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when required, and the driver*s seat, which is over the rollers, slides by transverse holes
through Its ends on supporting rods so as to shift fore and all to adjust the weight.

Claim. — First, the roller C, constructed of sections a' a* a* a*, which are provided with
flanges 6*, as shown, for the purpose specified.

Second, the button L, attached to the back part of the draught pole B, and arranged as
shown, for the purpose of keeping the front part of the frame A elevated, and the shares F
above the surface of the earth when required.

Third, arranging or placing the driver's seat M on supports N, the upper parts of which are
horizontal and are fitted in slots made longitudinally in the ends of the seat M, to admit of
the adjustment of the latter, as set forth.

No. 40,823.— Charles H. Dascomb, of Cleveland, Ohio. — Improved Seat and Cane.-^
Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^This cane divides at the mid length and the upper section,
being divided longitudinally, and the two pieces rotating on each other by a pivot, unite with
the lower section to form a tripod. The handle or knob becomes the pivot uniting the legs
of the tripod.

Claim. — ^The herein-described improvement in combined cane and seat, consisting of the
sections ABB, canvas S, head figure 3, and pin D, the several parts being constructed and
united in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,824.~S. B. Dean, of Boston, ^Maaa.^Improvemsmt mi Avnaraius for Adjusting
Ordnance in Boring Mill. — Patent dated December 8, 1863.-*This is aesigned for supporting
Uie muzzle of the gun during the boring operation, and for readjusting i( if the weight shall
have thrown the centre of the gun out of line. It consists of a wedge operated by set screws
ajid an. inclined bed, and side screws for lateral adjustment.

Claim, ^The arrangement of the bearing, the incline c, wedffe J, screws g and i, and up-
rights A, or their equivalents, all operating together substantially as and for the purpose set
forth.



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814 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Ko. 40,825.— Timothy Earle, of Smithfieid, Providence county, R. I.— fmprorerf Nnt^
Cracker. ^PAtent dated December 8, 1863 —The nnfc is placed between an adjustable rest and
ft jaw which had a cam surface at the back and is advanced laterally by rotation*

Claim. — First, a crasher m, which has a lateral motion imparted to it by the action of a
cam surface c, or its equivalent, in combination witb a stationary back rest^, substantiaUy
as described, for the purposes specified.

Second, the use of a back rest g, which can be ai^usted for nuts of various sixes, when
applied to a nut-cracker, substantially as described.

No. 40,826,— Josi AH Ells, of Pittsburg, Ftu—Immravement in floct.— Patent issoed
December 8, 1663; antedated December 1, 1863.-— The blade has a semicircular ilan^ and
a recess, and is firmly clasped between the bracketed ferule in which the handle is inserted,
and 'the key piece which occupies the recess of the blade and the slot in the bracket.

C/atm.— The hollow or concave bracket b and groove p, in combination with a blade m
having a semicircular flange e and arched recess £, and Uie key (Fig. 3) for securing and
strengthening the bkde, substantiedly as herein set forth.

No. 40,827.— Thomas B. De Forest, of Birmingham, New Haven county, Conn. — Mm-
chine for Making Tart. — ^Patent dated December 8, 1863.— This machine receives a strip of
paper from a reel and punches eyelets, ornaments, and cuts or stamps out pieces of a gives
size and discharges them as complete tags. The paper is fed through the machine, having
eyelets inserted at given intervals, a pressor foot holding down the material, which has a
guide on each side to regulate its position.

Claim. — First, an automatic feedinp^ mechanism, in combination with an eyeleting mechaD>
ism, whereby eyelets may be set at given intervals, substantially as set forth.

Second, the combination of an eyeleting mechanism, a feeding mechanism, and a stamping
or cutting-out device or mechanism, whereby the material may be eyeleted and cut apart into
pieces of given size with the eyelet in a given position in each.

Third, an eyeleting or eye-formiug mechanism, in combination with a stamping or cnttinff-
out device or mechanism, whereby the eye-formiug operation and cutting^ out are bodi
performed in an organized machine without moving the material (or handling it) mon
ihan once.

Fourth, the punch a a5, operating previously to the insertion of the eyelet in oombinatien
with the eyeleting mechanism and cutting-ofF dies D4 PI, to perform the successive opera-
tions of punching out, setting the eyelet, and cutting apart the material, substuntially as set
forth.

Fifth, the employment of the pressor foot g^ or its equivalent, in combination with the cye>
leting mechanism, as and for the purpose substantially as described.

