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as described.

No. 40,774.— Hamilton E. Smith, of Pittsburg, Vs.—Improved Washing Jlfae^tiie.~FUent

dated December 1, 1863. — ^The clothes are placed in an internal rectangular cage of slats
contained within a perforated cylinder whicn is rotated on bearings.

Claim. — The penorated cylinder D, or its equivalent, with its internal cage, the whole
being constructed and arranged to revolve in a reservoir, substantially as described.

No. 40,775. — Renrt Soggs, of Columbus, Warren coon^, Pa. — Improvement it
Device for Operating Chums. — Patent dated December 1, 1863.— The chum is suspended in
a frame from standards, on which latter are segments which engage pinions on the chum
frame and communicate a vertical reciprocating motion to the dasher, t£e cover sliding back
and forth under the lateral pressure oi the dasher rod.

Claim. — ^Placing and operating the chum H, in the swinging frame B, (including flie
necessary operating mechanism,) in combination with the sliding vent cover P P', so that
the vent <M>ver will slide back and forth on the top of the chum, and allow the dash rod a
free perpendicular play, substantially as described.

No. 40,776. - ISAAC and Stephen Stout, of Tremont, Tazewell county, m.-^Irnvrnf
tnen( in Cultivators. — Patent dated December 1, 1863. — ^This is an improvement on Stout's

Satent of April 16, 1861, and consists in devices for supporting the cultivator, varying ths
epth of its work, securing the teeth in their position in the fVame, holding them out of tha
ground when turning, changing the line of draught, and enabling the driver to change Bis
attitude upon the frame from a standing to a sittii^ posture.

Claim. — First, the combination and arrangement of a front and rear firame in a cultivator,
when constmcted in the manner and for the purpose described.

Second, the combination and arrangement m the rear frame of the cultivator of a dri^i
seat made adjustable and a standing support for the driver, a lever catch bar, studs for the
supporting wheels, and a projecting connexion /, all operating substantially in the mamiflr
and for the purpose described.

Third, the combination and arrangement in the main or front frame of the cultivator of
the hinged lever, the central support tor the middle plough handles and their braces, a levtf-
catch to regulate the depth ot ploughing, and an adjusting device to change the lina of
draught, all operating suDBtantiolly in the manner and for the puiposes set forth.

No. 40,777.— A. C. Teel, of Girard, Maco^ipin county, IW.^Improvement in Fern
CMes. — Patent dated December 1, 1863. — ^This panel of fence is to hang upon strips attached
to the neighboring panels, that it may be pushed in half the length oi a panel and than
swun^ one-quarter round so as to make an opening the length of a panel.

Claim.— The suspending of the gate A on strips d d\ attached to posts C D C P', at tba
ends B B of the fence, substantially as shown, to admit of the sliding of the gate and the
turning of the same for the purpose of openii^ uid closing it as herein set forth.

No. 40,778.— Thomas Thatcher, of Danville, Montour county, VfssoL—lmprwmaA
in Dirut-aaion Steam Engines.^Fs^tei^t dated December 1, 1863.— Is the piston Ofq^wchii

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COBfMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 805

t)ie end of its stroke tbe advancing^ plunger strikes the tappet and moves the valye so as to
dose the induction port at that end, ana allow the steam to escape into the opening in the
Talve, expanding in which it completes the stroke of the valve and admits the steam to the
other end of the cylinder.

Claim, — Firsts the two tappet levers J J\ applied and combined with each other with the
valve and plongers C C', sobstantially as herein specified.

Second, the rim or casing h A, around the exhaust port of the valve seat, in combination
with the two cavities gj in the valve, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No 40,779.— William Thurber, of 0!ean, Cattaraugus county, N. Y.—lmfroved Ma-
chine/or Fitting Pipes and other Boxes. — Patent dated December i, J 663. — ^This consists ot a
skeloton face plate or revolving chuck supported by self-adjusting friction rollers which run in
grooves in the periphery ot the rcvolvin^chuck, on the face of which carriage wheels are
clamped at three points on the felloes. The centre of the chuck is open at the rear for cent-
ring and boring. The face plate is attached to an adjustable frame, which ba^ an attached scale
and indicator to ^ve the retjuired taper to the mortice. A reversible cone is so adjusted on
the end of a shaft as to bear upon the centre hole or the edge of the hub for the purpose of
centring the wheel.

