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Second, the combination ot the attechment F G and H, in combination with pin K und
plates I and J, and hooks D, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,47(r.— William GerhaRDT, of New York, N. Y, -^Improvement in the Mam^me-
ture of Steel. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — The wrought-iron is brought to a welding
heat in a crucible, the oxide of iron or of manganese is added, and the molten cast-Iron
poured over all into the crucible or melting reservoir; the partial carbonization of the
wrought-iron and the partial decarbonization of the cast-iron take place at once — the pro-
portions determining the quality of the result.

Claim. — The method of converting wrought and cast iron into steel in the manner and for
the purposes above specified.

No. 40,471.— Enos Turner, of Chicago, 111., assignor to William S. Johnston, Jr. ot
same place. — Improvement in Anti-frictwn Roller Journal Bearings, — ^Patent dated Novem-
ber 3, 1863. — This is a circular system of rollers to surround the journal bearimi: ; each roller
rotates loosely on a shaft which has its bearings in an annular plate ; the mction rollers
rotate against the inner surface of the casing, whoso flanges provide an annnlar groove for
them to revolve in.

Claim, — ^The combination and arrangement of the metallic fnctional casing B, the roDers
a, the supporting shafts & and circular ^mes C, when said shafts are provided with shoulden
to prevent the frames C from pressing against the ends of the rollers, and are provided at
each end with heads countersunk in said frames C, and when the perforations through said
rollers are made larger than the shafts c, so that the friction may be thrown off from ue said
shafts c and come upon the casmg B and the journal, substantially as herein specified and
slrown.

No. 40,472.— William Gerhardt, of New York, N. Y, -^Improvement in Purifying hm
and Steel, — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^A case or tube containing oxide of iron, or other



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 755

«

jkieiurbonznig material, is iiftroduoed into tho mass of molten metal and the contents expelled
Into it by a plun|i^ in the tube : sulphur in the metal may be removed by adding ingredients
to tho oxides, wmch will make a gaseous combination with sulphur, or cause it to enter into
a combination with the covering flux. Modifications of construction are mentioned in Uie
specification.
C^atm.— The method herein fully described and for the purposes specified.

No. 40,473.— Thomas H. Gikard, of Batayia, Genesee county, N. Y.— ffamws Pad-
Former or Mouid. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — This is a hinged mould and pressure
block, between which the cushion of the pad is pressed into the required shape.

CUim, — The harness pad-former or mould, substantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 40,474.— Victor Giroud, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Marine Clocks,—
Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^This has reference to the means for winding the clock and
setting the hands without the use of a detached key or manipulation between the dial and
glass. It consists of a lever, pawl and ratchet, by which the clock is wound, and a spindle
and gear wheels by which the hands are set, the movement being attached to the dial, the
latter as well as the glass frame being hinged to the case.

CUUm, — ^First, the pawl lever I, pawl c, and ratchet wheel H, applied to the winding shaft e,
and in combination with a hinged dial to which the works are attached, substantially as
herein described.

Second, the spindle m, pinion /, and knob m', applied in combination with the gearing of
the hands and with the liinged dial, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40,475.— Thomas W. Godwin, of Portsmouth, Norfolk county, Va. — Improvement in
Lnbricatore, — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — This consists of two chambers and two screw
valves with threads running in opposite directions, so that as the upper valve is opened to
let the oil flow from the basin to the lower chamber, the valve closing the orifice leading
from said chamber is closed ; and, as the orifice is opened to admit steam to the machinery,
Uie valve above is closed to prevent the escape of steam.

Claim. — ^The arrangement and operation of a screw-plug valve F, having threads aa a
naming in one direction, and a combined feeding cup and g^nding valve A A'', having
threads ece running in the opposite direction, in connexion with an oil-cup, substan^tially
aa shown and de60iu>ed.

No. 40,476.— Louis Goldsmith and Noah Gregory, Jr., of Goshen, Orange county,
N. Y.— Implement for Catching 5irtJi«.— Patent dated November 3, 1863.— This consists of
a pair of tongs or jaws, one at the end of a pole and the other pivoted to it and closed by
pulling on a cord. A ratchet on the former and a pawl on the latter hold them in their closed
position. *

Claim. — ^The two jaws A A', formed of the hooks a a' and shanks e e', condected by the
pivot bf in connexion with the rack B, pawl C and rope G, and with or without the pole F
and gauge or set screw D, all arranged substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,477. — Jambs Greene, of Providence, R. I. — Improvement in Box for Case-harden-
tM^.— Patent dated November 3, 1863.— This box has an opening in the centre exposed to the
firo, so that the contents may be more equaUy heated ; and it is further provided with a
hinged bottom, so that, afler the contents nave been sufficiently heated in contact with the
bone dust or other matter, they may be suddenly precipitated into the water or other liquid.

