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No. 39,974. - WlLLlAM W. Virdin, of Baltimore, Md.^Tmprovement in Piimps.— Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — The pump consists of thre^ concentric cylinders, all proTided
with central lower valves, and of whicn the outer and central cylinders are stationary and
connected at the top, and the middle cylinder has a vertical reciprocating motion, derived
from a lever handle and connecting arms. The discharge tube proceeds from the upper end
of the central cylinder.

Claim, — First, the intermediate moving valved chamber B, constructed, arranged, and
operating substantially as described, in combination with the stationary valved chamber £
and the valved receiving outer stationary chamber A, all adapted to the end stated, and sub-
stantially as specified.

Second, the outer stationary valved cylinder A, stationary inner mast, discharging cylin'
dor E, in combination with the intermediate valved cylinder B and connecting arms C C,
the latter passing directly through the central plate G and cap plate D, the whole constracted
and operating substantially as cfescribed.

Third, the manner of securing the three-valved cylinders A and E together at their upper
ends, viz : by means of the flai^^ a f and plate G, substantially as described.

No. 39,975.— W. Wadsworth, of Sacramento, C9X.^Improvement in Rotary Spadki
Machines, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — As the spades rise, after having penormed
their office, the soil is scraped out of them, and they are pressed and caused to puss under
the casing until they are again projected to operate upon the ground.

Claim. — The employment of the cleaner or cam G in combination with the spades d^ snb-
stantii^y in the manner and for the purpose herein shown and described.

No. 39,976.— M. W. Warne, of St Louis, lAo,^Imvroved Soda WaUr Fouiitatii.— Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — ^This fountain is intendea to discharge a solution of supercar-
bonate or soda. The air chamber is arranged in the tank so as to contain a supply unda
pressure for delivery to the draught tube.

Claim. — The arrangement of the air chamber F within the soda tank B, and - in combina-
tion with the suction and force pump and the draught pipe, the whole arranged relatively to tbe
stand C, substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

No. 39,977.— Charles A. Waterbury, of New York, N. Y. ^Improvement in ProjeetiU
for Fire-arms.— Futent issued September 15, 1863; antedated Novenaber 8, 1862. — The shot
has a cylindrical body with a rounded head. A cone starts from the base towards the rear,
having a prolonged spindle. On the latter is an elastic packing, such as leather, which, in
firing, is driven on to the cone and expanded into the nfiing of the gun. The spindle, in
striking the end of the bore, purposely limits the depth to which it descends.

Claim. — The method of giving the revolving motion to the projectile — that is to say, br
forming a conical projection and spindle upon the base of the shot, and combining therewitk
a movcu)le ring or disk of an expansible material, in the manner and for the purpose described
herein.

No. 39,978.— J. W. "Wetmore, of Erie, !?&.— Improved Apparatus for Condensing OH
Vapor. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The invention consists in double upward-flowing
currents of water througn shallow chambers above and below the condensing and cooling
surfaces ; the propulsion of these currents on the principle of the siphon ; the corru^on,
by transverse ridges, of the upper metal plate ; angular cross ridges or plain breaks in the
upper part of the upper water chamber; cross ridges in the vapor chamber, with horizontal
doors to allow the oil to pass while they throw the vapor against the upper condensing sur-
face ; and the application of water and steam jets to this form of condenser.

Claim, — First, the separate upward-flowing currents above and below the vapor chamber.

Second, the propulsion of these currents on the principle of the siphon.

Third, the corrugation of the upper condensing suri'ace.

Fourth, the breaks of wooden angles or doors m the vapor chamber.

Fifth, the sprinkler v. Figure 4, all substantially as set tbrth for the purposes specified.



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COMMISSIONER OF FATBITS. 671

No. 39,979. — Alexander White, of Geneseo, Hennr connty, HI. — Improvement in Gov-
ernor Valves for Steam Engines, — Patent dated September 15, JBOii. — The tubular rod and
central rod are so connected to each other (the goYemor and the crank-arm on the disk yalves)
that by the raising of the rod steam is admitt^ to start the engine and the crank retained
at a point dependent upon the relative speed and consequent position of the governor balls.
The valve consists of two disks, which are packed against their respective faces by three
right and left screws or posts.

Claim, — First, the employment, in combination with a valve having such a system of
openiDes as hereinbefore described, of an extensible connexion, consisting of a link F, or its
equivalent, operating substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, combining the two disks of a double disk valve by means of posts/ j, constructed
with right and left-hand screw threads, and applied to operate substantially as herein described.

