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forward and backward, operated and combined with the stationary block v, rope x, andpnl'
leys P P P and L, on the arms K and M, for the purposes of extracting and removing mm
their beds stumps and trees, in the manner and for the purposes herein described.

No. 40,161.— John Davis, of Council Hill Station, Jo Daviess county, III.— /mjprweiwst
in Sash Holder. ^PAteni dated October 6, 1863.— Arms attached to the sash have pulleys
which traverse in spiral grooves in cylinders, to which springs are applied to counteroalsnce
the weight of the sash.

Cteifn.-^The cylinder C, one or more, provided with a spiral groove h, in which pullom
on arms k, attached to the sashes, work m combination with the springs £, connected witk
the cylinders, and all arranged to operate as and for the purpose herein set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. ' 703

No. 40,162.— Martin C. Easterly, of Antwerp, Jefferson connty, N. Y.— Improved
MetaUie Boot and Shoe //««/.— Patent dated October 6, 186'3.— This is a metallic shell secured
to the heel bj screws, and a follower plate closing tho hollow of the shell and screwed to the
latter.

Claim, — A metallic heel for boots and shoes composed of a shell A, of the proper form or
shape, havinff a top plate a, at a short distance below the sides and back of the shell, and
the latter having horizontal projections b within it, with a bevelled inner surface below them,
against which a plate B, having a bevelled edge, is secured bv screMrs e, the shell or heel A
being secured to the sole bj screws d'^ which pass through the top a, substantially as set
forth.

No. 40,163.— William A. Fitch, of Brooklyn, N. Y. - Improvement in Ripping Instru-
ments, — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^This instrument is designed to jun down a seam to
cut the stitches ; it has a sharp and a blunt projection on the end and between them a cutter ;
the sharper projection is introduced between toe folds of the cloth where the seam is in the
form of a hem, and the tendency of the rounded surface is to keep the cloth from the cutter
while the latter encounters the stitches.

Claim, — In a ripping instrument the separator e and cutter «, substantiallv as sot forth,
and in combination therewith the projection b and mouth ^, for the purposes and as specified.

No. 40,164. — Qeorge S. Fowxes, of. New Castle, Me. — Improvement in Apparatus for
Supporting and yentUating Wounded Limbs, — Patent dated Octooer 6, 1883. — This apparatus
is intended to support the body and limbs of a patient, and by a bridge-support to bring a
chamber of ice water in the neighborhood of the wound.

Claim, — First, the rubber L, arranged in the manner and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, tho water and ice reservoir P, in combination with the rods n, rods o, the legs </,
and the concave G, the wholei constructed and arranged as herein set forth.

No. 40,165. — Joseph Fret, of Battle Creek, Calhoun county, Mich. — Improved Cross-
cut Sawing Machine, — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^This frame is pivoted to the standards
of the machine and raised and lowered by means of a lever; it has liKewise a hineed exten-
sion bar ; their object is, bv means of the guides which project below them to raise, lower,
and preserve from lateral deflection the pitman and saw.

• Claim, — ^The pitman guide attached to the movable arms L L, and saw guide attached to
a bar A, moving on the ninge, as represented in tho drawings, in combination with the lever
G, for raising and lowering the same at pleasure, and eSao for holding the same up by
bringing said lever under the cross-bar F, while adjusting the log.

No. 40,166.— Allen Goodman and Lorenzo Hale, of North Dana, Masa.-^ Improvement
in Piano-Forte Legs, — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The core of the piano leg, of an
octagonal or other shape, is cased with pieces, the grain of which is tangential to the circle,
inscribed within the octagon or other figure bounding its sectional area.

Claim. — A piano-forte or billiard-tablo leg having at any desired point or points on its
periphery a number of pieces of wood with their grain running circumferentially around the
leg or at right angles to the axis thereof, and at or about at right angles with tho grain of the
pieces of wood which constitute the body or principal part ot the leg, as herein set forth.

No. 40,167. — A. Hammond, of Jacksonville, Morgan county, 111. — Improvement in Moulds
for CasHng Chilled RoUers.—Vaieni dated October 6, 1863.— The metallic middle flask, which
chills and gives form to the periphery of the roller; is sustained at each end by a sand flask
in which are located sockets and plates which form the flange and journals of the roller.

Claim, — ^The mould composed of the cylindrical middle flask or chill A, and the two flasks
B C, made with sockets e e, and plates d dy faced to fit the flanges of A, the whole combined,
substantially as and for the pur{x>se herein specified.

