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which the water passes to reach the lower chamber.

C^«tsii.— The filtering chamber £, provided with the stopper G, of cork or other suitable
substance, in combination with the ice-chamber B, and c(Ad- water chamber 0, the latter being

• provided with an opening e in the top to receive the stopper G, and all arranged as and for
the purpose specified.

No. 40,330. — MuNSOV C. Crokk and SidvetW. Palmer, of Auburn, Cayuga county, N.
Y. — Improved Waehing Madkine. — ^Patent dated October 20, ldd3. — This machine consists
of a tub-shaped receptacle with a false bottom, having on its upper surface radial ribs ; a
central standard rises from this false bottom, and around it an upper disk provided with ribs

• is caused to vibrate in contact with the clothes which are between the ribbed disks, under the
impulse of a lever suitably connected with the moving disk, which has hinged flaps for the
examination and removal of clothes.

Claim, — ^The fulcrum U, the lever H, the collar L, the ribs a a, the^ buttons P P, the
hinged sections B B, the false bottom c, the upright D, the whole constructed and arranged
Bubstai>tially as herein set forth.

No. 40,331.— John Davis, of Alleghanv Cit^, V^— Improvement in Railroad Car Coup-
lings, — ^Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^Tbe pomt of the tongue outers the bevelled space on
the draw-head of the other car and forces aside the pivoted jaw, w^ich returns by a spnng and
catches behiqd the enlarged head of the protruding tongue. The uncoupling is effected by
unhooking the supporting cord and allowing the tongue to drop.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the flexible jaws b anuc, coupling tongue m, recess j, sto^g,
springs h b and r, and chambers B ai and to, the whole being arran^, constructed, and
operating substantially as herein described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,332.— John Davis, of Alleghany City, FK,-^improvement in Railroad Car
Brakes, — Patent dated October 20, 1863. — The cessation of the traction unon the draw-heads
brings the bii^es into action and the wheels are relieved from the brakes before the drawing
power of the locomotive reaches the car. The pressure of the brakes is due to the springs,
and it is relieved by the draught of the locomotive upon the draw-heads. The brakes are
kept off the wheels by drawing on a cord, raising a piece so that a recess is caught by a pawl.
« The springs act upon the brakes by means of a central wheel and connexion with the bra^ke
bturs.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the bars e and /, guide-plates d^ brakes e, springs #, levers
p and 9, rods j km and «, swivel plate 5, pieces 7, and braces «, the whole being con-
structed, arranged, and operating in the manner and by the means herein described and for
the purpose set forth.

No. 40,333.— WiLUAM Davis, of Tamaqua, Schtiylkill county, Vek.—Mmsieal Instrument,^
Patent dated October 20, 1663. — The invention consists in the combination and arrange-
ment of two or more horizontal bows operating at right angles across two or more sets of
strings, arranged with their stops and couplers, so as to produce the sounds of the harp and
violin by the operation of keys set in a finger-board.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of two or more horizontal sliding bows operating upon two or
more sets of strings, with their levers I, keys £, lifters N, coupler i, treadle F, and crank G,
with fl^-wheel H, arranged, combined, and operated as herein described, for the purpose of
producmg the musical sounds of the harp ana violin.

No. 40,334.— C. T. Day, of Newark, N. J, ^Improvement in LamM.— Patent dated Octo-
ber 20,. 1863.— The burner of the lamp is prolonged at its lower end, forming a tube which

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732 ANNUAL EEPOKT OP THE

extends below the collar; on the ontside of the tnbe are spiral grooves which, as the btuner
is rotated, are trayersed bj pins on the inside of the collar, and the burner thereby raised m
as to expose a hole above the collar through which the nozzle of the feeder may be injected
and the lamp filled without detaching Uie burner.

Claim, — ^The combination with the burner C and socket A of the tube D, opening^, spinl
grooves "e, and pins/, substantiallj in the mannw herein shown and described.

No. 40,335.— William Dbnkmakn, of Philadelphia, Vtk.-^hnfrovement in Steam Engim,
—Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The cylinder is provided with a plurality of 8team•geDe^
ating chambers, into which boiling water is ix\jected in the form of spraj in regular succes-
sion and in advance of the time m which the cylinder is opened to receive the steam, so as
to enable each cylinder to regain its maximum heat, whereby the steam becomes super-
heated, ^he aevices refer to the spray-ii\}ecting nozzle and pump, and the peculiarly c<»i-
structed rotary cylindrical valve ttnfi case.

