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DESCRIPTIONS AND CLAIMS OF PATENTS

I88UE;> in the YEAE 1863.



ILLUSTRATED WITH ENGRAVINGS.



Ko. 37,206.— Augustus Algoever, ofNew Tork, N. Y.^improved Wire-work for Feueei.-^
Pttent dated January 6, 1863. — Straight rods of wire are crimped or bent into three depres-
0008 ftt intervals, the depth of each depression being a little more than half the diameter of
the wire rod. The wires are placed diagonally a short distance apart, with others conversely,
with the ^pressions op and between the rods. Straight and uncrimped rods are tb^n placed
tfanmgh the upper andf lower diagonal rods, through the passages formed by the depressions
in the same. By applying the force of a nammer upon the intersecting portions it reduces
the thickness to that of two layers of wire, and bends the straight rods in the same manner as
the others were before being applied: thus forming a firm ana secure intersection in which
the wires will not separate Srom each other.

CUiiii.— The method of constructing wire fence and other wire work, by first crimping

• poition of the wires to be used in such manner that, being laid in a proper position for the
week intended to be oMde, the indentations formed in them will admit of the insertion of
itnight wires in such a manner that they will form a lock to the whole when finished, sub-
ittntiilly as deacribed.

Ko. 37,267.— James S. A Thobias B. Atterburt, of Rttsburg, 'Penn.'-Jmprovement
ts KeroinB Lamps, — Patent dated Jannaiy 6, 1863. — ^This invention consists of a glass lamp
coDar of peculiar construction, adapted to prevent the transmission of heat firom the burner
to the reservoir of oiL

CUtM.— As a new article of mftnufacture, a ^lass collar C constructed and applied to a
imp in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth.

Ko. 37,268.— Mellen Battel, of Albany, K. Y.^Oold Washer and Amalgamator,—
I^atest dated January 6, 18o3. — ^This apparatus consists of a series of toothed annular plates
neored to the casing of the machine and inclining down towards the centre, and a corre-
iponding number of revolving toothed pUtes mounted on a vertical shaft, and occupying the
(paces oetwoen the stationary plates. The material to be washed or scoured, falling on the
OQter part of the upper stationary plate, is acted on by the teeth of the revolving plate above,
«nd passes inward by its own gpravity until it falls on the centre of the revolving plate next
helow, whence it is carried outward by centrifugal action until it falls on the stationary plate
next below, and so on to any extent required.

CUon.— The mode of constructing and using two or more concave plates, with points or
pins passing between each other ; one or two or more of these plates are stationary, as shown,

* aad I, with rims forming the recess for the revolving plates, as shown, S and T, and one or
two or more revolving plates are hung on a vertical uiaft on the under side of the stationary
plates, as shown, £ and F, substantially as before described.

Bo. 37,269. — GEOR0E C. Bebcher, of Livonia, Livingston county, N. T. — Improvewumi
m AaH-friuiou Car IPAee2s.— Patent dated January 6, 1863.— This hivention consists in
pfvviding the car wheels with a friction wheel or band, held in place by a cap or section of
tha wheel, bolted to Uie other section, so as to secure the band, and yet admit of its free revo*
laiWB in turning curves.

CIsui.— The application to railroad car wheels of friction wheels or bands of wrought or
c^stiroQ, or any other suitable metal, and of any desired thickness, which will prevent fiio-
Uoam toniing curves, by the independent revolutioiis of said friction wheels or bands, in the
—roar substantially as described.

Bft, 37,270.- Lewis P. Bbtts, of Albion, Calhoun county, Ifich.— /mjmwenMiit in CAtm-
■<l Caps.— Patent dated Januair 6, 1863.— The object of this imi>rovement is to secure a
jgJiHi for the volatile results of combustion, under unfiftvorable circumstances, by the ad-
wM €f floes which cause the wind from above to add to the current of the air within, an4
«ip«l the smoke, &c, at tha oowL ^ •,

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202 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Claim. — The pecnliar arrangement of the two flues B B in combinatioB with the
or inlet passages XX,** guide plate" D and cowls £ £, substantiallj in the manner'
the purposes specified.