Sixth, the employment of the hammer L, or its equivalent, in connexion with the ey»-
letiuff mechanism, to insure the flow of eyelets through the supply passage or chute Q, sub-
stantially as hereinbefore set forth.

No. 40,828.— A. H. Emert, of New York, N. Y.—ImprovemBnt in Percussion Fuze for
Shells, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The plunger of the percussion fuze is so fastened
in the projectile as to be safe for handling, but unloosed when hred from the gun, so as to be
free to move forward and explode the cap on the concussiou of the projectile, the thread
which held it being stripped off by the force of the explosion in the gun.

Claim. — Fii-st, the combination and use of the flange D and thread F with the plunger
C, substantially as and for the purposes heroin described and set forth.

Second, the combination ana use of the washer E, when combined with the shell H,
flange D, and screw thread F, substantially as and for the purposes herein described and set
forth.

No. 40,829. — Barthol Erbe, of Snowden, Alleghany county, Penn. — Improvement im
La/cAea.— Patent issued December 8, 1863; antedated October 24, 1863.— The bolt of tho
lock is capable of being rotated so as to answer for a ri^ht or left-hand lock.

Claim. — The use ana employment of a round latch head, when the same is connected with
the internal moving parts, so as to revolve on its axis in the manner substantially as de-
scribed for the purpose set forth.

No. 40, 830.— John Ericsson, of New York. N. Y.—hnprovtd Port*Stoppor for Veooth of
War. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The crank-shaped piece which closes the port-hoia
is supported in bearing independent of the turret, ana swings out of the way of the gun
when the latter is run m battery.

Claim. — First, the consUiiction of a port-stopper in the form of a crank, substantially as
herein specified.

Second, the arrangement of a port-stopper to turn about an upright axis, or nearly apri^lit
axis, situated some oistance within, or behind and opposite, or nearly opposite to the ceotze
of the port, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 815

Third, the attachment of the bearings for the pivots or journals of the portHstdpper, to sup-
ports which are detached from the wall of the turret or other defensire structure in the im-
mediate neighborhood of the port, substantiallj as herein described.

No. 40,831— George Prey, of New York, N. Y.—Improved Bed BoWcrni.— Patent dated
December 8, 1863. — The lower frame is supported on legs and supports the upper by the
intei*position of elliptic springs. The upper mime has a hinged section to adapt it to a reclin-
ing posture.

Claim, — The combination of two frames, A C, one being provided with movable legs and
the other with an adjustable head-piece, and both bein^ connected with each other by elliptic
springs D, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as herein shown and described.

No. 40, 832.— James Fullen, of Sazonville, Middlesex county, Mass. — Improved Process
€f Removing Burs from WooL — Patent dated December 8, 1863. The wool is steeped for 16
minutes in a solution of sulphuric acid, of a strength of 8 water to 1 acid ; it is then dried and
passed through a wool-picker, and afterwards immersed in a solution of alkali and Irish moss,
which neutralizes the acid and restores the character of the wool. The effect of the acid is to
make the vegetable matter brittle and easy of removal.

C/aim.— The treatment of wool, as described, tiz : bv applying to it, in connexion with
the treatment of it, an acid solution, a picker, and an alkaline solution, as set forth, a solu-
tion of Irish moss, or its equivalent, the whole being substantially as specified.

No. 40, 833.— M. C. Gardner, of Rochester, N. Y, - Imfrovement in Car Coupling.-^
Patent dated December 8, 1863. — The pin is supported in a horizontal position by means of
the weight balls which lie upon it, and have a vertical motion in a groove at right angles to
the line of draught.

Claim, — ^The method herein described of supporting the pin P, by means of the balls C,
moving in holes or grooves at right angles to tne line of draught, the whole operating in the
manner and for the purpose substantiafiy as described.

No. 40, 834.— Alexander Gordon, of New York, N. Y.—Improvemtnt in Registering
Marine Logs, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^This invention is to register the directions
of the distances run by the ship, as well as the distances themselves, and consists of an ar-
rangement substantially like the ordinary ** Patent Log,'' combined with a compass and a
registering apparatus for dropping pellets, which score the distance into a compartment
of the compass.

