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are covered by a removable plate.

Claim, — ^First, in a cooking stove having an oblong fire-chamber A with pot-holes/* A' over
it, and a live air-chamber D D alongside with apertures e between, and a fire-fluo F extended
from the said fire-chamber first over the said air-chamber, as herein described, the removable
air-chamber cover i t, constructed in several parts and secured to the said air-chamber by
clamps k k, as and for the purposes herein set forth

Also, a cooking stove having two separate sub-air-chambers D D, arranged between an
oven L and a fire-chamber A, and communicating with the latter by apertures e e, and with
the open air by passages mm' separate from each other and from the main draught-chamber C,
and provided with independent dampers n n'j when a fire-flue F is exteuded from the said
fire-chamber along the said oven, and under pot-holes A Al A2 /i3 in a top plate G, substantially
as herein described.

No. 40,105.— Milton C. Jepfers, of New Tork, N. Y,— Improvement in Adding Ma-
chines. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — In this machine a series of wheels marked >vith
numbers is employed, and they are so combined together as to indicate the result of the manip-
ulations. The present improvement consists in combining with these wheels fixed hubs on
a central shaft, the hubs naving indentations, and verges or escapements attached to the
wheels, which work into the said indentations and cause each wheel to turn the wheel to the
left of it one-tenth the distance traversed by itself. \ ^

Claim. — ^The combination in an adding machine of the wheels B B, hubs C C, and verges
or escapements F F, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,106. — ^A. F. Jones, of Douglass, Worcester county, Mass. — Improvement in Regis-
tersfor Account Books. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — This is a circular revolving
bookcase, in which the books are arranged in such series as the nature and extent of the
business render desirable.

Claim. — The merchant's monitor, being circular to economize room, revolving for greater
convenience and to save steps, by bringmg the books round to the operator, with movable
cascs» and alphabetically and numerically arranged, essentially as above described.

No. 40,107. — Charles N. Jones, of Galway, Saratoga county, N. Y. — Improvement in
Planting Hoe. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — ^A 8e.ed -planter is attached to the back of
the hoe, with the sliding foot pointing downwards ; by tummg the hoe over, the-slide may bo
pressed on the ground, causing the seed-cell to rise above the cap and discharge the ^ram.

Claim. — The aiTangement of the foot £' at the lower end of the seed slide £, when the latter
works in a box C secured to the handle of a hoe A, in the manner and for the purpose shown
and described.

No. 40,108.— Charles Khichhof, of Newark, N. 3.-^ Alarm Chime Bells for Horses. —
Patent dated September 29, 1863. — The frame on which the bells are stispeuded is attached
to the harness of the horse, and affords an opening for the pa<»sage of the rein nng. The
clappers hang inside and out, suspended or supported, ana their action is prolonged by
springs. /-^ T

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694 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Claim, — First, the contrivance a «, or its equivalent, to attach and snpport on ot aWt
the horse a number of bells and clappers, or their respective equivalents, connected wiA
each other and With the contrivance, in the manner and for the purpose as specified.
Second, the combination of rein rings, or equivalents, with said contrivance, as set foitL
Third, the method to produce a peculiar harmonic prolonged alarm bj governing and ex-
tending the operation of the hammers or clappers and bells by means of springs or vibratiiq;
materials, and bj other devices described, and the manner in which these difi^rent parts sre
arranged and combined with each other, and also with the contrivance a a, as specified
herein.

No. 40,109.— Edward A. Locke, of Boston, Mass.— MicM^e of Auaehin^ LabeU to Bdu,
Sfc, — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — ^The carrier has a sharp point and an oblique aper-
ture in which the barb of an anchor pin is pla^d and thrust in the bale; on the withdrawal
of the carrier the barb slips out and tne anchor is left buried in the bale.

Claim. — ^ITie carrier A, when made with an end gradually tapering to a point, and preo-
dins^ the anchoring device, provision being made in or on the carrier for attachment thereimto
of the detachable anchor.

Also, so making the anchor that it may be attached to the side and near the point of tbe
barrier, so as to pass easily into the bale with the carrier, and be left therein on withdrawal
of the same.

No. 40,110.— Thomas R. Markillie, of Winchester, Scott county, Hl.^Improved ffa«li«f
Machine. — ^Patent dated September 29, 1863. — A furnace is attached to the under part of m
box to keep the suds wwnn. The squeezer is formed of two plates attached to pivoted arss
actuated by rods connected respectively to the opposite cranks of a double crank-shaft.

