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of ffutta-percha and shreds of leather, to which a portion of India-rubber maj be added if
desired.

Claim, — The improyement in the manufacture of machine belting or banding, which con-
sists in forming belts or bands of gutta-percha and picked or ground leather, substantiallj
as described.

Also, in combination with the above the admixture of India-rubber in such new belts or
bands, as set forth.

No. 40,700.— Thomas J. Mayall, of Roxbury, Norfolk countj, Mass.— /mprovemeiil in
fulling Mills, — Patent dated November 24, 1863. — ^The cloth is passed between cormgated
rollers, which rub and full it, and between plain elastic rollers, which squeeze out the liquid.

Claim. — ^In a fulling mill the combination of a trough for containing the proper liquid,
two or more elastic longitudinally fluted or corrugated rollers, and two or more elastic rolkn
with plain surfaces, the whole operating together upon the cloth as described.

No. 40,701.-^AME8 H. Meuck, of Albany, N. Y:— Improvement in Self-tightening Bauds
for Hay Forks, — Patent dated November 24, 1863. — A slotted lapping open band is plao^
around the head in which the tines are set, and so arranged that in driving the tine each
side of the latter binds against the end of one slot and draws the band more tightly aroimd
the head. The same effect is produced by the deflection of the tine as it springs under its
load.

Claim, — First, so applying a band a to a rake-head, fork-head, or other like article, that
the strain upon the tines of the fork in the act of use shall Dghten the band thereon in pro-

Sortion to the strain applied upon the lines, substantially in the manner and for the purpose
escribed.

Second, the slotted band a so constructed and applied to a wooden or other head that tbe
tine will act as a key to tighten the band upon the head, and thereby tighten the tine in the
same proportion, substantially as set forth.

Third, sustaining the strains upon wooden heads or stocks of agricultural implements bj
means substantially as described.

No. 40,702. — John D. Mets, of Dubuque, Iowa. — Imjfftovementin Photographic Albwfu."
Patent dated November 24, 1863. — ^The leaves are stitched together in pairs, and the coo-
nocting strips are flexible and have a filling and a central filling strip.

Claim, — First, uniting the card-receiving leaves together in pairs by means of flexible
strips of cloth or other suitable material, enclosing a filling, substantially as described.

Second, so disposing the filling strips e ef witnin the flexible connecting strips b b that t
space will be formed ror the reception of the bend of the filling strip / when the leaves are
stitched together, substantially as described.

Third, constructing a photograph album of a series of pairs of leaves stitched together,
substantially as described.

No. 40,703.— Oscar F. Morrill, of Chelsea, Suffolk county, MaaB.—Improvanent is
Vapor-Burning Cooking Stove, — Patent dated November 24, 1863. — ^The invention consists
of the insulator ckmp, projection, and stirrup, by which the conduit is properly supported
and adjusted ; a clearer for removing deposits from the valve-passages and a lateral opening
for the removal of deposit from the jet-tube. The subject-matter of the fourth claun is
a device for steadying the conduit at the point where it is i*ecurved downwards.

Claim. — ^The insulator clamp as constructed or provided with the projection y and with
the hanger or stirrup z, they being for the purpose as specified.

Also, the combination of the clearer A, as above described, with the conduit valve and its
seat passage.

Also, the improved burner as made or provided with the lateral clearing port g and with
a cap or cover / theretbr, the same being arranged with respect to the jet-tube of the coo*
duit substantially in manner and for the purpose as described.

Also, the combination of the steadying foiK or notched projection u and the tenon 9, and
its mortise /», with the conduit and the supporting stand.

No 40,704. — Freeman Morse, of Hastings, Oswego county, N. Y. — fmprovement is
JVattr /rAc«/s.— Patent dated October 24, 1863.— This wTieel has spiral buckets upon it te
whole extent of its penstock, the water striking the periphery of the wheel at the lower
edge and passing upwards issues at the top.

'Jlaim, — A water wheel having buckets formed upon it in the manner described, and
extending from the top to tbe bottom of the penstock, in which it is fitted to run, in combina-
tion with the penstock when the floor of the same is level with the bottom of the inlet and
water-way, so that the water shall strike the buckets of the whoel and expend a portion d
its force belbre commencing to rise in the penstock, as and for the purpose specifieo.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 793

No. 40,705.— Wm. Newlin, of Ash Ridge, Brown county, Ohio.— Improtement in Straw
Cutters, — Patent dated November 24, 1863. — ^The uprights of the knife-frame ran in grooves
in the standards, bein? raised by the spiral sprines located in the standards, and drawn down
by means of the attachment by the bent rod to the vibrating foot-lever.