No. 37,271.— D. G. Blue, of Winfield, Iowa.— Cn/ttcfltor.— Patent dated Jasmarr «,
1863. — In this invention the forward plough-stocks are made longer than the rear ones, and tlie
draught so applied as to relieve the horses from the weight ef the front of the plough. By the
employment of removable shield, roller, and plough-stock, in the centre of the implement,
it is adapted for use either as an ordinary cultivator or a com plough.

Claim. — First, the rear posts, when made shorter than the front ones, in combinatioii with
the use of an adjustable draught connexion, substantiallv as and for the purposes set fottfa.

Second, the combination of the g^uage runners d d with the front posts, substantiallj as and
for the purposes stated.

Third, the combination with the frames of the removable shield box G, plough H, and roDer
I, substantially as set forth.

No. 37,272.— WiLLUM BoEKBL, of Philadelphia, l^tL^MoMlding CkUUd-iron ProfoetUm.^
Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^In this invention the chill is formed of a bottom piece, xe-
cessed at the top to receive a ring, composed of four seg^ments, over which is placed Qm upper
chilL The ring serves to make ue annular groove by which the missile is attached to the
metaL The sand flask rests on the upper chilL The sand mould is surmounted by a top
piece having two holes, through which pins are inserted, one forming the fixate for the molten
metal to flow in, the other forming a vent for the air to escape, as the metu enters tiie moold.
The ring in the bottom chill must consist of segments, so as to allow its being taken off after
the missile is moulded.

Claim, — The described mode of moulding chiUed-iron projectiles, when the sand moold
employed in combination with a chill for any convenient number of castings is formed by
means of the moulding irons £ and F, and their appendages, substantially in the manner and
for the purpose set forth.

Also, the employment of the rinff b or its equivalent, in combination with the main body
of the chill, for the purpose described.

No. 37,273.— L. F. BRomnJM^ of Brooklyn, N. Y, —Improvement in CantaeKs.- Patent
dated Januaiy 6, 1863. — The object of this invention is to produce a wooden canteen without
unnecessary bulk or weight It consists of two concave pieces cemented toge^er and secured
by a flanged hoop encirdingr their edg^es and fitting in grooves therein. The inner edges of
the cheek pieces are grooved and receive a gasket or packing of any suitable matfirial, to pie-
vent leakage. The mouth-piece is screwed in.

Claim, — First, a canteen formed of concave cheek pieces of wood, attached together with
a suitable packing or gasket at ^ to keej^ the joints water-tight, as set forth.

Second, a metal band surrounding the joints, in combination with the aforesaid cheekpieces^
for the puiposes and as specified.

No. 37,274.— WiLUAM P. Burden, of Troy, N. Y.—Impravement in RoUing-BiiU Stands,
^c— Patent dated January 6, 1863.— In this rolling mill there aro three rollers, the middle
one fixed, and the others adjustable vertically ; the invention consists in the method of sup-
porting and securing them m their positions ; the middle roller bears on arches which span
the journals of the lower rollers ana rest upon projections on the frame ; the bearing upon
the upper side of the middle roller journal is pressed down bv set screws, which project
through the upper piece of the main frame; above this bearing the lower seats or bearers of
the upper roller journals are suspended by rods, and a bearing above said journals keeps them
down ; the lower rollers aro supported by bearings actuated bj screws through the sUl-piecs
of the frame.

Claim, — First, in a rolling mill which has its middle roller fixed and its top and bottom
rollers adjustable, the maimer substantially as described of applying the screws £ £, for the
purpose of holding down the middle roll oeariDg a\

Second, in a rolling mill which has its middle roller fixed and its top and bottom rolkn
adjustable, the arrauffement of the screws U G and £ with the top roller bearings df, and
upper bearing a' of the middle roller, substantially in the manner described.

