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Third, the combination of the reciprocally -arranged conveyors F F, prerrfded with thi
spina b and stirrers c« with the air-tight chambers 19 3 4 5^ eonstruotea afld openttd at
herein shown aad specified.

No. 40,220.~RiCHARD Yielding, of Tpsiknti, Washtenaw county, Mich., assi^te
Himself and Habaison H. Tock, of the same place. — Improv&wtmU i» Jmnrwml BMnagt,—
Patent dated October 6, 1869.— The joom^ is sustained on roller bearings which are ei*
closed in boxes whose inner annular disks afiford beidrings for the roller journals, whidisn
lubricated by the oil contained in the oil-tight chambers Mtween the said diaka and the beads
of the boxes.

C^ilm.— First, the boxes D D', constructed md employed as daseribed, to enclose sid
afford bearings in the inner walls of the oil-tight reservoirs for the aDtl*frictHm wheels B B^,
aad provides meatis for attaching the auxiliary axles in any desired positiona.

Second, the oil-tight reservoirs F F, employed in the manner deectibedi wMfafs thvlMN
D ly, to afford constant lubrication to the pivots.

No. 40,221.— Ctrus Chambers, of Philadelphia^ Pa.— BWdSt-afMMfM4 - Fatoiit dstoi
October 6, 1863. — The tempering chamber, impelling screw and forming die are in the saoM
horiaontal line aad of a conical shape, the forming die beluff at the apex ; the dav is le-
eeived at the hopper on the cylindrical portion, worked by the beaters aad deliverea to thi
screw which works at the end of the same shafts and with a gradually incteaehiff depth
of thread terminates before it reaches the die, so as to mi^e the clay leave in a solid niMs;
the walls of the screw-chamber are roughened to prevent the revolution of the clsy.

The clay is delivered upon an endless apron, by which it is carried to a knife working b/
attaohaient to a fly-wheel, which being controlled by the samo power, makes its outs at rega-
lar distances in the traversing mass of clay ; the hitter is supported at the point of impact of
the knife by a movable frame underneath, which moves with the knife, and the brick as it il
cut oft resta upon another apron which, traversing faster than tfc« former, soon makes aa ii-
lerval between the brick.

C/«4ai.^Fbrst, arranging in the same horiaontal line with each other thetemperiaff d^m^
her, impelling screw and foroiing die, so as to secure directness of action and simpActty el
gearing, as described.

SeccMid, imparting to the tempering chamber and screw caaa ike tapering ft»rm dcae^hed
and shown, so as to gradually compress the clay and exclude the air in its passage to the
forming die, ae specified.

Third, so constructing a screw that the clay may »iter it at an abgular qiace, and be d^
livered in a solid mass opposite its end, and at the centre of the screw, snbstuitlally in the
manner and for the purpose described.

Fourth, preventing the clay from revolving wiih the screw in the screw case, by nrogha*
ing or checkerinff the Interior surface of that case, substantially as described.

Fifth,, the combination of a knife with a fly-wheel, for the purpose of severing a barot
clay into proper lengths for bricks, the velocity of SMd fly-wheel being xeguhUed or conttoUrf
by that of the bar of clay.

Sixth, the corabinaUon of the i^oa a with the fly-wheel Yand knife k, all utrngfi^'
conjoint operation, substantially in the manner and tor the purpose specified.

Beventh, propelling the cut-uff device by means of a firicUon ohrtob, and FflfuMiig tis
power of said dutch by means of a yielding pressura.

Eighth, the yielding severing knite k^ constructed and operating sobatanlialiy as set ftctk



Ninth, supporting the clay at tha line of sevmwioe by a movable firama or smorttef
stirmp^gmde L', through which the knife K is guided, as and for the purpeae statsdi

Tenth, moving the knife and the supporting guide L together, during the s0?eraic*«>
*!.. u .u ^ ... .,., .^ . y . , jioesy log tha pippwi of "''^

cted.

