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and lower sections of the same; in the adjustable sleeves of tne hand-hold, clamped oy a
segmental tapering bush; and in the socket, ferrule, and screw, of the foot or point of the
crutch.

Claim, — First, an arm-piece A having its centre part/ made narrower than the ends ^, as
and for the purpose shown and describe



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750 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

Second, tbe oombmadon of the two jaws ib t of an arm-piece A, as described, so that win
the jaws are drawn together, they take in and fasten the covering of the arm-piece.

Third, the hollow moulded or cast hand-piece B, with sleeves b, as shown and described.

Fourth, the employment or use of a segfmental tapering bush c, in combinadon iritli tbe
sleeve b of the hand-piece B and with the sta£^ all constructed and operating in the mamer
and for the purpose substantially as specified.

Fifth, the cast or moulded socket D, bottbm-piece £, and screw <f, in combiDStion iM
the sta£f or staves of a crutch, constructed as ana for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,444.-"ISAAC GooDSPEED, of Norwich, Conn., assignor to Himself, A A Qim-
SPEED, £. S. Stebbins, and A. Newbury, of same place. — Improved Cork CmiMg Mt-
chine, — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — This is an improvement on the patent of Goodsperf,
Stebbins & Groodspeed, dated June 4, 18G1. The knives are confined to the pattern bj
clamps, and the latter pivoted to a lever which vibrates on studs attached to the disk, aod
adjusted by set screws. Tbe knives are fed to tbe cork, and the latter held to the pattern by
the motion of a lever connected to two rods which move np the knives and said holder,
respectively, and which are limited in their longitudinal motion by stops.

Claim. — First, the clamps L L arranged on pivots A A, and applied to the rotating aad
sliding cutters directly opposite to the pattern, substantially as and for the purpose henti
specified. ,

Second, combining the clamps with the disk G, or its equivalent, by oteans of lerersM,
studs N, and set screwsj J, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Third, combining tbe back spindle E with the disk or slide H, with which tbe cutters re
connected, by means of a lever P, whose operation is so controlled by stops as to operate tk
said spindle and the said disk or slide, substantially in the manner herein specifiodL.

No. 40,445.— Joseph W. Hopkins, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Himself and Jamb
Clayton, of same place. — improvement in VtUves for Stfum Engines. — Patent dated
October 5^7, 1863. — This consists of an independently oscillating hollow disk, the lower part
of which is made in the form of a convex slide valve, and moves in a corresponding conctfe
seat within tbe steam chest; axiallv with the said disk vibrates a winged valv« whicbij
attached to its spindle, and operated by cams from the machinery; the winc^ vibrstesiDA
segmental cavity in the disk, and alternately opens and closes the exhaust channels. Tbe
alternate opening and closing of the supply ports is by means of tbe disk.

Claim. — The combination with the steam chest B and the valve D of the independent
oscillating hollow disk and slide valve B A, all constructed and operating together in the
manner herein shown and described.

No. 40,446.— Lebbeus W. Lathrop and Wiluam P. De Sarmo, of Philadelphia, Pt.
assignors to Themselves, William H. Myers, and John McDowell, Jr., of saioe
place. — Improvement in Sewing Machines » — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^This belongs to
that class of machines which use two spools without rewinding in makine the lock or shuttle
stitcli, in which the needle loop is caught by a hook and carried around the under spool; tbe
loop is then liberated from the hook, and the hook takes the next loop round in the same way,
drawing the first loop tight. The slotted and grooved cup contains the lower spool, and bat
a hook attached on its outer edge; to the back of the cup is attached the under take-np, die
pin of which, at the appropriate time, is thrown out, ana liberates the needle from the hook.
The spool-case holder is a vibrating fork working in the slotted groove of tbe spool case, and
is operated by a cam in the shaft.

Claim. — First, the slotted circular grooved cup £, with hook F permanently attached to
the outside surface, constructed and operating substantially as descnbed.

Second, the under take-up J, which revolves with the cup for extending the loop and fibe-
rating it from hook F, constructed and operating substantially as described.

Third, the reciprocating holder O O' O'', arranged and operating substantially as described.

Fourth, the combination of the slotted circular grooved cup £ and its hook F, with the
spool case and frame L N, the under take-up J, and the reciprocating spool-case holder
O O' O", the whole constructed and operating substantially as described.

