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of the string or strings and a screw-thread, or such slotted head fitted with a nut, for the pur-
pose of securing the parts of tho head upon the string or strings, substantially as and for the
purpose herein specined.

No. 40,385.— Owen G. Warren, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Joshua Barnf.s, of
same place. — Improvement in Projectiles for Firearms, — Patent dated Oc:obor 20, 1863.—
This is a chamber to occupy the rear end of the bore of the gun to contain the charge, or so
much of it as is not contained in the hollow base of the balL Its object is to sustain a part
of the shock and admit of a lighter gun or heavier charge. It is to be mode partially of
wound wire or other mode of securing toughness, and may have a recoil-cushion behind it.

Claim. — ^The combination of the false powder-chambor and the hollow shot, to hold all the
charge, and to sustain the greater part of the shock of the explosion, in the manner described.

No. 40,386.— Jarvis Wiluams, of Boston, Mass., assignor to Edward T. Trofttter,
ef same place. — Improvement in Grinding and Smoothing Shot and Shell. — Patent dated
October 2't, 1863. — The shell is laid on a concave seat formed by two concave rollers on a
sliding adjastable carriage, and is presented to the surface of a rolling wheel. The rollers
are made m two pieces so as to facilitate the turning of a heavy shell horizontally.

Claim. — First, the adjustable frame F, provided with the concave rollers G G, in combina-
tion with any suitable gnnding or polishing wheel D, substantially as set forth and for ifas
puipose described.

Second, making: ^^^ rollers G in two parts, capable of turning in opposite directions, sub-
stantially as and for tho purpose deseribed.

No 40,387.— Oliver Allen, of San Francisco, Ceki.^Improvement in Bomh Lauee,-^
Patent datod October 27, 1863. — A tube, hollowed to receive a charge of gunpowder, is fitted



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C0MMI8SI0NEB OF PATENTS. 741

to a lanee-head, adapted to be fired firom a tton. In the brooch is inserted a faze, the plufi:
containing which terminates near the end of the tube against a metallic non-combu^tible dia-
phragm, mroogh which the fnze passes into a gnard-chamber within a metallic cap, con-
structed with a vent-hole to commonicate with the banting xharge.

Claim, — ^Tbe improved bomb-lance, as having the perforated nre-proof or non-combasti-
ble diaphragm a, and a wooden or combustible fuze plug C, placed within it and arranged
and combined with the fuse D and the guard chamber b thereof, substantially as describe.

No. 40,388.— Juuus Baur, of New York, N. T. — Imnrwed Alloy of Copper, Zinc, and
Aluminum.—Faieut issued October ^, 1863; antedated October 23, ]863.~It is designed to
make an alloy of great toughness, haidness, and durability, and consists of copper, 14 to 16
parts ; zinc, iO parts ; aluminum, Vir to 3 parts.

Claim. — ^The within dcscnbed composition or alloy produced by mixing together the ia-
gredients herein specified, substantially as and about in the proportions herein set forth.

No. 40,389. — John Bkigos, of Louisville, Ky. — Imvrovement im Locomotive BoiUra, —
Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^This improvement refers to the construction of the water
and steam chamber, and to a device for strengthening the flat plates forming the water
jacket at the back of the fire, and conkists of a water and steam drum placed directly over
the tubular boiler and the fire, dispensing with the horizontal crown plate, and permitting
the entire occupation of the barrel with water ; also, of a method of connecting the plates of
the water iacket by tubular stay rods and nuts, by which a draught of air is admitted to the
fire, and the plates supported and strengthened.

C/aiffi.— First, the combination with a tubular-flued boiler of the water and steam drum C»
placed directly over the tube cylinder, in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the hollow stay bolts M M, adapted and employed in tne manner herein described
to serve the combined purposes of strengthening the sti-aight parts of the shell and admitting
a draught of air from the nront to the fire, when used in combmation with the register N, and
all arranged in the manner herein described.

No. 40,390. — John Briogs, of Louisville, Ky. — Improvement in Trip Hammers. — ^Patent
issued October 27, 1863; antedated October 11, 1863. — ^This invention consists of an adjust-
able device, affording a horizontal bearing for elevating the hammer in a vertical plane to
any height without lateral pressure, and an improved construction of fly-wheels, which act
also as cams.

Claim. — ^First, the employment or use of parcel rollers or bearings K, interposed between
the wedges H and hammer shaft D, for raising the latter to variable heights in a directly
vertical plane.

