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Second, the construction of the artificial foot with a cavity m », in the place occupied by
the instep of the natural foot, and with flaps F, and a lace «, or their equivalent, to receiv*
and confine a packing /, substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

Tliird. the construction of the ankle joint with a ball and socket, or cup and spring, eon*
bined to operate sabstantially as herein described, and dispense with the use of Uopa or
other beanngs than the ball and its socket or cup.

Fourth, the construction of the joint of an artificial limb in such manner sabstantiallT aa
fllustrated in Fig. 7, that the rigid parts connected by the joint do not lap over each otaei;
but leave the opening between them protected by a surrounding spring.

Fifth, the construction of the rigid portions of an artificial limb of plate metal, having
corrugations, the lenp^h of which runs lengthwise of the limb, substantially as and for the
purpose herein specified.

No. 37,283.— James W. Evaks, of New York, N. Y.^In^frovemetU in Railroad Car Sprimn,
—Patent dated January 6, 18^. — This machine consists o£ a number of groups of oimuar
springs superimposed in a box with diaphragms between, and of a smaller diameter and fat-
creased' number as they ascend in the series, so that the lower ones shall first be imp rees ed
by the load. Each group is arranged upon a collar on the diaphragm below it, and wheA
unimpressed by the load is in a plane, but assumes under the imposition of weight the circolar
■elemental form of the rigid surfaces of the diaphragm pistons and the box in which tfaa
series or groups of springs are contained.

Claim. — First, the peoiliar form and construction of the intermediate un-elastio plate c,
as regards the progressively increased length of Up in each, according to the number of
iiprings in each group, and the ogee recess c", near the angle.

Se^nd, suspending and holding the elastic plates together at the centres and edges witb>
oat fixed fastenings, as described.

Third, the combining and arranging the box or cover D with the other parts so as to hold
together the whole as a complete spring with or without a bolt, and without any fixed fiM»
tonings of the workinp^ parts.

Fourth, the combining and arranging the elastic and non-elastic plates, with the above
described manner of hanging the elastic plates loose at their centres, thereby rendering &a^
tore or tearing of the plsies almost impossible.

No. 37,284.— TnoMAS Farrinoton and Lewis White, of Washington comity, Vt, —
improved fVringing Machine. — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^This is a device for bringing
the end of an adjustable spring to bear upon the journals of the upper roller in a wringing
machine ; the ends of the U-shaped spring being wrapped around the end of a rod whica
passes through both standards of the machine, and is adjustable therein by thumb-screws.

Claim. — ^The thumb-screws F, the rod B, the slot c, the spring ^, and the a<yustabte
bearing £, arranged in the manner and for the purpose herein set lorth and described.

No. 37,2S>.— George Featherstone, Ansable Forks, Clinton county, N. Y.— Impro w U
Curriers' Kiii^«.— Patent dated Januaiy 6, 1863.— The invention consists in placing tha
cross handle with its axis perpendicular to the surface of the blade.

Claim. — The combination of the cross handle e with the blade A, having upon it one or
more double-cutting edges, when said handle is arranged with ite axis perpendicular to the
surface of the blade, or nearly so, as herein specified. /^ T

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COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS 205

Ka 37,3(^— WiLUAM FfHLET, of Schoolcraft, Kalamazoo coontj, ^ch.—Improvemeut
tt^Mwf Mmdnmm. — ^Patent dated January 6, 166^-— The improTemenU consist in a sns-
pwded distribatiog box below the hopper and feed roller, which ia provtded with inclined
dMtei for the grain to roll upon in its descent ; and also in the manner of engaging and
nSeaaog the driving wheel and feed gear of the seeder, which is by a loose collar, working
endwi&e on the shan, and with fonr arms protruding between the spokes of the wheel into a
diik plate on the end of the hob.

CMMk— First, the box H, sospended underneath the seed box F bjr a central pin or bolfc
i, and provided with the inclined chutes A, as and for the purpose specified.

Second, the sleeve L, provided with the loose collar M and bars P, in combination with
the fixed perforated plate o and ratchet pulley Q, all arranged as and for the purpose herein

MtfKth.

Na 37,887.— Charles Qoodybar, jr., of New York, N. Y.-^trnfTtnenunt in Boot and
am Sa(«f. -^Patent doited Januarv 6, 1863.— The invention oonsists in imbeddinff in a vul-
eniied rubber shoe sole a piece of wire cloth, to give form vid rigidity to the article.

