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Second, the combination of the floor or division $ of said funnel with the side passages
C, for the purposes and substantially as described. •

Third, the combination and arrangement in a fluid-filling funnel of the pipe t, rod </, bob t,
division floor s. side passages C, for the purpose and subiiSiantialW as described.

Fourth, locating the bob s, within the conduit C, of said fluid-filling funnel, and below the
division or floor s, substantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 40,194.— James L. Smith, of Neoga, Hh-^Improvement in Com Peters.— Patent
dated October 6, 1863. — The seed-slide is operated from the driving wheel by means of a.
crank on the latter, and a series of connecting rods and levers ; the mrrow opener is under
the control of the driver, who determines the depth of the furrow by the graduation of the
pressure of the foot upon the bar, to which the curved braces supporting the furrow openers-
are hung.

Claim. — ^The rod g^ the joint arm A, the upright u the joint arm o, the sprin^p s, the foot
lever T, the catch I, the bar L, the curved braces U, ana the furrow openers F, the whole-
combined and arranged as herein set forth.

No. 40,195.— J ARED W. Smith, of Middletown, Middlesex county, Cotm,— Improvement
im neater Wheels, — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The inner side of the water case encom-
passing the wheel is formed of India-rubber or other flexible material. The wheels are
I'rustums of spheres — that is, with a zone around the poles removed, and revolve in boxes at
the outer ends of the arms projecting from the main shaft. The wheel case is annular, and
is divided by a partition, with opening^ for the supply water to reach the inner channel.

C(«im.— The annular case A, provided with a central partition a of concave f<Nrm and its
inner side, and dividing the case into two compartments b e, which communicate with each,
ofeker by openings e s, in combination with elastic strip q, roteting buckets £ of the wheel
and the discharge openings g g, and with or without the valves F, all arranged substan-
tially as and for the purpose specified.

Ko. 40,196.— Samuel B. Spauuhno, of Brand<m, Butland county, yi,^Imjigrovem€nt t^
Fumacci for Sugar Evaporators.—Fektoai dated OctobcMr 6». 1863.— The cast-iroa firamft*



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T08 IBOTAL ISPOBT OT



€9mm fte fc>iiik m^ M At fuiwm, <na Ibgnt <hp>> JMa, — t Miii wMU iiuiilnYiMaa
two lurrDW nda fluet. The 6ajnehM tkne Wv«k«l diffiacBBt litigbUrioaoeoBBotedM
pans which emptr kito «iie mn^dmt in * feriM.

C(M«. - -The«i)nt»4MeribediMa£nB«,iAeottbiinti«iwi^ ^k^htkk.woAmAmft-
mtiBg pwM, sutesntumjr aa Mi £aMh.

No. 40,197.— Stispheii Stemon, of Boloit, Bock conntj, Wi8.~/a^N^oaf fVtUer fnd."
Pateat issued October 6, 1863; antedated September 23, 1663.~This U to be used UanoD
divided so as to make the water strike the wheel at opposite points. The wheel has recttTii|
buckets, which extend from the upper to the lower rims, and scoop-sbfped discharge bodey
underneath, discharging the water oackwardly and downwardly.

Clmim. — ^The recemng buckets A» in combination with the oischoigiiig buckets B, via
oonstracted and operati^ as herein set forth and described.

Ko. 40,196.— C. W. Stafford, of New Tork, If. Y,—rmpro9emeni in ImemuUmn SkA-
Patent dated October 6, 1863. — This is an elongated projectile, haring a faze in front, iQ^
eeeded by a charge chamber, and that by a solid cencral portion, which is sarroumftd hji
•harge of incendiary matter within a cylindrical casing. The proiectile is guided in tbi
bore ny a bearing abont the first third, and a sabot at the rear, whi<£ latter is dirided bja
annular cut into two flanges.

Claim, — ^First, the combination of the explosive chamber A', solid central core ^, aomiht
incendiary chamber C, and casing B, arranged and operating in manner substantiallj m
and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the combination with the rtiell A apd detachable casing B of tiie skeleton beaiia;
H IJ, constructed as described, and employed Co temporarily secure die forward end of tni
casinp^ B, and support and ^de the sheU within the bore.

