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each compartment, substantially as described.

Also, combining and connecting the backs of opposite cross seats of a railroad car, when
elevated to a horizontal position, to constitute an elevated couch or couches, substantially as
described.

Also, combining with the backs additional frames, substantially as described, to form the
required length ot couch, and thereby avoid the necessity of making the backs of an incon-
venient height when used as backs to the seats.

Also, the connecting the backs of opnosite cross seats, when elevated to a horizontal posi-
tion, to form an elevated couch or couches, substantially as described, in combination with
the opposite cross seats arranged so as to bo convertible into couches, substantially as
descrioed.

Also, forming an elevated couch, above the couch formed by the backs of seats, by a series
of hinged frames, substantially as described. .

No. 1,440.— James C. Butterworth, Providence, R. 1.— Improved Sash-fastener. —Fa.\£Tit
dated April 16, 1861 ; reissued March 24, 1863.

Claim. — First, the combination of the friction pad with cam B, substantially as described
and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the combination of the cam recessed and furnished with the friction pad, substan-
tially as described, with the plate and spring, for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 1,441. — Thomas Sault, of Seymour, Conn. — Improved Trap for Steam Apparatuses, —
Patent dated February 28, 1860; reissued March 24, 1863.

Claim. — The employment in a trap for stenin apparatuses of a valve of vulcanite applied to
operate substantially as (^scribed between two opposite seats in a box of metal or other ma-
terial whose expansibility by heat is less than that of the valve.

No. 1,442.— Aaron Douglass, of Palerson, N. J. — Improved Method of Making Lap
Joints of Railway i?ai/5.— Patent dated August 21, 1860; reissued March 24, 186:^.

Claim, — The process, substantially as herein described, of making and shaping, by means
of snwing and swaging combine 1, tho euds of railway bars, which form a lork joint with
each other by the end of one rail lapping upon and into the end of the other, substantially as
set forth.

Also, swelling the necks of the ends of rail bars, when lapped upon each other, substan-
tially as divscribed, for the purpose of giving mcreased strength to the ends of such bars, for
the purposes set forth.



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862 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 1,443.— L. 8. Reynolds, of Indianapolis, lud.— Improved Frictian Bolt for Flowt
j|fi//s.— Patent dated March 29, 1869; reissued March 24, 1»63.

Claim, — First, the use of the revolving bolting reel fhune instead of the central shaft, as
the support for the knockers, substantially as set forth.

Second, causing sliding knockers or weights, when arranged within the reel, to strike upon
or near the circumference of the reel in sucn a manner that the concussion of each knocker
separatelj is felt at the points of striking, substantially as herein described.

Third, the sliding knockers D, in combination with the shall K, ribs H, and rods £, whea
constructed and operated substantially as and fur the purposes set forth.

Fourth, the springs G, in combination with the knockers D, when operated substantially
as and for the purposes set forth.

Fi^h, the elastic bridge-tree L', when used substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Sixth, holding the knockers, one or more, in a fixed position on their rods, substantially
as and for the purposes described.

No. 1,444.— E. A. L. Roberts, assignee of E. A. L. Roberts and W. J. Demorest, of New
York city. — Improved Apparatus for Vulcanizing Rubber j Sfc, — Patent dated May 10, 1859;
reissued March 24, 1863.

Claim. — First, the general arrangement of the stove A and steam-generating and yulcan-
izing chamber B C, substantially as set forth. ,

Second, constructing the steam-gcoeraling and vulcanizing chamber or chambers in one
or in a continuous chamber, substantially as described.

Third, the combination and an-angement of the diaphragms a 6 c, in connexion with th«
steam-generating and vulcanizing chamber, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 1,445.— G. "W. Williamson, of Gouldsboro', (formerly of Scranton,) F&,— Improved
Heating Apparatus. — Patent dated January 2o, ldo9; reissued March 24, lbb3.

Claim. — The application to stoves, dues of steam boilers, smoke stacks or cbimufy^ or
wherever it is required to arrest heat or sparks, a series of plates with openings for di-aught pas-
sages alternating as herein described and for the purposes set foith.

No. 1,446.— The City Manufacturing Company, assignees by mesne assignment of
James C. Cooke, of Wat ei bury. Conn. — Improved Machine for Forming Button Backs ami
Connecting the Eyes f/wrc/o.—Pateiit dated July 27, 18o2 ; reissued April 7, 1863.

