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No. 40,591.— S. Llotd Wieoand, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Abraham Hart,
of same place. — Improvement in Gas-heating Apparatus. — Patent issued November 10, 1863 ;
antedated November 2, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in the arrangement of the burner in its
inverted funnel-shaped cap, and the passage under the convex end of the cylindrical boiler, which
latter is supported ujkiu the base by lugs on the annular plate which rests on rods rising from
the base, and by projections on the lower end of the boiler which rest on a flanged rim which
rises from the base. The lower half of the boiler is surrounded by a casing forming a chim-
ney.

Claim, — Fuaty the combination of the burner H and adjustable cap J, with the fonnel X,
when used in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Second, combining the external fender or chimney with the burner H, adjustable cap J,
and a funnel X, for the uses hereinbefore specified.

Third, the manner of attaching the boiler and fender to the base ring E, by means of the
lu^ T T T, and projections Z Z, ring O, and bolts D D D, when in combination with the
adjustable screw tunnel, constructed and used in the manner set forth.

No. 40,592.— Stephen M. Allen, of Wobum, Mtas,— Improved Floor C/oC^.— Patent
dated November 17, 1863. — Scraps of leather are steeped and washed in warm water with or
without alkalies, thereby removmg a portion of the tannin in the leather. They are than
ground and mixed proportionately with vegetable or animal matter, from which the geiatinoiLt
matter has not been extracted. Scraps are added to reduce it to the proper consistency. The
mass ifl then pressed between rollers and converted into sheets, ready for pamcmg or printing.



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774 ANNUAL REPORT OF THB

C/atm.— First, as a snbstitate for caoTos and doth used in themannfactnre of painted car-
pets or floor coverings, sheets made bj combining scrap leather with fibrous snbstances, in
the condition and manner hendnbefore set forth.

Second, the stuffing, paintin?, printing, or staining, in the manner and for the purpose
specified, of sheets miule bj combining scrap leather with fibrous substances, in theconditioa
set forth.

Third, as a new article of manufacture, floor covering, made substantiallj us herein de-
scribed, bj first forming a sheet of leather scraps and vegetable or animal fibre as described,
and bj then coating the same with paint, or its equivalent, for ornamenting the same, as sel
forth.

No. 40 593.— Stephen M. Allen, of Wobum, Middlesex county, ytMS.—Improved FahrU
for /fiso/es.— Patent dated November 17, 1863,— The inventor soaks leather seni^ in water or
any suitable solution to wash out a portion of the tannin, and adds a proper amount of fibrooa
materials' in their unrotted state, grinding the whole in a pulp mill. After well mixing tha
nmtenals he adds a proportionate quantity of raw untannea scrap hides, making a pulp of the
wbo.e, which, after being run off upon an apron attached to a board or paper mmrhinA^ u
formed into a sort of leather paper, suitable for the production of insoles.

Claim, — As a new article of manufacture and substitute for leather used in the manufacture
of insoles, the hereili described composition, the same consisting in combining untannod
leather scraps with tanned leather scraps, when the latter is prepared and mixed with vege-
table iibious matter, substantially in the manner herein set forth.

Also, as a new article of manufacture, an inner sole for boots and shoes, formed of the within
described composition, substantially in the manner herein set forth.

No. 40,594.— James S. and T. 15. Attbrburg, of Pittsburg, Alleghany county. Pa. —
Improvement in Lanterns. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^The invention consists in placing
a disk of polished metal permanently within a circular depression on the side of the "globe/^
so Ibat on one hand its surface is not exposed to the air to tarnish, and on the other baud the
glass of the globe protects it from the smoke of the burner.

Claim. — A metal plate reflector, in combination with a lantern globe, substantially in the
maimer and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,595.— H. F. and T. R. Bargar, of Border Plains, Webster county, Iowa. — bn-
protement in Com Planters. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^Thls invention consists in
a seed-dropping device, operated by the hand of the driver, and calculated to insure certainty
and evenness in the execution of the work.

Claim. — The arrangement and combination of the cylinder H, pawl J, lever M, provided
with the two valves p «, rock-shaft /, and lever K, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,596.— Alvy T., John B., and Solomon Barns, of Grosbeck, Hamilton county,
Ohio. — Improved Stave-making Machine. — Patent issued November 17, 1863 ;' antedated No-
vember II, 1 863. T-The invention consists in the couvouient arraogement and combination
of the different appliances for making staves. The circular saw, in connexion with a sliding-
frame for cross-cutting the ends of the stave timber ; the knife and rest for shaving the sides,
and the jointer and rest for preparing the edge of the stave.