Thud, the combination with the shell A and casing B of the sabot E, adapted -snd en-
ployed as described, to temporarily secure the rear end of the casing and support, and goidi
the rear end of the shell within the bore.

Fourth, the concave expansible packing disk G, formed at its periphery with two or moi
divided flanges g g, and undivided toward the centre.

Fiflb, the shoulders b' in the described combination with tha beariqg H IJ* constnidid
and operating as and for the purposes described.

No. 40,199.— A. B. SFCNCBft, of Rochester, N. Y,—improf>ememi in BMroad Cs^ Firf-
lo/orf.— Patent dated October 6, 1863.— This is to be located in die roof of the car, and
consists of a passage regulated by dampers for admitting the air, which passes down a
contact with water, riseSi and is deflectea by a swinging and a distributing plate into tis
car, while the impure air passes out at a similar opening on the other side of the swinfinc
plate ; the respective points of ingress and egress vary according to the direction in wtia
the car is travelling. The special devices of the water tanks and damper actnaton i*
detailed ih the third and fourth claims.

C^tm.— The swinging partition E, arranged and acting in combinadon with the otfier
parts of the double ventilator, so that the same ventilator will go in either directipn, sod
perform the double fVinction of admitting the purified mr and disc&rging the foul air eqatUr
well either way and automatically, while the dmught of ventaladon is regulated and msoB
nearly uniform thereby, substantially 9iA herein specified.

Also, the distributing plato F, arranged and operating in comhinatioa with the ffwiBgiBf
partition £, substantiaUy as and for the purpose nerein set forth.

Also, the ribs e c^ arranged upon the bottoms of the tanks C C longitudinal with the csr,
when there are communicating spaces i % aUemately at the ends or adjaomt ribs, ftr ^
purposes set forth ; and in con^ination therewith the Jutting edges h b over the sides of tke
tanks, operating as specified.

Also, the arrangement and combination of the catch bars 1 1, levers J J / /, and eoBOM^
ing rods or links £ & m m, for regulating the valves or dampers D D, as specifiedL

No. 40,200.— Henry Stbubino, of New York, N. Y,-— Improved Appartms for Otimf
Beer and other Liquids. — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The apparatus consists <>f • "JJ
with double walls, between which is a cool-water tank with a continuous stream of cold
water. The beer fills the can and overflows, running down the outside into an snonltf
trough, from which it is drawn oil hf & pipe.

Cfatm.— The apparatus substontiiJly as described.

No. 40,201 .-^OHH Van, of Cincinnati, Ohio.'-'Imprwfomeni im Cookimg StMM.-4^ii«^
dated October 6, 1863.— The firo-ohamber is k>cated between the oven and a ros^
chamber, which latter has a drop bottom and chturcoal grate under the dripping pan. T»
boiler plates have beneath them at tiieir edges marginal flanges, whioh Miter groovss in us
stove top.

C/atm.— First, in the described combinadon with the grate A A', the broiling and toti^
chambers B, b, having in its floor a drop charooal gate C, ih» whok being ananged sw
operating suhstantially in the maoner and for the puij^oses set forth.



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No. 40,903.— Jomr W. YANDfYKR, of Shelbioft, Sbelb j cwmtj. Mo.— ImjrroMmeaC t» C^m
FUmUn.—^mtoat dated October 6, 1863.— The seed U dropped bj an attendant who
operatee tbe slide tof^ef. U is seatteied a» b fUll*; oovered by tbe skate^ and the gnmnd
oompreseed br the roller^ The derkes aie saileieiitfx ^xpiakied in flie elahn.

Ctotm.— Ffnt, 0OB8«rwliB|; the fraaie j^ so thM the longiliidiiial beams tfaeieof sbaU fer^
fcrapers for the hin^ corerer shares g, in the manner described.

S^Bondy the eombftnatien of the hiafjed aot a wg Irilk the levers I andm, when arranged
as described, so that a pevson ridinff opon the rear part ef the Iraaie is enabled te t$km «r
lower the coverers oa aotb sides o? the Tnaehlaa ia^ epe a dant of one aoother and of the
jiiBBafa» in the raaaiier specified.

