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powder, obtained by grinding^ woollen rags, &c., or of bronze powder, &c., first drawing the
wire or cord through a solution of gum or liquid cement, and afterwards drawing it through
the flock or powder.

Cluim, — ^The employment or use of flock or powder, obtained by grinding woollen, worsted,
or cotton rags, or paper, or other material, in combination with a solution of ^lue, or other
snitable cement, for the purpose of covering cords or wires, substantially as set forth.

No. 40,802. — Daniel £. Hatward, of Melrose, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improvements in
Attacking RMer Selts to Boots and Shots.^Fatent dated December ], 1663.— The nails are
80 presented to the plastic rubber that the latter embraces and is vulcanized upon their heads ;
the nails are then driven through and clinched on the inside of the insole. A canvas cloth
may be interposed between the insole and outer sole, which adds to the toughness of the
article at the upper side of the outer sole.

C/atm.— First, soeuring nails or rivets a to the rubber Sole B by vulcanizing the sole on
to the nails or rivets, substantially in the manner described.

Second, the canvas cloth e, when the nails or rivets a are passed through it, and the cloth
and nails are attached to the sole in the manner substantially as set forth.

No. 40,803.— Henry A. Ameluno, of New York, N. Y.— Improved Composition for Covet'
img Hams* — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — Tissue paper or cloth, coated on one side with
a solution of gum shellac and alum in alcohol and oil, thoroughly boiled, is applied to the
sur&ce of the ham. The outer surface of the paper is then coated with the same solution by
means of a brush, which presses the paper into every aperture or cavity of the ham, making,
when dry, a perfectly air-tight covering.

Ciaim. — A covering for ham or other meat, consisting of paper or cloth soaked in a solution
made of the ingredients herein specified, and mixed together in about the proportion and
substantially in the manner described.

No. 40,804. — Jacques Ambos, of Barcelona, Spain. — Imj^rovement in Qenerating Gases
for Heating and Illumination. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — This improvement consists
in the formation of a gaseous compound in a furnace with facilities for tne addition, in the
furnace, of tar, oil, petroleum, &c., when required. The gas then passes off to retorts heated
to redness, in which coal or rosin oil gas is being generated.

Cluim. — First, the formation of a gaseous compound, as hereinbefore described, and the
mixing of the same with gas arising from the distillation of cool, or from the decomposition
of oils, resins, tars, or fatty bodies, to manufacture gas suitable for lighting and heating.

Second, the apparatus for generating the gaseous compound, constructed and acting sub-
stantially as hereinbefore described and illustrated in the accompanying drawing^.

No. 40,805. — Jacqites Ambos, of Barcelona, Spain. — Improvement in Oases for Motive
Power. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — This invention consists in a new method of gen-
erating gases in a furnace surrounded by a water jacket, which acts as a steam boiler; coal
is used to produce said gases, with the addition, if necessary, of tar, oil, petroleum, or fatty
matter. The gas then passes through a bed of incandescent fuel, and, after being mixed
with atmospheric air, is introduced into the cylinder and exploded by an electric spark or red-
hot platinum wire.

Claim. — Ir^st, the production of a gaseous mixture composed Of oxide of carbon, of hydride
of azote and of a small proportion of carbonate of hydrogen, said compound being combined
with air and used as motive power, in the manner hereinbefore set forth.

Second, the apparatus for generating the gaseous mixture to be used in the manner sub-
Btanlially as hereinbefore described and illustrated in the accompanving drawings.

Third, the generation of steam by the heating of water in the jacket of the cylinder of the
said gas engine and in a boiler surrounding the lumace of the said gas-generating apparatus,
substantially as hereinbefore described.

No. 40 806.— Samuel Babcock, of Middlctown, Middlesex county, Cojm.—Improoed Snap
i/ooAt.— Patent dated December 8, 1863.— The invention consists in the arrangement of the
parts in which the eye and hook are in one piece, and the tongue has lips to embrace the hook
and a recess for a leaf spring.

Claim,— Th^i iraprov^ manufacture of a snap hook as made, not only with its eye in one
piece, with its hook and with its tongue not only provided with lips to embrace the shank of
the hook and form a joint therewith, but with a recess arranged substantially as described,
and for tho purpose of carrying a straight or leif spring disposed within such recess, in man*
nt-r as hereinbelore explained.



