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COMMISaiOHBB OF PATBNTS. T69

Fourth, eoDstraodnff the pan A3 with a oentrel comigated floe B4 passiag through it and
communicatiDg^ with the common flue of the series of pans, sabstantickllj as described.

Fifth, constructing^ the pan A' with a corrugated evaporating plate b' and a corrugated
bottom plate a% both pktes forming a flue of increased capacity, and constituting the bottom
of said pan, substantially as described.

Sixth, a series of evaporatiufi^ pans, arranged, in or nearly in horizontal planes, one above
another, and furnished with Inclined evaporating surfaces and a common flue running
through the whole, substantially as set forth.

Seventh, in combination with the system of evaporating pans, arranged substantially as
described, the system of pipes for changing the sirup from one pan to another, substantuUly
as set forth.

No. 40,563.~Sabcuel Horr, of New Tork, N. Y.-^Imvrovement in Steam Boi/ers.— Patent
dated November 10, 1863. — ^The boiler is of a cylindrical form, with longitudinal corrugations ;
the flues are also corrugated, and consist of a central and two curved flues ; the jacket or
case enclosing the furnace is made flaring towards the front, and affords space for an anzil-
iary grate on each side of the main furnace.

Claim, — First, constructing the shell of a steam boiler with that portion of its sur&ee
which is exposed to the fire and heat corrugated, and that portion which is not thus exposed
plain or uncorruji^ated, subst^tially as described.

Second, combining with a partially corrugated boiler shell the corrugated iacket £, so
applied thereto that it forms a flue space, encloses that portion of the ^iler shell which is
corruffated, and communicates with the internal flues B C C, substantially as described.

Third, the auxiliary fire chambers J J, in combination with the main mp chamber G and
flaring jacket £, substantially as and for the purposes described.

Fouith, the combination of the internal curved flues C C with the central drcular floa B,
substantially as described.

No. 40,564.— Antoni Iske, of Lancaster, 'Pek,— Improved Extension Bedstead.—TBimDi
dated November 10, 1863.^The head and foot boards, when closed and a loose board put on,
resemble a cabinet ; on being extended, their pivoted truss connexion forms the side, and the
cross-bars of the same support the transverse slats for the mattress. The foot board being
dispensed with, and the bock inclined and supported by the ratchet bar makes a settee.

Claim. — The employment of pivoted cro8s4tats L, in combination with the head and foot
boards of a bedstead A and F 6, or their eqwalent, the front and rear portions of a side
board B and F, with their sides SI and S2 imd loose top T, made and arranged substandally
as shown, with the slotted plates K.

Also, the ratchet O, in combination with the afi&xed or hinged head-board A, cross-slats L,
and rails B, when arranged substantially in the manner shown, for the purpose specified.

No. 40,565. — Samuel Jollt, of Bipley, Brown county, Ohio. — Improvement in Orai*
Drills. — Patent dated November JO, 18iB3. — The seed slides are operated from a cross-bar
attached by pitmen to the cranks on the driving wheel. The pitmen are detached from the
cross-bar, and the seed dropping stopped by means of a hand rcnl and a rocking frame which
lifts the pitmen.

Claim,— The combination and arranjB^ement of the slides k, cross-bar j, pitmen i i, snd
cranks A A, as and for the purpose si>ecified.

In combination ^ith the pitmen i % the arrangement of the U-shaped piece s and hand
rod /, for disengaging the pitmen from the cross-bar j, and temporaruy suspending the de-
livery of seed, as herein described.

No. 40,566. —George A. Jones, of New York, N. Y, —Improvement in Lamps.-— V^tnA
dated November 10, 1863.— Explained by the claim.

Claim, — Constructing lamps, which use an impelled current of air to promote combustion,
with an outer or enclosme case or shell surrounding the oil chamber, but at a little distance
from it, so that the impelled current of air may pass up around the oil chamber, and in the
space between it and the enclosing shell, to the wick, for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,567.— Melvin W. Knox, of Sheridan, Chautauqua county, N. Y, —Improvement m
Securing Combined Railroad Chair and SpHce-piece^—VAteat dated November 10, 1863.— The
aplice-piece and chair extends under the rails on each side of the joint, and also acts as a side
brace; it is fastened to the rail by key bolts, and the latter being entered from opposite direc-
tions, are retained in their mortices by a spring.

