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wheel having depresstons on its periphery in which the links are retained ; by which ar-
rangement the buckets are allowed to descend to the lowest point, and passing axonikd a
roller to again take their place upon the wheel and ascend to fulfil their rotmd.

Claim. — First, in combiflation with the pulleys A and B, an endless chain of buckets
C, constructed as described, with overlapping wings F, to prevent the waste of water, the
whole operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

Second, connecting the said buckets C by gudgeons D^ fitting in eyes D, the said pasts
being located directly over the centre of the buckets when full, and lis other respects so ar-
ranged that each bucket shall be suspended in a peipendicular position, as explained.

No. 87,356.— John C. Nye, of Cincinnati, Ohio.^Fmprovemeni im Breeck-iomding Fin-
arms, — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^This is an attached stud to the rear end of and be eeath
the key or gate, so that, as the latter is raising for loading, the stud cooies in contact with
the end of the barrel, withdrawing the plunger about one-tenth of an inch, thus breaking
the adhesion caused by firing.

Claim,— The arm G attached to the key or gate 0, substantially as described in the spoai*
fication and shown in the accompanying drawings.

No. 37,357.— Milton J. Palmer, of Homer, Cortland county, N. Y., and Hekrt S. Iv-
GALLS, of Groton, Tompkins county, N. Y. — Improtement in Churn Dasher. — ^Patent dated
January 6, 1863. — ^This revolving chum dasher is rectangular, and consists of two arms,
into wmch the journal pins are dnven ; these are connected at their ends by a couple of con-
cave beaters or half cylinders, and the cylinders again ^connected by slats placed obliqody
to the axis of rotation.

Claim, — ^The mannw of setting the slats e c across the dash from float to float, with their
side faces at an angle to the plane in which the dash revolves, when used in combination
wiUi said floats a a, substantially as above described.

No. 37,358.— Charles W. Pearce, of Oakhill, Green county, N. Y.— liiiproaem«af im
Coffee and Spice Mill, — Patent dated January 6, 1663. — This is a double mill, haviof a
double rotaiy grinder on one shaft, with a hopper so constructed, with a partition and vaTve,
as to direct the contents of the hopper to either side at will, so as to admit of the two sides
beim^ used for diflerent purposes.

Claim, — ^The acyustable plate or valve G, placed in the hopper E, in combination with (he
double-rotary grinder A, placed within the case C, lubstantiaUy as and for the purpose henin
set forth.

No. 37,359.— Wesley Powers, of Preston, Chenango countv, N. Y,— Improved Wimdmo
Clothes Dryer, — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^This machine is mtended for exposing clothes
to dry outside of a window, and consists of an upright bar, stepped into a socket upon the
window sill,, and held at its upper end by an extension rod between the sides of the windsw
frame. Through mortices in this bar slidm? arms, arranged radiallv, extend out from the
window in a fan-8hiq)e, and to the end of these arms are bars makiog them of a T-ahape,
with cords run around the spindle, and outwardly around the T*riiaped heads of the caaial
zods for the clothes to be hung upon.

Claim, — ^First, the arrangement of a swivel bar A, secured by means of gudgeons ma' to
the casing of a window, in combination with sliding arms C, provided with lines «, all con-
structed and operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein shown and
described.

Second, the combination and arrangement of the swivel bar A, line-eanying aroM O, and
extension bar B, as and for the purpose specified.

Third, the arrangement and combination of the swivel ban A, Ifaie-canying ana* O, aad
aovable §iop g^ as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,860.— JoflBPH BBCKEHDORfVR, of New York, N. Y.-^kmpromemsmt im Lead Fsa-
d^s.— Patentdaiad JanoMy 6, 1863.— This bkeklead pencil has a diflfeieBt grade of haidmts
at each end, and a dividing line with indications on each half of the fhaiacto' of tha to^
tainedlead.



