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plied to the elevator frame, and the other being fixed to the sacking frame and extending
underneath the elevator D, and hooked to and connected with the head board d, as and for
the purpose specified.

Also, the combination of the tipping hooks 1 1, or their mechanical equivalents, with the
bedstead, and their windlass or shaft F, the whole being constructed and so as to operate
substantially as described. '

No. 40,414.— WiLUAM H. Kelly, of Lysander, Onondaga county, N. Y.-^hnmvemeut
in Cultivator TeeM.— Patent dated October 27, 1863.— The tooth is made of a piece of an
irre^ar hexagonal shape, and is then bent into a curved form and set on the standard,
with one of its sharpenea points downward.

Claim,— The tooth, or, as it is sometimes called, the point, of the form and shape and
constructed essentially as above described.

No. 40,415.— A. KUNE, of Philadelphia, Fs^.— Improved Stopfer for Jars and Bottles.-^
Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^The central core has a conical snape. and on it is an annular
elastic ring which sets upon a shoulder in the neck of the jar ; by forcing down the core the
ring is pa^ed tightly against the sides of the opemng.

Claim. — A stopple for fruit jars and bottles, consisting of the core A, and the ring a', con-
structod and arranged together in combination, substantially as described and set forth.

No. 40,416.— William Kloenne, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Device for Re-
leasing Animals from 5^a//«.— Patent issued October 27, 1863; antedated October li», 1863.
— The halter ring of each horse is engaged by a sliding bolt which traverses in a socket and
is actuated by a spring ; the upper ends of the pins on these bolts pass into slots in a tilldine
bar which nms the lea^h of a whole range of stalls, and by which bar the detaining bolts of
the whole series are withdrawn simultaneously. Each bolt is capable of bemg withdrawn
by pulling on the rear end of it.

Claim, — The arrangement of a spring bolt A, moving in a case B, and catching in a socket
0, in combination with the slotted bar F and pin 6, constructed and operating as and for
the purpose descnbed.

Also, the combination of a series of bolts A with pins 6, and slotted bars F, provided with
a handle G, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,417.— Peter Lockie, of Rochester, 'S.Y,— 'Improvement in Artificial Lr^s.- Pat-
ent dated October 27,. 1863. — The invention consists in providing the foot of an artificial leg
with a teui^ion device attached to the foot and to a spring suspended from a bridge-piece in the
shell of the leg; this tension is so adjusted as just to support the foot, to avoid the unnatu-
ral motion ana noise of the more rigid attachment

Claim. — ^Tbe employment or use of the adjusting lever or standard /fixed to the foot, in
combination with a suitable spnng or springs, for me purpose of regulatmg the position of
the foot B, substantially in the manner specified.

No. 40,418.— A, 8 Markham, of Monmouth, Warren county, HI.— /wjwwewwnl in Corn-
Planters.— Vfi\eni dated October 27, 1863. — As the machine progresses the first wheels smooth
the ground, the cutters cut through the weeds in the path for the share to turn the seed fhr-
row. The depth is regulated bv adjusting the forward part of the frame. The nicks in the
lids of the seed boxes enable the (Liver to ran^e the rows so as to drop the seed in check
rows. The other devices are sufficiently descrihed in the claim.

C^im.— First, the wheels H, secured in the front part of the frame Q, by means of ad-
justable axes e, in combination with the rotary coulters S and furrow shares T, all ananged
to operate as and for the purpose hwrem set forth.



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746 AMirtrAL beport of the

Second, tlie partkulttr amnfeBeiit of tiio Aurrow sharM T tritb the coulters, to wit: tbe
foimer having an oblique position reUtirely with the latter, so as to leave a y-fthi4>ed space
between them, in which the seed-conTe3riDg tubes P are placed.

Third, providing the plates O with perforations m, substantially as shown, to adnut of the
escape of dust and fine foreign substances from the seed-boxes M.

Fourth, the self-acljusting scrapers F attached to the shaft D, which is provided with a
lever £, and all arranged as and for tbe purpose set forth.

Fifth, providing the lids A* of the seed-boxes M with notches a*, substantially as and for
the purpose specified.

No. 40,419.— Suspended.

No. 40,420.— John W. Midwinter, of Port Washington, Monmouth county, N. J.— isi-
wraved Tar Bfops —Patent dated October 27, ,1863.— The thieads are bound iii a wisp and
the pointed end of the staff entered at the centre between the threads, tightening the iMiid }
the end of tbe staff is then battered down and a nail carrying a washer is driven m endways.