Claim, — First, connecting the knife-gate S to the treadle E' by means of a bar or rod ^,
which at its upper end is swivelled in the sill of the knife-gate, and at its lower end is bent
in the manner and for the purpose specified.

Second, the knife-gate or sash 8 adapted to move up and down in slots in the hollow
standards C C, in combination with the enclosed i^iral springs//, swivelled bent rod ^,
and lever £, when arranged to operate in the manner and for the purpose specified.

No. 40,706.— Robert Pallett. of New York, N. Y.— Improved Pontoon Boat.— Patent
dated November 24. 1863. — ^The object is to make the boat readily convertible to its normal
nse or to be transported. The fore wheels and axle are attached by ring bolts to swinging
bolsters, whose standards are pivoted to the sides of the boat ; the hind wheels are axl^ to
blocks which slide in grooves on the side of the boat. The position of the swinging bolster
is secured by swivel chains.

Claim, — First, the combination with a pontoon boat of the construction described, of the
swinging bolster L L', and swivelled chains J L, constructed, arranged, and operating in
the manner and for the purpose specified.

Second, in a pontoon boat constructed substantially as specified, the combination of the
blocks c e with the dovetail taperiug sockets, to permit the ready insertion and removal of the
wheels E E.

Third, a convertible pontoon boat constracted and arranged as herein represented and
described, with removable wheels applied as specified to permit its ready adaptation for use
as a boat, or for transportation for use as a boat, or for transportation on land upon its own
wheels.

No. 40, 707.-^ AMES Perry, of Brooklyn, N. Y— Improvement in Making Bread, —
Patent dated November 24, 1863. — ^This consists of a union of the fermenting and aerated
processes ; the sponge is allowed to ferment sufficiently to change the normal condition of
the starch, but not to produce aldehyde or acetic acid or to transform the gluten ; it is then
subjected to the aerative p^^ocess to ^ive it the requisite spongy consistency.

Claim, — In the manutacture of larinaceous food the comoination of the fermentivo and
aerative processes, substantially as described and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 40,708.— J. H. Plakk, of Pulaski, Davis county, Iowa. — Improvement in Pnmp$, —
Patent dated November 24, 1863. — ^The two levers are pivoted to posts on each side of the
pump stock ; the rod of the lower passing through the upper plunger. The levers are con-
nected by a pin and slot with which they aie provided respectively.

Claim, — ^The levers C and C of the first and second order respectively, fulcrumed to posts
D D, and connected together by a pin a and slot 6, in combination with the rods E E and
plungers B B', when aiTanged to ofMsrate in the manner and for the purpose described.

No. 40,709.— Squire Raymond, of Genoa, Cayuga county, N.Y.—/inpropemefie in Horse
Pitchforks, — Patent dated November 24, 18o3. — ^The fork is raised perpendicularly between
two points of attachment of the rope, the latter being rim through a swivel pulley attached
to the fork arms ; the latter are expanded so as to drop the load by straightening the toggle
lever, one member of which is connected to each arm ; this is effected by a secondary cord
attached to a lever extension, and running over pulleys on the latter and the fork arm.

Claim, — First, the swivel pulley C applied to the fork arms or firamea A A, substantially
as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the applying of the rope F to the extension/ of the lever E, through the medium
of the pulleys i j, arranged substantially in the manner as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,710. — Moses S. Salter, of Saltersville, Hudson county, N. J., assignor to Charles
H. Ladd, of Portsmouth, N. II. — Improvement in Furnaces for Making Malleable Iron, —
Patent dated Npvember 1^4, 1863. — ^The improvement has reference to the location of the
chambers in which the processes are carried on, relatively to each other, to the fire, and to
the chimney, having a bottom on a common leveL

Claim, — First, the combination of one or more redpdng furnaces with a welding furnace,
80 that the foie or hearth of either furnace shall be m the plane of or in continuity with the
sole or hearth of the others, substantially as herein set forth.

Second, the arrangement of one or more reducing furnaces at right angles, relatively to a
welding fornace, when the soles or hearths of the respective furnaces are all m the same
plane, substantially as herein set forth.