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cemamvmBSL of paxehts. ^19

CMb.— l%ft Mw Artiele of manufaotiiro liemn desoribed, vis., a wood-oased blMk4ead
ptaeS, haTing diileieiit gndee of hardness at the opposite ends, and indicating on its ezte-
igctto ohanicter and the anoont zemaioing of each grade, suhstantiallj as above set forth.

Bo. 37,361.— JdElCHABL BiTNBR, of Viocennes, Knoic county, Indiana. — Improvement in
ProjtetiU fyr Ordnance, — Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in
■ttachjng a vulcaiiixed India-rubber or gutta-percha sabot to a leaden projectile.

CUm^— The eombinatioD of a leaden ordnance projectile with a vulcanized India-rubber
or Tokaniied gutta-percha, or a combination of vulcanized India-rubber and vulcanised
gtfta^MEcha wad or sabot, for the purpose set forth.

Kow 37,362. — Hbhrt Sii>DAL, of San Francisco, California. — Improvement in Grain Separa-
l0rf.— Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^The grain is carried up by elevators and discharged
iiA»aBanow spout, in the throat of which are distributing-boards which spread it over a
kiger enrface in descending ; it is then exposed to an upward blast of air, which carries up
iU leAue, aUowinff the heavy grain to descend ; the lighter grain and offal are then carried
isto lootfaer chamber, with several partitions, and deposited according to their comparative
levitj, the very light matters being entirely removed through the blast ian, while the heavier
f«tk» of the light grain is returned bv a spout to the elevators.

Cfsta. — ^First, the spout A, provided with distributing spouts B, as described.

Seeond, spouts A C, relatively to blast spouts F, when constructed and operating as
deienbed, for the purpose set forth.

Third, the anaiurement of chamber I, spout E, and elevator W X, for the purpose of re-
taniag a part of tne grain, as herein set forth and described.

Ko. 37,363. — John W. Smith, of Iowa Point, Doniphan county, Kansas. — Improvement in
Aee&«pu.— Patent dated January 6, 1863. — For the purpose of killing the bee-moth and its
meaxfj a chamber beneath the hive is provided with salt. A perforated slide adjustable in
llelroQt of the hive is used to decrease the size of the bee entrance and permit ventilation.
the 8idc» of the hive, which stands on a metallic plate, are chamfered off so as to be shod
vith ?-fihaped sine edffes. The inside of the hive is coated with red oxide of mercury and
beenrax, and a channel provided for uniting adjacent hives to prevent swarming by enlarg-
ing the habitation for future division.

Claim,— Tirst^ a metallic platform G, provided with a chamber <f, in which is placed salt
or its equivalent, for the purposes ^et forth. ~

Second, in combination with the platform so constructed, the chamfered beehive covered
iritlisinc or other metal, as described, for the purposes set forth

Third, coating the inside of the hive with a mixture of red oxide of mercury and beeswax,
for the porpose described.

Fourth, the combination of the perforated slide Q, with the avenue I, for the purposes
JMciibed.

No. 37,364 — ^Edwdt A. Stbvens, of Hoboken, N. J. — Improvement in Operating Ordnanee,
•-fftteiit dated January 6, 1663. — ^The muzisle of the gun is d^reesed to an apOTture in the
ieek, BO that it may be loaded from a lower deck; here, a charge on a verticidly vibrating
Boiis mised by steam-power to a position in line and between the muzzle and the rammer;
m nminer under the impulse of a piston in a steam cylinder then rams home the charge ;
. after filing, the sponge is operated by the same means, and a water-pipe is conducted through
the sponge block and provided with small ejecting tubes to wet the bore of the gun.

Cium, — First, so depressing the muzzle of a gun that it may be loaded from beneath the
^•ne on which it is placed, through an aperture I In the floor or deck, in the manner and
ier (be purpose substantially as set forth.

Second, the use of a steam cylinder J for loading and sponging a g^n, substantially as
dMcdbed.

lliird, the emi>loyment, in combination with a rammer L, operated by steam power, of a
ywhanical contrivance O o, substantiaUv as described, for raising the charge and presenting
it between the rammer and the muzzle ot the gim.