Claim. — First, the combination of the furnace C with the bottom plate of a washing ma-
chine, in the manner and for the purposes as described.

Second, the method of operating the travelling squeezer L, by means of the crank-shaft F,
pitman rod I, and swing arms h herein described, whereby the purposes set forth are effected
in a simple and efficient manner.

No. 40,111.— Edward Maynard, of Washinffton, D. C— Improvement in Cartridges.—

Patent dated September 29, 1863. — ^The forward end of the cartridge case is slit and the
tongues thus formed are pre-ssed down upon the wad which covers the shot.

Claim. — The formation of one or more clasping or retaining tongues in the upper rim of a
metallic cartridge by slitting the edge of the same, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,^ 12.— Edward Maynard, of Washington, D. C— Improvement in Metallic Car-
tridges. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — The string or other appliance for redacting the
cartridge is so attached to the case by a loop, knot, or insertion through the side as to lendtf
unnecessary the special strengthening of that part to enable it to endure the strain.

Claim. — C!ombining with a metallic or otherwise cartridge a suitable retracting arm, chain,
thong, or cord, in sucn a manner as to avoid the necessity of a distinct or unusaally thick
bottom thereto, substantially in the manner hereinbefore described.

No. 40,113. — George McGregor, of Cincinnati, Ohio. — Improvement in Car Seat LocL^
Patent dated September 29, 1863. — This consists of a lock case and a sliding spring-boU
which engages with a catch on the frame of the seat ; the bolt is withdrawn by a vibrating bit
operated by a hollow socket key. '

Claim. — The arrangement and combination of the case A, with lue j, and pin m, hollow
key 0, with double shouldered bit A;, and spring bolt B, all constructed and operating in tbe
manner and for the purpose shown and described.

No. 40,114.— T. Cato McKeen, of Dunkirk, Chautauqua county, N. Y.-^Imprtfted
Biting Apparatus. — ^Patent dated September 29, 186.J. — There is added to the ordinary divii^
dress a reservoir to contain compressed air sufficient to last the diver several hours : it i^
strapped to the dress and communicates with the interior of the latter by a pipe which has a
faucet. Expansible bags are attached to the shoulders, which are made buoyant by infladon
from tbe compressed-air reservoir.

Claim. — Fust, the employment of the independent air knapsack B, constructed and open*
ting substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein snown and described.

Second, the arrangement of the expansible buoys C, and secondary reservoir D, in com-
bination with the air reservoir B, and diving dress A, constructed and operating substantially
as and for the purpose described.

No. 40,115. — ^WiluaM Miller, of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Guard Attachment for
Locks. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — The key of the lock being so far rotated m to
bring the bit of the key to a horizontal position, a clasp is fitted to its handle and extending
into the key-hole so as to prevent the handle being rotated by gripping or other mechaniBia
from the outside.

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COMMISSIONER O^ PATENTS. 695

Claim, — ^Tho clasp D, constnicted sabstantially as shown, so as to be capable of bein^
fitted on the bore « of the key C, with one end in the keyhole E, as and for tne porpose set
forth.

No. 40,116. — A. MONNIER, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Separating Copper,
Nickel, and Cobalt, — ^Patent dated September 29, 1863. — ^The process consists in the treatr
ment of the sulphates of copper, nickel, and cobalt by the nse of chloride of sodium or other
chloride, which is added to the solution of the sulphate, a little in excess of what is necessary
to constitute equivalent for equivalent. The liquor is then concentrated by evaporation to
30^ B. and the sulphate of soda allowed to crystallize ; the metal is then obtained by precip-
itation from the mother liquor.

Claim, — ^The treatment of sulphates of copper, cobalt, and nickel, by means of chloride of
sodium or other compound of chlorine, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,117. — James Monteitu, of New York, N. Y. — Improved School Desk and Seat, —
Patent dated September 29, 1863. — ^The seat board is attached to the ends, which are pivoted
so that the board can be thrown up and over towards the rear, and catching^ upon the back
of the seat form a desk.

Claim, — So attachinj^ the board C to the settee or chair by pivots a a, or their eouivalents,
that it may be brought either to a position to form a seat or tumed-up back, ana over to a
position to form a desk, substantially as -herein specified.

