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Third, the hinged or folding plate C employed in connexion with the clamps A, substantially
in the manner described.

Fourth, the cuttm^ or roughening plate E, constructed and operating substantially as and
ior the purposes set lorth.

No. 1,383.— James Wilson, Charles Green, and William Wilson, jr., of Wilming-
ton, Del. — Improvement in Construction of Poioder Kegs. — Patent dated July 12, 1859 ; reis-
sued January 6, 1863.

Claim. — Making one or both heads of the kegs with the shoulder n and flange m, and
using a mandrel upon said shoulder n in order to seam one or both heads to the keg.

No. 1,384.— John Young, of West Galway, N. Y. —Improved Washing and Wringing Ma-
cAtiU;.— Patent dated September 19, 1848 ; reissued July 30, 1861, and extended ; again re-
issued January 6, 1863.

Claim. — ^Tbe pressure rollers in combination with the hinged platform, operating as de-
scribed for the purpose set forth.

Second, the conical rollers for producing a rubbing as well as a squeezing action upon the
clothes, as described. i



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852 ANNUAL REPOET OP THE

No. 1,385.— John Young, of West Galway, N. Y, ^Improved Washing and Wringing .
cAtwc— Patent dated September 19, 1848 ; reissued July 30, 1861 and extended; again
sued January 6, 1863.

Claim. — The application of India-rubber or other clastic gum impervious to water, sub-
stantially in the manner and for the purposes described, to the rolls of machines for wafibing
»and squeezing clothes.

No. 1,386.— M. W. House, of Cleveland, Ohio.— /mprw?ed Electric Bo^.— Patent daxed
February 18, 1860; reissued January 13, 1863.

Claim. — First, the combination of the tray h h with the longitudinal insulator J, for the
■purpose described.

Second, the combination of the tray h 6, or its equivalent, with the head-plate c, whereby
tlio quantity of electricity may be regulated, substantially as and for the puipose described.

Third, the travelling movable poles or electrodes c c', working on Skrmafff or their equiv-
alents, when those aims are movable, substantially as described.

Fourth, the movable poles e e', with the sponges d d, when arranged in such a manntr
that they can be freely changed or rotated on all sides of the patient, except as limited by the
support J, causing the electric current to pass in any given dhection through any part of the
patient's body, in the way substantially as above set forth.

No. 1,387.— Alexander Frey, of New York, N. Y.—/m/m>ce<fLo<M».— Patent dated 3ilay
7, 1801; reissued January 20, 1863.

Claim. — ^First, the arrangement of the plate a carrying the spools or cobs in combinatioci
with thread-guides and with tho let-off rollers of a loom, constructed and operating substan-
tially as and for the purpose herein shown and described.

Second, the combination of the plate a with the guide plate b applied to the loom, snbstaa-
tialJy in the manner and for the purpose specified.

Third, the aiTangement of the rollers d a and g g, two or more at the front and two or moie
at the rear of a loom, connected together by au endless chain, or its equivalent, or without
such, and causing the waip threads and tho fabric to progress regularly through the loom af
the weaving is performed, substantially in the manner nerein set forth.

Fourth, tlie arrangement of the drivers t and levers «, acted upon by the cams 10, substan-
tially in the manner and lor the pni-poses specified.

No. 1,388.— J. G. Wilson, of New York city, assignee of W. H. Akins and J. D. Felt-
HOUSEN, of Ithaca, N. Y. — Improved Sewing Madune. — Patent dated August 5, 1851; rea
sued January i^O, iSQ'X

Claim, — First, the employment, in combination with a reciprocating needle and a flat
surface which supports tho material to bo sewed, of a rotating toothed-feeding whcc-1, or
• other equivalent feeding device, to which the cloth is not attached, and a holder whjch
holds the material against the said Ifeoding device, with a yielding pressure, substantially as
and for iho purposes herein specified.

Second, the combination of a toothed feed wheel, or its equivalent, with a driving appa-
ratus which provides for its operation to feed the material to be sewed either from right to
left, or vice versa^ and to revei"se the direction of the teed williout stopping the machine, sub-
stantially MS and for the purpose herein described.

Third, the above-descnbod devices for effecting and controlling the relative movements of
the needle and shuttle, whereby tho shuttle enters between the needle and its thread while
the needle is arrested after a short retrograde movement, substantially as and for the purpose
herein specified.

Fourth, tlui employment, in a sewing machine, of a table which presents a surface for
the suppoit of the mate.lal to be sewed on every side of or all around the needle in combi-
nation with a feeding device, substantially as herein described.

