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ckines. — Patent dated October 20, 1863.— This is intended for slitting timbers uite two equal
partSy the feed rollers adjusting themselves on each side at equal distances from the central



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736 AinOJAL BEPdIbT OF THB

Hue in the direction of the saw, or at a proportionate relatiTe distance as may h& leqahed.
The feed rollers are carried bj the reciprocadxig slides which are actuated bj the crojok shafis,
the latter bein^ connected bj a rod by which the movements of the two sets of devices ai«
made simnltaneous and uniform.

Claim.—The arrangement of the reciprocating slides B B', carrying the feed roUers C, in
combination with the rock shafts D D% arms bb\ and set screws c c\ and with the rod £,
connecting the cranks d d\ the whole constructed and operating in the manimr and Uu the
purpose substantially as shown and described.

iJso, making the rod E, adjustable toward and from the centre of the rock skmil D, as
described, so that the motion of the slides B B' can be brought in any desired xelatioa towaid
each other, and the timber cut in two or more parts as specined.

Also, the hand screw F, in combination with the slides B B^ and rock shaft D, oonatniielei
and operating as and for the purpose set forth.



No. 40,357.— James A. Pelton, of Middletown, Middlesex ooonty, Conn. — I
in Moulding Artificial Tee^A.— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— The upper nart of the mooU
is made in two separate divisions, so as to enable the teeth to be removea from the Iowa
part of the mould, which forms the concave side of the block and is fonned in <
The teeth are cast six on a block representing the front set.

Claim, — ^First, the application of a mould, substantially as above described, to the i
of a set of six front teeth, in one continuous^ curvilinear block.

Second, as an article of manufacture, the production of six artifidal teeth, c or j e epondiBg
to the six front teeth of the human jaw, with the gum attached, in one oontinaoos, solid,
curvilinear block, by means of a mould, substantiaUy as above described.

No. 40,358.~Edward Fayre Perret, of Locle, Switzerland.— /«;»fooew«ii« in WmUkm,—
Patent dated October 20, 1863.— This is peculiarly apphcable to the central or indep^idotf
seconds-hand watch and consists in so connecting the seconds hand to the train that the lor-
mer may be stopped without affecting the latter. The seconds wheel of the train is free to
revolve around the staff on whidi the hand is placed exciting when a collet or clatdi slid-
ing on the staff connects the train with the latter. To stop the motion of the hand the pres-
sure on the clutch is withdrawn by Uie manipulation of a forked lever.

Ctoim.— Sio combining the seconds hand with the fourth or seconds wheel that the seconds
hand can be stopped and permanently held or started at pleasure, without affscting the move-
ments of the seconds wheel, substantially as set forth.

No. 40,359. — O. M. PoiTD, of Independence, Buchanan county, Iowa. — Impr o i f em temi ta
QraiM Drills, — ^Patent dated October 20, ISSS.—The improvement consists of a stationarr
and a hinged lip which fonn the bottom of the seed box ; tne latter is moved by a lever whi<i
opens it to an extent graduated by a nut on the bolt. A bar with stirrers keeps the grain
from clogging and is moved by the engagement of a pin on its end, with a cam groove on the
hub of the wheel.

Claim, — First, the stationary lip D', and hinged lip D, in combination with the Tibrating
rake I, arranged and operating as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the adjusting nut Cr, bolt B, spring E, and nut F, in combination wiUi the Ueng
G, arranged as and for the purpose descrioed.

No. 40,360.— Haskell Preble, of Machias, Washington county, 'hLe,^Immnmed Watk-
ing Machine. — ^Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^This consists of a rotating cylinder with a
corrugated periphery, and a reciprocating pressure board which is moved towards the said
cylinder by means of a weighted JL-sbaped lever and a connectijig rod.

Claim, — The arrangement of the sliding carriage D, rod £, levers F G, and weight H, with
the pressure board 0, and cylinder B, in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 40,361. - Christian Reichmann, of Philadelphia, V^^Imwrovtmtmi in Lamp Skmd$
Snpporter.-'Fa.tBnt dated October 20, 1863.— Explained by the dami.

Claim, — As an improved article of manufacture, a lamp shade supporter with sprinffs m^ ¥^
and projections c, cut at one operation in a single piece out of sheet metal and tnen oent in
annular form with its ends secured by the piece/, and slots e s, or other fastening which vrili
admit of the expansion and contraction of the supporter, substantially as and for the poipose
herein set forth.