No. 40,118.— James Perkins and William.H. Burnet, of Newark, N. J. — Improvement
in Steam Boilers, — Patent dated September 29, X863. — The tubular boiler is underneath the
rear half of the cylindrical boiler, and communicates therewith by vertical tubes. The
boilers are parallel ; the space between the forward end of the tubular boiler and the fire-
bridge of the furnace is arched to correspond with the upper portion of said boiler.

Claim, — First, the combination of the cylindrical boiler A with the boiler B and short
cylinders C C in such a manner that the position of B is horizontal and also parallel and
perpendicular to the boiler A, so that the steam generated in B will ascend in a perpendicular
line through C C to A, without obstruction.

Second, the combination of the tubular or other boiler B, with the horizontal partition £,
and extension thereof Q, substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.

Third, the combination of the boiler B with its setting E G and G\ substantially in the
manner and for the purpose described.

Fourth, the combination of the parts A B E F G and G', substantiaUy in the manner and
for the purposes described.

No. 40,119.— Isaac A. Pinnell, of Galva, Henry county, lih-^Improvement in Water Ele-
vators. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — The depression of the hand-lever forces the roller
shaft out of gear with the raising wheel and brines the spring, which acts as a brake, in contact
with the flan^ of the roller, so as to allow the DUcket to descend with the desired velocity.

Claim, — ^The forked hand-lever E and brake/, in combination with the drum A and wheels
C and D, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose herein shown and
described.

No. 40,120.— William Proctor and David C. Payne, of Elkhart, Elkhart county,
Ind. — Improvement in Potato- Diggers, — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — ^This machine is
mounted upon two driving wheels and a fore carriage, and the digging arrangement consists
of a frame armed in front with a share, and inclining downwards and forwards, being sus-
pended adjustably bv means of a segment rack and pinion on the main frame. The share is
provided on each siae with a rotary cutter, to sever the vines and weeds ; the potatoes arc
raised by the share, and, with their enclosing soil, pass back to the grated incline, through
the interstices of which pass the arms of revolving stirrers ; they then pass to an endless
apron, which delivers them to the box, a rake removing the lighter ofial which may have
been carried up with them.

Claim. — First, the employment or use in a potato-digger, in connexion with the plough-
share, as aforesaid, of rotary cutters U H, applied to each side of the ploughshare, to sever
stalks or weeds.

Second, the combination in a potato-digger, substantially as described, of a series of two
or more rovolving rakes J j, to carry the potatoes backward from the ploughshare and pul-
verize and separate the earth, in combination with the ploughshare G, as specified.

Third, the combination with the aforesaid rakes J j and inclined open frame 1 1 with a
plough G, constructed, arranged, and operating as specified.

Fourth, the combination with the gear frame D, constructed and operating as described,
of cogged segments F, shaft /, and lever F', for raising and lowering the same.

FifUi, the endless carrying apron K, constructed with alternate slats k k' of unequal width,
•nbstantially as and for the purposes specified.

Sixth, the combination with the endless apron K, when constructed as described, of the
zotary rake N «, operating in the manner and for the purposes specified.



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696 AKNUAL EEPORT OP THE

No. 40,121.— Robert B. Reynolds, of United States J^Skvj.-^Impropemeat is Bnoi-
loading Ordnance, — Patent dated September 29, 1^3. — ^This consists of a breech-pieee, wkick
slides verticallv from below, under the impulse of a lever and toggles, so as to form a naSi
block behind the charge. The leyer shaft is journalled in lobes extending* down from the le-
enforce band of the ^un, and the breech-piece is supported in its lower position by the con-
tact of the sides of the mortise in which the toggles work, with the rock-shaft.

Claim. — The arrangement with the exterior and lower portion of the gun of the lobei^^
rock-shaft C, toggle e g, stop f, and breech-piece B, operating together in the manner haein
shown and described.

No. 40,122.— A. H. Rowand, of Alleghany City, 'Ptu-'Improvement in Bmfer Sfiit^
for Railroad Cars. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — The springs are made ot concinoais
straps passing around the end points and forming a bulge in the middle, i^hich contains i
double convex tongue, impelled back and forth against the pressure of the spring by the im-
pulse on the draw-nead.