Claim, — ^A box for case-hardening, constructed with a central opening or flue and a mova-
ble discharging bottom, all as herein shown and described, for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,478. — ^ISAAC Hicks, of Hartford, Washington county. Wis. — Improved Stump Ex-
tractor. — ^Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^This consists of a bridge frame provided with
pulleys, dc-c, and mounted on wheels, of which those under the hinder part of the frame
are fix^, and those under the forward end are so connected by a lever to the frame that the
latter can be made to rest upon them or upon the ground. The chain which is wrapped
around the stump or stone is made of plates connect^ by joints.

Claim.— The mimes J, provided with wheels o, and attached as shown to one end of the
bed-pieces d of the framing A, in combination with the fixed wheels n at the opposite ends
of the bed-pieces, and with the hook I, composed of a senes of plates h connected by joints,
as and for tne purpose specified.

No. 40,479.— E. 8. Hidden, of New York, N. Y,— Improved Deck Light.— Ftiteni dated
November 3, 1863.— This consists of a faucet so applied as to draw the water from the cham-
ber above tbe glass when the latter is not flush vrith the upper surface of the deck.

Claim. — A deck light for iron-clad vessels, provided with a faucet C applied to it in tho
manner sfubstantially as shown, to admit of the water being withdrawn from the chamber
above the light at the under side or below the deck, and without opening the glass or light,
substantially as herein set forth.



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756 ANNUAL EEPOET OP THE

No. 40,480.— S. L. Hill, of Williamsburg, Kings couoty, N. • Y.— /m/jroucrf Maddm for
making Boxes, — Patent dated November 3, 1663. — ^This consists of a former, correspondbsg
in shape and size to the interior of the boxes and with a surrounding casing in which ses
screws are placed to hold the sides of the boxes against the former while beij^ fastened.

. C'/aim.— -The employment or use, in the manufacture of wooden boxes, of a forme, pro-
yided with thumb-screws dy or their equivalents, and operating in the manner and for th»
pui-pose substantially as shown and described.

Also, the combination of the form a with the support b and the thumb-screws d, or ibeir
equivalents, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,481.— Reuben Hoffheins, of Dover, York county, Pa.—/moroeenieiil im fhr-
Testers. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — The improvements are in the frame, whidi is
made open 4>ehind and before, and purtially encloses one driving wheel, while the other is
joumalled outside; the tonguo is capable of being placed on either side of the first mentioned
wheel, according to whether it is to be used as a reaper or a mower ; the crank shaft lies ia
a sti-engthening flange cast on the gear frame, and the finger beam is enabled to turn on its
own axis to fold it away for transportation, or to adjust the vertical presentation of the fingers.

Claim. — First, the main frame and gear firame A A, constructed as described, open at each
end, when used in combination with shafts, gearing and double driving wheels, arranged and
operating substantially as and for the purposes specified.

Second, the flange a, cast or formed upon the gear frame for the combined purposes cf
strengthening the latter and protecting the crank shaft E, as hereinbefore explained.

Tliird, the movable tongue E, adapted to be attached to the frame on either side of the
wheel B', and employed to support or raise the inner end of the beam.

Fourth, attaching the shoe to the drag bar by a transverse swivel joint to permit the finger
boam to turn on its axis to elevate or depress the points of the fingers, or to fold the beaa
against the frame for transportation, when combined with bracing guides h', substantialiy as
herein described.

No. 40,4^2.— Bennet Hotchkiss, of New Haven, Conn.^Imorovement in Blowers.—
Patent dated November 3, 1863. — The blades in the blower are held between two rims, an
slightly recurved backwards, and taking the wind from the inside of the wheel, drive it into
an annular air chamber to the outlet.