Fitth, the circular rest wj, applied in front of the machine, substantially as described, for
the pui-poso of supporting and affording convenience for sewing the articles of circular or
tubular lorm, as herein set forth.

Sixth, bringing up the needle, after the stitch is formed, hy a spring f, or its equivalent,
operating substantially as heroiu described, for the pmposc ot tightening up the stitch afier
the manner of hand-sewing.

Sever. th, producing friction upon or griping the needle thread between the seam and the
bobbin or spool from which the said thread is supplied, by means of tho spnng and catch,
or its equivalent, substantially as and for the purposes herein specified.

Fightb, in a sewing machmo, feeding the cloth or other substance to determine the space
between the stitches by the friction of the surface of the periphery of the feed-wheel or any
equ'.valont feeding device, substantially as specified, in combination with a spring-pressore
piate or pad which gripes the cloth or Other 'substance against such feeding surface, substan-
tially as specified and lor the pni'pose set forth.

Kinth, picjictiug the operative part of the sUiface of the feeding apparatus, through the
surface of iho table, substantially as described, so that such feeding surface may act on «
portion of the under surface of the material to give tho required feeding motion, to space tho



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS 853

Btitches, while the other portions of said material slide on the table, which answers the pnr-
pose of freeing the said ujaterial from the feeding surface, and to cover and protect the
parts of the feeding device which are below the tabie.

Tenth, also ihe combination of the mechanism, substantially such as is herein described,
so that the cloth or other matenal to be sewed being placed upon the machine under the

Eressure-pad will be automatically carried forward to receive the stitches, substantially as
erein described, and so that seams of any desired length may be conveniently sewed into
curves or figures at the will of the operator.

No. 1,389.— N. O. Hawxhurst, of Manat HJll, N. Y., assignor to William Comdb, of
New York city. — Improved IVooden Sieve for Gaa Furors. — Patent dated October 21, ld62;
reissued January 27, 1863.

Claim. — A wooden gratmg made with apertures between the bars thereof, expanding
dowuw.nrd, in lime purifiers of gas works, constructed substantially as and for the purposes
set forth.

No. 1,390.— Charles A. Miller, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignee of W. S. Kirkham, of
Branford, Conn. — Improved Lock and Latch.— F^teni dated June 11, 1^61; reissued Jan-
nary 27, 1863. »

Claim. — First, so dividing the hub or follower and so combining the same with a reversi-
ble latch, that the arms, or their equivalents, of the divided hub or follower may be released
for the purpose of allowing the latch to be reversed or turned.

Second, so coDstructing and arranging the individual parts of a divided hub or follower,
that the reversal or turning of the latch is prevented only by the pfeseuce of the spindle
within the lock.

No. 1,391.— Noah E. Hale, of Nashua, N. U.— Improvement in Applying Pressure to Top
Rollers of Drawing Machines. — Patent dated November 8, 1859; reissue! February 4, 1863.

Claim. — Improved combination, or mechanism, for applying pressure to and relieving
from it the top rollers of one or more sets of drawing rollers, the said mechanism consisting
of one or more bars G, the lever J, the weight K, the liftmg lever L, the notched bar N, and
banger O, or their mechanical equivalent or equivalents, the whole being applied to the said
U)p rollers substaniially in manner and so as to operate therewith as described.

No. 1,392.— Casper Erogh and M. G. Hooness, of Kroghville, Wib.— Improved Mods
of Raising Sunken Vessels.— PAieui dated October 21, J 862; reissued February 4, 1863.

Claim. — First, the emnloyment of inflexible lifters applied outside of the vessel, when
arranged, constructed and operating substantially as and tor the purposes set forth.

Second, the employment of the flexible chambers inside the vessel for preventing damaged
vessels from sinking, when constructed and operated substantially as herein delineated and
described.

Third, the arrangement of the connexions of the air pipes for the admission of air into the
liiters at or near the bottoms thereof, substantially as and for the purposes herein delineated
and set forth.

Fourth, the weighted flexible pipes//, applied to the lifters, and operating substantially
as and for the purposes herein shown and described.

No. 1,393. (Div. A.)— Lewis Moore, of Ypsilanti, Mich., formerly of Bart, Pa.— /m-
proved Orain Drttf.— Patent dated April 18, 1848, and extended; reissued Februarpr 4, 1863,

Claim. — ^First, the box plates F^ employed to adjust a seeding cylinder or seeding cylin-
ders in respect to the hopper bottom or other suitable part of the machine, to regulate the
supply of grain, substantially as set forth.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the levers C, bars C P, and journals p, with ^
the hopper B, frame A, and suppOits g, for moving }he hopper and sowing cylinders in the *
arc of a circle, substantially as und for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combination of the chains O with ihe tubes L and bar C of tlie hopper-fraino,
by which the tubes are raised or lowered simultaneously with the turning of the hopper on
its axis, as described. ?

