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0tonington, New London county. Conn — Improvement in Pumps. — Patent datied Decembar
15, 18w. — ^The four valves are arranged, two on each side of a partition, in a casmg whieh
is fitted into the chamber and capable of being withdrawn theretrom. It is secured in posi-
tion by a cover or bonnet which is fastened oy a screw passing through a hmged bndge-
piece or bail.

Claim. — First, the two induction valves and the two educting valves of a double-acting
pump* arranged as shown, in the single chamber A, in /combination with the partition
between the induction valves m m' ana extending to the eduction valves n it', substantiaUj
as and for the pui'pose herein described.

Second, the coDStruction and arrangement of the valve seats M N, the valves m m' a n\
and the partition O, whereby the said valves and their seats may be removed from the
chamber A in one mass, substantially as herein specified.

> Third, the employment of the cam 1, in combination with the hinged b^l F and the bonnat
£, sabstantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.



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C0MMI8SI0NEE OP PATENTS. 833

No. 40,946. — John W. Rockwell, of Bidgefield, Fairfield county, Conn. - /mprovemene
in Curryrombs. — ^Patent dated December 15, 1863. — ^The bent plates with their two serrated
edges are attached by lips to the flexible back.

Cltnm, — A currycomb having a series of metal bars A applied to a flexible back B, sub-
stantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,947.— -Isaiah Rogers, of Washington, D. Q. ^Improvement in ^m.— Patent
dated December 15, 1863. — Balls of hard material are interposed between the plates forming
the walls of a safe, so as to move and present a barrier to a drill, router, or other burglar
tool. The face side of the safe wall is lined with steel as a stay to the outer plates.

Claim, — First, a burglar-proof safe having the spacer between its walls provided with balls,
arranged in such a manner that they may turn and still be retained in proper position, for the
purpose herein set forth.

Second, the employment or use of balls of different diameters, substantially as and for the
purpose specified.

Third, the nteel plate D secured to the outer fia<;e or side of the wall B, when said plate is
used in combination with the balls, as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,948.— Chrfstopher E. Rymes, of Charlestown, Middlesex county, Mass.— /m*
fTovement in Fastenings for Tobacco Presses or Cases. — ^Patent dated December 15, 1863. —
This is a circular band with fastening consisting of a bolt socketed into the lugs of the
clamp, and fastened by nut and washer. The band encircles segmental blocks, which
enclose a box of tobacco under the pressure of packing.

Claim. — My improved segment band fastening as composed of the screw-bolt A, the nut «»
the adjustable washers c c, their concave seats d i/, and the cam or eccentric g, they being
made, arranged together, and applied to the band, substantially in manner and so as to
operate as described.

No. 40,949.— Henry V. Scatteroood, of Albany, N. Y. -^Improvement in Pessaries.-^
Patent dated December 15, 1863. — This consists of a frame of a general oblong shape, with
extensible side pieces, having legs on one part which slip into tubes in the other, the springs
in which latter give it an adjustable pressure against the parts around the head of the uterus,
which rests upon it

Claim. — TJie construction of a pessary in the form of a light, self-adjustable frame, con*
itructed substantially as described, to be applied externally to the uterus to raise and support
the same in the manner set forth in this specification.

No. 40,950.— Philip Schkuerhan, of Hancock, Houghton countv, Mich. — Improved
Apparatus for Washing Ores. — ^Patent dated December 15, 1863. — In this washer the water
is forced up through screens on which the ore or pulp is discharged from the stamp mill. The
improvement consists in the method of operating the plunger by the cam on the shaft, and in
the arrangement of the duplicate compartments, each provided with a screen, the metallic
substances on which are discharged by horizontal tubes, whose openings are near the screen.

C/atm.— First, the combinatiou of the shaft F, cam £, and yote D, with the plunger C, of
an ore washer, substantially as described.

Second, the two separate reservoirs A A, provided with screens, J J, in connexion with a
Bingle plunger, C, arranged, substantially as shown, to admit of the plunger forcing the
water simultaneously through both screens, for the purpose specified.

Third, the combination ofthe strip H and plates II with the plunger C and reservoirs A A,
operating as a guide to the said plunger, and a partition between the reservoirs, all as herein
shown and described.

