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water thereon, for the purposes and substantially as set forth.

No. 39,808. — C. L. Gilpatrick, of Lewiston, Me.— Improvement i» Butter Workm,-^
Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The improvement consists <^ a box with a perfimrated bo^
torn in which the butter is drained, and one with a zinc bottom sorrounded by water, in
which the butter is worked by a rocker.

Claim. — The combination of the worker C, and box/, with the box A, prosrided with the
zinc lining and water chamber F, all constructed and arranged in the manner and for the
purpose set forth.

No. 39,809. — GKiNBON Hamilton, of New York, N. Y.-^hnprtntment mi UmbrdUt,^
Patent issued September 8, 1863 ; antedated December 18, 1861. — ^A receptacle for drip for
the umbrella is placed on the end of the stick ; this has a concave perforated top, and abow
it is a leader to collect the drip from the cloth covering and direct it into the concave cup of
the receptacle. «

Claim. — First, an umbrella furnished with a receptacle for water draining thefefirom m d»>
sohbed.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the receptacle A, leader B, concave top C
with its holes, and the ring D, as and for the purposes described.

No. 39,810.— Lyman P. Harris, of Mansfield, Richland county, O,— Improvement in-
Simp Evaporators. — ^Patent dated September H, 1863. — ^The pan has low corrugations over
which the juice circulates, the partitions arresting the surface scum, and the juice flowing in
an indu-ect course towards the sides of the pan below the surface of the scum, under gates,
through strainers or along the sides of the pan; the boiling surface being corrugated wMla
the scum surface is level.

Claim, — First, the construction of sirup and sugar evaporators, substantially as and for
the purposes described.

Second, the combination of a coxTugated and a plane surface in the one pan bottom, sub-
stantially as described.

No. 39,811. —Luther W. Harwood, of Troy, N. Y, "Improvement in Orates for Stovei^—
Patent dated September 8, 1863. — This grate consists of two portions, side bv side, and sup-
ported together by a compound journal, one of the grates being furnished with an arm fitting
against the other grate to make them mutually supporting ; when the grates are reciprocated
endwise, the followers attached b^ rods an^ pivoted to vibrating levers prevwit the clogging
of the spaces between the ends of^ the frames ; an inclined projection or guide is arrangod on
the under side of each end of that half grate which is elevated when the grate is tilted, and
a guide also on, the und^ side and inner ends of the followers opposite to tne depressed grate.

Claim. — First, two sub-grates B C, fnounted side by side on shanks which aie fast on tho
sub-grates, and so shaped and arranged together in sockets or bearings, that the said sub-
grates can be reciprocated along each other on their respective shanks, and also rocked or
tilted together like one erate on the said combined shanks, as an axis common to both sub-
grates, substantially as ueretn set forth.

Second, in combination with two reciprocating and rocking sub-grates, mounted togetlier
on divided journals common to both sub-grates, substantially as herein described, a support-
ing arm or arms G, arranged on the under tide of and carried by the said combined sub-
grates, substantially as herein set forth.

Third, the combination of a pair of levers H H, two sets of followers or drivers ////, and
two connecting rods K K, with two sliding and turning sub-grates B C, mounted together
on divided journals common to both of the said sub-grates, substantially as herein set forth.

Fourth, in combination with two sliding and turning sub-grates B C mounted together on
divided journals common to both sub-grates, and provided with drivers or followers /yf/,
substantittllv as herein described, the inclined guides m n afranged on the under side of and
carried by the said combined sub-gates and followers, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 39,812.— Napoleon Hayman, of New York, N. Y.^Improved Hydrant. —latent
dated September 8, 18C3. — ^This consists of a service and a discharge pipe uniting in a ver-
tical chamber which is occupied by a slide, the latter having two apertures; by the low«^
one the water-main is connected "with the discharge-pipe, and by the upper aperture the
upper end of the discharge-pipe is connected to the waste-pipe, while the water-main ocm*
nexion is cut off.

Cteim.— The sBde B, fitted withm the box A, and provided with the opening a and recess
b, in combination with the service or discharge-pipe D, supply-pipe E, and waste-pipe F,
arranged respectively in relation with the opening a gBdj:ecees46, iii; (h» jUidt B. to oE«at»
as and for the purpose herein set forth. ^^



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^ COMMISSIONEB OP PATENTS. C43

No. 59,813.— Reuben G. Holmes, of Worcester,, Mass.— /nyrowi Clothes Wringer, —
Patent issued September 8, 1963; antedated January 21, 1863. — ^The pressure upon the
journals of the upper roller is g^ven by means of posts connected to the ends of the upper
spring piece which is borne down by the central screw which has its lower attachment in
the centre of another spring piece whose ends rest on the under side of the upper frame bar
of the machine.