Third, the combination of the bearings I, screws J, spur wheels K, pinions L, and key
shafts M, with the bottom roller, substantially in the manner as describeo.

Fourth, in a rolling mill which has its mid jie roller fixed and its top and bottom rollers ad-
justable, the use of bearmgs a a* of arch or analogous form, so that the bearings I ^ /may bo
a4jasted within the arch thereof and thna eompactness secured, substandally aa described.

No. 37,275.— John W. Cochran, of New York city, N. Y,'-lmprovement in Percuttiau
Fnie/or £jplo»ive 5/U(/s.— Patent dated January 6, 1863.— The shell is of the usual exterior
form, but is provided with a chamber at its antenor end, traversed by a hollow striker or pit*
ton whit!h has a connexion in its axial tube between the ci^ on its end and the cavity of the
•hell; hooked into the screw cap at the point of the shell are wires which extend towards tW



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COHMISSIOKER OF PATENTS. 203

resr, sod are bent behind tbe shoulder of the piston; the striker is weaklj attached to the
•crew cap ontil the piece is discharged, when the inertia of the striker breaks the connexion.

C{«tm.— First, weakly attaching the striker D to the cap C at the front end of the projectile,
fobstandaUy in the manner and so as to secure the advantages herein set forth.

Second, the construction and arrangement of the parts VD and F, so that the parts F F
shall liook into the cavities C C, in the manner and ror the purpose herein set forth.

Third, performing the triple function of first holding the striker directly connected to the
fimit cap of the projectile until the dischiur^ of the piece ; second, partially overcoming the
ipmia of the striker before or in the act of tneir breakage ; and third, absorbing the shock and
fndacioff oon-elasticity in the impact of the striker on the rear face of the chamber B, all by
the employment of the same ymes F F, or their equivalents, arranged and bent as herein
ihowiL

Ko. 37,^6.— Joseph H. OonhellT, of Wheeling, Ya -^improvement in Lamp Wuke,^
Ptteot dated January 6, 1863. — This improvement relates to hoUow wicks and to the method
of coostmcting them, and is sufficientlv described in the claim.

C(ain.— First, making a hollow wick for lamps of a folded strip of muslin or other textile
fabric, by uniting the edges of the strip by means of a paste or cement, insoluble in the oil
or boroiug fluid which is to be burned by the wick.

Second, inserting in an internally wrapped hollow or tubular lamp wick a strip or strips
of porous paper, or raw cotton wrapped in paper, so as to give to the wick the requisite
rtinbess and shape, while increasing its capillary power.

Third, making hollow or tubular lamp wicks of muslin, linen, or other suitable textile
fiibric without nap, and filled with porous paper, paper pulp, raw cotton, or other substance
posfesiiDg the requisite capillary property, substantially m the manner hereinbefore described.

No. 37,2T7.— J^OHN A. Dann, Wiluam F. Dahh, and Isaac N. Dann, of New Haven,
Cmi,^lmproved Folding CAatr.— Patent dated January 6, 1863.— The anus have slots in
which pins upon the outside of the standards of the chair-biack may slide* The seat is sup-
ported upon X-shaped legs, and as the latter are collapsed against the seat the back rocks
nrward on to the seat, i& pins traversing the slotted arms.

CtsMi.— The arrangement of the slott^ arms A, the bolts I, and standards F, in combS>
nation with the legs S C with the several parts^ operating substantially as and for the pur-
pose ^leeified.

No. 37,278.— GUSTAVUS F. Deetken, of Nevada, California.— M^^noMtf AppmnUu for
Extnaing Gold from Pyrilet.— Patent dated January 6, 1863.— The pyrites, having been
fiiBt roasted, is placed in a tight vat, and there expose 1 to a stream ot chlorine gas ; it is
Afteiwards washed, and the solution of various chlondes collected and precipitated in carboys.

Claim, — ^Tbe combination of the several devices and apparatus herein described, and
opccating substantially as illustrated and explained.