Third, in reducing and weldine furnaces located at an angle in respect to each other, and
having substantially one sole or hearth in common, the arrangement of a fire chambnr in the
weldiug furnace and of a chimney in the reducing furnace or furnaces, so that the flame or
heated gases shall pass from end to end throughout the whole extent of the fornacesi substan-
tially OS herein set forth.



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794 ANNUAJi BEPOBT OP THE

Fourth, tho combination of a weldine and one or more reducing fumaces located at an
angle in respect to each other, of a singte sole or hearth contracted laterally at the junction of
the reducing furnaces with the weldins' furnace.

Fifth, locating the working doors of the reducing furnace or furnaces in close vicinity of
and underneath the chimney, so that the air which may enter the furnace vhall be carried off
without coming in contact with the ore to be reduced, substantially as herein set forth.

Sixthf forming an interior corner lining of the welding furnace, by means of a cast-iron
bevel tube open at both ends and extending along the border of the hearth, substantially as
herein set forth.

No. 40,711.— Theodore Sharp, of LouisTille, Ky.— /in»roi?emf wf in Ciier Afi/Zi.— Patent
dated Norember 24, 1863. — This consists of a flanged toothed cylinder and a single concave
vibrating from flange to flange across the face of the cylinder.

Claim, — First, the single concave constructed and arranged in the manner described to
vibrate across the face of the main cylinder and between its flanges, as and for the purpose
set forth. . .

Second, the combination of a single concave constnicted substantially in the manner de-
scribed, with a flianged main cylinder and hopper arranged as and for the purposes set fortL

No. 40,712.— George L. Smith, of Brooklyn, N. Y^^ImvrotemeiU in Furnace Grates,—
Patent dated November 24, 1^63. — ^The upper edge or top or the ^ate-bearer is bevelled so
that the ashes or cinders which pass through the grate openings will not lodge on the bearer
and prevent the passage of air.

Claim, — The forming of grate-bearers, for steam boiler and other fumaces, with the bevelled
or contracted top or upper surface A, on which the grate bars rest, substantially acs and for
the purpose set forth in the specification.

No. 40,713.— Oeorge Snedecor, of New York, N. Y.-^Improted War Turrets,— Vaient
dated November 24, 1863. — The concentric rings of armor are dovetailed together or united
by dovetailing interposed key blocks.

Claim, — Uniting the two or more series of iron plates or slabs, of which a gun turret or
other portion of a vessel or fortification is composed by meems of dovetail tongnes and
grooves, when the faces of such tongues and the backs or bottoms of the grooves are pre-
sented inward and outward, or in a (Erection to receive the impact of projectiles, aubstantially
as herein described.

No. 40,714.— Henry St. John, of New Haven, Conn.— Bitfioii fejr.— Patent dated No-
vember 24, 1863. — ^The two legs of the key are sprung together and inserted through the eje
of the button and retained by the crook in one ot the legs.-

Claim. — A button kev, one leg of which is straight, the other curved, substantially as
described, so that both legs may be inserted into the eye of a button, in the manner and for
the purpose specified. t

No. 40,715. ^-Archibald Sturrock, of Doncaster, Yorkshire, England, — Improvemeat
in Locomotive Teii<f«r5.— Patent dated November 24, 1863 ; patented m England May 6,
1863. — The wheels of the tender are driven by an engine or the tender, which is run hj
steam from the locomotive boiler. The exhaust steam from the tender cylinders is condensed
in a chamber under the false bottom of the water tank.

Claim. — Fii-st, the employment of and fitting auxilia^ cylinders and engines on or to the
tender, and connecting tnem through ordinary connecting rods to the wheels of the tender,
said tender cylinders receiving steam from the ordinary boiler which supplies the en^ue
proper, substantially as described.

Second, forming the water tank in the tender with a false bottom, and leading the exhaust
steam from the tender cylinders into the chamber between the two bottoms, substantially as
set forth.

No. 40,716.— William Swift, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improvement in Invalid Bedsteads,—
Patent dated November 24, 1863. — ^The framft of the stretcher is supporte^at the ends by
cleats at the head and foot of tho bedstead, and upon this is a jointed franie capable of being
raided to suit the flexions of the body and limbs, and of being supported in such positions
with canvas adapted to the requirements of the bed-ridden.

