Copyright
United States. Patent Office.

Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. online

. (page 116 of 164)
Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 116 of 164)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


and Wringing Machine. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — An elliptic spring on each m&
board of the machine is attached at one end to the latter, and at the other to a prolongatioB
of the upper journal box; a hand bar lying upon said springs is pivoted by arms to the sides
of the machine, and by it the pressure on the roller is a^usted. The clothes may be ran
throug^h and through the machine, or received on a sliding board as required.

Claim. — First, the combination of the hand bar/ with the springs £, slides d, and roller B,
' substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the removable Inclined bed piece G, in combination with the containing veseel A
and rollers B B^ substantially as and lor the purposes set forth.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 661

Ko. 39,918.— O. B. Hill, of New York, N. Y.-^ImpravemetU in tfte means of using Hydro-
esrbon OUs ms Fi«5i.— Piitent dated September 15, 1863. — ^The steam and hydro-carbon are
conducted to a mixinr chamber in which thej are mingled, and from which they pass to
radiating pipes and wroagh orifices, where they are ignited under the boiler. In starting,
steam is obtained firom a supplementary boiler, afterwaras from the main boiler, being super-
heated in the pipe as it passes to the mixer, and the hydro-carbon is vaporized in its passage
to the same chamber.

CUUm. — ^First, the employment or use of a mixture of hydro-carbon liquid with stieam as
fuel in furnaces, &.c, substantially as herein specified.

Second, the mixer « and pipes b b', in combination with the vessel a' and radiating pipes
B, constructed and <^rating in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

No. 39,919.— Ebbn Norton HoRSPoftD, of Cambridge, Mass.— /m;?rooM2 Fire-proof
Stfts, — ^Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The safe is made of two separate casings, an
inner and an outer, and the intervening space filled with incombustible material, which is
80 arranged that under ordinary circumstances the moisture from the filling cannot reach the
interior, and under the heat of a burning building the steam from the filling will pass to the
exterior through h^es, which, until the temperature is sufficiently raised, were filled with alloy.

Claim, — ^First, a fire-proof safe consisting of two air and water tight metallic casings or
shells A B, arranged one within the other,^ when constructed and combined substantially in
the manner descnbed, for the purposes set forth.

Second, a fire-proof safe having apertures in its outer shell or casing for the escape of
steam, when saia apertures are closed with fusible alloy or cement which melts at a tempe-
rature of 212 Fah., or thereabouts, substantially m the manner and for the purposes specified.

No. 39,920. — ^Ebbn N. Horsford, of Cambridge, Mass. — Improvement in Fire-proof Safu
#r Chests.— Patent dated September 15, 1863. — Explained by the claim.

Claim. — First, forming cavities in the filling of the fire-proof safe, substantially in the
manner described, for the purposes of providmg for the expansion of the water to prevent the
bursting ot the safe by freezing, as set forth.

Second, covering those portions of the safe exposed to contact with the filling with a
mixture of gutta-percha ana paraffine varnish compounded in the proportions, or thereabouts,
and substantially in the manner described.

No. 39,921. — Eben N. Horsford, Cambridge, Hvm,— Improved Composition for Filling
Fire-proof St^es. — ^Patent dated September 15, 1863.— Compounded as foUows: To seventy
pounds of cold water add, with constant stirring, two poundls of starch and boil; when cold,
add fifty pounds plaster of Paris.

Claim. — As a new composition of matter for filling safes to render them fire-proof, calcined
and powdered gypsum, nuxed with gelatinized water, substantially in the manner and pro-
portions described.

No. 39,922. — ^Ebem N. Horsford, of Cambridge, "iiLMB.^ Improvement in the Manufacture
and Use of Neutral Sulphite of Ltme.— Patent dated September 15, 1863.— The sulphite of
lime is dried in on atmosphere of carbonic acid gas, and the resulting salt used to arrest
iarmentation.

Claim. — First, depriving sulphite of lime of its incidental and constitutional water by heat.

Second, depriving sulphite ot lime of its incidental and constitutional water, in a space from
which oxygen gas is nearly or quite excluded.

Third, the use of dry, neutral, sulphite of lime, to arrest the fermentation of saccharine juices.