Clmm.—Aa a new manufacture, boot and shoe soles and parts of soles composed of vul-
cniaed India-rubber, or other Tulcanixable material, and wire doth, or its equivalent,
lahstantially as heroin described.

No. 37,288.— William K. Orben, jr., of Amsterdam, Montgomeiy county, N. T., and
Wm. M. Pawumo, of Hagaman^s Mills, Montgomery county, N. Y,— Improvement in
Shtkinesfor Drying and Finishing Tnkular Knit i^o^rics.— Patent dated January 6, 1863.—
Ike daui fully explains the invention.

Cestui. — First, the combination or arrangement together for coi\joint use of an open
boUow support for the tubular web, an apparatus for producing a blast of air, and a device
fivr progreMirel V drawing the tubular web fiom the said hollow web holder, substantial! v as
herein described, whereby the tubular web may be progressively dried by a blast of air irom
the inside, in the manner herein set forth.

Second, the combination of a hoUow web holder, an apparatus for producmg a blast of
lir, a device for progressively drawing the tubular web endwise from the said web holder,
lad an internal web expander, substantially as herein described, whereby the tubular web
may be progressively stretched transversely and lengthwise, and simultaneously dried by a
blast of air uom the inside, in the-manner herein specified.

Third, the combination of a suitable support A for the long piece of washed tubular web,
a pair of compres ^ing draught rollers £ e', and an internal web spreader E, of a flattened
ibnn, and artanged with its rear end g, Fig. 3, in the bight of the said draught rollers, sub-
staolially as herein described, whereby the tubular web ma^ be progressively stretched flat
widlhwise and lengthwise, and compressed or calendered m such expanded condition, as



k set forth.

Fourth, the herein described arrangement of a flat web spreader E, in combination with
eucodering roils £ £', a hollow web support A, and a blower C, whereby the tubular web
■^ be progressively dried and simultaneously stretched flat width wise and lengthwise £rom
^ii»<^ and calendered wh'le thus expanded, as herein set forth.

Fifth, the arrangement in combination of a support A for the long tubular web, a flat web
^reader F, a pair of compressing draught rollers £ £', and an incumbent take-up roller I,
nhstuitia.iy as herein described, whereby the tubular web may be progressively stretched
ttuiTeneiy and longitudinally, and calendered and wound into a roil in such expanded
condition, as herein sot forib.

Sixth, tho arrangement in combination of a device C, for producing a blast of air, a hollow
ireb holder A. a fltwtened web spreader F, draught rolls £ £S and an mcumbent take-up roller
L iQbstantiaily as herein described, whereby the tubular web can be simultaneously dried
mi stietdied laterally from the inside, and compressed and wound into a roll in such ex-
panded condirion as herein specified.

8ev«mh, the arrangement of friction wheels o o on the web expander F, combined with a
^vibBupport A and draw-off mechMiism £ E\ substantially as and for the purpose herein
dsBcribar

Ko. 37.289.— W. H. GWTNNB, of White Plains, Westchester county, N. Y.— -Improve-
mmtnOu Mmma^netnre of lUnminnting Oat.— Patent dated January 6, 1853.— The mven^
tioneoDsists in ootaining gas by the usual machinery from wood and highly charg^ bitu-
BianH coal, pUcing the coal in the back part of the retort and the wood in front, then
<:loag and luting tue joint. Proportions, thirty pounds of co<vl to one hundred of wood.
Cbm.— Obtaining illuminating gas from coal and wood placed together in a retort, in

~ r and proportions and treated substantially as described.



lo. 37,290.— William Hall, of Brookline, Norfolk county, Uaas.—Improvenunt in
'•Bb.— Patent doted January 6, 18o3.— This lock is operated by a key with adjustable bits,
which, on b^iog introduced ixUo the keyhole, operate a corresponding number of studded
%ffidtt, so a4 to adapt each of them to receive the opening or recess of the corresponding

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206 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE

tumbler in the throwing of the bolt. This latter motion is eff»cted by the knob working by
Ha projection or cam wUhin a recess in the bolt. A bent lever latch catches iuto uutchiw ki
the tnmbler, to hold them in position dnriog^ this operation. The latch is operated by the
bolt slide L. The bits on the key are made reversible, end for end, in the forked frame, and
thereby a g^reatcr number of changes afibrded. An auxiliary bolt is previously withdrawn
from the channel t> in which the key slides traverse ; and in case of tampering with the lock
by pressure on the slides, a projection on the auxiliary bolt enters a notch on the alide%
allowing a little play, to prevent picking the look by the tentation method.