No. 39,980.— Thomas Wilson, of Metamora, Woodford county, l\\,— Improvement in
Machines for Measuring Grain, — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — This machine is intended
to be attached to a threshing machine to measure the amount of j^ain threshed. It consists
of a cylinder with two nam-holders, which receive the gi'ain ^om a hopper, and a scale-
beam apparatus for detadbing, revolving, and indexing.

Claim, — I^rst, the cylinder C, provided with two grain receptacles a a, in connexion with .
the hopper £, provided with the slide F, operated through the medium of the roller G and
projections i t, substantially as and for the purpose herem set forth.

Second, the scale-beam H, connected with the hinged plate I, in combination with the
pins jj on the cylinder 0, arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the screw rod D passing through the cylinder shaft B, and provided with the
weu^ts 6 by for the purpose of balancing the cylinder C on the shaft B, as specified.

Ix»urth, the two indexes M Q operating b^ gearinp^ from the shaft B, substantially as
shown, when said indexes and dials are used in combination with the cylinder and scale-
beam H, and all arranged for joint operation, as and for the purpose set forth.

Fifth, the brake formed of the cam n or shaft B, the elastic rod R. rod S, curved or bent,
as shown, and the projections s s on the cylinder C, in combination with the lever or catch T,
all arranged to operate as set forth.

No. 39,981.— W. E. Woodbridge, of Little Falls, Herkimer county, N. Y.— Improvement
in Separating Vegetable Fibres, — Patent issued September ]5, 1863; antedated June HM,
1863. — ^The object of the invention is to separate the fibre for the manufacture of paper and
for similar uses, and consists in the method of treating the mateiial with alkaline solutions,
the removal of the alkali from the fibre, and the subsequent recovery and preparation of the
same for renewed use. *

Claim. — ^First, the apj>lication of the quantity of alkali requisite for separating the fibres
of the material acted on in such condition or stren^h of solution that it may be wholly ab-
sorbed within the pores of that material, and subjecting the material so impregnated to a
desiccative heat, thereby concentrating the absorbed solution and promoting the action de-
signed, the quantity of alkali and the precise temperature to be regulated by the nature and
quality of the materials employed, as set forth in this specification.

Second, the method of impregnating the material by enclosing it in a revolving vessel to
which the solution is gradually suppll^, substantially as described.

Third, the subjection of the material thus impregnated to desiccative heat in the same
vessel in which the impregnation is effected.

Fourth, in connexion with the process described, the recovery of the alkali contained in
the soluble portions of the prepared material, for renewed use, by removing them with as
small a quantity of water as is usefully practicable, and by evaporation and incineration.

No. 39,982. — ^H. M. Wyeth, of Broomfield, Davis county, Iowa. — Improvement in Com
Planters. — Patent dated September 15, 1863. — The two com droppers are supported upon
pivoted bars, and are raised and lowered by the action of cams on a central wheel, by which
also the longitudinal motion of the teed-bar is accomplished. The hand lever throws the
parts out of gear and stops the feed.

Claim. — ^Tne combination of the seed droppers E with the levers F and L and cams H and
I, by which a vertical reciprocating motion is imparted to the seed droppers, while the seed
slide M is operated horizontally, substantially in the manner herein described. v

Also, in combination with the seed droppers, substantially as herein described, the lever N,
for throwing the machine out of gear, substantially in the manner herein set forth.

No. 39,983.— John Toungbero, of Galva, Henry county, Til— Improved Weather-Strip
for jyoors, — Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated December 8, 1861. — This consists
of an elastic membrane stiffened with a plate ; it is fastened at the ends and covers the length
of the opening below the door; it is pushed back by the opening of the door, and covers its
place by its own elasticity.

Claim. — ^The construction of a weather-strip, as described, of India-rubber stiffened by a
plate, in such a manner that it will be opened by the opening of the door, and closed by its
o^vn elasticity when the door is closed.



