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the large one forming the bed or anvil, and the others the feed and the pressure ndlers, re-
spectively ; above this bed, in an inclined position, but radial with the roller upon which it
impinges, is a chisel stock, moving in ways attached to the frame of the machine; the stock
is lifl^ by a cross-head or double cam which enters a slot in its uppor point, raises and then
frees it to the impulse of the spring, which brings it down with the cutter upon the blank
with a force proportioned to its weiffht and the tension of the spring.

Claim. — First, a file-cutting madiine constructed with inclined ways a' a" inclined chisel
stock 6, adjustable power spring/, and a rotating^ bed B, all arranged stibstantiaUy as de-
scribed.

Second, in a file-cutting machine, the combination of a rotary bed B, feed roller m, and
tpTva^ pressure roller m', and inclined cutter stock 6, substantially as described.

Third, arranging the spring pressure roller m at an intermediate point between the rolling
bed B and the feed roller m, substantially as described.

Foufth, cutting or producing the abraded surface upon the brotfd sides of files upon a
cylindrical rotating bed, substantially as described.

Fifth, the combination and arrangement (with the system of mechanism which actuates
the chisel and the roller bed) of the roller bed, the inclined chisel and the spring^regolating
device, all constructed and operating substantially as described.

No. 40,535.— Michael A. Collins, of Chelsea, Suffolk county, Mass., assignor to Him-
self, George W. Butterfield, and William A. Bichardsos,— Improved Monitor Tur-
ret, — Patent dated November 3, 1663. — This turret is composed of annular segments whoso
upper and lower sides are respectively grooved and ton^ued, so that the^ sh^ fit upon one
another to secure the requisite height and relative position, the latter being further sccorcd
by vertical bolts which descend through holes in the whole series and looc them together,
the se^ents having any required material interposed between the layers.

Claim, — ^The improved battery, fort, or monitor turret, as constructed of a series of annular
segments, made, arranged, and confined together substantially in manner as represented in
the accompanying drawingpi, and as hereinl^fore specified.

Also, a turret as so made, and having felt or other suitable non-vibratorv or non-resonant
material interposed between the layers of annular segments, substantially as and for the
purpose specined;

No. 40,536.— Frederick Fickey, Jr., of Baltimore, Md., assignor to William H.
FiCKEY, of same place. — Improvement in Tobacco Pipes. — ^Patent dated November 3, 1863. —
The volatile results pass from the tobacco chamber mto a vertical passage whose lower end
forms a nicotine chamber; the smoke (except what condenses on the sides of this chamber)
passes upwards and then down to the saliva chamber, and thence to the exit.

Claim,— So arran^ng the smoke passages of a tobacco pipe, in combination with distinct
receptacles for nicotine and saliva, that these fluids respectively will be received and retained
in separate vessels and be prevented from mingling together or being drawn into and
through the pipe stem, the arrangement and construction behig substantially as described
and represented.

No. 40,537.— Edwin J. Frazer, of Chicago, HI., assignor to Himself and E. W. Hazard,
of Galesburg, l\\,—Imvrovement in Galvanic Batteries,— -Futent dated November 3, 1833. —
The cap is emnular and lies between the zinc and outer jar, and partially upon the Hitter ; it
is composed of three thicknesses, the lower of wood and the upper of metal, with an inter*
posed rin^ of rubber ; the centre of the jar is occupied bv a cylinder of sine attached to the
coyer; this admits of sealing the contents of the jar. The insulated screw cap has attadied
to it a metallic spring which presses against a sheath of insulating material on a stud, or
against the stud as mav be desired, the latter being the course adopted when it is required to
remove the zinc from the jar without disturbing other jars in the same battery.

Cteim.— First, the cap ab c and cover C, in combination with each other and with tte
sine B and jar A, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATEXT8. 765'

Second, the stud t , insulating ibeath j, and spring A, applied in combination with each
other and with the metal ring c of the cap abc,ot its equivalent, substantially as and for the
purpose herein specified.

No. 40,538. — Halyor Halvorson, of Cambridge, Middlesex county, Mass.. assignor to
CiiARLES Spear, of Boston, J^Iass. — Improvement in Exploswe Shells, — Patent dated Novem-
ber 3. 1863. — ^This shell has an open mouth and central opening terminating in soiral pas-
sages, by the passage of the air through which latter, rotation is produced. Around the cen-
tral cavity is a chamber for explosive material, which is closed in front by a cap, under
which is the fulminate. The base is recessed.

