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nation with the bottom roller and endless apron, substantially as and for the purpose spedfiod.

No. 40,023. — Abel Crowfoot, of Chicago, 111. — Ratchet Tube Cutter. — Patent issued
September 22, 1863; antedated March 11, 1862.— This is an application to the ordinary
ratchet drill stock of an extension rod to reach a back centre to support the rear end, and an
arrangement by which the cutter is applied to the desired point within the tube. To tho
stocknead a cutter is attached which projects radially from the axis of rotation and is intro-
duced within the end of the tube to the required distance ; a set screw at the back of a lever
which projects the cutter affords a means of feeding the latter as it makes its progress through
the sides of the tube.

Claim, — ^The combination, with a common ratchet drill stock, of the cutter U, with either
a square or angular shaped cutting edge, the lever W, feed-screw T, head Q, and extension
rod B, for the purpose of cutting off" boiler flues, in the manner set forth.

No. 40,024.— A. C. Crondall, of New York,.N. Y,— Improved Stuffing for Mattresses,
PUlotDSf dee, — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The cork is ground to reduce it to a
moderate size and give it roundness and elasticity, then cleaned and treated with oil.

Claim. — ^A stuffing for mattresses, cushions, £c., composed of ground cork and oil, made
as herein shown and described.

No. 40,025:— H. C. Drew, of Oshawa, Ontario county, Canada 'West,-— Improvement in
Wheel Vehicles,— P&tGut dated September 22, 1863.— The hind end of the tongue is pivoted
between segmental plates which form guides for the inner ends of the short axles attached
to the fore wheels. The tongue is attached by a pivoted bar and side bars to the axles.

Claim, — ^Tho conibination of the segment guides J J, pivoted bar L, and bars jj, witfi tho
front axles and the tongue K, in tho manner herein shown and described.

No. 40,026.— Abraham Drey, of Baltimore, 'Md.-^Improvement in Shirts, — ^Patent dated
September 22, 1863.— The outer bosom consists of lapels which may be fastened, opened,
or closed.

Claim. — ^A double bosom shirt, when composed of an inner bosom d and outer flaps or
lapds a a, substantially as and for the purposes described.

No. 40,027.— S. C. Ellis, of Jersey City, N. Y,— Improvement in the Manufacture of Match
Sticks, — ^Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The splint blank is furrowed by gangs of rotary
cutters placed on a mandrel so as to leave the splints of any required sectional shape.

Claim. — ^The employment or use of rotary cutters A A', substantially such as herein speci-
fied, for the purpose of producing match sticks.

No. 40,028.— John Ericsson, of New York, N. Y,-^ Improvement in Instruments for
Taking Soundings.— VoXent dated September 22, 1863.— The bag of air, suitably protected,
is allowed to traO upon the bottom, and by means of a tubular connexion with a pressure
gauge the depth of water is indicated.

C?aim.— Ootaining soundings by means of an air bag, or its equivalent, loaded to touch
bottom, and connected by means of a tube with a register or pressure gauge attached to the
yessel, the pressure of air in which gauge indicates the depth of water.



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680 ANNUAL REPOKT OP THE

No. 40,029. —Joax and Samuel Fahrney, of Boonsboro', Washington conntj, Md.—
Improvement in Molasses Faucets, — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^Tbis consists of %
cylinder of definite capacity, and a piston and valve by which it is filled from the passage
leading to the cask; and a valve and passage by which it is discharged from the cjlinder
to the exit orifice.

Claim, — ^First, the combination and arrangement of the pipe A, cylinders D E, valve E,
piston F, opening O, and valve Q, as described.

Second, in combination therewith the stop-cock S, as described.

Third, in combination with cylinder £, the valve R, opening O, piston F, with the plug <
the screw rod G, and crank K, as described.

Fourth, the combination of the piston F, piston rod G, cross-bar H, thumb-screw v, and
sliding rod m, as and for the purposes described.



No. 40,030.— John D. Filkins and John M. Filkins, of Johnson township, Lagrange

ounty, Ind. — Improved Punch Block. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The upper and

the lower plates are punched with a series of holes ot corresponding sizes. The space



between the plates is adjusted to the thickness of the iron, and the mark naving been brought
to the centre of one of the upper holes, the punch is applied and the piece driven through the
lower plate.