Claim. — First, a bumper or buffer composed of a series of overlapping plate metal spriBgi
so arranged as to form a continuous spring, and having a bulge or swell in the middle, a
smaller bulge at each end, and a contraction or neck between the l^ulges, when constraded
and operating substantially in the manner described, for the piu'poses set forth.

Second, the combination of the spring A, double convex tongue D, and draw-bar B, wbra
arranged and operating substantially in the manner described and for the purposes specified.

Third, th« combination of the spring A, double convex tongue D, and flanges P, in tbe
manner and for the purpose described.

No. 40,123.— Thomas Sharp, of Chicago, Ti\.—hnprov€ment in Car JT^ecZs.— Patent
dated September 29, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in making the wheels with flanges ab
both sides, the tread between the flanges being a little wider than the rails.

Claim. — Constructing a two-flangea car wheel of a single casting, when the outside flai^
is placed at such a distance from the inside flange that the wheel is adjusted to the two <uf*
ferent gauges hereinbefore described, substantially as heiein specified and sot forth.

No. 40,124.— Amos Shepard, of Plantsville, Hartford county. Conn. — Imprcvemeni iu
the Manufacture of Steel Traps. — Patent dated Sieptembor 29, 1863.- The journals or pivots
of the bait plate and of the pawl are cast in one piece with the base plate, to simpliff and
cheapen the manufacture.

Claim, — A steel trap having its base plate or base bar A, projections c, and arms, lournak,
or pivots e c of the bait plate B, and the pawl or catch C, all cAst in one piece, ana of mal-
leable cast iron, as herein specified.

No. 40,125. — Orlando Shepard, of Rochester, Lorain county, Ohio. — Improvement t»

JVater Elevators. — Patent dated September 29, 186iJ. — ^The windlass drum is of a double cooe
shape, with a cylindrical portion in the middle. On this both ends of the rope are attached,
winding on the same side and passing under the sheave of a pulley, to which the bucket is
suspended. By this means the bucket comes up with a certain side to the spout, aoastabe
tipped over without fail.

Claim. — The double cone C C of the windlass, with the double rope F F and pulley E,
when constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as and for the purpose set fortL

No. 40,126.— Jonathan Smead, of Pawlet, Rutland county, Yt.— Improved AutomM^
Feeder for Sugar Evaporators. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — This is designed lo
keep an equable height of water in the boiler, ana consists of a cistern with a float oper-
ating a valve on the end of an induction pipe, and also of a syphon communicating wi:ii
the cistern and the boiler. The valve is attached to the end of a lever, and the latter is id-
brated by being attached to the stem of the rising and falling float.

Claim. — ^The combination of the adjustable float B and the valve e and its lever C, or the
equivalents thereof, with the induction pipe D, the supplying cistern A, and the syphon G
applied to the latter, the whole being for the purpose and to be employed substantially ^
specified.

Also, the combination of the valve vessel E and the guard g with the induction pipe ana
the valve thereof.

Also, the syphon G, as made, with the air vessel k and the cup H, or with either, applies
to it, substantially as and for the purpose or purposes as specified.

•No. 40,127.— George R. Sivhth, of Dowagiac, Cass county, Mich. — Improvement in B»«^-
tfi^ Guides for Sewing Machines. — Patent issued September 29, 1863; antedated September
12, 1863. — ^The lower jaw is fixed, and the upper one is adjustable laterally and vertically,
so as to serve for applying binding of varying widths to cloths of various thicknesses; a
lining piece is attached to each of the jaws, and around the ends of these pieces the binding
is bent with its edges against the gukles, while the goods on which the binding is to be seHred
passes between the lining pieces.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 697

Claim. — ^The combination, in the manner herein shown and described, of the lining pieces
d d' and gniding strips i t with the laterally and vertically adjustable jaws a a\ slides j ^^
and plate A, all as set forth.

No. 40,128. — Robert Spencer, of Newark, N. J. — Improvement in Saddle or Sweat
Cloths,— P&i&at dated September 29, 1863.— The pockets are sewed to the saddle cloth, and
the latter is secured to the tree by slipping the pockets over the ends of the side plates before
the pommel and behind the cantle.

Claim, — First, the use of the pockets C C, or their equivalents, attached to the under part
or lining of the saddle, and wholly or partially covering the tree, and adjusted to be put on
or off, substantially in the manner &nd for the purposes described.