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



the bars, at the same speed with whieh the barof olay advanoes, Sn tha ^mrpm% 9i catHH
off the brick at right angles to the course of the bar, as directed.



ccmmBmonom m ^sawm». 719



BWfwitii, ^^k9iag iii» off bturitg^appom m\ st grMtor ipwd than tiMi of Ui« bw of doj»
for the purpose of separating the brick by a sufficieot interval^ as deseribed.

TVrelnh, gmng. to tho oeaieol impelliiig soreir a gradoAl inereaslQg depth or thread, to
seeare unifonnitj between the amooat of claj received bj the base of the screw and. that
di^yered at its point, ae sei forth.

Ko. 40,222.— James Adair, of Flttsbur^h, F^.—Iinprovement in Lamps.-^'PdXaui d&ted
October 13, 1863. — A curved or S-formed siphon-tubo is fitted to the top of a lamp. The
opposite end is attached to a wider tube, the upper end of whith is split, forminf^ a skeleton
frame and support for the chimney, which consists of a perforated conical bodj, of a convex
top, corrugated, with the usual opeoing and resting on this frame. A sliding and vibratlDg
spur is joined to a stem, fitted into a cylindrical box beneath the cone to regulate the wick.
A curved spring-latch, connected to the same stem, confines the chimney in place. Within
the enlarged tube is inserted a movable wick-tube, flattened at the upper end, through which
the wick passes in similar form. Other features of the invention wiU be understood from the
claim and engravings.

Clmim. — First, the manner of supplying a flame with oil at one side of a lamp, by carrving
the oil up through the top of a lamp and down over its side through a pipe, or its equivalent,
which is supplied with a wick, substantially as set forth.

Second^ the flariog skeleton frame or support for the cone, formed by splitting the upper
end of the wick-tube holder, substantially as described.

Third, covering the cone D, and the skeleton frame 6, with beads, substantially as do*
fcribed.

. Fourth, while not claiming breadlr a cormgated cone, I do claim waving or cormgatiBg
mrally or obliquely the upper part of a lamp cone, substantially as and for the purposes set
forth.

FiAh, making the upper portion or the whole of a wick-tube of metal wound in a spiral
form, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the removable bracket or fdod-tube A J, in combination with a lamp-lop a', snb-
•tantially as described.

Seventh, the combination of the removable wick S with the removable tubular bracket A
and feed wick J, substantially as described.

Eighth, the sliding and vibratLog spur ^, operating in tho manner substantially as described^

Ninth, while not claiming the construction of the spring catch I, describe^ I do claim
arranginff it so as to be operated from the spindle or stem ot a wick-a^iuster, suhstantially aa
cles.crioe£

Ko. 40,223.— AhbrIW Lemuel Adams, of Philadelpfaia, Va.-^Itnpr&vementin Poclat-hitokB,
— ^Patent dated October 13, 18^ — ^The pocket-books are constructed with elastic gussets or
bands, applied through apertures made through the several leaves or sections of the books
which are secured on the inside of the leather. Movable leaves are inserted, obviating the
necessity of opening all the loaves or sections of the book at the same time. The emstie
gnsaets or bands also constitute outside fasteners for the books when they are closed.

Claim, — The improved movable leaf, in combination with the outside fastening, the gtnsel
of band to be made of elastic doth or other material, as and for the purpose shown and
dtecribed.

No. 40,224.~IL A. Adams, of Chicago, III.— Tool for Chaining ttt tnMMltMi of waod*-^
Patent dated October 13^ 1883.— A fraoM of any raqoiied siae is made in. two sectiona sliding
into each other for the pnrpose of extension or contraction. On the face of this frame is ai-
taelied an elastio plate, on wliioh is carved tho ^igfose intended to be traasferred or graisad.
nia aKUoaij gratning eoletaafa distributed on oil-cloth by pressing the latter gently agmnsi
Aa fiMse of the tool and tben apalyinff it to tho object to be grainea.

C/atm.— The extension and aqjnstable frame A A, in oombinatie* with the daslto pkter
i» the manner and Ibr the pttfpoee heteai deeeribad.