No. 40,362.— SwEN Eskill Sanborn, of Philadelphia, T^.-'Exploding Torped9€9, Mkm,
Sfc, — Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^The hammer wnich strikes the percussion cap ia placed
in connexion with clock machinery so that the trigger is released after an intend or sn^
duration as may be predetermined upon. The devices are to be found in the claim.

Claim. — First, the emplovment or use for the purpose of exploding torpedoes, dc«., of an
apparatus, substantially such as herein described, whereby the time when the explosion will
take place can be determined and adjusted beforehand with perfect accuracy.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 737

Second, tbe notched disk V, lever W, arm v, stop k, cam T, tri^r K, and hammer I, in
combination with a clock movement, constructed and operating in the manner and for the
pnrpose snbstantiallj as set forth.

Third, the application of tbe notched disk Y to the index hand U, moving on the dial-
plate C, substantially as and for the purpoae specified.

No. 40,363— Leopold Sanders, of New York, N. Y^—TmprovemefU in Hoop Skirts, -
Patent dated October 20, 186:^— This is a method of attaching the hoops to the tapes to pre-
vent them from moving oat of their relative position. Metalhc clasps encircle the hoop and
their points are thrust through the tape and clinched ; the cord is passed through a hole in
the clasp around the hoop and back through the hole.

Claim. — ^Tho braids or cords c in combination with the clasps D, the above parts being
Implied to the tapes B, and all arranged as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,364.— MiLO Sawyer, of Cincinnati, Ohlo.—Tmproved Machine for Coating Oil-
cloth. — Patent dated October 20, 1863. — Tbe cloth passes from the roller on which it is
wound over a cylinder which forms the bottom of the paint box, thence past two lateral
spreading beams and a scraper which smooths the paintod surface: it then passes over a cylin-
der with an elastic cushioned surface acting as a tractive force to draw the cloth past the series
of operating;^ surfaces just described.

Claim. — The application of an adhesive, elastic or tractive cylinder, which draws the cloth
through the machine or under a scraper, for the i>urpose of coating cloth in long pieces, as
herein above described, thus obviating the necessity of stretching it in frames, or cutting it
in short pieces.

No. 40,365. — S. C. ScnopiELD, of Freeport, Stephenson county, HI. — Improvement in
Grain Drills. — Patent dated October 20, 1H68. — A pivoted frame which has an intermittent
vertical motion derived from pins on the drivmg which comes in contact with a rear extension
bar of the frame, has upward projecting pins which are armed with leather disks, and pass
through the holes in the bottom of the 8eo4 box to prevent cloggioff ; by means of a cord the
driver elevates the disks against the holes and stops the feed. The ploughs are lifted from
the ground by a lever which depresses the front end of the pivoted plout^h beams.

Claim. — First, the employment or use of the rods h attached to the vibrating frame E, and
passing through the perforated plate rf, and bottom of the seed box D, the rods h being pro-
vided with leathers j, and all arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the arrangement and combination of the bar Q with the bars n p attached to it,
standards g^ teeth or ploughs H', lever I, and bar «, all arranged as shown, to admit of the
adjustment of the teeth or ploughs, as sot forth.

No. 40.366.— Edwin Sprague, of Alleghany City, Fa.^ Improvement in HeaUrs.^VaJbent
dated October 20, 1863. — A central pipt; rises through the furnace and a heating chamber
around the furnace discharges into the pipe before it roaches the receiving chamber; a branch
pipe from the latter to the chimney diverts the heated air from its passage upwards into the
room.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the pipe «, register o, chamber i, pjpe y, receiving chamber
A, branch^, damper r, and vessel t, the who>*e bemg constructed, arranged, and operating sub-
stantially as herein described and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,367.— Richard H. Springste^d, of Constantino, St. Joseph county, Mich.—
Improvement in Cultivators, — Patent dated October 20, IbGii. — This machine is mounted on
wheels, and the two ranks of teeth are attached to standards depending from pivoted frames,
which are elevated out of the workiog depth by means of an L-shap^ lever, pivoted at its
angle to a standard on the frame. The rear ploughs, or those next to the com row, are
capable of lateral motion by the longitudinal motion of their bar frame, under the impulse
of a lever.

Claim. — The arrangement of the lever C, sliding bar F, its attached teeth H, and their
hinged bar E, with the hinged bar I, its attached teeth, lever A t, and standard J, all in the
maimer herein shown and described.

