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tisn: .oBie being taken to use no neutralizing material in the boiling process.

Ctn iii.— ^Ffast, sorghum wine, yie pa rsd sobstaotiaUy as described.

tBsesiid, ibe proeess of fonaentation, substantiaUy as described.

Mo, 37«486.«-BlOBABD O. B(WHS«, of Jeissy Cityt N. J. imi^mmmtwt in Om Pine
JMiiCs.— PataiU dated Januaiy 13, 1863.— Around the interior of the sodtst, into which ths



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233 JOniUAL BEPOET OF TES

next section of the pipe is to be inserted, is ftn annnUr recess, wMeh is east fiill <^ iMd,
leaving the lead projecting as a circular flange. The next pipe has a sUghtlj conical end,
and is forced in by a joke and screws, so as to jam firml j against the lead and make a tight
joint.

Claim. — ^The method of forming the packing bj means of casting lead or other siutabla
material in a circnlar groove in the mouth of the socket of the pipe, and into which the taper-
iug end of the succc^ing pipe is intended to be forced in the manner and for the purpose
suMtantiall J as set ibrth.

No, 37,426.— Alexander Schultz, of Mulhoune, Lyons, France. — Improved Mordant for
Fixing Aniline Cohrs. — Patent dated January 13, lti63.— This mordant is intended as a
substitute for albumen, gluten, tannin, &c, used to fix aniline colors, and arsenite of sod»
for fixing coloring matters extracted from coal oil, and in the preparation of lakes derived
firom that source.

Claim, — ^The preparation and use of the raoidsnt hereinbefore described for fixing anillkia
•r other coloring matter extracted from coal tar upon fibrous or textile material, the said mor-
dant consisting essentially in the combination in various proportions of acetate of alumina
with arsenite of soda, and whether used se^ratelv from but in connexion wither as a mix-
ture with the said coloring matter or otherwise, substantially as herein set forth.

No^ 37,487.— Richard N. Allen, of Cleveland, Ohio.— /mprovei Oil Barret.— Patent
dated January 20, 1863. — The inventor makes a cylinder of metal, the beads or disks of whioh
axe inserted by making their diameter larger than that of the cylinder, then turning thtf edges
at right angles until the lips thus formed fit exactiv in the cylinder to which they are riveted
or otherwise fastened. Around this cylinder are placed wooden staves fastened in the usual
manner. The bunghole consists of a metal ring, screwed into the head, and provided with
a cap. Through the bung runs an air-vent pipe turning at right angles and running parallel
with and near the head of the barrel to near its side, allowing the air to enter when emptying,
or to escape when filling the cask.

Claim, — ^The herein -described oil barrel or cask in which the parts are constructed, oon^
bined, and arranged in the manner and for the purpose set forth, the same being a new' article
of manufacture.

No. 37,428.-^. W. Ansley, of Cleveland, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, - -Improvement in
8kate$. — Patent dated January 20, 1863. — ^The invention consist in making a spring skate
which shall be a^'ustable to the weight of the wearer as well as possessing perfect elasticity.

Claim, — ^The arrangpement of the spring C, stem £, pivoted or jointed to the runner, a^us*
table plate H, and so^Lct D, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

No. 37,429.— Daniel Armel, of Somerset, Somerset county, FA,^Improvemont in Han
Hakes. — ^Patent dated January ,20, 1863. -rThe object of this invention is to provide modes el
placmg the rake under the control of the driver. This is effiocted bv two foot levers on a
roller on the foot board of the driver, one of which trips the rake and discharges the hay,
and the other restores it to its working position.

Claim, — ^The combination of the tread-lever C with the platform A, seat &, and arms//',
substantiaUy as and for the purpose described.

No. 37,430.— J. BerostResser, of Berrysburg, Dauphin county, F&,^Improvement im
Grain Scouring Machines, — Patent dated Januarv 20^ 1863. — ^This improvement consists of a
cylindrical chamber with openings or slits in the periphery, within which a vertical shaft
revolves, having upon it a continuous spiral flange with projections on the upper side.

C/aifTi.— The shape and construction of the spiral scourer B, with its projections J, for
scouring grain, substantially as described.

No. 37,431.— Charles K. Brown, of Troy, N. Y, - Improvement in Paper Skirt Collar*,-^
Patent dated January 20, 1863.— The invention consists in strengthenixig the parts exposed
to the most strain in putting on, or in use, by the addition of a piece of muslin around the
button holes of the collar.

Claim, — ^A paper shirt collar having the parts at or around the button holes d therein made
thicker and stronger than the main portion thereof, by means of a piece or pieces c of thin
muslin or other suitable strengthening material pasted or otherwise cemented in or to the layer
or united layers of paper constituting the main portion or body of the collar, substantiallj
as here described.

