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plate pictures to be inserted) with an enc^raved or face card A and fly-leaf fr, mnlring « csri
mount for metallic plate pictures, as herem shown and described.

No. 40,303.- Manuel WmiER, of South Pekln, Niagara county, N. T.— JTodUst Jk
Orinding and Poli$king Lesses.— Patent dated October i:<, 186:1.— The basin or grii^sf
bed rotates horisontally, and the lens is suspended over it on the end of a shaft, whidt a
supported in a frame and is held down with the required pressure b^ a spring. The frame i^
supported on a carriage, which has a reciprocating and lateral niouon, by means of a craak
attachment beneath, and the shaft itself has a rotating motion hy the friction of a wbe&
located thereon, inside of a circular oi>ening in the frame. The rim retains the water fiir
moistening the grinding material.

C/atm.— Grinding and polishing the lens upon the basin L, when the basin has a tumiiif
motion, and the lens has an independent revolving motion of its own, and a vibrating longi-
tudinal and lateral motion, produced by the reciprocation of the carriage, in such a manner
that said lens travels in a new part over the surface of the basin at each revolution, snh-
stantiallv as herein set forth. *

Also, in combination with the outer duumel a, the rim r, arranged substantiallj as and •
for the purpose herein specified.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the jointed frame H, bow M, carriage £, and
adjusting spring N, substantiallj as herein set forth.

Also, the special arrangement and oonstruotion of the whole machine, substantiaUj si

No. 40,304.— William H. Andrews, of New Haven, Conn., assignor to Himself and
Charles H. HuRD, of New Bochelle, N. Y.^-Improvement in Window Slat FaMemer.—
Patent dated October 13, 1863. — ^This fastener consists of a catch, fastened bj screws to the
fi-ame, and bearine against the end of one of the slats with sufficient force to hold all the
slats in anv desired position. When the slats are closed, the spring or catch spring over
the edge of the lowest one so as to hold them all shut. Bj pressing back the spring tbe
slats are released, so that thej maj be opened at pleasure.

C/atm.— The spring or catdi D, secured to the firame A, in combination with the slats B B,
as heieinbefore set forth.

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No. 40.305.— OuvKR H. Blood and F. C. Treadwell, Jr., of New York, N. Y., as-
iignors to Oliver U. Blood. — Improvement in Needle Wranptre, — Patent dated October J:>,
J8i>3. — ^Thia improTement consists in combining within the ordinary needje paper a caao,
formed by a wide transverse indentation of a piece of thick i>aper, through ihe shoulders of
which, exposing the middle of the needle in the said indentation, the needles are driven and
securely fastened, being further protected by the ordinary wrapper.

Claim, — ^The improved needle wranper, having a needle holder directly combined with It,
substantially in the manner and for the purposes hereinbefore described. •

No. 40,306.-1. Habolton Brown, of Boston, Mass., assignor to S. S. Bucklik, of
firookline, Mass. — Improvement in Machine for Pegging Boots and Shoes, — ^Patent dated
October 13, 1863. — In this machine the knife and its rod are made in one piece, and secured
to the plunger so as to avoid the jarring loose uoder the strain and severe blows of the ham-
mer; ttie knife is actuated by a projection on the periphery of the plunger, which, traversing
the slot 0, impinges upon the spiral spring and depresses the knife rod ; the same projection,
in its upward motion, elevating the knife rod by mipingement against the projection, and,
bringing the edge of the knife against the peg strip, cut off a peg for the next downward
movemeni, the peg strip being supported against the wall of the peg trough by a spring.

Claim, — ^The method herein substantially described of uniting and securing the knife rod
to the plunger, whereby the knife and its rod may be made in a single piece for the purpose
set forth.

Also, the construction of the knife rod and its arrangement relatively to the plunger so as
to effect the bearing of the pin upon the spring, substantially in the manner and for the pur-
pose set forth.

Also, in combination with a knife that splits off the peg upon its upward motion, sup-
porting the peg strip by the upper wall of the peg trough and holding it there by a spring
oeneatn it as set forth.