Nob 40,235.— Ajmam ALBZAia>ut, of Plttsbnn^, Pa ^ / ny wma sal mi Anpamiua^ for
FUming the ChamUrt of Camioa.— Patent dated October 13, ld63.— To a shaft, one ead of
which works in a joornal box, is attached a pnllo^ or hollow box, in which a shorter or
l a ag e r ontter is pU»Ded, aooovding to the ehamoer of tho^un being spberieal or spheroooaieal,
Ifca otttter prolradiag through an open apace in the ^leripherT of the pniley, to which a
partly revolving moSon is given by means of chains, altaoheo to rods and worked by a
oof wheel aad two pinion wheels attached to the shaft near its outer end. One of tha
piaooa wheela is waifcad apan by a saMkU toothed wheel aitaehed to the pinioa wheel anci
acted upon by a double pawL If the chamber of the gun is sphero-conical, the inner end of
the cutter is attached to one end in the pulley, so that the centra of its BM>tlon ia eeoeatrio
£rom that of the pniley.

CfaiM.— First, the nse of a tool, conristiag of a pulley or cntter holder, capable of at
leaat a partial rev^ftion on its axis, in the plMia of the axis of the oastiiiff to be acted ofpon,
o p aia ti i i y aa a feed motioa to advance the paiat of the oottiag tool giadtaally forward in a
enrred line toward the axis of the catting, the tool bemg either toiMd within the oastiag



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T14 AwmML HnpofifF op nam »

•r the eaathiff reTolred around die tool, tulMtaiitiany in the mmitter tod for tbe purpom
hereinbefore aodcribed.

Second, alao the combination of a rerolring or partially rovolvinp pulley, oreatter bolder,
carrying a tool or cotter and aittaohed to a shaft or other sQppmrt, with soitsble gearing waa^ ^
chains or connecting rods for giving to the cntter or tool a med motion in the ore of a dr^
in the plane of the axis of the gun or hollow casting to be operated upon, for the purpose of
causing the tool or cutter to traverse a spherical or sphero-conieal surface by the rerohitkni
of the tool inside of the hollow casting, or of the casting around the tool, substantiaBy as
described.

Third, also the use of a revolving or partially revolving nuUey or cutter holder, canyin^
a cutter, the centre of motion of which is eccentric to tnat of the cutter holder, so as t«
cause the point of the tool to traverse a sphero-conical surface on the revolution of the cast-
ing around the tool, or of the tool inside of the casting, substantially as described.

No. 40,226.— Lewis J. Atwood, of Waterbury, New Haren c^mnty. Conn. — Impneo-
memt in Lanips.— Patent dated October 13, 1863. — The improvement consists in placing; n
a4j^table slide, which supports the draught plate, upon the wick tube, so that the drai^ht plata
may be elevated or depressed within the contracted neck of the chimney as majr be oo^
yenient

Ckiim. — ^The supporter and slide grasping the wick tube and sustaining the drangkt plfttete
combination with a glass chimney having a contracted neck, so that the adjustment of tiie
draught plate can be effected in the manner represented and for the purpose set forth.



No. 40,227.— Lewis J. Atwood, of Waterbury, New Haven county. Conn.— ii
msat til Lamp$, — Patent dated October 13, 1863.— This invention consists in tho pecoixtf
arrangement of the parts in a portable huid lamp, in which the wick and tube are within the
conical base of tho chimney, the air being admitted through openings in tho anmilac
diaphragm or floor, upon which the hinged chimney ring is immediately superimposed.

Claim, — ^The combination of the several parts into a convenient, cheap and portable
limp, constructed as represented and for the purposes specified.



No. 40,228.— Lewis J. Atwood, of Waterbury, New Haven coun^r, Conn. — I
ment in Lamp CAimneys.— Patent issued October 1.% 1863; antedated October 11, 1863w-
The invention consists in so constructing a chimney as to dispense with the usual metallic
deflector. The circular based chimney is tapered and contracted to an oval or oblong ibrai
at a suitable height relatively to the flame and again enlarged into a flattened bulb.