Fourth, the tubes K, provided with openings, i, in their under sides, in close proximity to
the screens, and conmiunicating with chambers, L, at the end of the screens, opposite to the
ends on which the ore or pulp is admitted, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 40,951. — Silas A. Scopield and Erastus Churchill, of Morenci, Lenawee county,
Mich. — Improvement in Machines for making Sheet-metal Eave Troughs. — Patent dated De-
cember 15, 1863. — This machine is for making sheet-metal semi-cylindrical eave troughs by
the rotation of a head bendiuj^ the metal around a cylindrical former after the sheets have
been soldered together. The tormer is of a wedge shape, so as to bend the sheet metal by a
saccession of motions of the head while the piece is moved along intermittently.

Claim. — First, a stationary supporting bed. A, with a stationary circular "former" con-
structed on one of its ed^ so as to stand entirely above the base of the bed, in combination
with a recess, a, of the torm and located substantially as described.

Second, the combination of the stationary bed A, circular former B, and the recess a, with
the vibrating head C D, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Third, the wedge-shaped clamping piece D between the circular former B and the shoulder
of the head C, when constructed ana arranged substantially in the manner and for the purpose
described.

H. Ex. Doc. 60 63 ^

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83i4 ANNUAL R£POBT OP THE

Fonrth, so suppljiDg^ a wedge^haped clamping piece, D, to a head, C, tliat bj i
lating a lever the pressure of the wedge maj be maintained, and also the vibration of t^
head produced, substantially as describ^.

Fifth, the bent arms dd^'m combination with a swinging head damp, D, and reoesaed bed
and former, A B a, substantially as and for the purpose dmcribed.

No. 40,952.— Charles A. Shaw, of Biddeford, York county, Me.^Impravemeni tn B oH i m -—
Patent dated December 15, 1863. — ^Tbe groove between the boss uid the conical end is for the
purpose of fastening the end of the thref^l in starting up the frame. The conical ends adoit
of the building up o? the thread or yam on to the bobbin to make it hold more. The boos aeti
as a gauge for the fingers in holaing the bobbin to fiisten the thread, and fonns one sidd or
angle of Uie groove in which the end of the thread is fastened.

Claim. — A bobbin substantially such as described, combining in one and the same articte
the grooves o o, bosses //, and conical or cone-shaped ends mmgg; and this I cl^m whether
the said ends are cut out or sunk on their outside faces in the manner described or not.

No. 40,95.3.— J. F. Shedden, of Viola, Mercer coun^, C&i.—Impraved Process far iZe^Mtf
Sorghum Sirup,— PaJtmi dated December 15, 1863.— To twenty gallons of the cold symp add
one pound of saleratus. The efiect is to sweeten and clarify the soured simp.

Claim, — ^The process herein described of treating cold simps with saleratus, in the maimw
described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 40,954.— J. F. Shedden, of Viola, Mercer county, Ca\.— Improved Process of Mnm-
facturing Sugar from Sorghum, — Patent dated December 15, 1863. — The cold sirap is treated
with saleratus or other alkali, which causes it to granulate. The proportion is one pound of
the latter to twenty gallons of the former.

Claim, — ^Tbe process herein described of treating sorghum sirap, when cold, with aakrata^
or its equivalent, in the manner and proportions herein set forth and described.

No. 40,955.— Cancelled.

No. 40,956.— Isaac D. Small, of North Fairfield, Huron county, Ohho.-^In^^rovetmemt ta
Artificial Legs. — Patent dated December 15, 1863.— The lower limb is hinged at the knee
and ankle to the thigh-and foot, and the two latter are connected by a cord which passes over
rollers, and is made elastic b^ the interposition of a spring. The spring 8 gives fleznre to
the knee joint when the le^ is lifted.

Claim, — First, the combmation with the kQee and ankle joints, constmcted as described,
of the cords C and £, spiral spring D, and pulleys L and M, arranged, attached, and opendn|f
as and for the purpose specined.

Second, the sprmg S, when constmcted, applied, and operating as set forth.

No. 40,957. — Alba F. Smith, of Norwich, New London county. Conn. — ImpnmemsmJt im
Railroad Car TriMrA*.— Patent dated December 15, 1863. — ^The novelty is in the parts whkk
take the place of the ordinary long suspension links. The link is rigidly secured to the fixed
bearing beams of the truck, and short suspension links are jointed to the lower end thoeof
by pins m, so that while the height of the swing beam is the same as with the ordinary loag
suspension links, and the space for the springs and the elevation of the swinging bolster the
same as usual, the radius of suspension is contracted.

Claim, — First, suspending the car to the tmck by freely-swinging links of so short radios
that the gravity of the parts alone will effectively sustain the lateral motion at high velocities,
substantial iv as herein set forth.

