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exit through an orifice provided with a damper in the upper part of said back. The fire
back may be pushed aguinst the back of the chimney when required.

Claim. — The rotating or movable back 13, in combination with the adjuster E, when cod-
structed and operating substantially as described.

No. 39,837.— G. H. Schanck, of Xibertyville, Lake county, HI.— /mjwowmsji^ t» Ctdtir
tutors. — Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated April 2, 1862.— The cultivator standaris
are attached to a frame on wheels, and are elevatea by being lifted by the operator who
stands on the foot-board, and are retained thus bv the bar whose end rests on the axle, being
dropped by the reverse motiou and pressed into the ground by the weight of the operator.

t'iaiht, — Extending the hinged frame g back, and locating the driv^er's seat s tnereon, in
relation to the foot-board/, handle m, and spring n, as describe; whereby the driver -can
drop the cultivator ploughs vrith his hai^ds, and at the same time press them into the groond,
or regulate their dip wiUi his weight.



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COlOaSfilONEB OF PATENTS. 647

No. 39,838.— Gilbert L. Sheldon, of New Marlboro', Berksliira county, MMe.*-/m-
wwement in Trucks for Pulling Stone, — Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated July
86, ldU3.— The apparatus consiBts of a high beam on wheels canylng a winch with a large
wheel, on which a rope is wound, passing around a smaller pulley attached near the ^und
and thence to the team ; the lifting chain is attached to and winds on the shaft on each side
of the large wheel, and the shaft is provided with a ratchet, and the frame with a pawl, to
retain the motion gained. When the stone is swun^ it may be carried off by the truck.

CUim, — ^The combination of the single, bar H, of the frame K K K K K K, and single
pulley A, with its accompanying shaft and ratchet a', substantially in the manner and for
the purposes described.

Second, the use of the chain B, in combination with the single pulley A, when said
chain is attached on each side of the said pulley, substantially as represented and for the pur-
pose described.

No. 39,839.— George H. Sbctth, of Lowell, Mass.— /m;»n>t^ L^'Holder.—V Atdni
dated September 8, 1863.— The post on which the heel of the last is set in an iuTerted po-
sition is so pivoted as to be inclined by the raising of a perforated bar, which latter is secured
in the required position by a spring bolt. The toe of the last is supported on a holder whoso
foot nibrates in a socket to correspond with the inclination of the post on which the heel of
■the last is secured.

Claim. — ^First, the sliding bolt £; in connexion with the perforated bar D, arranged sub •
stantially as shown for holding the last at a greater or less degree of inclination as may be
required*

Second, the levers N P, link O, screw-link Q, and nut R, all arranged substantially as
ahown, for the purpose of securing the last in proper position, as set forth.

No. 39,840.— Jacob J. SMim, of Philadelphia, Ftk,— Improvement iu Armn Stretchers. —
Patent dated September 8, 1863. — The side rails of the stretcher are connected and retained
at the required distance by means of knee-jointed plates, the required ^et being retained
when bent by a pawl on one plate, which engages a ratchet on the other.

Claim. — ^I'he employment of the knee-jointed bars or plates C C, so that they shall operate
in combination with the side rails A A, and canvas B, of a stretcher, substantially in the
manner described and set forth, for the purpose specified.

Also, in combination with the said knee-jointed bars or plates C C,. the employment of
the pawls D D and ratchet teeth £ £, substantially in the manner described and set forUi,
for tne purposes specified.

No. 39,841.— George N. Stearns, of Syracuse, N. Y .—Improvement in Hollow Augers,-—
Patent issued September 8, J 863; antedated January 16, 1863.— The cutter is so located in
the snail-shaped nolder that it gives the required dmw-cut to the material that is presented
to it. It embraces the hollow mandrel, which, in turn, encloses the graduated sh^mk,
which, by its acyustment, determines the length of the tenon.

Claim. — First, the construction of the body of the auger substantially as described, and
combining therewith, the adjustable thimble C, the acyustable cutter B, and the adjustable
shank a, for the purposes substantially as specified.

Second, confining the cutter within the mortise and sustaining and locating it so as to
obtain the longitudinal, vertical, and lateral adjustment and the drawing cut, substantially
as and for the purposes described.

