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of same place. — Improvement in Device for Slopping and Starting Railroad Cars. — ^Patent
dated September 15, 1863. — As the brake is applied, the clutches come together and collapse
the spiral spring, which, as the pressure on the brake is removed and the clutches are disen-
gaged, assists in starting the car.

Claim. — The clutches I M, when used in combination with suitable internal gearing
drums and springs, applied and operating for the purpose and in the manner substantially
as shown and described.

Second, so combining the treadle k with the hand lever J, and clutches I M, that by
depressing the treadle the clutch M is applied and the clutch I released, substantially in
the manner set forth.

No. 40,000. — DwiGHT Tracy and George Hobbs, assignor to Dwtoht Tracy afore-
said, of Worcester, Mass. — Improvement in Sewing Machines. — Patent dated September 15,
1863. — The improvement consists in the method and intermittent measured delivery of the
needle thread and is described with sufficient clearness in the claim; it also consists in
placing the spool case diagonally to the axis of rotation of the hook, and also in the con-
struction of the loop check which serves to hold the spool case in position, to hold the
loop of needle thread below the cloth, and assist in its proper delivery to the needle, and
also to hold the loop so as to enable the hook to leave it ; the feed dog rocks upon a centre po
as to adapt itself to sudden or gi-adual increase or diminution of the thickness of the work.

.Claim, — First, in a sewing machine which forms the stitches by means of a needle and
rotating hook as described, the delivering to the needle at each stitch a measured length of
the needle thread, corresponding to the thickness of material to be sewed and the length of



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. COMMISSIONEE OF PATENTS. 675

the Btitcbes to be made, and the drawing up of sucli measured len^h. of thread, by a uniform
and positive action, to complete the stitch by means of the needle and its actuating mechanism,
and the gi'iper for holding and controlling the needle thread above the cloth, and the rotating
hook and loop check for holding and distending the loop of needle thread below the cloth,
or other device equivalent thereto, so combined and arranged to co-operate substantially in
the manner herein described.

Second, the employment, in combination with the device which controls the needle thread
in delivering the same to the needle and tightening the stitch, of a device for drawing suffi-
cient thread from the bobbin to make the next stitch in advance of its delivery to the needle,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

Third, forming the clamping device or griper for the needle thread by a combination of
the bent lever l7 with the plate K', on the needle arm, or their equivalents, and operated by
the stop % on the connecting rod M', substantially as described.

Fourth, the employment, in combination with the rotating hook, of a spool case placed
diagonally to the axis of motion of the hook and held in position by any appropriate
devices ; to enable a large bobbin to be used, and the coop of needle thread to be passed
aronnd it more readily, substantially as described.

Fifth, the employment, in combination with a needle thread, of the loop shock, so called,
constructed and operating substantially as desAibed.

Sixth, the employment of a detached or movable feed dog, as described.

No. 40,001. — Joseph Wells, of Hoboken, Hudson county, N. J., assignor to Orlando
A. WU.COX. — Machine for Making Paper Bags. — Patent issued September 15, 1863;
antedated March 19, 1863. — This is a machine for making paper forms into bags by being
folded and pasted. The series of motions is too lengthy to be described here.

C/aim.— -^rst, the combination of two sliding tables I and U H, for the purpose sub-
stantially as set forth. •

Second, the bag folder J J, by which the bag itself is folded (permitting the bag to be
drawn from it, although the folder should remain closed on the table I,) separately and in
combination with the table I and the binder C, substantially as set forth.

Third, the binder C, for holding one-half of the paper form on the table I, while the other
half is being folded over it, sei)arately and in combination with the table I and the slides
supporting said table, substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the combination of the roller T with the sliding table H H and the strips X X,
for the purpose as substantiallv set forth. '

Fifth, the combination of tne lap folders W W with the thin-edged wheels V V and the
roller T, substantially as set forth.

Sixth, the combination of the lap folders W W with the table H H, elevated strips X X,
and the roller T, substantially as set forth.

Seventh, the use of the braces P P, for the purpose substantially as set forth.

Eighth, the taking of the paper forms from the feeding table by the bag folder J J, sub-
stantially as set forth.

Kinth, the application of the paste by pressure, as substantially set forth.