Claim. — First, the jointed clamps i i, (Fig. 2,) and the toneue «, (Figs. 1, 3,) to form the
eye, when combined with the slide L, with its stationary and movable jaw a b, the mova-
ble jaw and slide being woj kcd by a jointed lever c c', to feed the whe, the whole constnicied
and operated substantially as described.

Second, the die for punching and foiming the button back, composed of the punch 8
and -bed Q, when combined with the slide p p and feeding cylinder P, when couj^iructed
and operating substantially as described.

Third, the jointed fingers « u lor receiving the button back, when formed and punched,
and conveying it to and placing it on the eye, when couibined with the setting and riveting
punch U, when constructed, ananged, combined, and operated substantially as described.

Fourth, holding the eye of the button in the mechanism that forms the eye until and while
the back is'placedf upon and fastened to it.

No. 1,447.— Joseph P. Evans, of Hazleton, V&,— Improved Furnace of Steam Boilers.—
Patent dated April 1, IS02] reissued April 7, 18C3.

Claim. — First, the employment or use of a series of elliptical tubes B fitted in the fiio-box
A, when said tubes are made to communicate with the watei* space at the ends of the fire-box,
Bubstantiajlv as herein set forth.

Second, naving the firegrate made with an alternate arrangement of large elliptical tubes
and small cylindrical tubes or bars in the manner and for the purpose herein shown and de-
scribed.

Third, the arrangement of the elliptical pipes D and connecting pipes E with each
other and with the water space as herein shown and described.

No. 1,448.— William F. Ladd, of New York city, and Morris L. Keen, of Phikdelphia,
Pa., assignees of Charles Watt and Hugh 1ji:i{ge.ss, of London, England. — Improttd
Pulp from iVood^ Sfc.yfor the Manufacture of Paper — Patent dated rfuly 18, 1854; antedated
August 19, 1853 •.•reissued October 5, lHo8; again reissued April 7, i&3.

Claim. — A pulp suitable tor the manufacture of paper, made from wood or other vegetable
substances by boiling the wood or other vegetable substance in an alkali under piossuie,
substantially as described.

No. 1,449.— William F. Ladd, of New York city, and Morris L. Keen, of Philadelphia,
Pa., assignees of Charles Watt and Hugh Burgess, of London, England. — Improved
Process o/ Treating Wood or other Vegetable Substances in the Manufacture of Paper Pulp.—
Patent dated July iQ, 1854; antedated August 19, 1853; reissued October 5, 1858; again
nissned April 7, 1863. "^



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COMMISSIONEB OF PATENTS. ^68

Claim.— 'First, the process of treating wood or other vegetable substance by boiling in an
alkali nnder pressure, as a process or preparatory process Tor making pulp for the manufac-
ture of paper from such woods or other vegetable substances, substantially as described.

Second, the process of treating resinous woods by boiling in an alkali under pressure,
and treating the product with chlorine and its compounds with oxygen for making white
pulp for the manufacture of paper from such woods, substantially as described.

No. 1,450.— Amos D. LUFKIN, of Cleveland, Ohio.— Improved proceas of preparing Hides
for Tan«i»£.— Patent dated July 31, 1860 ; reissued April 7, 1863.

C/aim.— The process of treating hides by the use of sulphur for the purpose of removing
the hair and preparing them to be tanned, substantially as herein descnbed.

No. 1,451.— Augustus A. Bennett, of Cincinnati, Ohio.—Improved Cartridge Box,—
Patent dated January 27, 1863; reissued April 14, 1863.

Claim, — ^As a new and useful article of manufacture, the cartridge box A B, whose cover
is made self-closing by means of one or more metallic springs, constructed, adapted, and
operating substantially as described.

No. 1,452.— William H. Livingston, of New York city. — Improved Wood-saw Frames. —
Patent dated September 18. 1860; reissued April 14, 1863.

Claim. — First, the braco £, applied to the frame of a handsaw, between the cross-piece
and the end piece of said frame, in the manner and for the purposes substantially as specified.

Second, the combination of the brace rod E, and metal plate D, arranged or applied to the
saw frame, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 1,453. — Alfred Monnier, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in the manufacture of
Metallic Zinc. — Patent dated May 18, 1858; reissued April J4, 1863.

Claim. — The process of obtaining metallic zinc by the combination of the two metallurgic
operations, substantially as herein specified.

No. 1,454.— Willis L. Gregory and G. LaNdon, jr., of Amsterdam, N. Y., assignees
of said WiLUS L. Gregory. — Improved Skate.— VsLieni dated March 4, 1862; reissued April
14, 1863.