Claim, — A railroad chair and coupling combmed, together with the bolts and keys seemed
by a spring, substantially as described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,568.— Charles Eugene, of Laederich, St, Amier, Canton of Berne, Eepublic of
SwitzerUnd.— /mvrovemefU in IVinding and Setting IVatches, —P&i&ni dated November 10,
ia63.^Patented m France May 19, 1^— The winding up and the setting of the hand* of

H. Ex. Doc. 60 49



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770 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

the watch take place by the knob of the pendant, through the intervention of a sliding stem
and pinion. The pin is locked in the winding position by a stop, and is unlocked and pushed
further in to engage the hand-setting mechanism.

C^aim.— The snding stem d, carrying a pinion / that will alternately by moving it rotate
the wheel A, or the wheel p, and thus wind up the watch or set the hands, substantially as
herein described.

Also, in combination with the sliding stem d, the neck o and sliding stop n, for the purpose
of holding said stem and its pinion in proper position for winding the watch, its other posi-
tion for moving the hands being regulatea by the end of ito movement, thus enabling the
user to operate the parts by one hand only, substantially as described and illustrated by the
annexed drawings.

No. 40,569.— Jonathan Lilly, of Castle Creek, Broome county, N. Y.— Improvement im
Water Elttators, — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^This lever, whose upper end is shod
with a pawl, engages, under the influence of the spring, with the ratchet te^h, but when
thrown out by the lateral pressure of the foot it disengages the pawl, and by still more forcible
pressure in the same direction rubs against the inside of the ratchet wheel and acts as a brake.

Claim. — The combination and arrangement of the lever L, spring S, brace b, pawl P,
ratchet wheel R, and windlass W, as and for the purposes set fortL

No. 40,570. — Albert Maoee, of Lawrence, Essex county, Mass. — Improvemtmt im PartaiU
Furnaces, — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^This consists of an upper cylindrical portion
with a smaller cylinder below, the latter setting down into the pot hole on a cooking stove;
the air is admitte<i#t an opening immediately above the stove plate, and is conducted down-
ward under the grating, and escapes by a flue under the said plate.

Claim. — The combination, in a portable furnace, of the induction cold air flue F, smoke
exit flue Ql and grate C, when constructed to be used as a utensil upon a cooking stove or
range, substantially as described.

No. 40,571.— Adolph Millochan, of New York, N. Y.—Tmprotemeut im Rotary Stemm
Engines. — Patent dated November 10, 1863.— This consists of induction and eduction pipes
ana cocks applied to a wheel which is attached to a shaft, having notches in its periphery
receiving pistons that remain in contact at their outer edges with the interior of a circnbur
case eccentric to the shaft, and at their inner ^ges with rings eccentric to the shaft, but con-
centric with the case, whereby an outer ancr inner crescent-shaped space are produeedf in
which the steam is admitted to act upon the inner and outer portions of the pistons, and pro-
duce rotation by the direct action in either direction, accoruing to the position of the said
valves or cocks, in the said eduction and induction pipes.

^ Claim. — The pipes t / n and o, and valves or cocks kk' m and m^ in combination with the
ring c and pistons acting in the steam spaces y and z, substantially as specified.

No. 40,572.— William Morgenstern and Edward Morwitz, of Philadelphia, Penn.—
Improvement in Breech-loadinff Fire-arms. — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — The breech-
block is slipped longitudinally into and out of position and has a projection on its forward
end that slips into the end of the bore; this projection has an orifice in front for the priming
cap and one below through which the exploding needle works. The guard lever is pivoted
on a hanger and at its forward end engages a vertical bolt which locks the breech-block in
position ; to this bolt is attached the hammer, and on pressing up the rear end of the le\&
the breech-locking bolt and the hammer are withdrawn, a dog catching in notches 1 and 2 in
the bolt ; the motion of the trigger releases the dog, the bolt flics up and locks the breech,
and the needle attached to the hammer explodes the cartridge.

Claim. — First, the breech-block C, constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as
herein described and represented.

Second, the combination of the bolt, and needle or hammer, with the mainspring, lever, dog,
and trigger, for the purpose of cocking and letting go said bolt and needle or hammer, sub-
stantially as described.

No. 40,573.— Francts Peabody, of Salem, Uaas.— Keyed Instrument of Music.— Patent
dated November 10, 1863. — A circular plate on a vertical lixis carries a plate which has dents
or pins in concentric circles which operate levers communicating with the key-board of a
musical instrument. The levers are arranged in two sets divei^ng to the right and left,
respectively ; the motion is communicated by suitable gearing to uie shaft of a fan regulator.
, Claim. — First, in keyed instruments the use of concentric series of dents I J, or their
eouivalents, mounted on renvovable plates G, and armnged relatively to a removable series
of levers C, so as to operate therewith, in the manner substantially as herein set forth.