Claim. — First, the skeleton face plate, or open revolving chuck, supported in its place by
self-adjusting friction rollers on balanced arms, the rollers fitted to run in a groove in the
periphery of the chuok, to which carriage wheels are attached, for the purpose of fitting in
pipe or other boxes, constructed and operated in the manner herein specified.

Second, the adjustable frame, to which the face plate is attache^], in combination with
the lever arm, rule scale and indicator, to give the hole in the hub the exact taper of the pipe
box being fitted.

Third, the arrangement of the hinged beam Q, the sliding bar A, and cutter a, the regn*
lating stop k and weight m, with the reversible cone I, for centring the wheel, in the
manner as described, for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 40,780.— W. W. TUTTLE, of Gratiot, Lafayette county. Wis.— Improvement in Orain
Drills. — Patent dated December 1, 1863 — The grain is discharged from the seed box by
wings on the shaft, which revolve in contact with the orifices, and is scattered by inclined
plates and the shute, which is suspended beneath the frame.

Claim. — First, the wings a attached to the shaft F, and fitted in ellipsoidal reotsfles (, for
the purpose of dischar^ug the seed from the box E, as set forth.

Second. The scattermg device formed of the spouts A ij and the box H\ arranged as set forth.

No. 40,781.— George VandeR Heyden, of Tiw, N. Y.—lmprovementin Orates for Stoves
mnd Furnaces, — Patent dated December i, 1863. — The face sides of the grate bars are inclined
more on the central portions of the bars, so as to graduate the size of the air passages,
making them larger towards the outer edge or near the margin of the grate.

Claim. — First, a series of fire-grate bars B B B B, when the face sides of said series of bars
are constructed in respectivelv graduated tapering forms, and such a degree of taper form
of face being given respectively to the bars of the series as to produce, when the bars are
properly arranged for use, respectively graduated air-draught spaces between the bars of said
series, in the manner substantially as nerein described and shown, and for the purposee
specified.

Second, in combination with the series of fire-grate bars B B B B, as herein de-
scribed, the use of inclined auxiliarv fire-grate bars C C C C, so arrauffed in reference to the
bars B B B B as to be easily detached from said bars without disturbing the same when
necessary to renew a bar or bars, in the manner as herein shown and set forth.

Third, the manner of uniting two or more fire-grate bars by means of the hollow
or perforated bridges or ties ///cast upon the faces of the bars, in the manner and for the
purpose substantiallv as herein shown and described.

I'x>urth, the combination of the cross-bars D D, the auxiliary cross-bars E E, the
rods F F, the saddle rods G G G G, and the tie plates 1 1 1 1, when arranged and suspended
within the fire-bbx of a furnace by means of chains or hooks, or their equivalents, in the
Bnanuer as herein shown, and for the purpose set forth.

Fifth, in combination with the inchnea auxiliary fire-grate bars C C C C the perforated
bars k kkkj for the purposes as herein shown.

No. 40,782.— John Wallace and Daniel Carpenter, of Goshen, Orange county, N.
Y. — Improvement in Han Rakes. — Patent dated December 1, 1863.— This rake consists of a
head and double row of teeth which are brought into use alternately ; it dra^ behind the
carriage, being attached thereto by arms ; each tooth is maintained in position by the engajge-
ment of a spring bolt with the cam on its shaft, and the spring bolts are simultaneously with
drawn by a lever operating a bar to which the row of bolts are connected.

Claim. — The arrangement of the donble-shouIdere«l cams I and spring dogs in combina-
tion with th« teeth H and hinged arms F, constructed and operating in the manner and for
iJoe purpose substantially as specified.



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806 ANNUAL EEPOBT OP THE



No. 40,783.— Peter Wetch, of Oswego, N. Y.—Improted Stave^utting Madnm.-^
Patent dated December 1, 1863. — In this machine the stave is sawed from toe bolt whicK
trayerees on a curved track, which determines the bilge of the stave ; it is cut bj a diahed
circular saw, and the carriage is moved back and forth by an automatic movement, and
without reversing the motion of the driving shaft, but by alternately throwing the gear
wheel in connexion with one or the other of two racks under the carriage. The oolt is fed
transversely to the saw by means of the devices recited in the third claim.

Claim. — ^First, the combination of the lever D\ shaft P, wheels R and B, and racks T and
U, substantially in the maimer and for the purpose described.

Second, the combination of the double-racked arm j with the pawls k and f^ arranged and
operating substantially as specified.

Third, the combination and arrangement for conjoint operation of the pawls k and n, the
stop df and the spring catch c, substantially in tho manner and for the purpose described.