Claim, — First, the exterior explosive chamber lying exterior and around the central pas-
sage, and in combination therewith and with the mouth and air openings and passages for
producing rotation of the shell, as herein set forth.

Second, the cap A, in combination with the explosive chamber g, as and for the purposes
herein described.

No. 40,539.— Enoch Harrison, of New York, N. T., assignor to Himself and Edward W.
Serrell, of same place. — Improved Pontoon Boat, — Patent issued November 3, 1863 ; ante-
dated October 29, 1863. — The parts of the boat are made detachable for convenience in trans-
portation. The sides and ends are locked together by angle pieces and bolts, and the bottom
secured by metallic straps and draw bolts to the sides.

C(.aim, — ^The mode of retaining the floor planks beneath the thwarts £ gt by the metallic
straps k k and bolts 2 2, in combination with the removable side and ena pieces of the boat
as set forth.

No. 40,540.-^Ebbnezer C. C. Kellogg, of Hartford, Conn., assignor to Himself and
James C. Cabipbell, of New York, N. Y. — Improvement in Repeating Ordnance. — Patent
dated November 3, 1H63. — ^This consists of a carriage on wheels with a series of slides con-
taining chambers for cartridges, which slides are operated by means of a lever and rack so
as to bring the chambers consecutivelv to the rear of the barrel in position, the movement
also operating the cocking and firing device in proper order of time. Either of the barrels
may be brought into the position for firing whUe the other may be cooling. The carriage is
rocked on its axle so as to elevate or depress the gun by means of its jointed bars and sector
rack which is engaged by a worm screw rotated by hand.

Claim, — First, the combination with a series or system of many-chambered slides G G of
two connected barrels adjustable upon the carriage in such manner that either may be brought
to the operative position and used while the other is cooling, substantially as herein specified.

S<x*ond, combining the barrels with the carriage by means of a sliding plate C, constructed
with rings D D, to embrace the two barrels in such manner as not to interfere with their
longitudmal expansion.

Third, the pawl carrier H, furnished with two pawls k /, and applied in combipation with
the ratchets on the many chambered sides G G and with the hand lever I, substantially as
and tor the purpose herein specified.

Fourth, the cocking lever N' and its dog N, applied and arranged in combination with the
hammer J and hand lever I, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Fifih, the lettin^-oflf lever P, furnished with a tongue P2 and spring P3, applied in combi-
nation wiUi the trigger p and the hand lever I, substantially as and for the purpose herein
specified.

Sixth, the stop lever B and stop pin v, applied in combination with the many-chambered
slides G G, and with the hand lever 1, pawl carrier H, and pawls K L, substantially as and
for the purpose herein specified.

Seventh, the combii^otion of the jointed bars S and T, the toothed sector T', and endless
screw V, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40,541.— IiOOBHS G. Marshall, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Himself and An-
DRE\v Cochran, of same place. — Improvement in Iron Railway Chairs and Crosi-ties. —
Pat out dated November 3, 1863.— The chair has two grooves, one on top fitting the flanges
on the base of the rail, and the other, a similar groove, at right angles to the former, fitting
on the flanges of the cross*tie ; on the outside of the rail and on one side of the tie, between
the roil and chair and the tie and chair, are driven wedge-shaped keys; an elastic pad of
rubber is interposed on both sides of the chair between it and the rail and tie respectively.

Claim, — ^First, the square-shaped double-grooved chair with its elastic rubbers, as herein
described.

Second, the arrangement and combination of the rail chair and tie, arranged, constructed
and keyed together as herein described, and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,542.~LuKE 8. Mills, of New York, N; Y., and Charles Hart Smith, of Bal-
timore, Md. — Improved Roofing for Buildings, — Patent dated Novembers, 1863. — Explained
by the cUum.

Claim, — A roofing composed of a lower layer of felt or sheathing paper and a top layer of
some rigid substance, the two being firmly connected by an interniediate layer of cement.



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766 HmUAL BEPOBT OF THB

Ko. 40,543.—^ SL Noble, of Prairie da Chien, Crawford toanty. Wis., a88igiH>r to Hte
self, Joseph Gk>ooiucH, Charles Goodrich, and William M. Woolet. — Jmnrovemtm
ta Dinetimg ProjeelUeM, — Patent issued November 3, 1863; antedated October 1, 1863.— Tbe
projectile is attached to a wire, and when fired vertically describes a coarse which is an are
of the circle of which the cord is the radios. The wire is anchored to a point haif-waj be-
'tween the gnn and the object aimed at.