Claim. — A stave-making machine, having three different parts or devices— one for cutting
the stave to the proper length ; the other for dressing the sides of staves in proper shape ; and
the third for dressing the edges of the same, all combined and arranged together on one bench,
and each part consisting substantially of the devices and parts set forth in this specification.

No. 40,597.— PfflLO D. Beckwith, of Dowagiac, Cass county, Mich.— /mjrroeriMeiil im
Grain Drills. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This invention consists in an arrangemeat
for securing an even discharge of erain by preserving the uniformity of the ^>ertaje ; and,
secondly, in the construction of the rollers or wheels with tubular guards and extension
hubs, which indent the ground for the reception of the seed.

Claim. — First, the arrangement of the flxed projections g g on the stationary plate or jaw

F, in combination with the screw bolts m, angular slots h A, and the movable plate or jaw

G, substantially as herein described and represented in the drawing, for the purpose set forth.
Second, the combination of the tubular guards, rollers, or wheels with extension hubs

and the axle, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,598.— William H. Bentley, of Westford, Otsego county, N. Y.—Improvemml
in Hay-loading Afac/itnw.— Patent dated November 17, 1863.— The object of the machiike is
to take up, elevate, and discharge hay from the windrow into a wagon, and the invention
consists in certsdn details of arrangement in the belt, rake-heads, and discharging board, and
rear support.

Claim. — The arrangement of the rake-heads G, grooved board A, and g^rooved roller D, with
the apron C, rake B, and discharging board U, all in the manner herein shown and described.

Also, the arrangement of the caster wheel J, spring K, and brace htndle I, withthftlrame
A, all in the manner herein shown and described.



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C0MMI8SI0NBB OP PATENTS. * 776

Ko. 40,599. — SiDKET Berry, of Grand Rapids, Michiffao. — Improvement in Fire-arehet,
or Pummces of EvaporaHttg Avparatus.—F^teat dat^d November 17, 1863.— The object ot
this invention is to economize neat bv preventing the radiation from the sides, ends, or bot-
tom of the furnace. This is accomplisbed bj lining tho fire- walls with stucco, and making
an air-chamber around the sides and back.

CUUm, — The walls D and C, with the air-chambet between them, the stucco lajer or filling
G, and the inverted brick arch F, terminating in walls B, the whole constructed and arrangea
substantially as set forth.

No. 40,600.— T. F. Bingham, of Gowanda, Cattaraugus county, N. Y. —Improvement in
Beehives, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This invention consists in an arrangement for
regulating the hive by means of a passage, covered by wire cloth extending from the
main chamber through the middle floor, and oetween and aronnd the honoy boxes.

Claim, — ^The partition plate D, provided with holes A, as shown, and an oblong opening i,
covered with wire cloth j, in connexion with the slot O in the box F, and the arrangement of
the two spare honey boxes £ £, for the purpose of controlling the ventilation of the Mve, as
set forth.

No. 40,601. — John Brett, of Geneva, Ashtabula county, Ohio. — Improvement in Har-
vesters, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This improvement consists of a seat, sliding
laterally upon a shafl with springs on each side to break the jar of the lateral concussion, se-
curing the ease of the driver, and obviating much of the danger of being thrown off.

Claim. — The frame A attached to the harvester, in combination with the plate B and springs
D D, all arranged to operate in the manner substantially as and for the purpose herein set
forth.

No. 40,602.— Frederick W. Brocksieper, of Bridgeport, Couxl— Improvement in Oas
Regulators, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This device is intended to rebate the issue
of gas, and consists of a regulating screw, which protrudes through the under side of the valve
chamber into an orifice in the inner chamber, which is suspended upon an elastic diaphragm ;
the said chamber connecting, bv a valve opening below, with the pipe from the meter ; the
turning of the screw forward or backward by decreasing or increasing the size of the orifice,
regulates the -light.

Claim, — ^The arrangement and application of the regulating screw A, or its equivalent, in
combination with the elastic diaphragm C and valve i), in the manner and for the purpose
substantially as herein set forth and described.