No. 40,168.— Charles A. Hardy, of Pittsburg, Pa.— /mvTVMmenf tii Oil 5<t2/«.— Patent
issued October 6, 1863; antedated September 25, l^XA, — ^The ooiler is cylindrical and is heated
by a bed of steam or hot water in its false bottom.

Claim, — ^The use of a cylindrical still, (for distilling coal oil without tho direct application
of a furnace,) such still having an inner or false bottom, forming a hot-air or steam space on
ihe under side of tho still, substantially as described.

No. 40,169.— Daniel Hussey, of Nashua, Hillsboro county, N. U.— Improvement in Flyers
for Spinning Machines. — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The iniprovement is in the shape
of the flyer, which is made, as described, with the four flexures where it bends to the head
and base, and b^ its construction rendering unnecessary a separate base piece.

Claim, — ^The improved flyer, made substantially as described, viz., with the flexures efgh
in each leg, or with the same and having the legs lapped, formed, and connected at the base,
mibstantially as specified.



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704 ' ANNUAL EEPOBT OP THB

No. 40,170.— George P. Joiwson, of Marshall, Heory county, low^— 'Improvement k
Sheep Shears. — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The rod or guard is attached at its back end
to tne bow and in the centre of the elliptic spring ; it then passes along below the blades and
projects a little beyond their points, keeping the blades from actual contact with the hide of
the sheep.

Claim, — A sheep shears provided with a rod or g^rd P, substantially as herein set fortL

No. 40.171.— George W. King, of Perth Amboy, Bfiddlesex county, N. J.—Arii$t$'
Ea$el. — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^This consists of a standard and foot, the former
bavinj^ a central vertical bar and a traversing socket and lever, by means of which the platf
form for the picture is adjusted to any height as required.

Claim. — The application of the lever C, in combination with the grooved bars B' B" aod
slides D D^ substantially as set forth.

No. 40,172.— T. S. Lambert, of Peekskill, Westchester county, N. Y. — ImprorementU
Boilers. — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The furnace sets on a lower level than the boiler,
and the latter connects with the jacket around the former, the water being deflected bj a
division plate and a current established, by which all parts of the surfikce of the furnace an
reached by the water.

Claim. — First, the application of the partition i so as to increase the surface upon which
the water acts in passing from the boiler between the cylinders back to the boibr, substan-
tially as set forth.

Second,, the application of the hood C so as to increase the surface upon which the heat
produced in the furnace acts, substantially as set forth.

Third, the combination of thd boiler A, furnace B, and the hood C, in the manner and for
the purposes substantially as set forth.

No. 40,173.— T. 8. Lambert, of Peekskill, Westchester county, N. Y. — Improved Hat
Rack. — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^Attached to a wall-piece "or standard are pivoted
brackets provided with hooks.

Claim, — ^The combination of the hooks D, the brackets C, and the frame B, substantiallj
88 set forth.

No. 40,174.— T. S. Lambert, of Peekskill, West Chester county, N. Y.— /mprowmoit
in Cooking Stoves, — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The improvements in the grate-rest con-
sist of devices to regulate the quantity of coal burnt, and the position where it shall bora
most vividly, by means of a gyrate-rest slide and a half-grate slide ; an upper slide in tbe
oven, carrying suspended hooks for hanging up meat and slipping tbe suspend^ jomts in
and out; a bracket, fitting the upper back part of the stove, to sustain the reservoir; a
damper in the opening immediately below the latter ; and a hot closet at the back of tiw
stove, with double sides.

C/aim.— 'First, the application of the slide A to the bottom of the grate-rest, substantially
as set forth.

Second, the application of thd slide d to the half of the under surface of the grate, substan-
tially as set fortn.

Third, the combination of the grate-rest slide and the g^te slide <f, substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the combination of the hooks D, the slide c, and the slide-rests P, substantially
as set forth.

Fifth, the application of a movable bracket to the upper back part of the stove, substan-
tially as set forth, for the purpose of sustaining the reservoir boiler.

Sixth, the constiTiction of the opening and slides in the upper part of the back, within an
extendeid bracket, for admitting heat directly to the reservoir, substantially as set forth.

Seventh, the combination of the bottom and side jackets with the reflecting baker, sob-
stantiaily as set forth.

No. 40,175.— Carl Oscar Lukdbero, of Chicago, JXl,— Improved CAair.— Patent dated
October 6, 1863. — Explained by the claim.

Claim, — ^The foot-frame B, when applied to a chair having a front elevation of about thiity
degrees, substantially as set forth ana specified.