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679 ANHUIL REPORT OF THB

No. 39,984.— Walter Aitken, of Newark, 111., assid^or to Himself and H. R. Fowler,
of the same place. — Improved Marine Propeilimg Apparatus, — Patent isfliied September 15,
1663; antedated September 12, 1863.— B B represent beams projecting horizontally from
the sid^ of the yeeseU and sQpporting puUers O C and lonyiptudjnal sliding; bars D D, cod-

' aid pouey



nected bj bands passing around the said pouejs. To the bars D are pivoted floats a or a',
in connexion with whicn are need levers of peculiar form to support the floats either from tbs
front or back, so that thej will act affunst tne water in one direction, and yield in the other.
The reciprocation of the bare D is thus made to propel the vessel forward or backward as
directed.

Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of the arms B, the wheels C, the reciprocating
bars D, the band d, and the folding £>ats a a, with the peculiar shaped levers E and the
rods fi, all beyiF constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as and for the purposes
herein described and delineated.

Seomd, the peculiar form and construction of the rod m «, in Figure 3, when used in com-
bination with the bar D and the buckle a\ for the purposes herein specified and set forth.

Third, the combination of the arms B and the wheels C, the reciprocating bars D, the
bands d, and the haniring bucket a', with the peculiarly formed ana constructed rod » t
shown in Figure 3, when all are arranged, constructed, and operating substantially as and
for the purposes herein delineated and set forth.

No. 39,985.— WiLLARD Bascom, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Robert Foolds, of
Brooklyn, N. Y. — Immrovement im Device for Driving NaUs, flrc., in Picture and othr
Frames, — Patent datea September 15, 1863. — ^This machine consists in an arrangement of a
hammer and awl combined, whereby the awl can be actuated to pierce the wood iorming the
picture frame, 'and the hammer brought to operate — the same machinery actuating each, and
not necessitating the moving of the article till all is accomplished.

Claim, — Firs^ the piercing awl or awls, fitted as specified, in combination with the hammer
or hammers that cover the awls and press in the nails, as set forth.

Second, the slidiuff head actuated by a treadle, in combination with the awls and hammers,
actuated as specified, whereby the attendant is at liberty to use his hands in the introduc-
tion of the naiLs and the steadying of the frame, as set forth.

Third, the construction of the holder q to receive the pieces of material forming the frame,
and fitted with the springs 3 to retain said pieces in place, as specified.

Fourth, the ejecting pins e, in combination with the frame r and holder 9, for the purposes
set forth.

No. 39,986.— Amos Bokd, of Philadelphia, Penn., assignor to Himself and Loms B.
Loux, of the same place. — Improved Composition for Blhcking and PoHshing Leather,—
Patent dated Septemoer 15, 1863. — Sufficient asphaltum is dissolved in warm benzine, spirits
of turpentine, or other solvent, to make the composition of the consistence of cream ; beeswax
is added to make it of the required consistence for blacking.

Claim. — ^A composition of asphaltum, or its equivalent, beeswax and bensine, or other
equivalent solvent, prepared substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

No. 39,987.— Hbzekiah Bradford, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Horatio Boobrt,
of the same place. — Improvement in Tobacco Pipes, — Patent issued September 15, 1663;
antedated Ma^ 5, 1863. — The invention consists in certain arrangements, speciiied at length
in the claim, lor suspending the pipe from the lower jaw; for impelling the smoke through
water by which its rankness is modified; a bulb to prevent the water from reaching the
tobacco when the smoke is exhaled; the doubled or return form of the pipe recuning on
itself; and a cap for heating the air by compelling it to pass in contact with the tube before
entering the bowl.

Claim. — First, the spur or projection b to hook behind the teeth in the lower jaw and sus-
pend the pipe, in the manner and for the purposes specified.

Second, tne pipe d formed with the bulb c, and entering said bulb at the bottom, in com-
bination with tne mouth-piece or pipe a, passing away from the upper part of said bulb, in
the manner and for the purposes specified.

Third, the pipe d, returned or bent around firom the bottom of the bulb « to the nurath-pieoe
or tube a, or nearly so, as specified, and for the purposes set forth.

Fourth, the reaction bulb or chamber/ in the pipe dy for the purposes specified.

Fifth, the cylinder pr cap 11 surrounding the bowl e, for the purpose of directing the air
against the heated bowl in its passage into the pipe, for the purposes specified.