Third, the forked bars or valves d pivoted within the seed-eondnetin^ tabes F, a«d ceii-
aected with the seed-distribotiBB^ slides a, is euaibiAatloo with the meti3 strips or taamieji e
attached on opposite sides and below the valve to the iaiiM iides of the eendocting t«Ms P,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Fourth) fitting a rim or tire to the wheels of a com planter in seetkms, «o that it o«t be
pu oa or taken off aeeordiaf as a flat or eoncave tread is needed to adapt the s fl ft eida e for
planting in sod or old gpneandf in the manner and for the purposes specified.

Fifth* the detachable sod cnUers N, aitached bj means of bolte tf ]# to the runaer O, in
eombination with the same and the woodea strips r in tke iMed^NmdwMing take Fj in tbs
r and fee the purpose specified*



Now 40,203.— €. C. Walworth, of Boston, MaB^^frnptottd T»p fof Cm^mg Screw
TWearff.— Patent dated Ootobsr 6, 1863.— The bits or cutters are seeored in a hoMer, having
been previoosly cot on a common centre, and removed from the position in which tiiej are
ant. When ill the holder thej are so confined thai the cutting faces are te prominent parts
flf tke whole taps* when considered with relation t^ Uie rotation of the tap in its euttin|(
function. *

C/aim.— The tap constructed and operating substantiallj as described.

Nb. 40,904.— Oeorov I. Washburn, of Worcester, Mass.— /mj9rovem«N< in Condimers
fmr 9tmm Engines, — ^Patent dated October 6, 1863. — ^The water from the supply chamber is
Conducted bj a pipe to the water chamber surrounding the condcnsiug tank ; from this latter
afaartber the pipe passes to another chamber on a lower level so as to moke a continuous stream
through the chamber around the condenser ; the water of condensation escapes hj its gravity
to the hot well at a distance beneath it.

Claim, — First, the use, in connexion with a steam engine of any form, of an air-tight sur-
i^ee-condensing tank 8, surrounded wholly or in part by a water chamber A, and placed so
high above the outlet of the exit pipe that the condensed water will escape by its own gravity,
MMaatiaNT as expfadned.

Second, the use of a siphon to convey condensing water to the water chamber A of a snr-
foce-condeosing tank thus placed.

Third, a siphon having as a part of itself a surface-condensinsf tank, kept cold by the pas-
sage of water through the siphon, and kept from becoming full of water of condensation by
Hi own elevation above the reservoir or hot well H\ substantially as set forth.

N» 40,905.— 0BOR6B I. Washbcrit. of Worcester, Mass.— fmproMmeafia Breech-loading
Ordnance, — ^Patent dated October 6, 1863. — The force of the explosion acting against the cen-
tral plug thr^mgh the flexible diaphragm posses the inner ends of the sector levers so as to
lo^ them on the hemispherical block at the rear of the bore, and Cause the outer ends of the
kfvert to throw the ring forward, and close the elastic diaphragm tightly against the rear face
of the barrel.

C/aim.— So applying a iystem of levers or other equivalent mechanical devices in combi-
BiAon with the oreech of a breech- loading or chamber-loading piece of ordnance or other fire-
arm, that the pressure of the explosion acting upon such levers shall tend to close the point
between the breech and barrel, substantially as described.

No. 40.206.— George B. Wright, of Elmira, Chemung county, N. T.— /mj^roeerf Metkdd
erf Regulating the Supply of Water in Steam Boi/ers. —Patent issued October 6, \ti63 ; antedated
October 1, 1863.— When the water falls in the boiler the flout by its connexions will dip the
ends of the wires into the merc ur y cup and complete the galvanic circuit, which renders the
helices magnetic, and on coming together by the motion of the pump rod they are connected;
as the rod recedes the plunger is drawn up, allowing the pump to fill and to be discharged
1^ te downward motion ; the disconnexion of the circuit allows the plunger to drop and stops
the pumpine of water.