Claim, — The combination with the registering marine log of a compass divided into com-
partments zZf for the reception of pellets or their equivalents and an apparatus for dropping
a pellet into one of said compartments whenever the vessel has made a certain distance, tho
delivering tube or portion of the said dropping apparatus beine so controlled as to always
point in the direction in which the vessel is moving through the water, and the whole oper-
ating substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

No. 40, 835. — Charles Grath, of St. Louis, Mo. — Improved Composition for Lubrica*
ting, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — Composed of paraffine oil, grease, rosin and lye ;
the latter formed by a solution of lime, alum, soda, potassa, and sugar of lead, in water.

Claim, — The production of an axle and machine grease made from parafiOne oil with the
combination of the substances above specified.

No. 40, 836. — DUDWIG Haecker, of Attenburg, kingdom of Hungry. — Improvement in
Brewing with Maize.'— FaXeni dated December 8, 186:3. — A paste is lormed of com groats,
with from 12 to 20 per cent, of barely malt, and with water at a temperature of 120^ Fah-
renheit ; water is added graduallv until the mash has a temperature of 165^, and eventually
200^. It is then left to stand awhile, and then cooled to 15^ ; the barley malt is then added
and it is boiled with hops in the usual manner.

Claim, — ^First, the within-described process of disclosing the starch of com and preparing
the saccharified extract from com mixed with barley malt, in about tho proportion heretofore
specified, by the throe manipulations substantially as set forth, said manipulations being
conducted either in one and the same or in different vessels, as may be desiraole.

Second, exposing maize, when the same is mixed with barley malt, about in the propor-
tion herein specifiS, to the action of boiling water, substantially as and for the purpose set
forth.

No. 40, 837. — Calvin J. Holman, of Oshkosh, "Winnebago county. Wis. — Improved
Sawing Machine, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^This saw is intended for sawing staves,
and is in the form of a short cylinder, supported on drums placed within it ; the drums are
mounted on shafts, on which are gears which mash into a spur wheel on the shaft. Each
drum ia made in two parts with an interval between them, the thin edges being secured by
a set screw so as to be acUusted further back as the saw wears narrower.



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816 AITMUAL BEPOBT OF TBS

Clam.— The combination of the shaft e and spur-wheel d with the drams c • a «, and
their movable collars pp^ with the gears c c c c, arranged substantially in the manner sad {or
the purpose specified.

No. 40,838. — James A. HeNDRiCK, of Proyidence, Luzerne county, Penn.— fsivroveiuit
in GrtMding atul Polishing TpoIs. — Patent issued December 8, 1863; antedated November
21 f 1863.— In this machine a pattern is attached to a rock-shaft which is connected bys
pitman to another rock-shaft, which has the tool socketed to it, the shafts being ptaced on a
carriage sliding on the ^indstone frame, in connexion with an adjustable bearing, placed for
the pattern to work agamst and arrest the operation.

Claim. — The two rock-shafts I I, fitted in a sliding frame H, having a lateral redpio-
cating movement, and provided respectively with the sockets Q V, with the tool and panem
fitted in them, and operated from the grindstone shaft C, as shown, or iu any equivalent way,
in combinatiou with the grindstone S and the adjustable bearing St or its equivalent, for
the purpose herein aet forth.

No. 40,839.— Thomas Sterry Hunt, of Montreal, Canada EMU^Iw^^racemem ta Cm-
montiem for Bank NoU and other /aJts.— Patent dated December 8, 1863.— The basis of tke
ink is a compound of tannic acid (perozyde of tin) and a amall proportion of oxide of
chronium or other metallic oxides.

Claim. — The new use and application of the said mineral compounds, as an ingredient or
basis of an ink for printing from engraved plates, from types, or for other kinds of printing.

No. 40,840.— John Hutchison, of Three Bivers, St. Joseph's county, Mich.— /si/roiaMaC
ta Grain Cleaners. — ^Patent dated December 8, 1863. — This is a cleaning arran^rement to
operate upon the grain as it passes from the hopper to the eye of the runner. Its feed ii
adjusted by a sliding sleeve, and it then falls into a scattering dish, and from thence to a
slanting board, whose lower edge gives the grain a tendency upwards towards the fan, which
acts as a constant suction to draw the lighter grain and refuse away from the spout leading
to the millstones.

Claim, — First, the combination of the hopper, the sliding sleeve, and the rotating dish tf
Bcattering cup, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.

Second, the combination of the scattering dish, incHned board £, and beak c, with ^
auction spout, as described, for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combination of. a sliding sleeve, cut-off, a cant board, and a suction spoat with
a fan, substantially in the manner described, for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, the combination of the hopper, the toll oish, and the slide valve, as and for thi
purpose set forth.