No, 40,002. — A. D. WfflTMORE, of Housatonic, Berkshire county, Mass., assignor to E.
W. Vaill, of Worcester, Mass. — Improved Camp Stool or Chair. — Patent dated September
15, 1863. — ^The X-shaped legs are united by the flexible seat and to the back by hin^.

Claim. — The combination of the legs A B, seat C, back D, and hinges E e, when the
parts are all constructed and arranged in the manner and for the purpose represented and
specified.

No. 40,003,— G. W. N. Yost, of Nashville, Teim.— Improvement in Subsoil Ploughs.—
Patent dated Septembet 15, 1863. — The subsoil plough share is attached behind the preced-
ing plough by means of a standard bolted to a U-shaped projecting holder secured to the
plough frame.

Claim. — The U-shaped holder A, constructed and operating substantially as herein set
forth, for the purpose of combining a subsoil plough B with a turrow plough C.

No. 40,004. — Hiram S. Jacobs, of Portland, Multnomah county, Oregon.— Improted
Whed Dressing Machine. — Patent dated Septemoer 15, 1863. — This machine is adapted to
reaming the hubs and dressing the rims of wheels, and consists in devices for chucking on a
concave plate, and for operating and guiding the cutters and reamer, and driving them
ironi a common drum at varying distances from the centre of the wheel which is being
dressed, and for adapting them to work obliquely with the axis of the wheel to dress it to a
bevel.

Claim. — First, the concave plate C, provided with a centring pin B2, and clamp hooks
I> X)', operating substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the combination with a suitable face plate of the cutters HI H2 H3, driven sim-
uliaxieouslv By hands from a common drum E, in the manner and for the puxposes explained.

Third, the reamer M, carried by an advancing and receding stock K, in the described
eombinotion with the yielding centre pin B*^^ for the olgects specified.



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676 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Fourth, in combination with Ihe cutters HI H2 H3, driven bj belts from a common drum
£, as explained, the sUdiog^ table G, anu segmental guides, by means of which the said cm-
ters maj be adjusted in the arc of a circle concentric with the said drum in order to adapt
the machine to operate on wheels of any size.

Fifth, in combination with cutters HI H'l H3, operated in the manner explained, the q<^
of guide ways or bearings adjustable on vertical axes, in order to admit of dresbing the face,
back and tread of the wneel to any required bevels.

No. 40,005. — ^A. J. Ambler, of Chicago, 111. — Improvement in Car BraA:«.— Patent dated
September 22, 1863. — This invention consists in an improved mode of applying the power
to that class of car brakes which are actuated from the locomotive, and it consists in the em-
plovment or use of a friction wheel applied to an adjustable shaft having a screw upon it,
which by actuating said shaft may be thrown in gear with a worm wheel on a shaft having
a loose drum upon it connected with the shaft by means of a spring pressing one end of th*!
drum in contact with a conical hub attached to the worm wheel, all being arranged in such
a manner that the brakes of a train of cars will be under the complete control of the operator
or engineer. '

Claim. — The screw I and a worm wheel J, the latter being placed on a shaft K, working
or rotating in fixed bearings, and the screw placed on a shaft D having a swinging or ad-
justable bearing, the above parts being arranged substantially as shown, and used in combi-
nation with a friction wheel H placed on the shaft D and arranged relatively with a flange
d' of a wheel C of a locomotive, to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Also, in combination with the screw I, worm wheel J, and friction wheel H, arranged as
shown, the spring M and drum L applied to the shaft K, as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,006.— Calvin C. Alexander, of Denver, Colorado.-— /morovem^nf in Pump.—
Patent dated September 22, 1863.— Four cylinders, more or less, ail attached to a reservoir
by means of pipes to check valve seats on top of the reservoir. Valves inside the cylinder
head allow the piston to pass the whole length of the cv Under, and the piston rods being
attached by pitmen to cranks working in rotation at right angles, a continuous stream of
water is obtained without the usual pauses or pulsations.

Claim, — The peculiar arrangement ot the cylinder to a reservoir by means of the pipes
^tened to a cylinder head and to a cheek valve seat, substantially as hereinbefore de-
scribed.

