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these movements by attachment to a lever and rod and elastic head in the steam chamber,
and by its elevation to help raise the safety-valve when necessary.

Claim, — ^The combination and arrangement of the short levers T and K and rod W with
the elastic head r in the chamber C, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as
herein set forth.

Also, assisting the safety-valve to rise when necessary by means of the rod W acting
against the lever H that holds the valve down for the purpose of enabling the steam to eocspe,
as herein set forth.

No. 37,383.— Francis S. Burt, of Mount Pleasant, Henry oountv, Iowa.— /m^seaieat
is Pumps, — ^Patent dated January 13, 1863.— This pump consists of a reciprocating piston



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COHMISBIONBR OF PATBlff1P8. HS

wdtiag ifl a sftbraergod chamber in the well, and so arranged in combination with a sliding
TslTe ami at each throw of the valve it uncovers the ingress opening and discharges at the
f^iess, the vahre moving hj the pressure of the water as the piston is moved.

dm. — ^Tbe combination of the piston D and the slide valve U, working in separate com-
nrtomts £ G in the pomp chamber A, in connexion with the tube B and the water passage
I in the aide and top of the chamber A, and the induction openings g g g g' mthe side of the
sud chamber, all being conatrncted and arranged as and for the purpose herein set forth.

lio. 37,3^— John GL Chapuan, of Charlestown, Middlesex county, Mass.— /fl»/»f<?»«-
Mtf im Boring amd Squaring Off Cylituiers.—F Aient dated Januarv 13, 1863.— This tool
cMMiate of an eccentric cvlindrical cutter head hung upon an arbor between the centres of
a Utbe, to be rotated inside the cvlinder to be operc^ed upon. The cutters are set radially
iitfaft cotter head, and an annular sleeve on one end of the cutter head has a projection
which prevents it firom rotaUng, and pins aro set in the periphery of the cutter head, which,
as thej come in contact with said projection, rotate the cutter bead on its arbor, wlilch con-
ti&vea to move, and by the screw within feeds the cutter head along longitudinally. By
M CflM of a slide at the end of the arbor rest, the tail screw is set eccentrically with the arbor
to the necessaiy degree. The squaring-off tool is placed at the end, and its feed movement
isndial, by sliding- cutter heads operating within tne recess of the face plate wheel, pinion,
and Bdew throogh the shank of the cutter head.

€M«.— The cylinder, or cutter head, or stock E, with eccentric P attached, in combi-
natioa with the ring G, placed on the eccentric, and having its periphery provided with
pm • and the nut B, fitted within the ring, and connected with the ring Q through the
medium of the slot or groove m and roller /, the above parts being fitted on the arbor A as
ibofrn, and all arranged to operate as and for the purpose heroin set forth.

Alsoi the cylinder H, with the eccentric U, having tho ring T fitted on it with pins r
attached, in combination with (he plate I, provided with the toothed rim Q, the screw shaft
0, Man P P, and cutter slides K K, all arranged substantially as and for the purpose set

Also, the socket W, when arranged with a slide T, containing the hole v for the centre
point, as shown; but this is dumed only when used with the implement or tools herein
shown and described.

Ilo. 37,3^.~GeoReB Cominos and Louis Mensino, of New York, N. Y.— Improvement
in M^kiwes for Manufacturing Chenille, — Patent dated January 13, 1863.— The gimp and
the two threads which are to form the warp are wound upon their respective rollers, and are
eo placed by guides that, as the weft of the gimp is cut by the knife, one of the warp
tmds of the chenille is above and the other below the gimp, clasping the threads, while
iIk original cords on which the gimp was wound pass away to a reel or otherwise. The
tivo warp threads being twisted, the embraced gimp assumes its spiral character.

Claiai.— The combination of a cylinder H and knife L with devices for conveying the
gimp and thread, substantially as herein shown and described.

Also, having the gimp arranged and carried upon cords /, as herein set forth, so that
cbeniUe in pieces of any desired length may be produced as set forth,

Ko. 37,386.— Franklin M. Crossett, of Piermont, Rockland county, N. Y,— Improve-
mmtin Door Latches. — Patent dated Januaiy 13, 1863. — ^The invention consists in making
a k»p on the inner end of the door latch, with a bevelled surface at its end, upon which a
ilapmg projection on the spindle works by simply pulling, thus retracting the latch within
the case.

Claiai.— The loop D, formed at the inner end of tbe latch B, and provided with the bevelled
eod or amface e, in combination with the projection d on the sliding spindle £, aU arranged
nbstantiaUy as and for the pmpose herein set forth.