Second, the wheels secured to the shaft E near tho hammer shaft D, and serving the
combined purposes of cam and fly-wheels.

No. 40,391. — John Briugs, of Louisville, Ky. — Im provement in Steam BoUere. — ^Patent
issued October 27, 1863 ; antedated October 17, 1863.— -This improvement consists in devices
for securing a larg^ heating sur£ftce, without tubular or return flues, for attaching cylindrical
boilers, and for superheating the steam in the cupola. These are accomplished by additional
transverse cylinders beneath the main cylinder, connected by a coupling formod of two
convex plates. The steam cupola is placed in a chamber, through which the volatile results
of combustion pass to the chimney.

Claim. — First, a steam boiler comj[>osed of one or more main horizontal cylinders, with
two or more transverse cylinders projecting downward into the furnace or flues, when the
said transverse cylinders are 'formed of unequal depth or width, so as to receive more direct
and full contact of the products of combustion, substantially as herein described ; and this
whether the said transverse cylinders be connected to the main cylinders directly by means
of the coupling L L', or through the medium of water legs.

Second, the coupling L L , constructed of two convex plates, connected by bolts and
flanges, and employed in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

Third, the transverse steam drum or cupola G, casing U, and flues I and J, arranged and
employed in combination with the boilers A A, in the manner and for the purposes specified.

No. 40,392. — John Brigos, of Louisville, Ky. — Improved Apparatue for Condensing
Steam and Elevating feed Water. — ^Patent issued October 27, 1863 ; antedated October 20,
1863. — ^This is an apparatus in which water is elevated bv the force of exhaust steam, and
the steam afterwards condensed by contact with the said water. A reservoir is placed in
communication widi the exhaust pipe of a steam cylinder, and midway of the connexion a
pipe enters, which has access to the body of water from which the supply is drawn ; near
this latter point is a valve opening upwards, and at the other end, where it enters the
exhaust pipe, it Is deflected in the direction of the reservoir.

Claim, — ^The deflected water pipe €K and steam pipe £ E, when combined with the
exhaust port of a steam engine, in tne manner and for tne purposes herein specified.



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t



742 ANNUAL KEPOBT OF THE

No. 40»393.— John Brigos, of Lociisyille, Ky.-^Imprawei AppanHtus for the Fteftdrntm
of FcMed.—Patent issued October S7, 1863; antedated October 11, 1863.— The iiiTeiid<n
consists in appliances for imparting motion to a vessel by the ezpnlsion of steam, smoke, 4k«^
in a forced current beneath or upon the water, and in a device for giving direetien to said
current hj which any required motion is attained.

CUim — First, the combination of the smoh» flues F F with the steam pipes 1 1, whaieby
the products of combustion from the fiunace are mingled with the steam oefore Ibe cyedMB
of the latter beneath or upon the water, substantially as set forth.

Second, the revolyable or revensiUe pipes G G, provided with horizontal monihs H H,
which may be presented in either direction, so as to eject the steam either forward «r back-
ward, as explained.

Third, the casincs K K, with apertures khf tX firont and rear in the deembed combinaties
with the pipes G U, for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,394.— John Brigos, of Louisville, Kj,— Improved Apparahu for ike Discharge
Bilge fVater and the VemiUatum of re<«ei«.— JPatent issued October 27, 1863; antedated

ctobor 20, 1863. — ^This apparatus consists of a cylinder, with the rear open, placed within
the stem of a vessel and under water, so that the motion of the vessel wrongh tbe wator
will tend to produce a vacuum in it, of which advantage may be taken to remove bilge-
water, steam, smoke, exhaust steam, &c., by pipes connecting suitably with those matteis.

Claim, — An apparatus substantially as described to be applied to the stem of a vessel for
the removal of bilge-water, steam, smoke, foul air, or other fluids.

No. 40,395.— Robert Brown, of Frederick, Md. — Improvement in Harvesters, — ^PMeat
dated October 27, 1863. — ^The frame of this machine, to which the tongue is attached, has a
short axle on each side, on which the draught wheels revolve ; within this is a swinging
fWune hing^ to a rod on the main frame, and to the rear of the inner frame the cutter bar is
attached. The guards on the cutter bar are made open below and towards the rear, so as
to focilitate the aiscbarge of anything that works in under the kmfe, which has clearers on
its under side, to remove such matter from the slot of the guard.

