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arranged at the point where the combustion of the fuel takes place most rapidly, and is sop-
ported, directly or indirectly, by the fire-pot B and the cylinder A, substantially as described.

Eighth, the combination and arrangement of flue space H, supply cylinder G, chamber
B^ flues £ £, chamber D, fire-pot B, and arched fire-brick lining F, the whole operating
BttbstantiaUy as described.

No. 40,133.— S. F. Van Choate, of New York, N. Y,^ Improvement in Receiving Mtg-
nets. — Patent dated September 29, 1863. — Explained by the claim.

Claim, — First, locating the armature or vibrator of an electro-magnet, together with tbe
core within the coUs and^ concentrically. therewith, substantially in the manner hereinbefion
get forth.

Second, in combination with an armature located within the cylinder of the spool or coili,
the horseshoe magnet, so shaped that both of its ends are within the cylinder or the spool or
in line of its axis, substantially as set forth.

No. 40,134.— Antony Welsch, of Chicago, IW.—lmprovement in Railway Dumping Cm.
— Patent dated September 29, 1863. — ^I'he improvement consists in bending tbe shaft for the
friction rollers, so that it is used to brace the frame above and act as bearings for tbe dump-
ing box, and also for the rollers, so that the car can be used fur dumping on either sides or
ends, or the dumping box removed entirely.

Claim. — As my invention in the construction of dtmiping cars, the bearings H H re-
volving on the end of a bent shaft, that forms the axle for the friction roUers £ E, as andibr
the purposes herein described and set forth.

No. 40,135.— Joseph Weller, Washington Court House, Fayette county, Ohio.— F(»-
tain Pen, — Patent dated September 29, 18(3. — The ink is contained in a central tube, and is
admitted to the pen by the raising of a valve from its conical seat by means of a finger rod,
rocking arm, and valve rod, and the lifting of the ventage pin.

Claim, — ^The central rod B, provided with a conical shoulder or stopper 6, adapted to fit a
countersink in the converging tube a, in combination with the rocking lever C, rod D, and
helical spring £, when arranged to operate in tbe manner described.

Also, m combination with the above-described parts, the plug i, attached to the rod B, and
serving to open and close an air ventage in the fountain, in the manner and for the porpoae
described.

No. 40,136.— Anton Wiegand, of Philadelphia, V^— Improvement in Stopping Bottles.—'
Patent dated September 29, 1863. — A sectional collar is attached to the neck of the bottle;
to this is pivoted a bow which is elevated above the mouth of the bottle, and a cap screwed
down upon the cork.

Claim. — The employment, for the purpose specified, of the device described, the same con-
sisting of the collar £, swinging bow D, screw B, and cap C, constructed land applied to-
gether to a bottle, so as to operate substantially in the manner described and set forth.

No. 40,137. — Samuel H, Young, of St. Lonis, Mo,^ Improvement in Ccj^ws.- Patent
dated September 29, 1863. — ^Tho coffin is made of wood j the lower joints are tightened witb
blocks, the upper with a drop mbbet joint ; the boards are treated with a composition imper-
vious to gases. Attached to the outside of the coffin is a box containing deodorizing mate-
rial, through which the gases evolved in the decay of the corpse are compelled to pass, and
are thereby rendered inoffensive.

Claim, — First, arranging the deodorizing chamber on the outside of the coffin body instead
of within it, in the manner and for tbe purpose described.

Second, the combination of the external deodorizing box with the wooden coffin made
air-tight, by the means herein above set forth.

No. 40,138.— William E. Arnold, of Rochester, N. Y., assignor to H. G. Arnold and
J. H. Castle. — improvement in Window Sash Locks, — ^Patent dated September 29, 1863.—
This lock is intended for balanced sash, one part being applied to the face of the upper sasbi
and the otlier to the top of the lower sash, in such a manner as to retain them relatively is
any position, open or closed.

Claim. — The slide D D, or its equivalent, in combination with the tumbler C, and catch-
box A, and upright B, substantially as herein set forth and described and for the purposet
herein named.

Also, the guide O and stop S, or their equivalents, arranged with the tumbler C, the
whole combined with the box A, substantially as and for tho purposes sot forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 699

No. 40,139.— William E. Arnold, of Rochester. Monroe county, N. Y., assiffnor to H.
G. Arnold and J. H. Castle. — Improvement in fVindow Sash Locks, — Patent aated Sep-
tember 29, 1863. — Tbis invention dbnsists in such an arrangement of a box and adjustable
bolt that it may operate with a combined horizontal and vertical movement, form at pleasure
a right or left-hand fastener, be irremovable by pressure on the outer end, and by an
adjustable joint be adaptable to any width of sash.