Claim, — As a new article of manufacture the punch block a, in combination with the steel
plate 6, the set screw c, mortise e, and guide/, constructed substantially as and for the pur-
poses set forth.

No. 40,031.— Joseph W. Gardner, of Shelbume Falls, Franklin county, Mass.— /o-
vrovement in Table Cutlery. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The tang of the knife passes
longitudinally through the handle and is secured at the end by a set screw ; the bolster has
supporting flanges which embrace the handle.

Claim. — ^As an improvement in table cutlery a knife or fork having its handle or bolster
made and applied together, in manner substantially as hereinbefore de6cribed and as repre-
sented in the accompanying engravings.

No. 40,032.— Thomas W. Godwin, of Portsmouth, Ysu-^Improvement in Oil Cups for
Machinery, — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The object is to apply the oil to the machine
against the pressure of the steam, and the device consists of two valve stems, one screwmg
into the other, and the lower square-shanked one prevented from rotating by passing through
a square aperture ; the oil chambers are three, in a vertical series, and the flow to and from
the central chamber is regulated by two valves on the upper and lower stems respectively.

Claim, — First, the arrangement with an oil cup of the valve L, or its equivalent, the valve
stem G, and the cup N, as shown and described.

Second, the arrangement within an oil cup of the stems G and G and their valves, when
constructed and operated substantially as shown and described.

No. 40,033.— Wn^LiAM H. Harris, Grand Rapids, Kent county, Mich,— Improvement in
Air Heading Furnaces, — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^Tlie grate bars ai*e hollow and
are suppli^ with air from a chamber in the base of the stove, which air passes through
them and into an air-heating chamber which surrounds the furnace. The volatile products
of combustion pass into a drum which is traversed above by tubes which connect the air-
heating chambers above and below the drum.

Claim, — The arrangement and combination of the curved tubes B, formimg the fire-grate
of the furnace, cold-air passages £, air-heating chamber F, drum U, provided with the tut>es
J, and the furnace A, as herein fully shown and described. *

No. 40,034. — ^Anson Hardy, of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Machines for Shearing
iron.— Patent issued September 22, 1863 ; ontedated September 12, 1863. — Explained by the
claim.

Claim. — First, so attaching the rotary knife to the carria^ which carries it that, witboat
raising or lowering said carriaife, said rotary knife may be raised or lowered, for the purpose
of increasing or diminishing the distance between the stationary straight knife and the said
rotary knife, in the manner substantially as herein described.

Second, the combination of wrought-iron trusses, in the manner substantially as herein
shown, with the upper and lower beams and side pieces and the rotary knife of the machine,
for the purpose of adding rigidity to said upper and lower beams and side pieces, and also
for the mrther purpase of causing said machine to do its work with a less expenditure of power,
and with very much less risk ot breaking said rotary knife.

Third, suspending the knife carriage to the lower side of the upper beam, and bracing it
laterally against the rear side piece below the lower side of the carriage, in the manner sub-
stantially as herein described, so as to obtain a much greater distance than has ever before
been obtained between the upper and lower beams, for Hie purpose of enabling the workmen
convenientlv to secure the sheet of metal to be cut in the exact position desired between the
knives, and for the purpose of enabling said workmen to see distinctly if said sheet of metal
is accurately placed.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 681

No. 40,035. —W. C. Herdder, of Miami town, Hamilton county, Ohio.— Blackboard
and Map Case.— Patent dated September 22, 1863.— The outer casing or outside of the doors
is painted for a blackboard, while the interior is fitted up with frames or slides, in which
maps are secured.

Claim. — ^A combined blackboard and map case, substantially as herein shown and de-
scribed.

No. 40,036.— ASAHEL R. HoLCOMB, of Naples, Ontario county, N. Y. ^Improvement in
Shinglinfr Hipped i?<w/«.— Patent dated September 22, 1863.— The angular piece which
finishes the course on the edge of the hip is brought down one course below, so as to make
an additional thickness at that point, and afford means for a more secure attachment.

Claim. — Substituting for the ordinary small triangular pieces that complete the courses at
the hip the joint shingles b' c' d', each prolectinff to the base line of the course already laid,
arranged so as to be securely nailed and held in place, without splitting or warping and
without the necessity of weatherboards, and furnishing an extra thickness of covenng, sub-
stantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,037.— Saivitel Hoyt, of New York, N. Y.—Improvetnent in Coffee Roasters,^
Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This consists of a corrugated drum to contain the coffee
berries attached to a perforated shaft, and heated by ga» jets emitted by the tubular frame ;
the perforated tube carries the vapor and volatilized essential oil to a chamber.

