaching the ends of tlie saw
to rocking arms, which are connected to the ends of an oscillating frame, so as to secure the
vertical and feed motion of the saw in a simple and economical manner.

Claim, — ^The oscillating beam or frame C. in combination with the rockers D G, saw J
attached thereto, as shown, and the bars £ H, the latter being connected to the rockers and
to the fixtures F I, and all arranged sabstantiiillj as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,791.-— J. D. BlLLiKGS and F. 8. Tyler, of Rutland, Yt,— Improvement in Car
Springs. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — Tho invention consists in the method of using
the torsion of springs by means of a block descending upon the points of cams firmly attached
to the ends of said springs, the weight of the cams being suitably superimposed upon the

Claim. — The torsion springs C, in connexion with the arms or levers D and block E, ar-
ranged to operate in tho manner as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,792.— C. D. Buiw, of Port Huron, St. Clair county, Mich.— /m/^rcrcrf Mode of
CUaning Lamp Chimneys. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — This invention consists of
two bent rods, armed at one end with fibrous material, and expansible, to fill the enlarge-
ment of the tube by vibration on a centre pin or axis.

Claim. — ^A cleaner for lamp chimneys, composed of two rods A A, connected by a fulcrum
pin a, and provided at one end with cotton or woollen twist, or other fibrous material, sub-
stantially as set forth«

No. 39,793.— Cornelius Bollinger, of Harrisburg, T*\.— Improvement in Grinding
Mills. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The object is to prevent the heating of the bearing
and the spindle, and their consequent expansion, and the improvement consists of a number
of longitudinal openings in the upper bearing of the spindle, which openings lead from a case
below the bed-stone, in which is a revolving fan attached to the spindle, so as to cause a
blast of air to circulate in contact with the parts liable to be heated. The vertical position
of the spindle is adjusted and maintained by means of key-bolts, Whose inclined faces pass
through the metal box and abut upon the sides of the spindle, and are tightened by nuts

Claim. — First, the fan E attached to the spindle D, and revolving within the casing F, in
combination with the longitudinal apertures «, in the upper bearings /, of the spindle, when
the former is used to force a current or currents of air turoush the apertures e ofthe bearing,
in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described.

Second, the keys c, terminating at the bottom in rounded screw-threaded shanks <f, having
nuts g fitted upon them, in combination with the lugs b and followers c, when arranged to
operate in the manner specified.

No. 39,794. — Robert Boyle, of Detroit, Mich. — Improvement in Temperature Alarms. —
Patent dated September 8, 1863. — This invention consists of an oscillating index operated
by a piston in a tube of mercury, and vibrating between two stops which are adjustable upon
a graduated arm, in combination with an electro-magnetic hammer operating on an alarm
bell, so that when the piston, in rising or falling by the variations of temperature, brings the
index in contact with one of the stops, the circuit of the alarm is closed ana the alarm sounded.

Claim. — The combination of the gate G, graduated arc E, and electric alarm H with the
index D, float C, and mercury tubelB, in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 39,795.— John Broughton, of Chicago, III— Improvement in Faucet*.— Patent dated
September 8, 1863. — This is an arrangement of the valve, which consists of a cylindrical
hollow chamber rotating in a casing or shell of similar shape, and packed at each end by
elastic washers under a pressure of a screw cap ; the said valve rotatm^ upon a seat, upon
the impulse of a handle communicating throuffn a slot in the casing, which seat has orifices
corresponding to similar ones in the base of the cylindrical valve, and by severing the con-
nexion with which tho passage of the fluid is stopped.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the cylindrical barrel F, working in the interior of the shell
C, in combination with elastic \/ashers b c, screw cap D, and handle G, or its equivalent,
all constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein
shown and described.

No. 39,796.— U. F. Cone, of La Crosse, WiB.^hnpr^ed Door B«//.— Patent dated Sep-
tember 8, 1863. — ^The bell is struck by the rotation of the handle ; the cam in the centre at-
tached to the shaft of the handle is rotated, and vibrating the frog, rocks the bent arm which
cames the hammer ; when the spur of the cam is released firom the firog, tho spring on the
hammer shaft, in restoring it into position, carries it by its momentum bevond its former
location and produces the percussion on the bell. The back lash is limited by the ribs A A'.

Claim, — First, the frog G in combination with the arms of the hammers D D', and with
the cam £, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as
herein shown and described*

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Second, the ribs k k'y in combination with the springs d 4,' and nnns ft ^ of the
D D^ constracted and operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,797.— WiLUAM and Jambs Davis, of Jefferson conni^, Iowa.— /mjwvferf Jr#A
of Keeping Sweet Potatoes.— Patent dated September 8, 1863.— The interstices around thi
tubers are filled with calcined or burnt sand.