Also, the arrangement with the hinged bars E I, axle C, and wheels B, of the g^uards b e,
ftU operating together in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 40,368.— W. G. Sterling, of Bridgeport, Fairfield county, Conn.—Improvememt in
Lamps, — Patent dated October 20, 186:$. — Surrounding the wick tube is a perlbrated plate
Tinder the burner ; above the plate is a cap, on which is a skeleton bridge or fiame spreader,
tbe ends of which are attached to the cap, it being divided above so as to leave a narrow
apace in the centre for tbe fiame to pass through ; the wick tube is surrounded by a perforated
tube, leaving an intervening Huace.

Claim, — ^Tbe combination ot the skeleton bridge H with the tube G, and ako in combina-
tion with the disk L, to operate substantially as described.

H. Ex. Doc. 60 47



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738 ANNUAL BEPORT OF THE

No. 40,969.~€harle8 SflsaKBR, reBident in United Stotes; a dfisen of tlie Kingdom of
Great BntAin.—Improvement in FiUer$,—Ftktent dated October dO, 1863.~Thi8 fiUeriaff
apparatus is intended to be used under pressure, and the improvement relates to the method
of cleansing the filtering materials and the plates enclosing them ; it consists in tbe empioj-
mont of movable or a^ustable diaphragm plates, and in the aarangement of the fikeriii|^
chambers and the inlet and outlet pipes or orifices.

Claim, — The arrangement of the two filters or filtering chambers C with reference to
the inlet and outlet pipes extending therefrom and to the chamber B and its outlet pipe d, in
iho manner and for the purpose substantiallj as set forth.

Also, the movable diaphragms e e', made to slide in the filtering chamber for paddng or
loesening the filtering material, substantially as described.

No. 40,370.— Ebenezer Stevens, of London, England.— Mproveii MackimB f&r M^kimg
Dough, PasU, 5rc.— Patent dated October 20, 1863.— Patented in England December 24,
1862.— This machine is as fullv described in the claim as the space will permit

Claim. — ^The dough-mixer, hereinbefore described, composed substantially of prcmgs se-
cured to a cranked axis or bar, so that it may be readily withdrawn firom the dou^h when
the axis is uppermost.

Also, the combination of a stationary frame to support the gearing bv which, the doogb-
mixer is worked with a removable mixing vessel, in such manner that the connexion of tbe
ffeanng with the dough-mixer in the mixing vessel may be disconnected to permit the dongh to
DO conveyed in the mixing vessel to any part of the bakery, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of the dough-mixer with a flour-hopper and fiour-agitators, ch* their
equivalent, whereby the flour thrown in mass into the flour-hopper is delivered gradually to
the mixing vessel during the mixing of the dough, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of the flour-hopper and its agitators, with variable slides to regulate
the discharge of flour to the mixing vessel beneath, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of the flour-hopper and the mixing vessel with a dusting board be-
tween the two, to distribute the flour into the mixing vessel, substantially as herein eeX f(»^
, Also, the combination of the flour-agitators, or other moving appurtenances of the floor-
bopper, with the dough-mixer, by a removable connexion, so that toe former may be thiuvA
out of gear when the flour is exhausted, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of the dough-mixer with change gearing, so that it may be moved
rapidly when the dough is thin, and more slowly when the dough becomes tough, sabstan-
tially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of the dough-mixer with duplex gear, at the two ends of the machine,
80 that an equal motion is communicated to both ends of the dough-mixer simultaneously,
substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of the driving-spindles of the dough-mixer, at the two ends of the
machine, with one shifting lever, so that both driving-spindies can be simultaneoualy with-
drawn from the dough-mixer, substantially as herein set forth.

Also, the combination of a mixing vessel, fitted with a mixer, with a jacket forming a
double bottom, to permit the temperature of the mixing vessel to be varied by the application
of water or steam, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,371.— OOTTPRTED ThVLEMETER, of New York, N. Y.—hnprinemeni ta Funtaea
fitr Re-buming Bone-black. — Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^In this furnace there are two
fireplaces, witn tall retorts of a horseshoe form in their horizontal cross section, so as to ex-
pose a large thin stratum of bone-black to the influence of the fire; the retorts are arranged
in two rows between the fires, rest upon the bottom platb of the furnace, and are steadied by
a horizontal dividing plate midway of their length. The heated products pass throu£rh aper-
tures in the dividing plate to a flue in the side walls, into horizonfal flues to the end of tbe
furnace, and up the inclined flues to the chimney.

Claim. — First, the horseshoe* shaped retorts C, arranged in the iiimace A,.in ^le manner
and for the purpose substantially as herein show^i and describe.

Second, the partition plate E, when made whole or in sections, and provided with apertures
(, in combination with the retorts O and furnace A, all constructed and opcratmg substan-
tiallv as and for the pmpose set forth.