.Claim. — The blades a a, when the same are of the form and set relatively to each other is
the manner described, and combined with an air chamber H, inlets F, and outlet I, substan-
tially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,483. — Seth C. Howes, of South Chatham, Barnstable county, Mass. — Imprvee-
ment in Planes for Beading ^ Mouldings 8fc. — Patent issued November 3; antedated October
24, 1863. — The degree of projection of the piano bit is regulated by a screw and nut, a point
on the latter engaging in a notch in the under side of the bit ; the latter is firmly held by a
screw clamp in the throat, which is curved so as to increase in size and favor the dischazge
of the shaving.

Claim, — ^As an improved article of manufacture a moulding plane, provided with Uie ad-
justing nut C, screw D, the holding clamp H, screw J, and curved throat e, all constructed
and operating together, as herein shown and described.

No. 40,484.-0. R. Hyde, of East Cleveland, Cuyahoga county, Ohio.— Tmprovenuni i*
Device for Oiling Thread in Sewing Machines, — ^Patent dated November 3, 1863, — To*the
needle arm a box is attached, in which latter is an oiled sponge; the thread traverses through
slots in the sides of the box in contact with the sponge.

Claim. — ^As an improved article of manufacture a sewing machine oil sponge box, made
as herein shown and described, with an opening a to receive the sponge, and clamps ddto
bind the box against the needle arm and close the said openings, all as set forth.

No. 40,485.— Frank G. Johnson, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improvement in Water MeUrs.—
Patent dated November 3, 1863. — The invention consists in measuring the water passing
through a large pipe by passing a relatively proportionate amount through a small tube, the
water in the latter passing through, and that in the former around the meter.

Claim, — The peculiar arrangement and combination of the crooked pipe F with the meter
C I, substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,486.— Richard W. Jones, of Syracuse, N. Y. - Harness Snap. -^FAtent dated No-
vember 3, 1863.— A spring is laid in a recess in the hook, which operates a pivoted dog to
close its nose against the point of the hook.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and combination of parts specifically.as described, and substan-
tially as and for the purposes set forth — that is to say, the spring B laid into a recess E in
the hook, without being applied thereto, and held in place by the pivot of the lip A, all as
herein described.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 757

No. 40,487. - TilOMAS B. Lamb, of Hamilton, Gratiot comity, Wich.— Improvement in
PercAssion Cap-Holder, — ^Patent dated November 3, 1863. — The cap-holder consists of tWo
notx^hed revolyinfl^ plates united at their centres, the portions of plate between the notches
being flexible and forming studs, on which the caps are placed. The cap plate rotates in a
casing which completely encloses it, except at a notch where the caps are placed in and re-
moved. A box and lid for holding an ex^a supply of caps occupies a portion of the interior
of the holder.

Claim. — ^First, the combination ot the revolving circular plate C C with studs e c c c, the
case A A A A' A', and opening d, the wheel operating substantially as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

Second, in combination with sucb revolving circular plates with their studs and the said
case, the box B with its cover B', substantially as herein described.

Third, the peculiar manner of forming the studs by means of two circular plates fastened
together in the centre, having notches cut out arouna their circumference so that one-half of
each stud is formed from one plate, and the other half from the other plate, and they are ca- .
pable of adjusting themselves to the size of the percussion cap that may be placed upon
them, substantial^ as and for the purpose herein described.

No. 40,488.— Samuel K. Lighter, of Hamilton, Butler cAunty, Ohio.—Improvement in
Harvesters. — ^Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^The improvements have reference to the lat-
eral and vertical adjustments of the tongue, which is socketed to a wedge-shaped piece with
a locking and a trigger-detaching arrangement for the lateral, and a semicircular bracket
with slots and set screws under the wedge-shaped socket for the vertical adjustment.

Claim. — First, in the described combination the pivot G, dog I, spring K, and trigger L,
or devices substantially equivalent, whereby the tongue of a harvestmg machine is rendered
lat;erally limber at the option of the operator, and restored automaticiuly to the rigid condi-
tion, substantially as set forth.

Second, the provision between a laten^ limber tongue F and the main frame of a har-
vester, of the wed^formed socket block H and inclined or adjustable bracket B, or devices
substantially equivalent

No. 40,489.— Henry Loewenbero, of New York, N. T.— Process for Transferring
Prints, Sfc. — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^A spirituous solution of resins is applied to
Uie paper to render it transparent ; the device printed on it is cfuised to adhere to a second
surface, which is made adhesive, and the paper may be removed or not, as preferred.

Claim. — ^Printing or drawing designs or characters on paper or cloth rendered transparent
in the manner described, and afterwards covering the prmted sur&ce with an adhesive sub-
stance to adapt the design to be transferred to another surface by moistening the adhesive
substance, as hereinbefore explained.