No. 1,394. (Div. B.V— Lewis Moore, of Ypsilanti, Mich., formerly of Bart, Pa.— /m-
proved Grain Drill. — Patent dated April 18, 1848, and extended; reissued February 4, 1863.

Claim. — First, a drill tooth piovided with one or more flanges near its upper end, by
means of which it is both pivoted and braced to the drag bar in such a manner as to dispense
with the use of a separate orace bar or its equivalent.

Second, bracing a pivoted drill tooth to its drag bar by means of a wooden pin held within
or acainst a flange or projection upon the tooth and adapted to break in the event of the said
tooth striking an immovable obstacle.

Third, attaching the curved plate or nosing L' to the front of the drill tooth by means of
ft dovetail overlapping the top of the said nosing and a screw or rivet lower down.

No. 1,395. (Div. C.)— Lewis Moore, of Ypsilanti, Mich., formerly of Bart, Pa.— im-
prgved Grain Drill.— Pt^Unt dated April 18, 1848, and extended ; reissued February 4, 1863«



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854 ANNUAL EEPOET OF THE

Claim. — Tlie combination of the adjustable perforated gauge plate 0, with two or more
holes or series of boles of different capacity when the said gauge plate is so arranged as to
cut off the flow of seed from one capacity of opening and transfer it to another, sabstantiailjr
as herein set forth.

No. 1,396.— John F. Townsend, of Westfield, N. Y., and P. P. Pratt, of Buffalo, N.
T., assignees of said J. F. ToWnsend. — Improved Butt Hinge, — Patent dated November 4,
18(»2; reissued February 4, J 863.

Claim, — The base, or sustaining portion A, of the hinge, consisting of the leaf A, projecting
radially or centrally from the knucKle e and pin /, and having screw holes i i countersunk
on each side thereof, the whole arranged and operating substantially as described, and for
the purpose herein set forth.

Also, in combination with the base piece A, thus formed, the movable piece B, with its
leaf projecting tan^entially from the socket, in such a manner that, by inverting it, it is
adapted to right and left use, aa herein specified.

No. 1,397.— John G. Tread well and Willl\m Hailes, assignors to William Hailes
and Ellen T. Treadwell, of Albany, N. Y.— Improved 5fope.— Patent dated May 7,
18(51 ; reissued February 4, 1863.

Claim, — First, a base-buming-coal-supply-reservoir stove, or fiimace, so constructed thst
the products of combustion do not pass up around and above the supply reservoirs Dor up
through the erate, but down outBide of the fire-pot, toward the base of the stove aud out
through a mam draught flue which leads directly from a space or chamber about the lower
part of the stove, all for the purpose set forth, and substantially as described.

Second, the contracting of the discharge end of the coal-supply reservoir, the expanding of
the fire-pot and the extending of the flame passage downward, for united operation in a base-
buminff-coal-supply-reservoir stove or furnace, essentially as set forth.

Third, a fire-pot resting on a base, and imperforated on its inner or outer circumference,
or frofti its inner to its outer circumference, and so constructed and applied with respect to a
coal-snpplv reservoir that an enclosed* horizontal chamber for the free expansion and circu-
lation of the flame and gases is foimed all around and outside of the contracted discharge,
and above the upper edge of the fire-pot, substantially as and for the purpose set torch.

Fourth, the descending passage or passages in combination with the continuous flame
expansion and circulation passage, and a mam draught flue leading out of the base or lower
part of the stove or furnace, substantially as set forth and for the purpose descnbed.

Fifth, constructing the tire-pot of a base-buming-coal-supply-reservoir stove or furnace,
with an imperforated circiunfei-ence, and in form of a trumpet-mouth at its upper portion, in
combination with descending flame passages, substantially as described, and lor the purpose
set forth.

Sixth, constructing the metal of the fire-pot, with a gradually decreasing thickness from
th6 centre of its depth, both up and downward, substantially as described.

Seventh, a detachable ring m combination with a fixed nng flanch of a eoal-supply reser*
voir, for the purpose of confining the fire-brick or other fire-proof substance, on the lower
part of the reservoir.

Eighth, the combination of a perforated jacket or casing, a coal-supply reservoir with a
contracted discharge, a fire-pot with a flame-expansion chamber around and above its upper
edge, and a descendiiig flue or flues and a main draught flue, substantially as and for the pur-
pose described.