Third, the niTan^ment of one or more series of retorts C between two fireplaces B B', in
combination with tne particular plate E, side flues d e, and end flues /, aU eonstracted and
operating in the manner and for tne purpose substantially as specified.

No. 40,372.— John E. YansaKT, of Louisville, Ky.— /mi^ooefiMiit in Man^factwwg Tm
Cans. — Patent dated October 20, 1863. — The tin is cut out and bent on the ordanaiy tinner's
machine; it is then placed on the former, and this is inserted in the loop clamp, the edges
of the tin being uppermost; the movable jaw is then caused to approach the stationary one,
which laps the clamp band firmly around the tin, and the edges of the latter are soldered
together.

Claim. — The stationary and movable jaws A C, provided with the loop damp D and opi-
ated through the meditun of the levero E Q, or their eqoivalenta, in cwmbinatioii with the
former H, ail arranged to operate as and for the purpoee nerein set forth.



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COiOflSfllONSB OF BATEVTd. 730

Ko. 40,373.— EOOBNE ViNOEHn, of Parma, Iialij,^lmprmunuta in Signal Appmraiusfor
i2atiaDay«.— Palest dated October 20, ld63.~lQ thk deviee tkere is a local battery and a
traTelling battery, the respectiye negative poles of which communicate with the earth ; the
travelling battery carries an alarm furnished with an electrical detent ; bars or rods commo-
nieatinQf with a condactii^ wire are plaoed at intervals along the line, so that when a train
passes them they come in contact with a spring piece on the locomotive. The contact
spring and signal wire receive cnrrmits from tbeir respective batteries, travelling and local,
and as long as their currents proceed from similar poles of their respective b&tteries the
alarm is silent, but when the nature of the current in one is changea the connexion will
be peifeoted and the alarm will sound.

Cluim. — ^Arrangmg and combining apparatus, sidiwtaatially as hereinbefore described.

No. 40,374.— Thomas J. Wadleioh, of Sutton, Merrimack county, N 11.— rmprovenunt
in fVaUr £(ep«<^«.— Patent dated October 20, Jd63. — ^Tbe windlass has two loose drums, to
each of which a bucket is attached, the rope following a spiral groove cut in the drum,
each of which is provided with a gear engaging in a wheel connecting the two ; a tumbling
latch between the two is so arranged, in connexion with a lever on each drum, that by a con-
tinuous roiary motion the buckets are alternately raised and lowered, being emptied on reach-
ing the top and freed to run bock while the other commences its upward motion.

Claiwi* — ^The two drums C placed loosely on the shaft B, connected by gears, as shown,
and provided with levers 1 1, in combination with the locking device for altema^ly connect-
ing tne drums to the shaft, the sanie consisting of the pivo^ button and platb H and the
shoulders or projection/ at the inner ends of the drums.

Also, the particular manner of operating the levers I to unlock or detach the drums from
the shaft B, to wit, by means of the spiral grooves c c in the drums C, with the ropes or chains
d woriung thereon, substantially as described.

No. 40,375.— Anton Weller. of Albany, N. Y,—Tmproffcment in H«ater«.— Patent dated
October 20, 1863. — The air is admitted throu^^h a chamber around the ash-drawer and passes
np between the fire-box and an enclosing cylmder into contracted tubes to the chamber under
the perioiated cap; the heat circulates around these tubes, dives down to a chamber in the
base, and thence passes to the smoke-stack or chimney.

Claim, — The series of contracted air-passages e' e t* e, formed and applied as specified,
when combined wi\h the fire-pot A, hollow base D, ash-pit B, chambers £ F, cylinders H I,
cap J, and flue G, all constructed, arranged, and operating in the manner and for Uie pur-
poses her^n shown and described.

No. 40,376. — AiK)NZO H. Wood, of Boston, Mass. — Improvement in Gas Blow-pip^B. —
Patent dated October 20, 1863. — The water Lb contained in a reservoir in the base, through
which the gas is admitted ; it is heated by wires which conduct the heat downward from the
flame into which they project ; air is admitted to the reservoir in graduated quantities by
means of a cap with holes above the collar on the reservoir.

Claim. — ^I'he employment, in a gas blow-pipe, of one or more reservoirs for containing
water or other vola.Je substance, and provided with a means of heating the same, so as to
produce vapor to commingle with the gtts and flame for the purpose of intensifying the heat,
substantiaiiy as described.

Also, the cap F provided with holes jf, and so arranged as to control the admission of air
through the holes «, in the manner and lor the pdrpose substantially as herein described.