Ciotm.— The chimney g, with a circular base 1, and contracted to the oval neck 2, below
the bulb 3, for burning coal oil and similar oils supplied to a flat wick, without any separate
deflector, as set forth.

No. 40,229.— Samuel Balsdon, of Brooklyn, Kings county, N. Y.-^Improved Compo-
iitionfor Lubricating Machinerg, — Patent dated October 13, 1863. — ^The composition is aa
follows : No. 2 is clarified lard ; No. 3 is clarified beeswax ; No. 4 is a compound of thzna

Sounds black lead efound fine, with one gill vitriol ; then of No. 2, take twelve pounds ; of
fo. 3, one and one-naif pound ; and of No. 4, three pounds ; melt, mix, and cool gpraduaily*
Claim, — The application of the different iugredients aforesaid and prq)ared as aforennon-
tioned, and in the proportion aforementioned, for the purjiose of making a composition pasia
tint is anti-friction, for axles and machinery, all substantially as set forth.

*No. 40,230.— Oeorgb W. Banker, of St. Louis, Mo.— /imoMJiisiU in Oil Vetatfm, —

Patent dated October 13, 1863. — Tliis invention consists in making a sliding or UTtrmisa
nozzle to the oil vessel, which can at will be protruded beyond t& heading or boauB|^ hf
which the vessel is enclosed, to facilitate pouring without wasta.

Claim, — The compound sliding or extension Boszle # i, constructed and <^parating nd^
stantiall^ as set forth, for the purpose specified.

Also, m combination with the above, the cover or shield e, operating as set forth, for tbo
purpose specified.

No. 40,231.— Ezra R. Barnes, of Brookfield, Fairfield county, Conn.— > lff »s nrt«s >Spr
Holding Emery or Safu<-pa;Mr.— Patent dated October 13, 1863.— This Uoek for faoldiBy
emery or sand-paper consists of a cushion and base with end plates, aionnd which tte
emery paper is stretched and there held firmly and smoothly by clamps, which grip it to tkf&
side of the block; said clamps being retained in position by spiral springs under the Uinmb
pieces.

Cisiia.— First, the jaws or clasp and springs.

Second, the plates and ears for holding the jaws or clasps.

Third, tlM cushion over which the papsr is placed*

Fourth, holding the cushion in place by placing its edges betwesn tiie two seotiaas of tk
base and by means of screws or any othtf wall known mode of fastening, snbstaatiaUy aaa
for the purpose set forth.



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COIfiflSilONBB w PAxnw. 71S

Ko. 40,232.^T. C. Bartlb, of laiepeodeaoe, Baclwiiaa ematj, Iowa.— /fn^nvMnMlK
im 9ugmr Kvaporators.—P^iexit dated October 13, 1863.— This improroment relates ta the
form and afrangemeDt of the pans, the fiimaoe, dampers and flaas, together with a steam
generator nnder the front pan to obviate the dao^r of soorehing in oonoentrating strap;
also an improvoment in the skimmer, the handle oTwhieh is made of wood, with a piece •£
cloth attached.

CUim, — First, constmcting the pans as herein described and arranging them ai different
elevations, in the order named, for the pnrpose specified.

Second, the dampers U and Q, when arranged and operating as and for the pnrpose sel
forth.

Third, the herein described arrangement of flues, within the bodj of the famaoa mi
beneath the several pans, for the pnrpose specified.

Fourth, the adjustable steam generator F, when arranged and operaUd as and for the
pnrpose described.

FifUit the skimmer, constructed aa herein specified.

No. 40,233.— H. F. Batchkllbr, of Sterling, Whiteside eountj, Jll^ImprovemeiUim Cam
PZofiterf.— Patent dated October 13, 1663. — ^This invention consists in the construction and
adjustment of a slide and rod, the former bj means of straps operating the feed-roller, and
tlie latter injuring the filling of the cells in the feed-roller.

Cluim, — First, the strip F attached to the plunger and connected with the roller B bj the
straps Q G', substantiaUj as and for the purpose set forth. *

Second, the rod J attached to the plunger D, when used in combination with the lolkr B,
as and for the purpose specified.