Second, the division of the levers into two independent sets C C, operated on opposite or
nearly opposite parts of the plate G, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Third, the speed regulator composed of the hollow shatt L, changeable rinffs N N', and
adjusting rod P, arranged to operate in connexion with each other and with the automatic
works oi a keyed instrument, substantially as and for the porpoee herein set forth.



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COlOnSSIOKEB OF PATENTS. 771

No. 40,574.— H. Parker Boss, of Hastings, Oswego county, N. T. — Improvement in
PortahU Fencei.— Patent issued November 10, 1863; antedated October 24, 1863.— A dowell
pin enters the slots between the upper and second boards of the respective paneb ; the fence
IS supported hj stakes attached to the panels by staples.

Claim. — ^Proriding the panels with the staples B, and movable post C, in combination with
the dowel A, the whole constructed and arranged in the manner and for the purpose herein
set forth.

No. 40,575.— VOLNET E. Rusco, of Chicago, HI.— /mproveti Machine for Tanning,^
Patent dated November 10, 1863.— Thia is a cylindrical reservoir revolving by means of its
gear wheel and a worm wheel rotated hj hand. The cylinder is joumalied in a vat and
communicates with the same by holes in its periphery. Tne hides are prevented from rolling
hito a heap by means of radial pins projecting from the inside of the cylinder and sot
spirally around it

Clmutk, — The machine for taniung hides, constructed and operated in the manner set forth.

No. 40,576.— George Escol Sellers, of Hardin county, TW.-^DisinUgration of Vege-
table Svhitances for the Separation of Fibre, ^c— Patent dated November 10, 1863.- The
invention consists in removing the non-fibrous matter from the stalks, leaves, &c., under
treatment, some by a current of steam and some by coagulation, crushing, and washing,
leaving the fibre comparatively free.

Claim. — ^First, the disintegration of vegetable substances, in tho manner substantially as
described and for the purposes specified.

Second, the utilizing of the non-fibrous portions of vegetable substances when separated
from the fibrous portions, for the purposes specified.

No. 40,577.— Rebecca Sherwood, of Fort Edward, Washington county, N. Y.—
Improvement in Reducing Hemp, Flax, Sfc, to a Fibrous Condition, — Patent dated November
10,1863. — A solution is made as follows: water, 1,500 gallons; soda ash, 575 pounds; borax,
20 pounds; rosin, 8 pounds; and soda ash, 10 pounds; dissolved in a pail of water; this
amount for a ton of tne substance, which is to be reduced to a textile fibre, which is boiled
in it Other formuls are given, including saponaceous compounds, and those in which coal
oil is combined.

C^tm.— First, the use of the solutions combined as described, for the purpose of reducing
hemp, flax, grass, straw, and other fibrous substances to a textile fibre for the monutacture
of textile fabrics and pulp for paper, substantially as described.

Second, the use of coal oil, naphtha, benzine, or other liquid hydro-carbon, either alone or
combined with alkaline or soapy solutions, for the purpose of reducing hemp, flax, grass,
straw, and other fibrous substances to a textile fibre tor the manufacture of textile fabrics, or
for pulp for all kinds of paper, substantially as described.

No. 40,578. — ^Daniel C. Smith, of Adrian, Lenawee county, Michigan. — Improvement in
Trusses for Hernia. — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^The two parts of the spring are at-
tached by a hin^ and the pressure of the spring is adjusted by means of the set-screw and
nut and theprojections on the respective portions of the spring.

Claim. — first, the screw F ana nut G, operating in connexion with the projections D
andE.

Second, the joint B B, as above described, for the purposes set forth and described.

No. 40,579.— George Stevenson, of Zionsville, Boon county, Jnd.^Imjfroved Sugar
Evaporator leith Automatic Feeder. — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^A float inachamoer
connected with the pan admits the juice to the evaporator. The last or *' sugaring off'* pan
is disconnected at will from the direct action of the fire by means of the plate, damper, and
an interposed comer chamber and a side opening which cools that part ; a low place in tho
side of tne last pan receives the overflow of foam into a side chamber and conducts it back
to the pan.

