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Caster Bottle, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The improvement consists in placing
within the caster a stationary shaft and arms, which shall form an obstruction, and tend to
pulverize the salt, which is dashed against them in the act of shaking.

Claim. — ^The application of the obstruction D c, or its ecjuivalent, to a box A, constructed
and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

No. 39,890.— David Comminos, Jr., of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Coin and
Letter Scales.— TAtent issued September 15, 1863; antedated February 2, 1863. — ^Theooin
or letter to be weighed is placed m the spring holder, and the weighted arc moved rotmd on
the pivot until the mark of the denomination of the coin or die weight in ounces i^ dlieetly
under the index E on the beam, when an excess or deficiency of weight will be indicated by
the tipping of the beam.

Claim. — The pivoted weight F and curved plate J, operated substantially as described
i^d for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,891.— Robert B. Davtoson, of Greenville, Muhlenberg county, Kj.—hmprw^
ment in Mechanic4d Movements. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^This arrangement of
levers, toggles, and other mechanism is designed to change the reciprocating motion of a
steam engine to continuous or intermittent rotary motion by impulse upon the pawl, which,
by means of its jointed connexions, continues to act tangentialiy upon the ratchet wheel.

Claim. — A combination of levers B D E F and M ana connecting rods G I K L and P,
with a chain cord or band O, pawl N, and ratchet wheel S, all as herein described.

No. 39,892. -nJosEPH C. Day, of Jersev City, N. J, —Improvement in Sewing Mackmts,—
Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated July 17, 1862. — One end of the bar carrying
the feed comb comes in contact with an inclined projection on the connecting rod P, by the
motion of which latter the bar is lifted and the comb brought in contact with the doth, when
the comb bar is moved longitudinally by a bar connected to a sleeve which slides on a rocking
arm. The forked spring 1 1, which is mounted on the looper carrier, retains the loop in the
proper position for the entrance of the looper as the latter passes the path of the needle, and
prevents the loop from twisting around the needle.

Claim, — First, obtaining the required uniform vertical and adjustable horizontal move-
ments necessary for an adjustable feeding mechanism from a continuous reciprocadiuj
motion, by means of the reciprocating wedge face K, dog K^ radial arm L, sleeve M, aod
ocyustable bar N, or equivalent link, substantially as herein described.

Second, the spring I, mounted on the looper carrier F, and arranged to operate with the
needle B and looper G, or their equivalents, in the manner and for the purpose herein set
forth.

Third, the use of a guide spring H, in combination, with a looper driven independently
thereof, so that the needle mav be more perfectlv steadied, substantially as herein specified.

Fourth, so arranging the friction spnng Q that it comes in contact with the rim of die
spool Y after the needle has left the cloth, and releases the said spool by the return moT«*
ment or descent of the needle bar, for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,893.— Thomas B. De Forest, Birmingham, Derby county, Conn. — Improvement
in Attaching Hooks and Eyes to Cards, — Patent issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated July
3, 1862. — The hooks are attached along the edge of a card, and the eyes of the hooks pressed
into recesses, which prevent them from pulling out

Claim. — ^The method of attaching the hooks to the card or paper, substantially as herein-
before described ; that is, by passing the beak and shank astride the card, and pressing the
eyes of the hook into recesses, or over ledges, substantially as set forth.

No. 39,894.— Samuel L. Denney, of Christiana, Lancaster county, Pa.— /mpropemeiif
in Snow Ploughs for Railroads. — ^Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated July IS,
1862.— This plough is mounted upon a truck, and has a share or divider in front with an
oblique edge to divide the snow as it ascends, crowding it ^wards the sides, and fturtber
packing it by the vertical rollers on the rectangular or box portion of the plough.

C/otm.—* First, the combination, use, and employment of the vertical eyknders c c, in
combination with the divider £, for the purposes and in the manner substantially heiebi
set forth.