Xo. 37,387.— Henry G. Davis, of New York, N. Y,— Improvement in Cr»fcA«s.— Patent
dated January 13, 1863. — ^This handle is adjusted vertically by a thimble and set-screw in
te shaft of tt^ crotch, and is on the outside.

Clciai.— An adjustable handle E, constructed and arranged to serve, in connexion with
the itaff, as and so as to realize the advantages herein set forth.

No. 37,388.— AmjREW J. Eddy, of Brooklyn, N. Y. — Improvement in Moulds for Cast'
in SteUj.— Patent dated January 13, 1863. — ^This improvement consists in the employment
wathoaldered metal bush around the core, to support it independently of the sand of which
tk moold is formed, to prevent the displacement of the core. The core bar and metal bush
■reiaade fast to the bed piece.

Cloia.— The metal bush or collar BE, constructed and applied in combination with the
^ B, bed piece A, and core bar £, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

S«. 37,389.— J. P. Driver, of Marengo, Iowa. — Improvement in Machines for Casting
^Ukt.— Patent dated January 13, 1863.— A series of mould blocks, each carrying a hemi«
spbeneal depression in each of its &ces, are attached to an endless band or chain, and are



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224 usmuAL sepoot of the

thus fed andar a vpout bj wUtk melted lead is penred into ibem. From tMs tbey pMS to a
loUer, which, as it slightly sways the apron upt partially opens the moulds, vboee opper
edges have a depression which connects the gates of the moohls, and the lead in this da pre ^
sion forms a ** sprue" which is removed by the cutter, leaving the bullet cleui. Aa ibe
endless band posses over the roller at its point of descent, the moulds are opened and the
bullet token out by a picker.

Claim. — First, tho employment in casting bullets of an endless series of moulds carried
by one or more endless belts or chains, or connected together to form an endless chain,
by whose movement around two drums the moulds are opened and closed, substantially as
herein sped tied.

Second, the combination with the endless series of moulds of a knife or kniTos, applied
substantially as herein described, to cut off the sprues of the bullets.

Third, the roller G, applied in combination witn the endless series of moulds, substantially
as and for the purpose herein specified.

Fourth, the tootned spring i i, applied in combination with the endless series of moulds,
and operating as herein specified.

Fifth, the combination of the endless series of moulds, the roller G, the melting pot £,
the knives see, and the toothed springs g g g, the whole arranged and operating substan-
tially as herein described.



No. 37,390.— Henry H. Elwell, of South Norwalk, Fairfield county, Conn.—/ _
ment in Locks, — ^Patent dated January 13, J8U3. — The object of this invention is to so <
struct a lock that it maj be made to answer for a right or left-hand door by inversion, and
in both cases admit oi the key being introduced in a proper position ; that is to say, bit
downward. The bolt of the lock consists of the usual square-projectiofl^ stud, and has a
wide plate, with an opening into which the*key is inserted. The interior edge of this opening
is of such a shape as to receive the impact of the key introduced in either position, and the
bolt is i-etained when thrown by duplicate tumblers, which aie so pivoted together as to aet
simultaneously when one is lifted by the bit of the key in the act of locking.

Claim. — ^Tbe plate D, with bolt C attached, and provided with the opening £, in eon-
nexlon with the tumblers H U and keyhole F, arranged substantially as and for the purpose
herein set forth.

No. 37,391.— George Esterly, of White Water, Walworth county, VHs^—lMprovemad
in Harvesters. — ^Patent dated January 13, 1863. — The improvements consist in the form Mid
construction of the frame of the machine. The side of the main frame is straight towards
the platform, and angular on the off side, being connected to the draught frame by a hinged
plank, and also by a draught chain which passes over a windlass imder the driver's seat.
From the front end of the main stem extends a short sill, to which is suspended, by bolts and
eyes, the finger bar. The point of the gatherer at the end of the finrer bar is adjustabie ver«
ticaUy by a slotted arc, a beam, and set-screw ; and the rear end of the beam and of the main
frame are connected by a curved rod, which spans the intervening space and keeps the finger
bar from sagging ; and this, acting as a brace, is called a back beam.

C/atm.— Slrst, the metal draught frame A, with its left side nearly straight and its right side
angling, and the whole otherwise constructed substantially as descril^d, in combination
wiUi the wooden plank D, driver's seat F, and foot guard e, substantially as and for the
purposes set forth.

Second, the arrangement consisting of the windlass H, draught chain I, and connexion J,
or their equivalents, m combination with a draught frame and the main frame B, substantially
in the manner described, so that the draught of the machine is always on the draught chain,
whether the sill G is stationary or being raised or lowered.

