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OS to be adapted for use by heating that portion only of the tool which presses or forces the
dies or devices into the gum.

No. 40,054.— William Maginn, of New York, N. Y.— ^Improvement in Explosive SluUt.-
Patent dated September 22, 1863.— The forward part of the shell has an annular cavity, in
which is a loose ring with an enlargement to answer the purpose of a hammer: a part of the
groove is occupied oy a hollow plug and nipple, and the inertia of the ring on the firing of
the shell from the rifled ordnance bangs the hammer against the cap on the nipple and ligbta
the time-fuze.

C^im.— The rinff C and attached hammer 6, applied to operate with a double groove di\
in combination with a nipple c and fuze hole gi substantially as and for the purpose herein
specified.

No. 40,055.— Robert L. Marcher, of New York, N. Y.— Apparatus for Applying Mad
Leaf to Mouldings, 4rc.— Patent dated September 22, 1863.— The moulding is fed along in
its channel, wluie the vibratlne and reciprocating brush alternately picks up a sheet of
metal leaf from the pile, and withdrawing it, lays it upon the surface of the moulding. Tbo
action of the brush and of the mechamsm for feeding the moulding are alternate, and proceed
from the reciprocating motion of the handle.

Claim. — First, the employment or use of the tip or brush I, attached to an arm H, and
arranged with or without a spring a*, or with the equivalent of a spnng, to operate substan-
tially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the endless apron L, in combination with the arm H, tip or brush I, and slide G,
arranged for joint operation as and for the purpose specified.

Third, the combination of the endless apron L, slide G, arm H, tip or brush I, and tbe
sliding bar B, which supports the mouldmg C, actuated from the slide G, through ihe
medium of the pawl E, lever F, and the rack in the bar B, substantially as and for the pur-
pose set forth.

No. 40,056.— JOHN^N. Morrison, of Philadelphia, Vek.— Improvement in Beds for Im^
lids — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — It consists in device^ for adjusting the leg-rww
and securing them in position in their flexed or extended positions ; the traversing carriage
lor placing tne bed pan or its substitute, the pad, in position; the ratchet, pawl, and lever
arranffement for elevating the pan to the aperture in the mattress, and retaining it as re-
quired ; the desk-holder, consisting of a swivelled clamp on an adjustable stalk.

Claim. — First, the combination of the jointed leff-rests E E and jointed supporting bar«
F F G G, when the said parts are constructed and arranged to operate in the manner and
for the purposes herein specified.

Second, the carriage H, constructed and operated substantially as set forth, to place eitbet
the pad L or pan M beneath the aperture a in the bed.

Third, the elevating lever P P and retaining ratchet R, or equivalent devices, operating
in any manner substantially as described, to raise the pad or pan, and retain it in the aper-
ture a.

Fourth, the air-tight cover T, employed in the described combination with the carriage H,
to close the pan M when not in use.

Fifth, the combination of the removable swivelled standard W, swivel V, and clamp screws
or nuts It o, for securing the desk or table U in any required position.

No. 40,057.— William Mulltns, of Steubenville, Ohio.— Improvement in Lanterns.—
t>atent dated September 22, 1863. — ^For the purpose of keeping the oil in a fluid state, the
oil cup is surrounded by an air jacket, which is supplied wiih heated air by an arched pipe
reaching above the flame.

Claim. — Surmounting the oil cup with a hot-air chamber, and supplying heat thereto by
means of the bent tube D passing over the flame of the lamp from a point below the bottom
of the oil cup, and discharging into the air chamber in the manner €uid for the purpose
described.

No. 40,058.— Edward L. Norfolk, of Salem, Masa.— Improved Device for Supplying
Gas Retorts with Liquids. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — This device consists of a
chamber with lif^uid for the supply of the retorts, and placed so far above them as to over-
come, by the height of the column of liquid, the pressure of the gas in the retort, thereby
affording a regular and continuous stream.

Claim, — Maintaining a regular supply of hydro-carbon for gas purposes by moans oi tho
chamber A and connecting pipes E and F, or their equivalents, the whole operating in the
manner and for the purpose set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 635

No. 40,059 —Gabriel D. Pearson, of Ypsilanti, Washtenaw county, Wch,^l/np roved
Cross-cut Stuoing Machine, — ^Patent dated September 22, 18d3. — The saw frame is attached
to the side of the lo^ by do^ and guys, and the requisite motion given to the saw by
means of a geared shaft and pitman. The saw slips on ways in a box which is suspended
by a cord from a ratchet pulley, and is guided by an arc-shaped bar attached to the frame.