No. 40,447.— Joseph W. Hopkins, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Himself and JamW
Clayton, of same place. — Improvement in Pumv Valves. — Patent dated Octobpr ^
1663. — ^Those oscillating winged valves are separated by a partition, and vibrate in ahmited
arc within tbe chamber, provided with segmental abutments which limit the motion of the
valves in that direction. The box has three ports, one for supply and the other two xMnrnDD*
nicatiug with the pump cylinder; the former has two branches to the two valves, respecMf^
which have orifices in them; the motion of the valves is efiected by the motion of the pisto"^

Claim. — The arrangement of the independent oscillating valves B B', constmcted ae Mt
forth, with the partition b, case A, and the several water-ways, all in the suuuwr henm
shown and described.



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COMBnSSIONBE OF PATENTS. 761

No. 40,448.— Jambs Pine, of Troy, N. Y., asgiffnor to Himself and Walter A. Wood.—
Improvememt in Harvesiers. — Patent dated October 27, 1863. — ^A principal feature of this
inveation consists in dispensing with the use of shafts for the support of tne driving gear by
means of a vertical bar attached to the frame, aud supporting toe gear wheels upon pins or
studs. A rigid and a hinged bar diverge from the vertical bar, the former passing to the
finger bar, and having the drag hook attached, and the latter affording attachment for the
tongue; the two bars carrying a lever and an arm, respectively, whereby the cutting appa-
ratus is raised or lowered.

Claim. — First, a vertical frame A for carrying and supporting the gearing, substantially
as described.

Also, hanging the gear wheels upon stationary pins or studs attached to the vertical frame
A, so that 1 may dispense with all rotating shafts and journal boxes or bearings, substan-
tially as described.

Also, in combination with the vertical frame A, the hinged bar J and the rigid bar G, both
serving the purpose herei^ described and represented.

Also, in combination with the hinged and rigid bars connected therewith, the former carry-
ing the tongue and the latter the drag hook to, a lever on one and an arm on the other, so
that the cutting apparatus may be raised up, held up, and supported or let down at pleasure,
Aubstantially as described.

No. 40,449.— William W. Stevens, of Portland, Cumberland county. Me., assignor to
Nathaniel P. Richardson & Co., of same place.— /mprovem^fi/ in Coal 5ij4cr.— Patent
dated October 27, \66^. — The sieve has two projecting handles, the shads of which lie upon
the projecting flange of the annular rim on the top of the barrel ; the motions in a horizontal
plane or by partial rotation by the handles ^ve the required results.

Ciaim, — The combination of the two motions — reciprocating, rotary and rocking motion —
as applied to a coal sifter, the first motion being obtained by moving the handles A A from
left to right or right to left, the second motion by turning the handles A A up and down,
giving the rocking motion.

No. 40,450.— Oeorob L. Witsill, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Hhnself and Clement
Cresson, of same place. — Improvement in Chums, — Patent dated October 27, 1863.— The
reservoir is a section of a cylinder or wedge-shaped, and is set point downwards on a sup-
porting frame ; it has a dasher with perforated sides of similar shape, but smaller, which
vibrates back and forth inside of the reservoir ; a perforated board extends from end to end
of the chum between the sides of the dasher. The plug which holds the dasher to its point
of vibration affords the means of removal of the buttermilk.

Claim. — First, the reservoir A, perforated dasher D, and detachable perforated board F,
the whole being formed, arranged, and operated substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the pin £, so fitted to the reservoir as to form a plug, and arranged in respect to
the vibrating dasber tm described, for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,451.— J. T. Alden, of Cincinnati, Ohio.-^Improvement in the Preparation of
Keojf^.— Patent issued November 3, 1863; antedated October 20, 1863.— Crushed bariey is
steeped in water at a certain temperature. After drawing off the liquor, water of a higrher
temperature is added to the malt. These two liquors are then boiled with hops, to which is
added red wheat flour. On being cooled to a certain temperature, bean or pea flour is added,
and when still further cooled the mass is mixed with fresh yeast ; the temperature is main-
tained the same for fort^-eight hours, at the end of which com meal or millers' shorts are
added until the mass is of the consistency of soft dough, which is pressed through the meshes
of a sieve in numerous threads, which are then exposed to a current of warm air and thoroughly
dried.

Claim. — ^The process herein described of making or preparing granulated yeast, wherein
the substance is leduced while in a plastic condition to a finely divided or gpranulated state,
and in that form is dried and preserved for use, substantially as set forth.

