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Claim, — Yvni, a machine or apparatus for cooling lard, constructed substantially as heieiB
set forth.

Second, subjecting fluid hot lard which is finely divided to the action of finely divided
streams or currents of cold air under pressure, as it flows from the rendering tank or appar
ratus, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

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No. 40,645.— George Schott, of New York, N. Y,^Improved Spring Bed Bottom,^
Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^Hooked studs rise from the cross-bars mm pendant hooks
are attached to the slats, and these are connected by an elastic band whicn **giTe8** to
the weight of the bodv upon the mattress.

Ctotm.-— The cross-bars e e and hooked studs « e in combination with the pending hooks
fg on the slats// and the elastic cord or strap A, for the purpose and substantiaUj |is specified.

No. 40,646.— Henrt Speer and John L. Harlow, of Chelsea, Washtenaw countj,
: Mich. — improvement in Fruit Drjfers. — Patent dated November 17, 1863." — This house has a
roof and the lower part is boarded up; the upper part is occupied bj trays, which can be
slipped out so as to dry the fruit by exposure to the sun and air, their outer ends being sup-
ported by legs, but in unfavorable weather the shelves are pushed in and the pipe inserted
through the roof and series of trays to the stove in the lower part of the house.

Claim, — First, the trays or racks B when the same are provided with perforated bottoms
and with blinds d and legs c, and arranged in relation to each other and to the house A^ as
shown and described.

Second, the recesses e in the house A in combination with the perforated bottoms of the
trays and with the blinds d^ as and for the purpose specified.

Third, the pipe £, arranged in combination with the trays B and stove D, substantially in
the manner ana for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,647.— J. B. Stackpole, of Boston, Mass.— Dratoin^ and Camera Tofr/c— Patent
dated November 17, 1863. — ^This arrane^ment is designed to make the top of the table ad-
justable as to height and inclination. The adjustable table top is hins^d to a folding board,
which again is hinged to the stationary table top. A standard, whicn is raised by a crank,
barrel, and cord, impinges upon the under side of the folding board, and a similar lifting
arrangement raises other standards under the adjustable table top ; by moving either, or both,
the required acyustment is attained.

Claim, — ^The combination of the adjusting standards J 1 1, operated either by means of the
barrel and cord, or by ratchet and pinion, with the double folding boards D and C, substan-
tially as described and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,648.— B. F. Stilwell, of San Francisco, Cal.— ^</Mfft«ng Directory.— Patent
dated November 17, 1863. — Attached to each of the subdivisions of the show frame or busi-
ness directorv is a case containing small cards appertaining to the business of the individual
occupying that section, so that a party interested may withdraw a card and not be under
the necessity of making a memorandum.

Claim, — ^As an improvement to Advertishig or Business Directories. Attaching thereto or
connecting therewith the box for cards, bill heads, &c., substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,649.— Abr.aham Straub, of Milton, Northumberland county, Ta^^Impreved As-
phaltum Cement. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This is a cement for roofing or paving,
and consists of a mixture of asphaltum (coal tar) and shale, the latter pulveriz^ and added
to the former while boiling.

Claim, — ^The within described cement when composed of the ingredients united substaa-
tially in the proportions herein specified, for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,650.— A. Straub, of Milton, Pa., and Isaac Straub, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— /m-
oroved Artificial Variegated Marble, — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This artificial mar-
ble is intended io have a dark ground interspersed with light-colored substances. It consists
of sand, shale rock, mother-of-pearl, bones, &c,, imbedded in a cement of asphaltum, making
a fanciful conglomerate. The sand and cement may be in equal proportions, the nodul^,
dbc., as judgment or taste dictates.

Claim, — As a new article of manufacture the sea-shell or ornamental marble, composed of
the ingredients united substantially in the proportions herein set forth.

No. 40,651.— A. Straub, of Milton, Pa., and Isaac Straub, of Cincinnati, Ohio.— /i}»-
proved Aspkaltie Paving or Flag Stone, — Patent dated November 17, 18^. — This is a con-
glomerate formed of shale rock, sand, pebbles, and boulders in a cement of asphaltum or
coal tar ; the sand and cement in equivalent proportions, and the other matters in quantity
as required.