No. 39,842. — ^Nathan Stedman, of Aurora, Dearborn county, Ind. — Improvement in
Patm;i«.— Patent dated September 8, 1863.— In this pump the piston rod and piston are
hollow, the latter having a cylinder valve and steady pin ; the piston works in a cylinder
with a water passage around the side, and the suction passage is below the main cylinder,
with a double puppet valve connexion with each end of the piston.

Claim. — ^The hollow piston B, provided with the hollow valve U and tubular rod G, in
combination with the water passages DBF and double puppet valve G, all arranged to
operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,843, — C. E. Stockder, of West Meriden, New Havon county, Gonn. — Improve-
ment in Bridle Bits* — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^The bit ring has a buckle witlun it
for the end of the strap to be attached thereto.

Claim. — As a new article of manufacture, a bit ring A, provided with a tongue a and eye
6, as and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,844. — John G. Symmes, of United StatM Ordnance. — Improvement in Gas-Check
for Breech-loading Fire-arms. — Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated December 25,
1862.— The gas-check is formed of caoutchouc combined with an incombustible powder before
vulcanization, and is moulded Into a shapefesemblin^ a cup or saucer, vulcanizea and attached '
with its base to the breech, acting as a gas check without covering from the fire.

Claim, — ^First, making the gas-choke of the form and using it in the manner substantially
set forth.

Second, making the ga«-choke largely fire-proof; substantially as set forth.



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648 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

No. 39,845.— Henry Tabor, of Hopkinton, Washington countjr, R. l.—Improtfement in tU
Stop Motion far Railway Drawing Heads,— P&tent dated September 8, 1863. — This is a me-
thod of releasing the belt-stripper so as to shift the driving belt to a loose pulley when the
roving becomes too small or too large. When the roving is diminished to a.oertaiii extent
the rolls are lowered and bite upon a plate which in moving actnates a lever and rele^sea the
belt-stripper. The same effect is produced by the enlarged roving passing through the hxigki
which is connected by a rod to the said lever.

Claim. — First, the employment in railway drawing heads of the plate O, or its equivalent,
standing between the rolls and so connected and arranged that a diminution in the size of the
roving will allow the rolls to bite upon and move the same so as to stop the machine, aub-
stantmUv as herein set fovth.

Secon<3, connecting both the bugle P and the plate O to the same liberating apparatus 1/
and its connexions in the manner and for the parpo»e herein set forth.

Third, tbu arrangement in stop motions for a railway drawing head of the lever N and
spring K, so that the latter, shall perform the«double function of holding the lever L and turn-
ing the shatl; J, as herein set forth.

No, 39, 846.— J AMES TOMLINSON, of Racine, Wis,— Improvement in Ckimnev Caps.—Fsbeai
dated September 8, 1863. — This consists of a series of scoop-shaped wings or mnnels arranged
around the upper end of a chimney and between two conical plates, the smoke having ^ress
through an uper tube.

Claim, — The scooped-shaped wings or funnels C, in connexion with the conical plates B
D and tubes A £, all arranged substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,847.— J. W. Town, of South Woodbury, Washington county, Yt— Improvement
in Last i^achines, — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — This is an improvement in the guide
or model wheel of a last machine on which the different sizes of guides are conveniently ar-
ranged, so that without changing the cutters or pattern different sizes may be produced.

Claim. — The employment or iise of different sizes of guides in a last machine, so that with
the same partem and set of knives lasts of different size can be turned and the proportion
maintained perfectly.

Also, the antinffement of guides a of different size on the periphery of a wheel A, substan-
tially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,848.— William II. Trissler, of Cleveland, Ohxo.—Improved Composition for
Polishing Brass. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — Burnt day 1,000 parts, tartaric acid 10
parts, common salt 10 parts, mix for use.

Claim. — The combination of burnt clay, tartaric acid, and common salt,, substantially in
the manner and for the pui'poses herein set forth.

No. 39,849.— Windsor B. Wait, of South Reading, Middlesex county, 'Mskss.— Improved
Artisan's Stage. — Patent dated Septembers, 1863. — ^This consists of a seat and platform to be
suspended by pulleys in front of the house for convenience in repairing, &c., the same. The
various elevating and traversing mechanism and conveniences are recited in the claims.

Claim, — The stage or chair A, as not only made with the platform a, arranged as described,
but with the auxiliary platform or scat c placed above the platform a, and hinged to the body
of the frame so as to be capable of being operated as specihed.