C/aim.— First, causing^ a projectile, after leaving the gun, to describe the arc of a drde in
its flight, sabstantially as herein delineated and set forth.

Second, causing the projectile to describe the arc of a drde after leaving the grin, until it
reaches anv required point in safd arc, and then to move on in a tangent line to said are,
substantialiy as neiein specified and described.

No. 40,544.— J. F. Sheldrn, of Pope Creek, Meroar ooontj, lU.— Inioroveiiieirf im R^wimg
S^rgkmm Juice and Birup. —Phl&ai issued November 3, 1863; antedated S^tember 23, 1863.
Soda and cream of tartar, or thdr equivalents, are added to thia sirup or sorghum molasses,
which removes the green acrid taste and purifies it

CUim, — Treating sorghum or cane simps successively with soda, cream of tartar, and
milk, b J the process hemn described and for Uh» purposes specified.

No. 40,545.— Joseph H. Atwater, of Providence, Providence county, R. I. — Newtpm-

ver Ft^.— Issued November 10, 1863; antedated October 39, 1863.— This invention consiste
in makinff the rods taper towards one or both of their ends so as to embrace mor« firmly the
papers, fdso to unite tne ends of the rods with an elastic band to accommodate the file to the
increase of the papers.

Claim, — First, making one or both of the rods largest in the middle and taperinc; gradusDy
toward one or both ends, so that when they are clipped together at the ends thoy act ss
springs on the pi^r between them.

Se^nd, encirdmg the rods toward each end beyond the paper damped between tfaem with
elsstic bands or straps, substantially as described.

No. 40,546.— Albert Ball, of Worcester, Uus.—Improvement im PUiskimg JfodbtM.—
Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^This invention consists in a table adjustable vertically, ss
that the object to be polished may be gfuided by its surface, and, by the lowering or deta^
ing of parts of the taole, the work may be brought conveniently to the polishing wheel not-
withstanding some projections.

Claim, — ^First, the aqjustable table forming a ^ide for the surface to be polished.

Second, making the table in parts to al^ow projections to pass dose up to the side of the
wheel, substantially as set forth and described.

No. 40,547.— Charles L. Bander, of Cleveland, Oh\o,^ImprovemeHt im Trmvdlimg bf
valid Chairs, — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — This improvement consists in arrange-
ments for extending, propelling, and guiding an invalid chair — ^the former being acco
plished by a locking lever, with notches and spring, the propdling by a lever, pitman, i
crank under the control of the sitter, and the steering by g^uide-wheels and jointed rods.

Claim, — First, the locking lever £ for holding the ch£r at any inclination or <



end, the mode of propelling the chair by the arrangement of the driving-wheels K sod
their cog-gearing, as herein described.

Third, the manner of guiding the movements of the chiur in any dlrectioii by the guide-
wheels and their jointed rods, as herein described.

No. 40,548.— J. S. Bodge, of Bath, N. '^,—Imjn^vtd Oram Separator.^^mUmi dated
November 10, 1863.— The brackets on the sides are for the purpose of sustaining the imper-
forate plates which are located above the riddles to prevent the grain from rising and passing
endwise through the meshes. The ridges on the lower riddle are intended to catch the grun
and turn the oats into a favorable position for passing the meshes of that riddle ; the sinks
around the perforations ii| the upper riddles are intended to favor the passage of wheat, as
the diameter of the sink is too small for the length of the oat The devices are mainly te
the separation of wheat and oats.

Claim, — ^First, the slides I, having inwardly projectin)|[ arms or bra^ets h, in comblnatMrn
with the tapering keys f', as and for the purpose specifie
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Second, the adjustable imperforate plates H H^ in combination with the riddles F and £*»
as and for the purpose specified.

Third, the inclined screen K having one or more ridges P across it, as and for the ]
specified.

Fourth, the shoe L adapted to have longitudinal movement in the frame £, in eon
with the riddles F and F', and imperforate plates H and H', as described.

Fifth, surrounding a portion of each of the perforations in the riddle F and F', at bottom.
with a sloping fioncn e, as and for the purpose spedfied.



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COMBOSSIOK^ OF PATENTS. 767

* ' No. 40,549.— Alonzo T. Boon, of Oalesbnrg, Knox comity, JM,—Imfrm9ed MttaUie
Biirra.— Patent dated November 10, 1663. — ^The invention has relation to making a thin
ciicolar disk of cast-eteel and attaching it to an iron disk.