Claim. — Fmi, regulating the flow of the juice to the evaporating pan B by means of the
float i, when so arranged as to rise and &W by the action oi the juice in the pan and by its
operation control the admission of juice thereto, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose herein described.

$econd, in combination with the division e of the evaporator B, set below the level of the
other part or parts as herein described, the combination and arrangement of the damper m,
plate i, flues / 1\ air chamber o, and side doors n, substantially as herein shown and describedi

Third, in combination with the pan B, or division thereof <;, the thin metal side chamber »,
constructed and arranged in connexion therewith, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose described.

No. 40,580.— John Strcher, of BufBilo, N. Y.—BUliard Cushion.— VAieni dated No-
vember 10, 1863. — ^This consists of a strip cut spirally and continuously from horn, and after
suitable treatment, inserted as a facing for, or in a slit in the cushion to give an elastic spring
to the latter.



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772 ANNUAL REPOBT OF THK

Claim, — ^The application and use of a strip of bom, in con&ezion with an India-mbber
pad, for the purpose of making an.improved billiard cushion, snbstontially as herein desmbed.

No. 40,581. — J. Terrell, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Moulds for Forming
Arti^eial TeeCA.— Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^The devices recited in the claim are
designed to make depressions in the bases of the teeth ; to &cilitate their withdrawal from
the moulds after the depressions are made, and to make longitudinal o|>enings in the teeth
communicating with said depressions. These salient points and commnnicatii^ slots render
them peculiarly fit for setting in yulcanite gum plates.

C/atm.— First, the stationary projections a, for forming recesses m the teeth, in combina-
tion Mrith the key E and movable strips D, for permitting the teeth to be withdiawn from the
said projections, in the manner described.

Second, the employment of the movable pins Q in tho manner and for the purpose
described.

No. 40,582.— James H. Van Sice, of Buffalo, Eriecounhr,N. Y.^Improwd Horse OdUr.
— Patent dated November 10, 1863. — This collar consists of a rigid stuffed rim, which gi^Gd
shape and firmness to the collar, a roll behind the rim which receives the draught of the
hame, and an elastic pad of leather between the roll and the horse^s shoulder.

Claim, — A horse collar having an elastic and flexible pad B, stufied rim A, and roll C,
constructed substantially as described.

No. 40, 583.— William F. Vernier, of Philadelphia, ^e^^Improvement in Deviu for
Locking Screw-nuts. — Patent dated November 10, ls63.^This consists of a plate which is
set down between the nuts with its edges in contact with the sides so as to prevent their
rotation. The plate is fastened by its two depending lugs which are engaged by a stationary
and a removable bolt

C^m.— The plate L L, with the lugs N N, and the rods G and M, conatnicted and applied
substantially as above described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,584. — George J. Ward well, of Coaticook, Stanstead county, province of Can-
ada. — Improvement in Stone^utting Machine. — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^This ma-
chine is intended for cutting trenches in stone quarries. The special object attained consists
in being able to cut the waU trenches by operating the cutters or drills on the outside of the
frame of the machine and the track on which it moves ; also, the convenience of changing
the cutters or drills, by allowing the outside standard to swing from its position, and being
so arranged as to allow the macnine to cut both ways and keep the machme more diligently
at work.

Claim. — The guide blocks T and U, packing blocks C, bolts a\ clamp rods or bolts fr', ar-
raniFod and combined as herein specified.

iiso, the corrugations on tho side of the cutters or drills S, and corresponding corniga-
tions on tbe inner surfaces of head ^de blocks T, packing block e', bolts a', clamp rods or
■ bolts b\ as arranged and combined for effecting the objects specified.

Also, the double-acting feed arm or plate q'j connecting rod U, vibrating lever r', combined
and arranged in the manner and for the purpose herein <fescribed.

Also, the standards B, arranged on the outside of frame A in the manner and for the ob-
jects specified.

No. 40,585.— Stephen S. Bartlett, of Providence, R. I., assignor to Himself and
Thomas H. Dodge. — Improvement in Harvesters. — Patent dated November 10, 1863. — ^The
object of this invention is to avoid friction in draught. This is accomplished by throwing
the direct strain upon the tongue socket pieces, giving the tilting friune and tongue a com-
mon axis of motion.