Claim, — ^The combination of the two springs as shown by I I, ais fully set forth in this
specification. v

No. 39,814.— Reuben G. Holmes, of Worcester, Mass. — Improved Clothes Wringing
Jlfa<:Aine.— Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated April 20, 1863. — ^The improvement
consists of two bars forming an elliptic spring bearing on the under side of the upj)er bar of
the frame and upon the upper side and miadle of the bar in which the upper roller is joumalled.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the springs K and L, so arranged as to bear upon the centre
of the bar I, thereby producing a greater and more equal pressure.

No. 39,815. — Hugh Huston, of Cannonsburg, Washington county, Pa. — Improved Peg-
ging AwdI Holder and Extractor. — Patent dated ^ptember 8, 1863. — ^The socket gpripping tms
awl is surrounded by a sleeve which is projected by a spiral spring within the himdle ; as the
awl is driven into the sole of the boot this spring is driven back, and assists in withdrawing
the awl.

Claim, — First, the awl extractor c, its extensions el c2, its pin A, and its mode of fastening
K Kl K2, as and for the purposes specified.

Second, the flange /3, as and for the purposes specified.

Third, the ferule with its slot t and pin hole K2, as and for the purposes specified.

Fourth, the awl-holder//^ /2, the awl g^ the spiral spring </, in combination as and for
purposes specified.

No, 30,816. — ^R. H. Jewett, of Mount Sterling, Brown county, HI. — Improvement in
Means for Defending Harbors and River Channels, — Patent issued September 8, 1863 ; ante-
dated April 29, 1863. — ^These vessels have ports by which water is admitted to sink them,
and pipes by which the water may be removed to render them buoyant ; a parapet for guns
or sharpshooters, and additional floating vessels chained to the larger to obstruct the inter-
vening passages.

Claim. — First, the erfployment as a harbor defence of one or more vessels A, each having,
ports & 6, a hatch c fitted with pipes d e, and a superstructure ^, the whole combined sub-
stantially as herein specified.

Second, the employment, in combination with the above-described vessel or vessels, of floats
C C, applied and secured substantially as herein specified. ^

No. 39,817. — ^Luther A. Johnson, of San Francisco, C&i,-— Lathe for Tummg BilUmrd
Balls, — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The ivory is centred between a revolving concave
chuck and a revolving centre, which consists of a mece of elastic substance against the ivory
backed by a rod retained by a socket on the tail Bmw. The tool has a forward motion by a
screw feeder, and likewise a revolving motion, having thepohit immediately under the centre
d the ball as its centre of rotation.

Claim. — First, the rotating centre formed of the rod I, provided with a collar h, and fitted
in a socket H on the arbor £, and also provided with a socket or cap d to receive a piece
of India-rubber e, or other suitable yielding material, in combination with the concave chuck
G attached to the mandrel C, all arranged substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the tool -rest, composed of the adjustable plate- 2, turning plate /, and slide », aft
•nronged to operate in connexion with the chuck and rotary centre, for the purpose set forth.

Nf. .^,818. — Casper Erogr, of Kroghville. Jefferson county. Wis. — Improvement in
Dry Docks, — Patent dated September 8, lo63. — ^This consists of camels or floating caissons,
to be filled with air, on which vessels may be built, or by which they may be lifted out of the
water. The detail of the devices may be found in the claim.

Claim, — First, the combination and arrangement of the air-distributor C, the flexible'pipes
e c, the tubes d d^ with the air-tight chambers or compartments D B, constructed and opera-
ting substantially as and for purposes herein delineated and set forth.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the stationary uprights D D, the tubes d and
«, and scfiJe board «, substantially as and for the purposes specihed.

. Third, the combination of the hinged standards or upriffhts D D, the hinged valve rod»>
m m'y the jointed tubes d and e, arrs^ged and operating saBstantially as and lor the purposes
described and shown in Figure 2.

Fourth, constructing said lifters or docks B B with the partitions, and providing them with
tlie outlets, valves, and valve rods, and tubes d and s, substantially as described.

No. 39,819.— Henry Kurth, of East New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Tobacco Smoking
Pipe, — ^Patent dated September 8, 1863.— The smoke passes up through its appropriate passage
into a chamber which has a lower reservoir behina the smoke passage fot the collection of
moisture.