No. 40,781.— Peter Wetch, of Oswego, N. Y —Improved Machine for Jointing Staves. -
Patent dated December J, 1863. — In this machine the relative distances between the saws
and th<) position of the gauge are adjustable, so as to suit any width of stave, and the bilge
and bevel of each are pro]K)rtionate to its width. The stave is clamped to a reciprocating
carriage, and the saws have their bearings in carriages, which are pivoted on a common
centre, so as to make the saws, whether near or far apart, revolve in a plane longitudinally
vertical to the axis of the figure, to which the pointed edges of the stave are radial.

Claim, — The combination of the carriage Y, slide W, wheel S, shaft R, shaft N, and lever
M, with the jointing saws, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

Also, the combination of the gauge Y with the lever M, so that it is operated at the same
time and in the sama proportion as the saws, substantially in the manner and for the por-
pose set forth.

No. 40,785.— Marian J. Wellman and J. J. Qreenouoh, of New York, N. Y.— /«-
provement in Chimneys and Shades for Lamps and other Lights, — Patent dated December 1,
1863. — To protect the paper shade, the extension of the chimney is made of wire gauze or
perforated metal, with an inner shade of the same material.

Ctaim. — ^The employment of perforated metal or wire gauze for the chimneys, shields, or
screens aforesaid, by which the temperature is kept low, as and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,786. — Albion Whdeler, of Mallory, Clayton county, Iowa. — Improvement ia
Potato Diggers. — Patent dated December 1, 16i>i, — ^The potatoes are raised by the hooked
tines on the rotary digger, pass to the rear over the slatted conveyer and the apron, to
remove the dirt, and are discharged into a basket carried on the carriage attachoa in the
rear.

Claim. — The arrangement of the hinged adjustable platform F with caster wheel d, in
combination with the digging cylinder £, conveyer H, and slatted apron I, all constructed
and operating in the manner and for the purpose nerein shown and described.

No. 40,787. — Gallus Woeber, of Davenport, Scott county, Iowa. — Improvement t«
Carriage Springs. — Patent dated December 1, 1863. — One of the leaves has lugs, which,
with the pins connecting them, embrace the other leaves and prevent lateral displacement

Claim. — The lugs h projecting from the edges of the \eafd of a spring A, and operating in
combination with the pins g and leaves c 6, in the manner and for the purpose suDstantially
as specified.

No. 40,788.— H. G. Wood, of Buffalo, N. Y,— Improvement in Cooking Stoves.— F&t^X
dated December 1, 1863. — The fiio-pot is suspended in an air chamber, wmch connects with
the flue spaces surrounding the oven.

Claim, — The fire-pot D suspended or supported in an air chamber E which surrounds the
fire-pot on all sides except underneath it, in combination with an oven having flue spaces
G G' leading from the air chamber and surrounding the oven, arranged substantially in the
manner set forth.

No. 40,789.— Gf.oroe J. Bergen, of Galesburgh, Knox county. LI. — Improvement in
Com Planters, — Patent dated December 1, 1863. — ^This improvement has relation to that
class of planters which require a driver and a dropper, and consists of two frames coupled
together, one to carry each person ; and the special points of the invention refer to adjust-
ments for secunng effectiveness and precision, and for balancing the machine.

Claim, — First, the combination in a seed planter of a front frame carrying the seeding
mechanism and a dropman*s seat, and a rear frame carrying a coupling wmdiass and a
driver's seat with the slotted coupling, substantially as described for the purposes i;ct foith.

Second, balancing the front and rear frames of a seed planter by a wmdiass, substantially
in the manner and lor the purposes set forth.

Third, the windlass C to balance the front and rear frames, or control the depth of plant-
ing in a seeding machine, or to regulate the weight of the tongue upon the team, as set
forth.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS 807

Fonrtb, the combination of thd chain fastened to either frame, with the windlass, and
running spirally around it to yarr the leverage, substantially as described and set forth.

Fifth, the revolving seat for tne dropman combined with a seed planter, constructed and
operating as and for the purpose described.

Sixth, the combination of the dropman's seat with the driver's seat and with the windlass,
substantially as described and for the purposes set forth.

Seventh, the indicating spring with its ribs, constructed and operating substantially as
described.