No. 40,307.— John Cook, of Paterson, N. J., and Alba F. Smith, of Norwich, Conn.. '
assignors to John Cook.— Improvement in Steam Engines,— PskiBnt dated October 13, 1863.—
The object is to proportion the quantity of water pumped to the boiler to the amount of steam
used. The stem of the steam valve and the plunger of the pump are continuous. The
reciprocating motion is given to them by the eccentric rod and link, which latter embrace.') a

{>in on the plunger rod. The throw of this plunger rod is modified by means of the hand
ever and its connexions, which raises or lowers the link and varies the motion of the plunger.
Claim. — FHrst, simultaneously varying the throw of the pump plunger M and of the valve
E by the single hand lever J, or its equivalent, substantially in the manner and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

Second, giving a variable throw to the pump plunger M and vidve stem L, which are
rigidly connected and arranged, subBtantialiy in the manner and for the purposes herein set

No. 40,308.— Seth &, Drew, of Dixon, Lee county, HI., assignor to A. D. and H. J.
Drew, of same place.— /mprore^ Mode of Cutting Boots,— Pa^ni dated October 13, 1863.—
The pattern will be best nnder8tok)d from the illustration ; the seams at the sides joining tka
backs and fronts are dispensed with and the pattern so cut as to make the seam in front.

Claim, — ^The boot pattern herein described when the leg piece is cut with vertical edges,
to form a vertical seam directly up the front of the boot leg as specified.

No. 40,309. — R. B. Killen, of Canton, Stark county, Ohio, assizor to C. Aultman
& Co., of same place. — Improvement in Teeth for Threshing Cylinders,— Vektent dated
October 13, 1863. — ^The tooth has a straight screw shank entering the cylinder radially, and
a flan^ at right aiftles to the shank which is secured to the peripoery of the cylinder.

Claim, — ^A tooth for threshing cylinders having a screw shank B, and a foot or brace B",
through which a screw is passcS into the wood of the cylinder, the Ivhole being constructed
and united to the cylinder in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

No. 40,310.— Philip Pointon, of Trenton, N. J., assignor to Himself, James Ford and
Charles Leake, of same place.— Improved Crockery Stilts, — Patent dated October 13,
1863.- This is an improvement on the said assignee's patent No. 39,356, and consists in pro-
viding a cover for the wa|^ with lugs or other devices to connect it to the stilts.

Cl&m, — ^The above described cover, substantially as specified for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,311.~Oeoroe Rehfuss, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to C. S. Patterson, E.
PiNCUS, H. Hart, M. Moore, A. Hitchell, and H. H. Reed, all of same place.—Jm-
provement in Sewing AfocAtnes.— Patent dated Oct)ber 13, 1863.— The improvement consists
in the arrangement of the parts forming the stitch, which are the reciprocating needle, the
looper and the hooked loop holder ; the detail of their motions cannot be given within the
limits of this abstract, but the result is, that loops of the under thread are lapped over the
edge of the fabric, interlocked by Uie upper thread, and secured by the same to the fi^bric.

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Cfotm.— The eombkiatios of Had reciprocating e^e^inied needle F, the loooer K, lod
loop holder R, the whole being anangea and operating sabstantiallj as and for the poipon

No. 40,313.— Thkophilus S. Smith, of Lowell, Mass., assignor to Himself and Akbrev
W. SMrru.— im^nwMf Curb Bil.-^Patent dated October 13, 1863.~-The cheek ban are
eonnected by a rigid cross-bar and are pivoted upon the bar to which the check rein tod
headstall hanj^ers are attached, so that a draught npon the cnrb igsm does not rotate the
haulers or twist the str^M connected thereto, nor do they interfere with the action of the

Ctatm.— The improyed corb bit as made, with the cross-bar A so applied to the dwek
levem B B as to be capable of revolying the rein, in manner and for the purpose snb*
stantially as described.

Also, the bit as so made, and having an auxiliary cross-bar C arranged with respect to tbe
cross-bar A, and extended from one cheek lever to the other, substantially in manner and
for the purposes or objects as specified.

Also, the arrangement of the headstall and che<^ rein hangers, with respect to the cbed
levers B B and cross-bar A.

No. 40,313.— HbnrT Stanley, of St. Johnsbury, Caledonia county, Yt., assignor to
Stanley and Tarble— frnpravement in Flour and Grain Elevator8.^Fa,tent dated October
13, 1B63. — ^A fan and case are so located between the millstones and the cooling receptacle
as to receive the meal by a spout from the former, and drive it through a sj^ut to the latter,
where it is driven up into a hollow cone, and distributed over the cooler, Irom which it de*
scends to the bolt.

Ciuim. — First, the combination of the conducting trough or tube F and tube H with a
rotary fan confined within the casing £, and operated substantially as specified — employed
to elevate or convey flour or grain to the cooling or airing receptacle.