Claim. — First, the hollow shaft B, in combination with a roasting drum, the shaft serving
to bear and to drive the roasting drum A, and being provided with apertures ^ ^ in its dr-
cumference, and outlets at one or both ends to conduct off the gases from the interior of the
drum, either into an aromatizing chamber G or off into the chimney, substantially as de-
scribed.

Second, making a part of the frame within which a coffee roaster is arranged of tubes d d^
which are slotted or punctured in such manner that they constitute fluid or gas burners,
substantially as and for the purposes described.

Third, the combination with an aromatizing chamber G of a roasting drum A, the same
communicating with each other by means of a hollow shaft, or equivalent device, sub-
stantial! v as and for the purposes described.

Fourth, the combination of a corrugated cylindrical drum and a series of gas or fluid
burners, which constitute the ties or longitudinal parts of the frame in which tne drum is
arranged, substantially as and for the purposes described.

FifUi, a cylindrical corrugated tight roasting drum composed of one continuous piece of
corrugated metal and two plates or heads, which are scolloped around their edges or circum-
ferences, as and for the pmpose described, in combination with an axial shaft, as set forth.

No. 40,038. — Alexander Hogg, of Rutland, Meigs county, Ohio. — Improvement in Bee-
hives. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The rectangular case has a central chamber,
which has a slat floor. On each side of and above this chamber are partition walls or ceil-
ing, and beyond these are compartments for honey boxes, the partitions naving holes for com-
munication between the central and exterior boxes.

Claim. — ^A beehive composed of a rectangular box or case A, provided with a slatted bot-
tom E, and with vertical partitions g g aud horizontal partitions h t, all arranged, as shown,
to form compartments to receive drawers BCD D', the drawers B being at the sides of
drawers D D', and the drawers C above the latter, a communication being formed between
the drawers D D' and I^ C, as shown, and the drawers D D' being constructed and arranged,
as shown, so as to form the body or main part of the hive, and still either of the drawers
rendered capable of removal, for the purpose specified.

:No. 40,039.— Edward F. Howard, of Boston, 'i^?^.— Improvement in Machinery for
Finishing Rim-bases of Ordnance — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The end of a stationary
shAft is attached by a collar to ihe trunnion of the gun, the axial line of the shaft being per-
pendicular to the axis of the gun. On the shaft are a stationary plate and a sliding pattem-
plnte, and parallel to these is a cam-plate or ring, and a sliding gear-wheel, on which a tool-
holder is pivoted ; the front end of the tool-holder carries the tool, and the other end rests upon
and is operated radially by the surface of a pattern on the sliding plate; the motion of the
cutter radially to the axis of the guu is by means of a cam on the inside of the cam-plate
acting on a pin on a pro^'ection fmm the sliding gear-wheel, which carries the tool. The longi-
tudinal motion of the shding pattern-plate is caused by the screw-threads on the shafts carry-
ing satellite wheels operated by the gear-wheel on the auxiliary motor shaft.

Claim. — Finishing or cutting the rim-bases of ordnance, bv the employment of a cutting
tool, guided automatically by a pattern, cam, rotating and feeding mecnanism, substantially
as described.

Also, giving to the pattern L the reyerae morement, in the manner and for the purpose as
•et forth.



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682 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 40,040.— John Hull, of Vienna, Warren county, N. J,—Improved Rubber AtUuimat
for Wash-board. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^Tnis is an attachment to the wash^xnid,
and conAists of a rubber block attached by toggle joint arms to the lower part of the waib-
board, and adapted to bo nibbed npon the clothes over the crimped surface of zinc

Claim, — Attaching the rubber B by means of the joints d d on its upper surface to the
wash-board A, by means of the jointed or flexible frame formed of the rods e e, shaft/ and
arms A, when the frame is pivoted or jointed to the lower end of the wash-board, as henio
shown and described.

No. 40,041.— J. Burrows Hyde, of Newark, N. 3 .-^Improvement in War i?oc*ft».— Patai
issued September 22, 1863 ; antedated April 25, 1863. — ^The improvement consists m the««-
struction of that part of the rocket which gives it rotation from lateral or tangential holes,
for the escape of burning gases therefrom, and in the means for igniting the contents of tbe
shell or head of the rocket, and in the method of firing the contents of tho shell when charge!
with incendiary composition.