Claim, — ^fliBt, combining and arrancpng the screens h with pumps G and steam-generating
chambers B, substantially as described, for the purpose of i^ectmg water, in the form of
spray, uniformly upon the surface of the chamber^.

Second, the comDination and arrangement of the valve case E and valve F with the cyl-
inder A and a plurality of steam-generating chambers B, for the purpose of transmitting the
steam from the chambers into the cylinder, substantially as describea.

Third, constructing the rotary vsJve F with the induction opening 13, in connexion wiUi
the exit openings 14 15 16 and 17, when combined with and arranged to operate in relation .
to the case £ and cylinder A, for the purpose of supplying the latter with steam, substan-
tially in the manner above desmbed.

Fourth, constructing the valve F with the openings 18 19 80 and 21, in connexion with
the openings 22 23 24 and 25, substantially as represented, when made to operate in connex-
ion with i& passages efof the cylinder A and the openings 11 and 12 of tne case £, in ex-
hausting the steam from the cylinder, substantially as described.

No. 40,336.— Wm. R. Dingman, of Stuyvesant Falls, Columbia county, N. Y.— imjww*-
meta in Paper Presses.— Patent issued October 20, 1863; antedated October 11, 1863.— The
loose paper in bundles is deposited on the lower jaws of the press ; the hand-wheel is re-
volved, causing the upper jaws to descend upon the paper and compress it to the degree
required ; the twine is then placed around the compressed bundle in the intervals betweea
the jaws and tied ; the upper jaws are attached by shanks to a sliding frame which is moved
by Bevel gearing from a hand-wheeL

Claim, — Firs^ constructing and employing a press with a series of jaws or correspondinf^
upper or nether metallic plates J J J J J and L L L L L, all disconnected, so that while the
paper is being subjected to the required pressure it may be easily tied into reams or bundles.

Second, the arrangement of the standards kkkkk with their plates L L L L'L, operating
in combination with i i t i i with their respective plates J J J J J, substantially in the man-
ner and for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, the combination and arrangement of the several parts and devices employed to op-
erate the sliding frame B, or their equivalents, substantially as and for the purpose Beiem
set forth.

No. 40,337.— Edward S. Fargo, of Dixon, Lee county. 111.— /mproosmeia in PUufarm
5caZss.— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The beams supporting the platform are suspended
from four levei^, the large ends of which are suspended from the fmme of the f^paratns;
the small ends of the levers ore connected to the respective ends of the double fever, hj
means of which the effect of the weight on eadi lever is combined on one point, which is ,
itself suspended from a weighted and graduated lever, where the result is read off.

Claim.- The combination and arrangement of the levers F F G G with the double or
jointed levers H H^ the rod d, sjid scale beam L, all arranged and operating sabstantiall/
as and for the purpose herein delineated and described.

No. 40,33».— W. T. Fry, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mprot»«me«< in Flasks ttnd BotiUt,-
Patent dated October 20, 1663.— A screw ooUar is oemented to the neck of the bottle, and
upon it is screwed a cm> packing down an elasfic cushion on to the lip of the bottle.

Claim, — ^The neck A of the bottle and the cap C, both being constructed, adapted, uid
cemented to each other and arranged for the reception of the screw cap £, aU substanuaU/
as set Ibrth.

No. 40,339.— E. A. Goodes, of Philadelphia, I^a.— /mprooe<2 Stair Rod Fastenini;"
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^This consists of two levers, each with two cam-like projeO'
tions applied to the fastening of a rod for confining a narrow carpet, and the addition thereto
ot a bracket for confining a broad carpet.

CZaim.— First, the levers B and B% with their oam-like projections « e, ooostmoted and
applied to stair rods, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Second, in combination with the said levers B and B', and their cam-like projections c c,
the brackets £, applied to the stairs, substantially as described, for the purpose spediied.



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COHMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 733

No. 40,340.— Anpbbw Hunteb, of Sc^aoo oonnty, Ctkl—Improvemfnt in Orain 5flM-
nUort,— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The grain is fed from a hopper to the upper ena of
a shoe, or parallel shoes, which have a series of perforated riddles adapted to retain larger
grain than the kind under treatment; these pass on at the end of the last riddle in this shoe,
while the smaller fall through on to a riddle whose meshes are of such a size as to clean out
the smaller offal which fall on to the bottom board ; the grain on the riddle and that on the
board are respectivelj diverted to the right and to the lefl to two receptacles; the shoes have
a longitudinal reciprocating motion derived from a double crank shaft.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of the screens E F G H I K, with the plate P, for the purpose
of more thoroughly separating the grain to be cleaned from grain of larger size, substiMitialljr
in the manner and for the purpose described.