C/atm.— Packinfi^ or filling the interstices between and around tiie potatoes with caldned
or burnt sand, and excluding air or moisture from the potatoes, hj the means and in tb
manner above substantially described.

No. 39,798.— Lfcvi S. PEMnre, of Newington, Hartford county, C(nm.—lmprovemenl in Aa-
tamuiic Go^es.- Patent issued September 8, 1863 ; antedated April 18, 1863.— A tension it
brought upon the gates by means of weights and ropes attach^ to the heel-post projection;
there are central latches in the track for fJMtening tho doors as they Aoee from either dire^
tion, and for fastening them open.

Claim, — In combination the gates e with the angle hinges, Figure 2, double latch, FignnS,
side latches q, axles j, boxes i, connexions tn, weights n, arranged and operating, without
ground frame work, substantially as described.

No. 39,799.— Frank Douglas, of Norwich, Coim. — Improvement in Oovemon for Sum
Engines, — ^Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The governor balls, as they rise or iall, apeia^
« clutch block and cause it to operate one or the other of two clutch collars, which are oon*
nected, one to gearing operating the screw rod in one direction, and the other direcUj to tbe
screw rod turning it in tne other direction. The screw rod lifts or depresses the two rods;
one of them is concentrically attached by a strap to the main shaft, and at the other end to
the centre of vibration or lower end of the link sliding in the box on the yalve rod ; ibe
other is the eccentric rod of the engine, and, bein^ thereby raised or depressed, slides the
link in the box, and brings the latter nearer to or further u-om the centre of vibration, and
consequently chances the length of its stroke.

Claim, — ^First, tne screw-arbor ^, movable clutch collars K and M, and clutch block t,
when used in combination with the box O and bevel gears N P and R, the whole combined
to operate as described, so that the clutch collars K and M may be caused to run up and
down out of clutch, and allow the clutch block t to remain at any point indicated by the
regulator balls.

Second, the guide socket /, when used to form a guide for the spindle F and screw-aibd
g, as described.

Third, the manner of suspending the link Y, as herein specified.

No. 39,800.— Frank Douglas, of Norwich, Coxm,— Improvement in Skate Fastenings."
Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^This is a heel screw attachment for the skate, in which
the head of the screw is embraced by a dovetailed fi^nge washer, while the thread passes
through a nut on the tread of the skate.

Claim. — ^First, the flange washer B with projections c e to receive a flat or dovetail head
or screw D, when firmly attached to a skate runner, as herein described.

Second, the screw D, with a flat or dovetail head, when used in combination with the
flange washer B and nut F, for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,801. — Joseph Duffy, of Paterson, N. J. — Improvement in Submarine Ordnanct,"
Patent dated September 8, 1863.— This gun moves on ways in the hold of the vessel below
the water-line, and, on being run out, opens a sliding and a hinged valve which closes the
openings in the stuffing box through which the gun issues *, contact of the muzzle of the gon
with the enemy's vessel discharges the gun, which recoils, the valves closing the water-way,
through the stuffing box. The change is introduced at the breech by a tube and driven
home oy a plunger, a check block descending behind the charge.

Cteim.— First, the arran^ment of a sliding gun A projecting from the bow or side of a
yessel C below the water-lme, in combination with a hammer g and nose <, or their equiva-
lents, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as neiein
shown and described.

Second, having the stuffing box D provided at front and rear with v&lves fg, constracted
and operating with the gun A, in the manner herein sho^ n and described.

Third, the charge introducer £, composed of a tube A and a screw-plunger j^ made and
operating in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 39,802.— Horace L. Duncklee, of Boston, TAbab,— Improvement in Armf Coohst
StovM. — ^Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The stove has a cylindrical lower portion witE
a stiffening band at the bottom, and a cast-iron top with an ftnniilar flange whi<m fits within
the upper edge of the cylinder.