Claim, — First, the construction of a rocket case with th^ ring a, combined with the apeitm^
c c, and core £, by means of the channel d, or their equivalent, substantially as described.

Second, the radial adjustable fuse/, arranged as described, for igniting the contents of the
shell directly or through the agency of the inner fuse e, as described.

Third, the hood match p^ and its protector r, secured and ignited, as described.

Fourth, the partially guarded match A, with its branches for simultaneously igniting the
rocket and shell fuse, as described.

No. 40,042.-1. Burrows Hyde, of Newark, N. 3 ,— Improvement in Press for Cfutrgitf
Roc&«<».— Patent issued September 22, 1863 ; antedated April 22, J863.— This apparatus con-
sists of a press with three standards with strong headines. One of these standards fonns&E
axis on which the movable platen carrying the case holder is joumalled, so that it may swing
in and out.

Claim, — Employing one of the bars or ties of the frame-work of a condensing press as tb=
axle or journal for a rotating working table or platen for supporting or carrying the work u
be acted upon by tho press, and arranged in the manner and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,043.— Gust Avus A. Jasper, of Charlestown, Mass. — Improved Machine for Cm^
ing Sugar and Forming it into Blocks,— Vfitent dated September 22, 1863.— ^The 8UgtrIo«J
is chopped into pieces oy knives on a rotary cylinder operating against sets of stationar
knives attached to bars. The crushed sugar falls between moulding cylinders whose pen^
pheries present rectangular cells, which so correspond with each other as to press the sogi"
between them and discharge it below in blocks approximating a cubical form.

Claim. — The above-described improved sugar-crushing ana blocking machine, having im-
parts arranged and constructed substantially in the manner and to operate as specified.

No. 40,044. — Jacob Jahraus, of Buffalo, N. Y.— Improvement in Faucets and Vents-
Patent dated September 22, 1863. — This is a piston faucet having a compound dischai^
nozzle and a hollow discharge piston ; as the latter is raised the liquor flows freely throng
the outer cylinder, and as the valves descend a small quantity remains to be forced out a bi«
in the bottom of the inner cylinder. The motion of the lever-handle opens and closes tk
ventilating plug on the top of the cask.

Claim, — The compound discharge nozzle composed of the cylinders G and H, incombiifr
tion with the hollow valve piston K, (with or without the holes K', ) valve-stem C, and vaht
cl c2t and lever £, arranged and operating for the purposes and substantially as described.

Also, the valve P, arranged and operating up<m the outside of the ventilating plug H •
substantially as set forth.

No. 40,045.— F. Jones, ofPrescott, Pierce county. Wis,— Roller Attachment for BrteH
Straps, — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This consists-of a roller in a stirrup finameii-
tached to the ring of the neck-yoke, so as to allow the breast strap to traverse without rob-
bing.

Claim, — ^The frame A, provided with the roller B, and the hook 6, when applied to tk
neck yoke and breast straps, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,046.— W. Davidson Jones, of Hagerman^s Mills, Montgomery county, N. Y.-
Improvement in WaUr Elevators. — ^Patont dated September 22, 1863. — By the forward rot»-
tion of the shafl the engagement of the cam-faces brings the disks closer together, so that by
their fictional cohesion the shaft is rotated, the pawl and ratchet taking up the gained id^
tion ; when it is desired to descend, the crank is rotated in the reverse direction, which ^
engages the disks and the shaft revolves freely, unless controlled by a pressure, slight ui
otherwise, due to the partial engagement of the faces of the disks. .

Claim, — ^The peculiar arrangement of tho several parts of the described friction chiteh sod
crank combined, in combination with the pawl g, stafk «, and crank, handle or lever d, con*
Btnicted and operating substantially as and for the purposes shown and describtd.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 683

No. 40,047.— THOBdAS Keech, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Hatereacks^—PtLtcut
dated September 2*2, 1863. — ^The hayersack is made of duck or other textile fabric, and on the
Bide is a detachable piece of water-proof staff to preserve the clothes from contact with the
soiled side of the haversack.

Claim. — ^A haversack formed of pervious material, and having a detachable or impenetra-
ble side-piece, the whole arranged to Operate substantially as described for the purposes set
forth.