Second, the employment of the within-described fixed straps M, swinging suspending links
N, joint m, and bars a 6, or their respective equivalents, arranged substantially as uiown,
whereby the vertical strain is borne by the top of the bearing beam A and base of the swin?
beam B as usual, and a shorter radius of lateral motion secured with the advantage specified

No. 40,958,— Daniel E. Somes, of Washington, D. Q,—hKprovemeiiU in ProjectiUs for
Ordnance, — ^Patent dated December 15, 186!<.— The rifling in Utid piece is deeper towards the
rear ; the projectile has slots occupied by wing-shaped blo^s, which fit tightly against the
bottom of the rifling under the pressure of springs in the grooves, which are compressed
more and more as the projectile approaches the muzzle.

Claim, — First, restraining a ball or projectile in a gun on its outward passage by means
of friction till the powder shall have time to bum sad the maximum or any desired amount
of its power developed, substantially in the manner described.

Second, a projectile with mortices, dddd^ and pieces, ffff springs, n «, and cap, n, made
and used substantially as described.

No. 40,959.— A. J. Sparks, of Wyanet, Bureau county, JW,—hnprovemeni in Cultiuttors,—
Patent dated December 15, 1863.— The levers by which the ploughs receive their vertical and
Jateial deflection are jointed together by a segment rod and slot; the plough beams are sns-



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 835

pended at two points, one from each section of the lever, the beanis being supported clear of
the soil, when desired, bj staple and hook, the latter depending from the axle.

Claim. — First, the two levers G G' connected together by a joint formed of the slotted
plate g and segment rod i, and attached to the plough beams H H, substantially as showuf
to admit of a ready lateral movement of the same as well as the ready elevating of the ploughs
above the surface of the earth, as set forth.

Second, the suspenduig of the plough beams H H from the frame A by means of the up-
right bars J J and incline bars p, provided with rollers, 8 o, at their upper ends, which work
on suitable ways or guides, substantially an set forth.

Third, the hooks M on the plough beams H, m connexion with the pendant hook projections
N on the frame A, when said parts are used in combination with laterally ftioviug plough
beams, for the purpose speciflea.

No. 40,960.— J. W. Stiles, of New York, N. Y.— /mprorerf Hoop Skirt fFJre.— Patent
dated December 15, 1863. — The steel wire is covered with a less corrodable metal by plating,
electrotyping, or other means ; the object is to avoid rusting when wet or while cleansing
and drying the cotton covering.

Claim. — A steel hoop for ladies* hoop skirts, covered with one or more metals by plating,
electrotyping, or in tb*? moist way or other equivalent means, the hoops may then or may not
be covered with cotton or other textile fabric, whereby I produce a more elegant» clMnly,
and cleansable hoop for ladies* hoop skirts.

No. 40, 961.— U. S. SUKDERLAND, of Highgato, Franklin county, Yt.-^ Improvwient iu
Fidd Rollers. — Patent daied December 15, J8d3. — ^The improvement consists in tho method
of supporting the gudgeons of the inner ends of the rollers upon gudgeon pins, attached to a
bar wnich extends between the rollers, and ia attached to the front and rear frame of the
machine. The gudgeons are attached to the ends of the rollers by projecting pina on the
anus, and the pins on the gudgeon bar sets into their central orifice and comes against the
shoulder.

Claim. —The gudgeon cross-bar P, when provided with the single attaching flanches pj»,
projecting in opposite directions in combination witb the shouldered gudgeons M M, and box
enlargement L L, extending over them in the manner and for the purpose herein set tbrtb.

No. 40, 962.— Charles M. SwaneT, of Philadelphia, Term.— Improvement in Machine
for Measuring C/oM.— Patent dated December 15, 1863. — The revolutions of the measuring
wheel are registered by the motion of an index attached to a nut which traverses on the
screw shaft of the wheel ; the graduated plates are atta(?hed to the bearings of the wheel and
the motion of the latter is arrested by the toothed pawl, which engages with the suiibce ot
the wheel when it is lifted thereto.

Claim. — The drum B, provided with the screw shaft C, and nut D, in combination with
the graduated plates bb^ one or both, pressure roller £, and the lever or pawl J, and ratchet
or milled wheel I, or their equivalents, all arranged to operate substantially as and for the
purpose herein set forth.

No. 40,963.— C. F. and J. W. Tillbian, of La Crosse, Wisconsin— /mproperf Spring for
Fvrmltire.— Patent dated December 15, 1863.— The sprm^ is secured uprightly, beinp coiled
around an axial piston, which is fastened to the heaa which rests on the spring, and works
at its lower end in a tubular socket ; the upward vibration of said spring being limited by a
pin which is adjustable in the said piston, according to the weights intended to be sustained
with a given deflection.