Ninth, the combination, in a base-buming-coal-supply-reservoir stove, of a descending
flue or flues and a perforated casing, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Tenth, in a base-bnming-coal-:iupply-reservoir stove or fiimace, a branch flue opened
*and closed by a damper above the base of the fire-pot, in combination with a descendmg
passage or passages leading to the lower part of the stove, and with the main draught
flue leading out of the lower part -of the stove, substantially as and for the purposes set
forth.

Eleventh, the weight constructed and applied in connexion with the damper^valve in the
manner and for the purpose set forth.

Twelfth, the combination of the perforated jacket or case, the reservoir for coal, the fire-
pot, the descending flue or flues, the hollow ^pace about the base of the stove and the chim-
ney flue, whereby the base of the stove is heated by direct heat of the flame or gases, and
the upper part oi the stove by radiated heat acting upon the circulating air, substantially u
described.

No. 1,393. — Gail Borden, jr., of Amenia, N. Y. — Improvement in Concentrating and Pft-
serving MUk. — Patent dated August 19, 18o6 ; reissued May 13, 1862 ; again reissued Feb-
ruary 10, 1863. •

Claim, — First, the within-described process, or method of operation, for concentrating and
preseiTing milk^ by means of coagulatmg and rearran^ng the ^buminous particle, in com-
Dination with the evaporation of tho fluia, in vacuoj siibstantially as set forth.

Second, the preparatory coag^ulating and rearranging of the albumen, when this is dona
a« a part of the operation of mwng concentrated or condensed mUk.



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COMmSSIONER OF PATENTS. 855

Ko. 1,399.— W. N. Clark, of Chester, C<mn,^Jmproted Elastic Door Oicanf.— Patent
dated November 17, 1867; reissued February 10, 1863.

Claim,— The aboye-described India-rubber or elastic rum guard, when held in place by
the escutcheon, or its equivalent, as herein de^ribed, ror the purpose of protecting wall,
doors, and furniture, substantially as set forth.

No. 1,400. - Warren Hale, Allen Goodman, Lorenzo Hale, and J. W. Goodman,
of North Dana, Mass., assignees of said Warren Hale and Allen Goodman. — improve^
ment in Machine for Shaping hrepUar Surfaces in Ifood.— Patent dated July 22, 1845, and
extended; reissued February 10, 1863.

Claim. — ^The combination of the carriage, the pattern or patterns, the tracing roller or
rollers, the rotating cutting or planing cyunder, and the means for turning or holding the
block of wood to he fieishioned, as described, or the eauivalents of them, or either of them ;
the said combination being so organized, substantially as described, that by its mode of
operation the block of wood to be fashioned can be tuined to present in succession each of
its faces to the action, of the cutter or planing cylinder, whose axis is at right anfi^les, or
nearly so, with the axis of the block of wood, so as to cut the wood longitudinally, while by
a longitudinal movement the block of wood is gradually cut or planed from one end to tlie
other on each face in succession, and by another movement at rignt angles thereto, or nearly
80, the cutting action is caused to follow the irregular lines of the pattern, thereby producing
a polygon of any desired number of sides of any desired configuration longitudinally and
with aS its sides of similar form.

No. 1,401. — Christian Shunk, of Canton, Ohio. — Improvement in R^ning honbff means
of Blasts of ilir.— Patent dated May 17, 1859; reissued February 10, 1863.

Claim, — ^First, blowing atmospheric air into and through a mass of molten crude iron from
the ore, or from tho remelted pig iron, to commingle the gases of the air with the particles of
the fluid iron and its carbon, for the purpose of decarbonizing and converting the same into
refined iron or steel, and malleable semi-steel, without the use of fuel to keep up combustion,
such conversion being effected by the gaseous matter of the atmosphere.

Second, imparting a rotary or spiral motion to the molten iron, by or during the introduc-
tion of the air-blast, substantially as set forth.

Third, the application of tho flux or solvent in the manner and for the purpose herein
described during the amospheric refining process.

No. 1,402. — Christian Shunk, of Canton, Ohio. — Improvement in R^nimg Iron. — ^Patent
dated July 12, 1859; reissued February 10, 1863.

Claim, — A separate or auxiliary refining pot or crucible, employed to receive molten iron
from a smelting or remelting furnace, and decarbonize the same by the application of an air
blast in any maimer, substantially as herein described, for the production of steel or refined
iron.