Also, the stage A, as made with the end boxes or receptacles d d, arranged relatively to
its arms and hinged seat as specified.
' Also, in combination with the stage A, the windlasses B B, their operative mechanisms
and ttickles, constructed to operate substantially as described.

Also, in combination with the stage, its windlasses and tackles, an adjustable balancing
mechanism arranged and constructcu so as to operate substantially as described.

Also, in combination with the stage, its windlasses, their operative mechanisms and tackles,
the adjustable bars E E, provided with wheels and handles arranged Wth respect to them as
specified.

No. 39,850. — H. D. Ward, of Pittsfield, Berkshire county, Mass.^ — Improvement in Double'
barrelled Revolting Fire-arm,— FRieut dated September 8, 1863. — ^The double-barrelled arm is
so constructed that two of the chambers may be discharged, one through each banel, without
rotating the cylinder between the discharges, or for* discharging the chambers consecutively
through one banel ; in the latter case but one hammer and in the former both are cocked ; the
change in the operation of the revolving mechanism is accomplished by the single or the dou-
ble cocking ; in the former case the cylinder only rotating the distance between the centres
of the consecutive chambers, and when both are cocked rotating double that distance.

Claim. — First, so applying two ba^rel^ in combination with one rotating cylinder having
a single circle of chambers as to provide either for the discharge of t\^fo of the said chambers,
one through each barrel, without rotating the cylinder between the discharges or for the dis-
charge of the several chambers successively through one of the said barrels, substantially as
herein described.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. . . 649

Second, combinine the two hammers with each other and with the dog A, for rotating tho
cylinder by means of the sleeve /) or its equivalent, having a projection p, the arm I having
a projection q, the spring r, and the pin or projection S, the whole arranged to operate sub-
stantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,851.— Nathaniel Waterman, of Boston, Mass.— /mvrovemeni in Coffee-beUera. —
Patent dated September 8, 1863. — Below the upper or water cuamber is a perforated cone
projecting into the coffee-holder, which discharges the decoction through its perforated bot-
tom into the reservoir. The coffee-holder has a spiral spring around it, and is hooked on to
the upper portion. ^

Claim.— The improved coffoe-decoction apparatus, as made with the foraminous cone H',
or its equivalent, orran^d and combined witn the hot- water receiver D, the coffee-holder F,
or the same and its spnng expander, substantially as specified.

Also, the arrangement and combination of the helical spring, the sliding latch or latches,
and the catch or catches thereof, together and with the expander and water vessel, the same
being substantially as specified.

'No. 39,852.— William Watts, of Newark. N. J.— Improvement in Steam Pttm»».— Patent
dated September 8, 1863. — ^This consists of an inclined plane on the roof of the chamber,
against which works a wedge, the latter holding the valve to its place. The wedffe is operated
from the outside by means of a screw bolt ana nut, the removal of which and the cap ex-
poses the valve for examination or removal.

Claim, — First, the combination of the projection or bearing P with the wedge W, bolt B,
and cap C, substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.

Second, the combination of the said wedge W with tne valve V, substantially in the oiian-
ner and for the purposes described.

No; 39,853.— WnxiAM Webster, of Middletown, Butler county, Ohio.— Improvement in
Closing Fruit Cans. — Patent dated September 8, 1863.— This consists of a piece of bent
spring wire inserted through loops on the edge of the can, and the middle bow resting upon
a traverse bar formed of a loop of wire the shape of, and fastened to, the dome-like central
projection of the lid.

Claim. — The spring A, formed of tempered wire in the manner described, and applied by
one direct operation, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Also, the loop-formed traverse bar, or its equiv^ent, applied and used in the manner and
for the purposes specified.

Also, the combination of the traverse bar C and spring A, as and for the purpose described.

No. 39,854.— John D. F. Wemple, of Albany, N. Y.—Imvrovement in CnUekes. —Psktent
dated September 8, 1863. — ^The crutch has an elastic bearing oy a tubular spring in its upper
half, with a piston pressing on the same. A folding joint in tho middle, to enable the crutch
to be doubled up, is secured, when straight, by a tubular sleeve. A point to be projected at
the end in icy weather is worked by a bayonet joint.

Claim. — ^Jirst, the spiral springy U H fitted within the tubes G O, and secured at their
lower ends to the lower ends of said tubes, in combination with the tubes F F, in which the
tubes G are fitted and allowed to slide freely, and to which the upper ends of the springs H
are connected by screws o, which pass through the tubes F and through longitudinal slots m
in the tubes G, substantiaUy as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, conj^tructinff the crutch joints C, arranged as shown, or in an equivalent way, to
admit of the folding of the crutch when desired, as herein described.