No. 40,176.— LooMis G. Marshall, of Philadelphia, Fa,— Improved Roek-driU.—Vti^DX

dated October 6, 1863. — ^This tool is for the purpose of making an enlargement at the bottom

of a hole, in order to increase the effect of a blast of powder. The end of the drill is divided

into three pieces, the two outside portions being pivoted to the centre, and so shaped at their

" ends OS to expand as they are driven into the hole.

Claim. — The arrangement of the drill itself with the blades or wings to expand, makiiig
the excavations at the bottom to hold a large quantity of powder.

No. 40,177.— Robert Massey, of Philadelphia, 1^&,— Improved Felloe Machine.— PaieB^
dated October 6, 1863. — ^This machine is adapted to cut from a plank segmental strips, to be



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comnssioinBs of fatents. 705

ised in fonninff feiDoet for wheels. The feilow are oat hy two xedproeating sawt, whose
distance apart cbtennines the width of the felloe. The dittance U regulated by sliding blocks.
The bed on which the plank is clamped is caosed to rotate on a central shsit, whioh forms
the centre of circles, of which the saws describe ares.

Claim, — First, two reciprocating saws L and L', in oombtnation with the devices herein
described, or the equivalents to the same, for holding the plank, and causing the same to
move in the arc of a circle, for the purpose snecified.

Second, the blocks i i* i" and i"\ arrangea for securing the saws, and a^iusting the some
on the saw-frame to suit felloes of different sizes, substantially as set forth.

Third, the reciprocating saws L and L^ in combination with the table or platform M and
rollers P, the wnole being arranged and operating substantially as and lor the purpose
described.

Fourth, the adjustable and yieldfaig arm p, when arranged in respect to the saws, and for
bearing on the plank, substantially as set forth.

Fifth, the weighted arm T, with its roller u, when arranged for bearing on the plank, sub-
stantially as described, for the purpose specified.

Sixth, the rack 20, furnished with the jaws herein described, or their eauivalents, for hold-
ing the plank, in combination with the sliding frame 13 and shaft 12, the whole being ar-
ranged to so operate that the rack can be moved forward definite distances, and at the same
time be so turned that the plank can be moved in the arc of a circle, as described.

Seventh, the adjustable stops 17 and 18 and ra<^ 20, in combination with the pawl 28 and
the intermediate devices, or their equivalent, wbeceby the said steps aie eaosed to operate
the pawl and move the rack, in the manner described.

Eighth, the lever 33, arranged and operating for locking the rack, substaaiially as de-
scribed.

Ninth, the sliding block 50, arranged and operating for maintaining the lever 33 out of
gear with the rack during a portion of the movement of the machine, as set forth.

Tenth, the arm 39, sliding rod 36, its hangers 40 and 41, when arranged for <^>eniling the
weighted lever 43, and through the latter and other f^pliances herein described, or their -
equivalents, for reversing the motion of the plank.

No. 40, 178.— HEimT Messer, of Eoxbury, Norfolk county, Mass.— /sij^roMaiMl t» C^lofnc
£iWMs«.— Potent dated October 6, 1863.— Explained by the clainu

Claim, — ^The introduction of steam into the furnace of a hot-air engine, in which pressnie
is maintained, when the steam is entered in immediate juxtapoeiti<m with the incandescent
fuel for the purpose of wholly decomposing it into its constituent gases, and mingling them
with the compressed heated air and gaseous products of combustion within the furnace.

Also, regulating the speed of hot-air engines, by automatically controlling the amount of
steam admitted into the furnace, with a valve in uie steam-pipe connected with the furnace,
when said valve is actaated by the engine r^^ulators.

No. 40,179.— Bbhjamin F. Nbal, of Ponltney, Rutland county, Vt— /mvrowmsiK in
Cttrry-MMR^s.— Patent dated Cktober 6, 1863.— The eUim and drawing explain the invention.

CUim. — ^The combination of. a swaged or eomigated sheet-metal back plate and single
sheet-metal teeth-bars, with strai^ Mck edges, in cmrry-combs. The swaoings or eorm-
g^ations of the back plate to be of sufficient depth to brace and support the teeth-Mrs without
side projections on them. The swagings or corrugations of the back plate to be cut through
on aline with the teeth-bars, and in depth down to the surfisce of ih» back plate, and of suffi-
cient width for the thickness of the teeth-bant, into which the edges of the teeth-bars are
placed and headed down on the opposite side, within the concavities of the back pl%^

Also, swaging the dovetailed groove in the back plate to receive the handle^ank be»
tween it and the teeth-bars, so that when the teeth-bars are fastened to the back plate the
lumdle-shonk is firmly secured to the other parts of the comb, without other fastening.