Ijo. 40,452.— T. F. Allen, of Canandaigua, N. Y.^-Improwement in Car Springs,-^
Patent dated November 3, 1863. — Metallic conical springs are constructed with spiral coils,
having bearing surfaces at given distances from each other, which admit of closing and
opening, by which the coils are protected and the spring is graduated.

Claim. — The construction of a metallic conical car spring with spiral coils B, which have
bearing surfaces and given spaoee between them which close and open, and by means of
cioiiing aud opening the spiral coils are protected and the spring is graduated, substantially
as described in my specification, and for .the purpose set forth.

No. 40,453.— Peter Animiew, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— /m^roiwmeiie in Shield for Ordnance. —
Patent dated November 3, 1H63. — ^This invention is principally designed as a protection for
field artillery and gunners. It consists of a portable shield enclosing the gun in front, and
provided with ways on which the gun-carriage may recoil freely.

Claim.— The elliptic, funnel-shaped, prote^ing shield, substantially in the manner and for .
the purpose herein set forth.



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752 ANKUAL REPOBT OF THE

No. 40,464.— Thaddeus Beach, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Sugar MnU
Carriages, — Patent dated Noyember 3, 1863. — ^The object of the iovention is to clasp or un-
clasp a doable series of sng^ moalds ; and this is accomplished by attaching a double nerisi
of jaws to appropriate bars, whose simultaneous motion, through the intervention of a rsck
near the end of eac^ bar and a pinion between, secures the result.

Claim. — The combination with jaws D D', set in the same horizontal plane of ban C C,
for communicating simultaneous motion to the respective jaws, racks a a^ attached to tiie
said bars, and the pinion £, for imparting motion thereto, when all the said parts are cob-
structed and arranged in the manner and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40,455.— Alonzo T. Boon, of ^lesburg, Knox county, HI.— /m^rrovetf Faiitt
Wheel. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^The object of this invention is to cause the paddles
to feather as they enter and leave the water, and to provide an improved method of secnria^
the bucket to the arms of the wheels, so that they can be readily detached ; this is acooai-
plished by causing the buckets, of peculiar construction, to be retracted or otherwise (hn
the centre of rotation of the wheel by a curved bar of a suitable shape.

Claim, — The combination of the double-sided buckets A A with toe arms B B, of my im-
proved paddle wheel, bv means of the metallic side plate e c, embracing loops g g^ sai
wedged elastic strips £ L, or their equivalents, substantially in the manner and for tlMs pai^
pose herein set forth.

Also, in combination with the above feathering automatically, the pivoted sides ft fr of mj
improved paddle buckets A A, in the revolution of the wheel by means of projecting rod* «c
pins m m upon said pivoted sides, and a suitable curved bearing su-face G upon the side of
the vessel, substantially in Hie manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,456.— John BraI9LIN, oi Buriington, N. ^.—Improvement in Tile Machines.— V*-
tent dated November 3, 1863. — This machine consists of a pug mill with a vertical axis aod
spiral arms, working and driving down the clav through an opening into a recess or cbambfr
TOneath, where it is driven periodically, by a horizontally moving plunger, through die» ii
the end of the box, of such a shape as it is desired the tile should assume.

Claim, — First, the reciprocating plunger M, space N, and forming plate P, in comblnatioa
with a mixing reservoir, and the opening m, at the bottom of the same, the whole being ar-
ranged and operating substantially as and for the pumose herein set forth.

Second, the mixing reservoir C, and vertical shaft F, with its plate ^, in combination wiA
the said opening m.

Third, tne vertical cranked shaft F, rod H, lever I, rod K, and plunger M, the whole being
arranged for joint action, substantially as set forth.

Fourth, the opening 7, at the rear of the plate P, in combination with the bar Q, and block
f , or other equivalent movable cover for the said opening.

No. 40,457. — Alexander M. and John J. D. Bristol, of Detroit, Mich. — Improved Dish-
Washing Machine, — Patent dated November 3, 18&(. — ^This improvement consists in an ar-
rangement for washing dishes which are exposed between two reciprocating frames armed
with brushes, and with openings of such a shape as to drive the water against the piates ; also
of rotary brush disks, between which the dish is raised, and elevating plates by which tbe
dish is raised to be grasped and removed.