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810 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 40,807.— William Bailey, of Utica, N. Y.-^-Improvement im Spates.— Patent &ted
December 8, 1863. — ^The object of this improvement is to provide a firm and readily adjusta-
ble attachment for the boot to the sole of the skate, which is accomplished by boot clampg
with pendant lips, operated by a cone in a chamber under the ball of the foot ; also, an im
prove ment in the shape of the ninner, and in the dovetail mode of fastening the ninner at thi
toe, and by a heel pin with a countersunk head.

Claim, — First, tue construction of the clamps with the pendent lips, connected and arran|«d
as I have described, and the mode of operating them which I have described.

Second, the construction and use of the skate runner of the flattened form with the elevated
edges spread apart for greater base, and for other purposes as descnbed, in combination with
the deep wooden stock with bearing sheaves as descnbed, and for the purposes described.

Third, the mode of fastening the runner to the wooden stock, by means of the dove-tail
device at the toe, as described ; and the heel pin passing directly through the runner at ti»
heel, with head countersunk, in the manner described and for the purposes described.

Fourth, the whole being constructed, combined, and arranged substantially in the manner
herein set forth.

No. 40,908.— WiLU AM H. Baker, of Marathon, Courtland county, N. Y,~-Improrement ii
Telescopes. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — The object of this invention is to provide a
safe attachment for the lenses, eye-piece, drc, of a telescope exposed to concussion ou afire^
arm. This is done by a spring, which, passing along the bore of the telescope, pressei
againat the lenses, &;c., or catches in notches. Also, to provide means for securing the disk
and strap safely to the gun.

Claim. — Supporting me lenses or their settings and diaphragm which compose the eye-piece
of the telescope by means of a spring or springs, thereby making a fastening that*may bo
more readily removed, and rendering the lenses less liable to work loose or be broken by the
jaw or concussion to which they are exposed in use.

Also, the not<*.h C in the setting of the object lens, in combination with the spring on the
tubo which holds the setting in and prevents it from working out by the recoil of the gun
when it is fired.

Also, the spring clasp for holding the fore end of the telescope to the barrel of the gun.

Also, securing the disk P to the adjusting screw by turning the edge of the socket orer
the edge of the disk, as described.

Also, fastening the telescope to the disk P by means of the ears T T, strap 8, and pin B,
in combination with the spring or springs between the disk and telescope and between iba
telescope and strap S.

No. 40,809.— William H. Baker, of Marathon, Courtland county, N. Y.—Tmprovemeai it
Locks for Fire-arms. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^This invention consists in a modifi-
cation of several parts of the ordinary lock, to wit, attaching the mainspring rigidly to tbs
hammer, making the swivel, which is provided with notches to hold the sere, to extend aa
arm through the lock plate for attachment to the hammer.

Claim. — In combination with a cock or hammer, having its mainspring rigidly attached
to it as described, the swivel or link H, provided with notches for the sere to hold the ham-
mer at full or half ceck.

Also, in a lock constructed as described, extending the arm of the sere or link through the
lock plate, to make a connexion between the sore and the cock.

No. 40,810.— O. Beecher and R. E. Rodgers, of Philadelphia, Va.— Improvement in Rai'
road Journal Boxes. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — The invention consists in certain
arrangements for securing the oiling of the axle and prevention of foreign matter getttog
into the journal-box, all wi: bin the compass of the insiae of the box.

Claim. — First, the oiling loUer K, frame J, and weighted lever M, or its equivalent, the
whole being constructed and arranged within a journal box and operating substantially as
and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, the partition I, oil chamber L, frame J, and oiling roller K, the whole being
arranged substantially as set forth for the purpose specified.

Third, the annular flange G, or its equivalent, secured to or forming part of the wheel or
axle, and arranged to project into the interior of the box, substantially as and for the purpose
described.

Fourth, the annular flange H, secured to or forming a part of the wheel or axle, and arranged
in respect to the annular flange E of the box, substantially as and for the purpose herein set
forth.

No. 40,811.— J. H. Blaisdell, of Boston, M&ss.— Improved Soda Water Apparatus^ -
Patent dated December 8, 1863. — The objects of this improvement are to provide a means
for the simultaneous discharge of the soda and the sirup into the g^ass. to discharge the soda
through two different deliveries at one motion and from the same source, the latter being
effected by a discharge concentrically around the other to form a chamber or enlargemeol
which shall obviate the necessity of a condensing bottle.



