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ing the projection or sprue attached to the cast type. The cutting plates, oetween whose
edg^s the type are forced, are dressed so that one edge is thicker than tne other, so as to make
an interval or " mouth '* between them, when they are ranged side by side and confined by
screws within the stock. Two of these stocks are arranged relatively to the bed, with a
space between them to be traversed by the type impelled by suitable machinery.

Claim. — ^The employment of catting plates formed with wedge-shaped mouths, substan-
tial ly as specified and for the purposes set forth.

Also, the employment of plates with openings between them to press the type to the cut-
ters and avoid heating, as set forth.

No. 39,947.- Nelson W. Northrup, of Greone, Chenango county, N. Y.^Improvemem
in Submarine BoUery.— Patent issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated August 14, 1862.—
This consists of a series of raagasine buoys, mo<»ed by means of anchors so as to be beneath
the surface of the water, and so arranged and constructed as to be exploded by the contact
of any ship or boat with any part of the rigging of the buoy.

Claim, — The combination of the buoys, majg^aiines, levers, spring hammers, nipple tubes,
cords or wires, and cables with the anchor weights, niade, ammged, and operatea as heiein*
before described, and for the purpose therein named.

No. 39,948. — ^M. Pake, of Dorchester, Macommi county, HI. — hnorovememt in Apparatus
for Evaj^orating.-'F&ieni dated September 15, 1863.— Tms is a double or reverting furnace
<M>mmumcating by an arch at the back, so as to make it approximate a horseshoe form ;
pans are set over each furnace, the upper communicating with the other by a faucet.

Ci«im.— The wWUn^deseribed anaogement of the pans (C and CO in combination with
the furnace A A' A" r s, all being constructed ana arranged substantially as and for the pu]>
posM set foith.



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666 ANNUAL BEPOET OP THE

No. 39,949.— F. C. Payne, of New York, N. Y.-^Improved Setf-htlAing Chmp for C«r-
tain Fixturtg.^Ftktmi iflsned September 15, 1863; antedated January 18, 18(53.— The
conical pulley is arranged within a case which has an open side in front, and the cord runs
freely on the smaller part of the pulley, but, when snifted to the lai^ger part, is clamped
against the inner surface of the case and the pulley prevented from rotating.

Claim. — ^The shell or case A, having an open front and an interior surface a, composed of
a groove b and raised sur£Eioe c and aUo provided with a recess e at one side, in combiBa*
tion with the conical pulley B, placed in the shell or case, and arrai^ed relatively in respect
to its diameter or larger and sniallcr ends, with the groove b and raised surface c, to openite
as and for the purpose herein se: forth.

No. 39,950.— T. Morris Perot, of Philadelphia, Vek.—lmprovement in Packing Battles,
ifCffor Transportation. — Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated June 16, 1863—
Projections or belts are so arranged on the bottles or packages as to bear snugly against each
other, and keep the main bodies of the packages from contact

Claim. — ^The system of cases or packages U C, having belts or projections so arranged
that while the said packages fit snugly together within a box or drawer A, the main bodj
of one package shall be free from contact with that of the ac|jacent package, as set forth for
the purpose specified.

No. 39,951.— T. Morris Perot, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mprorerf Wagon for Transforthg
Medicines. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The body of the wagon is occupied dv four
chests, and on intervening space for the dispensing officer to occupy. Another chest if
placed over the lower tier, a ^p in which is let down for a dispensing table. The cases are
provided with convenient drawers and compartments.

Claim. — The arrangement within the body of the wagon, substantially as described, of
the cases D £ F G and U, the intervening space I, and doorway J, for the purpose specifisd.

No. 39,952.— T. M. Perot, of Philadelphia, Vh.— Improved Medicine Case.—Vf\\mi
dated September 15, 1863. — The chest has a cavity in the centre which is closed by a lid;
it has also a lower drawer and falling front resting as a table upon the drawer. The fallen
front exposes a series of partitions with which also two side drawers are provided. Each
partition has a spring to raise the bottle against the top of the recess where its stopper lodges
in a cavity and a ledge in front which holds the bottom of the bottle from slipping oat

Claim. — Yirstj the within-described case, with its partitioned front C, partitioned drawers
D, lid G, chamber A, and drawer or drawers £, the whole being constructed and arrauged
substantiallv as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the within-described recess for the bottles, each recess havinff at the bottom a
spring d for elevating the bottle, a notch or cavity at the top for the reception of the stopper,
and a guard i in front, and the whole being arranged substantiidly as and for the purpo^
herein set forth.