No. 39,923.— Wm. H. Horstmann and Henry J. Bbhrens, of New York, N. Y.—
Improvement in Machine for Making Cartridges, — Patent issued September 15, 1863; ante-
dated March 24, 1862. — In this machine the cartridge cases are formed of paper, or other
suitable material, by automatic movements, the ball inserted, and the cord fastened around
it. A detail of the movements would be beyond the limits of this report.

Claim, — First, the combination of a mandrel A, roller B. or its equivalent, and g^des C,
for feeding, in giving directions to and forming the paper cose, substantially as and for the
purposes set forth.

Second, in combination with the mandrel as above specified, attaching and winding the
cord around the paper cose as described.

Third, also the finger 03, for inserting the end of the cord to the mandrel.

Fourth, also, in combination with the cartridge machine, the knife I, substantially as and
for the purposes set forUi.

Fiflh, also drawing out the oord into a loop as it is severed, so as to have a projecting end
to insert for the next operotioii, as described.

Sixth, also the employment of an apparatus to produce a slack and tension of the cord of
a machine for making cartridge cases, substanUally as herein set forth.

Seventh, also a cora cocrier or guide b^ which the cord is kept in position to wind prop-
erly upon the paper tube or cose, as specified.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



662 ANNUAL HEPOET OP THE

E^hth, the apparatus by wMch the balls are conrejed to and inserted in the paper am.

Ninthi also discharging the paper case from the mandrel, snbstantiallj as herein set for^

Tenth, also the vibrating trough K, for conveying the completed case away fix)m the machine.

Eleventh, also the vibrating pressing apparatus B, for holding the paper and cord to tbe
mandrel while bcin^ conveyea to the macnine.

Twelfth, roughenmg the surface of the mandrel for the purpose of feeding the paper into
the machine.

No. 39,924.— Bennet Hotchkiss, of New Haven, Conn. — Improved Atmtsphme Trif
Hmmmer. — Patent issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated July 2, 1863. — In this machine llu:
hammer is raised by the elevation of the pneumatic spring-box, in which thebodyof airimder
the piston forms an elastic spring. In the numljer and disposition of the air passages this is
an improvement on the inventor^ patent of June 14, 1859, and is sufficiently described in
the claim. The piston-rod is enlarged at its junction with the hammer to guard against
fracture, and an elastic washer plac^ beneath the bolt heads and against the frames to a?oid
fracture from the concussion of the hammer.

C^aim.— First, the elastic washer i and bolts N, in combination with the supporting frame
A and working frame B, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein set forth.

Second, two air passages a and 6, in combination with a pneumatic or air-spring cylinder,
when said passages are arranged substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

Third, the valves F G, arranged as described, in combination with a pneumatic or air-
spring cvlinder, operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein specified.

Fourth, the combination described of the valves F G with the air-passage H, for the pur-
pose of changing the air from the upper to the lower air-spiing, or vice versa^ to lessen or in-
crease the force of the blow of the hammer without changing the velocity of the cylinder,
substantially as set forth.

Fifth, the enlargement of the piston-rod in the manner described, in combination with the
stuffing-box plates, or their equivalents, substantially for the purpose specified.

No. 39,925.— James L. Howard, of Hartford, Conn. — Improvement im Railroad Car
Ventilator t.^FsLtent dated September 15, 1863. — The elevated central portion of the car root
is extended to form an air-receiving chamber, from whence the air is carried down, brought
into contact with water, and raised again free from dust, to enter the car.

Claim, — The air-chambers A, prodnced by the extension of the raised or elevated roof of
railway passenger cars, as shown in the drawings, in combination with the automatic doon
F and air-passages B C and D and registers £, when constructed and operating substan-
tially as described.

No. 39,926.-0. A. Howe, of Fort Plain, Montgomery county, N. Y. — Improved Hone-
shoe, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^The lower or face side of the shoe is provided with
a groove having pendant projections within it, to hold a filling of India-rubber, and prevent
the accumulation of snow in the shoe.

Claim. — ^A horseshoe having India-rubber applied and secured to it in the manner sub-
stantially as herein set forth.

No. 39,927.— Edward P. Howl and, of Worcester, Mass.—hnprovement in Car Con-
fling, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^The device consists of a combined weight and pin
in connexion with a sliding pin support and two springs, so arranged that the link is enabled
to secure itself in the draw-head when forced therein, and retain^ in a horizontal position
when in one draw-head only, to avoid being bent in case of thea^'oining draw*heads of two
cars coming in contact.