No. 40, 603.— Eliphalet C. Brooks, of San Francisco, C&\,—Improvement in Vehicle
Springs, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^The improvement consists in mounting the
body upon springs resting upon a t;urved bar, which, m turn, impinges upon shackles on
bars ironed togewer in the centre and spanning the distance froni axle to axle ; a spring K
fastened centrally to a curved bar whicn spans the width of the carriage is pivoted at its ends
on the springs I, and prevents the rolling motion.

Claim,— 'Ihe shackles or bars B, connected together and applied to the axles A A, as shown,
in combination with the curved bars EEL and the springs 1 1 and K, with or without tho
rubber c g c\ all arranged substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40, 604. — H. BUCKWALTER, of Kimberton, Chester county, "Psk,— Improved Cherry-
Stoner, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This invention consists in the arrangement of a
rotary disk with curved ribs, in combination with an adjustable hopper and a gprooved chan-
nel, in such a manner that, by the action of the curved ribs on the edges of the hopper and
channel, the stones are squeezed out and caused to escape sideways through said channel,
and the pulp is deposited in a suitable vessel or reservoir below.

Claim, — First, the rotary disk £, with curved ribs a, in combination with an adjustable
hopper £, and side channel G, constructed and operating as and for the purpose shown and
described.

Second, the arrangement of the shoulder or offset <f, groove e, and shoulder / in tho chan-
nel G, to operate in combination with the rotary ribbed disk £, substantially as and for the
purpose specified.

No. 40,605. — Jason Cadwell, of Dexter, Washtenaw county, Mich. — Improved Ma-
nure Distributor, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — It consists of a vessel witn a perfora-
ted bottom, a register to close the openings, and a handle to convey it by, and is intended te
sow plaster and other pulverulent manures.

Claim. — ^The vessel A, provided with a handle B and a perforated bottom a, and with or
without the register D, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40, 606. — ^William Chisholm, of Cleveland, Ohio. — Improvement in Machines for
Makinf A'a^.— Patent dated November 17, 1863.— The mandrel C, working between suita-
ble guidas on the bed plate, is actuated by a cam working in a slot ; as the cam rotates it
strikes the friction plate D, and, carrying it down, reduces the friction of the surfaces. The



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776 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THE

mandrel is propelled bj this motion, and nipping Uie bar between the two diet cab off v
piece, and, the ponch advancinp^ makes the hole and drives the disk into the boUowofu
mandrel, from whence it is discharged at B^ The retreating mandrel, operated bj caoiK
draws the female die with it a short distance, and the impact of the short cam n^aan a
not, which is discharged at R.

Claim. — First, the cams A and A' B and B, in combination with the mandrel C, soi^.
and operating as specified.

Second, the friction plate D, when arranged and nsed substantially as set forth.

Third, the male die £ and plate G, in combination with the sides F F' and plate /if 6
matrix, when arranged as and for the purpose specified.

Fourth, the recess F'^ in the side F, and the corresponding projection G' in the bead^-jk
G, for the purpose described.

Fifth, securing the male die in place by means of the jam block e and set screw ^ oc-
•tmcted and arranged as described.

Sixth, the herein-described device for steadying and adjusting the punch.

Seventh, the mandrel H, bar g', and rod H' for removing the formed nut from Uie pod
in the manner specified, bj the retreating action of the mandrel C.

No. 40, 607.— Thomas L. Church, of Syracuse, N. Y. ^Improvement in Tobact^-Com.
—Patent dated November 17, 1863. — The improvement consists in the method of sute^
the knife to the stock, which is accomplished oy means of a clamp with stops, which, boac
fiutened by temper screws to the stock, is caused by a cam under its rear edge to pies u
clamp firmly upon the blade.

C?aim.— First, the employment or use of the clamp C, substantially such as herejn sptt-
fied, for the purpose of securing the knife blade B to the stock A.

Second, the cam e, in combination with the clamp C, knife blade B, and stock A, ^ e»
structed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein speci£ti

Third, the stops g^ m combination with the clamp C, knife B, and stock A, ail anups
and operating as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40, 608.— J. H. CONNELL, of Lexington, Fayette county, Kj.—hm^navememt ii Ur
ZtfOM.— Patent dated November 17, 1863. — This balloon is constructed of a boat shape; W
a car of a similar form, and the two are connected by posts, so as to enable them to movt^
one body.