No. 39,953.— William J. Potter and William H. Arnold, of Chicago, Dl.— Orawtsf
Too/.- Patent dated September 15, 1863.- This is a roller on an axis in a handle with spring
arms so as to be readily detached. Its periphery has a pattern to be transferred by the act
of revolving the roller in connexion with the object to be ornamented; a break or gap intlie
roller affords means for the fair commencement of the ornamentation at a given line, and the
rollers are ornamented in sets so as make a general combination of their united patterns.

Claim. — First, constructing a roller for graining and other ornamental painting with two
jaws L and R, substantially as and for the purposes herein shown and described.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the circular plate C, the rods if, provided
with the pin i, the spi'ing s, and the slots a and c, constructed and operating substantially
as and for the purposes herein shown and specified.

Third, arranging said rollers in sets, and the ornamental desigp thereon, in such a manner
that one complete and perfect design may be grained or imitated by the employment of said
rollers in set, in the manner herein specified and described.

No. 39,954.— George M. Powell, of Eiver Falls, Pierce county, Wis., Charles D.
Lincoln, of Biddeford, York county. Me., and G. Evans, of Bichburg, Alleghany county,
N. Y.— Improved Camp and Hosj^ilal Cot. — ^Patent issued September 15, lb63; antedated
April 11, 1663. — This consists ot a webbing which is supported by three ^airs of crossed
and pivoted legs, which are locked in their open position, their upper ends projecting through
grommet holes in the webbing which is stayed by ropes attachoa to tent pins.

Claim. — First, the combination of the webbing A B, rollers C, stavs £, and legs H Ji
constructed and employed substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the grommot F, formed upon the ends of tho stays £, jpassed through the roUen
C, all as hereim>efore explained.

Third, the locking device N, employed in connexion with the hinged legs HI or Jt in
manner substantially as and for the purposes set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 667

No. 39,955.— IV^ILUAM B. Robinson, of Detroit, Wch.—Imfffovewunt in Slide Valves for
Steam-Engines, — Patent dated September 15; 1863. — ^The packing consists of concentric
rings in segmental sections arranged in an annular cavity in the back of the valve. The
steam presses them against the steam chest and against the inner face of the cavity.

Claim, — The packing/ g, composed of two or more divided or segmental rings, or their
equivalents, fitted one witmn the other and arranged and fitted within a cavity e e, in the
back of the valve, to which steam is admitted tnrough openings jj, in such manner as to
compress or contract the packing around the inner face ot the said cavity and at the same
time press it against the cover or l>ack of the steam chest, all substantially as herein specified.

No. 39,956.— TOPPAN P. RODGERS, of Taunton, Bristol county, llass,— Improvement in
Belt Shippers, — ^Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^This consists of a sliding plate and at-
tached box, which moves in guides over the belt hole in the floor ; the belt passes through
the box, and the latter is moved by a lever to shift the position of the belt relatively to the
pulley which revolves beneath.

Claim, — The boxes G, one or more, connected to or cast with sliding plates £, fitted
between suitable guides arranged on plates £, or otherwise, in such a manner as to admit of
the boxes G, as the belt is shifted, working over the bolt openings a, in the floor, substantially
as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 39,957.-nJoHN B. Root, of New York, N. Y.— -Improved Steam Engines.—Tateni
dated September 15, 1863. — ^In this engine two pistons are combined in one cylinder. One
of them is hollow and has a reciprocating rectilinear motion ; the other is inside of the former
and has a motion of similar character, out at ri^ht angles to the motion of the former. To
the latter piston the crank is attached. Steam is admitted to the outer box and the interior
of the outer piston, so as to act first on one and afterwards on the other side of each piston,
and to commence operating on either side of one piston when the other piston is at half stroke,
80 that it acts on both pistons at once to produce a rotary motion. The leakage of steam be-
tween tbb adjacent surlaces of the pistons and cylinder heads is prevented by a packing plate
and wedge frame. The arrangement of eduction and induction valves, consisting of a flat
disk with an annular cavity, and fitted directly to an eccentric with the methods of reversal
of the same, and of lubricating the crank wrist and its bearing, are explained in the claim.