Third, the point or spur D inserted in the lower end of the crutch, when used in combina-
tion with the sliding or adjustable tube £, provided with a catch or fastening, substantially
as and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,855. — Abraham Whiten ack, of North Salem, Hendricks county, Ind; — Improve-
tnent in Sugar Evaporators. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — The pan has three parti-
tions, which are connected by bent tubes, closed b^ gates. A scraper, occupying the whole
width of the section of trough, is used to stir the sirup.

Claim. — The combination with the scraper or movable partition I of the evaporator pans
A B and C, curved or bent tubes D £, ana gates F and Gr, when the said parts are all con«
stracted and arranged, and operate in the manner and for the purposes herein specified.

No. 39,856.— Anna C, Wilhelm, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Burner for Coal-oil Lamps. —
Patent issued September 8, 1863 ; antedated Mav 13, 1863. — The improvement consists of %
jacket or conical tube, surrounding the wick-tube, to prevent the disturbance of the flame
by lateral currents of air. The thin edges of the flame are further protected by horns or pro-
jections on the upper end of the tapering jacket

Claim. — Surrounding the wick-tube B with a tapering jacket A fitting closely around the
upper orifice of the said tube, substantially in the manner described and set forth, for the
purposes specified.



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41



$50 . mNUAL REPOBT OF THE

Also, in combination with the said jacket A the tw« projecting goards oS tfS, the mbi
being constracted and arranged sabstantiallj aa set fortli, for the purposes specified.

No. 39,857.— Solomon D. Woluson, of Pittsfield, Berkshire county. Mass.— /apnti-
ment in EUvating or Scaling Ladders, ^F&ient issued September 8, 1863 ; antedated Decem-
ber 25, 1862.— This elevator is on the toggle or lazy-tones principle. The ends of the bottom
and top toggles, respectively, are united to the base-board and elevating platform. Tbeop)»
site ends move, the upper ones in ways and the lower on a roller ; the tog^e end resticf m
the latter is prolonged into a lever, by which power is brought to bear to raise the tniM or
series of toggles. A screw above the upper toggle, passing to a shaft connecting the not
ioint below, affords means to the persoi^on the platform of spreading the truss and eleTStu^
himself.

C^im.— The manner of attaching the paid ladder to the base-board A and platform I, aai
the manner of applying the power -&r operating the said elevator — that is to say :

First, uniting one end of tne top and oottom toggle to the base-board A and platform l,k
the manner described, so as to cause that end of fdl the toggles to raise and fall on a lioi
drawn through the points so attached.

Second, the arrangement and combination of the wheel L with the lower end of tiie bot-
tom toggle and the base-board A, as shown and described, to fiudlitate the rise and faflof
Uie togflfTe.

Third, the arrangement of the lever O with the bottom toggle, the wheel L, and the ai)e(l
in the manner substantially as described and shown. ^

Fourth, the combination of the screws with the ujpper toggle joint and platform I, in ^
manner shown and described, to enable a man to saise and lower himself, as set forth.

Fifth, the block D in combination with the springs c and axle of the track-wheel, in tks
manner described, for^the purpose specified.

No. 39,858.— Solomon D. Woluson, of Pittsfield, Berkdiiie oonnty, Mass.— Jffarste
^or Throwing Prij^erti/et.— Patent issued September 8, 1863; antedated Januaiy 31, 1862.-
The torpedo is a££ced to the end of an elongating projector, formed on the lattice-truss «
kuy-tongs principle, which proiector is prolonged bv any suitable power to cause the toiped)
to move rapidly and shoot in advance of the vessel by which it is carried.