Claim. — ^The combination in a mowing machine of a tilting fr^me, to which the Soger
beam is attached, and a hinged tongue in such a manner as that the fr^me and tongue shall
both have a common axis of motion, while, in drawing the frame and cutting apparatus for-
ward, the draught thereof shall come directly upon me metal tongue socket pieces, or thdr
equivalent, and not upon the main axle, whereby much friction is avoided cmd the w^^*^*"^
rendered of more easy draught, substantially as described.

No. 40,586.— Martial Dimock, of Newark, N. J., assignor to Portbr Pitch, of
Brooklyn, N. Y,— Improved Machine for Twisting Wires for Marking Ta^«.— Patent dated
November 10, 1863.— The tag and the barb are placed on the loops of the wire, while the
two ends are fastened in a central rest. The two loops are then attached to the statianaly
and revolving centres, and the latter rotated, which twists the wire and secures the tag^ ana
barb at their respective ends.

C/aiiii.— First, the construction and use of the shaft a, having the aperture t and the
double tenon A, substantially as shown and described*

Second, the construction and use of the sliding shaft I, having the double tenon k i
BQtches in the shoulder o, substantially as shown and described.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 773

Third, the arrenffement and use of the shaft a, haying apertare t and doable tenon E, the
sliding shaft /, with its double tenon h, and notches in the shoulder o, in connexion and co-
operation with each other and with the shaft to, when used for twisting wires, substantially
as shown and described.

No. 40,587. — ^Horace Fisher, of Waterford, Saratoga county, N. Y., assignor to Him-
self and Fuller & Safely, of Cohoes, N. Y. —Improvement in Tool for Mant^acturinf
Knitting Burs.— Patent dated November 10, 1863. —The obiect is to hold the cyUnder fast
while the wings are placed in their proper position; the cylinder and its neck being embraced
between the collar and cup and the button, the wings are slipped into their slots upon the
Oylinder, and the nut being tightened, bnngs each to its true position without separate ad-
justment, and the solder is appued to complete the operation.

Claim, — ^The combination of a spindle £ and its button G, screw and nut N, with a fol-
lower K, and collar U', substantially as described and for the purpobo set forth.

No. 40,588.— John C. Rhodes, of East Bridgewater, Mass., assignor to B. Hobart &
Son, of same place. — Improvement in Machines for Nicking Screw Blanks, — Patent dated
November 10, 1863.— The screw blanks are brought to the feeder by hand or otherwise, and,
passing down its Inclined surface, are received in a recess and transferred by the carriage to
and under the saw, which cuts a nick across the head of each blank. During this movement
and operation the shank is held bv a spring, which, in the retractive movement, ceases to act.
The cam discharger removes the blank from the niche in the carriage, and the latter starts
for another blank.

Claim, — The improved machine or combination, constructed in manner and so as to oper-
ate substantially as above described, such machine not only having an inclined feeaing
trough M, a blank receiver or carriage F, a pressor N, a rotary saw or cutter E, a dischaiger
O, and saw adiustments, substantial^ as hereinbefore described, but being provided with a
spring K, applied to the blank receiver or carriage so as not only to retract the latter, but to
enable it to move in an opposite direction, under derangement of a screw blank, as set forth.

No. 40,589.— Jerome B. Secor, of Chicago, HI., assignor to Himself and W. H.
Butler, of same place. — Improvement in the Loop-Check of Sewing Machines, — Patent dated
November 10; 1863.— This is intended as a substitute for the p£i or brush used to tempo-
rarily detiun the loop, as in the Wheeler A Wilson machine; it consists of a hook attached
to the bobbin ring, with its point almost directly in line with the needless motion, and dis-
charging the loop backwards at the proper point for disengagement.

C/atm.— Having the lower face of the bobbin ring A, provided with a recess a and a loop-
check 6, projecting over a portion of such recess, the whole constructed, arranged, and oper-
ating U^ther suMtantially in the manner herein shown and described.

No. 40,590.— George C. Taft, of Worcester, Mass., assignor to Thomas ^ Dodge,
of Nashua, N. H. — Improvement in Wrenches.— P&tent dated November 10, 1863. — On the
end of the screw shank are several annular projections which traverse corresponding chan-
nels in the main shank, and relieve the ferule from strain.

Claim, — ^The combination of the parallel grooves dddj in the shank A, in the correspond-
ing projections e « «, on the rosette D, the same not being spiral, but running at right-angles
to the Une of motion of the jaw, thus relieving the ferrule irom all strain while retaining^ the
rosette in the same relative position as respects the handle of the wrench, substantially as
and for the purposes set forth.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 139 of 164)