No. 1,403.— Addison SBfrrn and J. M. Satre, of New York city, assignees of P. W.
Mackenzie, of said New York city. — Improvement in Cupola and other Furnaces, — Patent
dated August 25, 1857; reissued February 10, 1863.

Claim. — First, a cupola of elongated form, in combination with curved sides, substantially
as described and for the purposes set forth.

Second, the arrangement of a continuous air chamber, in combination with a <5upola and
opening for the introduction of a continuous sheet of air to the fuel, substantially as described
and for the purposes set forth.

Third, in combination with a cupola provided with a continuous air chamber, substantially
as described, enlarging that part below the tweer« whereby the capacity of the cupola is
increased, and perrect drculation of air to the fuel obtained, substantially as described and
specified.

No. 1,404.— A J. and K. E. Storms, of Nyack, N. Y., assignees of E. P. Torrey and
W. B. TiLTON, of New York city,— Improved Door Spring,^F&iea% dated September 8, 1857 ;
reissued February 10, 1863.

Claim, — First, placing the notched wheel D between the jaws C of the bracket A, sub-
stantially as and for the purpose shown and described.

Second, extending the square end of the torsional rod F clear through the jaws of the
bracket A, as and for the purpose specified.

Third, the arrangement of the pivoted stop-plate E, in combination with the notches a in the
jaws of the bracket, and with the notched wheel D, all constructed and operating substantially
in the manner and for the pu^^pose set forth.

No. 1,405.— John Tebcple, W. M. Mills, and A. L. Stout, (assignees of said John
Temple,) of Mlddletown, Ohio.-^Improved Water fffteeZ.- Patent dated February 8, 1859;
reissued February 10, 1863.

Claim, — ^The construction and use of the scroll sluice-gate B C applied to operate with a
water wheel, in the maaanot substantially as described.



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856 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE '

Also, in combination with the hinged sluice-gate B C, the guard A, aa and for the purpoo
described.

Also, the levers E and ring J, centrally arranged above the sluice-chest, itor simultaneouslj
operating a series of ^ates in combination wth the gates, and actuated by mechanism sub*
stantiaUy as describea.



^fo. 1,406.— Thurlow Weed, of Albany, N. Y.; and P. 8. Shelton, of Boston, :
assignees of A. F Jaloureau, of Paris, France. — Improved Process of Manufaeturimg Wsut-
proof Cement Pt/re^.— Patent dated May 24, 1859; antedated December 30, 1857; iBissiied
February 10. 1863.

67am. -^The process of forming pipes or tubes of rolls of paper, or other tiiBsue, and
bituminous mastic, by drawing or passing the paper, or other tissue, torougfa the liquid mastie,
and rolling it up to the required thickness on a mandrel to cause the several windings and
the interposed mastic to unite, substantially as described.

Also, uiA forming of such pipes or tubes on a paper sleeve, or cylindrical tube fitted to the
outer surface of tne mandrel, substantially as described, by means of which the pipes w
tubes when made ean be readily slipped off f^om the mandrel, as set forth.

No. 1,407.— Thurlow Weed, of Albany, N. T., and P. 8. 8HELTOir, of Boston, MaN.,
assignees of A. F. Jaloureau, of Paris, France. — Improved Water amd Air-proof Pipes
from Bituminous Cement, — Patent daced May 24, 18&9; antedated December 2M), 18S7; re-
issued February 10, 1863.

Claim. — ^The new manufacture of pipes or tubes composed of several thicknesses of paper,
or other. tissue, "rolled up and the several thicknesses or windings united by intoposed
bituminous mastic, substantially as described.



No. 1,408.— Thurlow Weed, of Albany, N. Y., and P. 8. 8heltok, of Boston, ]
assig^nees of A. F. Jaloureau, of Paris, France. — Improved Process of Mant^acturimg WMter-
proof Cement Ptpes.— Patent dated May 24, 1859; antedated December 30, 1857; reissued
February 10, 1863.

Claim. — First, the mandrel on which the pipe is formed by winding, in combination with
the kettle or other vessel containing the liquid mastic or cement, and the cylinder on wh:cb
the mandrel rolls, and which carries the paper, or other tissue, through the liquid mastic or
cement and up to the mandrel, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the rotating mandrel and cvlinder on which it rolls, in combination with the
movable sleeve put on the mandrel, substantially as and for the purpose of preventing the
pipes, when formed, firom adhering to the mandrel.

Third, the combination ot the rotating mandrel, the cylinder on which the mandrel rotates,
the kettle or other vessel for containing the liquid mastic or cement, and the guide or equiva-



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 156 of 164)