Claim, — In combination with the ang^ar side bars 1 of the main frame A and the inner
hins^ed fhime E, the two short wheel axles K, when constmctod and arranged substantially
in tne manner and for the purposes herein described.

Also, in combination with toe open guard fingers having spaces m under and to the rear
of the cutting edges of the blades, the clearers p at the lower side of the blades, when said
clearers operate above the spa<SBs m, and when constracted and arranged substantially in
the manner herein described.

No. 40,396.'-Thomas H. Burrows, of Chicopee, Hampden county, Mass.^/fii;pn>9eiN<irf
Ml Explosive Projectiles, — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — This projectile has two cbaraben
divided by a. diaphragm, into which a tube is set projecting to the rear, and perforated with
holes communicating with the rear chamber, which is filled with alternate layers of explosive
and inflammable material ; towards the rear of the projectile are projecting flanges, which
afford attachment for a packing of felt. A fuze shield is screwed into the neck of the rear
chamber, which has an orifice tor the fuze, and closes the rear end of the rear chamber.

Claim, — First, the arrangement within a projectile for ordnance of alternate layers of eon-
powder and of an inflammable material, which is capable of setting fire to bodies on which
It foils, substantially as herein specified.

Second, the perforated fiize tube B applied in combination with the two chambers a and I
and the fuze shield C, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40,397.— Edward Cottt, of Waslungton, D. C. — Imprdvememt in Artificial Arms.-^
Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^These improvements consist in the constraction of tba
elbow joint, whereby the position of the forearm and stump can be varied, and by this
variation the fingers shut and open ; in an arrangement by which the rotatory motion of the
hand is secured ; in the arrangement of a guide pin ainl spring located in the forearm, near
the wrist, which is made to assist in the action of bending and stretching the arm; in the
manner of attaching and guiding the pins which operate the flexor rods oi the fingers under
the impulse of the forearm rods in the flexure of the elbow ; in the rocking aiTangement of
the rods in the finders, which, on the flexure of the elbow, cause the fingers to shut ; and in
the constraction of the fork holder, which is inserted into Uie paUn of the hand, and consists
of four elastic flaps, which clasp the end of the fork shank.

Claim, — First, the elbow joint b 6, when constracted substantially as described hereiB-
before, with the rods O O and slides s s tt.

Second, the ring d fostened to the straps c c surrounding and holding the lower portion §
of hand/, and allowing the latter to be turned around its axis, as specified above.

Third, the spring / around pin m, in combination with cross-piece k and disk i, assisting
the bending and stretching of the arm, constracted and arranged as hereinbefore described.

Fourth, the disk i, with the two curved guide holes v v, for the reception of pins ■ a,
forming the bottom plate of rods to lo 10, being constructed and arranged as shown in the
several figures, atid as described above.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 743

Fifth, the rods w w moving the levers zx on the inclined axes y and z, beinfj^ adjastable
on the bottom plate or disk », as described within, in combination with rods £ &. S 8 and
levers B B, arranged as specified and for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the construction of fork holder t«, consisting of four elastic laps 12 3 and 4 and
the screw 5, for the purpose specified hereinbefore.

No. 40,398.— William E Davis, of Brooklyn, N. Y.—fmprovement in Lifting Shovels.^
Patent dated October 5S7, 1863. — A lip or finger on the end of the handle, or at the side of
the blade of tbe shovel, affords the means of removing the stove lid or coven

C/aim.— The new article of manniocture, substantially as described, consisting of a com-
bined shovel and lifter.

No. 40,399.— Royal E. Dbane, of New York,N. Y.— /mpiwemeiie in Cooking Stoves and
Ranges. — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — The cjlindrical grate has a portion of its peri-
phery open and a portion closed, and is capable of rotation so as to expose either to tho
iront The top plate is supported by a bar from the rear of tho-jrange, which is hollow and
protected by a circulation or water inside.

Claim. — First, the combination with a cooking range of a reversible grate, constructed
and operated substantially as and for the ourposes specified. .

Second, the employment of an independent support for the top or hot plate, consisfiwg of
the cross-bar or its equivalent, as described, when constructed essentially as set forth, and
protected by a circulation of water within, snbHtantially as and for the purposes 6()ecitied.

No. 40,400.— Henry J. Drew, of Dixon, Lee county, 111— Improvement in Platform
Scales. — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — The improvement consists in the arrangement
of the cross levers which cross transversely below the platform, and which an- connected to
the ends of tho side platform levers. The cross levers are linked where tht y meet under
the centre of the plattorm to another lever, which is pivoted to a cross-bar of the irame, and
oi its other end is connected to the scale-beam.