C»ts».— The combination of the electro-magnetic heKx witk steam-boiler force pumps, or
tleir appnrtenanees, the helices being connet^ by conductors to the boiler or its appurte-
nances, in soeh iwannar tlMit the galenic- eorcuit is broken or completed by the rise and foil



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710 AKHUAL IBPOBT OT

floats or vilvM AttaiiMd to the bmler or iti sppuiteiittnoes, Aob re|pitel{^ tbo supply In a^
cordance with the demands of the boiler, as herein described, Q0tn? ibr tha* pwpose the th^
said arrangement, or anj other tnbetantiallj the same, and which will produoe the intadid
effect.

No. 40,207.~WlLCT S. Wright, of St. Lonis, ^o.^HmffOvement in OAorrooZ f^mscei.-
Patent dated October 6, 1863.— This consists of a flaring pan settin? on a base and with
draught holes passing down between it and its base, throagn the ash chambo'aQd np Umt^
the grating.

Clmm. — ^First, a diarooal fTumace of elongated form and with a flaring month, the flan
Imng both in a lateral and longitudinal direction, and continnations of tbe eurres of thete
portfon of the furnace, all in the maiyier and for the purpose described.

Second, an elliptical charcoal furnace provided with front and end dranghts bee, svbstafr
tiallr as and for tne purpose set forth.

Third, an elongate flaring charcoal furnace constructed with end draughts e e, snbataa-
tiallj as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,806.— Oliybr D. Abbots, of Chelsea, Mass.— /m^rovei PoriMt 8iool,^V$Mi^
ted October 6, 1863.— The stool consists of four legs, joined at their centre to four rides of i
Quadrangular band or strap B, the le^ turning on the sides of said strap. To the top ends o{
tnese four legs a seat of suitable material is fastened; to the top of each rear leg a moTabk am
D is so attached as to be capable of swinging diagonally in a plane parallel to that, in ^nrl
the arm, to which it is jointed, moves. A cross band or back rest £ connects the ton <j
the arms D, and two side bands F support them in position. The stool is easily folded bj
drawing the legs together, and as their tops approach, the relaxation of the side bands allovs
the arms to be turned backwards and to be Drought down so as to lay against the sidei tf
thale^.

Clmm, — Combining folding arms, which, in connexion with bands, form a back, witli thi
folding legs of a portable sto^ substantially in the manner and for the purpose as above nt
forth. '

No. 40,209.— James Bolton, of Chicago, III., assignor to the Singer Manupactdbisg
Company, of same place.— im|»rot«f Prester F9ot of Sewing «|iiic4iji««.— Patent dated Octo-
ber 6, 1863. — ^The oVjectof this improvement Tthe device being explained in the claim) ii
to cause Uie leg^ of the foot-plate to maintain their parallelism when diverging from or ap-
proaching each other, insteaa of diverging in radial bnes ; the scre^ is a means of a^j^^*^
the gripe of the two legs upon the foot-plate.

CUim, — ^The combination of the legs of the frame of a presser-foot, which are grooved to
hold a removable foot-plate, with the stem thereof, bv means of upright connexions, so thit
the junction of the two sides of the frame is above me level of the loot-plate, substantially
as set forth.

Also, the combination of the first part of my invention with an adjusting screw, sabatan*
tially as set forth.

TSoi 40,210.— H. 8. GoUGHTLT and C. 8. Twitchbll, of New Haven, Conn., assigiwn
to English and MersICK, of the same place,— Improved Folding Jrm-CAoir.— Patent dat«d
October 6, 186:1. — ^The frame is supported upon two X-shaped supports, from the upper ends
of which rise the lower forward ends of the two arms and the two back posts, respectlTe^-
. The chair is capable of being collapsed into a pack no longer than the longest pieces, that %
the arms.

•Clatm.— The combination of the standards C C, when attached to the legs a a below m
seat, with the solid arms A A, with the upper slat of the back immovably attached to thea,
when the whole is constructed and fitted for use and folding substantially as herein described.