Ko. 40,234.— Ephraim Beemak, of Ow«n>, Tioga conntj, N. Y.—imp ro v emtm t in Wiek
Movers, — Patent dated October 13, 1863.— The invention consists in the application of a
spring to a wheel or roller, between which and another roller the wiek passes, so as to pire*
vent the friction against the sides of the tube.

Claim. — ^The application of the spring B and wheels or rollers O C to the wiek-inbe A*
acting in such a manner as to take off the friction of the wick upon the inside of the wiok-
tobe and operate wicks ef various thicknesses with equal ease and certainty.

No. 40,235.— Isaac Bolmer, of Franklin, Ohio.— /m|^ove<{ Proceu for Treating Fruit
Trees, — Patent dated October ]3, 1863. — A cone of soil is raised around the trunk of the tree,
and the branches bent down and enclosed in troughs, which rest on the sides of the cone, as
a means of protection to them and their fruit buds in certain seasons or inclement weather.

Claim, — ^The process or treatment of fruit trees, including the mode of planting, mound-
ing, and trimming, substantially as herein described.

Also, in combination with the mounds A A, &c, and the process substantially as herein
described, the use of the boxes B B, du;., arranged as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,236.— George W. Bilunos, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Mnhod of Drying Flax
mnd Hems.— Patent issued October 13, 1863; antedated September 28, 1663.— The inven-
tion consists in drying hemp, flax, &«., in the bundle in a tight chamber, by hot air under



pressure, allowing the air to escape at intervals.

Claim, — The drying of flax and hemp in the bundle, in an enclosed chamber, by means
ef hot air under pressure, and in such manner that the vapor mav be permitted to escape at >
proper intervals auring the drying process, substantially as described and set forth.

No. 40,237.— ^ESSB BOWEN, of Yellow Bod, Boss county, Ohao.-^Improvement in Cider
Hii^.-'-Patent dated October 13, ] 863. —This invention consists in a peculiar construction of
the ranpiBg cyhnder, in which the rasping teeth are inserted in grooves and project somewhat
beyond t& periphery of the cylinder, tc^ether with an arran^ment of an eccentric fork-
shaped arm-rod, arm, and projections, by which the fruit is forcibly pressed down with aa
intennittent action.

Ciatm.— The arran^meot of the eeoentric K, lever L, rod N, arm O, and projections «,
substantially as and lor the pnrpose specified.

Also, the construction of the raspmg cylinder 0, inserting the serews or rasoing pins e
in the chaands or grooves d', allowing their headii to prcject but a short distance beyond the
fane of tlie cylinder, at the same time affording a sufficient space nnder the heads for ihe free
escape of puip, as herein specified.

Ko. 40,238.— Samuel D. Broad, of Bedford, Pa.— /mvrovssMst in Smut Jtft/Zs.— Pateat
dated October 13, 1^163. — This mill consists of a cylindrical chamber, whose sides are formed
of vertical slats and interstices, within which revolves a cylinder with flanges around ita
peripheiy, radially corrugated and serpentine in their form ; a Ian in a lower cylinder aets
upon the grain as it passes from the smutting cyhnder mto a q;K>ut, and elevates aad dis-
CD9XgG8 the dust while the grain escapes at. a lower orifice.

C/aiia.— The employment of the serpentine and radially eonmgated plates y, in eeabiaa-
tion with the verticallx^bbed and slotted cylinder C, pipes H, fan £, and spool J, i "^'^
together as herein shown and described, for the purpose set forth.



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TIB Mtm^ M^om 0r n»

dttted^ October 13, 1869. — ^Thia pomp consists of ft single ejthider or bwrrel, in whicli traveon
sredprecating pistoti ; tW Wnter is aHemately disclrarged at either end into passages whtek
n»et in the air-chamber, and is pireTented from rtmning back by ball valves on approprilto
seals in each passage ; the waler is discharged from the snamiit of tibe air-chamboir, lu tbt
cylinder and jpassaces ai^ so compactly organized as to l>e cast in one pieco.