Third, the eye bolts q q, eyes o' o', and tongued and grooved plates o andp, for the pur^
pose of forming a jointed connexion between the short sul G and finger bar K, substantially
in the manner described.

Fourth, tbe combination with the elements named in the third claim of the slotted standard
L, slotted timber or beam N s, and the bolts to t, substantially in the manner and for tbe
purpose described.

Fii^h, the metal back beam O, substantially in the form represented, applied to the top of
the rear part of the main frame B B and to the top of the beam N, and standing diagonally
over the platform or across the space occupied thereby, and by its arched and otherwise bent
form being thrown high up above the same, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Sixth, the construction of the back beam in form substantially as ropresented, in combi-
nation with the diagonal arrangement thereof between the frame B and the beam N, and
with the bolts z z and washer y, or the equivalent thereof, for the purpose of taking the sag
out of the grain end of the finger bar, substantially in the manner described.

Seventh, the combination ot the back beam O, constructed in form snbetantiaUy as repre-
.^ntcd, and an adjustable platform U, substantially as described, for the purpose m aflbroing
a free discharge from the platform of the grain by means of a rake, although the pla^bna
may have been elevated at its rear end to a considerable height^ as set forth.



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COHHISMOHaB 09 PATBim. 225

EMlbi dMCOMbiBftftSeii of the baek beamO, oMUftraetod snbtteiiUAUj in form m repr»-
noted, tii Uie hinged or adjustable platform U and raker stand T, located at t)ie inner
eocBer of the platform, sabstantiallj as described and shown.

So. 37,392.— Obokgb Esterlt, of White Water, Walworth conntj, Wia.^Jmin0vement
i» Header AtUuhments to Harvesting JtfacAtJie«.— ^Patent dated Januarj 13, ]8o3. — ^This
aqvorement is intended to be attached to tho harvester (patent No. 37,391) when it is
denied to head the fl^rain. Behind the finger bar is a spoat or box, and in this is an endless
ipron, with slats wmch canrj the heads to the side, wnere thej^ are raised between aprons
op SQ inclined way, which is supported bj a brace from the main frame, and are discharged
br a conductor in one row b j means of the spout, which drags upon the stubble and lays it
sLi one way for the reception of the heads. The spout which receives the heads from the
cotter is hunf by hinges to the finger beam, and at the back is suspended from the curved
back beam whien connects the rear part of the main frame with the rear part of th^ grain-*
githering shoe, which projects into tne standine grain.

CJfftm.— First, the header attachment for harvesters combining the several elements
deKribed herein and represented in the drawing, or the equivalent thereof, for use in con-
nexion with the main frame Q, or its equivalent, of a reaper or mower, by being attached to
tfae short sill of said frame, substantially as described.

Second, in a detached header organization, substantially as described, I claim the con-
itraetion of the horiiontal and inclined portions A A' of the spout in one piece, in combi-
natioQ with the supporting of the horizontal portion by hinges on the finger beam, and by
ebains or rods <m a curved back beain, ana with the supporting and a<^usting of both
portions together by means of an acyusting bracket of the main firame Q of a harvester, sub-
sttntially ss and for the purpose set forth.

Third, in connexion with an adjustable or hinged spout A A' of a detached header, the
int of the adjusting, supporting brace z, substantially as and for the pui-pose



Fourth, leaning the stubble of the field all one way for the deposit of the grain upon it
by means of the ninged or swinging portion £, or its equivalent, of the conductor D, sub-
ittntiaUy as described.

Fifth, the combination of the back beam L, constructed substantially as described, with
the sQstaiaing rod or chain v, bracket y, support z, and grun side beam m, and with the
msin fiame Q, spoot A AS and conductor D D, substantially in the manner and for the pur-
pose dascnbed.

Sixth, providing the miun firame Q with the brackets y, support z, finctlon rollers 2 2, and
the grooved eccentric P, to receive a header attachment, substantiallv as set forth.

Serentb, the combination of the independently adjustable finger beam H and divider I
with aa independently adjustable spout A A', aprons B B, and conductor D £, substantially
IS and for the purpose described.

Ko. 37,393.— Kewton Foster, of Palmyra, N. Y. — Im prove m ent in Broadcast Seed and
Ma»are Sowers. — ^Patent dated January 13, 1863. — ^Tfais improvement consists of a seed box
cr hopper with vertical 'sides and inclined bottom, at the lower angle of which are openings
with a register plate. Pivoted to the bottom and attached at their upper ends to a recipro-
cstmg bar are a series of stirrers whose points project over the openings, aua vibrating there



preveot the cloggine of the seed or pulverulent'manure.
Cisisi.— The combinatio



^nation of the obliquely pivoted vibrating stirrers B and driving bar E,
with the inclined seed box bottom c, angular slotted portion/, and regulating slides C D, oil
in the manner heroin shown and described.