Fourth, the use of a steam cylinder for elevating the charge, substantially in the manner
flsriuDed.

nMb, the employment, in combination with means for loading a gun by steam power, of
■MM for injecting water into the bore, substantially as describe.

9ok 37,a6a^— fiowui A. ST£?£li8, of Hoboken, N. J .^Improvement in Sighting Ontu.—
hket dated January 6, 1863. — ^The object of this in^>zovoment is to provide means £ox
taoteguM to a given angle with the axis of the vessel, o)r to train them on an object
vUette nniMur remain? beneath the |pun deck. There is attached beneath the deck to the
lUof the pivoted gun, a graduated index plate by which its horizontal bearing may be
Mii A tikiicepic tube, wiw two rectangular bends and



reotangtuar bends and with reflecting mixrors at the
■iiii is se placed at to be used firom beiuSith the deck ; two of these may oe so situated as
^ani a beee of eaffieiei^ length io obtain by simultaneous obeervation the distance by tri-
jll^iiatisn. Two screw prop^lers, working in contrary directions, rotate the vessel so an to
«ag the guns to bear on the required point.

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220 AN5UAL BEPORT OF 1«B

Claim. — First, tbe nse of a fradnated index plate, situated between the gon deck^ te
pointing the guns of war vessels, substantially as described.

Second, the use of gpraduated index plates for turning the guns of war ressels, in combi*
nation with two screw propellers for turning war vessels, for the purpose speci^ed.

Third, a telescope F V*, constructed substantially as described, in combination with a i^
volving gun-carriage, for the objects specified.

Fourth, the use of two telescopes, constructed substantially as described, for obsernn^
from within or below a protected structure the distance and position of an object, for the
purpose specified.

No. 37|366.— Henrt H. Swift, of Hart's Village, Dutchess county, N. Y.^lmprvmi
Mode of AtUuking CIdmneyi to Lamps. — Patent dated January 6, 1063.—- A wire wpnom
about tbe circumference of the inside of the burner, but of an oval shi^ is attached throusn
'aoles to the burner. The spring beinff sprung round, the j^ass is inserted, and whan tM
spring is released it assumes the oval form and clamps on the shoulder or flange at the foot
of the chimney.

Claim, — ^The spring E, bent or curved in bow form, and applied to the burner A, iiib8te»>
tially as and for tne purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,367.— -LoRBNZO P. Teed, of White Deer Mills, Union county, Feaan.^Improvemem
ta Shaker Frames for Threshing Machines,— F&iQni dated January 6, 1863.— This frame hat
a longitudinal and vertical motion, and its bottom or floor consists of slats inclined towards
the rear ; from the forward edges of these slats project forked rods, which, under the impulse
of the jerking reciprocating motion of the frame, push forward the lig^t refuse which lies
upon the frame while the grain falls down between the slats.

Claim, — k shaker frame having inclined slats £ and forked rods d d^ arranged and opm^
ating substantially as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,36a— Samuel Vanstonb, of Providence, R. l.-^InufrovemaU in Maehinegfor RoO'
ing and Forging Metals, — Patent dated January 6. 1863. — ^The object is to form by rolling
and forging an article which has to assume a round exterior shape. The metal to be operated
upon is placed on a rolling rest and ckimped between disks. Shaping rollers, which are
simultaneously rotated by gearing, are then brougpht in coimexion with the heated metel,
and, revolving by contact l]^tweeu these, it assumes an outline the counterpart of their ak^Mb
A hammer suitably operated works upon the upper edge or suj^Sbum, and the metal is auataiiied
below by an anvil roller.

Claim, — First, the combination and arrangement, as set forth, of the two shaping loUoa
B B' and the rolling rest or anvil roller D, in connexion with a suitable device for holding
the metal while it is behig rolled, substantially as herein shown and described, for the pur*
pose specified.