Also, afi&xinff to the lower shoes the strips B and similar strips T in a reversed position on
the bottom of uie shoe under the screen M, for the purpose of guiding the grain into the hop-
per U, and chaff or small seed into the hopper Y.

Also, the arrangements in ffrain-cleaniujg nuujiines of trajs or shoes in two or more sets in
combination with the reversea cranks ana connecting roda, in the manner and for the pur-
poses set forth.

No. 40,341. — SABfUEL J. Kellt, of Pemberton, Burlington county, N. J. — Improvement
in Gra<««. - Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The movable central section of the grate is
supported bj a flange at the front top bar, and at the back by a bevelled bar resting in a
recess.

Claim, — ^In combination with the plates A A a a, grate bars B, and bar C, the movable
section A' B, supported at front hj means of the flanee a', and at back bj the bevelled bar
D, resting in a correspondiog recess £ £ in the bar C, when the said movable section ex-
tends completely around from the front and top to the lower and rear part of the grate, and
all the parts are constructed &nd arranged in the manner and for the purposes specified.

No. 40,2^42. — Jacob KiLLIAN, of Marshall, Marshall county, Iowa. — Fmpravement in Port'
able Fentes, — Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^The panels are made of tnree rails, and the
pickets are 8prun|^ against alternate sides of the central rail and the outer rails and nailed in
position. The raOs are secured to the posts, to which are attached base boards to lie on the
surface of the earth and steady the fence.

Claim. — The pickets D attached to the rails A A' A'^ by bending the same alternately in
reverse directions around the central rail A", and securing the same altematelv to opposite
sides of the top and bottom rails A A^ in connexion with the poets B, attached to one or
more of the rails and provided with horizontal bars C or rods £, substantially as and for the
purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,343.— William Eitson, of Lowell, Mbm,— Improvement in Fire Extingnithers,—
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^Fire among the cotton reaches the train, and, explodinc^ the
chfuge, drives the weight from the shelf, which draws down one end of the lever, and ele-
vating the other, removes the plug and lets on the water. *

C/atai. — ^The employment for admitting water to a cotton or other bin, to extinguish fire
therein, of a valve or cock, which is opened by means of a weight which is set free for the
par{>ose by the ignition of gunpowder or other explosive material, operating substantially as
nereiB described.

No. 40,344.— John L. Ekowltov, of Bordentown, Burlington county, N. J.—hnnroved
Samng ilfadbMs. —Patent dated October 20, 1863.— This is intended for sawing timber in
curved or bevelled form, such as ship timber. The gate or sash is placed between guides
^tached to a graduated ring fitted between friction rollers, and with a concentric sector rack
and a pinion, so that the saw while in operation may be adjusted from an inclined to a verti-
cal position, or viu verea, to suit the keri required. The saw is driven by a crank pulley and
pitman, and a slide which is attached to the gath.

Claim, — ^First, the attaching of the saw-name or sash H to a ring 0, fitted with friction
rollers D and turned or acyusted by means of the sector rack £ and pinions F, or their
equivalents, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, operating the saw-fi-ame or sash H through the medium of the slide t, pitman J
and crank pulley iT, all arranged substantially aa described.

No. 40,345.-
4m TkiU r

aiats in tbe mettiod of fastening in tbe bolt that passes throu^b the ejea or tne lacK and
gooseneck, which i^ by means of pivoted caps attached to the sides of the jack falling ovet
and engaging in grooves in the bolt, or lying fair against its end to prevent its accidental
displacement.

C/oini.— The combhkation of the caps W D, either or both, in combination with the bolt F.
in tbe manner and fi»r the purposes substantially as set forth.



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734 ANNUAL EEPOBt OP THB

No. 40,346.~Jamb8 Lewis, of German Flats, Herkimer county, N. Y.'—Jm^^rotmaA k
8witche$ for TeUgrapks. -^FaXeni datad October 20, 1863.~ThiB invention does not admtof
a Inief description. The springs, as arrauj^ in the apparatus, are practically bo ouaj
torminations of electrical conductors, and the bars serve to form connexions between said
sprinf^ ; the latter having been suitably and variously arranged on the 8arf^u:e of a cjlindo,
may be made to form anv desired connexions between such two or more of said spnngs m
may have been previously provided for.