Ckim.— ^he construction of the drop bar B with a flattened portion and a pin c upon its lower
extremity, as herein shown and described, so that said pin e will pass through and lock the
connecting link, while the flattened portion will press upon, and by its wei^t maintain the
link in a horizontal position, all as set forth.

Also, the employment, in each draw-head, of two separate springs G I, of UDeoual tendon,
operating in the manner substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and aescribed.

No. 39,928.— Maurice (X Hull, of New York, N. Y.~Imvrovement in Fireplace
Grates. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^The fire-pot is enlarged by being extendedback
of the grate front, the heated -air rises to a chamber traversed by pipes, in which latter the
air has previously passed against the back of the fireplace. Additional heating surface is
^ined underneath the inclined ash plate by a chamber which communicates with the air*
jacket encircling the grate.

Claim. — First, the end pieces e c of the fire-pot, expending back behind the grate-firame, as
set forth, for increasing the size of such grate or fire-pot, as set forth.

Second, the pipes A, extending from the end pieces e to the chamber f, for the purposes
and as specified.

Third, the air-pipe or pipes s t and », passing through the chamber g, when said pipes are
so located as to cause the air that passes through them to ascend contiguous to the heated
back of the gprate, as set forth.

Fourth, tl^ chambers d't at the base of the end plates e, for the purposes and as specified.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



OOMMI88IONEB OF PATENTS. 663

No. 39,9-29.-0 W. Hunt, of Muscatine, lovr A.^ImpTOvement in P/oti^A«.— Patent dated
September 15, 1863. — ^This is on improvement on the inventor^s former patent, dated March



the machine is on inclined ground, which is accomplished by means of a lever, segment pin-
ion, and ratchet, acting upon a sliding plate which inclines tne standard to which tne plough-
beam is attached. Tt^ driver^s seat is upon the rear end of the beam, and is supported upon
two wheels joumalled in a branching standard.

Claim, — First, inclining the plouni to suit the inclination of the land, hj means and in the
manner herein shown anddescribeo.

Second, the friction rollers H I, in combination with the sliding plate J, fixed plate C,
and rod F, for the purpose speci^ed.

Third, the employment or use of the two wheels Y Y, at the rear or back end of the beam
D, when said wheels are used in combination and in relation with the plough E, and driver
seat W, as set forth.

Fourth, the arrangement of the T, branched at its lower end to receive the axle n of the
wheels v p, as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,930. — ^LEMtTEL P. Jenks, of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Compound Sabot for
Hot 5Ao<.— Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated Octobers, 1862.— Pottery ware and
plaster of Paris are interposed between the hot iron and the wooden sabot

Claim. — The interposition between the shot and sabot, or its attachments, of a non-con-
ductor or non-conductors of heat, substantiallj as described.

No. 39,931.— John M. Kelly, of Clinton, li\,— Improvement in Scerf-Pteiiterf.— Patent
issued September 15, 1863; antedated Novembers, 18t>l. — In this device the draught-pole
is rigidly attached to the axle on which are the supporting wheels ; pivoted to this axle is a
frame on which are two series of devices, each consisting of a cutter-wheel, share, and a seed
box, which drops the com into the furrow behind the share ; the frame is lifted so as to gauge
the depth of furrow by a lever attached to the forward part of the frame and pivoted to a
standard attached to the rigid frame.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the pivoted frame L L ,M and N, carrying the sheaves or
ploughs P, seed boxes O, and cutter-wheels Q Q, in combination with the stiff main or draught
beams A A, lever K, and standard J, for the purpose of regulating the depth of furrow, sub-
stantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,932.— James P. Kenyon, of Brooklyn, N. Y,— Improvement in Journal Boxes,—
Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated February 2, 1863. — ^The ioumal is supported
upon and surrounded by friction rollers whose journals are retained within concentric rings
and kept at their relative distances in their annular track by smaller rollers.

Claim. — The employment of the rings £ E £ £ and D' D^ D D, to confine and support the
rollers C C C C C C, in position as shown, or any other device substantially the same.

No. 39,933.— Oliver Lafreniere, of New York, N. Y,— Improved Bedstead and Table
Combined, — Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated I^emoer 12, 1862. — ^The two pair
of legs are pivoted to corresponding pairs of legs under the table ; by being spread, the table
comes near the floor and the curves of the legs project upwards so as to form points of attach-
ment for a sacking bed-bottom.