Claim. — The posts D D^ in combination with the balloon A, uid car £, constmcted &.
applied in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein shown and described.

No. 40, 609.— J. S. CORBIK, of Ann Arbor, Uich.—Improvement in Ga/«s.— Pfttent ^^
November 17, 1863. — ^This gate is made of a truss construction, or, as it is sometiBe
called, the lazy tongs principle, and is collapsed up against the post when open, and a-
panded when shut. Tlie operation being performed by ropes which run npon rollm or pt-
leys, and lift the upper edge of the truss so as to collapse it, the lower edee being bolt^ri^
to the post ; another rope, passing down under a roller and returning back over the roLcfi
affords the means of closing the gate again.

Claim, — ^The arrangement of the fix(Kl pulleys ghi and cord/, with the post B, slotted u
shown, gate A^ and bolt </, all constructed and operating as herein shown and described.

No. 40,610.— John R. Davis, of Bloomfield, Davis county, Iowa — Improvewutt is Cm
Planters. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — The cone pulleys are driven by one of tb
wheels of the machine, and work in combination with the other devices recited in the cLiis
for the purpose described.

Claim. — The employment or use of the cone pulleys C C and elastic band €2, in cod-
bination with the crank D^ pitman G, post H, and bar K, with their accessories for imparts:
a variable reciprocating motion to the slide M, arranged and operating substantially as ^^
forth.

No. 40,611. — S. W. Davis, k( Wilmington, "Del.— Improvement in Horseshoe Madtiw^-
Patent dated November 17, 186.\ — This is an improvement on the machine of Tbomaill
Taylor, patented April 3, 1860. The pivoted jaws carry the forming dies, of which tie
rounded rib has an additional bead on its edge ; these jaws are suspended from blocks, wliici
are relatively adjustable and are attached to a reciprocating cross-nead, which as it desoesds
pushes the points of the jaws into the throat formed in the bod of the machine and beodi
the heel enas of the shoe towards each other.

Claim, — First, in combination with the two arms K K of the jaws, and the redprocads^
cross-head I, the two blocks J and J^ when the same are rendered adjustable either tog"^
or independently of each other, substantially as and lor the purpose described.

Second, a supplementary rib q formed on the edge of the rounded rib q of the foraict
dies Q, as set forth for the purpose specified.

No. 40,612.— M. Decamp, of South Bend, St. Joseph county, lad.— Improvement in Wtte
Wheels. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — The bed-piece has a ring which projects npwards

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COMMISSIONEB OP PATENTS. 777

into the lower rim of the wheel, and a fdnnel-Bhaped ring projects downwardly from the
decking into the npper rim of the wheel.

Claim, — First, me ring E placed on the bed-piece rf, in which the shaft D is stepped and
fitted in the lower rim a of the wheel C, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the conical or funnel shaped ring F, fitted in the circular opening A, m the decking
or planking B, and within the upper rim c of the wheel, substantially as and for the purpose
set forth.

No. 40,613. — John B. Dougherty, of tlochester, Monroe county, N. Y. ^Improved Hoop
Machine, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^The splint is passed between the surfaces of a
grooved central roller and a semicircular system or rollers around the central, where it is
pressed and caused to assume a correct shape to fit the barrel.

Claim, — The method herein described of forming splints into hoops by passing them
between a series of rollers arranged and operating in the manner and for the purpose sub-
stantially as described.

No. 40,614.— John H. Elward, of Ottawa, La Salle county. Til,— Improvement in Har-
rows, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — This consists of elliptical bars secured to links
which form the frame of the harrow ; the harrow teeth pass through the elliptical bars, pro-
jecting considerably on one side and but a short distance on the other ; either side of the
harrow is to be used as the nature of the work requires.

Claim,^lxi combination with the convex or elliptical bars A the short inclined teeth r,
when constructed and operated substantially in the manner and for the purposes herein
described.

Also, in combination with the convex or elliptical bars A and short inclined teeth e, the
links B, substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.

Also, in combination with the elliptical hingea bars A, the harrow teeth G and the short
clod-breaking teeth «;, when the latter are the prolongation of the former, substantially in the
manner and for the purpose described.