Claim. — The combination of the. joint B or B B, nib A, grooves G and F, or their equiva-
lent, for the purpose of perfecting a combined horizontal and gravity motion to the bolt, and
at pleasure to form either a right or left-hand fasten or Jock, the whole being made,
arranged, and combined with the box, substantially as herein set forth and described, to
hold Uie sash up or down.

Also, the notch E or G, in combination with nib A, or its equivalent, and joint B or B B,
for the purpose of securing the bolt when down from being pusned inward or upward bv any
pressure that may be brought to bear upon the outer end of it, substantially as hcrem set
forth and described.

Also, the adjustable joint B B, when arranged with the bolt and box, fof the purpose of
varying the length of the bolt to the dififerent widths of sash, as herein. set forth and
descril^.

No. 40,140.-~C. B. Con ANT, of Sprin^eld, Mass., assignor to Himself and John D.
Eaoar, of same place. — Improved Machine for Turning Irregular Forms, — !^atent dated
September 29, 1^63. — This lathe is constructed for turning irregular forms by a pattern, all
its motions being automatic, and also cutting tenons at the same operation. The pattern and
blank are chucked between heads, and a guide roller follows the varying shape of the pat-
tern, and controls in that respect the revolving cutter, which traverses the length of the
blank by the action of the feed screw. The particulars of the devices for automatic action
and adjustment cannot be described intelligibly within these brief limits.

Claim, — Combining the tenon machine with the lathe in such a manner that both shall be
operated simultaneously, and that 'one shall so control the motions of the other that the
operation of each shall be performed at the propef time, for the purpose of turning out com-
plete articles on which round as well as straight work is to b^e done, substantially in the
manner and for the purpose herein described.

Also, in combination with the vertical carriage A', the adjustable tenon cutters C and
belt pulleys G' H' I' K' and F', when constructed and operated substantially in the manner
and tor the purpose described.

Also, the arrangement of the lever 6, with its links, connecting rods and jaws M', for the
purpose of opening and closing said jaws on the endless screw N\ which operates the tenon
carriage, substaniialiy in the manner and for the purpose herein described.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the sliding cam 12 and bolt^, and the devices
to operate it, with the lever K, for the purpose of automatically closing the jaws L upon the
screw H, to operate the lathe carriage at the proper time, substantially in the manner herein
• described.

Also, connecting the lever R of the polishing-wheel cutter frame L and lever ti of the '
friction wheel W, by means of the adjustable rods s and x y, substantially in the manner
and for the purpose described.

No 40,141. — ^Albro S. Dow, of Cedarville, Herkimer county, N. Y., assignor to Himself
and Elijah W. Wilcox, of same place. — Improvement in Neck Yokes and Whiffletrtes: —
Patent dated September 29, 1863. — The central clip enclosing the neck yoke is made in two
pieces, divided in a line parallel to the plane of the tongue-ring ; these pieces are united by
screws enclosing a disk of leather, which slips over the end of the tongue.

Claim, — The combination of the leather or other packing D with the ring B, made in two
parts and united by the screws d d' d" d"\ or their equivalents.

Also, the combination of the tubular or cylindrical {K>rtion made in two parts, as described,
with either a neck yoke or whiffletree, substantially as and in the manner set forth.

No. 40,142. — ^Halvor Halvorson, of Cambridge, Mass., assignor to Charles Spear,
of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Projectiles for Ordnance. — Patent dated September 29,
1863.— The projectile nas a concavity in the front and rear ; the laHor has spiral channels in
it, which terminate at the point where the cylindrical shot is diminished in circumference.
A base plate, with packing, occupies the rear concavity, and the wind, in ramming home of
the shot, escapes through the spiral orifices and the central channel in the shot.

Claim, — Allowing the escape of the air on the rauuning homo of the shot, and preventing
windage by diminisbing the diameter of the shot at or near its base, in combination with the
packing and base plate and the air channels and openings, substantially as set foith.

No. 40,143.— John X. Katzeni^iayer, of Xew York, N. Y., assignor to Himself and Wil-
I.IAM P. MOTO. — Improvement in the Preparation of the Roots of Plants for Useful Purposes. —
Paten^ dated Septemher 29, 1863.— The invention consists in the application of the roots of
certain grasses to the purpose of makine brushes, brooms, and analogous articles. The
passes considered suitahie are several of tho Andropogons and other wild varieties.