5b. 37,394.— MiKOE H. Fowler, of New York, N. Y. -^Improvement in Lanterns for Bum-
iag CaaML — ^Psitent dated January 13, 1863. — ^This improvement is intended to prevent the
draeetion of the flame caused by swinging the lantern, and consists in admittinc^ the air by
petfivafiooa in the flanged foot of the lantern and in the base of the lamp ; and in making
fctos or bearings on the lamp base, which, in connexion with the envoloping lantern foot
toil the inner projecting rim, at the foot of tho cylinder, divide that space into chambers.

GUts. — first, the perforations 6 in the flange or base a of the part A of the lantern,
i^hoi used in connexion with perforations h in the base e of the lamp E, or with other suit-
ibfe sir spaces in the bottom ot the lantern and with or without tho perforations d in the rim
^ ssand for the purpose herein set forth.
'^ and, constructing the base e of the lamp B with ledges or bearings /, substantially as
I and described, in connexion with the rim c, ot other equivalent bearing attached to
t A, for the purpose of admittiag air spaces g around the base e, -as set forth.
^, the combination of the pertbrations b in the flange or base a of the part A of the
the perforations k in the base e of the lamp; the air spaces g found by the ledges.
— I /on the base e and the rim c, or its equivalent, all arran^d as and 5w[ the pur-'
)i forth.

H.Ex. Doc. 60 16



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3^ MBsmjAL BBPoarr xw rsK

No. 37,395.-*'nBNST Obtty, of Brooklyn, N. Y.-^Impr^umtmi t» Pip^ Tmmt.^Taimk
dated Jafmary 13* 1863. *A hooJied jaw is pivoted to a lever wkose cam-fthapoa head ba« a
toothed surface; between the jaw and the cam the pipe is gripped, and acooroing as the jmt
is opened bj pressure upon tl^ thumb-piece it becomes adapteid to receive a larger pipe.

CAiim.-— First, the liook-jaw constructed aa shown in combination with a ataUoooy
serrated cam lever, for the purpose specified.

Second, in combination with the same, the finger rest D, £of the purpose set forth.

No. 37,306;— R. D. Granoer, of Albany, N. Y.-^Imprm>€munt ts Cooldmg 5toe«9.— Patent
dated January 13^ 1863. The invention consists in providing an air-cmimbftr under ths
elevated oven, between it and the flue, and conununicatiog by a pipe with the onteide air sa
as to moderate the heat of that'part of the oven; and further, in ntalring oonneiioa by aper-
tures between the flue, air-chamber, and oven.

C/atf».— First, in combination with the elevated oven, making the bottom of the ovea
double with an air space between the two, provided with a pipe j», or its equivaleat, foe the
suppi V of cold air, substantially as described, whether such air space be made to oommnnicaM
Jirectly "' ' " *' ' ^ •. -. . . • » .. -< ^ .^ ^



directly with the flue or with the oven as described, to insure the circulation of air 1
the said air-chamber, and thereby prevent the overheating of the bottom of the oven.

Second, in combination with the elevated oven, and tl^ air-chamber, at the botUm of the
oven, substantial! V as described, connecting the said oven by apertures with the said air-
chamber and the flue spaces, substantially as described, so as to cauae adcenlation of heaiai
air throuffh the oven, as described.
* Third, m combination with the two compartments, one above the other and s^Mwated by
a plate, the arrangement, substantially as described, of the apertures for the cirooladon of air
through the said ovens, whether the air be admitted so as to circulate in the lower <rren fim
the ends to the middle, and in the upper cihe from the middle toward the ends^ or «t«s 9§na,
as described.

No. 37,397.— Robert Hitchcock, of Watertown. New YoTk.—lmprevetinmitn Wimdmg
Clock$ by CurrtnU o/Jtr.— Patent dated January 13, 1863. This clock is intended to be
driven by a spring, which is kept wound by a flutter-wheel of the ** ventilator*' pattern, set
in a chimney or cSher position where a draught of air will rotate it ; the vanes are hinged,
and made self-opening and closina^ and may be used in connexion with other vases
permanently attached to the shati. The fourth claim describes an arrangement bv which the
obliquity of the vanes is recnlated from the main-spring barrel so as to diminisn the power
of the flutter-wheel when the sprinpf is nearly at its full tension.