Claim. — The stem D, provided with an adjustable pin A, in combination with the cap C,
buttons (if spring A, and slat B, all constructed and operating in the maimer and for the
purpose herein snown and described.

No. 40, 964.— Hiram Tucker, of Newton, Middlesex county, 'Mass.— Improved Process
of Bronzing or Coloring Iron. — Patent dated December 15, 1863. — ^The iron is cleaned, pol-
ished, coated with lins^ oil, and heated until the required tint is developed.

Claim. — The process of bronzing iron substantictUy as described.

No. 40, 965.— BoscoE G. Turner and H. Stone, of Dedham, Norfolk county, Mass.—
Improved mod€ of Chanpng Motion. — Patent dated December 15, 1863. — The rack which has
the reciprocating rectihnear movement gears into two pinions on two shafts, on which latter
are two wheels whose teeth engage with each other, each pinion is furnished with a catch,
operating in connexion with a cam so as, by the forward motion of the rack, to move the
larger rearmost geai* from the revolution of its own pinion, and by the backward of the rack,
to move it in the same direction through the interposition of the foremost pinion and gear.

Claim. — The above described combination for obtaining a continuous rotary from a
reciprocating rectilinear movement, the same consisting of the rack K, the two engaging
gears D £, and the rack gears H 1, and the cams F G, and spring catches L M, or their
mechanical equivalents, arranged and applied to two shafts A B, substantially in manner
f ^ so as to co-operate as hareiubeibre specified. ,

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836 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 40, 966.— JOHK Van Dyke, of Cram Elbow, Dutchess coantr, K. T.— iw^nireiiiiil
tft Car Coupling — Patent dated December 15, 1863. — ^The shackle head comes a^inst the
inclined faces of the jaws and spreads them apart until it slips behind the projections, when
it is retained. The jaws are actuated towards each other bj springs and move yerticaUj is
guides, being pivoted at their rear ends, and opened when requirod by the revohition of t
cam, which spreads them.

Claim. — The arrangement of the cam F, Jaws B, and springs C, with the guides DD,
head A, and shackle £, in the manner herein shown and describe.

No. 40,^^.— Aarow Van Quysuno, of North Greenbush, Rensselaer county, N. T.-
hnjmnemeHt in Tools for FasUning Boiler Tubes. — Patent dated December 15, 1863.—
This is an improvement on Prosser^s patent of April 17, 1849, in respect to the slotted sleen,
which forms the ^ide for the segmental expanders, and which is provided with a handle, so
that after the corneal mandrel has been inserted the tool can be turned in the inside of the
tube, so as to operate on all parts of its inner periphery and keep it free of wrinkles.

Claim. — First, the ^plication of the handle F, to the sleeve A, to operaie in combination
with the segmental expanders D, and conical mandrel 0, in the manner and for the pinpoii
substantialTj as described.

Second, so arranging the segmental expanders D, in relation to each other and to the skere
A, that the same, when not expanded, leave no g^ps between their adjoining edm, ind
when expanded thej embrace the largest possible piurt of the inner euxhce of the t<u>e as set
forth.

No. 40,968.— Richard Vose, of New York, N. Y.—Inmravsmeni in Cot^ning the esh
of Elliptic Springs. — Patent dated December 15, 1863. — These elliptic springs are combined
with supplementary plates which act by lateral tension, and the improvement consists in the
method of combining and securing the several bearing and tension plates which form the
entire spring. The main feature consists in the use of hollow caps to retain the ends of the
spring plates.

Cltnm. — The combination of curved tension-spring plates with elastic bearing plates in the
construction of a tension-elliptic spring, when said tension plates are s6lf-retained in thor

E roper positions, and left free to expand, independently oteach other, substantiallj •• ii
erein set forth and described.

Also, the use of hollow-end caps to retain and secure the ends of the elastic plates, insa
elliptical or semi-elliptical tension pUte spnng, substantiallj in the manner and for the pur-
pose herein set forth.

No. 40,969.— Martin Weaver, of Millersburg, Dauphin county, Pa.— /w/ffwrf
Shingle Machine.— Faient issued December 15, 1863; antedated December 1, 1863.— The
bolts are secured in gauge blocks on an endless chain which traverses around a cential
elliptical guide, on eacu side of which thej are presented to the saw from which the shinglei
are removed bj the lifting plate and roller and laid upon the table.