Second, in combination with the aforesaid conducti^ tubes F and H, rotary fan and
casing £, the receiver I J M, operated as described and partially covered with gauze or
other porous material, for cooling and airing the article being treated previous to passiDg
into the bolt L.

Ko. 40,314.— James T. Watson, of Richmond, Wayne county, Ind., assignor to Fun-
self and Charles W. Woolin, of same place. — bnvrovement in Gate Hinges, — ^Patent
dated October 13, 1863. — ^The wing or vibrating part of the hinge is attached to the gate bj
means of a cap which sets over it and a set screw in the said clamp.

Claim. — Holding the wing B to its place by the cap D and set screw £, as described
and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,315.— John Watson, Jr., of Louisville, Ky., assignor to Himself, John P.
Lackstcder and Frank Lacksteder, of same place.— /mprooemefU in Grates.— Patpnt
issued October 13, 1863 ; antedated October 2, 1863.— This consists of a box to be placed
so as to rest upon the top of the grate and be supported by the arch of the fine ; it extends
out into the apartment, and has aor inner plate wnich extends to the back of the flue, the
eflfect of which is to divert the heat from its direct passage up the chimney, and cause it to
circulate in the box and heat the apartment.

Claim, — The box A, provided with an open side a and a plate B, arranged substantially
as shown, or in an equivalent way, so as to be capable of being applied to a grate, to fomi
a portable or removable heat-radiating device, as herein set form.

No. 40,31^.— J. B. Edgell, G. P. Martin, H. C. Kello<»g, and £. A. Alexander, of
Qnasqueton, Buchanan county, Iowa. — Improvement in Grain DrUU, — Patent dated Octo-
ber 13, 1863. — The seed slide is operated so as to reciprocate in its pltfce at the bottom of
the seed box by means of a spring and prcjections on the inner &oe of the wheel which act
alternately on the pivoted lever.

C/aim.— The arrangement of the vibrating laterally adjustable slide F, having Y reoeesei
if, with the bottom 6, spring H', lever I, ana hinged bar H, in the manner herein shown and

No. 40,317.— Horatio Andrews, of Fredonia, N. Y,— Improvement in Scrafert.— Patent
dated October 20, 1863. — ^The object of this improvement is to ^nstruct a scraper whicli
shall be more easily managed in difficult situations, as, for instance, in stony ground. It
runs ner.r the ground on wheels, joumalled on crank axles, which are also joumalled under
the bed of the scraper, and, to facilitate its removal when not in use, has a draught pole
with points of attachment to the bed of the scraper and the draught chain.

Claim, — First, the journal boxes e at the bottom of the box A, in combination with the
crank axle C and wheels B, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose
substantially as set forth.

Second, the emplovment or use of the draught pole £ with a forked eudd' and hook/, In
combination with the box A, Chain d, and double tree D, tUl arranged and^perating as and
for the pui;po8e specifled. *

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No. 40,318.— IBAAO Banister, of Newark, Ebmz coantj, N. J, "^Improved Semi-Liquid
Wax, for Sewing TArva^.— Patent dated October 20, ] 863.— The object of this invention is
to provide a material which shall be more readily applied than the ordinary warm wax, and
this ia done bj treating pitch at not above 150" Fahr. with naphtha, in the poportion of six
of the former in sommer and five in wint^ to one of the latter, and mampcUating to the
consistency desired.

Ctetm.— The compoimd semi-liqaid wax, when made substantially in the manner and for
the purpose herein aoove specified.

No. 40,319.— John H. Beadle, of New York, N. Y.— /wjmwswsjU t« Breast Pmrm.—
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — The invention consists in the employment of an dastio
hemisphere setting upon a flanged disk on the cap, the upper part of the same being furnished
with a cap containing a valve, acting in combination witn thie diaphragm and protected by
aome oiled cotton in an appropriate chamber.

Claim. — ^First, the employment or use <^ the elastic hemisphere £, in combination with
the flanged disk D, and cup A, constructea and operating in tne manner and for the purpoee
substantiallv as herein shown and described.

Second, the valve s, constructed of a strip of oiled silk or other suitable material, and oper-
ating in combination witli the diaphragm £ and cup A, in the manner and for the purpose

Third, the chamber tf in the disk D, arrsn^ to contain some oiled cotton and to protect
the valve e, substantially in the manner specified.

No. 40,320.— J. F. BmcHARD, of Milwankie, Wisconsin.— im^mn^ SHdeefor Bxtmuimt
Ta6/es.— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— This invention consists in an arrangement of
double-grooved bars and slides, made with separate adjustable s^oove bar and bolts, secur-
ing greater immunity from becoming jammed by swelling, ana- giving a greater range of
extension with a given length of sli&.