Claim. — An invalid attachment for bedsteads, composed of the two parallel bars A A rest-
ing either in a fixed or movable manner on cross-rails B B, attached to the bedstead, and
having the folding bars a a a' a' e c attached to them, provided with canvas C D, all being
arranged substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,717.— Anson P. Thayer, of Syracuse, Onondaga county, N. Y.— Improvement in
Steam Ploughs, — Patent dated November 24, 1863.— The spades are spiral blades, following,
a cyliudrical shape, and are attached at their ends to disks. The gearing on tbe cylinder
frame is attached by stirrup couplings to tbe main gearing, so as to admit of the vertical
motion of the said frame. Tho wheels, by which the power is transmitted to the rotar/



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 795

cylinder, are arranpfed in three or more pairs so as to vary the speed of the dig^r nnder the
varying characters of soils. The tongue is stiffened between guides, to each end of which
the ^ding rope is attached, and from which it passes over the tiller wheel.

Claim, — Pirst, the spades, constructed and operating in the manner set forth.

Second, the conplings G G and 1 1, operating in combination with the wheels E E and
L L and shafts F F, the screws S S and slatted posts r r, for the purpose of raising and low^
ering the cylinder t and Npades ic in a vertical line, and admitting the gearings E £ and L L
to be in a working position at all points as described.

Third, the wheels Q, in combination with the shaft D and counter shafts P P, for the pur-
pose set forth.

Fourth the slotted frame A or gtudes, in combination with the grooved pulleys /and
tongpie gi for the purposes describeo.

No. 40,718.— AlvtZI H. Van Gibson, of Newark, N. J.—Tmprovement in the Manufacture
if Leather, — Patent dated November 24, 18ti'J. — The improvement consists in uniting the
grain surface of a finer leather to the body of another leather'', so as to secure the fineness of
surface with the necessary strength, as, for instance, unittng the finer surfaced c^lf hide
with a backing consisting of a split of coarser hide ; the two are .onited by a cement insolu-
ble in water.

Claim, — ^The combination by the means above described of a grain surface of fine leather
with a body of heavier texture, substantially as set forth.

No. 40,719.— G. W. White, of Monroeton, Bradford county, 'Pa,^Improvement in Water
Whrels, — Patent dated November 24, 186:i — ^The improvement is in the shape of the buckets,
which present a concave or V-shaped recess fpr the first impingement of the water, and then
receding, give it a prolonged surface to bear against in its downward motion, the lip tending
to prevent its lateral escape. The second claim explains itself.

Claim. — First, constructing the buckets rf of the wheel so as to have two inclined surfaces
1 2 to form a concave or V-shaped face, and having lips / at their outer edges, as and for
the purpose specitied.

Second, placing the wheel F in the lower part of a case B, which is inserted in the pan-
stock A, in connexion with the open top of the wheel, whereby the water is allowed to pass
directly from the penstock to the wheel, and the water, after acting upon the wheel, allowed,
in case of back-water, to pass over the top of tho wheel as set forth.

No. 40,720. — George R. Wilmott, of Meridcn, New Haven county. Conn. — Improve'
ment in Expanding Tampions for Fire-arms, — Patent dated November ii, 18G3. — This con-
sists of two disks, in one of which the thread of the bolt catches, and against the other of
which the shoulder of the bolt impinges, and between which disks is a rubber ring covered
with a 8oft fabric, and which is pressed against the inside of the bore, by Hie action of the
screw drawing the disks together.

Claim, — First, the employment in a tompion, in combination with an expanding packing
of vulcanized g^m, of an outer covering of leather, cloth, felt, velvet, plush, or otner sott
nnndhesive material, which contains no elements that can corrode metal and an interposed
flexible material, such as unvulcanizcd gum, which is impervious to the sulphur of the vul-
canized gum; substantially as herein described.

Second, the use in an expansible tompion of the casing or tube k in the described combi-
nation with the screw C, elastic ring d and plates A and B, for the purpose specified.

No. 40,721.— LORENZ Wolf, of St Louis, 'M.o,^Improtcment in Gang Pfon^Aa.— Patent
issued November 24, 1863; antedated November 11, 18d3. — ^Tho first named improvement is
in the box, in which the plough standards are clamped at their adjusted height ; it consists of
a plat^, whose turned-over edges enclose the lid through which a pin passes. The hind end
of the plough-beam has a hole forming a socket for the vortical standard over the caster
wheel, and on this the plough-beam is raised by a lever whose fulcrum is on the standard
and which is linked to the beam. A bent rod is attached by two posts to the beam and rides
upon the axle so as to raise the beam when tho axle is rotited laterally in turning the machine.