No. 40,841.— Lemuel P. Jenks, of Boston, Mass., assignor to Levi L. Tower, of sane
place. — Inkstand. — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The vessel and the cup are united by
an India-rubber ring. The ink is obtained by a slight pressure upon the cup while di{^Mag
with the pen.

C^tm.— The combination of the elastic ring G with the reservoir F and the dipping o^ <^
and for the purposes shown.

No. 40,842.— William Jones, of St. Louis, hLo^-^Improvement tii Potato Diggen.-
Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The machine is preceded by a rake to remove the vises,
d:x^, out of the track of the digger, which inunediatel^ follows, and consists of a number^
inclined bars, which slide under the hill of tubers and lift them, with their adhering and adja-
cent soil, and discharge them into a sifting box, firom which they are discharged into the eelb
of the revolving apron and carried to the box on the rear of the frame. The depth aai
adjustment of the clearer and digger are regulated by spring and a lever.

Claim. — ^First, the clearer D, arranged on the front end of the machine and combined with
the bar £ for operating the same; the whole to be constructed and arranged aubstantiallj
in the manner set forth.

Second, the rods K and springs J, in combination with the hinged platform H, as and fb(
thepurpose set forth.

Tnira, in combination with the dSeger G the sifter N, constructed and operated as set fortl^

Fourth, in combination with the digger and sifter, constructed as set fortn, the endless apron
m, for the purpose of receiving and delivering the potatoes, as described.

No. 40,843.— T. 8. Lambert, of Peekskill, Westchester county, N. Y. —Improvement mi
Ventilating Railroad Cars.— Patent Issued December 8, 1863; antedated December 4, 1863.—
The air to be admitted to the ear is passed in a sinuous course over surfaces of ice arranged
in a series of shelves.

C^aiffi.- The application of ice to assist in the ventilation of ndlroad cars E, and for otbtr
purposes, substantially as set forth.

The construction of^a closet with shelving or draws for ventUation by means of passing 9k
over the surface of Ice, substantiAlly as set forth.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 817

No. 40,844.— T. S. Lambert, of Peekskill, Westchester county, N. Y.-^Tmpravemtnt in
Mods qf Facing the WalU of BwildmgM.—Patont dated December 8, 1863.— The facii^ plate
has a backwardlj projecting lug or plate, which is introduced between two courses ot the
backing. *

Ciaim. — ^The construction of fadng for the inner or outer surface of walls of buildings, each
piece of which facing is finished with a shoulder offset or arm, to be the means of fastening it
to the wall, in the manner and for the purpose substantial!/ as set forth.

No. 40,845.— T. S. Lambert, of Peekskill, Westcbester county, N. Y,~-Improved RoUer
for Wringing Machines, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — A covering of cordage laid on
Bpirallj.

Claim, — ^The application of any kind of cordage to form the surface of rollers in wrin^^ng
Biachines, in the manner and for the purposes substantially as set forth.

No. 40,846.— Jacob J. Lownds, of New York, N. Y.— P«ii and Pencil Cam.- Patent
dated December 8, 1863. — The pencil and pen are arranged at opposite ends in the respective
tubes, and the pen is protruded by the revolution of the spirally-grooved tubes, which engage
thepen of the pen sbde.

Claim. — ^The two tubes A B arranged to slide one within the other, in combination with
the spirally-slotted tubes £ F, pen slide C, and pencil I, all arranged as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 40,847.— Charles F. Macy and Seth Martin, of Little York, Nevada county, CaL—
hnprovement in Hose Nozzles, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The hose nozzle is designed
for mining purposes, and the improvement consists of radial flanges, which are intended to
cause the water to issue in a direct current without tendency to spread and scatter.

Claim, — A hose pipe provided with internal radial plates, substantiaUy as and for the
purpose herein set forth. «

No. 40,848.— Thomas J. Maoee, of Cincinnati, OUo,— Improved Sofa Bedstead. —Ftkient
dated December 8, 1863. — ^The bedstead, with its hinged frame, suspended legs, braces, &.C.,
folds up at the back of the sofa. The precise arrangement of the parts are more readily
drawn than described.

Claim. — The arrangement of sofa or lounge A, folding fVame B, arms C C, springs D and
leffs F F', and cords G 6', the whole forming a combined sofa and self-unfolding bedstead,
suDstantially as set forth.