Claim, — First, the reciprocating plates K K, arranged substantially as shown, within a
suitable box or reservoii* C, and provided with brushes L, substantially as and for the pur-
poses herein set forth.

Second, providing the brush plates K K with openings d^ having bevelled edges e, sub-
stantially as shown, for the purpose of throwing the water upon ilie oish by the action of tbe
plates as speciiied, and freeing the hair of the brushes from grease.

Third, the rotary brush disKs or wheels T T, arranged as shown within the box C^ and
provided with points or arms n, having bevelled edges, to operate as and for the purpose set
forth.

Fourth, the plates M V, placed respectively between the brush plates K K and brush disks,
or wheels T T, and connected, substantially as shown, with the levers P P, for the purpose
herein desciibed.

No. 40,458. — ^JoHN Clark, of Canandalgua, N. Y.— Improvement in Cars jar Canfimg
Petroleum. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — The claim is perfectly explicit.

Claim. — The application of a tank D, under the platform A of a railroad car, substaatianj
as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,459.— G. S. Corwin, of Riverhead, Suffolk county, N. Y.— Improved Bering Jfa-
chine. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in placing the crank shaft
of the bevel wheel in a frame, which is adjustable vertically so as to admit of change of wbeeto
to vary the speed of the drilling tool to suit varying requirements of work ; alao in ths
method of opei'ating the drill frame, which is lowered to the work by depressing the treadkv
and raised to its former position by elevation of the treadle thus freeing the sprtng.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 753

Cfttim.— First, the vertically adjustable frame H, in combination with the bevel gear E F
and bore spindle D, constructed and operating as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the combination of the treaale o, pawl /», bent lever click r «, ratchet wheel g, and
vertically sliding rod L, with the bore spindle D, all constructed and operating in the man-
ner and for the purpose substantially as shown and described.

No. 40,460.— C. B. D arrow, of Orland, Steuben county, III. — Improvement in Pans for
Evaporating Sugavj 8fc, — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^The separate divisions of the
pan are united bv a cavity at alternating ends of the division plates, which cavity is made by
a depression in the bottom of the pan.

Claim, — ^A sugar pan provided with cavities ^ at or under the alternating ends of the par-
titioQS a, substantially as shown and described.

No. 40,461. — W, C. Davis, of Cincinnati, Ohio.—Improvement in Covers for Baking Pans, —
Patent dated November 3, 1863.— The cover is corrugated so as to diminish ils liability to
crack and to increase tfie efficiency of the embers.

Claim, — ^The corrugated Dutch oven cover A B 6 6', substantially as set forth.

No. 40,462.— JoiiN B. Edmondson and James Carson, of Manchester, Lancashire, Eng-
land. — Apparatus for Dating Railroad and other Tickets. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. —
In this machine the inking tape is dispensed with, and an inking roller is combined with the
press frame, the swing frame, and the striker, so that by the movements of the latter the roller
will be brought in contact with the face of the type preparatory to the imprint. The India-
rubber pad behind the type allows the latter to yield when the striking plate is pushed forward
with undue violence. The roller is inked after every operation by contact with the flannel
which receives its ink as it exudes from a slot in the ink receptacle.

Claim, — The improved dating or stamping press, as not only provided with a swing frame
m and a striking plate or striker /, (to operate together and with the type as described,) but
OS having an inking roller e applied to the press frame and striking plate, substantially as
and so as to be operated by the latter as specified.

Also, the combina'ion and arrangement of the elastic cushion or pad rf with the type or
printmg surface, and the striking jplate /, applied to and so as to be operated by a swinging
Uame m, substantially as specifiea.

Also, the improved dating press as made, not only with the swing frame wi, the striking
plate or striker /, and an inking roller e, arranged and combined together and with type or
its equivalent, as specified, but as provided with an inking apparatus or surface for inking
the type, so arranged as to be passed oyer by or in contact with the roller during its move-
ment away from the type.

Also, the inking apparatus, as made of the porous or absorbent bed or inker ife, the ink re-
ceptacle A, and the screw i, constructed, arranged, and combined together, and so as to operate
substantiaily as specified.

No. 40,463. — Simon A. CuaiMiNS, of Vienna, Warren county, N. J. — Improvement in Reap*
insf Machines, — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — This improvement is designed to deliver
the grain falling upon the platform at the side of the machine by a number of reciprocating
rakes whose teeth project through and work in slots in the table or platform ; the rakes are
operated by eccentrics on a common shaft geared to the reaper. The rakes in their back mo-
tion are dropped with their points only flush with the top of the platform and project to make
tLeir effective stroke.