CUim, — ^H^king the grinding surface of mill bnrrs of cast-stedl in the form of a thin dr-
colar disk, and attaching the same to the face of the iron disk, or its eqoivc^ent, sabstantially
as described.

No. 40,550.— Alonzo T. Boon, of Galesborz, Knox coontj, J\i.^ImpravemeiU in G$at
Cattiii^.— Patent dated November 10,. 1863.— The invention consists of an arran|nement for .
regulating the height and anele of the machine, and one to regulate the depth of the cut—
the former by a slotted stan&rd and set screw ; the latter by a bar elongated beyond the
periphery of the disk.

C2aim.— First, the combination of the slotted standards B B', screws C 0^ and nuts K K',
K K^ or their equivalents, when attached to the index G, for the purpose of adjusting the
wheel to be cut, at the proper height in relation'to the cutter, ana the arrangement of the
elongated beur D, set handle screw £, for the purpose of regulating the depth of the cut,
substantially in the manner and for the pun>ose herein set forth.

Second, in combination with the above tne attachment of mv gear-cutting apparatus to a
common or engine lathe, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,551.— Jesse H. Bunnell, of Massillon, Stark county, Ohk>,^Impravement im
Afvaratus for Making /ce.— Patent dated November 10, 1863.— The object is to fill the box
witn ice without its aohering to the bottom. This is secured bv first allowing a proper
thickness to freeze on top, then withdrawing the water beneath it to let that sheet of ice
down on to the blocks or studs, then fill up to ascertain height, and so on till the box is filled,
when the movable sides are withdrawn and the block removed.

Clt^m, — First, in combination with a box or vessel constructed substantiallv as herein
described, the floor A, provided with the blocks or studs £ and cocks or vents ¥ F\ for the
purpose of preventing contact and adhesion between the ice and the flo<»r, as explained.

Second, the movable sides C, constructed and secured substantially as herein described,
for rendering the ice accessible to the dividing or sawing apparatus.

Third, in combination with the studded floor A £ a senes of cocks (a vents F F' G G',
arranged as and for the purposes specified.

Nfo. 40,552.— Joel Bryant, of Brooklyn, N. Y,^ImprovemetU in Lids or Covers for
Cans, ifc, — ^Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^The invention consists in providing the lid
or cover with a central opening and a plug or screw to close it in the final stopping of the
air-tight cover.

Claim. — The exclusive use of lids or covers L for jars or cans, when provided with an
opening V, and plug or screw S, or their equivalent, when coiutructed and operating sub-
stantially as herein described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,553.— John Webster Cochrane, of New York, N. Y,^ Improvement in Revolv-
ing Fire-arms.— Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^This invention consists of two rammers
connected by a yoke and operated by a lever segment-toothed wheel and rack ; one of which
will enter at the rear of the chamber to remove the cartridge case, and the other at the for-
Tvard part of the chamber to ram home the cartridge. The cvlinder revolving in connexion
frith a single barrel, and the chamber being filled as described at the side of the piece.

Claim, — ^The loading and unloading rammers or pistons d and d' connecting bar or yoke
e with the gear lever h for revolving fire-arms. •

Na 40,554.— Phujp H. CorBett, of West Manchester, Allegiiany county, Pft.— /m-
provement in Locomotives. — Patent dated November 10, 1663. — ^The improvement consists in
an extra inn'ir plate for the smoke-box and cinder chamber of locomotives, whereby the outer
and main plate is protected from the immediate action of the fire.

C/aim.— ^Making the body of the smoke-box of locomotives with double nlatee A B B',
with an air space between them, with perforations C C, for the purpose of protecting the
puter plate from the destructive action of the heat, substantially as specified.

No. 40,555. — Phiup H. Corbett, of West Manchester, Alleghany countv, Ftk.^ Improved
I>rasght Regulator for Loeomofives.— Patent dated November 10, 186:3. — ^This improvement
consisu in providing the escape pipe with a number of holes which are opened or closed by
means of a circular thimble 9r sleeve which embraces that part of the escape pipe occupied
by the holes, so that by the opening or closing the draught is increased or diminished.

Claim. — Providing the escape pipe C with openings or holes £ and valves F operating
substantially as and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,556.— TiMOTHT £arle, of Smithfield, Providence county, B. l.^Imfrovem€nl in
Preserve Cans, Jars, ^e.— Patent dated November 10, 1863.- The ca^ is placed so as to fit
orer the rim around the mouth of the jar, a ping is placed over the orifice in the lid, and a



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768 ANNUAL BEPOBT OP THE

hook cramping bar wliich catches uncler the flange of the necl^on being rotated presses vpon -
the cam-shap^ rim of the plug and closes both it and the lid.