Claim. — ^Tho combination of the working bar G, saw K, and guide block J, with the
circular guide posts b 6, and the mode of raising and lowering the saw by means of the crank
shaft N, and the manner of attaching the machine to the log, arranged and operated in the
manner and for the purpose herein explained.

No. 40,060.— Dan. Pease, of Floyd, Oneida county, N. Y. — Improvement in Smnt Mills. —
Patent dated September 22, 1833. — ^The invention consists in constructing a stationary hol-
low cylinder for the outside shell of a smut machine of numerous small cast-iron pieces, so
placed together as to make the ridges and hollows of the adjacent sections alternate with
each other; also in the clearing plates on the top of the cylinder.

Claim. — ^A stationary hollow cylinder for a smut machine, composed of small cast-iron
pieces, constructed, combined, and connected as herein described, and for the purposes
described.

Also, separately, the construction of the cast-iron pieces of which the said cylinder is
composed in such manner and form as that the internal trenches alternate with the inter-
yening ridges as herein described, and for the purposes described.

Also, the clearers x on the top covering of the revolving cylinder, constructed and arranged
as described, and for the purposes described, the whole being constructed, combined, and
arranged substantially in the manner herein set forth.

No. 40,061. — Jesse Pilbeam, of Seneca Falls. Seneca county, N. Y. — Improvement in
Coal Hods. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^The rim is a flanged and armed metallic
ring, to which the edges of the receptacle and base are attached by means of a plate and bolt.

Claim, — ^The ring 0, constmctea as described, in combination with the receptacle A and
base B, arranged and operating substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,062.— Francois Ferdinand Prudhomme, of Paris, France.— improwmew* in
Pumps. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This is intended for deep wells or mines, and
consists of a lift pump near the bottom of the shaft and a d. iving pump at the surface. They
are connected by pipes, and the motion of the upper piston is communicated to the lower
pump pistons by tne water in the ascension pipes.

C^im. — First, the combination of two pumps, one being a lift and the other a force pump,
arranged as herein shown, or in any equivalent way, to operate conjointly in the manner as
and for the purpose specified.

Second, the particular construction of the lift pump as herein described, to wit: two solid
pistons of equal size fitted in a cylinder divided into two compartments by a fixed partition,
torming a resisting suHace to the action of the water, as described.

Third, the combination of the cylinders M A A', pistons P B B', pipes F' J J', and valves
D D d d' hh', Skii arranged and operating substantially as set forth.

Fourtti, the described arrangement and combination of parts constituting the double-acting
driving pump without valves, but with a solid piston transmitting motion to the lift -pump
pistons thi'ough continuous columns of water, whereby the use of a rod extending down the
well, mine-pit, or shaft, is dispensed with.

No. 40,063.— Gelston Sanford, of Great Britain, and James E. Mallory, of New
York, N. Y. — Improvement in Machine for Breaking and Cleaning Hemp, Flax, 8fc. — Patent
dated Septemoer 22, 1863. — One or more pairs of rotating fluted rollers are combined with a
pair of toothed rollers which have a'longitudmal reciprocating^ motion in addition to their
rotary motion, so as to give a close rubbing action to the fibres as they pass through the-
machine.

Claim. — ^The pair of toothed rollers, one of which has a longitudinal reciprocating motion
as well as a rotary motion, in combination with fluted rollers having a continuous rotary
motion, substantially as described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,064. — Wilbur Reed, of Greenwood, El Dorado county, Cal. — Improvement in
Hay and Cotton Press. — Patent issued September 22, 1863; antedated October 17, 18G2. —
The improvement is in the method of applying power to the press, and consists in imparting
an alternate pressiD^r and I'eleasing movement to the follower of a cotton press from the con-
tinued circular motion of a sweep ot lever, provision being made for arresting the movement
of the follower while the motion of the sweep is continued.