Second, the combination of A B and C, substantially in the manner and for the purposes
described.

No. 40,129.— Robert Spencer, of Newark, N. J,— Absorbing and Ventilating Sweat or
Saddle Cloth, — ^Patent dated September 29, 1863. — Out of the square cloth an elliptical piece
is cut, which, sewed together on the cut edges, gives the reauired shape for the withers and
back of the horse ; a liiung and padding being added, sweat holes are punched clear through
the fabric and the edges of the perforations secured.

Claim, — First, the ventilation of the saddle cloth by means of the distinct i)erforation8
P PPP paitially or entirely through the fabric, substantially in the manner and for the pu>
poses described. * .

Second, the parts A B and C, in combination with the perforations ppppi substantially
in the manner and for the purposes described.

No. 40,130.— William H. Sutton and James J. Gibson, of Brantford, Brant county,
province of Canada West. — Improvement in Grain Dryers, — ^Patent dated September ^,
1863. — A perforated metal plate is convoluted so as to form a series of concave troughs ; in
these parallel troughs are spiral conveyors which empty into a chute, from which the grain
falls into another trough of perforated metal, with a convevor in a position at right angles to
the former set. A furnace and fan provide a circulation of hot air through the apparatus.

Claim, — First, the perforated metal plate B, bent so as to form a series of parallel concaves
• a, in combination witn the spiral conveyors D and a kiln A, all arranged to operate substan-
tially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the conveyor J, placed within the perforated tube H, fitted within a close or tight
box I, and communicating with the chute G, in combination with a fan or other blast gen-
erating mechanism, all arranged substantially as shown, and, in connexion with the grain-
drying mechanism, to operate as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,131.— Daniel Tainter, of Worcester, Mass. — Improvement in Wool-carding
Machines, — Patent dated September 29, 1863.— The device described in the first claim is for
the pnrx>ose of saving expense in drilling, cutting, or coring the holes in the top or outside
flange. It consists m cutting notches or spaces in the arched pattern, so as to have an open
space where it is desired to put in the poppet head stems. The other device consists of ears
and projections on the wings and hooks upon the frame, whereby the former are attached to
th6 latter.

Claim. — First, the combination with the flange D, when cut or cored out as described, of
the peculiarlv constructed arch cap piece a, with its bead or moulding c, as and for the pur-
poses set forth.

Second, the combination of the ears t i and hooks or angular projections /, with the wings
or arms A or B and hooks or notches d', upon the mam frame I , for the purpose of rotaiuing
the wings or arms A or B in their proper or relative positions, as described.

No. 40,1^.— W. B. Treadwell, of Albany, n1 Y, - Improvement in Coal Stoves.— Fateni
dated September 29, 1863. ^This is a base burner stove, or one in which the combustion takes
place at the bottom of a body of coal which gradually descends, and the devices are explained
in the claim.

Claim. — First, constructing the fire-brick F with horizontal arched openings h /i, and ver-
tical openings A' h' conmiumcating therewith, substantially in the manner and for the pur-
poses (lescrined.

Second, arran^ng the fire-brick F, with its arched openings, in such a relation to the flue
H surroimding the supply cylinder G, and the descending flues E E surrounding the fiix;-pot,
that either a descending or ascending draught may be obtained by regulating the smgle
damper valve ft, substantially as set forth

Third, the cylindrical, flanged, metallic lining d, in combination with the fire-brick F, co]>-
structcd substantially as and Tor the purposes (foscribed.

Fourth, the circular plate grate K, constructed with concentric openings through it, in
combination with vertical fingers S S of a circularly vibrating rake, substantially as de^jcribed.

Fifth, constructing the illuminating door frame with a tongue on its inner surface, an 1 the
door box J, with a corresponding groove on its outer edge, in combination with the nut fas-



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698 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

tenlDg i jt as set forth, whereby n doseiy fitting tongue and groove joint is obtdned iHien
the door is closed, substantiuUy as described.

Sixth, the revolving or rocking agitator L, provided ivith projections m m on its sides, sftld
agitator being arranged at the base of the supply cylinder G, substantially as ami for tbe
purposes described.

Seventh, in a base burning stove having a supply cylinder G and a flaring fire-pot B, ia*
terposing between said cylinder and pot the pertbrated fire-brick lining, when the saiue if



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 123 of 164)