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644 ANNUAL BEPOBT OP THE

C/atm.— A smoking pip^ which has its shank B made with a smoke passage •,• and a
moisture cavity 6, arranged in respect to each other and to the bowl and stem C, in the
manner herein shown and describea.

No. 39,820.— Frederick Lunkenkeimer, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — ImprovenuiU i* Go-
Bwm«r».— Patent dated September 8, 1863.— A tubular valve is provided in the interior of
the burner which encloses" and shuts down upon the flanged base of a conical centre so as bj
the turning of the screw to close or open the orifice and regulate the flow of gas.

Claim. — Thft conical adjustable valve g g, figure 2, in combination with the caps or boodf
C, with the screw i, the openings F F F, Sie tubes H H and G G, for the purpose of regu-
lating the flow of the gas, substantially as set forth and described.

No. 39,821. — George Lutz, of Lancaster, Fairfield county, Ohio.— /m^rovetf W§ia
Indicator for Steam Boi/er«.— Patent dated September 8, 1863.— The index-finger shaft haa
a pinion gearing into a ratchet on a rod which passes downwards to the arm ot a rock shaft,
which latter on its other end has a float rod attached.

Claim. — ^Tbe combination and arrangement of the pinion, ratchet, rock shaft, and float,
' substantially as set foi-th, for the purpose specified.

Nd. 39,822.— WiLUAM H. Mallory, of Watertown, Litchfield county. Conn.— /wjwtw-
ment in Hate.— Patent dated September 8, 1863 —The brim of the flexible hat is mainiained
in shape by steel springs in the bod^r or folds of the material.

Claim. — ^A hat constructed of flexibte material with a brim extended and held in shape bj
means of covered flat steel springs applied in perpendicular positions, all as hereui described
and for the purposes specified.

No. 39,823.— Edward Maynard, of Washington, D. C— Improvement in MetaUie C•^
tridges, —F&ient dated September 8, 1863. — ^The cap is. attached to the cartridge case by
means of a cord or arm so as to be ready for use, but not subjecting the cartridge to accidental
explosion by being closely attached thereto.

Claim. — Combining any suitable detonating compound, with a metallic or otherwise solid
and durable cartridge, ,by means of an aim, cord, or thong, substantially in the manner and
for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,824. — ^B. B. Mereness, of Georgetown, Madison county, N. Y. — Improved Mackint
for Handling Hides.— V&teuX dated September 6, 1863.— This consists of a box in which
revolves a perforated cylinder on horizontal journals ; the cylinder has a door for the filling
or withdrawal of the hides and an inner wheel which ma^ be rotated in the same direction as
the cvlinder or otherwiso. Between the heads of the inner wheel are paddles constructed as
detailed in the claim.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of the outer perforated cylinder, with the perforated paddks
of the inner cylinder, substantially as described.

Second, giving the surface or edge of Ihe paddles, alternately, a convex and a concave
surface, substantially as set forth.

Third, arrangiujg^ the paddles relatively to each other, substantially as described — that is
to say, one diverging from the head in one direction, and one or more diverging from the
head in any opposite direction, as set forth.

No. 39,825.— Ralph S. Mershon, of Philadelphia, Pa., and Jehu Holungsworth, of
Zanesville, Ohio. — Improvement in Self-cocking Revolving Ftre-amu.-i-Patent dat^ Sep-
tember 8, 1863. — ^The general scope ana detail of this invention are sufficiently described in
the claim.

Claim. — ^First, the applicc^tion of a reservoir of power to a repeating fire-arm, as described
herein, for the purpose of cocking the hammer and by liberating it, rotating and locking the
chambered cylinder simultaneously for one or more discharges, without using the hand to
cock the arm, as in the ordinary way.

Second, so combining the reservoir of power with the hammer and its independent spring,
as herein described, that the action of the reservoir of power can be instantly suspended and
the hammer cocked, chambered cylinder liberated, rotated, and locked by band, as in ordi-
nanr hand-cocking revolving fire-arms.

Third, the axis, shaft, or soindle on which is placed the arbor for the coiled spring, the
escape wheel, the hammer, the stop-work, and the winding disk, as herein described, in com-
bination with the reservoir of power or coiled spring, acting as a spindle or boEiror for each
piece.