Claim. — First, a detached washer or socketed plate which has a vertical and a longitudinal
channel formed in it, the two channels intersecting one another, the said washer plate answer-
ing as an auxiliary to a skate-runner fastening, i. e. a detached screw, substantially as and
for the purpose set forth.

Second, mterposmg between the wooden stock and the metal runner a detachable longi-
tudinally-grooved and vertically-perforated washer or socketed plate, in such manner that it
braces the wooden stock, gives side bearings to the runner, and also enables the runner to
have end bearings, substantially in the manner set forth.

Third, the combination of the longitudinally-slotted and vertically -perforated washer or
socketed plate D, with a detachable** wood" screw, whiih extends up through the washer
and the stock of the skate, in the manner and for the parpo.se substantially as described.

Fourth, the combination of shoulders or standards of a skate runner, and a .detachable
longitudinally-slotted and vertically-perforated washer or socketed plate, substantially as and
for the purpose set forth.

Fifth, a detachable screw as a part of a skate runner fastening, with two sides of its head
made parallel and flush with the sides of the runner below the washer or socketed plate, in
the manner herein described for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the combination of the dovetail notch in the upper edge of the skate, the loose
screw fastening and a longitudinally-grooved and vertically-perforated washer, substantially
as and for the puipose set forth.

Seventh, the combination of the recesses in the skate stock, a metal socket plate with a
longitudinal groove, and a vertical perforation, and a screw fastening, substantially as and
for the pnfpose set forth.

Eighth, the combination of the screw or screws, notch or notches for the heads of the
screw or screws, longitudinally grooved wa.sher or wetshers, and the nut or other equivalent
fastenin|[ or fastemngs, as a means of uniting ibe stock an^ runner of a skate, substantially
as described.

No. 1,455. — Christian Sharps, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Packing Car-
«ruf^c«.— Patent dated July 10, 1860; reissued April 21, 1863.

Claim. — Packing the detonate in the collar of metallic cartridge cases by means of a wad
dy which serves the two-fold purpose of retaining the detonate within the collar and of a
rigid medium for resisting the dIow of the hammer.

No. 1,456. — ^N. W. Spauldino, of San Francisco, formerly of Sacramento, Cal. — Improve-
ment in Setting Teeth in Saws and Saw Plates. — Patent dated September 1(\ 1861 ; reissued
April 21, 1863.



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864 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

C^atffi.—First, forming the recesses or sockets in saws or saw plates for detachable or re-
movable teeth, on circular lines, substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Second, in combination with sockets or recesses formed in saws or saw plates, as hereia
recited, teeth having their base or bottom parts formed on circular lines as described.

No. 1,457.— Oren Stoddard, of Busti, N. Y,— Improved Shingle JlfacAinc— Patent dated
December 20, 1859; reissued April 21, 1863.

Claim. — First, the relative arrangement of the knife frame E, and connecting rod D, by
which the pull of the latter is made to act lengthwise of the former, as herein before de-
scribed.

Second, the combination of the jointing planes q with the fly-wheel F, connecting rod D,
and knife F, as descnbed, when all the parts are arranged in relation to each other as set
forth.

Third, the combination of the fluted rollers H H', provided with ratchet wheels and ope-
rated by pawls as represented, with the cutting knife F, as set forth.

Fourth, the combination with the cutting knife F of the adjustable guides G G, by which
the cut of the knife can be varied, as herein set forth.

No. 1,458.— Thomas R. Taylor, of Brooklyn, N. Y., formerly of Cleveland, Ohio.—
Improved Machine for Making Horseshoes. — Patent dated April 30, 1860; reissued April SI,
1863.

Claim. — ^First, cuttiug off from a heated bar of iron a blank piece, then bending, swaging,
pressing, and creasing the same, thus forming a shoe by the conjoint and continuous opera-
tion of the described mandrel head N, jaws K R, and female dies p ;?, and male die O, sub-
stantially as herein set forth.

Second, the reciprocatmg male die O, and mandrel head N, conjointly with the female
dies p p, contained within mutually reciprocating jaws R R, arranged and operating as and
for the purpose specified.

Third, the recessed reciprocating and vertically swinging jaws R R, together with tbd
closing of the same, by their descent into an opening in the bed-plate, as and for the purpose
described.

Fourth, the projectors 10 10, on the mandrel head N, and the recesses 11 H, on the mate
die O, for forming the heel caulk of the shoe, in the manner specific.