No. 40,048.— Richard Kitson, of Lowell, 'hiasa.—Imprevment in Brakes to Cotton Lap-
pers, — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The brake is so combined with the shipper or
other device which starts and stops the machine, that it is thrown into action by the act of
starting the feed rolls, and thrown out by the contrary motion.

Claim. — So combining the brake with the shipper that it is brought into action when the
operation of the machine commences, and is thrown out of operation when the operation of
the machine ceases, substantially as herein described.

No. 40,049. — Richard Kitson, of Lowell, Mass.— /mpnJt?em«it<tn Machine for Preparing
Cotton and other Fibrous Material for Carding. — ^Patent dated September 22, 1863.— Itcon-
Bists in the arrangement of an endless apron, in combination with the draught cylinders, so
as to permit a larger number of cylinders to be used in forming a breaker lap.

Claim, — The arrangement of the endless apron G and draught cylinder or screws, in com-
bination with each other and in relation to the mouth of the trunk and to the lap head, sub-
stantially as herein specified, whereby several sheets of fibre delivered from the cylinders or
screens are united ana delivered in a united state to the lap head.

No. 40,050. — Charles H. Kupfer, of Hoboken, N. J. — Improvement in Lamp Burners. —
Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The improvement consists of a fluted cone around the base
of the lamp-wick, perforations at the lower end of the burner, and a contraction of the de-
flector, their purpose being to concentrate a vertical column of air around the base of the flame ;
the partial isolation of the deflector from the burner preventing the conduction of heat to the
reservoir.

Claim. — ^First, the arrangement, within a burner, of a fluted cone F, constructed and op-
erating substantially as set forth.

Second, the deflecting cap G, when provided with a contraction k at about halfway of its
height, but whether with or without the perforations m m, the whole constructed and operating
substantially as described. *

Third, the combination with said fluted cone F of the perforations b 6, operating as speci-
fied.

Fourth, the combination of the fluted cone F, the cap G, contracted as described, and the
perforations b 6, the whole constructed and operating as above mentioned. *

Fifth, the arrangement set forth for attacnin^ the cap G to the body A of the burner, so
as to form an air-space q to diminish the conduction of heat to the oil reservoir.

No. 40,051.— Augustus Lafever, of Battle Creek, Calhoun county, Mch.^hnprove-
ment in Removing Spikes from Guns. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The invention
consists of an annular bit on a shaft rotating in a frame clamped upon the gun. The shaft
rotates in a rocking socket so as to be able to drill at any required angle, and the frame is
hinged upon the supporting clamp, which straddles the gun so as to be rocked back to see
whether the drill is progressing right in removing the metal from around the spike, leaving
it as a core to be grasped and drawn out.

Claim. — First, the mode herein described of unspiking guns by means of an annular bit,
in combination with the adjustable frame A, substantially as described.

Second, the adjustable frame A, constructed and operating substantially as described.

Third, the self-a^usting socket C, in combination with the adjustable plate B.

No. 40,052. — Caleb J. Lego, of Penn Tan, Yates county, N. Y. — Improvement in Com-

SheUers. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — The com is passed between the surfaces of an

inner rotating and an outer stationary cylinder placed in vertical positions. The sides of

the respective cylinders are composed of alternate fixed and vibrating bars armed with teeth.

• The vibrating bars have springs behind them, which keep them against the com.

Claim,— The shelling and husking cylinder A, constmcted with hinged radially vibrating
staves B B, controlled by springs a a, and with teeth arranged spirally both upon the staves
and intermediate portions of the cylinder, substantially as herein specified.

Also, the combined constmction and arrangement of the fixed staves c c and hinged radially
Tibrating staves D D, controlled by springs H H, together composing the concave to the
shelling cylinder, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,053.— Norman Lanphear, of Monmouth, Warren county, m.— Apparatus for
Ormmemiing Chtm Jewelry, Jrc— Patent dated September 22, 1863.— The omament is adjusted
on the gum ring, the latter being upon the anvil ; the heated pressure tool is then brought
down upon the ornament and imbedded in the gum, which cloees over and retains it eecoEely



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684 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

Claim. — ^The forming of letters or other devices in or upon the surface of articles of gutta-
percha, India-rubber, or other fi^um, by the use of the clamping tool A, anvil a, die stock h,
and set screw c, all constructed, combined, and arranged as herein shown and described, so



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 120 of 164)