Claim. — The combining with the drums G G', arranged as described, the loose shaft g
•with its lever H, spur wheel A with its toothed hub i, spur wheel j, sliding plate k, levers m
atxdp^ all arrangcu substantially as set forth, and causing the drums G G'to operate upon
theii* respective ropes c and s t, aa herein specified.



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686 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 40,065.— N. C. Sanpord, of Meriden, New Haven county. Conn. — Imp
Boys' S£u/5.— Patent dated September 22, 1863.— The improvement consists of a ce&tral fin
or rudder between the runners, operated by a pivoted bar under the control of the rider, by
means of the tiller ropes or the feet which rest against the projecting ends of the bar; the
projecting fins or the runners and rudder prevent the lateral motion of the sled.

Claim. — First, attaching the rudder D to the rear end of the scat B between the numenC,
in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

Second, the application of the flanges / and rib g in combination with the runner C and
rudder D, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as
specified.

No. 40,066.— Samuel O. Schoonmaker, of Wright, Schoharie county, N. Y. — improce-
ment in Distance Indicators for Railroads. — ^Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^At ereiy
mile in the road a double inclined casting is laid, which, as the locomotive passes over \u
raises a bar whose connexion with a pawl and ratchet operates an index point upon a cjicle,
indicating miles, stations, ^c

Claim. — ^The double incline plane or lifler M, together with the arrangement of the striker
E, spring L, lever G, and vertical rod E and catch D, when used in combination with the
distance indicator, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,067.— Maximilian Wappich, of Sacramento, CeA.— Improvement in Operattrng
Ordnance. — ^Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This is an improvement on the inventors
former patent of March 10, 1863, and refers to the bracing of the carriage, the use of a com-
pressor to clamp the carriage to the rails of the chassis, and a device for throwing the car-
riage off and on its wheels. The object is to raise the gun to its casemate or port-hole, so as
to enable it to be fired out of a smaller aperture ; to adapt the position of the gun to the aper-
ture in attaining the required range ana elevation. The compressing jaws act on the under
side of the flange of the chassis, drawing the gun carriage down vertically upon the rails
with the required force, which latter is adjustable by the revolution of the screw to which
the jaws are pivoted; the cams are rotated upon loose collars on the axle to raise the gun
carriage from the chassis and to throw its weight upon the wheels.

Claim. — First, elevating and depressing guns by their trunnions, by means substantially
as and for the purposes described.

Second, providing a gun carriage which is constructed of cheeks C C, lateral braces^ ar-
ranged above and l^low a gun which oscillates on, and is elevated and depressed bj, its
trannions, substantially as described.

Third, so constructiug a gun carriage and mounting a gun (which swings on its tran-
nions) therein, that while the gun can be raised or depressed, and the carriage remain sta-
tionary, the trunnions will have a rigid and firm support, substantially as described.

Fourth, the application of compressing jaws F F to a gpin carria^ in such manner that
they will 0{>erate simultaneously upon the lower surfaces ot the flanches of the chassis, and
press upwards or in direct opposition to the gravity of the carriage, substantially as described.

Fifth, adapting the slow cams 5 5 to operate in conjunction with the loose collars g ^ im
the axle P, lor the purpose of throwing the gun carriage upon its truck wheels, substantially
as described.

No. 40,068.— R. N. Warfield, of Rochester, N. Y.— Improvement in Deodorizing Petro-
leum, Naphtha, 8fc. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — This invention is explained by the
claim.

Claim. — Deodorizing petroleum, naphtha, &c., by the introduction of a volume of steam
into the liquid beneath its surface, by means of the pipe C and drum B, or in an equivalent
manner, so that the steam is distributed throughout the contents, and removes the gas by its
passage through the oil, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, passing the steam through the box E, or its equi^^ent, containing chloride of linoe,
muriate of ammonia, and stone lime, so that the steam becomes impregnated with the prin-
ciples of those elements prior to entering the oil, for the purpose of turUier purification^ sub-
stantially as specified.

No. 40,069. — Joel Whitney, of Winchester, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improvement im
Rolling Leather, — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^Pressure is brought upon the^'oumals
of the upper rollers by an India-rubber block and temper screws. The lower roller j^oumals
are supported upon blocks which are raised simultaneously by a common shaft and pinions,
the bearings of which rest upon the ends of levers w^hich are operated by a treadle and re-
tained in the required position by a ratchet.