No. 40,007.— Augustine Irel Ambler, of Chicago, IM,— Improvement in Railroad Car
Brakes. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — This is an improvement in that class of brakes
which act simultaneously throughout the train, so that the necessity for a number of brake-
men is dispensed with and the entire train under control of the engineer. The particular
manner of effecting this result will be understood from the claim and engravings.

Claim. — First, tne frictional clutch G placed on the axle of the tender or engine and actn-
ated through the medium of the levers A F and rod E, in connexion with the chain I, lever
K, and bar N, the latter being provided with the shoe k, and all arranged, as shown, to op-
erate as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the shaft O with pulley Q, in connexion with the pulley T on the axle U, the
pendant arm m with rod P attached and connected with the chain E' through the medium of
the pulleys p g^ arranged as shown, or in any equivalent way, tQ operate as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Third, the connecting of the drum R on the shaft O with the pulley Q on said shaft bj
means of a spring S arranged with nuts 5, substantially as shown, tor the purpose of limiting
the tension of the chain u and the power of the brakes, as set forth.

Fourth, the combination and armngement ' of the clutch G, chain I, lever K, chain E',
shaft O, with pulley Q attached, the pulley T on the axle U, drum R, on shaft O, connected
therewith by a clutch and spring, the chain u attached to drum R and applied to the brakes,
all in the manner substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,008.— C. L. Adancourt, of Troy, N. Y.—Rdtary Pump.— V&tent dated Septem-
ber 22, 1863. — ^This invention consists, first, in the use of packing pieces of a peculiar form
fitted in sockets in the edges of the abutment and of the sliding pistons so as to have a lim
ited vibration therein and form tight joints by the pressure of the water. The sliding pistona
are operated by cam grooves in customary manner. Second, in the use of grooved side
flanges attached to the piston for the purpose of packing the ends .of the latter with bat
little friction, and increasing the capacity of the water chamber. The* improvements arc also
applicable to rotary steam engines.

Claim. — The arrangement of the packiog pieces C and H, with rounded stems to fit into
sockets b or j, substantially in the urinnor and for the purpose herein described.

Also, the combination of the grooved flanges d, with the sliders F and piston D, substan-
tially as and for the purpose described.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 677

No. 40,009. — Alvaro Buthick, of Ohelseaf Orange county, Vt. — Improved Feathftting
Paddle Wheel,— P&teni dated September 22, 1863.— In this wheel the floats arc, each of them,
attached to a shaft which rotates on an axis at right angles to that of the*whoel, for the pur-
pose of exposing a flat side to the water daring a part of the revolution, and an edge to the
resistance during the rest of the revolution ; and this is accomplished, whichever way the
wheel is driven, by stationary guides which come in contact with cams on the shaft of the
floats and turn them so as to present the desired surface.

Claim. — The arrangement of the spiral-faced movable self-adjusting hub B, spindles P,
and floats E. with the spiral clutches H H', cams G, and guides J T, all operating in the
manner herein shown and described. *

No. 40,010.— Joel Bryant, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement in Shears and Scissors. —
Patent issued September 22, 1863; antedated July 29, 1863. — ^The invention consists in
makiDc: the shears, &c., with blades of a curved form, with the rivet or pivot of attachment
in the line of the curve.

Claim. — The construction and exclusive use of shears and scissors S, figures 1 and 2, when
made with curved blades A and B, and with their rivets R, set on a line with the curve of
the said blades A and B, substantially as hertin described and for the purposes as herein set
forth.

No. 40,011.— Joel Bryant, of Brookljm, N. Y.— Improvement in Construction of F Iff-
Wheels. — Patent issued September 22, 1863 ; antedated June 9, 1862. — The invention con-
sists in adapting fly-wheels to the compass and use of a portable machine by making it ro-
tate on a v.Ttical spindle and underneath the base or platform of the machine on suitable
bearings and rollers.

Claim. — The within-described mode of using fly-wheels W in connexion with portable or
other machines M, figures 1, 2, 4, and 6, when the said fly-wheels W are set to run within
or beneath the base B of said machines M on anti-friction roller bearings G, or their equiva-
lent, substantially as herein described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,012.— Erastus D. Bootman, of Eameston, Otsego county, N. Y.— Improvement
in Monochord Tuning Instruments. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This improvement
consists in the construction of a movable bridge or bearing which may be adjusted on the
sound-board to stop the string at the point to make it produce the required note.