Claim, — First, the barrel or cylinder 5, figures 1, 4, and 8, and its connecting bars I to
XVIII, .(ftB many as may be necessary,) or their combined equivalent, when arranged to
operate a^^ainst springs a, r, n, and e, or their equivalents, in the manner and for the purpose
hereinbefore set forth.

Second, the springs a, r, «, &<:., Figures 1, 2, 3, and 10, or their equivalents, (as maoTM
may be necessary, ) when arranged to act against a barrel 5 and its connecting bars I to
XVIU, or their combined equivalent, substantially in the maimer and for the purpose here-
inbefore set forth.

Third, the alternate arrangement of the springs a, A, r, g^ u, h\ 6, as shown in Figure 2,
when used for the purpose substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the notcheis 13, with the inclined surfaces each side thereof on the springs
a, r, «, &c.. Figures 1, 2, 3, 9, and 10, when arranged and used substantially in the manner
and for the purpose set focth.

Fifth, the mode described of limiting the upward movement and of preventing the lateral
movement of the springs a. r, n, &.c, ov means of the slot 11 in the end of each springs and
the hook-headed nail 10, in connexion therewith, or their equivalent, when used snbstantiall/
in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the combination and use of (first) the barrel 5 and its connecting bars I to XV 111,
or their combined equivalent, with (second) the springs a, r, », dec, or their eouivalents,
for the purpose substantially as set forth ; together with (third) a suitable dial ana index for
making said barrel, connecting bars and springs, or, their combined equivalent, practicsUx
available for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,347.— John D. Lynde, of Philadelphia, Fa,— Improved Soda ff^tUer Avparetu."
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^The serat^ water and the gas in the larger fountain an
admitted by distinct pipes into the measuring chamber, from which they are conducted by a
pipe and a cock to charge the smaller fountain ; the requisite proportion of gas in the latter
IS a^usted bv the valvo-stopper with its water and ^qa connecting passages.

Claim, — Ilie measuring coamber B, the fountain D, and the improved valve/, all con*
structed and operated substantially as described ; also the construction and arrangement of
the cock C, as described, by means of which I am enabled to introduce through hole h,
water or fas at a given pressure at will.

Also, the combination of the fountain D with the valve-stopper, and its use in connexioD
, with the apparatus, constructed substantially as described, for the purpose of being filled and
charged witk aerated water or ayy liquid to be held and discharged under pressure.

No. 40,348.— Charles Mater, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Trunks.— Fd^^
dated October 20, 186:1 — This trunk has triple sides and a double bottom, the sides beinj^
connected by slotted screw clamps, po that the middle part of each side slides between the
inner and outer parts, and the trunk can be enlarged in height^ a separate receptacle being
formed between the two bottoms.

Claim, — ^A trunk A having triple sides a, 6, c, and two bottoms d d\ said sides being con-
nected by slotted screw clamps C, substantially as and for the purposes herein shown and
described.

Also, the cavities A in the brackets of the clamps 0, as described, to prevent the screwf
from slipping when the trunk is set.

No. 40,349.— Charles McBurnby, pf Roxbury, Norfolk county, Mass.— /m/roi^ Srr«P
for Drop Presses. — Patent dated October^20, 1863. — Explained by the claim.

Claim, — ^The improved strap or belt for drop presses composed of several plies of canrn
cut diagonally and cemented together with vulcanized India-rubber, as set Mdh,

No. 40,3.50. - James McIntyre, of New York, N. Y, - Improvemeni in Fuze for Exfi^nM
SAe(/«.— Patent issued October 20, 1863; antedated October 14, 1863.— The fuse powder ia
divided from the charge by a ball- valve, which blocks the mouth of the connecting poaat^
and is shaken from its seat by the concussion of the projectile in the act of striking.

Claim. — A ball or block cemented upon a tube or op^ug commhnicating with the in-
terior of the projectile, and surrounded with fuze powder, as set forth, so that the explosioa
of the projectile will take place when the said ball or block is shaken off its seat by toe pr^
jectile striking any object, as specified.