Second, in combination with such arrangement of rollers, a suitable hammer for weldkig
and assisting in shaping that portion of the metal which is being rolled, so that the ibm
ms^ be vollM and hammered at the same time, substantially as herein specified.

Third, the construction and arrangement of the damping disks J J, substantially aa da»
scribed for the purpose specified*

No. 37,369.— George W. White, of New York, N. Y.-^Improvement in Breeeh4oadimg /Srs-,
arms.— Patent dated January 6, 18i53. — ^This is a method or closing and opening the breech-*
j^iece for firiuf^ and reloading. A block or breech-pin, having a projection which enters and
tits tbe bore, is first withdrawn toward the roar until the projection is clear of the boie and
then depressed so as to leave the rear of the bore open tor the introduction of a cartride&
These motions are effected bv the partial rotation of a cylinder which works in a vertical slot
in the gun-stock behind the barrel, being rotated by an arm which forms the trigger guard,
and depressed by a pin fast to the stock which traverses a cam-shaped groove in the cy under.

Claim, — First, the method of closing the bore by means of a breech-pieoe, constructed and
operated substantially as set forth.

8econd, the maimer of ^ving to the breech-piece the two motions described, that is to say,
the combination of the sand piece with the rotating cylinder by the pin A, substantially as set
forth.

No. 37,370.— Heman A. Ashley, of Springfield, Clark county, Ohio, assignor to Woluak
BiDENOL'lt and Maiilon K. Bised, of the same ^l&oe.-^Improvement in Half and CatUm
Pffst.— Patent dated January 6, 1863.- The object of this improvement is to construct a
press in which the power exerted may be continuous and in the same direction. This it
effected by throwing one or the other of the windlasses into gear with the spur-wheel which
is rotated by the lever; in one case operating the toggle joint and bringing a powerful and
ffradnally accumulative force to bear upon the bar, and in the other case withdrawing the
Ukllowers to admit of the hay -box being recharged

CUvnn, — ^The arrangemtot of windlasses J «r, lever K, pinions I P, spur-wheel H, iMi
cords L L, attached or connected respectively to the toggle M N, and directiy to tbe piatona,
in the manner and for the objects stated, when eombined with hooks F F* hinged to mA
other aiid to the ixame and adapted to open and close both doors £ £" at once, in the wmo^
ner sot forth.



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OOlfHISSIONEB OF PATENTS. 221

TS<k 37,371.— E. T. Ford, of Bnffihlo, N. T., assignor to Walter A. Wood, Hoosick Fails,
K. Y, ^Improvement in Harvesters, — ^Patent dated January 6, 1863. — ^The improvemeiit cooi-
aiits in the constraction in one piece of the yoke and tongue plate, in which is socketed the
main axle which forms the pintle on which the yoke is hingea.

C/siM.— An independent yoke or seat and tongue plate, cast in one piece, and hinged to
tlis main axle, in Uie manner and for the purpose substantially as described.

No. 37,372.— jABfES Hatfield, of Ogden, Henry county, Indiana, assiapior to Himself
and John Wall, of Falmouth, Indiana. — Improvement in Fences. — Patent dated January Q,
1863.— The boards are nailed to vortical slats alternately on either side. A slot in the boi-
Ism of the slat sets oyer a foot piece placed on ed^ for a support; the two bottom boards
of saeh panel are inserted through mortises in the foot piece, thus locking it fast.

CIswi.— The manner of keying the posts to the foot stays or braces by means of the two
bottom boards <^ each panel, as shown and described.

ho, 37,373.— Russell B. Perkins, assignor to Parker & Perkins, of Meriden, Conn.
'■^Hfroved Tinned Iron 5p<Nmf.— Patont dated January 6, 1863.— This improvement con-
sists m extiending the neck of the bowl to form a short flat tongue wide enough, when fully
shaped, to partially enclose the handle and made to fit accurately by stamps and dies ; a
rivet is passed tlurouffh to secure the two parts, which are then tinned as usual.

