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lent means for guiding the sheet of paper, or other tissue, substantially as described.

No. 1,409.-0. J. Kingsbury, of Rochester, N. Y.—hnprooed Coal ^tooe.~Patent dated
April 12, 1859: reissued February 17, 1863.

Claim, — First, the introduction of a second supply of air into the flame space or spaces, st
or near the junction of the fire-pot B and cap Or, and at or near the point where the gai
escapes from the combustion of the coal, for the purpose of igniting the same, in oombinatioQ
with an interior feeding chamber, substantially as herein set forth.

Second, the annular groove /at the base of the feeding chamber, connected with an outer
passage or passages for the admission of air to that point, arranged and operating sobstantialJy
as herein descril:^ and set forth.

Thirds providing, in connexion with the annular flroove/, the radial ffroovea ee between
the top of the fire-pot and the cap resting thereon, and communicating wiUi the outside air by
passages d d, the said grooves being provided with the lateral notches i t i, opening into m
flame space or spaces £ E, for the mtroduction of fur for admixture with the gases, snb-
stantialtv as herein specified.

Fourth, the cap G, or its equivalent, forming a connexion between the fire-pot and fieedinf
cylinder, when it conforms to the upper portion of the fire-pot, and external air is admitted
underneath for the combustion of the gases, as herein set forth.

Fifth, the arrangement of the pivoted door N with the lower portion extended to form a
plane, in combination with the flange F, for safely supplying coal to the cylinder H when
open, and leaving a space for the passage of the products of combustion when closed, sub*
stantially as set torth.

Sixth, in combination with the supply cylinder H and fire-pot, the flue pipe I, connected at
the bottom with the ash chamber, in such a manner that when the passage of the pipe is open
it allows the escape of the heat through the same, thereby giving a counter direction to the
tire, preventing it from extending into tha supply chamber, substantially as set forth.

No. 1,410.— Edward Lindner, of New York c\iy,^Improvemeni in Bamding ProjeetiUs
for Rifled Ordnance. (Div. 1, A.) - Patent dated July 30, 1861 ; reissued February 17, 1S63.

Claim. — First, the method, substantially as herein described, of applying the malleable
envelope or packing, first by casting it around and against the annular cavitr n (Im bodyaf

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COHMISSIOKEB OF PATENTS. 857

the projectile, and then expanding it by atmospheric or otiier pressure against the sides or
interior suriaco of a finishing or forming mould or box.

Second, the method of securing the knit sleeve in or around the body of the projectile, sub-
stantialij as described.

No. 1,411.— Edward Lindner, of New York city. — Improved Cartridge for SmaU'arms,
(Div. 2, B.)— Patent dated Julv- 30, 1861 ; reissued February 17, 1863.

Claim, — The stopper d introauced into the back end of the cartridge case, substantially as
and for the purposes specified.

No. 1,412.— E. A. TUTTLK, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improvement in Hot-air Regi8ter8.^Fa,tNit
dated January 3, 1854; reissued February 17, 1863.

C/aiift.-^So combining the connecting rod or arrangement which transmits motion to the
fans with the thumb-piece or attachment by which it is actuated, and with the fans them-
selves, that it shall rest and ride upon anti-friction bearings o o formed on the fans, substan-
tially as above described.

No. 1,413. — ^Allen Walton, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Apparatus for Mixing
0ase5.— Patent dated April 15, 1862; reissued February 17, 1863.

Claim. — A chamber or mixing reservoir C, so arranged as to intercept, for the purpose
herein described, the continuity or uniform diameter of a distributing pipe, into which air and
gas are introduced in definite quantities, and through which they are directed from a meter
or meters to the burner.

No. 1,414.— Turner Williams and David Heaton, 2d, (assignees of said Turner
Williams,) of Providence, R. I. — Improved Mode of converting Reciprocating into Rotary
Motion, — Patent dated Septembers, le62; reissued February 17, 1863.

Claim, — First, the combination of two rocking disk plat^ or their equivalent, with two
fixed circular flanges upon a shaft, to be rotated substantially as herein specified.

Second, the use of two friction pawls, or their equivalent, for binding tue said disk plates
with the circular flanges at the proper time, by the rocking movement of the disk plates, and
otherwise operating substantially as herein specified ; and in combination with such friction
pawls, a projection n and set screw / upon the disk plate, or their equivalent, for controlling
the action of such friction pawls, substantially as herein specified.

Third, the combination ot the pair of curved connecting rods I J and the two disk plates E
S, or their equivalent, substantially as described, for the purpose specified.