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COtonSSIONEB OP PATENTS, 657

Second, canstrnctingf the divider E of an eqn^ width, corresponding to tliat of the cylin-
ders e c at its rear end, extending^ it forward near to the front end of the incline pUne B, in
straight lines at its base, slightly cnnring upward, thereby presenting a sharp obliaae edge
to divide the snow as it ascends the incline plane B, substantially in the'raaniiBr ond for the
purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,895.— BntON Densmore, of Rochester, N. Y.— Improvement in Steam Boiiers. —
Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated July 15, 1863. — ^This is a vertical boiler, in
which the fireplace is a frustum of a cone, and the heated results pass up to the top of the
box and then down the series of tubes in a cylinder which occupies the back of the fire
box ; thence to a fire jacket or flue which encompasses the boiler except at the fire door.
The outer jacket is mled with a non-conductor to prevent radiation, or may, in connexion
with stops or guides, be used as an air-heating chamber to supply the furnace.

Claim, — ^The tube cylinder A, when attached to the side of the fire box, with the tubes
therein standing either perpendicularly or inclined, the fire passing up over said cylinder,
then down through the tubes, as described.

Also, the arrangement of the fire box and grate in combination with the tube cylinder, at
described.

Also, the outside jacket, in combination with the stops R R and the inside jacket E, for
the purposes set forth and described.

No. 39,896.— Patrick S. Deylan, of Jersey City, N. J.-^Improvement in Submarine
Ca6^s.— Patent issued September 1.5, 1863; antedated October 16, 1862.— A c<¥hting of
insulating and protecting composition is laid over the central wire or wires ; this is covered
by a plaited cord, this again by a coating of composition, and so on till the cable is com-
pleteo. The insulating composition consists of fibrous pulp, eight parts ; caoutchouc, half
a part ; rosin, one part

Claim, — A cable formed in the manner substantially as described, where the composition
hereinbefore described is employed as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,897.— Patrick S. Devlan, of Jersey City, N. J,^Improved Composition for
Packing Projectiles, — Patent issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated October 15, 1862. — ^This
composition is to be used for forming the expansible packing ring which in the act of firing
is pressed into the rifle g^rooves of the piece. It is as follows : Eight pounds paper pulp,
moderately dry; ^'9^ pounds plaster of paris ; half a pound of caoutchouc dissolved in rosm
oil; moulded while soft around the projectile. Analogous materials may be substituted.

Claim, — The within-described ''composition packing," produced substantially as herein*
before set forth.

No. 39,898.— Julius C. Dickey, of Saratoga Springs, N. Y, —Improvement in Quartz
Crushers, — ^Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedatea July 3, 1862. — ^The quarts is fed
into the revolving drum near its centre, and is there mashed by the swinging hammers
against the inside of the circular stamper, which collides with the interior of the drum and
reduces the quarts to a sufficient fineness to be driven by the current of air generated through
die meshes of the sieve occupying the central exit point from tbe drum.

Claim, — ^The combination of one or more of the hammers m m with the stamper I, for the
purposes set forth.

No. 39,899.— Julius C. Dickey, of Saratoga Springs, N. Y.—lmpfovement in Machinery
for Pulverizing and Crushing Quartz. — Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated June
29, 1862. — ^The quartz passes into the drum at a central point, and is beaten violently against
Uie sides and projecting ledges in the drum until it is rendered sufficiently fine to pass the
sieve in the exit pipe.

Claim. — Crushing and pulverizing quartz in the revolving drum B B when the quartz
passes into said drum through the induction end I, and when the said drum is provided with
the screen O, or its equivalent.

No. 39,900.— Thomas H. Dodge, of Washington, D. C—Tmprovement in Screw Wrmukes,
— Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated April 8, 1863.— The operating screw has a
pinion on its end, which is rotated by means of gearing inside the rosette ; the latter is se-
cured to the ferrule by screws which penetrate into and traverse a groove in the periphery of
the ferrule.

C/atm.— First, providing the rear end of the operating screw with a small gear or pinion,
in combination with the use of an internal gear on the rosette, subst a n ti a ll y as and for the
purposes set forth.

Second, confining the rosette to the ferrule, snbstantially as described, faieo mb inaticn with
the use of the flange e, for the purposes stated.

H. Ex. Doc 60—42



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658 ANNUAL EEPORT OP THE

No. 39,901. — George Douglass, of Scranton, Lnserne county, Pa.— imjH'ovemeiitieC'fr
Springs. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — These rectangular spring plates are conbuofid
within a box and separated bj ledges ; they are collapsed bj the pressure of pistons above
and below, which bow them towards each other.