Claim. — The combination ana arrangement of one or more studded key slides N N, a
corresponding number of tumblers K K, and catch kver M, and the auxiliary slide L, or
its equivalent the whole being applied to the main bolt substantially as specified.

Also, the arrangement and application of the main bolt B with its key slides N, tumbleiB
K, catch lever M, and slide L.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the auxiliarv bolt O and its actuating appantus
(or retracting spring and system of levers operated by the knob) with one or more studded
key slides N N, a corresponding number of tumblers, a catch lever M, and a slide L, com-
•bined with the main bolt. •

Also, the combination and arrangement of the tooth z and the notches e2, or mechanicaj
equivalents therefor, with the auxiliary bolt and its system of key slides.

Also, the application of the auxiliary bolt to its supporting lever or to the lock, so that the
■aid bolt and either of the key slides, when in engagement, may be capable of bdng UMived
together in manner and under circumstances substantially ae specified.

Also, the key as constructed, with its bits separately, revolvable on a pin, in order that
either extremity of each bit may be employed in operating a key slide.

No. 37,291.~L. P. Haradon, of Independence, Buchanan county, Iowa. — Imwrovementiu
Grain Distributors, — Patent dated January 6, m63. — ^This invention consists of an inclined
telescopic tube, to be attached to the discharge spout of an elevator, by which the stream
of grain can be discharged into any of a series of openings communicating with bins or
chambers. These openings are in line, and, as the tube is prolonged or contracted, it is
brought vertically over the opening to the proper bin. This motion of the tube i^ given by
a chain and pulleys extending to the lower floor.

Claim, — First, the telescopic tube A, provided with the box C, and placed on an inclined
framing B, which has a series of spoutA D attached, in combination with the cord or chain
£ attached to the box C, and a windlass provided with a ratchet I and pawl J, or an equiv-
alent device for drawing up the box C in une with the several spouts D, all arranged as and
for the purpose specified.'

Further, the valve L, in combination with the two inclined spouts C C", and the cord or
chain N, arranged with the pulley O, loaded arm P, and the loaded lever M, as and for the
purpose specified.

No. 37,292.— Henry HiSE, Ottawa, of La Salle county, J\\.— Improvement in Gauge Coeks,-^
Patent dated January 6, 1863. — This ^improvement consists in the application to a waters
gauge cock of a collar, on which is pjaced a glass tube in which a ball valve of light material
floats on the surl'ace of the water; when the water in the boiler sinks below the valve-seat
the ball settles thereon, almost hidden from the sight of the engineer, but is plainly visible
in the tube at the proper height of water.

Claim, — The attachment of a glass tube to the column B B, in combination with the valve
D and floatiug ball I, when applied to a cock, substantially as and for the purpose beceia
specified. •

No. 37,293.— AksellN. Eellogg, of Baraboo, Sauk county, Wis. — Improvement in Print*
ers* Press, — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — This machine is designed as an improvement
in the machine known as Newbury's Mountain Jobber and Card PresH, patented July 5,
1859, and consists in improvements in delivenng the printed cards or sheets, levelling the
platen more readily and hrmly, and effecting a more perfect distribution of ink upon the ink*
roller. These parts are described in the claim wiUi great particularity.

Claim, — First, the method of delivering the printed work substantially as follows : By the
removal of the parts specified above as obstructing the free descent of the oriuted work, the
spreading of the arms a a of the platen A, the lengthening of the joint-roa ^, the inversion
of the stop-arm c, and the construction of the hiuffe e in said arm c, the position and shape
of the frisket bearers g g^ the position of the frisket screws k A, of the springs c c, «Lnd of
arms P P, the use of screw connexions at the ends of the rod t, and the flap m.

Second, the apparatus for pUing, wherever used, substantially as shown and described, to
wit: The box A:, with lip /, and throat n, the adjustable back a, and rused edge o, the fly /#
arms g g^ shaft r, crank t, rod lo, wrist y, and pivot z.

Third, the arrangement for levelling and holding the platen A, substantially as shown and
described, to wit : The use of the shouldered screws to to, and die caps F F, with their fas-
tenmgs G G' G G'.

I'ourth, the placing of the point of draught of the roller-frame forward of the centre, effected
substantially' as follows, to wit : By the use of Che pivots I and the bar m, in the positions
fhown.



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comnssioNSB of patents. 207

]f(K 37,194.— 43A!ifirEL Jjen, of Taunton, BHslol oonnty, Masflaelrasetts. — hnprowement in
nheeo^Cmtten, — ^Pbtent dated Jawmrj 6, 1863. — ^This machine is constructed for cutting
tolbaeoo, squeexing corks, and cracking nuts, and consists of a lever whose jaws impinge
non the corresponding recesses on the upper edge of a yibrating arm, uildemeath whidi are
ftloufe and nur«cracking arrangement.