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COHMI86ION£B OF PATENTS. 811

Claim, — ^In a soda apparatus the arrangement of one outlet for soda within another, aub-
8tantiully as described.

Also, the arrangement around or adjacent to the soda outlet or outlets of the Various out-
lets for sirups and other fluids, substantially as described.

Aiso, the arran^ment in a soda apparatus of the diapbragm n and disk f, or the equivalent
thereto, so as to act under pressure as described, to admit into two or more passages, and to
shut off therefrom, the sodu supplied frcm a common source.

Also, the formation of a chamber in a soda discharge pipe, so as to operate to check the velocity
of the discharge under pressure, and thus supersede the employment of the condensing bottle,
substantially as set forth.

Also, the condensed arrangement of outlets, so that while each is separate from the others,
they are all within the compass of and can each of them discharge into an ordinary drinking
glass, without removal thereof, from a fixed position.

No. 40, 812. —Virgil W. Blanciiard. of Bridport, Addison county, Yt—Iinprooement im
Harvesters. — Patent dated December 8, 18153. — The improvement consists in a method of
throwing the sickle in and out of gear, or of varying its speed by bringm^ it into connexion
with a circle of coj|p of a larger or smaller radius on the face of the drivmg wheel ; of pro-
viding the points ot suspension of the cutter bar with springs to reduce the jolting ; an amuige-
ment for keeping the finger bar and cutter in working position while raised ; the construction
of the parts for raising the cutter bar by the motion ot the lever, and an arrangement lor secur-
ing in its relative position the bar to which the finger bar is hinged.

Claim. — First, tnd employment or use of a sliding shaft E, one or two, provided with arms
H, in combination with two contrentric circles of co^s b b' attached to the driving wheel D,
or to a wheel connected therewith for the purpose ot varying the speed of the sickle I, and
throwing the same in and out of gear, substantially as set forth.

Second, the employment or use of springs G G, applied to or connected with the shafi or
shafts E, in the manner shown, or in any eqiiivuleut way for the purpose of equalizing the
movement of the sickle, or causing it to operate smoothly without jais or concussions, as sot
forth.

Third, the curved stay bar T attached to the bar O and shoe P, substantially as shown,
in combination with the rollers c*, cormected to the finger bar S, ai shown, and the cylindri-
cal pin to, by which the finger bar is attached to the shoe; all arranged as shown, to admit
of the finger bar and sickle being raised and lowered, and at the same time serve to hold or
retain the same in a proper working position. ^

Fourth, the connecting ot the cylindrical pin w to the lever U, by means of the chain e*
passing over and around the pulleys/* g* in the bar O, and around the pulleys A' on the frame
A, and attached to the lever U, for the purpose of raising the finger bar and sickle as set forth.

Fifth, securing the bar O, or staying the same in proper position, by means of the roller v
placed in the arm Q, and fitted in the pendant frame R, attached to the frame A. substan-
tially as herein described.

No.45,81.3. - NAinJM F. Bryant, of East Boston, Ms^B.—Improtement in Railway Car-
riages, — Patent dated December 8, J8f53. — The object of this improvement is to adapt a rail-
way carriage to run upon tracks of different widths, and it is tvccomplished by providing the
wheel axle with a sliding box or sleeve moving endwise within the housing which is fastened
to the carriage frame, the housing being open at the bottom except as provided with a re-
movable stopper, which excludes dust and supports the chock whu-h slides vertically within
the housing at its lowest position, keeping it in connexion with the housing.

Claim^ — The combination of the sliding box e, made either with or without the oil cham-
ber and cither a stationary or a movable bearing, the housing/, and the axle c.

Also, the combination of such parts and the chock H, atTanged and applied to them so as
to operate with them substantially ivs specified.

Also, the combina.ion of the movable stopper a with the housing/ and its chock H, the said
stopper being for the purposes or to operate as specified.

Also, the housing as made and provided with the packing groove /, and the packing ti>, to en-
compass the sliding box, in manner aa J for the purposes sj.^cified.