Claim, — An improved railroad car spring, formed of one or more series of strdght elastic
plates, when said elastic plates are compressed from opposite directions, and so coiS&ned in a
rectangular frame as to leave an intermediate vibrating apace between each distmct senee
controlling the extent of their curvature, all substantially in the manner herein set forth.

No. 39,902.— Jephtha Dyson, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvtment in Carding Euginei.^
Patent issued September 15, 1663; antedated February 21, J 863. — The improvement is de-
signed for stripp'mg the main cylinder of a carding engine while running and for leturain^
the strippings to the main cylinder or transferring the same to the doffers or other cylinders;
the stripper being so clothed as to cause it while running at uniform velocity to strip the
main cylinder and transfer the strippings yrithout itself becoming clogged. It is clothed
with card fillet about one and a half mches in width, with card teeth, fewer in number and
more obtuse in their angle than common, bringing the exterior portion of the teeth mora
radial with the axis of the stripper, to enable the centrifugal force to throw off the strippings
more readily. The arrangement of strippers around the main cylinder will be apparent from
the claim and illustration.

Claim. — First, the stripper A, constructed and clothed as described, having card teeth
formed or constructed, and inserted into the fillet in the peculiar manner set forth and de>
scribed.

Second, the stripper A, with clothing prepared and applied in manner and form as de*
scribed, in combination with the cylinder B and with the main cylinder C, and operated be-
low the said main cylinder C at any convenient point between the doffer D and the licker-in
£, substantially as described and tor the purposes set forth.

Third, the stripper A", as described, in combination with the main cylinder C, the cylinder
B'^ and the doffer D, operated below the main cylinder C and doffer D, substantially as de-
scribed and for the purposes set forth.

Fourth, the combination and arrangement of the stripper A", with the features described
in the third claim, and operated above the doffer D and the main cylinder C, substantially as
described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,903.— Lewis Eikenberry, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mprwemewe tii Ootfenortfar
Steam Engines, — Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated September 26, 1862.— The
arms and levers of the governor are so arranged in relation to the spring that, on the ^ado-
ally increasing resistance of the latter, an increasing lever force comes into action to aid the
governor in overcoming it. The other points are explained in the second and third claims.

Claim. — First, arranging the arms or levers constructed as described of a governor in rela-
tion to a spring or springs in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the arrangement in a governor of the nut e, screw shafl B, bevel gear wheels C E
£', sliding rotary shaft F, and pins or ratchets A h', in the manner as and for the purposes
83t forth.

Third, so constructing the shaft B that the nut e is allowed a chance to run out of gear
with the screw thread of said shaft before a crowding and breaking of the parts of the ma-
chine occurs, and so combining a spring, or its equivalent, with the nut and shaft, and the
nut shall be kept in gearing position with the shaft, substantially as described.

No. 39,904.— Joseph S. Elliott, of Philadelphia, Fs^— Improvement in Gas Meters.^
Patent dated September 15, 1863. — This is an improvement on the inventor's patent of Sep-
tember 17, 1861, in stopping or holding the driven wheels by means of levers, each arranged
to vibrate between the periphery of the driver and the stop teeth of the driven of each pair of
wheels, excepting at the time the former is moving the latter.

Claim. — Producing the stop motions in the registers of gas meters by means of the levers
B, or their equivalents, arranged to operate in combination with the recesses and teeth of
the wheels A, substantially in the manner described and set forth for the purpose specified.

No. 39,905.— William Elmer, of New York, N. Y.~Improf)emeni in the Manufacture of
Illuminating Gas.- Patent dated September 15, 1863; patented in England March 6, 1863.^
One object in this invention is to produce the hydrogen in a separate vessel fi^m that in
which the olefiant spas is formed, ana it is accomplished by the devices recited in the first six
claims. Another object is to free the hvdrogen nrom condensible substances previous to its
introduction into the retort where the .olefiant gas is formed, and the device for that purpose
consists of the combination of the retort for the decomposition of the water with the retort
for the formation of the illuminating ^as through the intervention of the condenser. The
other two points are expressed in the eighth and ninth claims.

Claim. — The combination of the following devices or their equivalents, vis :

First, a retort in which water is decomposed to furnish hydrogen.

Second, a retort in which a fluid hydro-carbon is decomposed oy heat.



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COMMISeiONER OF PATENTS. 659

Third, one or more furnaces for heating the retorts to the rec^oirod temperatare.