Fourth, the useof a spring bufier orits equivalent, for arresting and limiting the movement
of the two friction pawls, substantially as and to eflect the purpose herein specified.

No. 1,415.— Samuel L. Crocker, of Taunton, Masa.— Improved Yellow Metal Nail or
Spike.— F&teni dated April 17, 1849; reissued August 1, 1854 ; reissued February 17, 1863.

Claim. — The new article of manulacture herein above described, viz : a yellow metal nail
or spike, made by the combined processes of heating the metal to redness, and in such state
cutting and heading it in a nail machine, and subsequently treating it substantially as de-
scribed; meaning bv the term yellow metal, a metal composed of copper and zinc, in the



proportions in wnicn thev are usually combined in the manufacture of the well-known
^'Muntz sheathing metah'^'

No. 1,416.— Levi L. Hill, of New York citj,^Improved Bmming FZtiui.— Patent dated
June 16, 1858; reissued February 24, 1863.

Claim. — First, the use of caoutchoucine for imparting grtater volatility as well as greater
stability to my compounds. It is to be distinctly understood that the use of caoutchoucine
only in combination with the liquids herein described is claimed.

Second, the liquids herein described as Nubian oils, A B C D, having the composition and
properties set forth, to be used singly or in such relative proportions and admixture as may
apjMar necessary to accomplish the purposes set forth.

Third, passing a current of atmosphenc air over or through the described mixtures or their
equivalents of hydro-carbons, fluid and more or less volatile, or rendered so by the mixture
or by the application of heat, and using the mixture of air and the vapors of the hydro-car*
bon for producing light or heat, or bot£

No. 1,417. — ^Levi L. Hill, of New York city. — Improvement in Carbwretting Air, — ^Patent
dated December 20. 1859; reissued February "ZA, 1863.

Claim. — ^First, cnarging air with hydro-carbon vapor by means of an apparatus composed
of a vaporizing vessel, bellows or blower, air receiver, induction and eduction pipe, in com-
bination with an independent air pipe, substantially as shown and described.

8ec<md, combining a current of atmospheric air direct fromi* bellows or blower, and capa-
ble of being regulated as to pressure and quantity, with another current of air that has been
passed over or through a more or less volatile hydro-carbon fluid, and utilizing by combus-
tion the mixture of air and hydro-carbon vapors thus formed for generating light or heat or
both.



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B58 ANNUAL. REPORT OF THS

No. 1,418.— CoRNEUUS Jacobs, of Colnmbns, 0}no.^ImprovemeHt in Pam far Evapo-
rating and Purtfging Saccharine Juice, — Patent dated August 6, 1861 ; reissued 'Febroaiy
24, 1868.

Claim. — ^First, an evaporating pan with transverse partitions, operating substantially as
described.

Second, making tbe partitions adjustable, substantiallv as and for the purpose described.

Third, the specified construction of the lower edge of the partitions for the purpose set
forth.

Fourth, the adjustable simp-discharger in combination with an evf^rating pan, substan-
tially as set forth.

No. 1,419.— Orlando K. Jadwin, of Carbondale, Pa. — Improved Inkstand. — Patent
dated November 23, 1858; reissued February 24, 1863.

Claim. — First, supplying ink to the pen-cup of an inkstand solely by means of the pressure
of the bottom of a plunger upon the ink to be supplied in said cup.

Second, a closely fitting plunger e, in combination with a well or chamber 5, substantially
as and for the purpose ^t forth.

Third, in an inkstand the pen-cup of which is charged by the pressure of the bottom of a
plunger upon the ink to be supplied to said cup, forming tne bottom of such plunger with a
cavity, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, so applymg an ink or pen-cup to the plunger of a fountain inkstand that when
the pen-cup is charged with ink the ink will remam therein, though the plunger be elevated
out of the Dowl of the inkstand.

No. 1,420 (A.)— Richard Vose, of New York i^ty. —Improved Car Sprtng.-^PBteoi
dated March 11, 1862; reissued February 24, 1863.

Claim. — ^The combination or interposition of a packing of elastic gum, or its equivalent,
between the coils of a spiral or helical metallic spring, substantially in the manner and m
the purpose herein set forth.

No. 1,421 (B.)— Richard Vose; of New York city.— Jmprowd Car Spring.— PaieiDi dated
March 11, 1862; reissued February 24, 1863.

Claim, — ^The use of longitudinally indented, grooved, or channelled metallic rods or ba».
when formed into spiral or helical springs, of substantially the shape herein represented and
described.