No. 40,377.— Leonard Ames, of Wonbeck, Wis., and Melville Mtles, of Pepin, Wis.,
assignors to Leonard Ames,— Improved PaddU fF%«e/«.— Patent dated October 20, 1863. —
To the radial arms B and G are flat boards attached, carrying a series of wedge-shaped
blocks D. The outer edges of the boards and the outer and inner ends of the blocks are
rounded, preventing concussion and jars usually attending the operation of the ordinary
paddle wheel.

Claim, — ^A paddle wheel having its floats or blades constmcted of a flat board with a series
of parallel blocks D attached to it at right angles to said blocks, beyond the board, being
of wedge-shape in their transverse section, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Also, having the outer edge of the boards rounded as shown at a, and also the outer and
inner ends of Uie blocks D rounded as shown at h d, for the purpose specified.

No. 40,378.— David Bbaslet, of Boone county, Ind., assirnor to Himself, JoBN Sim-
mons, and James Strain, of Montgomery county, Ind., and by them assigned to Thomp-
son G. Bari'LE, of Independence, Iowa. — Improved Sugar Evaporator. — Patent dated
October 20, 1863. — The invention consists in the combination of pans, rising and receding,
each with a water pan or damper, which may be placed under it on occasion, as in drying.-,
sugar, shifting simp, or leaving the pan temporarily empty.

Claim. — ^The combination and anangement of the evaporating pans B G D and watoC'
dampers £ £ £, for the uses and purposes substantially as set fortn.



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740 AmruAL report of the

No. 40,379. —WoxiAM Darker, Jr., of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to «Fosiah B. Thomp-
son, of the same ^]Mce.—fmprovemeiU in Slurt Irtre. — Patent iseoed October 20, 1863;
antedated October 10, 1863. — ^Proyiding the wire with a woven covering is the feature of the
invention.

Claim. — Skirt-wire with a woven covering as a new mannfactnre, snbstantiaDj as described.

Ko. 40,380. — Chester Dukhabi, of Bedford, Cnjahoga ooontj, Ohio, assignor to Himself
and William Heston, of same place.— /m^avemeat im Fuld RoUen, — ^Patent dated
October 20, 1863.— The invention consists of a frame supported on two rollers which have am
interval between them ; a rear carriage attached to the preceding hj a universal joint, and
supported by a roller, occupies and roils the intervening sj^ace between the tracks of the pie-
ceding[ rollers.

Claim, — ^The rollers D D. fitted in frames C C, attached to the box A, or a suitable frame,
as shown, in combmation with the roller U, attached to a box G, or a suitable fr^me, which n
connected to the frame or box A, of the rollers D, hj a universal joint £, all arranged ss
and for the purposes herein set forth.

Ko. 40,381. — Edward M. Judd, of Now Britmn, Hartford county. Conn., asaigiior lo
Hi'BERT L. Judd, of same place. — Improved Curtain Fixture, — ^Patent dated October 20,
1863. — The pin has a mortise lor the insertion of the end of the tape, and a shoulder agaiwt
which the metallic end of the curtain-roller rests.

Claim. — The pin d, formed with the mortise ], for receiving the tape, and with Uie abool-
der 2, for securing the metallic end c to the roller a, as specified.

No. 40,382.— Thomas 8. Lambert, of Peekskill, N. Y., assignor to Justus O. Wood,
of Southfield, N. T. — Improvement in Coverings for the Head. — ^Patent dated October 20*
1863. — The improvemrnt consists in att^bing a piece of sand-paper to the hat or cap u a
convenience for striking^ a match.

Claim, — Tho application within a covering for the head, or to any part of wearing appanl
of sand-paper, or its equivalent, substantially as and for the purpose described.



No. 40,383.— Truman G. Oakley and William R. Finch, of Brooklyn, N. Y.-
mrovement in Apparatus for Stretching Hat jBodt«s.— Patent dated October 20, 1863. — ^Ths
olock is divided, and eacn half .is pivoted to a point in the beam above; they are driven apait
60 as to stretch the hat by means of a rotating cam and returned by a spring.

Claim, — Tho two blocks B B, attached to the pivoted arms C C, and operated throogb the
medium of cam H, and spring D, or their equivalents, substantially as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 40,384. —Richard A. Tookkr, of New York, N. Y, assignor to Himself and Wm.
B. Bradbury, of Bloomfield, N. J. — Improved String-bearing for Piano Fortes, — ^Patens
dated October 20, 1863. — The bearing consists of a screw with a slotted head in which the
string is placed, being secured therein by a nut.

C^iiA.— The string-bearing, composed of a screw having its head slotted for the reoeptioo



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 132 of 164)