Claim. — First, the combination of the horizontal circular saw C, adapted to cut on both
sides of the horizontal endless chain £, and gauge blocks K, all arranged and operating u
herein set forth.

Second, the combination of the tables N N' with the rollers M M', endless chain F, gan^
blocks K E', and double-acting saw C, all constructed and operating as described.

No. 40,970.— Samuel Weaver, of Gettysburgh, Adams county, Pa. — Portable Pktis-
graphic OaUery.—Ffiteiit dated December 15,1863. — The sides are made with horizontal
elongated bars attached to the bottom and near the ends, sliding between friction rollers in
boxes secured to joists under the floor ; extension bars are also provided undemetth the
ceiling joists, and the gallery is extended by pulling out the sides to the length of the bars.

Claim. — The enlargement of a portable daguerrean gallery or house, bv means cf the
elongated sliding bars C, friction roller boxes D, movable slides #, and friction rollers E, u
arranged, and operating substantially in the manner herein spedned.

No. 40,971.— Amos H. Wellington, of Woodstock, Windsor county, YL—Imprevemeat
in Vegetahle Cu/ter*.— Patent dated December 15, 1863. — The hopper is an inverted firastum
of a cone, and its cross*bar supporting the shaft is provided with knives, which cut (he not
or fruit brought against them by the rotation of the cutter, which consists of conical frostmn
with orifices provided with projecting cutting edges, so as to discharge the cut piece into the
interior of the hollow cone.

Claim, — An improved machine, or combination and arrangement of the vertical conical
hopper B, the two detainers or cutting-board L L, and a vertical hollow cone or frustom C
provided with knives having throats opening into the interior space or chamber of the «sia
cone or frustum, the whole &ing substantially as and for the purpose and to operate as heir
inbefore specified.

No. 40,972.— Gilbert D. Whitmore, of Boston, Ujbm,— Improvement in Skntter Fsit'
ei•t^^s.— Patent dated December 15, 186;*.— The tubular bolt case is joined to a flat plate •!•



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 337

t^hed to the inner surface of the lower bar of the blind. A spring in the case presses Uie
bolt downward ; inclined slots are in the bolt case, and the rods of the handle, which are at-
tached to the said bolt, slide therein. Such motion raises the bolt from its engagement with
the catch on the window sill.

Claim.— The aboye-ex^lained improved blind fastener, havinff a handle £ and two or any
othei suitable number of inclined cam slots e e made and applied together, and arranged with,
resnect to a spring bolt A and its case B substantially in manner and so as to operate there-
witn, and wiui catches F H disposed as specified.

No. 40,973. — ^Erastus Wilcox, of Delhi, Delaware county, Iowa. — Improvement in Cul"
tivaton, — ^Patent dated December 15, 1863. — ^The forward part of the cultivator is supported
on wheels, being adjustable as to height in the vertical posts. The shovels are on the ends
of two sets of inclined stocks, and are oontrolled by the nandles.

Claim, — The combination and arrangement of the frame A A B B, bars D D, and adjust-
able standards F F, wheels H H, inclined bars 1 1 and J J, stands N N and T T, bars L and
M, handles J' J', shovel stocks Q and Y, with cultivating shovels S and X, the whole con-
structed as described.

No. 40,974. — William Winter, of Plainfield, Union countv, N. J. — Improvement in Fan
Blotoera. — ^Patent dated December 15, kJ63. — ^The shaft, with its triangular wiui^, rotates in
a double conical chamber, receiving the air at the central portion and discharging it into an
annular space, which collects and conducts it to the exit pipe.

Claim. — ^The annular idr^hamber d and double conical cavity a, with central apertures/.
In combination with triangular rotary wings B, constructed and operating substantially as
and for the purpose shown and descnbed.

No. 40,975.— Robert Wood, of Philadelphia, VA,^Im»rovement in Cast-Iron Building
Pieces. — Patent dated December 15, 1863. — ^The cast-iron shells have projcctioud and holes,
by which the adjacent pieces are locked together.

Claim, — Building pieces, consisting of hollow cast-iron shells, having projections and
holes arranged subStantially as and for the purpose herein set forth. '

No. 40,976.— W. M. Baker, of Walpole, Hancock county, Ind., assignor to Himself
and W. R. Heath. — Improved Refrigerator. — Patent dated December 15, 1833. — The ob-
ject of this improvement is to supply ue interior of the refrigerator with cold, dry air and to
carry off from within all smells, vapor, and impurities. This is accomplished by a pipe
leadmg from the outer air to the ice-chamber, &«., from whence, afrer peneti'ating the in-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 152 of 164)