No. 40,180.— T. £. North, of McAlfisterville, Juniata county, Vtk.^Jfmvro9ed iratkimg
Machine, — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — Within the semi-cylindrical suas box is a con-
cave, partly a corrugated washboard and partly a floor of rollers ; above it, in a swinging
firame, is a revolving series of rollers; and above that, again, is a rubbing surface pivotd to
the swinging frame.

Claim, — ^The washboard A and the concave made of rollers B, combined with the swing-
ing, revolving, rolliug cvlinder, the two adjustable phis N between frame H and cylinder J,
ana the concave top rubber M, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,181.— Lawrence CVBriev, of Indianc^olis, lnA,-'Impro9ement in Carding Ma-
chine.— Fatont dated October 6, 1863. — Below the main cylinder of the cording machine is
a revolving endless apron which collects the waste fallmg from the former and returns it to
the machine by means of the cylinder rotating in connexion therewith.

Claim,— 'The arrangement of the roll D, betiween the endless f^ronand ^maiii cylindar
A, substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and described.

H. Ex. Doc 60—45 ^ .

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706 AKNUAL KKPOftT OF ¥flB

No. 46,182.— F. B. OUVBR, of N«w York, N. T, - Improvement in Belt Hocks.— V^bai
dated October 6, 1863. — Two wires or flexible straps of metal are looped together or to arisg,
and being carried back are passed through holes, received and clinched.

Claim. — ^The method of uniting two or more pieces of belt, or driving band, bj mcsn of
liidied bars or rods, made of. flexible material so as to allow of their being formed hito dampe,
enbstantiallj in the mann^ herein set forth.

Also, as a new article of manofactnre, the belt-fastenine device herein described, the sam
consisting of linked or jointed bars or rods made of a flexible material capable of being bent,
substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,183.— L. M. OsBORN, of Hamilton, Madison county, N. Y, ^Improved Mill PidL,-
Patent dated October 6, 186^3. — ^The improvement consists in the method of supporting tki
blade in the head of the pick by a rigid and a vielding support acting in coiyunction ton*
tain it at any desired distance from the centre of the h^ ; an enlarged head is made to ik
blade which is retained in either of the notches in the head by means of the spring sappvt

Cluim. — ^First, a rig[id support with lips or sides, in combination with a yieldiiig 8<^«t,
substantially as described.

Second, a series of notches or indentations, substantially as described, or their equivilatii
for the purpose of holding the blade at any desired distance from the centre of the hnd,
as set forth.

No. 40,184.— W. H. Pbase, of Dayton, Ohio.— /mwrwerf Wardrobe Beilfteail. —Patent dated
October 6, 1863. — When folded, the bedstead is enclosed witliin a press ; the opening of tbi
doors of the latter admits of the bedstead beinff lowered into a horizontal position. The ade
rails are pivoted to the press, and the part which is vibrated within the latter is weighted bj i
sand-box, so as to form a counterpoise to the weight of that part extending beyond the press.
The head is famished with screws which draw upon the adjustable board to tighten tin bed
bottom.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the sand-box P, the adjustable board 6, the screws i (f, and
the cords or flexible slats e e, in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,185.— E. L. Pratt, of Boston, Maas.—Improved Jp;»Ze-Parcr.— Patent dated
October 6, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in so operating the rod or arm that canies Ike
cutter head and knife that they shall clear the suiface of the apple as they spring back
after pariug the same ; for this purpose the knife arm is pushed into a depression wluck
retains it when the cogged sector is released from the gear rotating it.

Claim. — Keeping the knifo and cutter head from the surface ot the apple, after the lane
is pared, in the manner and by the mechanism substantially as describeo.

No. 40,186.— WiLUAM t>. RiCHARDSOK, of Springfield, 111.— imvroveiiieKf ta Baggegt
Checks. — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The cheek is printed wiih the various stations as
the road ; a punch mark is made in it to indicate the station where a certain piece of baggage
is to be put off; the said check is then slipped into a check holder, the strap run throogn tbe
hole securing J^^e check in its place, and the strap attached to the baggage.