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700 ANNUAL EEPOBT OP THE

Claim. — As a now mAnufactnre, preparing or troating and utilizing, snbstantiaUj in tbe
manner herein described, the roots of plants or shrubs of the character hereinbefore referred
to, for tlie purpose of making it available for the produAion of brushes, besoms, and other
like implements.

Also, as a new article of manufacture, brushes, besoms, and other like implements made
Bubstantiallj in the manner hereinbefore described, of the roots of phmts or shrubs of the
character hereinbefore referred to.

No. 40,144.— George Lloyd, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Edward Borie and
Alexander Mackib, of same T\ace.— Cork-Cutting Machine.— P&tent dated September 29,
1863. — The blocks of cork are clamped between the serrated faces of the opposite spindles,
which are revolved bj gearing, and approached and receded to grasp the block, and free it
again after if has passed the cutting wheel as it rotated and revolved in its orbit.

Claim — First, the annular revolving knife £, when the same is applied to the cattbgof
corks, substantially as described.

Second, in combination with the said annular knife, an j desired number of spindles. K and
W, whereby the blocks of corks are held and turned as described, for the purpose specified.

Third, the disks I and I' on the tubular spindle A, the plates J and J' attached to tbe
disk, the segments L and L', secured to the shaft G, which passes through the said tubular
epindle A, the whole being arranged for carrying and operating any convenient numb<»' of
spindles K with cog-wheels e, substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the spindles K, each being provided with a roller c, or its equivalent, and a spiral
spring /, in combination with the bent plate M, or its equivalent.

No. 40,145.— J. R Murphy, of Pittsburg, Pa., assignor to Alexander Speer, of same

?lace. — Improvement in Self-Locking Window Hinge. — Patent dated September 29, 1863.—
'his device is intended to lock the window blind open, and consists of a cam-shaped socket
piece on the window blind and a shoulder on the pintle, so that when the blind is sufficiently
rotated the shoulder drops into the notch and retams the blind in position.

Claim. — The combination with the two parts of a hinge, the shoulder i upon tbe pivot pin,
and the cam-shaped or eccentric opening, and the shoulder formed in the wall thereof, f(ff
the nurpose of locking a shutter or door back, and at the same time concealing the locking
mechanism, substantially as described.

No. 40,146.— George H. Phillips and Wm. H. Johnson, of Troy, N. Y., assignors to
Anson Ingraham, of Centre Cambridge, N. Y., George H. Phillips aforesaid, and Wit
H. Ingraham, of Troy, N. Y. ^Improvement in Stove Grates.— Fatent dated September '29,
1863. — The grate has two bearings, one on the ring and the forward one in a slot in the
stove base ; both journals have a lateral bearing in lugs on the ring.

Claim. — Firat, a fire grate A, having two shanks or journals, of which only one b is sap-
ported by a ring D surrounding the grate, and the other one c by a bearing separate from
and outside of the said ring, the latter beine mounted on an annular or open base £, oud *
connected with both of the said grate shants by lateral bearings A A t i, substantially a*
herein set forth.

Second, the combination of a perforated slide g and slotted c^ng L with a grate A, harinf
two supporting shanks b c and a ring D mounted on a suitable open base E, and provideo
with lateral bearings A A 1 1 for both, and a supporting bearing m for only one of the said
grate shanks, substantially as herein described, with or without a fixed grate shank bearing/

No. 40,147.— John Rozell, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Felix Campbell and
Henry Y. Davison, of same place. — Improved Fire RegtUator.—F&tont issued September
29, 1863; antedated September 11, 1863.— This hollow piston is acted upon by the steam
from below to raise a weighted lever which actuates a rotating 6amper in the chimney so as
to regulate the draught. The lower side of the piston is packed by an elastic ring between
it and a screw disk ; the upper side of the piston is guided in the chamber by friction rollers,
and the supportiog rod reaching between the piston and the lever is point^jd at each end
where it impinges on its bearings.

Claim. — First, the combined hollow piston and piston rod D H E, with the cup-shaped
packing/, all constructed and operating substantially in the manner described.

Second, the combination with the upper and smaller head H of the hollow piston of A«
guide rollers c, arranged and operating substantially as described.

Third, in combination with the hollow piston rod D, the pointed rod J, lever K, and
weight L, constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as sot forth.