No. 40,490.— William W. Marston, of New York, N. Y. - Improvement in Primed Me-
tallic Cartridges. — ^Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^The percussion nipple is projected
through an orifice in the rear of the cartridge case, the flange of the former lying against the
rear of the case.

Claim. — ^The flanged nipple 6, containing the detonating material, in combination with
the cartridge case, having a perfonvted base for the passage of said nipple, as specified.

No. 40,491.— Thomas J. Mayall, of Roxbury, Mass.— fntprorsmsiit tii Restoring WasU
/?»66er.— Patent issued November 3, 1863 ; antedated October 29, 1863.— The waste rubber,
combined, as it i^, with fibrous matter, sulphur, &c., is reduced to a fine condition by chop-
ping or otherwise, and then exposed to the direct action of the flames of gas or inflammable
liquids, by which the foreign matters are consumed and the rubber rendered plastic and
coliesive.

Claim.— The process or means, as herein described, by which sulphur or fibrous materials,
or either, which nave been combined with India-rubber or gutta-percha, separately or combing,
before being subjected to the process of vulcanization, and whether vulcanized rubber articles
or not, by subjecting the same to the flame of inflammable liquids or gases, such as spirits of
turpentine, camphene, petroleum or carbon oil, alcohol, benzine, benzole, naphtha, or any other
inflammable liquids or gases producing the same result, substantially as set forl^.

No. 40,492.— Asher Merwin and C. H. Hobart, of Padua, McLean county, HI.—
Improvement in Com Planters. — Patent dated November 3, 1863.— The improvement Is in
the method of suspending the runner. frame from the front part of the machine; under the
vibration of the lever the rod is caused to bend the toggle joint supporting rod and raise the
ixame.

Claim.— The frame D, pivoted to vortical bars d attached to the front part of the frame
A of the machine, when said frame is arranged with or raised and lowered by means of the
ioggfe J, rod L, and lever M, substantially as herein set forth.



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758 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THB

No. 40» 493.— Charles G. Miller, of Bmttleboro', Windham county, Vt — Impr^ttd
Clothts />ry«r.— Patent dated November 3, 1863.— This consists of a bracket to be fa6teiie4
to a wall, having lips or logs throtigh which a vortical bolt is passed, which serves as a pirol
for clothes bars which are movable laterallv within a range ot about 18(P»

C/aim.— The arrangement of the plate C and adjusting nnt c with the screw bolt fr, hta
D, and lips a a', all in the manner axid for the porpose herein shown and deacribed.

No. 40,494.— George Mullikin, of Littleton, Grafton conntj, N. H. — hnprovememt n
Water fFAM/f.- Patent dated November 3, 1863.— At the back of each backet is a berizoDtal
plate attached to the hab and intended to deflect the sheet of water downward^iind preventi
its reacting against the back of the backet; the water is admitted hj a pivoted gate wbeee
rear end moves in connexion with a segmental plate.

Claim, — ^The combination of the honzontal plates e with the backs of the backets B, sub-
stantially in the manner herein shown and described, whereby ^e water is made to act witk
its full force upon the faces of the buckets, and is prevented nrom reacting against the ba^
'of the buckets, all as set forth.

Also, the arrangement of the segment plate J with the pivoted gate H, and shaft I, in the
manner herehi shown and described.

No. 40,495.— H. B. and G. A. Myers, of Schoolcraft, Ealnmazoo county, Mich. — hmyrom-
ment in Grain Drills, — Patent dated November 3, 1863. — The seed box and slide box ire
attached to the bar by means of the dovetailed upper ends of the drill teeth, and Uie whale
described arrangement is lifted out of its place m the frame by means of the semicirciiiv
pivoted lever.

Claim, — ^First, the semicircular lever O applied to the seed box E, as shown, vrh&i said
seed box is arran^d or fitted in the frame C, as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the dnll teeth I, provided with dovetails J on their upper ends, to fit in corre-
sponding recesses in the back of the bar D, to secure the box J to the seed box £, as set UoHl

No. 40,496.— Theophilus Ogden and Jos. Hindermter, of Philadelphia, Pa.— Ib-
proved Soda Water Fcmntain.- Patent dated November 3, 1863.— The bottom of the soda
fountain has a hollow arched chamber which forms a receptacle for ice, the floor of said
chamber being an elastic water-proof diaphragm which cbngs to the lower flange of the
fountain.