Claim, — rirst, as an improvement in the means of checking ba^tge, the denoting oa
two sets of places, of cheap material many stations, and desi^iating by the localitj of tbe
punch mark on e»ch piece the station at which the baggage is to be left, substantially m Ae
manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, in jtlie construction and use of baggage Checks, the within-described urangenent
of the check card M, check holder A B,* stitip e, and hole a, relatively to the check and M.
or its equivalent, for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,187.— W. W. BOBINSON, of Ripon, Fond du Lac, Wis.— /mprooeflMxt in 6sU
Catches.— Tateni dated October 6, 1863.— This consists of a lateh with two prongs, one f«r
a handle, and the other operated by a spring which closes the latch. The Utcn shuts against
gravitating catches wbicn rise under the impulse of the lateh, and falling down behind it,
secure it in position.

Claim. — In combinaticn with the double catches C, the spring latch D, when constroctad
and operated substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,188,— Peter Schildecker, of Pittsburg, Te^.— Improved Egg-Beaier.'-YslaBsk
dated October 6, 1863.— The eggs are beaten in a horizontal cylinder between stationaiyiad
revolving arms, the funnel on top sliding in guides so as to close the opening.

Claim. — ^An egg-beater, consisting oi the combination of a horizontal closed cylinder,
having stationary arms n n', around and between which revolve a series of beaters f fl
constructed and arranged substantially as described.

Also, the use of the sliding funnel tr, to serve the double purpose of a door aad fimiial to
an egg-beater, constructed and arranged substantially as described.

No. 40,189.— John P. Scott, of Newport, Kj.—Improved Composition for Ponltiets.-
Patent dated October 6, 1863.— £qual parts by measure of ground slippery ehn bark vd
ripe or seeded lobelia heads crushed and ground, mixed with hot water to the usual coo*
sistence.

Claim. — ^The poultice mixture prepared, composed, and compounded as dnHffiM

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C0IOCI8H(HnNI <Nr WATMWTB. 707

' Ka 40,190.—Thoma§ teimp, of Chtoago, DL intp n wd CkUitffr Ctutimg Cat Wkteit.^

Patent dated October 6, 1863.— This ooosiste of a seg^maatal chill with the reqaired iateri^r
confonnatioQ to form the peripherj of the car wheel, which in the case repreeented is a two-
flanged wheel. The chill is dirided in order to enable it to be slipped off the wheel, and the
chill is sustained bv a re-enforce and radial screws, the lattter to preTent its expansion when
the metal is poured in.

Claim, — ^The emplojment of the re-enforce B, prorided with the annular ledjre d^ in com-
bination with the seg^mental chill A A, when the latter is constructed and prorided with the
two grooves c c' and all the scarf joints a a', and all are arranged and operating substantiallj
IS and for the purposes herein delineated and described.

Ho. 40 J 91. — Jo^iAH Shidler, of Knox Township, Columbiana county, Ohio. — ImptW'
fMiU in Rwtfs of BiM/itiiii'f.— Patent dated October 6, 1863.— The roof consists of Y-shaped
troughs lying upon the plates, with similar troughs inrerted over the upturned edges of the
lower tier.

CUim. — ^A roof composed of a series of jointless, straight-sided Y-shaped troughs A A,
placed side b^ side in combination with the notched plates jf, and a second series of narrow,
jointiess, straight-sided Y-shaped troughs B, placed in inverted positions over the edges of
the troughs A A, all as herein describe and for the purposes specified.

Ifo. 40,1^2.— Joseph Sinoer, of Chicago, HI— /mprooemMt m Injeeting and Douching
tnstmmtnt.—V^t&ni dated October 6, 1863.— This consists of an air pump enclosed in a
tight vessel containing liquid, and so arranged as to discharge its air above the surface of
the liquid; the latter communicates by a stop-cock with a flexible tube provided at its end
with a clyster pipe, a rose, or any other appliance required in hydropathic or ordinary medical
treatment

Claim, — ^First, with an air pump thus employed, the arrangement of the pipes G H, and
the valves g and /c, in the manner set forth.

Second, m combination with said pump so arranged, the airangement of the escape pipe
H, extending above the surface of tne liquid, as set forth.

Ko. 40,193.— Joim D. 8MEDLET, of Chicajifo, Bl.— /m^rooemMU in JTanweZs.— Patent
dated October 6, 1863. — Exteriorly the funnel is of an ordinary character; the conduit ex-
tttids downwardly into the cask as &r as maj be desired; a diaphragm divides this conduit
into an upj>er portion which conducts the fluid from the bowl through orifices into the cask ;
and a lower portion, in which is a floating bob having an upwardly projecting rod wMch.
indicates the height of the fluid in the barrel.

Claim. — First, in combination with a fluid-filling funnel, so a^justine the rod t, by means,
of the nut », or its equivalent, that the cask can m filled to aiyr desired quantity.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 125 of 164)