No. 40,148.— Hiram Smith, of Worcester, Mass., assignor to Jesse A. Locke, of Wate^
town, Mass. — Improvement in Machine for Drying Wool. — Patent dated September 29, 1863.
— The apparatus consists of a trough with a central longitudinal depression in which a to
is rotated. The fan extends the whole length of the trough and drives the air up throo^
a horizontal system of steam pipes and through the perforated bottom of the tray in Whi«t
the wool is spread.



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C0MMIS8I0NEE OP PATENTS. 701

Claim. — The nsc, in wool-drying machinery, of an elon^ted fan extending throughout
the whole length of the air chamber and operating substantially as described.

Also, the distributing bocurd H, arranged and operating in the manner and f9r the purposo
substantially as set forth. •

No. 40,149. — Porter L. Sword, of Adrian. Lenawee county, Mich., assignor to George
S. Tiffany, of Palmyra, Mich.-— Ttfc Back and Cm/- O/.— Patent dated September 29, 1863.—
The sliding rack is moved to and from the dies of a tile machine, carrying the belts upon
which the continuous tile is received ; the latter is cut by a wire which is strained in a
frame hinged to move vertically in a plane transverse to the motion of the belts, and as it
traverses with them cuts at a right an^ie.

Claim, — The combination of the sliaing rack with the stationary frame, when arranged to
operate substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40,150 —John L. Treat, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Himself and Martin C.
Millar, of Orriskany Falls, N. Y. — Improvement in Cheese Presses. — Patent dated Septem-
ber 29, 186^.— The pressure of the cheese upon the lower jaw is communicated by means of
the downwardly projecting arm attached to the said jaw to tho lever, whoso upper end
coming in contact with the rear end of tho pivoted upper jaw presses the other end down
upon the cheese.

Claim.— The combination of the three levers B F E, E2 and G^« constructed in the man-
ner described, the firat two forming clamp jaws, and the whole operating together to consti-
tute an automatic press, as and fur the purpose specified.

No. 40,151.— John H. Wichmann, of Oldenburg, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Ger-
many, assignor to Henry Schroder, of same place. — Improvement in Breech-loading Fire-
arm.- Patent dated September 29, 1863. — The breech piece is hinged to the upper part of
the barrel, and is vibrated upwards by the motion of an external lever and the en^g^ment
of a cam piece with a pin on the breech piece ; it is locked down tightly against the rear of
the barrel by means of the rotation of the cut-away shaft against the side of the hollow in
the lower side of the breech piece.

Claim. — In combination with a hinged breech piece, recessed on its lower side, the cut-
away shaft, and lever D, for the purpose of throwing up said breech piece to load the arm,
allowing it to return to its seat, and firmly locking it there, substantially as and for the pur-
poses herein described.

No. 40,152. — Philip Beckm.\n, of Naperville, Dupage county, Dl. — Improved Harness
Snap. — ^Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in the arrangement of
the parts of a snap-hook; the snap, with its knob bed point; the spring attached to tho
shank in a reverse direction and impinging on the point of the hook, and a stop to arrest the
link or ring attached, if it passes the spring.

Claim. — A snap having the spring b applied to its shank in a reverse direction and pro-
, Tided with a guard d and stop e, to operate in combination with smd spring, substantially
as and for the purpose shown and described.

No. 40,153.— George W. Billings, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Bullet for
Fire-arms.— Pektent issued October 6, 1863; antedated September 21, 1863. — ^This bullet is
formed with a deep cylindrical hollow extending from the rear forward around a central
stem ; in this is fitted a metallic plug with a chamfered shoulder when it impinges upon the
side of the opening ; between these surfaces, at the point of contact, is an elastic annular
fiance, which expands and expresses into the rifle grooves of the gun by the compression of
the discharge.

Claim. — ^I'be bullet A. in combination with the plug B and the flanged ring C, substan-
tially as described and set forth.

No. 40,154.— George W. Billings, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Process of Hotting .
Hemp and F/ai.— Patent issued October 6, 1863; antedated September 21, 1863.— The in-
vention consists in treating the hemp or flax with warm liquid under pressure, and using the
same liquor again, with the addition of warm water.

Claim. — The enclosing the flax and hemp in a tank with warm liquid under pressure, sub-
stantially as described and set forth.

Also, the use of the liquid from jjrevious operations by mixing tho same with warm water,
substantially as described and set forth.