No. 40,351.— WlLLL^M Miller, of Boston, Umb,— Machine for Pegging Boett ^
£ftoM.— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The machine is held with the lip of the tn^



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COHHISSIONEft OF PATENTS. 735

•gfihiBt the fole of the boot; the npper end of the spindle is stnick, forcing down the awl,
and drivinff a peg mad 3 into the sole by Uie preyious operation, while the cutter cats off a
peg fronr toe peg wood. The spring elevates the spinale, and by a connexion the pawl is
mMO to torn the ratchet Vheei and feed the machine along the leqnisite distance. The
elastic cord presses tl^ follower so sb to force the peg just cat against the stop, readj for the
next downward stroke. * *

Clmim, — The arrangement of the ehistic cord N, and pallej O, with the tabe K, and fol-
lower M, in the manner herein shown and described.

Also, the combbiation of the adiastable box D, and collar C, with the tabe A, spindle B,
and spring £, in the nianner herein shown and described.

Also, the arrangement of the feed wheel J, with the tabe A, and the awl, peg-driver and
catter, in the manner herein shown and described, so that said feed wheel will revolve on a
plane vertical with said parts, all as set forth.

No. 40,352.— Isaac G. Morgan, of Ithaca, N. Y.—Impraved Capstan or WindU$9,^
Patent diated October 20, 1863. —The capsian is rotated by the engagement of its toothed
perimeter with a worm screw which is rotated bj one or the other of the bevel wheels on the
respective ends of its shaft; these wheels are engaged by a larger and a smaller wheel
respectively, and the shaft of the hand-wheel is inserted in either according to the reqaired
• power or speed.

Claim, — ^The application of the screw and endless nat, in connexion with the bevel wheels,
socket-bar and' hand-wheel, to a ship's capstan, boat, windlass, or rudder, or to any machine
where great power is re(|aired, substantially as set forth and described ; procuring power on
the one hana, and velocity on the other.

Ko. 40,353.— Oscar F. Morrill, of Chelsea, Soffblk coun^, MasB,— Improvement in
^ero-Kapor BariMr.— Patent dated October 20, 1863. -*The method of conducting tlie in-
duction or supply tube over the foraminous plate by an arch, by which it is heated, and
then downwiurdly and up into a mixing chamber, is described in the claim and represented ;
the heat conductor is for the purpose of keeping up the vaporizing temperature.

Claim, — ^The improved aero- vapor burner, as not only constructed with the fluid vaporiz-
ing conduit D, arranged so as to extend across or over the foraminous cap A, and into the
chimney C, and from thence to pass downward and afterward into the air and vapor mixing
chamber B, but as having that portion of the conduit which is sitqated immediately over the
said cap provided with the tubmar arch D' (or its equivalent) to project upward within the
chimney, the same being for the purpose or purposes as hereinbefore specihed.

Also, the improvement of the extension or the conduit D downward through the caps A,
and within the air and vapor mixing chamber, in manner substantially as specified.

Also, the combination of the heater or htot conductor F with the aero-vapor burner, and
the conduit D, applied thereto, substantially as described.

'No. 40,354.— Joseph Nason, of New York, N. Y.— /mprowrf Steam Pressure ReftUator,-^
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^This device, to be influenced by the pressure ot steam, is
intended to actuate a damper in a flue or a valve in a steam passage so as to regulate the
action of the eng^e. It consists of a coil of pipe, open at one end and closed at the other,
and partially filled with mercury, and is connected by arms to a hub which runs freely on a
shaft ; a steam pipe from the boiler enters the closed end of the coil above the mercury, and
ite displacing pressure on the latter causes the coil to revolve and wind the strap on the
volute, whi<m motion is communicated by any mechanical device to a damper or valve.

C/aim.— First, the employment of the rotatiufl^ coil £, dense fluid F, connexion I, leading
from the vessel in which the pressure is to be regulated, and connexion K, leading to a
damper or valve adapted to control such pressure, the several parte being arrangea sub-
aiautially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, in cozmexion with the above descnbed rotating coil, the employment of the
Tolnte J, or equivalent means of inducing a self-adjusting variable force opposing the pres-
sure of the steam, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,356.— Cjssar Neumanw, of New York, N. Y.—fmprovement in Hoop Skirts.^
Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The waistband is rendered elastic by the interposition of
portions of elastic material; a number of the upper courses have an expanding arrangement
of sliding clattps at pointe corresponding to the elastic portions of the waistband.

C/aim.— The employment of toe self-adjusting waistband A, with elastic straps a a', in
combmation with bustle rings B B\ provided with sliding clasps b b\ arranged in relation to
the strips a a', and tapes D, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as shown and
described.

No. 40,356.— Sandpord W: Northrop, of Albany, N. Y.— Improvement in Sawing Ma*



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 131 of 164)