No. 40,615.— John Fish, of New York, N. Y, —Improvement in Steam J?ii^jie».— Patent
dated November 17, 1863. — The cylinder has two pistons with rods working through its
respective ends ; the back one is connected by side rods to a cross-head and pitman to one
crank, and the other one is connected through an interval in said cross-head with another
crank on the same shaft.

Claim, — In a single cylinder engine having two pistons with their piston rods, each work-
ing through the opposite cylinder beads, the arrangement of the cross-head £, in connexion
with the piston rod of piston B, whereby the piston rod, cross-head, and connecting rod of
piston b can work through the space or aperture of cross-head E upon their own crank, by
which means two connecting rods of equal length can be obtained, each working upon an
opposite crank upon the same shaft, substantially as specified and in the manner herein set
forth.

No. 40,616. — Lancelot Hope EyERirr, of New Orleans, La. — Improvement in Acoustic
Telegraphs. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — This machine operates to convey and com-
municate intelligence by the generation and transmission of sounds of similar and dissimilar
intensities, which, separately and combined, are made to represent the diflfbrent letters of the
alphabet, the Arabic notation, and other valuations according to certain phonic formulse,
each one of which is expressed by one or more symbols engraved on marble for the use of
the deaf, dumb, and blind, and tinted of various colors for those who can see. The sensa-
tion is imparted to a distance or to an audience beyond the visual range by means of wires,
one to eacn person, the ends of which are held between the finger and thumb, or terminating
in a nipple are inserted into the acoustic trumpet of the external ear.

Claim, — ^Two phonographic locmanauds mounted by acouglottic batteries — names imply-
ing machines which generate intelligent sounds — which they communicate to the spiritual
sense of hearing through the nervous papillse of the index finger and thumb tips, and tnrough
the acoustic trumpet of the external ear, being the natural parts of the body which have
direct relationship therewith, so that persons who are deaf and dumb and blind, arising either
from physical defects or from length of distances, may hear and hold converse together by
means of these locmanauds and copper wires attached thereto.

Also, the method of evoking these intelligent sounds, as herein described, using for that
purpose the inci, the mallei, the phonic fossse, the tympani, and keys.

Also, the mode of intensifying and modifying sounds and chimes systematically by means
of a right diatonic staff and a left diatonic staff, or one single diatonic staff as herein described ;
using for that purpose bars of wire projecting from the staff, and placed at different distances
from one another and from the facial incus, and striking Uie facial malleus upon the facial
incus from the projecting points of these bars, and in this way evoking similar and dissimilar
sounds. '

Also, the method of assorting similar and dissimilar intensities of sounds, under symbolic
formulae, representing the various letters of the alphabet, Arabic notations, &c., and dividing



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778 ANNUAL BEPOST OP THE

tbem into certain divisionB, each dlTision of which represents a separate and distinct on^erof
sound as herein described ; nsing for that purpose geometric, arabic, and arithmetical figures ;
and also the mode of separating sounds by silent diatessaron, giving force and decided
character to a phonic letter or notation, or valuation.

Also, the method of commuQicatinff sermons to a deaf and dumb audience by means of a
radiating locmanaud as herein described ; usine for that purpose one cvlindrical incus, sop-
ported by its pedestal, its anterior face pressed by the facial malleus, which is attached to the
tympanum and key, and all supported oy the stapes, its posterior face capped by the instni-
ni^nt of radiating wires, and in tnis way evoking founds upon the facial incus, which directs
them simultaneouslv into all the radiating wires, centred in the copper cap, which corers
the posterior face of the incus.

No. 40,617.— Warren L. Fish, of Newark, N. J.—Improvd AUaehmaU to Lamw wi ^
Ga$kumers for Holding VesuU or Shades ottr the Ftoms.— Patent dated November 17,
18U3. — Explained by the claim.

CUim. — First, the combination of a support for sustaining vessels to be heated or other
articles with a standard rod and adjustable clamp in such a manner that it may be attached
to any convenient part of a lamp or burner, and when so attached shall hold the said vessel
or article in a position immediately over the flame, substantially as herein described.

Second, the combination with the support and suitable clamping device of an eztensioa
standard rod, adjustable substantially as nerein described.

No. 40,618.— Henry Gerner, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Furnaces for Stmm
Boilers. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — The object of the improvement is to graduate



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 140 of 164)