Also, the combination of the centralizer or lip s' with the nousing or truck frame, or carriage
thereof, when the latter has its wheels so applied as to be capable of being adjusted by means
of a wheel changing track to either of two tracks of different gauges.

No. 40,814.— Albert Bottom, of Bridgeport, Coun.^ improved Channelling Too/.— Patenk
dated December 8, 18d3. — This is a combination of a straight and an arc-formed cutter so
arran^d relatively to each other, that while the first cuts a score in the sole or other article,
the other cuts from within the said score a strip whose trausverse section is of semicircular
or sefjmental form, producing a channel of correnponding form.

Claim, — The combination of the straight cutter A, and the arc-formed cutter B, for cutting
a score and a channel within it of the form substantially as herein specified.

No. 40,815. — Orin C. Burdeck, of New Haven, Conn. — Improvement in Machine for
Making iV^M/s.— Patent dated December 8, 1863.— Upon a bench is a stationary and travora*



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812 ANNUAL BEPOET OF THE

iBg hettd. Th© moring head has attached to its forward fkco a projecting hollow pimcli, the
size of the Dut to he made. The stationary bead has a hollow dje adaptcnd to receive the M-
low panch, and also a stationary centre die, the size of the hole through the nnt, and the sui
also of the hollow of the tabular ponch. A'sleeve surrounding this centre die assists in ho^
ing the blank steady, and retreats with it before the force of the ponch, and on the remdrrBl
of the pressure discharges the nut from off the centre die.

Claim. — First, a die constructed as described in two parts a and 5, and the said two parti
combined with a movable punch L and a fixed punch N, to operate in the manner and Us
the purpose specified.

Second, the combination of the sleeve i, punches L and N, when the same are amnge'l a
the manner described, and combined with a die constructed as and for the pnrposo specif

No. 40,816.— Victor H. Buschmann, of Baltimore, Md. — Improtememt in Feeding Detim
for Satff Mills. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^This device consists in a method of re^-
latine the feed and guide rollers in a machine for slitting or resawing lumber, so that whlk
they nave a lateral motion on each side of a central line thoy shall proscr\'e their parallelliiQ
and adjust themselves to boards of different thicknesses; the rollers are pivoted at each e&i
in sockets, which traverse on rods which connect the uprights of the frame ; a pressure br
means of levers is brought to bear upon the sides of these sockets, and the levers on ead
side are connected with a rod, so that they move together, and these two rods are connertrf
with a weight on a central rod which causes all the levers to act simultaneously apon each <d
the sockets.

Claim. — First, applying the required pressure to the feed and guide rollers, by meanii of i
single force achng equally upon opposite sides of both roller-carrying frames, by mechan^
constructed and operating substantially as described.

Second, hanging or supporting the roller-carrying frames, constructed as described, insscl
manner that while they will always preserve their parallelism to each other, they are allorti
to yield equally on each side of a central lino, and accommodate themselves to boards of difd-
ent thicknesses, substantially as described.

Third, ^e use of adjustable bearings i i, or their equivalents, in combination with therolk
frames b b and pressure plates g^ constructed and operating substantially as and for the par-
poses described.

Fourth, a central weight or other similar force in combination with a guide applied $ai
perating substantially as and for the purposes described.

No. 40,817.— Jonathan H. Bye, of Stcriing, Whiteside county, l\\.—TmpToi>emeMt it
Construction of Buggies. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — In this improvement the
V-shaped sprinf^ are a continuation of the thills and make part of the same, being aitarbed
by bolts to the tore axle and to the fore bolster: the coupling consists of two hounds wliick
bifurcate near the axle, giving a double attachment — one to the axle, the other to the hinl
bolster ; forward, the two nounds are prolonged into a curved end which runs in a guide ca-
der a bar, in which it traverses as the carriage is on the lock.

Claim. — First, the combination of the thills a a with the springy b b and c c, for the par-
pose and in the manner herein described.

Second, the combination of the coupling m m with the rear springs s s and r r, the cnrrei
continuation n n of the coupling m m, the beam j, with its guides formed by I and 1 1, aoi
the flexible bar A, substantially as set forth.