Claim, — First, the two pistons D and £, combined with each other and with the cylinder
A and crank shaft G, to operate substantially as herein specified.

Second, the packing plate Q, applied in combination with the cylinder head C and the two
pistons D £, substantisuly as ana tor the purpose herein set forth.

Third, the wed^e frame R and its double series of wedges p y, applied in combination with
the cylinder head c and packing plate Q, to operate substantially as and for the purpose
herein described.

Fourth, the eccentrically-moving disk or ring- valve I, constructed with an annular cavity
t, and operating substantially as herein described.

Fifth, combining the valve operating eccentric J with the crank shaft G by means of the
arm L and the toothed gearing p q r, or its equivalent, substantially as and lor the purpose
herein set forth.

Sixth, providing for the lubrication of the crank-wrist bearing by means of channels or
passages made in the wrist and wrist plate or arm of the crank, and communicating with the
loumal box or bearing provided for the shaft in one of the cylinder heads, substantially as
herein described.

Seventh, and finally, an engine composed of a cylinder A, two pistons D £, working one
within and at right angles to the other in the said cylinder, a shaft G, furnished with a crank
connecting directly with the inner piston £ and a valve I, and system of ports e e' f f^ for
effecting the induction and eduction of the steam or other liquid to and from the cvlinder and
the interior of the outer piston, the whole operating substantially as herein described.

No. 39,958.— Reuben. ROLPH, of Coventry, N. Y. ^Improvement in Holdbacks for Car-
riages, — Patent issued September 15, 18G3; antedated November 2, 1861. — ^This consists of
a holdback hook with a bridge, on which is an India-rubber tube caused to bulge up against
the point of the hook and reiain the ring, unless it is forcibly drawn forward, as by the norae
in walking forward from between the shafts.

Claim. — ^The combination of the India-rubber tube F, bridge b, and hook A, arranged sub-
stantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,959. — Charles Ross, of Hartland, Livingston countv, Wch.^ Improvement in
Machines for Measuring Grain. — ^Patent dated September 15, 1863.— This consists of an in-
dex operated by the discharging grain-^lide of a weighing machine. The motion is commu-
nicated to a ratchet whe^l on the index shaft by a bent spring arm and an inclined plane.

Claim. — The combination with the frame A, discharge opening C, and grain valve or slide
B, of a grain bin of the arm D, inclined block £, actuatinflr pawl J, and index box F, con-
tainins^ the indicating mechanism, in the manner and for mb purpose herein shown and d&*
ftcribeo.



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668 ANKUAL BEPOBT OF THE

No. 39,960.— T. F. Bumbold, of St. Louis, Uo.—Improvememt in RoUUg JfilZf.— Patent
issued September 15, 1863; antedated June. 2, 1863.— This is desiraed for rolling tapered
iron, and consists in making a spiral groove around the one roller and a corresponding toread
around the other, making a continuous track of decreasing area.

Claim. — ^The forming of the mould or working surface around the rollers in a spiral oi
screw-like form, making one continuous track frqpi one end of the rollers to the othm end of
the same, so as to be tl^ counterpart of the bar or beam that is desired to be rolled, aabstaft-
tiallj as set forth.

No. 39,961.— J. L. BlTNK, of Nashville, Washington county, El. — Improvement in Gang
Ploughs, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The ploughs are attachcKl to abeamwhon
front end rests on an axle supported by wheels, the rear end being supported by a caster
wheel. The front end of the l>eam is mortised into a wedge-shaped piece on the axlo, which
is capable of lateral adjustment, by means of a screw, to throw the plough in and oat of land.

Claim. — ^The employment of the inclined bolster D, in combination with the screw/, plat-
form E, and beams H, all being constructed and arranged to operate substantially as herein
described for the purposes set forth.

No. 39,962.— Gelston Sanford and James E. Mallort, of New York, N. Y.— /m-

?rovement in Machine for Breaking and Cleaning Flax, Hemp, Sfc. — Patent dated September
5, 1863.— The screw which rotates the wheels also acts by its longitudinal reciprocating
motion as a rack to impart a reciprocating rotary to them, and the excess of motion in oae
direction, owing to the continuous rotation due to the revolution of the screw, feeds the had
through the machine.