Cifltm.— Joining the handle and bowl of an iron spoon together, in the manner specifically
ai set forth herein.

Koi 37,374. — Sahubl S. Sherwood, of Acquackanock, Passaic county, N. J., assignor to
Self and Alexander Douglass, of English Neighborhood, N. J. — Improvement in Hooped
^fttfts.— Patent dated January 6, 1863. — For each intersection of the suspending tapa
and hoop a mortised clasp of thin sheet metal is provided *, the tape is slipped through the
mortise, and the hoop being laid upon it, the ends of the clasp are bent over, embracing both
and boldmg the tape with a half-round and turn.

Cfstm.-~rhe mortised clasp, constructed as described, in combination with the tapes and
bops of the lady's skirt, substantially as set forth.

Ko. 37,375. — J. £. Sturdy, of Augusta, Eennebeck county, Maine, assignor to Himself
Hid C. H. Sturdy, of same place. — Improvement in Water £l2eiM»tor«.— Patent dated Jan-
iiaiy 6^ 1863. — ^In this elevator the discharging spout is attached to the bucket, and as it risej
toifvds the top a cam, formed of two pieces or lips with a space between, comes in contact
w^ a plate whtc^h draws the bucket round to a proper position, a stirrup under the spout is
thea-cHight by a hook, tilting the spout down and projecting the nose of it through the hole
ia the weU-curb* and a lever operates a valve in the bottom of the bucket to discharge the
water.

CSbMi.— First, tiie attaching <^ the spent I to the bucket D, substantially aa shown, in
camhinarion with a Isver H, and valve G, all arranged in the manner shown, so that said
Bpoat may be tihed at the proper time, and the valve raised in order to admit of the water
hnig diseharged from the backet, as described.

Second, the cam N, and lips k A, attached to the bucket D, in combination with the pen*
^ent plate O attached to the rising and falling bar L, arranged to operato as and for the pUi-
pose q)ecified.

Ko. 37,376. — ^LeBoy S. White, of Watorfaury, Conn., assignor to Himself and Henry
A CSAPIN, of Bridgeport, Conn. — Improvement in Breech-loading Fire-arms. — Patent dated
iaanary 6, 186:}. — ^The sliding breech-piece works on guides at its forward and rear parts,
lod is withdrawn from contact with the barrel by depression of the lever guard, which, being
•ttKfaed at its forward end to the sliding breech-piece and to the stationarv stock by a link,
Mts as a toggle to withdraw the breech-piece horizontally. When closed the square end of
tte Imk comes against a shoulder of the breech-piece to hold it against the recoil.

CUioi.— first, so constructing the sliding breech-piece C and combining it with anon*
Mng stock and a non-sliding barrel that its main or body portion is suspeuded in a space,
^tthsut hehiff supported by gokies or ways, while its front portion d and its rear portion e
Ke SDpported by goides. The said rear and front portions d e being solid with the body
pMtiea, Bcibstamiaily as and for the purpose described.

teaidv the oombination of the breech-piece C, when made with the parts d e solid to it,
^ Uit liocl^ontal guides mac, lever g^rd G, link H, non-sliding barrel A, non-sliding
ilNkB, the whole constructed and operating as described.

%d, the combination of the shoulder j9, link H, lever guard G, breech-piece C i «, stock
If* Bl B3, and play-hole 9^, all substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.
J w mUt , the combination of the spring guard G, link H, breech-piece C i s, stock B B' B2
w^aad the pins f f2 ^3, arranged so that they are out of line when the guard is closed, all
'^tatiaUy as and for the purpose set forth.

_JStti, so arranging the dovetail guide m that it serves the double function of keeping the
"^^ in plaoe and of holcUmg the tail a of the breech-piece G in position, substantially



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223 ANKUAL REPORT OF THB

Sixth, the oombhiAtion of the hamner D and ito aetnsting^ QMohaoim wtth tlie
hreech-pieoe C d e^ non-slidiiig barrel and nou-slidiiig stock, all in the maaner berelB ds-
scribed.