Claim, — ^The within-described ingredients when combined together substantially in the
pvoportions described, for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,652.— A. W. Strbeter, of Shelbume Falls, Franklin county, Mass.— /mjM-tvMi
Braes.— VaJtent dated November 17, 1863.— The shank of the bit stock is inserted into the
counter bore of the socket and maintained in it by a headed screw from the u^per end of the
socketed piece ; a knob is screwed on to the socket and the bit stock revolves in the latter.

Claim, — ^The combination of the knob C and socket D, with their screws a a, for the pur-
pose of uniting said knob and socket to each other, and to the bit stock A, in the manner and
for the purpose herein set forth.

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No. 40,653.— Samuel E. Tompkins, of Newark, N. J.— Improvement in Harness SadHa.—
Patent dated November 17, 1863.— The shank of the lein hook is prolonged and fastened bj
screws underneath the tree. •

Claim. — A harness saddle having its check- rein hook C secured to it by haring its fbuk
a prolonged and extending down around the front end of the saddle and backward andenMsck
the tree A, with two screws £ passing upward 'from underneath the shank a, and throozk
countersunk holes therein into the tree, and either with or without the not F, 0ab8tantial(f
as described.

No. 40,654.— J. Q. A. Tresize, of Zanesville, Muskiiunun county, Ohio.-
and Photographic Album. — Patent dated November 17, 18^3. — ^The stereoscope is laid in' a
recess in a thick leaf or in the cover ; the lenses are secured in the top piece which hisgei
and folds upon the back ; a partition is also hinged to the back and folds upon it, b^ng wA.
to the top piece when in an erect position bv an elastic cord. The pictures occop j ptooei
in the book and the stereoscope is conveniently enclosed within the same cover.

Claim. — First, the particular form of a folding stereoscope, as herein described.

Second, the opening or recess for the reception of the stereoscope, attached to the tSknm,
or enclosed within it, as herein described, or in any manner substantially the same» and Ik
the use herein set fcnrth.

No. 40,655.— J. M. Trowbridge, of United States army.— /mprooed Caatoen.— Paint
dated November 17, 1863. — ^A bottle enclosed in a cup which answers as a boiler.

Claim. — The cooking canteen, composed of a bottle A, and theenclosing boiler B C C D
E £^ or their equivalents ; the whole being so adapted and arranged as to combiBe the
functions of a canteen with those of a cup and boiler, within conven^nt and portable )aaii^
substantially as set forth.

No. 40,656.— Henry Waterman, of New York, N. Y,-~Jmfrovement in Stemm Engines.—
Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^The invention consists in combining with the en^in
internal heaters within the cylinder, at each end and around the sides when it is double-acte^
and at one end when it is single-acting ; the said heaters consist of thin metallic steam-tig^
vessels of sufficient strength to contain steam of greater temperature tban the steam used
in the engine. The object of this is to prevent the condensation of the steam admittad
to the cylinder by the comparative coolness of the cylinder itself, owing to its loss of hsit
by radiation.

Claim. — The method, substantially as herein described, of constructing the interiiv sur-
faces of the cylinders of steam engines, in whole or in part, of as thin metal as will retaio
the pressure of the steam used, as set forth and loi the purposes specified.

No. 40,657. — ^Louis Bollman, of Vienna, Austria. — Improvement in Setting Madnmes.—
Patent dated November 17, 1863. — In connexion with the sewing mechanism are two a^ast-
able plates and a gauge block so arranged that the material may be folded over the e^e of
one or the plates and between it and the block and so that the other plate will come agwi&t
the previously sewn seam to regulate the distance between the plaits. In connexion with
the bolder are a detachable plaitiuj^ straight-edge and a corder, so arranged as that either of
the latter can be used in connexion witn the former. In connexion with the presser-foot
are removable shoes which clasp the foot and are changed as required for the varying charac-
ter of the material operated upon.

Claim, — First, the employment, in connexion with a mechanism for sewing seams, of two
adjustable plates or straight-edges B and D and an adjustable block or stop F, when the
said plates or straight-edges B and D are so made and arranged as that while one serves to
have the plait formed over it and regulates the width of the plait, the other acts, in conjuno-
tion with the previously sewn seam, as a gauge to regulate the distance between the plaita^
substantially as herein before set forth.

Second, the employment, in connexion with a single supporting arm or holder A, of a
plaiting plate B, and a corder G, when these several parts are so constructed as that eitha
of the last-named two may be used in combination with the first-named, substantially as aad
for the purposes hereinbefore described.