CZatnt.— Imparting to one or more pairs of rollers for breaking and cleaning flax, or other
fibre-yielding plants, a rotary reciprocating motion, with the range of motion greater in om
direction than in the opposite direction, by combiniftg with the said rollers a screw or worm
having a rotaiy and a longitudinal reciprocating motion, substantially as herein described.

No. 39,963.— Samuel T. Sanford, of Fall Biver, Mtua.'-Improtfed Device for QjKorttr'
iug. Coring, and Stringing Fnwf.— Patent dated September 15, 1863.— This device consisto
of a sliding rod with curved arms and a spur which drive an apple down upon the coring,
quartering, and stringing device, so as to complete those operations at one movement.

Claim.— The coring device G, quartering cutters H, and stringing cutters I, arranged as
shown, in combination with the sbding rod C, provided with the point or spur E uid carred
arms D, the above parts beine connected or applied to a suitable upright or support A, and
all arranged substantially as herein set forth.

No. 39,964.— MiN A Sebille, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Cor«rt».— Patent dated
September 15, 1863. — ^The improvement is in the cutting out of the parts so as to make the
requisite protuberances of the finished article, and consist of gores for the bosom-holders and
quilted sections to produce the requisite fulness and rounded conformation for the hips.

C/a»m.— ^The hip pieces d d, qmlted and introduced in the lower portions of the sides of
tke corset below and between the parts a and b, in the. manner and for the purposes specified.

Also, the quilted bosom gores e e, introduced in the front piece a of the corset, with the
tongue 7 between them, as set forth.

No. 39,965.— Alba F. Smith, of Norwich, Corm,— Improved Condenser for Steam £■•
gtnes. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The improvement relates to the arrangement of
the passages connecting the tanks with the condenser, and conducting the air into the water,
80 as to secure a circulation of the water and bring them toffether, so that the water, heated
by exposure to the steam, shall part with its heat to the air for combustion. The devices aw
definetd in the claim.

Claim. — First, in condensing or partially condensing steam engines, the arrangement of
the condenser and passages 7 and 8, connecting the same with the tanks W W, and the pas-
sage 9, connecting the tanks W W, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, in such engines, the passage of the air for combustion, or for promoting the
draus[ht through the water, or equivalent receptacle for storing the caloric, and thus aiding
the efficiency of the apparatus, substantially in the manner herein set forth.

Third, in such engines, when a quantity of water or other fluid is used as a receptacle for
so storing caloric, bringing the water, after its use, to condense the steam in direct contact
with the air employed to receive the heat, substantially in the manner and for the purpoae
herein set forth.

Fourth, in such engines, so introducing such air that the motion thereof towards the sur-
face of the water, which is due to the difference in density between the air and the water,
shall induce or promote a circulation of such water, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose herein set forth. ■

No. 39,966.— Albert M. Smith, of New York, N. Y. —Improvement in Sewinjfwork
Holders. — Patent issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated November 1, 1882.— Tbis is intended
for holding work and skeins on the lap, and is made in two sections, hinged together in 9(ich



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 669

a manner that it caa be attached to the lap hy closing them together <m the garment, and
withstand ordinary pulling in any direction, the India-rubber band confining the sections
together, and they holding the garment by means of points or hooks.

Claim. — First, the holder, as described, constructed in two sections, so arranged and
hinged top^ther that it can be attached to the lap by closing them together on the garment
covering it, as described.

Second, in combination with the foregoing, the spring A, in connexion with the attach-
ments // and ^ ^ to the sections, substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

No. 39,967.— Daniel E. Somes, of Biddeford, Me.— /mprorerf Cooling Room for Pw-
iercing Provisions.— F&tent issued September 15, 1863; antedated July 20, 1862. - The
chamber (with the exception of the doorway) is surrounded by a series of walls, with inter-
vening spaces communicating by a pipe with the outer air. The chamber itself is supplied
with fresn air, cooled by the application of refrigerating mixtures or ice, by means of a pipe
from the exterior, which discharges the air*below the lattice floor, from whence it reaches
the chamber. The foul air is carried off by a pipe from the upper part of the chamber, which ^
pipe passes through the partitions to the outer air.