Claim.— The mop, when constructed and its parts arranged relatively to each other sob-
Btantiaily as specified.

No. 40,421.— Thomas J. Mayall, of Roxbury, JAoss,— Improved Po«/<khi.— Patent dated
October 27, 1863. — A sheet of water-proof fabric having been formed into the required shape
for the bodv of the boat, a frame corresponding to the gunwale of the boat is inserted ; from
this depend swinging frames transversely of the boat, which extend to the bottom, and are
•nstained by longitudinal braces. The water-proof covering is attached by pins or cords
which pass through ihe grummet-holes near its margin.

Claim, — First, the distending boat-frame and one or more swinging frames, the whola
being constructed to operate together, as described.

8^nd, in combination with the main and swinging firames constituting a distending frame,
operating substantially as set forth, the longitudinal braces, arranged as herein descrioed, for
•tiffening the bottom, as specified.

No. 40,422.— Oren E. Miles, of Aurora, Kane county, HI.— JbtpuMwniMil ts Wagim SktU'
ards. — ^Patent dated October 27, 1863. — This is a cast metal standard having lips around its
base which partly embrace the bolster and are partially let into the same, being further secared
by bolts which pass through the bolster. The upper ends form sockets for wagon-bows.

Claim, — First, a cast metal upright for vehicles, adapted to bo secured against lateral and
end movements upon the bolster, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set

ICMTth.

Second, the specific arrangement of the several parts in the base of the said upright, the
Up or flange being adapted to project down on both sides and at the end, and the part a'
being let into the top of the bolster B at some distance from the end, all as herein set forth.

No. 40,423.— Paris Mills, of Ridge Farm, Vermillion county, lW,—ImprovemetU w Cars
PUnters, — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^The frame is supported upon a roller extending
across the machine ; the cutters preceding the share are runner-shaped and pass through deep
ffrooves extending around the periphery of the roller ; behind the share the seed is dropp^
from a box in which is a slide moved by a lever and accompanied by hooks which extend
downwards nearly to the slide and prevent the seed from being drawn from the dischargiog
boles ; concave-laced covering rollers complete the operation.

Claim. — First, the combination of the grooved roller B, cutters C C, seed-boxes F P, pio-
vided with the slide 0, and the covering rollers M, ail arranged as and for tbe purpose set forth

Second, the hooks I, secured to the inner side of the seed-boxes F, and arranged in relation
with the seed-slide G, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,424.— George C Nelhon, of Peter8ham,'Worcester county, 'Sieas,— Improvement ia
Plaiting 3fflrAiii«».— Patent dated Octobe^27, 1863.— The ciown-pieco'ia introduced between
the holaing-bar, and the plate and the bar is brought down on to it. The series of laws are
manipulate consecutively to press the material into the succession of gloves into the plait-
ing former, so as to make tbe ioid ; when this is accomplished tbe jaws are retracted ai^ the
frame is raised, which admits of the withdrawal of the plaited crown.

Claim. — The combination of the plaiting-former and its series of plaiting jaws, the whole
being arranged in manner and so as to operate together, substantially as described.^

Also, the combination of the elevating frame, or its equivalent, with the plaiting jaws and
their former.

No. 40.425— SoLOMOW E. Oviatt, of Richfield, Summit county, Ohio.— Improvemait in
SMs.— Patent dated October 27, 1863.— Tbe sled knees are made of cast-iron a«lhave
sockets in which the ends of the benches are fitted, also a rebate for fitting the fenders, and a
flange to set over the inner upper edge of the runner.

Claim.—The use of cast-iron sled knees, having pipe sockets in the upper parts thetffoi
for the reeeption of the ends of the sled beams, when constructed and arranged substantia Jy
in the manner and fur the purposes herein doffcribed.



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ccmamio^NL of patjsnts. 747

• No. 40,4a6«.-Juuus A. Peasb, of New York, K. Y.^-^Ia^avemmU im Shirt Bosmm.—
Patent dated October 21, 1863.— Explained by tho claim.

CZatm.— A shirt bosom, water-proof enamelled, with sprinjpi to keep it in position, •ub-
stanAiaUy as and for the porpose aescribed.