No. 40,211.— James Hewett, of Clinton, Worcester county, Mass., assignor to Hiffisetf
and Thomas Elliott, of the same place,— Improved Skate Fastening.— 'Patent dated Oc^
ber 6, 1863,- This is a clamp for fastening the heel of the boot to the skate, and consiste of
a metallic strap on the runner or skate frame, with a rear projection on which Is pivoted i
stirrup-shaped clamp embracing the heel, which, as it descends to its normal position on tie
runner, is clamped more tightly by the clamp.

Claim. — ^I'he curved wire or rod A fitted in the lug or projection a of the strap B, in coo-
bmatioii with the swinging heel bearing D attached to the lug or projection «, and ths ban
t i fitted on the ands of the wire or rod A, all being arranged substantially as and fiv thi
purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,212.— LrfrHER and Stoughton B. Holden, of Wobum, Middlesex county, Man^
assignors to Themselves, J. C. Seelye and L. L. Holden; of the same place.— /^V^*^
ment in Sewing Machines,— PfUent dated October 6, 18^3.— This machine is intended elp^
cially for sewiuff on the soles of shoes, drc The first feature is an elastic fork which drg
the tacks by wnich the upper and sole were temporarily united; the seoond is ananiea



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ocBocimoiffBB Off BkTwatn. 711

BMdle-^ fteadiagalMivo ib» f^t», and isellaed so m to ftdapi ilself to tbe eonowrity of the
tkSoB of the shank of the shoe; the third feature U intended to retain the work between the
pveseer and the needle-die, and eonsieta in reogheniog; the tor^Rces of those two portions.

Claim, — First, the tack-drawing device, consisting of an elastic fork, applied in combiBa-
tion with a sewing machine, and operated by a wedge £, or its equivalent, substantially as
lAd for the purpose herein specified.

Second, toe arohed needlcndie B, standing above the bed-plate of the sewing siachine^ and
tlantinff transversely, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Tbira, the combination of the grooved, toothed, or roughened surface / of the pressor G,
and Uie corresponding grooved, toothed, or roughened surface / of the needle-die B, sub-
stantially as and for tiie purpose herein specified.

No. 40,213.— PiERRB Jamaik, of Bordeaux, Empife of France, assignor to Himself and
jABfES AC. Trippe, of Oranffe, N. J. — Improvement im Constrmctim^ Fteld FoH\fieaiwn$* —
Patent dated October 6, ld6£— Xhe boxes or voussoirs which support the roof of the under-
ground casemati d battery are formed of a bottom board, to which are hinged two end boards
and a central brace, which, with the addition of two side-boards, constitute a truncated,
eUmgated pyramid, of soch a form as, when laid together, to form an arch to support the
bomb-proof covering.

Ciaiwu — ^Tbe employment, in the construction of field fortifications and embankments, of
portable voussoirs of wood, or other material, made to fold up» substantially as herein de-
scribed.

No. 40,314.— AusoN Hears, of Brashear, St. Lawrence couFty, N. T., assignor to Him-
self and Abiel O'Dell, of Oneida county, N. Y.-^Cheeee Turning J^jMiraliis.— Patent
dated October fi, 1863. — ^This consists of a pair of tongs suspended by chauis attached to the
upper arms, from the ends of a lever pivoted on a standard, and letained in an elevated posi-
tion by a strap. The tongs embrace clamps pivoted thereto, and these clamps enclose a
cheese, which, by the pivoting of the damps, is capable of being turned over as required,
without disconnecting or chan|^ing an^ part of the apparatus.

Claim. — First, the tongs G, in combination with tbo pivoted jaws J J and washers 1 1, con*
Mrueted and operating as and for the purposes set fortn.

Second, in combination with the aforesaid tonss and pivoted jc«ws, the pedestal A, post or
upright B,. lever C, ringr and staple D E, chains F F, and strap K, the whole being arranged
and operated snbstantiiuly as herein specified.

Ko. 40,215.— Emanuel J. Plbtel, of Dallas county, Iowa, assi^tnor to Albert Zibgblb,
of Bnfl^o, N. Y.—lmproved Hor9e$koe.-'V%Xeski dated October 6, 1863.— The calks, flat-
froed or sharp-pointed, are screwed into the bosses on the heel of the shoe.