Claim, — ^First, providing a soda-water fountain of any form equivalent to the one hexciB
described with aA inwardly arched bottom B, forming a receptacle for ice beneath the seda-
water chamber.

Seoond, the use of an elastic, self-tightening bottom H, in connexion with the describsd
receptacle for ice, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth*

No. 40,497. — Isaac H. PaImer, of Lodi, Columbia county, Wisconsin. — bnpravamtmi in
Orain Drill T^etA.- Patent dated November 3, 1863.— Explained by the claim.

Claim, — ^A drill or cultivator tooth, jointed at or about its mid lengUi, to permit it to yield
backward in the event of striking an immovable obstacle, and provided with a ^ring attached
directly to the tooth, independently of the frame, for the purpose of throwinfi^ itke tooth for-
ward to its operating position when released, substantially as herein described.

No. 40,498.— Nbwtoh A. Patterson, of Kingston, Roane county, Tenn.— ImprvrcvMrt
til the Construction of Cannon and Fire-^trms, — ^Patent dated November 3,^1863.— Sheets of
metal, fusible at different temperatures, are alternately wrapped around a mlandrel or a bam],
and are united by the melting of the more fusible metal.

Claim, — The process of constructing or strengthening ordnance or other fira-arms by
colling sheets of different metals, adapted to fuse at different temperatures, upon or anmnd a
mandrel or cylinder, or the barrel or breech of the gun, and unitmg the coils of harder metd
by the fusing of the softer metal, substantially as hereinbefore explained.

No. 40,499. — James N. Pease, of Panama, Chautauqua county, N. T. — Jm pr o v emewi im
Horse Poioer*.- Patent dated November 3, 1863. — ^The periphery of the master wheel has
V-shaped teeth, which engage with a paUet attached to a lever which has rods' connected to
its ends ; they again are connected to other levers and rods passing to the mechanism to be
operated.

Claim, — ^The wheel B, provided with Y-shaped teeth 6, in combination with the pallet C,
. lever D, and the rods £ G and levers F, or their equivalents, all arranged to opente sub-
stantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,500.— William G. Philips, of Newport, Newcastle county, "D^-^hm/n^vememt in
l,adder 8. —FsLtQut dated November 3, 1863.— 'This ladder is jointed m the middle, and has a
locking latch when used as a step ladder. It is also capable of use when folded or )it its
full extension, and the splay of its feet at the bottom increases its base of support.

Claim. — Curving or bending out the sides & of a ladder, substantially as and for the pur-
pose shown and described.



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CQMMISSIONBB OF PATENTS. . 759

No. 40,501 .—John G. BASfpAix, of Canon City, Fremont county, Colorado Teiritoiy.— >
improved Machine for Grinding Ores and Amalgamating Precious Metals. — Patent datod
November 3, 1863. — This confiists of a stationary pan with a high rim or edge, and a cen-
tral stationary die; above this is a revolving furrowed die set in a runner with downwardly
pr<^ecting^rim, the material being fed in at a central tube.

Claim. — The stationary die D secured within a statiomury pan B, in combination with the
revolving die £, provided with furrows e and secured within the pan F, having the tube H
attached to it, the pan B being arranged €i9 shown to admit of a quicksilver receptacle b,
into whkh the rim a^ of the pan F projects, substantially as and for the purpose herein set
forth.

No. 40,502.— E. B. Bequa, of Jersey City, N. J.^Imvroved Head Block for Saw MilL^
Patent dated November 3, 18G3. — ^The two dogs are worked by right and left screws, so as
to be operated simultaneouslv, or one is adjustable separately by the traversing of its clamp-
ing screw in a slot in the dog. The side bars act as guides, traversing in grooves in the
sides of the nuts to which the dogs are attached.

Claim. — First, the employment or use of two screws J J' connected by a clutch K, ar-
ranged as shown, or in any equivalent way, in combination wjth dogs N Iv connected with
the screws, through the medium of nuts M M', and arranged substantially as shown to ad-
mit of the simultaneous adjustment of both dogs N N', and the separate adjustment of one
dog N when required, for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the two bars H. H attached to the bar G, and fitted in gprooves a* in the sides of
. the nuts M M', as and for the purpose specified.

Third, the attaching of the upper dog N to its nut M by means of a screw g passing



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 136 of 164)