Fifth, the recesses r r in the female dies, and the recess /in the male die, for forming the
toe caulk, as set forth.

Sixth, operating the cutter U, by the movement of the mandrel K, lever V, slider U', and
rod v\ as and for the purpose specified.

No. 1,459.— Walter A. Wood, of Hoosick Falls, N. Y.— -Improved Guard Finger for
Harvesters. — Patent dated July 1, 185G; reissued April 21, 1863.

Claim. — The particular form and construction of tne finger or guard as heroin represented,
viz., with the forked cap E, recess or depression A, raised edges a a, and neck c, behmd
them, by means of which the cutting is facilitated in the manner set forth.

No. 1,460.— Walter A. Wood, of Hoosick Falls, ^.Y.— Improved Guard Finger for
Harresfcrs..— Patent dated July 1, I8o6; reissued April 21, 1863.

Claim. — First, a finger or guard recessed or dropped-off so as to be fastened to the under
side of the finger-beam which has a bevel or inclined term, or is similarly dropped-off, while
its shear or cutting edge is raised up near the top of said bar, or to a hue passing over the
bar, for the purpose of allowing the cut grass to readily pass over the finger-bar, substantially
as described.

Second, also, as a means of making the elevation of the shear edg^ above the base or heel
of the finger or guard, and of affording a bearing for the finger-bar and for the sickle or
cutters, the four planes 12 3 4, substantially as descnbed and represented.

No. 1,461. — George Douglas, of Scranton, Pa. — Improved Car Spriii^.— Patent dated
December 29, 1857; reissued April 28, 1863.

Claim. — The combination of elliptically-curved plates A and B, of different degrees of
curvature, in the formation of an elliptic or semi-elliptic spring, in such a manner as that,
when it Is under the influence of weight or pressure, one or more plates B, of said spring,
will tie the remaining plates, and, by limiting their expansion, prevent an undue diminution
of their curvature and elasticity, all substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein
set forth.

No. 1,462.— G. D. Dows, of Boston, Mass. — Improved Apparahts for Soda Water, Ice,
Sirups, ^c..— Patent dated December 10, 1861 ; reissued April 28, 1863.

Claim. — Arranging and combining with a rotating ice-cutter or shaver, an !ce>containing
receptacle in such a manner that the ice therein held shall move toward the cutter and by

the revolutions thereof shall be reduced to a finely di^^ded state in readiness for use, substan-
tially as described.



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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS. 865

Also, anangiug an ice-cotter, wlien made to operate substantially for the purpose described,
in combination with a chest containing fluid receptacles, and an ice-containing chamber, in
such a manner that the chest and its contents are refrigerated by the ice which is operated
upon by the cutter.

Also, the combination of the cream chest D, enveloping chest A, ice chest C, and sirup
Tessel B, all arranged substantially as described.

No. 1,463.— John Firth and John Ingham, of Philadelphia, Pa. — Improvement in Pipe
Jfoii/i/iii^.— Patent dated December 20, 1859; reissued April 26, 1803.

Claim. — ^Black-washing pipe moulds by causing a stream or volume of the wash to flow
through the interior of the mould, the said stream oeing controlled in the manner described.

No. 1,464.— L. P. Harris, of Mansfield, Ohio. — Improved Apparatus for Evaporating
Saccharine Jimc«».— Patent dated January 18, 1859; reissued Apnl 28, 1863.

Claim. — First, an evaporating pan which allows of a bottom-surfa^ flow of the juice, and
stops a top-surface flow, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, a high ledge between the defecator and evaporator, for the purpose set forth.

Third, the application of an adjustable gate to an evaporating and defecating apparatus,
substantially as ^nd for the purpose set forth.

Fourth, the application of a strainer to an evaporator, substantially as and for the purpose
set forth.

Fifth, the combination of two or more high ledges, each of which is constructed with an
under-surface flow space in connexion with shallow evaporating pans, substantially as and
for the purpose set forth.

Sixth, the application of a gate or a strainer to each additional ledge which has the under-
flow passage, substantially as and for the purpose described.

Seventh, the combination of a high ledge and a sate or strainer with that portion of the
pan known as the evaporator, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 1,465. — ^L. P. Harris, of Mansfield, Ohio. — Impro**ed Apparatus for Evaporating
Saccharine Juices,— Fa^nt dated Januarv 18^ 1859; reissued April 28, 1863.