Fourth, apparatus for supplying water in regulated quantities to the retort in the manner
in which it is decomposed.

Fifth, apparatus to supply a fluid hydrocarbon in regulated quantities to the retort in
which it is decomposed.

Sixth, a connexion to conduct the hydrogen from the place where it is formed to the hydro-
carbon retort; the combination a? a whole constituting an apparatus for manufacturing illib-
minating gas, and operating substantially as set forth.

Seventh, the combination of the hydrogen retort with the hydro-carbon retort through the
intervention of a condenser, substantially as set forth.

Eighth, the combination of the boiler for venerating steam with the hydrogen retort through
the intervention of a heating apparatus, substantially as set forth.

Ninth, the combination of the hydrogen retort with the hydro-carbon retort through the
intervention of a heating apparatus, substantially as set forth*

No. 39,906. — James Fineoan, of Harerstraw, Rockland county, N. Y. — XmprovnneiU in
Bri^ Presses, — Patent dated September 15, 1S63. — The plunger rod is composed of two
portions; the lower one is embraced by the forks of the upper one; the lower has a pin tra-
versing in slots in the upper, pushing a sliding block before it; the motion of the latter is
limited by an adjustable pin.

Claim, — ^The plunger rod D, composed of two parts a 6, one i>art «, having a pin e passing
tightly through it, >vhich pin passes through an oblong slot d in the other part 6, in combi-
nation with Uie slide £ fitted in the slot e of the part a of the plunger rod, and the ai^ustable
pin/, idi arranged as and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,907.— Joseph £. Fisk, of Salem, Mass.-^Improvement in Dry Gas Meisnt^
Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated February 13, 1863. — ^The valve of this gas
meter, while operating over the ports of its seat, is so controlled that all of its sides maintain
ft parallelism with the sides of the several ports of the seat, and at the same time the working
surface of the valve dftscribes small circles, the radii of which are equal to the radius of the
eccentric or crank which produces the motion in the valve, the radius being about e^|ual to
tue width of the ports, and the effect being that the working surface of we seat is worn
equally.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of a rotary crank or eccentric and guides and stops K
K M M O, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the arrangement of the chambered valve, which is operated with an eccentric
motion and controlled by a cross or its equivalent, as described in said motion, in combination
with the gas ports arranged on opposite sides of the seat and around a central discharge
' passage, in the manner and for the purposes heroin described.

No. 39,903.— Lavinia H. Foy, of Worcester, lli^as.— Improvement in Corse/s.— Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — The rim at tho lower edge of the corset from which the skirt is
suspended, and which projects horizontally from the figure,, is formed by cutting out a straight
or nearly straight piece from the lower edge of the corset-cloth and inserting a semicircmar
piece whoso fulness gives the reouired shape; a brace from the top of the shoulder passes
oack to the rear insertion of the shoulder straps.

Claim. — First, forming the rim C by cutting out a piece from the lower part A' of the
waist A, as seen in fig^^ ^i at a a, and inserting the semicircle piece C, figure 5.

Second, the combination with the waist A and straps £ £ of detachable shoulder braces F.

No. 39,909.— Lavinia n. For, of Worcester, U&aa.—Improvement in Cotm^s.— Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — ^The peculiarly shaped pieces numbered from 1 to 5 are stitdied
together to form the corset.

Claim. — Forming the corset from the peculiar shaped pieces Kos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, sub-
atantially as shown and described.

No. 39,910.— Lavinia H. Foy, of Worcester, Mass.— /m^ovenMiii in Corset Skirt'St^
porters. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The lower edge of the corset has a projecting
rim made by the insertion of gores in the body piece, which has also gores for the requked
breast enlargements.

Claim. — First, forming the rim B of a corset skirt-supporter from the bottom part of the
piece A, in combination with the use and employment oi gore pieces efg^ of different sizes,
substautiallv as shown and described.

Second, the combination with the peculiar formed piece A, of the gore pieces e/^ and c c,
when located as shown and describea and for the purposes stated.