Fourth, the combinations of the reservoir of power with an arbor, escape wheel, hammer,
hammer dog, hammer finger, chamber lock, chambered cylinder and trigger, as herein de-
scribed, so that, when the resorvoir of power is wound up, by pulling ^e tri^rger the ham-
mer will bo liberated and the arm discharged, and then, by simply letting go me trigger, the
hammer will be instantly cocked, chambered cylinder liberated, rotate^ and lockod, ready
for another discharge.

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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 645

Rfth, the combination of the reservoir of power with the stop- work, as herein described,
for the purpose of limiting the power and action of the reservoir of power.

Sixth, the combination of the reservoir of j>ower with the winding disk, as herein described,
for the purpose of accumulating power hj winding up said resr-rvolr of power.

Seventh, the combination of the reservoir of power with the winding disk and bolt, sub-
stantiallx >^ described, -for the purpose of suspending the action of the restJToir of power, so
that the arm can be operated bv hand.

Eighth, the combination of the trigger, and its two arms or forks, with the escape wheel,
and also with the hammer dog, as herrin described, so that when the trigger is pulled one
of the arms will liberate the hammer dog and hammer, and permit the arm to be discharged ;
' and at the same time its other arm will oe entering into a scape-wheel tooth or notch, thus
holding at rest the scape-wheel and reservoir of power ; the arm or fork which has been hold-
ing the scape-wheel and reservoir of power at rest being withdrawn by releasing or letting
go the trigger, the reservoir of power and scape- wheel will become free to act, and will, bv
means of the hammer dog, rotate and cock the hammer, and hy it liberate, turn, and lock
the chambered cylinder in its place, ready for another dischar^.

Ninth, the application of the self-coclung mechanism, herein described, to all chambered
cylinders in which metallic cartridges aro used.

No. 39,826.— Richard Mohler and John Becker, of Lancaster county, Pa. — Improve-
ment in Flour Bolts. — Patent dated September 8, 1863.— This consists of a series of levers
pivoted on a bv lying lengthwise under the bolt, and so arranged that the lighter end of the
fevers are in contact with a bar of the bolt, and knock from bar to bar as the bolt revolves.

CUirh, — The arrangement of a series of 'levers or beaters F, made adjustable separately or
Collectively by means of the holes A, pins G, rail D, and end supports E, operating substan-
tially in the manner specified, against the under surface of the reel, as shown.

No. 39,827. — John D. Parrot, of Morristown, Morris county, N. J. — Improvement in
Chum Power. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The springs on the shaft are so connected
with the eear-wheels and crank-shaft that one or more of the springs may be employed to
produce tne desired rotation, according to the power required or Ae length of time involved
in accomplishing the work.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of two or more springs C G' on the same shaft B, in combina-
tion with the cog-wheels D jy and pins a a', and with the adjustable pinions G G' on the
shaft E, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as shown
and described.

No. 39,828.— John George Perzel, of New York, N. Y. -—Improved Process of Recover-
ing Wool from Mixed FtfArtc*.- Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated April 3, 1863.—
The process consists in destroying the cotton in mixed fabrics by means of chloride of zinc,
or analogous chlorides, either alone or with the aid of diluted sumhuric acid.

Claim. — ^The solution of chloride of zinc, or analogous chlorides, either alone or with the
aid of diluted sulphuric acid, in a manner as described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,829.— James Platt, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Rotary rw^inc— Patent
issued September 8, 1863; antedated March 14, 1862. — ^Jhis engine consists of a stationary
steam tube divided by a longitudinal diaphragm into an eduction and an induction passage,
and having a stationary head and abutment, around which revolves a shell provided* with
swinging pistons or valves, operated by the rotation of the shftU, all the working parts being
encloied in an exterior shell,

C^afwi.— First, the shell I, provided with the pistons or valves J J', attached to the shaft F,
and encompassing the stationary head C, which is provided with ths abutment D, and com-
municates with the induction and eduction passages e / of tuba B, substantially as and for
the purpose set forth.

Second, in combination with the Ptationary tube B, head C, and rotary shell I, the sta-
tionary shell A, the latter encompassing the shell I and head C, and arranged as shown.

Third, the operating or tuminff of the valves J J' by means of the arms K and guide or
^oovc M, arranged as shown, when stucf means are used in connexion with the head C and
snell I, and all combined and arranged for joint operation^ as set forth.