Claim, — ^The combination of the bars B when double grooved as shown, with the slides
A, when made with separate adjustable grooved bars a a and pieces h h, and adjusting bolts
£*, all in the manner herein shown and Mcrib^

No. 40,321.— John Bowdlbar, of Boxbury, Norfolk oannty, Mass.— /w yrwesi a irt ia
Natal ^rc^itec(vre.— Issued October 20, 1863; antedated October 14, 1863.— The nature
of this invention consists in making longitudinal grooves in that part of the vessers hull
under water, tapering out at the stem and stem to nothing, so as to secure steadiness and
prevent the vessel from rolling ; also, constructing the ribs of the vessel and the projecting
folds with reference to a groovisd or furrowed sheiShing.

Claim. — First, the constructing a ship's bottom with the series of peculiarly shaped
grooves or channels and ridges or folds as described, said grooves or channels being nnaer^
cut and tapoiing each way from the amidships to the stem imd stem, respectively, as set forth.

Second, constracting the ribs of a vessel with the curved portion/ and series of projecting
folds f gt &c, for the purpoee of receiving and serving as a backing to a grooved or fur-
1 owed covering or sheathing as described.

No. 40,322.— Henkt W. Bowen, of Providence, R. h^bap r rn Hm emt in Machine for Separ-
miimg from tke Staik and TwMing Wood^ Fi^fvt.— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— This im-
provement consists in a eombinanon of machinery by which the fibre of wood is manipulated
automatically ; being, by a series of movements, twisted so as to loosen the fibres; a fibre
raised so as to admit of its being ^pped by the fingers and stripped from the stalk, and
eveutoally twisting it and making' it suitable for spinning or other useful purpose.

Clmim. — ^A combination consisting ai the following elements or their mechanical equiva-
lents, vis:

First, machinery for holding and revolving the stalk, With an intermittent motion.

Second, machinery for raising the end of a fibre in order that such may be seised by the
BippeFS or mechanism by which such fibre is to be stripped from the stalk.

Third, machinery for seising the fibre and stripping it from the stalk.

Fourth, machinery for twisting the fibre or nbrea, the whole being to operate together,
substantially as hereinbefore described.

And furthermore, a combination consisting not only of the above-mentioned elements, but
machinerv substantiallv as specified, for drawing the fibre or fibres in manner and with le*
spect to the twister as hereinbefore explained.

No. 40,323.— Levi Brown, of Pontiae, Erie county, Mich.— J^ii|mweiiiesl in BedUass.—
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^The invention consists in making the orifice of the bee en-
trance adjustable by shutters folding laterally in the tunnel, in a hollow opaque button, by
which the ventilating opening is darkened without dosing, and in an embracing or over-
banging frame, in which the comb slats are secured so as to hold them firmly in their xela-
tivo places and distances from each other and the sides of the hive.

Claim. — First, the arranirement of a^ustable shutters D, in the bee entrance C, in eombi-
nation with the holes b, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

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Second, the hollow opaqae button g, in combtnation with the yentflating opeiteg /, i
itantiallj as set forth. *

Third, the oyerhanging parts of extensions 6* 9f the top and b^tom parts of the'C
arranged Felativelj to the notched bars and to the sides of the hire, snbstautiallj as sad fior
the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,324.— OhaslesT. Chester, of New York, ^,Y,^Imfro99memtim UimlTdt-
graphs, — ^Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^The invention consists of a circuit-breaker ac-
tuated bj clock-work and controlled bj a balance-wheel; in a combination of the abon
with the needle of a dial telegraph; in a combination of the above with dial keys; in tbe
combination of the needle of the dial telegraph with the escapement actuated hy the ck>d-
work, shifdnff from the armature lever pallet of the receiving magnet to the pallet of tbe
balance-wbe^ which controls the action of the circuit-breaker.

Claim, — ^First, the circuit-breaker, in combination with a train of clock-work whenbj it
is actuated, and a balance-wheel whereby its uniform action is secured, substantially as de-

Second, the combination of the needle of a dial telegpraph with a drcuit-breaker actuatid
by clock-work and regulated by a balance-wheel, substantially as described.

Third, the combination of dial keys with a circuit-breaker driven by clock-woik and n^
nlated by a balance-wheel, substantiallv as described.