Claim, — ^First, an evaporating pan which is constructed with one or more longitudinal
channels, so as to allow the juice to circulate, and in its circulation to be deprived of its fecu-
lencies or scum, substantially as set forth.

Second, short ledges extending out from one or both sides of the pan, in combination with
long ledges, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Third, the combination of one or more high ledg^, each having an under-flow passage,
one or more adjustable gates, and a system of long and short ledges, substantially as and for
the purpose set forth.

Fourth, the combination of one or more strainers, one or more high ledges, and a system
of long and short ledges, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 1,466.— Stephen Hull, assignor to Himself and Wm. Van Anden, of Poughkeep-
sie, N. Y. — Improved Harvester. — ^Patent dated November 16, 1858 ; reissued April '^, 1863.

daim, — ^First, providing a free opening between the rear inner depressed extensions B B
of the draught frame, and hinging within the same a shoe or support for the cutting appa-
ratus, substantiallv as and for the puri>oses set forth.

Second, in combination with a cutting apparatus which is arranged to rise and fall to a
governed extent at its outer end. and also to be adjusted against the side of the machine, or
out of operative position, substantially as described, » snudl supporting wheel so arranged
with respect to the cutting apparatus and the one large supporting wheel that it sustains the
cutting apparatus at its .imer end when the machine is cutting grain, and also acts in com-
bination with the one large supporting wheel to sustain the inner side of the draught frame
when the cutting apparatus is thrown up out of operation, substantially as herein described.

Third, combining in a single rocking shoe C the advantages of controlling the extent of
vibration of the cuttiujg apparatus when the machine is in operation, and a&o of securing
the cutting apparatus in place when it is thrown up out of action, by means substantially as
described.

Fourth, hinging or pivoting a shoe or support for the cutting apparatus of a harvesting
machine directly to the depressor ends of the transverse beams thereof, substantially in the
manner and for the purposes herein described.

Fifth, the small supporting wheel J so applied to the extended frame of the machine, and
with the brace, beam, or shoe, that it will preserve its perpendicular position whether the
finger bar be on the ground or thrown up against the machine, substantially as herein
described.

No. 1,467.— Sidney Shepard, assignee of H. O. Perry, of Buffalo, N. Y.— Improved
Screw Propeller.— FskUmt dated December 7, 1858 ; reissued April 28, 1863.
Claim. — Making that part of the shank end of the blades ot screw propeUens which enters
H. Ex. Doc. 60 55



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866 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

the hab, and from which the blade derives its main strength in the hub, tapering or conical,
in connexion with a corresponding tapering or conical socket in the hub, with a kej so
inserted as to draw and hold the shtmk hrmly in its place in the hub, sabataotiallj as
described.

No. 1,468— C. J. WooLSON, of Cleveland, Ohio.—Improved Hinge for Slave Doan,^
Patent dated March ]6, 1852; reissued April 28, 1863.

Claim, — Hanging the doors bj a double or compound hinge attached to the inside of them
and to the outer edge of the front of Franklin stoves and grates, so that all the connect!]^
parts of the hinges are concealed from view when the doors are closed, permitting them to
be fully opened and swung away from the front and around to the sides or ends of the stove
and there folded compactly into place, again concealing the connecting hinges, as herein set
forth.

No. 1,469.— Linus Yale, jr., of Shelbume Falls, Mass., formeriy of Philadelphia, Pa.—
Improved /^A;.— Patent dated May 14, 1861 ; reissued April 28, 1863.

Claim. — First, a disconcerting contrivance, substantially such as specified, arranged and
acting under a mode of operation substantially as described, to attain substantially the object
herein set forth.

Second, in combination with a disconcerting contrivance, substantially such as is described,
an apparatus, substantially such as is herein set forth, for imparting to the same an enforced
motion when a key handle is moved, the combination being and operating as herembefoiB
described.

Third, in combination with a disconcerting contrivance, substantially such as is described,
a contrivance which always shoots the bolt oack to the same position when the lock is fully
unlocked, under a mode of operation substantially as hereinbefore redted.

No. 1,470.— Linus Yale, jr., of Shelbume Falls, Mass., formerly of Phibidelphia, Pa.—
Improved LocA;.— Patent dated May 14, J861 ; reissue April 28, 1863.

Claim, — First, the combination of a revolving tumbler with a revolving tooth, the two
being relatively arranged so that a revolution of the latter moves the former only through the
angular distance from one of its teeth to the next in succession, the combination being sub*
stantially such as described.

Second, in combination with a pack or series of tumblers set separately and in succession,



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 158 of 164)