Third, the employment, for the purpose hereinbefore explained, of removable or changea-
ble presser-foot shoes or bottom pieces H, which are so constructed and combined with dtt
presser-foot as that they may be clasped or sprung on to the latter, in the manner substan^
tiaJly as hereinbefore described.

No. 40,658.— Alzirus Brown and L. G. Eniffen, of Worcester, Mass., and Thomas
H. Dodge, of Nashua, N. H. b mp r e nem ent in fforoestars;— Patent dated November 17,
1863. — ^The improvement consists in devices for raising the finger bar bv means of the BAiag
i^iparatus in connexion with a cramping bar and link, which connect the shoe with liie psit
iron attached to the shaft ; the finger bar is attached to a shoe, winch is suspended si twe
points by a hanger iron fiom the main frame. Jointed at the rear hinge of the shoe is a bar
which connects by naeaos <^ a h&k with the pole iron i fastened to the edge of the msB

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frame is a notched bar, which as the lifting lever !s depressed, traverses In a staple on its side,
and by being hooked into -one of the notches, retains the mainframe at an elevation desired,
being there retained by a spring and staple. Underneath the tongue is a draught iron, which is
chained to the main franSe which carries the cutter bar, and in driving tends somewhat to
raise it and diminish the friction of the bar upon the ground.

Claim, — First, ^the combination with the pole iron, shoe K, and main frame, of the cramp-
ing bar Q and link R, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the combination of shoe K and hanger iron J, with the lower end of the cramping
bar Q, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Third, the combination of bar P, having a series of catches b on one edge or face, and a
retaining hook or catch m on the other, with spring j and loop k. when said parts are con-
structed and arranged to operate in relation to each other substan^ally as and for the, purposes
set forth.

Fourth, the combination with the main frame A, and tongue O, of the draught iron T, and
chain 3, constructed and arranged in relation to each other substantially as shown and de-

No. 40,659.— Jim B. Fuller, of Claremont, Sullivan county, N. H., assignor to Him-
self and James P. Upham, of same place. — Improvement in Preparing Vegetable Fibre for
Paper, See — ^Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^This invention consists in curing the vege-
table material in a vessel by means of steam admitteil in jets around said vessel, so as to
heat the mass thoroughly and produce an agitation to mix the material. This operation is
performed under heat and pressure, and the uncured vegetable material is supplied near the
top of the vessel, from which the cured material passes away to the grinder. The pressure
is now r<^lieved, but the heat of the fibre is maintained, and the gummy and siiicious mat-
ters removed. The material is then carried away through a spiral channel, and cooled by the
passage of the uncured material, which traverses other spiral channels on both sides of the
heated material and in an opposite direction.

Claim. — First, curing vegetable fibre in a vessel by means of jets of steam introduced
into such vessel, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

Second, an open grinder, receiving the fibrous material directly from the curing vessel, as
specified, so that the grinding operation is independent of the curing operation ; but the
vopretable fibre is gi-ound while hot, as set forth.

Thiid, separating the fibre from the overflow water by pieans of the sieve o and brush p,
as set forth.

Fourth, heating the interior of the grinder n by the introduction of steam, for the purposes

Fifth, a column of water rising sufficiently above the grinder to produce the hydrostatic
pressure necessary for causing the fibrous materials to pass through tne grinder, as specified.

Sixth, the double volute or spiral channels for cooling the cured vegetable fibre and im-
parting the heat thereof to the uncured vegetable material travelling in the inter\'ening volute
channels in the opposite direction, as specified.

No. 40,660.— A. H. Knapp, of Newton Centre, Middlesex county, Mass., assignor to
Jesse A. Lock, S. G. Coombs, and David G. Friest.— Improvement in Rotary Pumps,—
Patent dated November 17, 1863. — ^The piston wheel rotates inside of a cylindrical aise, and
drives the abutment, which rotates in a recess in an enlargement of the case, by means of the
pistons, which mash into the concavities of the abutment. The intervening spaces on the
peripheries of the piston wheel and the abutment, between their pistons and the concavity,
i-espectively, are occupied by gearing, by which their respective revolutions are made uni-
form. The water is received from and ejected into side cases through ojpenings of even height
at the commencement and termination of the race traversed by the piston, and a drip open-
ing and cock is provided at the lower part of the case.