Fourth, in combination with the needle of a dial tele^ph, the shifting escapement wbee^
constantly connected with and actuated by a train of clock-work, when arranged to «^
from the armature lever pallet of the receiving ma^et to the pallet of a balance-wheel, co-
trolling and regulatinjB^ the action of the mechanism for opening and closiu^ the chcvt,
substantially as and ror the purpose described.

No. 40,325.— Edgar Chipman, of New York, N. T.-— /m^mwemeiK t» CruMmg Br^

Patent dated October 20, 1863. — Ui>on a bed-plate with raised ways or edges is a
cylindrical roller with standards rising from each end, carrying a counterpoise weight to
make it roll more effectually. These ways are formed of long^tumnal wedflre-ehaped piec«i,
which, sli4ing on their inclined edges, vary their height. To the sides of ine vibrating ben
are bearin^i, which rest upon the wavs and support the box from contact with the bed, if
desired. Buttons on the ends gf the box being rotated may support the box tilted up on iti

C/otMi. — ^First, the cylindrical or semi-cylindrical head or block A, provided with the slid-
ing or acy'ustable weights C fitted on arms a, in connexion with a bed £, ail arranged sub-
stantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the bearings D attached to the sides of the head or block A, in connexion with thi
ways F on the bed £, for thepurpose specified.

Third, the ways or guides £, constructed of two longitudinal adjustable parts e c, subetao-
tially as shown, in combination with the counterpoised head or block, for the purpose specified.

Fourth, the buttons G attached to the bearing D, and constructed substantially as shown,
for the purpose of holding the block in an inchned position when tilted or turned on either
end as set forth.

No. 40,326.r~JoHN S. CLark and Washington Harris, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Imprem-
ment in Fire Doors for Stoves,— Patent dated October 20, 1803.— The nre door Is provided
with a register, circular or otherwise, and openings with panes of mica, so that the latter can
be exposed at will by the motion of the register.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the- mica in the fire or feed door of a stove provided with a
movable disk or slide and suitable openings, so that the said mica can be either covered or
exposed, as occasion may requil^ without opening the said door, substantially as described
for the purpose specified.

No. 40,327.— W. J. Clarh, of Southington, Hartford county, Conn. — hmprovemmt is
Bo/^.— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The invention consists in swaging the square shank
of the bolt by convex dies in such a manner as to force metal from the ndes to tho corner
of the shank, to make it fill a larger hole, and one which will be readily traveraed by the
thread on the other portion of the lM>lt.

Claim. — ^The bolt substantially herein described, constituting a new article of manufiMsture,
as herein set forth.

No. 40.328.— Lyman B. Crittenden, of Cincinnati, Ohio,— Tmprof>ement in Pumps.—
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^In this pump the piston-rod is hollow and communicates
with a reciprocating cylinder which traverses by guide-rods upon a lower cylinder like a
sleeve. The piston-rod is prolonged some distance into the upper cylinder to which it is at-
tached, forming an annular air-cnamber, and just below its onfice is a ball-valve and seat,
which, as the piston and cylinder are depressed, rises and admits the passage of water upward.
On the top of the lower cylinder is a seat and ball-valve answering the same purpose as the usual
k>wea: valve in the stock of an ordinary suction pump ; these biE^-valves have a cover over

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them to pierent displacement. Twp of these pomps are operated by tile attachment of their

Eistons to a walking-beam, and below these pumps are two others, wheu rendered necessarjr
y the depth of the well, tbe lower one workinjg in the same way by a yoke attachment to
the upper, anddischarginff into a basin firopi which the water is removed by the npper pum{>8.

Claim, — First, the combination of a hollow piston-rod C, reciprocating cylinder B, and air-
chamber D, substantially as described. •

Second, in combination with the walkinff-beam F, the cylinders Bl B2 B3 atid B4, and
hollow piston-rods CI C2 C3 and C4, with tneir corres and basin, substantially as described.

Third, the combination of the hollow piston-rod C, reciprocating cylinder B, and stationary
cylinder A, substantially as described.

Fourth, in combination with the third claim, the guide-rods e, and collar /, substantially
as described.

FifUi, in combination with reciprocating cylinders Bl and B3, the rods f' p\ arranged
and operating substantially as shown.

Sixth, the combination in a ball yalve of a wood or metal cot^, substantially as described.

No. 40,329.-0. B. Davis, of Chicago, JH.— Improvement in FUuts and Coo^s.— Patent
dated October 20, 1863. — ^The lower part consists of a water-chamber surrounded by ice, and
that enclosed in a double wall. Above is a water-chamber with a central filter, through

Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 130 of 164)