Claim, — ^The combination of a torpedo, ot similar projectile, with the elonffating prqjecka.
for the purpose of projecting the same as described, for the purpose specifiecL

No. 39,859.— William S. Worthington, of Nevrtown, Queens county, N. Y.—Imfrm-
ment in Setting Evaporating Kettles. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — ^A series of gTt»
with side fire-doors are placed at distances along the furnace, under the kettles. The tim
one is supplied with air which takes the whole series in its track, going over the fire-brid^
traversing the intervening space, being deflected by th^ partitions, and ascending thr««|^
the bars of the next grate in series.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of a series of fire grates CI C2 03, bridges £ £, partitioiis FF.
and intervening passages II 12 in relation to each other, and within the arch of a bloci<
train of evaporating kettles, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,860.— Michael Eble, of Ellwangen, Kingdom of Wurtemberg, assignor to Br-
DOLPH Engx^br, of same place,— F/nprovem&nt in Horoscopes, — Patent dated &pteniber i
1863. — This consists of an L-shaped index provided with a plumb line, and wiui a dic(«r
and bracket to intercept the sun's rays, in combination with a T-shaped adjustable sea*-
board, so that by the combined action of the two the time may be determined by the shadav
of the gnome.

Claim, — ^The arnmffement of the oscillating L-shaped index A in combination with tks
^ adjustable scale-board B, constructed and operating substantially as and for the puipoM
herein shown and described.

No. 39,861.— J. P. Fertio, of St. Louis, Mo., assignor to Hhnself and J. C. 8alx-
OEBER, of same place. — Improved Anti-typhus Remedy, — ^Patent dated September 8, 1863. —
Compounded of julep, e camphora, two ounces; acidun\ muriaticum, one ounce; «Bther
aceticus, two drachms.

Ctoim.— The withm described composition of matter or remedy, compounded of the ingre-
dients mentioned, in the quantities and proportions named, as a new article of manofactuis
and trade, for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,862.— Barnett Hansell, John McCann, and Samuel McCABfBRiDGE, of Phil-
adelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Apparatus for Cutting C^oM.— Patent dated September 8,
1863.— The cloth is unwound from a roller on to a cylinder with an apron extendmj^ around
the latter and a roller. As it passes to the cylinder, Wnives, which are adjustable in a bar traaa-
Tersely to its motion, cut it to the required widths ; aqd as it passes over a bar resting- on irays
it is stopped and cut transversely into lengths, the knife traversing the edge of a ^uide-bar.

Claim. — First, the construction of the cylinder B, with one or more cutter slots jr", sab-
stantially as described, for the purpose of cutting the doth into definite and suitable I
and forms, as above set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 651

Second, combiiiinf and arran^ng the extension bar or bars J, with the cylinder B. for the
purpose of varying the circomferenco of the latter, sabstantially as described and for tlie pur-
pose sot forth.

Third, constructing the apron F with the slotted cutter bar J, when combined and arranged
with the cylinder B, substantially in the manner and for the purpose above set forth.

Fourth, the combination o£ the knives Q Q with the cylinder li, when arranged and oper-
ating substantially as described.

Fifth, the combination an^ arrangement of the reciprocating roller U with the cylinder B»
substantially as and for the purpose above set forth.

Sixth, the arrangement of the support bar T in relation to the knives Q Q and doth M,
substantially as described.

No. 39,863.— T. J. Magee, of Cincinnati. Ohio, assignor to Himself and James H. Hoole,
of same place. — Improved Sofa Bedstead. — Patent dated September 8, 1863. — The trestles
which form the supports for the head and foot respectively are hinged to the back comers of the
sofa, and being opened, afford a support to the hinged bottom frame, which is retained by
studs and spring on the grooves and on the catches of the trestles.

Claim, — The arrangement of grooved trestles B B' hinged vertically to the sofa back, and
folding frame F F^ hinged horizontally to said back, in combination with studs 1 1, grooves
D D', springs K K', and catches M M^ the whole being combined and operadng subetan-
.tially as set forth.


No. 39,864. — Caleb H. Packard, of North Bridgewater, Plymouth county, Mass., as-
signor to JoH« J. Haley, Curtis* J. Morse, and Addison BoVden, of Boston, Mass.—
Improved Clothes Wringer, — Patent dated September 8, '1863. — The upper roller journals move
in arc-shaped bearings concentric with the axis of the intermediate roller by which it^is
driven, and which in turn receives its motion from the lower roller by the intervention of
andther pinion.

Claim. — In combination with a pair of squeezing rolls, one or both of which are huog in
yielding bearings, and both driven by cogged gears, the intermediate gears £ and F for the
purpose of continuing to drive the squeezing rolls, however much they may separate or ap-
proach each other, substantially as described.

No. 39,865.— Edwin L. Simpson, of Bridgeport, Conn., assignor to Himself and Jareo
Wilson Post, of New Haven, Conn. — Improvemetd in, Water-procf Boots and Shoes, —



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 113 of 164)