No. 1,422.— Mary Jane Brown, of Brooklyn, N. Y., admiaistratrix of the estate of Hiram
W. Brown, deceased, late of Melville, N. J., and assignor to Herself, Jeremiah Johnsos,
jr., and Frankun H. Lummus, of Brooklyn, N. Y., and Theodore Bourne, of New York
city, the assignees of said decedent. — Improved Cotton Gin. — ^Patent dated March 23, 1858 ;
reissued February 24, 1863.

Claim. — First, the arrauffoment of the pressure plate and of the stripping plate in their
relation to the grating of the feed-board, substantially in the manner and for the purposes
net forth.

Second, the employment, in combination with the roller B, stripping plate L, and the
pressure plate R, of the yielding or vibrating f^d-boiffd, having ita grating formed of alter-
nate sets of rods o and n. in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described.

No. 1,423.— Nelson Palmer, of Greenville, N. Y.— Improved Ha^f-devating ForL—
Patent dated September 30, 1662 ; reissued March 3, 1063.

Claim. — ^First, the hav-elevator formed by the handle a, head h, and tines c, when said
tines pass below the bead and extend forward for receiving the hay, substantially as specified,
whereby said fork will not tip sidewise, when ' raised by power applied to the head of the
fork, and the handle is sufficiently above the bottom of the hay on the tines to allow said
handle to swing clear of the hay on the mow or on the cart, as set forth.

Second, the brace or toggle-joint bar e ki combination with (he bail or sustaining bar and
the handle of the fork, as specified, whereby the fork is rendered rigid in lifting the bay, bat
allowed to swing and deliver the hav when said brace bar is acted upon, as set forth.

Third, the discharging rope / and sheave t, arranged as shown, m combination with the
toggle-joint brace e, fork abc, and bail or sustaining bar </, for the purposes specified.

No. 1,424.— C. H. Perkins, of Providence, R. I.— Improved Machine for Making Horn-
tikoes.— Patent dated June 1, 1858 ; reissued March 3, 1863.

Claim. — ^First, the method, substantially as described, of making a shoe for animals by the
combination of a pair of dies, whose office shall be to act upon the whole exterior surface of the
blank, and fashion it into a shoe, as specified, one of said dies being an anvil die, and the other a
movable hammer die, the two being so constructed and arrangSl relatively to each other as
to fiashion the shoe, as set forth, by striking a blow or a suc^ssion of blows upon the shoe
plank, in distinction from the action of dies heretofbte used for pressing the metal of the blank
into the form of a ihoe.



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COMMISSIONER OP PATENTS. 859

Second, the combination and arrangement of the hammer K and the creaser L with one
rotary tripping shaft I, so as to be operated thereby, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose specifaed.

Third, the mode of operation, substantially as specified, bv means of which the ** former*'
B is mtido to take two separate poaitions with respect to the benders and hammer, for the
purposes set forth.

Fourth, combining the straight toe-die b with the benders c c and the " former" B, sub-
stantiaUy as described.

Fifth, the combination of a set of notches, or their equivalents, with the rear end or toe of
the ** former," substantially as described, for the purpose of maintaining the shoe blank in
its proper place, with respect to the *' former," dnnug the process of bending the shoe.

Sixth, in combination with the mechanism described for giving to the hammer shaft a tilt-
ing motion, the mechanism described for rotating the shaft at the pr.oper times, in order to
bring the hammer and the creascr to operate on the shoe alternately, substantially as described.

Seventh, in combination with the mechanism for tiltmgand turning the hammer and oreaser
shaft, the mechanism described for arresting the operations of the tilting mechanism, and for
preventing the fail of the hammer shaft long enough to allow of a semi-rotation of the ham-
mer shaft, and the withdrawal of the finished shoe from its place about the *' former," and
the substitution of a shoe blank therefor.

No. 1,425. —Dennis G. Littlepield, of Albany, N. Y,— Improved 5rope.— Patent dated
March 4, iA56; reissued March 3, 1863.

Claim. — The combination of two or more disrinct combustion compartments and separate
heating-chambers, with a smgle supplying cylinder, or reservoir, substantially as and lor the
purposes herein specified.

Also, a giate B, solid in the central portion, and open only in the periphery, substantially
as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Alyo, a single receiving chamber or flue M, in combination with separate heating chambers
and a supplying cylinder, arranged so as to receive and conduct away to the smoke pipe the
products of combustion from said heating chambers, and the gases escaping from the supply-
ingicylinder, as well as any air that may enter through the repienidhi^jg aperture P, substan-
tially as herein specified.

No. 1,426.— Dennis G. Littlefielp, of Albany, N. Y.—!mprovfid Store.— T&fent dated
January !;M, 1854; reissued November 9, 1861; again reissued August :;f6, 1862; again reis-
sued March 3, 1663.