, No. 37,279.— James H. Coon, of Deposit, DeUtware county, N. Y,— Improvement in Ser^-
mg Ordmance, — ^Patent dated Januarv 6, 1863. — ^I'he charge is deposited in a cradle, which
is then elevated to a convenient height and position for loading; the breech of the gun is
ribrated downwards, being hung upon trunnions so as to bring the bore in line with the
charge; a rammer is then set in motion which drives the charge into the breech ; the parts
«e returned to their original positions, and the piece fired. These operations are performed
by machinery, the working of which is contmuous and uninterrupted, even during the
recoil of thepiece and its bmng pushed in battery.

Ctam.— First, the device composed of the two arms, 54 and 55, and the crank rod 56,
vhea eombined and arranged in the manner hereinbefore described, and operated by the
cank 59, so as to move the rammer 60, for the purpose set forth, and in the manner indicated*

Secono, the device composed of the arm 30, and the two arms 34 and 35, the chains li9
nd 40, in combination with the rods 66 and 67, and the cradle 75, and the lattice elevator 7:^,
ifl combined with each other in the manner before described, and operated by the crank rod
^, ior the purpose of lowering the forward end of the breech 33, and elevating the cradle
A iiiBultaneously^ with each other, as hereinbefore described and set forth.
^ Thir d, the combination of these two motions with each other, by means of Uie machinery
■cxeiabefore described, so as to cause the depression of the breech 33, the elevation of the
CQdle 75, and the ascent of the rammer 60, simultaneously, together with all the minor and
iihd£ary operations, as hereinbefore described and for the purposes set forth.

No. 37,280.— Samuel H. Dubois, of Buffalo, N. Y.—hnprovement in Railroad Car Axles*-^
^tat dated January 6, 1663. — From the under side of the truck is a dependent post sup-
ff^t * jonmalrbox, and into this are socketed the balls at the inner ends of the pair of

((>•».— Forming a ball-journal on the inner end of each pair of axles, in combination
J^toangement with an appropriate journal-box, having a central support upon the track,
"^ As puipeae;} and fiubstantiaUy as described.



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204 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

No. 37,28].— M. B. Dyott, of Philadelphia, Peim.— /iiijm>9aiiMii( tii Coal Oil Bwrmn*-^
Patent dated January 6, 18G3. — The burner consists of two parts; the upper one bauiff
raised and lowered inside of the lower by means of a partial rotation, causing pins on ftlki
outer ojliuder to traverse slots in the spiral arms which project downwards Irom the vppiK
piece containing the cone and chimney.

Claim. — ^A lamp burner constructed of two parts, A D, connected together by slotted
spiral arms G, ana pins d, arranged substantially as shown and described to admit of tha
raising and lowering of the part I), cone £, and chimney, for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,282.— T. F. Englebrecbt, of New York, N. Y., and R. Bokklen and M.
Staehlen, of Brooklyn, N. Y. —Improvement in Artificial Lc^s.— Patent dated Janliary ^
1863. — The improvements consist in the arrangements for adjusting the length and shape of
the limb and foot to the requirements of the user ; in the articulation of the ankle joint
whereby it is made to approximate the natural motions ; and in the use of corrugated sbeal
metal for the rigid or permanent parts. The lower portion of the leg is acyustable Tertieal^.
alipping telescopically into the calf and retained by set screws. The instep is stuffed and
padded to the requisite proportion and covered with a laced flap. The ball of the ankle it
socketed to the lower end of the leg, and retained bv a screw bolt suspended by a strap fnm
a transverse rod, allowing a moderate **play" bv the deflection of toe strap. A modifica
tion of the ball and socket mav be made, in whicn a ball on the end of the leg enters a screw
socket on the foot, keeping the rigid parts from contact and having the intervening spaot
occupied by an elastic membrane.

Claim. — First, the combination of the two pieces B and C, which form the exterior of tba
lower leg, substantially as herein described for the purpose set forth.



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