Ko. 40,427.— WoRDEN P. Penn, Jacob Geiss, and Jacob Brosius, of Belleville, St.
Clair county, 111. — Improvement in HarDesters, — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — The do-
Ticee consist of a worm-wheel and segmental rack for raising and lowering the main fram<^
of the machine, and a device for raising the platform or outer end of the finger bar, consist-
ing of a screw rotating in bearings inabracket, and screwing through a socket piece, wherein
the arm of the caster wheel is nubde adjustable by beii^ applied in either of different cavi*
ties provided therefor. *

claim. — ^First, in combination with the main frame, the segmental plate a and screw i,
when arranged in respect to siud frame, to each other and to the main shaft, as shown and
described, for the purpose specified.

Second, the screw O, in combination with the bracket I, and division board or bar, amd the
socket N, for the purpose of raising and lowering the platform and out end of the finger bar,
AS sliown and described.

^Third, the socket N with a broad out end, and with cavities therein, for the purpose of
shifting the position of the arms P of the castor wheel R, by which the out end of^ finger
bar and platform can be raised or lowered, as shown and described.

No. 40,428.— Wm. H. Polleys and David D. Polleys, of La Crosse, Wis.— /«;Mi9r«-
«M«I ill Plumb L«m/«.— Patent dated October 27, 1863.— This consists of. a weighted wheel
rotating on steel pivots within the stock of a level. The perimeter of the wheel is graduated
on each side of the point at which it stands at rest on a level, and which point is marked
90<^, corresponding with the straight line P on the socket. When used as a plumb the figure
(P will correspond with the straignt line.

C^tm.— The wheel figure 3, with the socket, constructed, arranged, and operating in the ^
manner set forth.

No. 40,429.— GEORcns W. Powell, M. D., of Chinese Camp, Tuolumne county, Cal.— /in-
proved Fire-proof Paint, — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — Dissolve bora^ and alum, of each
one and a quarter pound, in boiling water, and agitate for four or five days to evaporate the
acid ; evaporate to dryness, pulverize, and add ten pounds of white lead ; add turpentine and
linseed-oil for the requisite consistency.

CUUm. — ^The compound for making fire-proof paint in the manner herein described.

No. 40,430.— WiLLUM Raynor, of Brooklyn, N. Y ,— Cancelling Postage Stamf;-^
Patent issued October 27, 1863 ; antedated October 14, 1863. — This consists of a lower die and
a corresponding upper matrix, between which the stamp to be cancelled is inserted. The lower
die has the name m relief, and the date in changeable types in the centre, also two holes in
the face ; the upper has sunken letters opposite the name on the lower, an elastic pad opposite
over the chang^aole type, and two dowel pins to match the corresponding holes in tne die.
Two rings having the names of the months and numerals upon them, respectively, surround
the plunger, and are rotated so as to expose the required name and figure prominently in
front of uie apparatus.

Claim, — ^A cancelling stamp, composed of a pair of outer rinffs, provided with male and
female letters, within which rings are arranged a punch or punches, a series of changeable
^JV^* <^^ ^^ elastic pressure pad, all operating together as herein set forth, for the purpose
specified. w

No. 40,431.— John H. Retmkasten, of Franklin Qrove, Lee county, Vl.^lmprovement in
Methodof Attaching Carriage fTAce/s.— Patent dated October 27, 1863.— The spindle is secured
within the boxing by means of a divided nut which screws upon the base of the conical
spindle within the opening at the inner end of the boxing ; an inwardly projecting annular
bead on the nut engages with a groove in the periphery ot the collar on the spindle.

Claim, — A divided nut, constructed and appliea substantially as described, to confine the
ann C within the box A, when used in combination with screws or bolts d, to secure the
divided nut upon the collar, and with a screw d\ to prevent the turning of the nut within
the box.

No. 40,43d.-*EDGAR D. Seely, of Brookline, Norfolk county, UaBS.-^Improvement in
Pereuiiion Cap Pnmer.— Patent dated October 27, 1863.^Thi8 is a magazine forcontoininff
eaps for prinung fire-curms, and for presenting them successively to the mpple. It consists of
an oblong box with a cover and with ribs, under which the flanges of the caps are slipped as
they are impelled by the follower and sprinff cord.

Claim. — Pirst, combining the cap chamber with a sliding cover or lid instead of the case
heretofore used, whereby the instrument is improved and ite cost diminished, as set forth.

8econ<L combining the follower and ite spnng cord wiUi the cover, so that the cerd will
not interfere with putting the caps in broad end downward, as described.



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748 ANNUAL BEPOHT OF THE

Third, placing^ the ribs, aeainst which the flanches of the caps rest, at die bottom imlaad
of at the top or open side ot the chamber, whereby flanched caps Bie prsTented from (Lpag
or falling oat when the mag^azine is open, as described.