Claim, — ^The combination of the disk or plate A, legs D, and sacking bottom or mattress
F, constructed and ammged to form a new and useful article of manufacture, for the purpose
specified.

No. 39,934.— Isaac W. Lamb, of Detroit, "Mich,— Improvement in KniUing Machines.—
Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^This is ex^ilained in the claim.

Claim. — First, the employment in a knitting machine of two straight rows of needles
operating alternately in such a manner that the yam conductor passing down and back will
carry the yam over one row of needles while passing in one direction, and over the other
row while passing in the opposite direction, substantially as herein described, thereby uniting
the work produced by the two rows of needles at each end of the rows, and making tubular
knitting in a straight knitting machine.

Second, the employment, tor giving motion to the two straight alternately operating rows
of needles to produce tubular Knitting, of two cams F G and F' G', a portion of which is
shifted at every stroke of the machine to produce the alternation in the operation of the two
rows of needles, substantially as herein specified.

Third, coDibining the movable portions of the cams with the sliding frame or carriage which
carries them by means of slides U, longitudinally moving parallel bars J J^ oblique slots q g,
and pins p p, the whole operating substantially as herein set forth.

Fourth, combining the longitudinal parallel bars J J' with the sliding frame or carriage
which carries the cams bv means of a screw L, secured to the transverse connexion K of
the said bars, and finished with a head L* and adjustable stop-nuts M M', operating sub-
stantially as and for the purpose herein specified.



Digitized byCjOOQlC



664 ANNUAL BEPOET OF THE



flf^, providing for the permaDent attachment of the parallel bars J J' to the sliding fnme
or carriage, either in position to fix both needle cams in an operative position, to <^>erate both
rows of needles for tne production of ribbed work, or in a position to secure one cam in an
operative condition and the other in an inoperative condition, for the knitting on but one
row of needles, as in knitting the heels of stockings.

Sixth, in combination wiUi the needle plates liaving their several needle grooves open
from the inner to the outer edges of the needle plates, the rods s s inserted through groorct
V e in the i^edle plates, intersecting the needle grooves, substantially as set forth, for the
purpose of preventing the needles from slipping out.

Seventh, the yielding jacks 1 1 applied in combination with the needle plates and needk^,
substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,935.— Thomas S. Lambert, of Peekskille,N. Y.—Impravemeut in Ste^.— Patent
issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated October 11, 1862. — ^Two buttons attached by an elastic
cord.

Claim, — ^A stud constructed by fastening together or nearly together two buttons or simi
lar devices by a thread, cord, braid, or other elastic material, substantially as set forth.

No. 39,936.— BOBERT H. Leckt, of McClure, Alleghany county. Pa.— imjnweif Promd-
ling and Steering Apparatus, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^The shaft of the propeller
of this apparatus is capable of a horizontal rotary motion under the impulse of the tiller
ropes, ana thus the vessel is g^ded and driven.

Claim, — The combination and aiTangement of the propeller b, shafts e and d, packing
box i, wheels f h and j« head block fi, tiller roi>os m and o, and tiller wheel P, the whcde
being combineaand eunrenged substantially as herein described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,937.— Joseph Leeds, of Philadelphia, PsL.—Improvement in VentUaUrrs for BmUd-
ings, — ^Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated December 14, 1863. — It consists in so
constructing the vibratory valve plate and attaching it to its frame or case as that the gravi-
tation of the former will ffive it a constant tendency to fall inwards towards the flue, whilst
the single cord, suspen&d therefrom and extending down into the room, has a weight at-
tached as a counterpoise to the gravitating tendency of the valve plate.

Claim, — Operating the valve plate B of the ventilator, by means of its gravitating ten-
dency, in combination with the one cord C and a weight £ attached to the &wer end of the
said cord, substantially in the manner described.

No. 39,938.— James Lyon, of Mott Haven, Westchester countv, N. Y. ^improvement in
Skates, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — This is a method of attachment of the runner
to the sole of the shoe by means of dovetail mortise blocks attached to the latter, in whidi
are slipped corresponding tenons firmly attached to the runner.

C/atm.— The dovetail recesses in the blocks d and e, open from end to* end, in combination
with the tapering dovetail blocks b and e on the skate a, as and for the purposes specified.

No. 39,939.— George H. Maoersuppe, of New York, N. Y.—hnprovement in Co4d
Stoves, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — This consists of a plate set in the bottom of tbe
stove and movable by means of a handle, so as to clear the ashes from between the grate
bars by means of pins which are attached to the plate, and also to dose or regulate th«
draught.