Claim. — The method, soDstantiallj as described, of controlling the air rent to a preserve
can or jar bj causing the same pressure which holds the cover upon the jar to secure the
Yent and the same motion which unfastens the cover to relieve the vent, as herein set forth.

No. 40,557.— Stlyester O. Farnham, of East Hartford, ComL—Impravement in GaUt,
Patent dated November 10, 1863. — The upper rail of the ffate is very much extended, and
the gate is slipped longitudinally from across the track ; it is supported bj a T-raii whose
flanges are embraced by the upper and lower rollers as the gate traversee.

Ctaim, — Making the upper rail of a gate longer than the gate itself, in combination with
a double-track raifplate t and rolls </, arranged and operating substantially in the manner as
described.

No. 40,558.— Derrick P. Felts, of N^w York, N. Y.—lmprotement im C^mfrreUcs.—
Patent dated November 10, 1863.— -The ends of the ribs are hooked into holes in the crown
piece and a disk screwed down on to them to prevent their disengagem^iL '

Claim. — The hook-shaped ends of the umbrella ribs or braces, formed by bending the
wire composing such rib or brace, in combination with the perforated crown piece or runner
receiving such hooks, and with the disk at the back of such hooks for retaining them in
place, as and for the purposes specified.

No. 40,559.— F. H. FuRNiss and Jacob Hovey, of Cleveland, Ohio.— impnwem^f w
Piitons far Steam Emgimea. — Patent dated November 10, 18b5. — By the openings the steam
is admitted into the piston so as to expand the ring^ against the inside of the cylinder to
keep It steam-tight. There are two*sets of valves, communicating by orifices with the
respective sides of the piston, so as to be operated by the steam from either side alternately.
' Claim. — First, the openings £ and F, vaives 1, in combination with the piston, as and tor
the purpose set forth.

Second, the hollow screw K, forming an adjustable valve seat, in combination with the
valve I' and piston, for purposes described.

Third, the grooves M, in combination with the openings and piston, as and for the purpose
specified.

No. 40,560.— -Thomas W. Godwin, of Portsmouth, Norfolk county, Ytu—ImprovemmU
in LnbHcatoTB. — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — By the rotation in one direction the lower
orifice is closed and the upper opened, and vice versa ; the object is by one motion to admit
oil from the upper cup to the reservoir while the steam is withorawn, and by the other motion
to close the upper passage and allow the lubricant to flow to the ipachinery. A central tube
in the reservoir allows the condensed water to collect in the reservoir, the oil floating on tha
top and running over.

Claim. — First, the vertical shaft C C, substantially as described.

Second, the tube £, in combination with the vertical shaft C C, substantiallj as ahoim
and described.

No. 40,561.— Charles W. Guest, of Dexter, Washtenaw county, Mich.— /mjmwetf
Machine for Raising, Creatimg, and Sticking Leather. — Patent dated November 10, 1863l —
The upper roller has a series of forms to be impressed on leather, and each is bouxided by a
thin 'deep flange for confining the stri^ laterally, while the flanges of the lower roller vp-
poach the forms between the flanges in the upper, and keep the leather pressed against said
terms.

Claim.— The employment of the rollers B' and "R", in combina^on with the uneqnal-saed
spur gear wheels </and o" and the forked and weighted lever D, constructed, arraAged and
operated substantially as and for the purposes speeded.

No. 40,562.— Samuel Hoyt, of New York, N. Y.-^-Improved Sugar Evaporator,-— F^tealt
dated November 1 0, 1863. — ^This consists of a series of pans arranged in vertical aeries, the firs
being applied under the upper one, and thence conducted in a divinff flue to the second, thence
to the third, under and through which it passes to the chimney; the bottoms of- the papa are
corrugated and incbned, ana they discharge to the ones below by pipes. Other pointa ef
detail are explamed in the claim

C/aim.— First, forming a flue communication between two or more evaporating paoa
arranged one above another, constructed with gradually diminished flues in their bottoms,
substaotiadly as herein described.

Second, increasing the amount of heating surfaces of the flues, in the several succeeding
pans, according to ue difierent conditions of the simp subjected to these pans, substantially
as descnbed.

Third, the combination of the inclined longitudinally corrugarted evaporating sni^Msea, wi&
the transverse receiving troughs and discharge pipes, substantially as described.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 138 of 164)