Fourth, in combination therewith, cutting^ off the rear ends of the ribs for holdinf tb
flanched caps, to admit the introduction of the flanches under the ribs, as described.

Fifth, combining two magazines together by the use of a conmion cover, having a liif
for suspending the instrument, as described.

No. 40,433.— John R. Lees, of Philadelphia, Ta,— Improved Lubricaiar, — ^Patent isned
October ^,1863; antedated October 10, 1863.— The steam being admitted to (he cup wba
it is shut off from the engine fills the cup, and condensins^, the water displaces a cataii
amount of oil which is conveyed to the working surfaces. There are two valves at the upper
and lower ends, respectively, of the adjustable rod which works in a tube, of wliich the e»b
are the seats ; these valves admit the steam which closes the atmospheric valve, and opfMsi
its return from the cup when it is condensed.

Claim. — ^First, the construction of a grease cup to effect the supply of grease in a netioied
auantity every time th^ steam is shut m from the engine, by displacing sach <|iiantity £p»
tne cup by a quantihr of water resulting from the condensation of steam which is admitted »
the cup by the act of letting on steam to the engine, substantially as herein described.

JSecond, the valves F and G and tube D, applied in combination with each other and wiik
the cup, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Third, the tube D and nut a, applied substantially as described, to serve as a means of eoe-
necting the different parts of which the cup is composed.

Fourth, the atmospheric valve H, appliea in combination with the cup, gnbatantially as aai
for the purpose herein specified.

Fifth, the independent screw socket E, applied in combination with the cap, aubetantis]^
as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,434.— L. M. Severance, of Dixon, Lee county, HI. — Improvement in PUtftm
SeaUt. — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^This is an improvement on the inventor's fanas
patent of November 11, 1862, and consists in the construction of the levers which connect tk
platform levers with the scale beanu The cross-levers are fitted between cross-bars, and sbb-
ponded by links on pins, the inner ends of the levers being connected by a link, and ^
outer ena of one having a bar attached, from the recurved end of which the inner ends of tm
platform levers are suspended ; the outer end of the other lever is connected to the ends of tlii
other two platform levers and with the scale beam.

Claim, — ^The two levers E £, in combination with the two pairs of levers B, all arranged
and connected to each other and to the scale beam G, substantially as and for the puipo»
herein set forth.

No. 40,435. — B. F. Sboth, of Unity, Benton county, Iowa. — Improvement in Grmn
X>n//«. - Patent dated October 27, 1863.— A toothed frame Is attached at the rear end of the
tongue, and drags below the seed-box, which is attached by a draught-bar to the tongue, and
is mounted on wheels. The seed-box is divided by partition plates with an openin^^ betweea
them provided wifh a slide, and the seed- wheel with cells in its periphery rotates in thecfaaB*
her below the partitions, being driven by a cam on the shaft.

Claim. — First, the shaft B provided with seed sills 6, in combination with the slide D, par-
tition plates 1 1 provided with holes g, and vibrating plate G provided with spurs 0, and oper-
ated through the medium of the cam H, all arrang^ as and for the purpose set forth.
V Second, the combination of the tooth frame J, with draught-bar M attached, and da
draught-pole E, when arranged as shown, and applied to the ni4y»hi»| to operate in themaa-
ner as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40,436.— Oren Stoddard^ ,of Busti, Chautauqua county, N. Y.— Improvement ta
Fruit Baskets.— Viitent dated October 27, 1863.— The basket is made of splints, whldiare
secured at bottom between disks of wood, and at their upper end where the rim of the basket
is formed are retained between hoops, of which one is higner than the other, so as to make a
rabbet, in which the corresponding portion of the cover, which is similarly made, may fit
within or upon.

Claim, — ^The herein described construction of basket and cover, wherein one end of the
splints are secured between disks, and the other end between hoops, which form a rabbet in
the top of the basket, and a corresponding rabbet in the cover, which fit together, as described,
and as a whole, having the form and structure herein set forth, and operating as and for lbs
purposes specified.

No. 40,437.— Melzer Tuell, of Penn Tan, Yates county, N. Y.Spokeshaves.—PBioA
dated October 27, 1863. — ^The cutter is two-edged, and attached bv its ends in the <^ning
in the stock ; it is surrounded by a gauge plate, which is pivoted at its ends in the stock,
and adjusted relativelv to the edge by means of set screws, so as to cut any required ^mm^wa
on either edge, or with one more "rank** than the other.