Claim, — the combination of a sheet-iron cylindrical or equivalently-shaped body At
strengthened and stiffened by a band or hoop a, riveted or otherwise secured to the bottom

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thereof witli a cast-iron top B provided with a flange 6, projecting downward and flttinff into
the top of said cylindrical body so as to form the sole connexion between the body and top,
aubstantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,803.-*David S. Esten, of Hinsdale, Berkshire county, Mass.— /mjmwetiMfil im
Device for Stopping the SkuUle in Power LoofiM.— Patent dated September 8, 1863.— Th^
shuttle comes in contact with the picker staff, which, by a rod and strap connexion, rotates
a cylinder against the impulse of a spiral spring. This gradually checks the shuttloi and
then returns it to the point at which it first received it. *

Claim. — ^The sprint 6, applied to act on the picker staff through the medium of the two
toothed cylinders £ F, strap e, and hooked rod ^, the whole appli^ and arranged to operate
substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,804.— Franklin Ewer, of Mendon Centre, Monroe county, N. Y, ^Improvement
in Harvesters. — ^Patent issued September 8, 1863 ; antedated January 3, 1863. — ^The finger
beam is connected with the frame of the machine br double-jointed coupling bars and braces,
and is raised by a chain connecting it with a crank. The knives are enclosed between bars
with roughened surfaces to prevent the accumulation of matter that tends to choke.

Claim. — Connecting the nnger-beam with the firame by means of the oblique coupling and
brace bars E G and F, jointed both to the said finger beam and frame, thereby allowmg a
five movement of the former, and, at the same time, so connected together and braced as to
resist any strain, the whole arranged, combined, and operating substantially as herein set

Also, in combination with the frame and finger beam, the chain L, or its equivalent, the
crank ^, rod p, and pendulum weight N, arranged substantially as and for the purpose

Also, the cutter bars P P, rasped, roughened, or provided with points on their outer sur-
fiibces, and having secured between them the knives t i i, the latter projecting in the rear
thereof, as well as in front, and forming the flpiide in the g^ard fin^rs wmle the cutter bars
alide free £rom contact, and clear the fingers trom choking, substantially as herein set forth,

No. 39,805.— WiLUAM H. Fairbank, of Broad Creek Neck, Talbot .county, Md.— im-
provenunt in Mode of Raising Sunken Vessels.— -PaX&rd dated September 8, 1863. — ^The im*
provement consists of a pair of buoys or camels of sufficient buoyant power, and furnished
with derricks, chains, and mechanical appliances to grapple and lift to the water's surface
the ship on each side of which they are operating.

Claim, — The combination of the screws, jacks, and chains, or their equivalents, when used in
connexion with a pair of floats or buoys of similar size, form, and construction ; the chains
passing down through tubes centrally situated along the leneth of each buoy or float, when
each of the tubes is so formed with one curved or oblique side as to prevent the chains from
binding in the tubes when the sunken object to which the chains are applied approaches to-
wards the surface, thus continuing the strain or pressure centrally on the decks of the buoys
or floats, and nearlv in a vertical direction, firom the commencement of the lifting until the
object is raised to the surface of the water, substantially as represented and descnoed in the
accompanying drawings and specificatiens.

No. 39,806.— S. M. Garter, of Monticello, Pratt county, m.^Improvement in Rotating
Harrow. — ^Patent dated September 8, 1863.— This is a circular harrow which is firee to torn
on a pivot, and is suspended by levers and rods .beneath the frame of a carriage.

Claim. — ^The relative arrangement of a harrow a, suspenders e, a^ustable lever /, and ad*
joa table hand-lever h, in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,807.— BoLLiN Germain, of Buffalo, N. Y.— Improved Paddle IF%ae/s.— Patent
issued September 8, 1863 ; antedated June 30, 1863. — ^The wings of the rotating paddles are
of different shape so as to rotate as they meet the obstruction of the water, and slipping upon
their shafts to assume a position at right ahgles to the plane of the revolution of the wheel.
This change of position is due to the action of the water,. and opposed to the centrifugal and
gravitating force which restores the paddles by bringing them in contact widi the inclined
planes on the outer rim of the wheel.

Claim. — Supporting and operating the paddle upon a shafl I, whether said shaf^ is stationary
or revolving, so that the paddle ma^ be left free to be moved outwardly towards the periphery
of tbe wheel and edgewise to its line of lAotion, by centrifugal force, or to be moved trans-
versely to the rim of we wheel by the action of the water, as tno wheel revolves substantially
as described.

Also, the circular inclined planes E, double or single, for the purposes and substantially as

Also, the circular inclined planes K, in combination with the paddle, for the purposes and
substaatiaDy as herein set forth. The friction rollers I, in combination with the paddlo for
the purposes and substantially as herein set forth.

H« Ex. Doc 60- — 41

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A2so, holding thepaddle stationary in a position parallel with the direction of the vessel wbea
desiredf by means of the hook M, chain W, or hy other means, substantially the same, ioi
the pmposes set forth.

Also, so hanging the paddle upon its shaft, that an outward movement will be comrnnm-
cated to the paddle by centrifu^l power, and an inward movement by the acticm of the

Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 111 of 164)