Claim. — ^A stove or furnace having a supplying cylinder, or reservoir, over the fire-pot,
and a chamber for receiving the products of combustion, arranged so as to enclose the cover-
opening of the supplying cylinder, when the fire-pot is constnicted witli openings or outlet
space to said chamber sufficient in area to enable anthracite coal and other concentrated fuels
to be burned, and to transmit all the products of combustion and generated gases freely to
said chamber.

Also, the combination of a chamber for receiving the products of combustion, so arranged
as to enclose the cover-opening of the coal-supplying cylinder with a fire-pot which has an
aggregate area of openings or outlet space to said chamber exceeding that of the air-supply
apertures through the fire-g^te below.

No. 1,427.— Dennis G. Littlefield, of Albany, N. Y.— Improved Sfow.— Patent dated
January 24, 1854 ; reissued November 9, 1861 ; again reissued August 26, 1862 ; again re-
issued March 3, 1863.

Claim, — An illuminating exterior case, having its windows or illuminating apertures either
in its fired portion, or in any door or movable part thereof, in combination with a supplying
cylinder for reserve coal, and a chamber which receives the products of combustion from the
fire-pot.

Also, a fire-pot having its combustion apertures extending down tathe bottom of the cast-
ing, and the intermediate bai-s tapenng from top to bottom, substantially as and for the pur-
poses herem specifieH.

No. 1,428.— The Bubnside Riple Company, of Providence, R. I., assignees of Ambrose
E. BuRNSiDE. — Improved Metallic Cartridge for Breech-loading Ftre-arms. (Div. A.) —
Patent dated March 5,* 1856; reissued March 10, 1863.

Claim.— A metallic cartridge case, so constructed as to pack the joint between the movable
cartridge block and the barrel, as set forth.

Also, a corneal cartndge case, operating as described, for the purpose of facilitating its
withdrawal from the cartridge chamber after the discharge of the gun.

Also, the enlargement upon the forward end of the cartridge case, operating as described.

No. 1,429.— The Bcknside Rifle Company, of Providence, R. I., assignees of Ambrose
E. BuRNSiDB. — Improved Brecch-ioading fire-arm. (Div B >— Patent dated March 5, 1856 ;
xeisflued March lu, 1863.



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860 ANNUAL BEPOBT OP THE

Claim, — ^The movable cartridge box, so arraDgod that it majbe bronght up to abatagaiiot
the end of the gun barrel, with the orifice of its chamber coincident with that in the rear of
the barrel, and carried awaj from the barrel for the purpose of loadmg, substantially as set
forth.

Also, in combination with the movable cartridge block abutting against the end of the
barrel, enlarging the ends of the barrel and the cartridge chamber, as described, for the pur
pose set forth.

Also, the conical cartridge chamber, operating as set for^h, for the purpose described.

Also, the sliding-breech pin, operating as set forth, for the purpose described.

Also, the projection in the rear of the breedi pin, for the purpose of starting the pin forward
as the cartridge block is withdrawn.

No. 1,430.— G. E. Vanderburgh, of New York city. — Improved SUieated Soap. — Patent
dated March 5, 1861 ; reissued March 10, 1863.

Claim. — ^The use of a dissolved alkaline silicate, as an ingredient in and component of
soap, but only when the dissolved alkaline silicate thus employed contains, by chemical anal-
ysis, less than one-third as much soda, or less than one-half as much potash or silica.

No. 1,431.— Augustus B. Davis, of Philadelphia, Pa.— /mj?jv»eJ Car Spring.— VAt&ot
dated February 15, 18o9 ; reissued January 6, 1663.

Claim. — First, a box of anv suitable form, and a plate C, or its equivalent, adapted to the
open end of the said box, and connected to the latter by a bolt or bolts D, or other suitable
fastenings, substantially as set forth, in combination with a series or nest of springs, arranged
side by side, and free from contact with each other, each spring forming an integral part ot
the entire elastic medium composed of the whole of the springs, and the latter serving with
the said box and plate to constitute an entire single self-contained car spring, as d^cnbed.

Second, the use, within a box substantially as described, of a series or nest of spiral or
coiled springs, when made of iron wire, and treated by compression or impact prior to being
deposited in the box as setibrth, for the purpose specified.