Eig-bth, the slotted joint connecting the front and rear frame<«. when the draught of the rear
frame is effected alone by this coupling, and so as to allow a vortical movement of tho
front or rear frame, as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,790.— Loins Bornbmann, of Hudson City, N. J., assignor to August IIamann,
of Hoboken, N. J. — Swivel Hook for Watch Chains^ Spc, — Patent dated December 1, J 863. —
The construction of the parts is such that by the turning of the screw barrel the hook is
opened without the intervention of a hinge, the movable part of the hook sliding in and out.

Claim. — First, the semicircular shank d of the movable part C of the hook, in combination
with the screw barrel c and shank a of the stationary part A, constructed and operating in
tho manner and for the purpose substantially as shown and described.

Second, the stop e in the end of the semicircular shank d, in combination with a groove, or
its equivalent, in the stationary shank a, as set forth.

No. 40,791.— William Budd, of Philadelphia, Pa., assizor to LooMLs G. Marsilvll
and Andrew Cochran, of same place. — Improved Non-fustble Fuel, — Patent dated Decem-
ber 1, 18G3. — ^The invention consists in preparing the clay, molasses, and water, so as to
develop their ultimate glutinous properties preparatory to mixing in the coal and adding
thereto tho petroleum.

Claim. — The combination of the several materials as hereinbefore set forth, with or
without the proportions and manipulation, so as to make a non-fusible fuel ; also the u^e
of molasses in any other compouna for fuel.

No. 40,792.— Frederick W. Collins, of Morris, Otsego county, N. Y., assignor to
Himself and William H. Pratt. — ImprovemeiU in Training Hops, — Patent dated Decom%
ber 1, 1863. — ^A post is set to each hill of such a height as to support the vine to tho bearing
point, from whence cords, wire, &c., connect the summit of the post with each adjacent
post.

Claim. — An apparatus for training hops reduced by the combination of a pole in each
hill of the proper neight only to support tho hop to the bearing point With cords or twine,
or their equivalents, connecting each of these poles with the poles of each adjacent hill,
substantially as and tor the purposes set forth.

No. 40,793.— Jacob Farmwalt, of German township. Holmes county, Ohio, assignor to
Arthur Graham, of Clark's P. O., Co^jhocton county, Ohio. — Improvement in Horse
i?a^«».— Patent dated December 1, 1863. — The rake bar is attached by links to the axle, and
is raised vertically to discharge the hay by means of the compound levers which aro pivoted
together, and which are retained as required in their upward iorward position by ongu^ment
with the rack teeth.

Claim. — The jointed arms H H and brace guides J J, in combination with the shaft C.
provided with spring teeth and axletree F, when arranged in tho manner and for the purpose
set forth.

Also, the levers K and L, with their respective pivot joints and rack R, in combination
with the shaft C, jointed arms H H, when arranged in tho manner as and for the purpose
described. -

No. 40,794. — S.1MUEL D. GrOODALE, of Cincinnati, Ohio, assignor to L. C. and D. C.
GoODALE, of same place. — Stereoscopic Apparatus. — Patent dated December 1, 1863.— This
apparatus is specially adapted for tne uses of public exhibition of stereoscopic scenes, in-
cluding facilities for transportation. The lenses are in a hinged holder, whicn, when out of
use, is folded back and closed by a ^ap. The holder consists of tripod, central standard, and
braces, which are hmgcd and collapsible. Blinds are attached to catches which move in
segmental slots. The reflectors occupy the lower part of tho case, and are intended for niffht
illumination. The lips below hold the cover temporarily. The scenes are placed in holders
arranged radially on a rotating shaft.

Claim. — First, the stand or tnpod, formed of the members A B B B C C C C C C, as
and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the arrangement of hinged lens-holder G g and flap F /, together with their
catches II and I, both holder and flap being C4ipable of bemg closed or opened by a single
movement, in the manner described.

I'bird, the arrangement of blinds J J', catches K K^ and segmental slots L L', as set forth.

Fourthf the arrangement of reflectors M, box D, and scene holder S, substantially as set
forth.

Fifth, the provision of lips N N' beneath the box, for the purpose stated.



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808 AimUAL REPORT OP THB

No. 40,795.— Henry Hoffman, of New York, N. Y., assignor to Charles Wehle, of
tbe same place. — Improvement in Blinds for Windows^ Sfc. — ^Patent dated December I,
1863. — This consists of a series of corrugated overlapping plates forming a shade, which are
united by an extension lever pivoted to upright levers connected to the plates, and tbe whole
capable of being retracted upwards and collapsed so as to be stowed awa^ within the jamb
and coping of the window or doorway.