Claim. — ^The stock A and cutter B, when constructed and arranged as and for the purpon
set forth. *^ '

Second, the acynstable gauge C, when made and used as specified. • ^ t

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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 749

No. 40,438.— William F. Vebbr, of Perrysburg, Wood county, Oino.— Improved Wood'
sawing Maehine, — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — This h a cross-cut sawing machine, and
designed for being moved lengthwise of the log or tree to be cross-cut. The machine is opera-
ted by means of pawl levers which engage ratchet wheels on a shaft, which is geared to a
pinion on a shaft carrying a four-armed crank wheel, which conveys a reciprocating move-
ment to the saw sash, which rans on friction rollers. The weight of the saw is counterbal-
anced by means of a cord attached thereto, and carried over a pulley to a lever.

Claim. — First, the levers E, pawls F, and ratchet wheels D, in combination with the crank
wheel J and saw sash P, the several parts being constructed and operating as and for the pur-
pose specified.

Second, the rollers T T, in combination with the saw sashP, when arranged and operating
as and for the purpose described.

Third, the break pulley V, and lever W, in combination with the cord Q and frame O, for
the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,439. — Charles C. Warwick, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Imwrovement in Lamp Burn-
ers, — Patent dated October 27, J 863. — ^The perforated cylinder enclosing the space around the
wick tube is capable of vertical movement, so as to be depressed and expose the wick-tube.

Claim, — Having the perforated ring D, which encloses the wick tube, made separate and
independent of the burner, and arranged to operate as herein shown and described, so that
said ring can be lowered at pleasure, and the wick tube thus exposed on all sides, all as set
forth.

No. 40,440.— Edward Whitney, of Albany, N. Y.—Improttment in Horse Collars, —
Patent dated October 27, 1863. — The collar is protected by the interposition of plates between
the hames and the collar, so that the pressure of the draught is evenly distributed over the
latter.

Claim. — ^The arrangement of a metallic plate placed on each side of the shoulder-piece and,
connected either to the collar or hames, substantially as and for the purpose specitied.

No. 40,441.— M. H. Barnes, of Peoria, HI., assignor to Himself and A. S. Norton, of
same place. — Improvement in Slide Valves for Steam Engines. — Patent dated October 27,
1863. — This improvement is applicable to that class of slide valves in which there is a second-
ary plate or balancing valve, between which and the usual seat the main valve works, and
consists in regulating the balancing pressure by changing the exposed area of the apertures
in the seat of the balancing valve.

Claim. — Regulating the pressure and friction of a slide valve upon its seat, by changing
the area of atmospheric exposure of the working surface of the balancing valve, substantially
as herein described.

No. 40,442. — Jesse D. Cottrell, of Milford, Worcester county, Mass., assignor to
Cbbnezer D. and George Draper, of same place. — Improvement in Looms. — Patent
dated October 27, 1863. — This improvement consists in a delivery mechanism or let-off move-
ment for delivering the yam from the warp roller by connecting the latter, by means of the
combination recited in the first claim, with the lay ; it also consists in an arrangement for
operating the warp guide so that its downward raovemont will decrease rather than extend
its bearing surface on the warps. When the lay moves back the tension of the warp de-
presses the warp guide, causes the depressor rod O to trip the pawl I out of action with the
pinion G, and the radial arm F will drop a tooth, more or less according to the strain upon
the warp guide. When the lay moves forward the lever K elevates the pawl, and the arm
Trhich carries the pinian rotates the gear wheel C and delivers the warp or yam.

Claim, — ^The combination for operating the train of gears of the warp beam, the same con-
sisting of the radial arm F and its pinion G, the lever pawl I and its retainer N, the retaining
pawl M, the depressor O, and the rocker lever K, the whole being applied to the lay and the
warp g^iide, substantially as and so as to operate as described.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the two arms or levers ux and their pitman Z,
ifvith the spring s and the warp guide D. Also, the combination therewith of the toothed
racks, or their equivalents, to receive and hold the pitman and admit of its adjustment, for
the purpose set forth.

No. 40,443.— Lucius CRANDALL,ofPlainfiold,N. J., assignor to Himself and Eliphalet
Lyon, of New York, N. Y. - Improvement in Crutches. —Fatent dated October 27, 1863. —
The improvements in this cmtch are sufficiently described in the claim, and consist in hol-
lowing the piece grasped in the arm-pit, so as to make it fit its location better than a piece of
even thickness ; in the method of clamping the covering ot the upper piece between the upper



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 134 of 164)