Third, the series or nest of sprin^^s combined with a box and plate so constructed that the
compression of the said springs snail be limited, and their constant availability thereby
preserved. '

No. 1,432.— Thomas R. Hartell and John Letchworth, of Philadelphia, Pa., as-
signees by mesne assignments of Rhoda Davis, Ute of Brookhaven, N. i.—Improved
Llastic Cap for Sealing Cans and Bottles. — ^Patent dated February 24, 1857 ; reissued March
17, 1863.

Claim. — ^A riffid plate B, of metal or other suitable material, having a web or band of gum-
elastic so formed and arranged that when applied to a jar or other tubular object the web or
band will be stretched, and tending to return to its original form and dimensions will, with
the said plate, hermetically seal the jar, as set forth.

No. 1,433.— M. A. Richardson, of Sherman, N. Y.^Improved Cream Picmp.— ^Patent

dated September 23, 1862 ; reissued March 17, 1863.

Claim. — The use of a screen or screens K, within or closing the discharge outlet of a force
pump, for the purpose of breaking the tenacious and hardened portions oT cream, ananged
and operating substantially as herein set forth.

No. 1,434.— Samuel Schuyler, of Brooklyn, N. Y.— Improved Gram-^fryer.— Patent dated
January 22, 1861 ; reissued March 17, 1863.

Claim. — First, so combining the several screens or platforms B B, by means of chains and
pulleys, or other equivalent devices for adjusting their elevation, that all may be simultane-
ously rau»ed or lowered at one end, for the purpose of adjusting or varying their inclinations
substantial! V as and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the combii^tion of the series of platforms B B with the elevator M, or its equiv-
alent, subBtantialiy as and for the purpose herem set forth.

No. 1,435.— W. R. Thomas and M Emanuel, jr., of Catasauqua, Pa. — Improved Com-
pos-ltion for Blasting-powder. — Patent dated April 9, 1861 ; reissued March 17, 1863.

Claim. — First, a powder intended prmcipally for blaittmg purposes, in which nitrate of soda
is substituted for the nitrate of potasti, and the tendency of that salt to attract moisture is
prevented by the use of ground bark, or its equivalent, mstead of charcoal, substantially as
above described.

Second, a powder intended principallv for blasting purposes, composed of sulphur, nitrate
of soda, uid ground baik, or its equivalent, prepared substanually as above described.

No. 1,436.— W. R. Thomas and Morgan Emanuel, jr., of Catasauqua, Fau— Improved
B/aj4iii^-;Nn<Mier.— Patent dated March 11, 1862; reissued March 17, 1863.

Claim. — First, the use of chlorate of potash with nitrate of soda and ground bark, orats
equivalent, m the formation of an explosive powder, substantially as above set forth.



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 861

Second, an explosive powder componnded of nitrate of soda, salphor, chlorate of potash,
and grround bark, or its equivalent, substantially in the manner and for the purpose above
set forth.

No. 1,437.— W. R. Thomas and Morgan Emantjel, jr., of Catasamqua, Pa. — Improved
Blasting-powder. — Patent dated December 9, 1862; reissued March 17, 1863.

Claim. — First, in a blasting compound, in which nitrate of soda and ground bark, or its
equivalent, are used as two of the ingredients, the use of starch as another ingredient, when
combined and compounded with the other substances, substantially as described.

Second, in a blasting compound in which nitrate of soda, chlorate of potash, and ground
bark, or its equivalent, are used as ingredients, the use of starch, as an additional ingredient,
in the manner and for the purpose described.

Third, the use of nitrate of soda, flowers of sulphur, chlorate of potash, starch, and ^onnd
bark, or its equivalent, when combined and compounded substantially in the manner and for
the purpose above described.

No. 1,439— C. M. WiLKiNS, of West Andover, Ohio,— Improved Cheese Tflf.— Patent
dated November 22, 1859; reissued December 24, 1861 ; again reissued March 17, 1863.

First, the combination of the pipe w with the heater F, suostantially as and for the purpose
specified.

Second, the combination of the valve o with the pipe to, for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combination of the valve N with the pipe B, over the fire-box C of the heater,
substantially as and for the purpose swcified.

Fourth, armnging the valves N ana O to operate substantially as described, and for the
purpose specified.

Fifth, arranging the heater F, as relating to the water vat A and reservoir L, substantially
as shown, and for the reasons specified.

Sixth, the use of the truss braces J J J in the manner and for« the purpose described and
shown.

No. 1,439.— Theodore T. Woodruff, of Philadelphia, Fa.— Improved Railroad Car
Seats and Couches. — Patent dated December 2, 1856; reissued March 17, 1863.

C/aiwi.— Connecting and combining the two opposite sets of cross seats of a railroad car
with additional frames to form the required length of cushioned surfaces to form couches in



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 157 of 164)