Claim. — First, the arrangement of the geared screws a a and the giiared actuating shaft
with the rollers V V and springs t2 t2, so that the lower 'as well as the upper roller is ad-
justable, substantially as set forth.

Second, combining the rollers V V with an actuating shaft and bevel wheels located be-
low the lower roller, by means of which power may be applied to the rollers through the
rotation of such shaft and wheels, and by a lever power aoditional tiiereto, all from a pohat
below the lower roller, substantially as and for (iie purpose described



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COilMISSrONER OP PATENTS. 687'

Third, in combination with pressure rollers V V, to which power may be applied from a
point below the lower roller, either solely bjan actuating shaft and bevel wheels, or, in con-
junction with a lever power additional thereto, the application of rubber spring t2 t2 and
the pendant ratchet A, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Fourth, the combination of the parts a and p'^ by means of the bracket Q, as and for the
purpose set forth.

No. 40,070.— George B. Weestung, of Oxford Furnace, Warren county, N. J.—Im
proved Gun and Blastittg Powder, — ^Patent issued September 22, 1863; antedated December
3, 18G2. — Take of nitrate of soda, ten pounds ; chlorate of ^otassa, four pounds ; pulverized
roll sulphur, two pounds ; dissolve the chlorate of potassa in eight pounds of boiling water ;
add the soda, and with the solution saturate pulverized charcoeu ; add the sulphur, and mix
intimately and dry the compound.

Claim. — The manufacture of f^n and blasting powder of charcoal, sulphur, nitrate of soda,
and cUorate of potassa, either with or without nitrate of potassa, by the process he rein
specified.

No. 40,071. — Charles Wittman, M. D., of Brooklyn, N. Y, —Improvement in Surgical
Splints, — ^Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This splint is made of sheet metal, strength-
ened by beads, and perforated to admit of the evaporation of lotions or secretions which may
come in contact with it. The metal is coated with varnish to prevent mating, and provided
with a device for adjusting it to the axis of the joint of the limb. The foot-piece is sot
upon springs and provided with hinged screws, wtuch admit of its adjustment to the desired
position of the foot.

Claim, — ^First, a perforated sheet-metal splint, made in the manner and for the purposes
substantiallv as herein shown and described.

Second, the application of the buckles c' g and eyes c e, with or without springs/, in com-
bination with the two parts A' A" of a splint, as described, for the purpose of effecting an
elastic or uuelastic extension and counter-extension to the limb.

Third, the double-hinged serrated bar B with the adjustable spring catch j, in combination
with the splint A' A'', constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substan-
tially as shoMTu and described.

Fourth, the adjustable pivot A, in combination with the rods a* d carrying the parts A' A",
as described, for the pmpose of acconmiodating the joint of the splint to the axis of the joint
of the limb to be treated.

Fifth, the application of the screws W with hinges I* 1'* to the foot-plate A''', as and
for the purpose specified.

Sixth, the arrangement of the springs n in combination with the foOt-plateA'", constructed
and operated in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

No. 40,072.— James D. Whelpley, of Boston, Maas.— Improvement in Quartz Crushers.^
Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This consists of a tub with grated sides, into which the
quartz is dropped and broken by coming in contact with the edges of rotating knives on the
arms of a horizontally revolving wheel.

Claim, — First, revolving the radial cutters L, or their equivalents, close to the bottom and
side of a suitable tub or cylinder, and causing the material which is to be broken to fall by
ita own weight upon the cutters, whereby, while falling in a free and open space and held
by inertia alone, it is effectually broken or shivered to pieces, substantially as described.

Second, in combination with the horizontally revolving cutters L the grate or perforations
N in the periphery of the tub, substantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 40,073.— Wiley S. Wright, of St. Louis, Mo^-^hnprovement in 5<o»«s.— Patent
dated September 22, 1863. — This is ^n arrangement for securing the sliding doors to the door
frame, and consist*} of an overhanging lip and a projecting lug on the upper and lower edges,
respectively, of the door frame, and a lug on the lower edge of the door projecting inwardly
over the ease of the frame.

C/tfim.— First, supporting the inner end of sliding stove doors upon the top edge of the
lower part of the door frame by means of hooks, wmch are applied to and move with doors,
aubatantiallv as described.