Claim, — First, the vibrating toothed beams B B, operating as set forth, in combination with
the slotted table A, constructed and arranged in the manner described.

Second, in combination wiih the slotted table A, constructed and arranged as described,
the column C, with its eccentrics p p, for giving motion to the vibrating toothed beams B B,
in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the curved end of the toothed beams B B, moving upon the pin «, in combination
with spring r, ratchet 9, and catch a', or the equivalent thereof, for giving the required motion
to one end of the toothed beams B B, sub;itaniially as sot forth.

No. 40,464. — ^Warren L. Fish, of Newark, N. J. — Improvement in Guides for Sewing
Machines, — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — An India-rubber roller is so arranged and ap-
plied to the guide as to press the whole mdth of a tuck or hem to keep it smooth and free
Irom puckers.

C/aiffi.— The arranp;ement of an India-rubber roller in comb^tion with the gauge plate &,.
substantially as herem specified.

No. 40,465.— John D. Flansburgh, of Philadelphia, P2^.^Improvement in Cooking
Stoves. — Patent dated November 3, 1863.— The door, or side plate, ot an oven has a trans-
parent plate and a protecting shutter, so that, by opening the latter, the condition of the con-
tents of the oven may be observed.

H. Ex. Doc. 60 48



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754 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Cluim.-^Thib application to the oven of a cooking stove of a transparent plate 4^, in i
bination with a protecting ontside shutter a3, the same being arranged to operate in Uie msa*
ner described, for the purposes specified.

No. 40,466.— Andrew C. Flint, of Boston, Mass.— /mprweJ Curtain FixtuTt.—VnaaA
dated November 3, 1663. — This is a spnne wire attached to the bracket and coiled aioond
the roller so as to partially support it and nave a frictional bearing upon it while rocatinf in
one direction, while it has a tendency to unclose when the roller is rotating in the oUmt
direction.

Claim. — ^The combination of the spring with the roller and its bracket, substantially ia
manner and so as to operato therewitu as specified.

No. 40,467. — Joseph A. Forsman, of Jamestown, Greene county, Ohio. — Improvememtim
Grindimg Mills, — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^The burrs are sot in a vertical piaas,
and the casing is so hinged as to bo laid back to expose the stones for drossing. Each stoae
is trammed oy means of set screws, and the grain from the hopper conveyed by a ^lifal
flange througn the eye of the nether stone.

claim. — ^ hinging the curbs or cases B C which contain the burrs as that, by the re-
moval of the £Mtening^ and the conveyor case and spindle, they may be opened ootwaidlj
in opposite directions, thereby bringing the faces of the burrs into a convenient positicm for
dresjiing, substantially as described.

Second, the combination of the hollow cylindrical box m, set screws and thrust bolt r,
constructed and arranged substantially as and for the purpose described.

Third, the combination of the acyustable or pivoted driver d with the tram screws a' s*, by
which the runner or revolving burr is easily trammed or sot at right angles to its axis ii
motion, substantiaUy as specified.

Fourth, the combination and arrangement of the conveyor 2, curb or case B, tram Bcrews
• s, and the stationary burr B^ when constructed and arranged substantially as described,
and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,468.— Samuel Gardiner, Jr., of New Tork, N. Y.—Improvement in ConstrueHmi
Hollow Projectiles, — Patent dated November 3, J 863.— The shell, to form the central cbaB-
ber, is attached to a mandrel, and the metal forced into the mould around it.

C/oim.— Constructing shells for fire-arms by forcin^^ the metal into the mould aromid aa
internal shell B supported on a mandrel F, all as herembefore described.

No. 40,469.— Melvin A. Gbbauno, of Granville, Licking county, Ohio.— /mprane^ Bar-
gXats' Alarm. — Patent issued November 3, 1863; antedated October 25, 1863. — ^This is a
spring and clock-work alarm connected by a spring cord to the window sash or door, so that,
on the opening of either, the cord is released by the slipping of the detaining hook from iu
cateh and the alarm started.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of the bridge, with the alarm and bell, and hole W in bell
for the purpose of winding up the alarm, substantially as and for the purpose specified.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 135 of 164)