Claim. — The employment or use of the levors D D £, in combination with the levers B
B, arranged in connexion with the platform frame C and scale-beam F, substantially as and
for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,401.— Minor H. Fowler, of New York, N. Y.—Jmprotement in Lanterns.— Vvkiani
dated October 27, 1863. — ^This is an improvement in the method of attaching the lamp to tho
lantern, which 'is by spring-pieces attached to the base, and which catch over an inwardly
projecting fiange on tho lower edge of the lantern, thumb-pieces projecting through slits in
the base for the purpose of detaching the said catches. The peculiar construction of the
spring-piece is described in the first claim.

Claim. — First, the spring catches I, constructed in tho manner herein shown aiid described
by slitting a strip of metal longitudinally, employing one side as the spring attachment,
turning the other side up into form for the thuniu-piece and bending the connecting end into
form lor the catch or latch, so that the said latch, thumb-pioce, and spring attachment may
aU be formed of a single piece of metal, as specified.

Second, the combination of the springs I I, cylinder e, and rock shaft 0, with the baud
D, and slot or opening g^ all in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 40,402. — George Gardner, of Chirksvillc, Hunterdon county, N. 3 .—Improvement in
■ Veneer Cutting Machine. — Patent dated October 27, \6^i. — Tho bolt from which the veneers
are to be cut is keyed in a frame or ^ate, wliich slides in oblique guides^ bringing the edge
of the bolt against the knife, which is set in a stock on the edge of a sliding table.

Claim. — Tne combination of the gate F sliding in a vertical plane between oblique guides
k t, and carrying the bolt H ; the b^ or table B sliding horizontally on the side-pieces a a,
the stock C, formed with a throat e, and attached to the forward edge of the table B ; and
tbe knife D fixed obliquely in the stock C ; when ull the said pares are constructed and
arranged in the manner and for the purposes herein shown and explained.

No. 40,403.— N. H. Gray, of Cleveland, Ohio.— Improvement in Steam Plotighs. —PsLient
dated October 27, 1863. — The spades are attached in pairs on the ends of arms by meaus of
(in each case) a stationary stud on the arm and by keys; they receive their efiVctive motion,
which is a' downward entenug and a backward lifting motion, by means of a compouud
crank composed of disks and in^'^rposed wrists ; each of the latter operating an arm and its
two attached spades, and so arranged that they work consecutively and coubtantly otfer an
equal lesistauce. A drag-rake or harrow trails behind with independent teeth and adjustable
weight.

Claim. — First, the arms H' and blades K and M^ when constructed and arranged sub-
stantially as specified.

Second, the combination of the arms H^ as constructed with the compound crank figure
5, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, attachiuff the arms H to the crank wrist by means of the stationary stud I,
semovable cutter K, and wedge L, or their equivalents, substantially as shown

Fourth, the drag Y Y, constructed and operating substantially as specified.



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744 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

No. 40,404.— T. F. Grippith, of Dansville, Livin^ton county, N. Y,— Improvement i»
Churns. — Patent dated October 27, 1864. — This churn has two vertically reciprocating
dashers attached by rods to the rocking lever, which is pivoted to the standard on the churn
lid. The rod attached to the lower penorated dasher passes through a mortise in the upper
dasher, which is concave at its lower side, having perforations at right angles to the line of
its motion reaching from the concavity within to the chamfered edge on Ms apper side.

Claim, — The combination of the head V\ constructed as shown and dedcribeJ, with thft
head G, and operating as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,405. — John Haper, of Bedford, Pa. — Improvement in Stoves, — Patent dat^ Octoba
27, 1863. — ^A number of hollow cones are placed one above another in the radiator above
the fire-pot; they are closed at their vertices, and in them the heat circulates and esci^KS
around their edges.

Claim. — ^The combination of two or more right or oblique cones, the vertex of each one
being closed within the rad^tor, arranged substantially as described for the purposes aet
foith.

No. 40.406.— Thom.\S Hansbrow, of Sacramento, CeA.^Improved Amalgamator, — Patent
dated October 27, 1863. — This consists of an annular pan wjth a central cavity, throogk
which passes a vertical sh^fl having a rotating arm, on which are vertical shafts, having os
their lower ends mullers acting on the bottom of the pan, and above, on the same shafts,
pinions, which gear into a circular stationary rack on the pan, thereby giving a planetary
motion to the mullers.