No. 39,911.— Lavinia H. Foy, of Worcester, Mass.— /msrooement in Corset Skirt-Sitp'
porters. — Patent dated September 15, IdiKJ.— The cutting of^ the cloth to form the edge and
^^»^. ♦!»«. !.«««, :« tu^ .^«, ♦!»« !..«:»<- ^r *u« r - ..^* -«j „j:..-*-u:i:*^ before and behind, are

le claim and illustratLo%_

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cover the hoop in the rim, the lacing of the front, and adjustability before and behind, are
specified as the points of novelty, and will be best understood from me claim and illustratioiv^



660 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

Claim. — ^First, cutting^ the binding^ cloth bias, in oombination with the mode of appljing
the same to the extensor or outer edffe of the rim L, whereby all gathering is avoided while
a corded appearance and a case for tne hoop M are prodnced, substantially as set forth.

Second, the combination of laced opening K K, or either of them, with the front part of
the body I, substantially as set forth.

Third, the bod^ I, open in front and ac|juBtable both in front and in back, sabstantiaUy m
shown and descnbed.

Fourth, forming the case for the hoop and corded edges O and P from the same piece of
bias-cut cloth, as shown and described.

No. 39,912.-^OHN Frayel, of St. Louis, Mo.— /m;mnwfiieii( in Artyieud £r<|f9.— Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — ^The improvements are in the ankle and knee joints: the fonner .
consists of a swivel joint, in which the hanging piece is attached by branching arms to the
inside of the leg, and the rolling bearing rod pivoted in the hangii^ piece. Side straps, actiof
as stops, attach the lower leg to the thigh, in addition to the main tendon or support which
has free play between its upper bearing, on a cross-piece in the thigh, and its lower elas^
bearing behind the patella.

Claim, — First, the within described ankle joint, composed of the parts // A ^, all being
constructed and arranged to operate substantially as ana for the puriK>8es set fortL

Second, constructing the knee joint in such manner that the side straps k may be made
to work in mortises in the knee, and to act as stops, and so that the space m may be afforded
for the free action and movement of the tendon o, substantially as herein described for the
purposes set forth.

No. 39,913.-— D. Fuller, of Cherry Valley, Winnebago county, IW.^tmprovetment in
Machines for Printing Addresses on Newspapers, 8fe. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. —
The different addresses are set up in a galley to which an autoniatic motion is given aft»
each stroke of the machine by which a new address is brought into a position to be printed
upon a paper held between it and the projection on the reciprocating platen which C4Hnre-
sponds to the orifice in the spring shield. The paper having been printed is dropped on to
the floor below and swept away oy the reciprocating scoop.

Claim. — The arrangement of the shield £ with springs e, and apertore^tf, in combination
dth the reciprocating pluDger C, with projection </, and wit'



with the reciprocating plunger C, with projection d, and with the galley F, constracted and
operating substantially «s and for the purpose herein shown and described.

Also, toe reciprocating scoop U, in combination with the plunger C, shield E, and gafley
F, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

No. 39,914.— William F. GUjodwin, of Powhatan, Belmont counl^, Obic-^lmprovemeni
in Mounting Field Ordnance, — Patent dated September 14, 1863. — The adjustments consist
of the elevating screw under the bed plate, over which is a laterally a^ustable grooved plat«,
the trunnions being joumalled in sliding bearing.

Claim. — The combination of the laterally adjustable grooved plate D and the tninnion
and spring guides e, with the vertically adjustable plate C, tongue 6, axle A, and screw E,
all constructed and operating as herein shown and described.

No. 39,915. — Albert Hall, of Danville, Des Moines county, Iowa. — Tmprovemeni im
Metallic Cartridges. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^The cartridge case has a rear-
wardly projecting priming tube; the cylindrical portion near the front has a depression into
which a flange on the rear of the ball is pressed.

Claim. — I^ an improved article of manufacture, a metallic cartridge made with a priming
tube in one piece with the shell A, the rear portion of the shell cut and bent as shown, the
front portion grooved at 6, and provided witn a bullet B grooved and attached to Ihe sb^*
all in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 39,916.^JOHN Frederick Heissekbuttel, of Brooklyn, N. Y.-^Improv^d RoUk^
Pin. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The roller has flanges on its ends which come in
contact with the pastry board and determine the thickness of the paste.

C^itm.— An an improved article of manufacture, a rolling pin, made with flanges h, in the
manner and .for the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 39,917.— John Hewitt, of Carmichael, Greene county, Penn. — Improved WoBkimg



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 115 of 164)