No. 40,155. — George W. Billings, of New York, N. Y. — Flax and Hemp Drying Frame. —
Patent issued October 6, 1863; antedated September 21, 1863. — ^The .'nvention consists of
three converging standards, fastened at top and at a point midwav by hoops, with a loose
hoop fitting nearly down upon the lower one to clamp the hanks of hemp.

Claim. — The frame AAA and hoops B B, in combination with the loose hoop C, substan-
tially as described and set forth.



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702 ANNUAL UEPORT OP THE

No. 40,156.~Jame8 Bing, of Philadelphia, Ftk.— Improved Shoe for Car Bredb.— Pattut
dated October 6, 18(>3. — This invention consists in the method of hanging the sde upon the
shoe so that it may have some lateral motion, being attached to the shoe at the upper peiat
of suspen<*ion, and at the loe of the shoe by impingement, the shoe being attacbod to At
mbber bar bv a pin.

Claim. — i irst, the shoe A and sole B, both being constracted and adapted to each otha
Bubstantiallj as described, so that the sole can have a lateral rocking movement on the shn
for the purpose specified.

Second, the combination of shoe A, sole'B, clevis D, and bolt G, the whole b«ng coo*
stmcted and arranged sobstantiallj as specified.

No. 40,157.— Clarissa Bkitain, of St Joseph, Berrien connty, Mich. — Tmprovematn
Boilers,— Vtiteui dated October 6, 1863.— This boiler is double, consisting of inner and oBtcr
detached boilers; the inner one has a perforated bottom, and stands on feet with a flange or
rim at its upper edge in contact with tne inside of the outer boiler. The outer boiler is pro-
vided with a tightly-fitting cover, and a centnU lid or hole for the introduction of a momk
steam escape pipe.

Claim. — First, the ordinary form of inner kettle E, when constructed with a perionted
bottom, flange rim c, closely fitting but removable cover G and steam lid A, as an anxiliaiy
to a potato-boiling kettle C, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Second, combining with the two kettles C and E, constructed substantially as set f«A.
the removable steam escape pipe D, cover C, and lid «, arranged and operating substantiaOj
as described.

Third, providing the kettle £ with hooked legs <f, for the purpose described.

No. 40,158.— J. Chenoweth, of Fort Wayne, Iti.'-Improvement in Riding Saddlet,-
P^ktent dated October 6. 1863. — This invention consists of a strip on each side attached to
the pommel by a wide staple, and at the under side of the cantle to C-shaped springs, wboee
fast end projects under the side plate.

Claim. — A riding saddle, provided on each side with a spring E bent in C-shape, sad
connected at ita loose end with the pommel B by means of tne flat seat strip D, aU in tha
manner shown and described.

No. 40,159.— Edgar Chipman, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Washing, Wringing, ewi
Mangling Machines. — ^Patent dated October 6, 1863.*-Suspended upon standards is a penda-
lous semi-cylindrical suds-box to standards, on the sides of which are attached counterpobx
weights. Beneath the bottom of this suds-boz is a traversing bed supported by rollers jow
nailed to the main standards of the machine.

Claim. — ^The combination of the counterpoised oscillating suds-boz A with the roller C
and the rollers C C, or equivalent bearings, and sliding bed D, all arranged to operate in tk
manner substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,160.— D. A. Danforth and D. C. Payne, of Elkhart, Ia.— Improved Stmmp Ei-
tractor. — Patent dated October 6, 186:J. — This consists of an adjustable upright frame with
self-adjusting posts on each side, oscillating, as rec^uired, upon a pivoted nin^ attached to
horizontal sills, and a roller above the frame, to which are attached self-adjusting arms op-
erating as levers to raise the stump under the draught of a rope rove through pulleys and
over shears. The attachment is made to the stump by a chain and a loose pear-shaped
ring, the narrow part of which retains the bite of the chain, while the other part allows it to
run freely.

Claim. — First, an upright oscillating frame constructed so as to move forward and backward
in such a manner that the stump can be removed from its bed by the operation of the forward
movement of said frame and cany the stump with it.

Second, in combination with the arms K and M and roller H the chain B, adapted to the
stump by means of the loose ring Z, in the manner and for the purposes herein di^scribed.

Third, the arrangement and combination of the oscillating upright frame B with its roller
H, adjustable posts E, and arms K and M, arranged and combined as herein described and
for the purposes set forth.

Fourth, a stump extractor having an upright oscillating frame constructed so as to uKyre



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 124 of 164)