Claim, — First, in combination with the shaft of a dock-operating curing, a flutter-wheel
constructed as described, having its vanes so connected and hinged to radial spindles on
said shaft as that tlw said vanes shall be allowed of being opened and dosed and be made
self-opeuing by their weight, essentially as shown and described.

Second, the combination for joint operation of fore-aud-at't flutter-wheels, the one having
movable or opening and closing vanes, and the other immovable ones, as described.

Third, controlling the opening and closing of the movable vanes of a flutter-wheel bj the
actioh of the main-spring of a clock, substantially as specified.

Fourth, the combination of devices consisting of the stop or stud on the nuun^spnnff haoelt
the notched wheel gearing at intervals from the former and provided with an inclinea pianay
the sliding collar on the main-spring arbor and lever, band and sliding collar operated thereiiy«
or the equivalents of these devices, for the purpose herein described.

No. 37,398.— Seth Hore, of Union City, Randolph county, Indiana.^/riiji r see ■ ewf im
Machines for Cutting Files, — Patent dated January 13, 1863. — The file blank being secured
on the bed, the cutter which is secured in a vertically vibrating frame pivoted to standards
is exposed to the blows of a hainmer which is also pivoted upon standards rising firom the bed
of the machine. The motion is given to the hammer by moans of a wheel actuating a pen*
dant rod from the end of the vibrating bar or hammer handle. lr\irtber, the shaft o2 whkh
this wheel rotates has another wheel which actuates the cutter bar by the impingement of a
cam-shaped projection on the pin of a vertically slidinff bar attached to the cutter bar. Tha
prolongation of the shafl forms a screw which moves ue rest and foods the file blank oader
the cutter.

Claim, — ^The hammto handle I, having the pendant bar K attached to it and provided
with the ledge or shoulder M, in connexion with the frame Q, provided with the cutter B»
and the bar U, provided with the projection o, the wheels E G, provided with the pins of A,
the bed B, and screw D, all arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forUi.

Also, pivoting the cutter frame Q, in slides O O, for the purpose of regulating the hnght
of said frame as described, but this only when the frame is used in oonneziefi and amn^ged
with the parts herein specified for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,399.— J. Hope, of Castleton, Yu-^Improvement in Camp 5towc— Patent datoi
January 13, 1863. — ^This stove consists of a box top of sheet metal provided with holes for the



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ooinnssioNBft or pithits. 227

ddlBDij aoD^ for a Icettle, and tbe wbole baTiag* » wide flaiwe or bottom jMe intended to be
Ml np(m the groond, and span a trencb cat in the ground "mnch acta aa a tonaoe ; the stora
l«og pinned to the ground throng holes iii its flanged base.

C(«sai.-~The top or cover A, with its flange B, its aperture d, its bdes and pina-ff • « «i its
sBde or door Q, in eombinationt constructed substaniiallj as herein described.

No. 37,40a^6oLOifOH Hunt, of Danrille, Hendricks conn^, Indiana.— ^irropeaMRl in
Mtti Mdal Cams. — ^Patent dated Jannaiy 13, 1863. — ^This appliance for the use of the tinner
<«ii8ist8 of an expansible block wround which to form and liosten the joints of a can without
Msming. The segmeaLtal blocks forming^ the shapwe aie connected with spring lerars, and
tboae are hmged to a centre block so as to hwre a simultaneous action.

CtsMk— The oombination of the levers B, springs D, bearing piece F, and segmenta A*
with or without the slide G, arranged for joint op^ation aa and for the purpose specified.

Ko. 37,401.— Frederick Kettler, of Milwaukie, Wisconsin.— /mprouwf Mode qf Raising
imkm KBssa^.— Patent dated January 13; 1863. — ^The apparatus consists of on au^er to be
tonwed into the deck of a sunken vessel, to give a point ot attachment for floats with which
to bnov the vessel to the aunCeice. The auger is rotated and screwed into the wooden deck
bj Slaking rods shad with sharp points, to a point near the auger shaft, b^ which it may be
rotated, and the screw at the foot caused to penetrate the deck. A rollejc.13 ppon the au^er-
ahift and one upon the operating rod, and a rope being passed around them and carried to
the surface is worked so as to rotate the auger and cause the thread to bury itself.

Ofaia.— First, the construction of the screw auger a A, as herein described.

Second, the screw auger, as combined with rods 11 and 12, plate 13, pulleys 14, ropes 16,
teelh c, and balloons d, when arranged as herein specified, to form the instrument or machina
C fivxaisiqg sunken vessels.

Ifo. 37,402.— Oervasb B. Manlet, of Danville, Montour county, Penn.— /nnrro««l De^



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 25 of 164)