Claim. — ^In a stove for burning dust and refuse coal, the movable bottom n, with its pirn
0, grate e, handle E, in combination with the inner cylinder B, when oonstructed and
operating substantially as described.

No. 39,940.— Wiluam McOord, of Sing Sing, N. Y,'-!mpror)ement in Pn^eetiie far
Many-chambered Gun, — Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated November 1, 1862. —
The projectile consists of a head with a chisel-shaped face, and with bolts in the rear which
project mto the different bores of the many-chambered gun.

Claim, — ^The before described projectile formed of a steel or other hard metal chisel-shaped
front, as described, with pistons B attached to the rear of the same, for insertion into the
corresponding bores of the many-chambered gun, as huein set forth.

No. 39,941.— Wiluam McEibbin, of Buck Valley, Fulton county. Pa.— /mfroremenl t«
Sight for Ftre-arffw.— Patent dated September 15, 1863.— The sight consists of two plates
of different lengths set |kt right angles to each other and pivoted at their angle, a sight notch
being cut in the edge of each.

Ciatm.— The ri^t-angle sight herein described.

No. 39,948.— John McMurtry, of Lexington, Fayette county. Kj.^hnprovement in
Rifled Prwecti/e.— Patent issued September 16, 1863 ; antedated October 16, 1862.-^The
object of the improvement is to make the rifling in the projectile so as to obtain die rotation



Digitized byCjOOQlC



COMMI88IONEB OF PATENTS. 665

of the projectile from the smooth-bore gun. The channels are made in the ball, commencing
near the point and running straight one-third of the distance back» and firom that point as-
suming an increase twist The base of the projectile is concave.

Cluim. — ^The making, on the sides of an elongated projectile, two or more grooves or chan-
nels, with an increasing spiral twist toward the rear end of the projectile, substantially as
described and for the purjK>set) set forth.

Also, the above-named improvements in projectiles in combination with the **Mini6** fea-
ture, substantiallj as described and for the purposes set forth.

Also, the above-mentioned improvements in projectiles, in combination with the omission
of that portion of the channels B B from the front of the proiectile to that part of the same where
the twist of the channel commences, substantiallj as descnbed and for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,943.— Solomon Mead, of New Haven, Coun.~'lmpr0vement in P/on^As.— Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — ^The mould-board is of a shape corresponding to a segment of a
cone.

Claim, — The construction of the mould-board or turning surface of ploughs to correspond
with a section or segment of a cone, substantiallj as before describea and for the purposes
set forth.

No. 39,944. - HBNRr D. Hears, of Washington, D. C.-^hnproved Incorrodible Mark et
Label for BaU$ of Cotten, Arc— Patent dated September 15, 1863.— The label is attached bj
an incorrodible metal connecting the hook or needle, which is buried in the bale, with the
tag, label, or seal.

Claim, — The combination with a label or tag or identifjing mark for bales of cotton, wool,
hemp, flax, hay, or other fibrous material, of an attachment qf metal rendered incorrodible,
or of metal or material of itself incorrodible, in the manner and for the form herein set forth.

Also, the combination of the hook or needle, the metallic cord or cable, the tag and seal,
the whole constructed and operating substantially as herein set forth.

No. 39,945.— Charles Monson, of New Haven, Conn. — Improvement in Brackets for
Lamp or Gas-lights,— Faient issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated July 4, 1862.— This is
an improvement on J. R. Hunter's patent of October 30, 1855, in that it gives the outer
ends of the long sides of the parallelogram a curve or right-angled bend so as to admit oi
the use of insertion conduit joints, the elevation of the bracket being sustained by a brace
and ratchet.

Claim, — ^The use of the parallel tubes, as A and B, in combination with Z-shaped tubes,
as C, Fig. 2, or tubes of any analogous form, so as to use insertion conduit joints, when the
whole is constructed, arranged, and fitted for use, substantially as herein described.

Second, the use of the rack a and ratchet or cUck b for sustaining the light at the desiiod
elevation, in combination with the parallelogram, substantially as set forth.

No. 39,946.— William Moore, of Brooklvn, N. Y.— Apparatus for Bmbbing 7>|w.—
Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated October 18, 186^. — This is designed for remov-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 116 of 164)