Claim, — ^The construction of blinds, shutters, awnings, or reflectors, consisting of a seriei
of plates P Pi P2 P3 P4, combined with the levers D D' E I' F K' G L' and H N, with
their several pivots and connecting levers intended to be attached to a door or window bj aa
arrangement for nusing or lowering the same, substantially as described.

No. 40,796.— Charles H. Parshall, of Detroit, Mich., assignor to Parshall and
Duncan. — Improvement in Balanced Valves for Steam Engines. — Patent dated December 1,
1863. — ^This invention consists of an induction and eduction steam valve, balanced both as
to the steam and atmospheric pressures on it, and which when used upon a horizontal or
inclined seat will also be balanced relatively to its own weight. The plate is supported over
the cover, leaving a central space between the top of the valve of the cover, which has coin-
munication with the atmosfiheje by means of a curved, open pipe.

Claim. — First, the plate S, interposed between the valve O V and the cover H of tbe valre
chest, and supported by standards L L' L" L'", substantially as herein shown and described.

Second, the combination of the balanced valve O V, plate J, cover H, and curved pipe Y,
all constructed, arranged, and operated as specified.

No. 40,797.— William Robinson, of Wembdon, Bridgewater, Somersetshire, England,
assignor to George B. Turf ell, of New York, N. Y. — Improved Cask WashingMarJunt,—
Patent dated December 1, 1863; patented in England December 20, 1859. — The barrel is
clamped in a frame which has a circular motion in an annular guide, which latter is supported
on bearings, on which it is made to revolve at right angles to the former motion. This
creates a compound motion as the axis of the cask is constantly assuming a different angle
to the horizon, and as constantly the frame in which it is clamped is rotating in a vertical
plane.

Claim. — An apparatus, substantially such as herein described, whereby a compoond
motion can be imparted to the cask, barrels, or other vessels simultaneously in two or mon
directions.

Also, the combination of the rotating frame B, serrated ring C, screw damp D, carriages
E, and occenirics £, constructed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substan-
tially as herein shown and described.

No. 40,798.— Charles H. Wheeler, of W^t Eoxbury, Norfolk county, Mass., and
James A. Bazin, of Canton, Norfolk county, Mass., assignors to Charles H. Wheeler
aforesaid — Stereoscope. — Patent dated December 1, 1863. — The eye-glasses are pivoted on a
head-piece which is hinged to the bed-plate, on which are two slides, one carrying the scene-
holder and the other a plate with orifices forming a field piece.

Claim. — First, the boa'd or bed-plate A, in combination with the hinged eye-glass C
and longitudinally sliding picture-holder B, constructed and operating in the manner and for
the purpose substantially us shown and described.

Second, the longitudinally sliding adjustable field pieco E, in combination with the bed-
plate A, hinged eye-glasses C, and adjustable picture-holder B, as and for the purposes set
forth.

Third, connecting the eye-glasses C to the head-piece D by means of a pivot/, substantially
as and for the purpose described.

Fourth, the spring catch «, in combination with the hinged head piece D, bed-plate A, and
eye-glass C, constructed and operating as and for the purpose set Ibrth.

Fitlb, the combination of the parts a b c ot the bed-plate with each other and with the
picture-holder B, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,799.— Walter K. Marvin, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Protecting the
Walls of Fire-proof Safes from Corrosion. — Patent dated December 1, 1863. — The ioints are
filled and the surfaces coated with silicate of soda, which may be vitrified by heat afler
application.

Claim. — The method herein described of protecting the parts of fire-proof safes from damp-
ness or corrosion by the employment and application as a coating of tne surfaces of the iron
in contact with the filling, and for hormotically sealing the joints of liquid quartz, substan-
tially as hereinbefore set forth.

No. 40,800.— Walter K. Marvin, of New York, N. Y— Improved Composition for
Filling Fire-proof Safes. — Patent dated December 1, 1863. — Explained by the claim.

Claim. — The herein-described compound for filling safes and other fire-proof stmctures,
the same consisting in the combination with calcined and powdered gypsum of alom in
pieces, imbedded in and interspersed through the mass of plaster in such relative proportknx



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ooionssiaNEB of patents. 809

M diat tbe water of OTTstallisation of the Alam, which maj be erolTed by heat, shall gnpplj
the requisite quantity of water to set the plaster, snbstiuitially ae and for the purposes set
forth.

No. 40,801.— Frederick Beck, of Now York, N. Y. -^Improvement in Covering Cordis
Wires f ^c— Patent dated December 1, 1863. — ^The inrention consists in the use of flock or



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 146 of 164)