No. 40,849.— W. D. Mann, of Detroit, Mich,— Improved Mode of Slinging Accoutrements.—
Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The cartridge box is worn in the front of the person, and
acts as a counterbalance to the other accoutrements.

Claim, — ^The manner herein described and represented of slinging the cartridge box of an
infantry or cavalrv soMier so as to have the weight thereof counterbalanced by the other
accoutrements and arms usually worn upon the oody, and the weight of the whole borne
upon the shoulders, substantially as described.

No. 40,850.— Daniel McNab, of Moscow, Hillsdale county, Mich.— Improvement in En-
cavators, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — ^The shovel or scraper is suspended by pivoto
from a firame on wheels, and is driven into the ground and fitled by the motion of the wagon.
It is discharged by stopping the waron and the draught thrown upon the chain which up-'
sets the scraper and dumps the load into the wagon box.

Claim, — ^First, the scraper B, with its grooves P and pulley K, suspended by chains £ £
on pivots N, and operating substantiallv as described.

Second, the bar G, the hooked kiuff-bolt, the shifts F and the brake D, the whole oob-
structed, combined, and operating substantially as described, and for the purposes specified.

No. 40,851.— Don John Mozart, of New York, N. Y. ; Levi Beach, of Farmlngton,
Hartford county. Conn. ; and Laportb Hubbgll, of Bristol, Hartford county. Conn. —
Improvement in Clock and Watch Escapements, — Patent dated December 8, 1863.— The es-
capement wheel is applied directly to the verge or balance wheel sta£f, without the interven-
tion of lever ^r other contrivances ; an increase or diminution of the motive force making
but little appreciable effect on the time-keeping, owing to the point on which the pressure
of the escapement-wheel is applied. The verge has a central longitudinal groove in a flat-
tened portion, which leaves a bevelled iace on each side of the central depression; into the
latter the point of the tooth projects and is freed by the vibration of the verge, the return
motion admitting the point of another tooth.

Claim. — First, constructing a staff or verge in such manner that the pallets or points of
repose are adapted to receive the teeth of a common ratchet scape wheial, substantiaUy ai
Mseribed.

Second, the concave bevelled surfaces t' j and groove or channel i, formed in the solid oj-
lindrical verge, substantially as described. .

H. Ex. Doc. 60-^^2



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818 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Third, the applicftiioii of the scape wheel i, or its eqaivilent, to the verge (', when eoa-
•tnicted sabBtiuitially as described.

Fourth, giving the vertical a(^'astinent to the support for the verge of the escapement bj
means substantially as described.

No. 40,852.— John Prikole, of Jersey Citv, Hudson county, N. J.-^b np r o wem e wt w
Hydrantf — Patent dated December 8, 1863.— The improvements are in the plug, with its
three passages and the weighted handle which closes the valve. The openings in the plug
are for the passage of the water to the spout and the reflux of the water in the passage
above, after shutting off the supply, so as to avoid the effect of freezing.

Claim. — First, the plug a, vnth three passages g hi, and held in place by a cap « over its
thick end, in combination with the lever h, rod e, slip-weight E, and pipes B C, all ooo-
structed and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

Second, the weight E, made in two parts and united by a dovetail, in combination with
the rod e and plug a, constructed and operating as and for the purpose directed.

No. 40,853.— William S. Pratt, of New York, N. Y.— Imprwenwia in Sewing Mm-
chines, — Patent dated December 8, 1863. — This machine makes the ordinary running stitch
with a common needle and continuous thread. One pair of rollers holds tlie needle m posi-
tion and the other feeds the fabric to the needle and carries the latter back afier the stitch
is made ; a needle-driver acts against the head of the needle as a lady's thimble. The fabric
is drawn over a lip which, in connexion with the bar, makes the stitch. The feed-modon is
regulated by means of the adjustable pawl which operates on the ratchet wheel.

CZaim.-— jPirst, a sewing machihe making a running stitch and using an ordinary sewing
needle, operating substantially as described, in which the needle is not stationary, but ii
tarried or driven forward through the cloth in making the stitch, and then carried backward
with the fabric, preparatory to the makmg another stitch.

Second, the arrtingement of the lip d, in combination with the needle g and the rollers m af
and bar e, for making the stitch, Substantially as described.

Third, the combination and arrangement of the ratchet o and impelling arm or pawl a
with the mechanism rotating the rollers aa' b b\ substantially as and for the purposes sst



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 148 of 164)