Claim. — First, imparting to the muller or mullers C a son and planet motion, in the bmb-
ner and for the purpose suostantially as described.

Second, the central stationary toothed rim £, in combination with the rotary arbor D,
pinions i, mullers C, and pan A, all constructed and operating substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.

Third, the set screw d in combination with the hinged pan A, constructed and operatiag
03 specified.

No. 40,407. — C. H. Hayward, of Stoneham, Middlesex county, Mass., and Daniel R
Hay WARD, Melrose, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improvement in Treating Waste HMbber,—
Patent dated October 27, 1863. — Explained by the claim.

Claim, — Boiling waste rags of fibrous material and robber in an acid or alkali, for the
purpose of destroying the tenacity of the fibres of the rags, so that the rubber may be le-
ground^ and so that tne material will not blister when re-used, as described.

No. 40,408.— Daniel E. Hayward, of Melrose, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improvememt
in Boots and Shoes. — Patent dated October 27, I8d3. — Explained by the claim.

Claim.— A new article of manufacture, an India-rubber sole for boots and shoes that is to
bo sewed thereon, and that has a channel therein for the stitches to lie, and be protected in
said channel, being formed along the edge of the sole by the moulds in which it is formed
and vulcanized, substantially as herein described.

No. 40, 409. -^Daniel E. Hayward, of Melrose, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improved Ued
St'ffener or Counter for Boots and Shoes, — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^Explained by the
claim.

Claim, — A new article of manufacture, a heel stiffoner or counter of India-rubber suid its
compounds, which is shaped and vulcanized in the mould in which it is formed, and made
and operating as set forth for the purpose described.

No. 40,410.— Henry Holcroft and C. S. Smith, of Chester Valley, V9k.— Improvement in
Safety Attachments to Railroad Car Trucks. — Patent dated October 27, 186^). — This is in-
tended to obviate danger in case of the breaking of an axle, and consists of boxes partially
enclosing the axle and wheel to sustain the broken parts in case of IVactuie.

Claim. — The employment or use of the shells or cases E attached to the truck A, and
provided wiih the boxes F, and arranged in relation with the wheels B and axl^ C to
operate as and for the pui-pose herein set forth.

No. 40,411.— Robert Hoskin, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improved Composition for Oil-

Cloth.— Fatent dated October 27, 1863.— Explamed by the claim.

Claim. — A composition or plaster for oil cioth, composed of whiting and ochre, or equiva-
lent or analogous substances, in about equal proportions, and mixed to the proper or desired
consistency with giUe dissolved in milk.

No. 40,412. — C. F. Hunter, of Adrian, Lenawee county, Mich. — Improvement in Demos
for Holding Bits in their Soclcets, —Fatent dated October 27, 1863. — The bit having the
usual notched recess on its shank is inserted into the socket and there retained by a pivoted
dog which IS engaged with the notch or retracted by means of a sliding ring which rocks it
on its centre.



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COMMISSIOHSB OF PATENTS 745

Claim.^A sodcet for holding borings tools, constnieted to operate with a sliding^ rin^ work-
ing in combination with a dog as deacdbed, said dog haring inclined planes as above de
scribed and set forth.

No. 40,413.— Moses Johnson, of Colftbrook, Coosconntj, N. K.—hi^^v9mmU in Inrmlid
BedsUadt.—Vaieut dated October 27, 1863.— The adjostments of this bedstead consist in
making it in two parts divided by a horizontal plane through the middle of the posts, so that
the upper or sackmg part lies upNon the lower or post part, each being provided with side and
end rails and head and foot boards, the latter being ninged to the lower part so as to fold
back when the upper portion is in its place. The socking runs clear through from head to
foot, and an auxiliary portion is attached to an elevating frame suppoiited dv cord from a
staple in the ceiling ; an arrangement of suspensory cords and shaf^ admits of the bedstead
being tipped or raised.

Cmim. —The invalid bedstead as made with the divided posts A, and the separate mattress
and sacking frames arran^ and combined therewith, substantially as specified.

Also, in combination with the bedstead so made, the auxiliary head and foot boards B C.
applied to the mattress frame, in the manner and so as to operate substantially as described.

Also, the mode of making and applving the sacking, viz., in two parts p q, one being ap-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 133 of 164)