Claim.— The combination of the insulated chamber A, vertical tube or tubes E, one or
more vats E', and ventilatinjr pipe F, all constructed,, arranged, and c^;>erating in the manner
and for the purposes herein shown and explained.

No. 39,968.— David Steinert, of Hamburg, Gennhnj.— Improvement in Varnish for
Making Printers' Ink, and for other purposes.— Fatent dated September 15, 1863; patented
in France September 19, 1862. — Explained by the claim.

Claim. — Ilrst, the within-descnbed production of thick varnish, the same consisting of
refined petroleum and resin or resinous gums,, the latter In very larg^ proportion, with or with-
out the addition of soap, the ingredients being agitated together at the temperatures desig-
nated, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the within-described production of thin varnish, the same consisting, first, of re-
fined petroleum and resin or resinous gum, the latter in very large proportions, with or with-
out the addition of soap, and ultimately of a much larger proportion of petroleum, the in-
fl^iedients being agitatcKl at the temperatures designated, while the proportion of petroleum
is small, then cooled and subsequently a^in agitated at the moderate temperature desig*
nated, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, the use of soap in combination with petroleum and resin or resinous gums, as and
for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 39,969.— Salmon Stevens and Joseph P. Smith, of Pittsburg, T&.— Improvement
Ml Grutes.—FAteni issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated November 24, 1862.— The basket
grate is fitted in the fireplace so as to be slipped in and out, to radiate, more or less, into the
room ; a perforated guard-plate at the back end of the grate retains the coal. By means of
the damper the volatile products are allowed to pass behind or before the drum, which com-
municates with air ducts, and by which anrang^ment the draught of the chimney and the
radiation of heat is controlled.

Claim.- First, in combination with the grate B thus arranged, the perforated guard-plate
C* applied to the grate as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the drum or cylinder E, communicating with the air ducts t i j, provided with a
slot or opening / at its upper part, and arranged relatively with the flue or chimney F, grate
B, and damper G, to operate as and for the purpose specified.

No. 39,970.— Joseph Stiles, of Salem, Washtenan county, Mich,— Improvement in
Ladders, — Patent dated September 15, 1863.— Resting upon the upper rounds of the double
ladder is a platform, with cleats underneath it, and a strip by which one of the rounds is
oonfined, so that the platform cannot tilt up.

Claim.— The strip h attached to the cleats / ^ at the upper side of the platform C, and
Ofterating in combination with the rounds 6 e of the ladder and suj^rt, in the manner and
for the purpose shown and described.

No. 39,971.— GrOTTFRiED Teichart, of New Haven, Conn. — Improvement in Carriage
Seat.— F&teui issued September 15, 1863 ; antedated November 26, 1862.— The object is to
make the seat board and seat reversible, so as to be folded out of the way when out of use,
and to admit of the driver sitting inside. The seat folds back and over inside of the car-
riage, while the foot back is fold^ over on to the seat support.

Claim. — ^First, the arrangement of the curved levers F, with slots i and hinged reversible
seat C, with curved arms 6, in combination with the arms g and foot-board £, all constructed
and operating as and for the purpose shown and described.

Socond, the combination of the hinged reversible seat G and foot-board E with the dash-
board B of a carriage, substanti^y as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 39,972.— John R. TrbaOWELL, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improvement in Preparing
jyough for Biscuit f ^c— Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated September 2, 1863.—
The plunger is attached to the bed-plate oi the engine, and the mould is lihed up against the



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670 AimUAL REPORT OF THE

plunger by being attached to the rising* cross-head by links with a toggle-joint connexioii.
A follower in the bottom of the mould discharges the slab of dough.

Claim. — The application of pressure to a mass of loosely-mixed or "cast" dongh by metns
of moulds and a suitable press, substantially as described, whereby the mass is compressed
into a solid slab of dough, having a comparatively smooth surface or skin, of convenient
shape for the succeeding operation of the brake rolls, substantially as set forth.

No. 39,973.— George Vanauken, of Phelps, Ontario county, N. Y,—Impnn>ment t«
Fence Posts. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — ^The fence posts are bolted to stone bases,
which are set in the ground.

Claim, — Supporting a fence by bolting the posts A, to which the horizontal rails or boards
C are attachea, to the vertical faces ana near the upper ends of flat stones 6 set edgewise
in or upon the ground, all aa herein particularly described and for the purposes specified.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 117 of 164)