Claim. — ^The movable bridge, bearing or stop, composed of two pieces of steel or other
metal J K, as described, in combination with tne mortises « « in the sound-board, substan-
tially as and for the purpose herein set forth.
*

No. 40,013.— John V. V. Booraem, of Jersey City, N. J.— Improvement in Joints for
Tubes of Surface Condensers. — Patent dated September 22, J 863. — ^The invention consists in
a method of avoiding leaka&:e from the ioints 'owing to the alternate contraction and expan-
sion of the parts by the application of elastic material between the joints, which is packed by
a thimble embracing the tube and screwed into the tube sheet.

Claim. — Forming the point between the tube and tube sheet by means of a packing a of
India-rubber or other suitable material surrounding the tube, and a hollow screwed thimble
passing over the tube and screwing into the tube sheet, substantially as herein specified.

No. 40,014.— F. B. Blanchard, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in the Application of
Blowers to the Furnaces of Locomotives. — Patent issued September 22, 1863; antedated
December 18, 1861. — This invention consists of a method of operating a blower by ineans
derived directly from the driving or other wheel through a crank pin, rod, gearing, &a^

C/atm .-Combining the fan shaft of the blower with the driving or other wheel of the
locomotive by means of cranks //and d d^ rods « «, a shaft D, gears g g', pinions h h' and
clutches ij and i' j\ the whole applied and operating substantially as ana for the purpose
herein specified.

No. 40,015. — Richard Beebe, of West Springfield, Hampden county, Mass.— TVwtn^
Attachment for Piano-fortes. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The invention consists
in the attachment of a monochord directly to the sound-board of the instrument, together
with apparatus for bringing the monochord and the string to be tuned simultaneously under
the control of the hand.

C/aim.— ^First, the Combination of the^onochord with the piano-forte in such manner that
the sound-board of the piano-forte constitutes the sound board for the monochord, rendering
any peculiar or separate sound-board for the monochord unnecessary, substantially as herein
described.

Second, the combination with the so-applied monochord of a movable kev, by which it
can be struck simultaneously with any one of the strings by the action of the same hand,
substantially as herein set £c»ith.



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678 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

No. 40,016. — Ansow F. Bartow, of Dedham, Norfolk coonty, Mass. — Imprarenuwt m
Steam Boilers. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in a pecnliar
constmction of tHe boiler with crescont-shaped water vessel projecting below the ordinary
cjlindrical boiler and forming a fire-bridge and floor to the back part of the fhmace, the ad-
ditional boiler being connected at the rear by pipe to the upper one.

Claim. — ^The improved steam generator as constmctea with the smoke-flne H, and the
crescent-shaped water- vessel F, combined and arranged with the main boiler £, snbstantiallj
in the manner and so as to operate as specified.

No. 40,017.— Charles L. Baritt, of New York, N. Y, ^Improved Coffee and Water Cwf
for Soldiers. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The invention consists in the introdnctioQ
of a strainer or filterer of a suitable shape inside the cup.

Claim. — As a new article of manufacture, the use of a cup having a filterer or stniiiMT in
H, in form and principle of operation substantiallj as hereinbefore set forth.

No. 40,018. — ^Francis E. Calvert, of Lowell, Mass. — Improvement in Carding Engine.—
Patent dated September 22, 1863; Patented iiL England in 1860. — In this machine the cotton
or wool is taken from the feed roller by a **licker-in," which is covered with steel teeth, and
which works the fibre somewhat and carries it to the main card, which it continuously stnps,
bringing the fibre in contact with retainer. The surfaces of the **licker-in,** the retainer,
and the main cards move at the rate of 3, 2, and 1, respectively, by gearing or by bands and
pulleys properly proportioned.

Claim. — ^The improved carding machine as constructed with its licker-in, made substan-
tially as described, and combined with the main card cylinder, a retainer, and mechanism
by which, when rotated, such licker-in shall be made not only to seise the fibrous material
m>m the feeding rollers, and transfer it to and work it when on the retainer, but operate to
continuously stnp the main card cylinder at its rear, substantially as hereinbefore specified.