No. 33,830.— James Platt, of Utica, N. Y. - Improvement in Bearings for Vertical SJtaft-
ing. — Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated October 25, 1862.— Near the foot of the
shaft is a collar fastened tightly to it, which is supported on a circular series of friction
rollers joumalled in a box, which is made adjustable on its bed. ' ^

Claim. — The friction rollers F, fitted in an annular revolving frame E, in combination
Tvith the adjustable box C placed on the framing A, and the collar G placed on the shaft B,
all arranged as and for the purpose herein sot forth.

No. 39,831.— James Platt, of Utica, N. Y.— Improved fFfl««r-fc^cZ.— Patent issued Sep-
tember 8, 1863 ; antedated April 2, 1663.- The buckets are attached to the end^ of vibrating



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£4^



ANNUAii REPOBT OF THE



anns, and are pres^d down into and lifted ont of the circolaf water-passage bj tbe engage-
ment of their Iriction rollers with tbe inclined tracks affixed to the frame:

iiaim. — ^Tho buckets D D, of curved form, attached to frames II, which are conoeded
by joints or hinges d d to the plate B, in combmation with the case £ and the curved inelined
plane K, all arranged for joint operationi as and for the purpose herein sot forth.

Also, the combination and arrangement- of the buckets D D, frames 1 1, plate B, caseE,
curved inclined planes K, pressure plate M, attached to the semicircular plate L and apnog
K, for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,830.— James Platt, of Utica, N. Y.— Improved WmUr Wfcee/.— Patent issued Sep-
tember 8, 18(53; antedated October 17, 1862.— -These buckets have an arc-shaped face m
shank radial with their point of vibration. They shut back into chambers to aamit of th«r
passing the abutment, which motion is caused bj the operation of a cam on tiie outside,
which governs the reciprocating rotary motion of uie valve shafts, by which ihe valves are
alternately projected into the circular water-race and retracted into their chambers.

Claim, — First, the curved sbding buckets £ E connected to shafts D D, and aziangcd
with springs substantially as shown, to operate as and for the purpose specified. ^

Second, the combmation of the cam J and abutment G, when used in connexion with Aa
sliding or yielding buckets £ £, arranged as shown and described.

No. 39,833.— James Platt, of Utica, N. Y,—Improved Water »%««/.— Patent issoed
September 8, 1863; antedated October 25, 1862.— Drop buckets are attached to the arms of
the revolving shaft, ftnd are rait^ed over an abutment located between the points of epcw
uf the water and the inlt^t by the rotation of the arms on which they are placed. The oetsil
of the operation of the buckets is to be found in the claim.

Claim. — First, the employment or use of the drop buckets H, attached to the shafts 6 G,
when used in connexion with the annular water-passage d in the case A, provided with du
abutment B, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the manner of operating the drop ouckets H, as herein shown and described, ti
wit, by means of tbe bent arms 1, fitted on the shafts G 6 of the buckets, provided witk
the rollers J at one end; and the stationary cam J, attached to the bottom c of the case A, ad
the projections K, attached to the under side of the top plate F of the case A.

No. 39,834.— James Platt, of Utica, N. Y.— Improved WaUr JF^es/.— Patent wsfn^
September 8, 1863; antedated July 20, 1862. — This consists of a wheel revolving around s
ceutrtil hub and carrying hinged buckets which fold back into recesses as they pa^s an abuv
ment. The water is admitted behind the bucket through an inclined sector chute and escap^i
on the oiher side as the opposite bucket comes into action.

Claim, — The arrangement of the pivoted buckets H H, reeesses m m, and segment G
with the wheel C, hubs 4 gt arms/, and inclined sector chute D, all in the manner henii
shown fmd described.

No. 39,835.— William R. Eeece, of Tremont, Schuylkill county, Pa. — Imnrovement tf
Coal' Breaking Rolls,— Fatent issued September 8, 1863; antedated JanuMT" 16, 1863.— Tk
sections forming the cylinder aie kieyed together on a mandrel; each section has the radi»
holes fur the teeth and keyholes transversely therewith.

Claim. — A coal-breakmg roll mado in sections B, when each section has recesses for the
refeoption of the shanks of the teeth G, and recesses for the reception of keys e, for confining
said teeth to the sections, and when the keys of one- section are retained in their places by
the adjacent section, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purpose hertii
set forth.

No. 39,836.— David A. Ross, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— /mproceinent in Fireplaces.—Ts.Ur^
dated September 8, lc^3.— This consists of a vibrating ogee fire back in the fireplace above
the grate so as to cause the heated products of combustion to come forward and .seek their



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 112 of 164)