No. 37,377.— Benjamin Rhodes, of Old Ford Road Row, Middlesex, Enriand, aaaigMr
to James McGearV, of Salem, Mass.— /nMn-ooemeiK im Affaratm for the M mn ^ m ctm re tf
Tubes, Pipes^ ^irc— Patent dated January 6, 1883.— Patented in England April 19, 1862.—
This machine consists of a tank of melted bitumen with a fhraace beneath, in which reToIrei
a mandril in suitable bearinc and turned by a crank. Above the mandril is a roller oontaSn-
ing paper or other fabric, wnich is fed down continuously through a slot to the badi of Mt«>
men and wound upon the revolving mandril until the cylinder of bitumeoised paper, Ae.^ U
of sufficient strength and thickness. It is then taken out and revolved a^^ainst a poHshiaf
cylinder, which, as well as the other cylinders, may be cooled by a circulation of cold water
through them ; ond in plcMie of the mandril, solid at the ends, a cylinder of wire gansB mmj,
be employed, upon which to wind the fabric and form the pipe.

Claim. — First, the General construction and arrangement of parts of the machinery or ap-
paratus herein described and as shown in the accompanying drawings, for the pur p o aw aet
forth.

Second, the use or employment of a perforated cylinder or roller, or a cylinder eorapoaad
of wire gauze covering, revolving in a bath of bitumen, or its equivalent, tor the pitn>o*e of
insuring the more thorough saturation and coating of the material employment mr nmning
pipes.

Third, the use or employment of cold water circulatin|f through the top pressure ToDer tad
the cooling and polishing cylinder of pipe-making machmes.

Ko. 37,378.— Norman Allen, of West Meriden, Conn.— /mprowrf Lamp4igkting Device,
— Patent dated January 13, 1863. — ^This invention consists of an oil chamber and a lonj^ wick
tube, by means of which a lamp may be lighted without removing the chimney.

Claim, — The combination of the chimney or receptacle A, tube 6, and wick 0, all arranged
substantially as shown and described to form a new and improved article for the pnipoM
specified.

No. 37,379.— Joseph H. Atwater, of Providence, R. L-^Copying Pres«.— Patent

dated January 13, 1863.— The object of this invention is to provide a portable box copying
press with an adjustable platen to suit the varying thickness of the copying book or paper.

Claim, — A box copying press, for the purpose of taking a copy of writing and for the pro-
tection and safe-keeping of the copying book, as herein descritHOcL

No. 37,380.— Benjamin T. Babbitt, of New York, N. Y, ^Improved Armor Platet for
Ships and other Batteries. — ^Patent dated January 13, 1863. — ^The invention consists in a pe-
cuhar dovetailed construction of the narts forming the armor plating, by an arrangement of
bars laid crosswise, and cast metal filling.

Claim, — Having the bars B C made m wedge form and combined in the manner shown
with the bars A and the cast metal filling, all as set forth.

No. 37,381.— Jason T. Bartlett and Edward E. Butman, of Boston, SaMk
county, Mass. — Improvement in Trusses. — Patent dated January 13, 1863. — ^This improve-
ment consists in the adjustment of the pad to its position, and securing it there by meant of
a ball and socket joint with temper screws and an arm projecting from uid secured to the
spring.

C/nim.— The arraogement of the two screws D E with the ball and socket of the pad and
its arm C, substantially as specified, the arm being applied to its spring by devices to admit
of its adjustment, substantially as explained.

No. ^,382.— Edward and John Bourne, of Pittsburg, Fean.-^Improvement w Steam
Oenerators. — ^Patent dated January 13, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in the applkatioB
of a vertical rod with short levers attached, one operating on the fire door and the other en
the ash-pit door, so as, by its upward motion, to open the feed door and damp the fire, aod
by its downward motion to open the ash-pit door and blow the fire, the rod being actuated to



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 24 of 164)