Clc^.— The machine or sMcer as constructed either with the cork-squeezing jaws or the
■8t<mcking jaws, or both, arranged and combined with the lev^v and stand, applied in
Banner and so as to <^>erate together, substantially as specified.

N«. 37,195.— William Lbchler and J. K. Schupp, of Cleveland, Cujahoga county,
Qkao,—lmpr99€memi in M<mU'B9%t$ for Casting Ptoflkr Whed9, — ^Patent dated January
6^ 1663.— The propeller blades, having to assume in their relative positions the form of a
seiew, aie moulded separately in boxes, which are afterwards suitably connected for a cast-
iar to be made of the complete propeller with its blades.

In the separate mould-boxes is a mould-block whose face is worked to coireepond with the
tide of the pattern to be used, the pattern being the counterpart of the blade ; the monld-
bhKk firing the position and inclination of the pattern in the mould so as to come together.
t» its nUows with the right pitch.

Cbm.— Makiny the mould-box for casting propeller wheels in sections A A A A, sub-
ilnliiUy as desenbed, each section to correspond to a wing or blade of said wheels, which
BeetioBs, when fitted toge^r with the moulds in them, will constitute a complete mould for
a solid (HTopeller wheel, substantially in the manner described.

Alfo, in combination with the mould-box for a propeller wheel as herein described, the
moold block or bed D, substuitially in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

No. 37,296b — ^Henry Lexbert, of Norristown, Montgomery county, Pa. — Improved Com"
puitionfor GdMpotoder. — Patent dated January 6, 18(53. — ^Tbe proportions vary for different
pvposes. That for blasting may consist of prussiate of potash, two parts ; chlorate of
potash, one part ; nitrate of soda, or other nitrous oxide, ten parts ; sawdust or charcoal,
ttm pirns ; sulphate of soda» one part; sulphur, four parts ; quicklime, one part ; sal am-
moniac, two parts.

C(s»».— Prussiate of potash, chlorate of potash,^ nitrate of soda or its e<juivalent, sawdust
or its equivalent, sulphate of soda and sulphur or its equivalent, substantially as and for the
pvpois herein set forth.

Ko. 37,297. — John Madden, of Toungstown, Mahoning county, Ohio. — Improvement in
&» &ts.— Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^The object is to obtain a set of a peculiar char-
acter, m which the tooth is not merely deflected to ao an^le with the plane of the saw-blade,
bm receives a sharp deflection at the base of the tooth, and then resumes its original direction.
This is accomplished by making the working edge of the upper or moving die of an outline
to correspond with the desired set ; and the anvil or lower die of two pieces, one lower than
theodier, over the joint between which the tooth is ^^ected, and again assumes upon the
lower one its original line of direction.

Ctsui.— First, the male die G, in combination with the female dies J J' and M, when
eoostraeted and operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

Second, the peculiar form or shape of the teeth as shown in Fig. 7.

Ifo. 37,S9d. — John Marchbank, of Lansingburg, Rensselaer county, N. T. — Improvement
is FriaUmg Floar^Cloths, 8fc. — Patent dated Januaiy 6, 18(53. ^The improvement consists in
(he Ipiepanuion of a cell box, whose cells are charged with the appropnate colors, into which
pmctmg pins of the printing block aro dipped and transferred to the doth.

The ccSs are filled by plates having movable pins, which are arranged to agree with the
pattern, ooe plate to a color, and the pins dipped in color and Chen introduced into the cells
whiigiog tneir paint therein — the pins being distributed in the plates by means of a per-
orated card.

C/sM.~First, the printing of designs or patterns on oil and other floor-cloths by means
of bloclu provided with pins or projections arranged at such a distance apart and used in
eomexioQ wi;h a box contamiug colls supplied with different colored paints or with a pad or
ctthjQQ sappUed therewith, substantially as herein described.

Second, tDe feeders or devices for supplying the cells or the pad or cushion H with the
Mceaiary colors, the same being composed of plates £ K' £'' E"^provided with pins d, sub-
itto^lj as set forth.

Third, the perforated card or paper D as a means for disposing or distributing the pins d
IB the plates £ £' £" £'", so as to supply the cells b of the box B, or the pad or cushion
vith the several colors, that they may be taken up by the blocks to print the desired design
wpaUem.