Claim, — The piston and revolving batment rotary pump ; the employment of gearing
cogs m m and n «, respectively, upon the intermediate portion of the peripheries of the piston
wheel and hutment, alternating in action, and in combination with the pistons and their con*
cavities, substantially as and for the jpurpose herein specified.

Also, the water-chambers G T in the end of the pump case, separate from and opposite to
the piston-chamber and hutment recess, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Also, the arrangement of the inlet and outlet apertures P Q, at nearly equal height and
near each other, in combination with the pistons and abutment, substantially as and for the
purposes herein specified.

Also, in combination with the piston and revolving hutment rotary pump herein described,
the drain aperture j, passage kj and cock K, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,661.— Herman Miller, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Charles T. Ray
NOLDS, Fred. W. Devoe, and Charles Pratt, of same place. — Improvement in Sheet-
MHai Caiu.— Patent dated November 17, 1864.— Explained by the claim.

Claim, — Making the seams or joints of sheet-metal vessels by turning in the marginal
j^rtions singly, at proper angles, and soldering the faces of the said poitions together, to
form a double inwvdly projecting rib. substantially as herein described.

H. Ex. Doc. 60 50

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Xo. 40,662.— John Jacob Miller, of Cliicago, HI., assignor to Himself and ERXjrr Prus-
SIXG. — improved Apparatus for Comdensing^ Evaporating^ and Cooling, — ^Patent dated No-
vember 17, 1863. — ^The pans have comigat^ bottoms ; are inclined and arranged in a veitifd
series , so as to discharge from one to another from the top. They are arranged in a close chaa-
ber, and the upper end of each is supported by a pin, and the other end ujion the pan bt]<?w.

Claim. — An apparatus for either or all the purposes named, consisting of a series of coirs-
gated or grooved pans or plates with inclined bottoms, constructed and supported as descrftiei
and aiTaogod one above another within a close chamber, in the manner set forth.

No. 40,663.— David L. Stiles, of Rochester, N. Y., assignor to M. Huntixgdox. agtH
of same place. — Improvement in Stores. — Patent dated November 17, 1663. — Two flue-plato*
on the inner side ot the cylinder divide off segmental flue spaces, one of which is a uy1^^
ca>t flue from the upper part of the fire-chamber, and communicates with the bottom fbc
fium whence the heated air rises through the other segmental flue. A damper in front ad-
mits air through holes in its upper portion, and through a pipe to the fire; the said pipe a
cast with its flue-plate, tvhich is also bent at its upper portion and perforated.

Claim, — The combination and arrangement of opposite flues e ^Mn a cylindrical body R
?o as to form an oblong fire-chamber D within, and separated by curved flue-plates C C
, therefrom, one flue e descending from the upper part of said fire-cliaraber to a floe space t m
the bottom of the stove, and the other flue e* ascending from said flue space to the smoke-
pipe, substantially as and for the purposes herein speciBed.

Also, the construction of the curvea flue-plate C, with a bent perforated top d and draugk
pipe A, all cast in one piece, in combination with the cylinder B, for the puri»o»o» set forth.

Also, in combination with the induction pipe A, the register G, having the air holes / / onlr
in the upper half and in the outer edge of the circle, and its closed part m situated oppoaite
the said induction pipe, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 40,664.— John Thompson, of Rochester, N. Y., assignor to Himself and Martis
Reed, of the same place. — Improced Hoop Machine. — Patent dated November 17, ijSivi.—
The timber is fed to tlio machine in planks ot the required thickness and length, and is placed
between the rest and a spring on a slidinc carriage and driven up to a knife, whoso irregubr
edge cuts one-third of the length of the hoop at a stroke, being fed by means of the revola-
tiou of the ratchet wheel and the pawl attached to the rest.

Claim, — First, the combination of the irregular 6hai)ed knife D with the automaticallT-
adjusting rest C and adjustable gauge &, us and for the purpose set forth.

i^ecoud, the employment of the knife D, constructed with one or more offsets in its cuttiiig
edge, as described and for the purpose set Ibrth.

Third, the combination of the wheel E, the spring pawl <f, and catch /, or their equivalents,
with the rest C, as and for the pui-posc set forth.