No. 39,988.-— James R. Brown, of Boston, Mass., assizor, to Brown A Asbcroft. of
the same pkvce. — Machinery for Catting Screws, — Patent issued September 15, 1863; ante-
dated February 29, 1861. — ^This machine consists in a collar to be placed upon the pipe or
rod to be operated upon, provided interiorly with a die-carrier and dies, and exteriorly with a
lever of rotation. The die-carrier is cylindrical, having dies protruding from ita inner sur-
face, and on its exterior periphery having notches, into which the pi^wl in the shafl of the
lever works ; the pawl being inserted in a tubular recess in the end of the lever, and protruded
bv a spring, and the lever being inserted into a prolongation of the collar, and ret'^ined in
place by a set screw ; a guide upon the collar acts to re^^ilate the position of the cutter.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 673

Claim, — ^A 8crew*cattin^ maebine, harlng its parts constracted and operating to cnt a
screw upon a pipe or cylinder, substantially as set forth.

Also, the comoination and arrangement of the screw g^de D, the tubnlar cnttet carrier B,
provided with dies a a a a^ and ratchet and pawl K F, constructed and made to o;)erate as
set forth.

Also, the peculiar construction of the said ratchet and pawl, and their application to the
cutter carrier B and the lever I, the same being substantiallj in the manner and for the pur-
pose as specified.

No. 39,939. — Charles P. Carpenter, of St Johnsbury, Caledonia county, Vt., assignor
to Himself and Eben L. Clement. — Improvement in Hay Rakes. — Patent issued (Septem-
ber 15, 1863; antedated December 17, 18i>2.— This rake consists of an oblique head armed
with teeth and pivoted to the coupling pole of the carriage, so that as it passes along the
meadow it elevates and throws back me hay into the windrow, and by the action of the
tumbling rake shaft in the rear of the windrow, is made into hay-cocks.

Claim. — ^The arrangement, in combination with the longitudinal beam A, of the shoe D,
roller S, diagonal and adjustable head B, on one or both sides of the beam A and the tumb-
ling rake E, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as set forth.

No. 39,990.— John Cram, of Boston, Mass,, assignor to Himself and John 8. Cram, 'of
same place. — Improved Clothes Washer and Wringer. — Patent dated September 15, 18G3. —
This machine consists of a rectangular tub, and standards rising from the sides, in which
are three joumalled rollers, one above the other, and wrapped with strips of rubber wound
helically. These rollers work by the rotation of the centre one, which has a hand crank
attached, pressure being placed upon them from above. A sliding box cai-rying a bai* of
soap brings the latter by a spring in contact with the middle roller.

Claim, — The combination of the two washing rollers D E, when constructed substantially
in manner and so as to operate as specified.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the squeezing roller C and the two washing
rollers D E, the whole being constructed and arranged with respect to the tub A, and pro-
rided with pressure springs and levers, or mechanical equivalents therefor, substantially in
manner as specified.

Also, the combination of the movable soap or detergent holder H and its spring I with the
two washing rollers D E and the tub A, arranged as explained.

No. 39,991.— Anthony L. Fleury, of Troy, N. Y., assignor to Wm. E. Hagan, of same
place. — Improvement in the Manufacture of Iron, — Patent dS,ted September 15, 1863. — This
is a process for the manufacture of iron from the cinders of puddling and other furnaces, and
is applicable to some kinds of ores. The cinders are ground to powder and mixed with fresh
lime, which is then slaked with water having a chlorine salt in solution; the mass is made
into bricks, dried, and treated in a cupola furnace.

Claim, — The use of the chlorine salts with the lime and cinder, in the manner and for the
purpose substantially as herein shown and described.

No. 39,992.-11. E. Grandy, of Ballardsville, Essex county, Mass., and Sargent O-
Morse, of Medford, Mass., assignors to the Whipple File Manufacturing Company.—
Imjfroved Machinery for Grinding the Edges of File Blanks. — Patent dated September 15,
1HG3. — ^The file blank is caused to traverse against the surface of the grindstone by being fed
between two sets of feed rollers, while a pressure roller, operated by a lever and arm, causes
it to impinge upon the grindstone with sufficient force.

Claim, — ^The feed-rolls G and H and the pressure roll I, operated by the lever K and arm-
Li, or their substantial equivalents, in combmation with the grindstone C, constructed, ar
raogod, and operating substantially as set forth.

No. 39,993.— Stephen Hedges, of Hudson, Columbia county, N. Y., assignor to SeH;
Samuel M. Longley, and Samuel B. Smith.^ Improved Sash Stop and Fastener .—Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — ^The tubular case of the sliding stop is set in the window jamb;
the stop or bolt engages with holes in the side of the sash under the impulse of a spiral spring
being retracted by a projecting arm, which is attached to the bolt and traverses a slot in the
tub©.