^Second, the outside auxiliary supports e e, in combination with hooks c c, arranged on ^he
inside of the doors, substantiallv as and for the purposes described.

Third, in combination with the inner hooks and outer supports, the overhanging strip b
applied to the door frame, substantially as and for the purposes described.

No. 40,074.— Victor Beaumont, of New York, "S.Y, —Improvement in Hand Stmmps,—
Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in a number of appliances
combining in one instrument a hand stamp and inking pad ; so that the stamp is inked
aatomati^ly without the use of inking rollers held against the stamp when not in use, and
brought out of contact with the stamp oefore the latter partakes of the motion of the head,
being projected out of the path of the stamp at the nu>m6nt of impression. '



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688 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

Ctatm.^-First, the combination in ono instrument of a hand stamp with an Snldog iiti
under an arrangement substantially as hereinbefore described, so that the stamp shall be
inked automatically without the use of inking rollers, substantially as herein set forth.

Second, the method of connecting the inking pad with the head or knob of the stamp bj
means of articulated pendant rods, in combination with guides or their equiralents, for giving
to the pad when actuated by the knob the requisite motion for clearing the path of the stamp,
substantially as herein set forth.

Third, combining with the stamp and inking pad a frame, so arranged as to constitute tlie
means for firmly holding the paper, for supportmg the instrument, and for properly gui^os;
the pad and stamp in their various movements during the operations of the instrument, sub-
stantially as herem described.

Fourth, the employment, in combination with a knob and inkin? pad united as hereinbe-
fore referred to, of a shank tube and extension spring for holding Sie pad against the stamp
when the instrument is not in use, and for maintaining the stamp ready inked before t
downward motion is imparted to it, substantially as herein described.

Fifth, the combination with a knob sliding upon the shank of a helical sprin? located
within the knob and around the shank and between reverse flanges applied to the knob aad
shank respectively, in the manner and for the purposes substantially as herein described.

Sixth, combining the head or knob of a hand st«mp, operated by pressure applied to tbe
head with the inking pad, so that the said pad is brought out of contact with the stamp be-
fore the stamp itscU partakes of the movement imparted to the head, substantially as set fortk

Seventh, enlarging the guide slots in or about the plane in which the pad rests in contact
with the stamp, so as to allow a sufficient play of the pad for the occasional renewal of sur-
faces of contact, substantially as herein shown and described.

No. 40,075.— Andrew Buchanan, of Jersey City, N. J., assignor to Himself and Wil-
liam A. RiGHTER, of Newark, N. J. — Improved Mode of Directing Motion. — Patent dated
September 22, 1863. — The object of this invention is to obtain a perfect rectilinear moTement
of a bodv without the application of fixed guides, and it consists of an oscillating arm wi:h
an attached slide or roller moving in a fixed arc or on a curved surface, whereby a certtio
point on said arm is caused in its oscillation to describe a right line and produce a rectilinear
movement, as represented in the drawing, applied to the slide valve of a steam engine.

Claim. — The oscillating and longitudinally moving arms C, slide F, and stationary-arc
formed or curved guide//, the whole applied in combination with each other and with the
body whose motion is to be directed, substantially as and for the purpose herein speciiied.

No. 40,076.— R. W. and D. Davis, of New York, N. Y., assignors to Themselves, Daniel
AppLETONand Company, Joun Perkins, and Nehe^hah P. Stanton, all of same place,—
Improvement in Moulds for Casting Printing Type. — Patent dated September 22, 1863. — ^Tbe
uiould is made of a series of detached strips fastened by a connecting band and passed through
a box under a receiver filled with plastic material and.fitted with a plunger, wnereby the ma-
terial is pressed into the moulds and cut off by the knife from the receiver, the registering of
the moulds with the matrices being insured by projections on the mould.

Claim. — First, the construction of the mould in parts of a series of strips g g h h, fitted
loosely to and combined by a flexible and elastic connecting piece F, substantially as and for
the purpose herein specified.

Second, the combination of the tenons or projections j j, on each or any number of the
strips g gy and corresponding mortises or recesses in the matrix block or matrix strip, sub-
stantially as and for toe purpose herein specified.

Third, the mould slide D, receiver G, plunger G', and cut-off H, the whole applied in com-
bination with each other, and with the box A and cover B, substantially as and for the pur-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 121 of 164)