Claim. — First, the employment of the standard box fff e t, constructed and arranged
as herein described for the purposes set forth.

Second, the within-describea arrangement and combination of the levers r n with reference
to the beam C and stem or wheel standard / of the improved gang plough, substantially in
the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

Third, the use of the rocker iron k, formed, constructed, and arranged to operate substaq-
« tially in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 40,722.— William C. Baker, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Steam Genera-
tors, — Patent dated November 24, 1863. — The object of this improvement is to construct a
steam generator, consisting of a coil of pipe, or series of small tubes, which shall be free
from the usual objections to that form of boiler f and this is done bv making an immediate
connexion between the upper and cooler portion of the coil and the lower or hotter portion,
BO that the disastrous effect of forcing the water out of the lower portion is obviated.



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796 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Claim. — A steam generator, formed of a coil or series of connected pipes, substantially as
descnbed, in combination with the means shown, or its equivalent, for mducing the supplj of
water to the lower tubes from the upper portion of the coil, substantiallj as described, lor the
purposes set forth.

No. 40,723. — S. D. GiLSON, of Syracuse, Onondaga county, N. Y., assignor to Himaetf
and Joseph Hall, of Rochester, N. Y.—Irnvrooement in Force Pumps, — Patent dated No-
vember 24, 186.3. — The cage m which the valves are placed is inserted at right angles to the
direction of the water bv means of a screw plug which forces it up to its position; the cage
is attached to the plug by means of a screw, and the valves work in vertical guides, toe
inner valve in the outer and the outer valve in the flanges of the cage, each valve having its
seat on the upper and lower flanges respectively of the cage.

Claim, — First, the arrangement of the two valves E F in a cage G, so that the water is
both taken into the pump and discharged therefrom through the said cage, substantially ai
and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the arrangement of the cage G in a casing B, which is inserted into and removed
from its place in a direction at right angles to the axis of the cage and to the movements of
the valves, substantially as herein described.

Third, in combination with the arrangement of the two valves and valve seats in the ca^pe,
the fitting of the valves one within the other in such manner that each constitutes a guide
for the other within the cage, substantially as herein specified.

Fourth, the attachment of the valve casing to the cap C by a screw bolt D, or its equiTa-
lent, to allow the said casing to be withdrawn from the cap, substantially as herein set forth.

No. 40,724.— Thomas George Harold, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to Himself and
John W. Kissam, of same place. — Improvement in Locks, — Patent dated November 24, 1>^—
This consists of a lock case in two parts fitted to screw or lock together and prevented from
turning by the bolt or hasp ; it has stationary and turning bloclu containing divided stop

Eins, wherebv the position of the pins can be changed to efiect a permutation of the lock
y opening the case when unlocked. A curved hook bolt is proviaed, which extends from
the turning block to the curved interior of the lock case, so that the hook bolt is sustained
b^ the case, and the strain from the hasp or bolt on the hook is not taken on the divided stop
pms.

Claim, — ^First, a lock case of two parts, fitted to screw or lock together and prevented
from turning by the bolt or shackle, as specified, in combination witn the stationary and
turning blocks and divided stop pins, wherelry^ opportunity is afforded for changing the posi-
tion or the said stop pins and adapting them for a different key, as set forth.

Second, the hook-shaped bolt extending from the turning block and contiguous to and
supported by the curved interior of the luck case, in combination with the divided stop pins,
and with the hasp or bolt is taken by the lock caae instead of the divided pins, as specibei

No. 40,725.— H. A. King and Jacob Loughmaster, of Seal, Wyandott county, Ohio,
assignors to H. A. King, N. H. Kino, and A. A. King, of same place.— /i?t/>roi«iit«U w
Beehives, — Patent dated November 24, 180.3. — ^The devices have reference to the structure
of the hive, the supported honey-board forming a horizontal perforated partition, the attadi-
ment of the slide, the overhanging cap, and the pivoted shutter.

Claim. — First, the fitting of the honey-board E on rebates 1 1 within the hive in the man-
ner and for the purpose specified.

Second, the cross-bar « at the upper end of the slide/, provided with the bevelled notdics



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 144 of 164)