Claim.— A window-sash stop or fastener, composed of a tube C, slotted in the side as at C,
and provided with a spring bolt D, a side elbow or arm E, working through said slot, and
tt strip F, all made and operating as herein shown and described.

No. 39,994.— Henry Howson, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Wm. F. Warburton,
of same place.— /mprocerf Match Bar.- Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated
March 12, 18(>3. — ^This match box has an angular projecting front, the upper side of which is
closed by a gravitating door being hinged to the ends of the box by arms.

Claim, — ^1 he stationary receptacle A, its inclined or projecting front a and opening 6, the
vrhole being formed substantially as set forth, in combination with the Ud or cover B, the
latter being hung to the receptacle through the medium of the arms A A at sudi points that
tlie said lid may be self-closing as described, for the purpose specified.
H. £z. Doc. 60—43

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674 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 39,995.— George Hunzinger, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to C. Henry Glcts.
MAN, of New York, N. Y. — Improved Folding and Reclining Chair, — ^Patent issued Septem-
ber ]5, 1863; antedated December 14, 1862. — The back is sustained under the pressure of
the person by the notched bar which engages the upper front comer of the X-shaped support,
whofje intersection is the pivotal point of the support ; the foot and leg boards are capable
of being set up or inclined, and a slide on the former prolongs its length as required; the
raising of the notched bars frees the machine of its rigidity ana allows it to collapse.

Clatm. — First, the arms/, in cobabination with the bars gt attached at the centre of the
folding X legs, as and for the purposes specified.

Second, the notched bar d connected to the lower end of the back c, in combination with
the foot-rest e and pins or screws, (three or four,) as and for the pmposes specified.

Third, the sliding board or fmme 14 in the foot-rest e, when combined witn the folding aad
reclining chair ai'uresaid, in the manner and for the purposes aforesaid.

No. 39,996.— John Lawrence, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Alfred T. Serrell.-
Improvement in Pressure Blocks for Planing Machines. — Patent issued September J 5, 1863;
antedated December 14, 1862. — The block is made sectional so that it may be set to press upon
the varying surfaces of the stuff subjected to i\\p revolving cutters, and just in front of the
cutters, to prevent the raising of splinters. The pressure required is obtained by a set-screw
in the block frame.

Claim, — The sectional pressure block, constructed substantially as specified, to hold the
material against the action of the rotary cutter, for the purposes set forth.

Also, the arrangement of the shaft A, arm 3, nuts 5, and screws o, to givo the required
pressure and control the motion of the pressure block, as set forth.

No. 39,997.— Dustin F. Mellen, assignor to Himself and J. C. Wilder, of Manches-
ter, N. H. — Improvement in Bobbin Winders. — Patent issued September 15, 1863; antedated
September 7, 186:i. — The cogs on the periphery of the wheel drive the bobbin or spool, while
the concentric rows of teeth on the face of the wheel are suited to drive the pimon Z in its
varying adjustments according to the length of the spool and the size of threatd required.

Claim. — The toothed wheel C, the periphery of which is provided with gears to drive the
bobbin or spool, and the side with concentric rows of cogs, in combination with the adjustable
pinion Z, substantially as and for the objects specified.

No. 39,993.— Theodore Schnebely, of Bajr Ridge, Kings county, N. Y., assignor to
Jeremiah Meyer, of same place. — Improvement in Bleaching Textile Fabrics. — Patent issued
September 15, 1863; antedated Januarys, 1863. — 1. The goods are placed in solution of
caustic soda of three decrees Twaddle, and remain half an hour ; are then removed and
washed. 2. Are placed in a solution of chloride of lime of three degrees Twaddle, and
remain fifteen minutes; are then removed and washed. 3. Are placed in a solution of
sulphuric acid of three degrees Twaddle, and remain for fifteen minutes ; are removed and
washed. 4. Are exposed a second time to solution No. 2. 5. Are exposed a second time
to the solution No. 3. All the solutions applied cold, and the process takes from three to
three and a half hours.

Claim. — ^Tho within-described process for bleaching textile fabrics by treating them with
the liquors herein set forth, and applied in the order and substantially in the manner specified.

No. 39,999.— Joseph Steger, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Charles W. Baker,



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 118 of 164)