No. 40, 818.— Anthony Chabot, of San Francisco, OeX.— Improvement in Filters.— Y^XoA
dated December 8, 1863. — This apparatus consists of a porous tube or tubes set upsrai
flanged disk and covered with a flanged disk cap, so as to be water-tight^ and connecting s;
their lower ends with a common discharge pipe. This concern is placed in a tank, and ti^
water being admitted around it, percolates through the sides of the vessels, and is collected
and discharged ; provision is made for flushing the pipes for discharging the sediment by
valve and waste pipe, and for changing the course of the water so as alternately to use the
porous cylinders by an inward and outward flow through them, so as to loosen and discharge
the sediment and refuse that have collected on their sides and around them.

Claim, — First, combining one or more porous tubes with a pipe B, by means of a flange
a on the pipe for the reception of one end of each tube, a cap C for the reception of the other
end, and a bolt D, substantially as herein described.

Second, in a filtering apparatus constructed substantially as specified, the herein described
arrangement of chambers and passages for conveying the water to and from them, operating
as explained to provide for the cleansing of the. filters by reversing the flow of water throi^
them without reversing or changing the position of the filter or filters.

Third, the combination and arrangement of the porous tube or tubes A, pipe or pipes B,
tank E, trunk G, chamber F, openings/^ h i, and gates or valves/^ h' t', to operate sub-
stantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40, 819.— Charles B. Clark, of Mount Pleasant, nemy county, Iowa.— Improtti
Window-Sash Fa«teii«r.— Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^This fastener, attached to the sash
and operating agunst the window strip, consists of two rollers made to rotate by teeth on a



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OOMHISSIONSB OF PATENTS. Sid

drcnkur flange with its conyexitj towards the window strip, so that as the sash is mored, the
lever being held apart by a spring, one or other of the rollers will bear against the strip and
be rolled np into the wedge-shaped space between the strip and the circular flange. The
pressure together of the levers loosens both rollers and admits of the sash bein^ moved as
may be desired. The pressure of the lower roller will prevent the sash from follmg, and of
the upper roller from being elevated, except by the use of the lever.

Claim. — ^The circuUr flange B, or its equivalent, and the pecoliar -shaped rollers C C ; the
same being combined and operated substantially and for the purposes as set forth.

No. 40,820.— William C. Clark, of Portland, 'iie,— Improvement in Railroad Car Coup-
ling,— Vatent dated December 8, 1863. — ^Tlw coupling pin is so constructed, that as the link
is mnist against it, in the contact of the buntor bars, it gives way, swinging upon a pivot,
and as soon as the obstacle is past, drops and firmly retains it ; in addition to this, it .is so
hung upon its pivot, that by the withdrawal of a latch, it may be lifted out to allow the dis-
engagement of the cars.

Claim. — ^The application of the pin to the banter bar, so that the pin may be capable not
only of swinging on a fulcrum in manner and under circumstances as stated, but of being
raised off the fulcrum in order to disconnect the link from the buntor bar.

Also, the combination of the latch or its equivalent with the pin and its supports as de-
scribed, when such pin may be applied to the hunter bar, substantially in manner and so as
to operate as specified.

No. 40,821.— Adams R. Cooper, of Mason City, JW.-^Improved Washing Maekine.—
Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The machine consists of a rectangular frame and box with
a furnace beneath,- and a series of grooved rollers in an independent frame moved by a crank
on one of them, which actuates the others by bands ; these all rotate in one direction, and
underneath them is an endless apron running upon similar rollers to the above, and all kept
in motion by the mashing together of the teeth of thd upper and lower rollers. The clothes
pass between these series of rollers and back underneath the apron, to be withdrawn or again
operated upon.

C/aim.— First, the combination of the furnace, the boiler, and the washing machanism,
substantially in the manner as described for the purpose set forth.

Second, mounting the upper rubbing and squeezing rollers in an independent skeleton
frame, substantially in the manner desmbed for the purt>ose set forth.

Third, the combination of three or more rollers leaving a differential motion, with two or
more rollers carrying an endless apron over a board between them, substantially in the manner
and for the purpose described.

No. 40,822.— William Craio, of Urbana, Champai^ county, HI.— /ivijntweiiMiK tii Com
Planters, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The machine consists of a couple of seed boxes
mounted on a wheeled frame, in the rear part of which are loose rollers with flanges, the
latter so gauged as to act as seed coverers tollowing in the wake of the shares. A button on
the end of the tongue serves to keep the forward side of the frame in an elevated position



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 147 of 164)