CUim* — ^FiTst, the combination with an ordinary pnmp barrel and piston of porti «
channels, and a valre chamber under the arratigemont and for opemtion, substaofttallj ai
herehibefors shown and described.

Second, the arrangement hereinbefore described, in relation to the pnmp barrel, of ports a
channels and a valve chamber, S6 that the same may be cast in one piece, snbetantislly as
herein set forth.

No. 40,240.— C. W. Cahoon, of Portland, Mq.— Improvement in Lom^if .—-Patent datea
October 13, 1863. — The improvement consists in a stiffening stay or additional plate beoasA
the shank of the vibrating plate, which constitutes the chimney holder, and in a sliding bolt
over the Mnge of vibration of the chimney holder, by which when the bolt is dropped fte
holder is fast, and by rai^ng which partially the hol(Jer is fhted, so as to be vibrataUe^ ta
naeovering the wick-tnbe for cleansing, trimming, tSkc.

CUim. — The combination of a sheet met«^ chhnney holder with a stay for the dnsk
thereof, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of a sliding bolt With the vibratable chittney^ holder of a laos^ nb-
itsntMiiiy as herein set forth*

Ko. 40,241.— Charles W, Cahoon, of Portland, Me.— /mprovemenl in Lamft.— PsM
iatad October 19i 1863.— The clamp snpport of the chimney holder is fastened by mesas of
SI tooth aad racess to secure it from turning upon the burner, and with tongues to prevent it
ftom. lateral diaplaoeBBent ; the burner is surrounded with a prorated and corrugated plate,
and it is inserted into the collar of the lamp with a check-screw to limit the distance to
whielfrit can be entered.

Ctetait — ^The oombinatiottof ^e damp support of the chimney holder with the burner bf
means of a tooth and recess to prevent the support from turning upon the burner, sutefaih
tiallv as set forth.

Also* a perforated corrugated air-chamber for a lamp, constructed substantin% as isk
forth.

Also, the combination of the chimney holder with two tongues to bear against the opposii*
sides of the burner, or some part secured thereto, and prevent the bending of the cnunaej
bolder laterally by the unscrewing or screwing^ in of the burner, substantially as set forth.

Also, the combination of the burner which is connected with the collar of the lamp by s
ecrew-thread with a stop, which limits the distance to which the burner can be screwed into
the collar of the lamp, substantially as set forth.

Ko. 40,242.— John Capell, of Dansville, Livingston county^ N. Y.^InmovemeMiMOtm
Sievte. — Patent dated October l:i, 1863. — The improvement consists in mudng the peiforsted
sheet metal of a corrugated form, with the openings in the valleys, or when it is inohaed
transversely to the line of direction of the comigntions, with the openings on the steps^

Claim. — A grain sieve or perforated sepaiator having a waved suriaoe) snhoteerinHy ts
and for the purposes herein described.

NOk 40,243.— Otis N. CnadE, of Boston, Mass.— /jnfrev^eiefK in Com HarvetierB.—V^kBoi
dated October 13, 1863. — The maclnne is driven along a row of com in such a manner as to
bnng a cutter fastened near the ground against one row of stalks which pass between geid«i>
whica conduct the row or hill back to rollers until it passes behind a spring; tkd leMsis,
votated by the driving wheel of the machine^ now drag the stalk downwards, but the iMMB*
pressibility of the ears prevents them from passing, and they are torn off and \^ befetad,
fipom whence they (ail to other rollers that tear ofiF Uio husk and release them, so that tbey
uM down the incline into the bag or receptacle.

Cimm.— First, the frame D of the harvester provided with the driver's platfbrm B la Ae
front, and the attendant s platform B' in the rear, and with the gathering rollers //t and tbe
eottduit I, to conduct the harvested material iuro receptaoles near said platform B', substan-
tially as described and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the sprmg guide beam D, or its equivalent, in combination with the IncIiDsa
lellers//, substantially as described.

Third, the combination of the spring s, or its equivalent, with rollers// and beamD, finb-
etantiallv as described.

Fourth, the cutter y attached to the firamo B, in combination with the rollers // snbslaft-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 127 of 164)