Also, the combination of the toothed licker-in, one or more retainers,' and machinery by
which such licker-in may be driven or rotated at a velocity greater than that of the retainer,
or that of either of them when more than one may be employed.

No. 40,019.— James B. Clark, of Plantsville, Conn.— ilfacA««« for Folding Tags,—
Patent dated September 22, 1863.^The end to be folded is placed between two plates, one
the shape of the piece, and the other and upper one the desired shape when folded ; two
folders approach, one on each side, and lap over the comers, then one approaches and laps
over the truncated end, leaving it ready for the insertion of the eyelet.

Claim. — The stationay folding plates H I, in combination with the movable foldin? plates
F F G, the plates F being attached to pivoted arms C, on aT sliding plate B, and the plate
G, attached to a sliding plate G, the arms C, being operated by the slots d and pins c, when
the plate D is moved alone, and all arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 40,020. — Charles Courtois, of Volcano, Amador county, Cal. — Improvement in
Rock Drills. — ^Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The improvement is in the shape of the
tool and the die by which it is sharpened and swedged into shape, and both are clearly de-
scribed in the claim.

Claim. — A drill A, having its head b formed square and bevelling with concave sides, and
the concave edge c, about one-third the width of the face of the square, as shown and de-
scribed. •

Also, the employment or use of the die B with a cavity </, corresponding to the shape of
the head b, as described, for the purpose of sharpening the drill A.

No. 40,021. — James Maslin Cooper, of Pittsburg, P&.— Improvement in Revoking
Fire-arms. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The details of the improvement will be
understood from the claim and drawings as well as from any description within the assigned
limits of this abstract. They refer to devices for locking the cylinder except when being
rotated ; double locking at the moment of firing ; for retaining the spent cap on the tube
irntU rotated away from the hammer ; making longitudinal grooves in the base pin for the
retention of the dirt which may collect on the base pin, and for holding oil ; and to the cock-
ing and trigger-setting device.

Claim. — First, the use in revolving fire-arms, susceptible of being operated by this trigger
of a positive locking bolt for locking the revolviftg breech, independently of the action of
the trigger, at all times excepting when the cylinder is being revolved, substimtiaUy as here-
inbefore described.

Second, placing the locking bolt on the lefUhand side of the axes of the revolving* cylinder,
where the cylinder revolves Som right to left, (and vice versa where it moves in the opposite
direction, ) for the double purpose of insuring the entry of the head of the bolt into its recess
or notch in the cylinder, and of aiding the revolution of the cylinder just before firing, so as
to lock the breech before the hammer is at fall cock, substantially as described.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 679

Third, double locking the cylinder at the moment of firing, so as to hold it perfectly rigid
by means of the hand or driver, operated by the trigger to sustain it in one direction, and
the locking bolt to receive the pressure and sustain it in the opposite diiection, substantially
as describSa. , , , , ,

Fourth, the use of a gate attached to the recoil shield, placed at the end or throat of the
hammer recess, having a narrow slot or hole of less width than a percussion cap, to allow of
the passage of the point of the hammer to strike the cap, for the purpose of preventing tho
passaged the spent caps into the hammer recess, and also to prevent the caps from project-
ing so far backward as to interfere with the rotation of the revolving breech, substantially
as described.

Fifth, the use of a groove or grooves in the arbor or base pin of revohing breech fire-
arms where such groove or grooves are parallel to the axis of tne base pin, for the purpose
hereinbefore described.

Sixth, so constructing and arranging the hammer, trigger, and driver of hammer-cocking
revolvinr breech fire-arms, as that the cocking of the hammer will * draw back or set the
trigger, holding it in a drawn position so as to be fired by a mere touch, substantially as dc-
scnbed and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,022. — Charles Crozat Converse, of Dubuque, Iowa. — Improved Mangle, —
Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The improvement consists in an arrangement of three
rollers revolving in bearings, the lower one having an endless apron traversing upon it and
two other rollers forming an extension; the roller immediately above this is tum^ bv a crank,
and upon it winds and unwinds an auxilianr apron, between which and the endless apron
the clothes are pressed ; the upper one is a triction roller and keeps the apron smooth, and
it is retained at die desired pressure by screws and springs.

Claim, — ^The winding roller and its auxiliary apron, substantially as described, in combi-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 119 of 164)