Ho. 37,299.— Henrt Messer, of Roxbury, Norfolk county, Mass. — Improvement in Air
l>fw«f.— Patent dated Januaiy 6, 18(53.— In this single-acting enpne the pump piston is
■^^tMBsiy, and the pump cylinder has a vertical reciprocating motion to help the descent by



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208 ANNUAL BEPOBT OF THB

il8 weight Witbin the statioiuiry cylindcfr it a workhig piston, vider which the heated «ir
is admitted to rai«e it ; upon this is a pomp cylinder wmch, as it is elerated, caoaes ^be ata^
tionary pump piston relatively to descend, forcing the air contained in the pump cylindflr
through the piunp piston heaid and the pipe connected therewith to the heated air jackal
which surrounds the cylinder and the furnace, and from which the latter is supplied with ait.

The space above the piston is in the meanwhile beine supplied with exterior air by a valve.
On the descent of the working piston and pump cylinder the air above the stationary platan
is driven through the piston nead as before described. Suitable induction and eductioa
valves are provided in a chamber with a removable cap to afford access thereto.

C/atm.—First, the combination with a stationary pump piston of a pump cylinder attached
to and having a reciprocating movement corresponding with the working piston, auhatan*
tially as and for the purpose herein specified.

Second, the arrangement of the valve chest H, valves I J, and the movable front plata u
of the chest, whereby provision is made for getting at the valves substantially aa '
described.



No. 37,300.— Daniel Mills, of Pateiaon, Passaic county, N. J.^Jmynmememt im IFta
blind Fastenings, — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — This fastening is intended to hold in any
position the slats of a Venetian blind shutter. The connecting^ Mr is secured by ^n eyelet to
each of the slate excepting one, to which it is attached by a hinge, one leaf of which ia «i
the bar and the other on the slat ; the pintle of this hinge is a thumb-screw, and damped bj
it the slats are all held firmly.

Claim, — ^The combination and arrangement of the adjustable hinged fattening mb d wUh
a window blind, substantially as and for the purpose described.

No. 37,301.-8. G. Morrison, of Williamsport, Lycoming county, Pa. — ImprovenutU im
Lamps, — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — By means of a conducting wick of smaller seo-
tional area than the flame wick, the supply of oil carried to the latter is diminished.

Claim, — The distributing tube B, lyith the composite wicks C C C, and flame wick dd^ia
connexion with the conducting wick A a, so as to lessen the amount of oil raised by capil-
lary attraction to the flame, the amount of wick exposed to the oil reservoir being about on^
third of that supplying the flame, the whole constructed and operating substantially as fp^
cified.

No. 37,302.— Thomas Northey, of St Mayhew Parish, Cornwall, England.— /ai/r«M>
ment in Trunk Engines. — Patent dated January 6, 1863.— This invention consists in the con-
struction of the inductive and eductive valve by which tl^e steam is admitted to the cylinder
on that side of the piston on which the trunk is situated, and, after it has produced a stroke of
die piston by its direct action on that sid^ to pass to the opposite one and produce the recum
stroae by the expansive action on the laiger area of the latter side, producing a imif^nn
development of power in both motions bv the proportionment of the respective areas.

Claim, — The combination with a trunk engme of a valve G, appliea and operating sub-
stantially as and for the purpose herelA specified.

No. 37,303.— Oscar B. Olmstead, of Rockton, Winnebago county, 111.— /mjrroped Smgmr
Evaporator. — Patent dated January 6, 1863.— A smaller furnace is placed alongside of the
main furnace, with its bottom on a lower level, so that the coals falling through the grating
on to the false bottom of the main furnace may be raked into the auxiliary lumace and there
utilized.

Claim, — ^First, the combination of the auxiliary furnace E with the main furnace A, when
arranged and operating as described for the purpose set forth.

Second, constructing the main furnace A with a double bottom, substantially as and for
the purpose specified.

No. 37,304.— Stephen R. Parkhurst, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement in Mackiner^
for Feeding Carding Engines, — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^This table is a rotary wire-
toothed cylinder, which receives the wool, carries it to the toothed roller, which passes it upon
the table and thence to the picking cylinders, which revolve slowly and open the knots and
bunches preparatory to their bein^ removed by the ** licker-in*' to the carifing engine. Any
fibre which may have dropped during this operation is brought back to the revolving table by
the endless apron which revolves beneath.

C/oim.— First, the cylindrical rotary feeding table ^, to supply the fibrous material to the
cleaning or carding machine, substantial! v as specified.

Second, the roller L in combination witn the said cylindrical rotaiy feeding table g, for the



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