Claim, — ^Toe six-sided calks L and N, with their double-shouldsxed screws E, constructed
and combined as herein described, and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,216.— £. L. Pratt, of Boston, Mass., assignor to Ge'>rge R. Carter, of the
same place.— /m^oiW CmUer-kead for Apjfle Parers.- Patent dat»d October 6, 1863.— The
knife stock is attached to its arm at one of its ends, or opposite one «sd of its knife, and has
a sprinf^ attached, so that it rocks on its centre in its course round tbe apple, commencing
by cutting well into the hollow first presented, say the stalk, and finishing by cutting into
the concavity of the calyx, making the whole length of the knile effiMtiTsdnruig the oourso of
its stroke.

C/atm.— Hanging the cutter-head to the arm A, substantially as desalbed, in combinatioii
with applying to it tbe spring ^, in the i



i manner and for the puipose as aWva set forth.



No. 40,217.— George Escol Sellers, of Hardin county. 111., assignor to Himself and
Philip M. Price, of the same place. — Improtement in Preparing WtSdy Fibre for Paper
Stock, — Patent dated October 6, 1863. — 1 he essential feature of the inventim is crushing the
fibre by pressure, vertical to the line of the fibre; this may be done by pressn^ on the end of
a block and then removing the disintegrated fibre, or by working on thin Irminss of wood
which have been removed from the block by a cut perpendicular to the line of the fibre.

C/aim.- Tbe separating and disintegrating of woodv fibre for paper-makini^, by j>ressnre
in the line, or nearly so, of the fibre, substantially in the manner above described.

No. 40,218.— Bichard Yobe, of New York, N. Y., asatgnor to Charles S. fif Leitoz^ of
Newark, N. J.— ^ii^rovciiMitf im Car ^rroisfs.— Patent dated October 6, 1883.— T^^ consists
of a rectangular box containing a double set of straight springs, separated by dirtributing
plates, between which latter are interposed compensating springs. The upper srA lower
Mifiboet of the distributer are curved to correspond with the lower sur&oe of the follower and
Ibe bottom of the box, and under pressure the springs are brought to the same curve

C/4iM.— The combination of one or more straight metaUio springs B B, widi thepecrMktrly
formed inteqKMed distribatinf pUtes C C and central oompenaattng springs D D, suhstan
lisUj in the inaoaer and for the purposa henna set forth.



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'When findtflit ittie««I1lo tpAnga B B am doabfawd MIk lakii i > » iud tim l t w m^ ctftei jbi



tribntfaur platot O C and ooi9peiMaliB|^ springpsDD, gsbftantiftl^ m li«eiii dannfaeir
biniog^ &6 same with as arebed bearinf-plate £ and end or bod*plat» A, g ufcu ta atf ay y iaib
maaiMr aad lor tte purpose her«itt soft forth.

No. 40,219.— Thomas Wallace, of Chicago, HI , assigiior to HqbmH; HERiftT A. Bal.
LBMTIVE, aad Edward F. LaWrbkcb, of the same place.— AnffovemeiU ttv Ormn Drftm-
Patent dated October 0, 1863.— The grain is passed through a series of compaitiBeBtB, in cadi
of which it is exposed to a blast of h^ air as it traverses a aemi-cjliiidncal paHbmfted tnmgk
UBder the impuwe of eoiiTey<Nrs and sthrrers on a abaJlt operated by gearing on the ouferida.

Claim. — ^In a grain-diyine apparatos the combination and arrangement of a series of e»
yejOTs, situated one above the other in separate air-tight compartments, wfaerebj the fnii
is carried back and forth throagh a kiln, over a series of perA>rated incHned sorfaeeiibi
zigmg course, when & sepaiPate hot^Ur blast is admitted into each of said oompartouili,
arranged and operathig as uid for the parposes herein dosoribed.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the perforated troughs E, tbeiefTohii^ sMS^
provided with the spiral b and stirrers c, and the spur-wheel B, mitre-wheels t ik, shaft I, m^
wheels e /, and shaft O, arranged and operating snbstantiall j as delineated and deseribsi



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 126 of 164)