No. 40,665.— E. 8. Wright, of New York, N. Y., and E. Allen, of Newark, N. J.,
assignors to Edward 8. Wrujht and L. M. IIlLLS.—Gttn Stock Machine, — Patent daied
November 17, 1863. — This machine is intended for profiling or dressing both sides of the
stock in the region of the lock, and consists in the applic4ition of a revolving cutter upon
each side of the stock, being iullucnced in their vertical adjustment by the former upon the
table of the machine.

Claim. — Holding gun stocks to be dressed in a imiversal joint, or its equivalent, whereby
movements may be given to the stock, while being dressed, from the centre of motion of tli
said joint, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,666.— E. S. Wright, of New York, N. Y., and E. Allen, of Newark, N. J.,
assignors to Edward S. Wright and L. M. Hills.— Gua Stork Machine. — Patent dated
November 17, 1863.— Explained by the claim.

Claim, — Two vertical cutters working upon opposite sides of the stock in combinatkn
with a table and former, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,667.— E. S. Wright, of New York, N. Y , and E. Allen, of Newark, N. J.,
assignors to Edward S. Wright and L. M. Hills.— G«« Stock Machine, — Patent dated
November 17, IS'63, — This machine is intended to do the "squaring down" or letting iuoi
the breech tang The gun stock is clamped upon the turn-table* which is itself snppcnted
upon the bed plate. A tapering cutter is fixed in the end of a revolving spindle and it
applied to the stock by a lever, and limited in its operations by a former or pattern, the stock
being properly presented by the revolution of the turn-table.

Claim. — First, a tura-table C, combiuod with a cutter and former in the manner and for
the puii^ose substantially as heroin set forth.

Second, a conically- formed cutter, when the axis of the said cutter is set at an an^le witk
the cut to he made, substantially in the manner described and for the purposes specltied.

No. 40,668 — Lolisa E. Anderson, of St. Louis, Mo. — Improved Rheumatic LinimenL"
Patent dated November 17, 1863. — One dozen eggs, one dozen garden peppers, one pint
mustard, one roll brimstone, one-quarter ounce gum camphor, enclosed in a suitable vessel,
are roasted before a slow fire until dissolved ; while cooling, one-half pint spines ^irpentinc
and one-quarter ounce laudanum are stirred in until the whole are completely mixed.

Claim. — The medicine or liniment compounded of the materials and in the manner sub
f taatially as set forth above.

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No. 40,669.— Ben JABfiN K. Liohtfoot, of Philadelpliia, Vtk,^Tmprovement in Treating
Tanned Leather. — Patent dated November 17, 1863. — This application is to be used in the
place of dubbing, and consists of u combination of tivUow and a hydix)-carboii oil containing

Claim. — The treatment of tanned leather by the application to the same, substantially in
the manner described, ot petroleum or any oily hydro-carbons holding paraffine in solution,
in combination with tallow or its equivalent.

No. 40,670. — Cyrus Bates, of Hardin, Clayton county, Iowa. — Improvement in Grain
Separators. — Patent dated November 24, 1863.— The object of this improvement is to make
a finer and more perfect separation than is usually accomplished, such as fine from inferior '
wheat, &c., and this is secui*ed by using a sliding or adjustable screen, having a board at-
tached and placed under the usual screens, and in connexion with it using a still lower screen
provided with a trap and spout.

Claim. — The adjustable screen D with the board or plate E attached and placed in the
shoe C, in combination with the screen F, provided with the trap-door G, all arranged to
operate substantially as and for the purpose iierein set forth.

No. 40,671. — ^JoHN S. Brooks, of Rochester, N. Y. — Improvement in Elevator Buckets, —
Patent dated November 24, 1833. — In this improved bucket the ends are made of cast-iron,
with a flange, against which the sheet metal is fitted, the ends being fastened together by a
rod running longitudinally through the bucket and fastened by a nut and- screw.

C/atm.— O'he combination of ca8t metal ends or heads with sheet metal front and back, in
elevator buckets, as and f^r the purposes shown and described.

No. 40,672. — James Brown, of Oldgate, London, England. — Improved Mode of Protect-
ing Ships^ Bottoms. ^-FaUiUt dated November 24, 1663. — The invention consists in covering
the sides and bottoms of ships exposed to water with enamelled or glazed plates attached by
any adequate means.

C/aim.— The covering of the bottoms and sides of ships or other partially or entirely sub-
merged surfaces with glazed or enamelled plates of iron, and applied in the manner and for

Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 142 of 164)