No. 37, 432.— James A. Campbell, Buffalo, li(,Y,-^Improvement in Machine for Print**
ing Addressee on Newspapers, Sfc — ^Patent dated January 20, 1863. — ^This machine is.coDr
structed to be used in connexion with a common chase, over which it is supported by end
pieces and automatically advanced after each depression of the platen ; resting upon ways,
which span the chase, is a traversing bed piece with an upright, affording a pivc^ attach-
ment for a lever, which alternately aepresses and elevates a platen oa the giUda rod. Th»



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OOKMlSftKnVSR OF FsiTBRTS. 233

vpwwd motion of the kter hj mMiM of die to^le, actuates tiie wheel, wbich, mashing isfb
A rack, advances the platen to deliver another impression on an advanced point.

CUim, — First, the combination of the levers E K, bar L, wheels I J, sleeve ft, rack M,
dlls H, and a sliding bed-piece B, whereby the machine is automatically advanced after each
#aeh depression of ue platen by deviees independent (^ the chase.

(Second, the eombinatioB nith an addressing machine, Anbstantially snch as described, of
tiie sills or ways A A and cross-pieces a a, adapting the machine to fit over a coomion chase
placed upon a common table, and to be moved in a right line from end to end or from sida to
side of the said chase.

Ko. 37,493,-*Cha&l«s W. Cob, of Carmina, Shiawassee county, Michigan.— /mproo«meal
i» Drilling and 8erev>euUing Machine. — Patent dated January 20, IBO:). — ^The machine con-
ciStB of an npright drill stock, which rotates in bearings under the impulse of a bevel wheel
gearing into a pinion, which is fastened to the drill stock by a pin which allows the stock
to slip through vertically. The bevel wheel is driven by a hand crank, and has a pinion
shaft and flv-wheel to secure steadiness of motion. A screw, workin^^ in a nut in the upper
bearing ana attached to the upper end of the drill stock by a swivel joint, projects the tool
ftnd a ratchet and a pawl ; the latter actuated by a cam on the face of the bevel wheel is the
•ntomatie feed lor the drill stock. Jaws With lugs fitting into holes in the bench form a^
justable clamps for holding the plate, &«., to be operatd upon.

Claim. — The eombination of the gearing D £ U with the screw E,- ratchet M, adjustable
^wl N, shaft I, cam Q, and the moving or rising and falling jaws 8 S', all arranged for
joint operation as and for the purpose herein set forth.

Ho. 37,434.— Frankun K. Cosorote and Rudolph Wbsterbcan, of Fort Wayna,
Allen county, Indiana. — Improvement in Fences. — Patent dated January 20, 1H63.— The
fence is made in ordinary lengths of, say, five board sections, and braces are placed on each
side, which by their bill-shaped ends hook over the third board, and are keyed down on to it
b^ wedges/ e under the next higher board. The feet of the braces are secured by stakes
ttiven into the ground.

Claim, — 'The arrangement of the bill-shaped ends c of the braces B, in combination with
diamfered edges of the mortises d in the batons b b'^ and with gibs «, keys /, and anchor
stakes gy all constructed and applied in the manner and for the purpose lierein shown and
described.

Ko. 37,43S.— Ltman Derby, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement in Screw NuU.—'Ftkiefxt
dated January 20, 1863. — The invention consists in making the nut in two parts transversely
of the axis, and forming semicircular inclined planes on their matching faces of a pitch
mater than the thread of the bolt, so that after screwing them up together to the shoulder
ibe outer one may be unscrewed a little to cause the inclmed surtaces io climb one on the
other and make a jamb nut of it to hold both in position.

Claim.— Ti^he construction of a screw nut, substantially as hereinbefore described, and op*
Anting in the manner and for the purposes set forth.

Ko. 37,436.— H. W. DOPP, of Bufii&lo, N. Y,— Improvement in Apparatus for Burning
Coal Oil for Heating Purposes. — ^Patent dated January 20, 1863. — ^The burner is first brought
to a proper heat by an alcohol lamp, and then a stream of coal oil beioff turned on it is burnt
beneath a distributing plate, which in turn, communicates its heat to the tubes in which the
oil is passine, to generate the gas for continued ignition.

Clatm, — The dSstributing plate A, with solid centre a and generator B, or their equiva-
lent, so arranged that the vapor shall escape from one or more small orifices into the uacon -
^ed atmosphere, and be arrested by means of the solid part of the plate A, or its equivalent,
for the purpose of causing its combustion after it is thus arrested, sufficient heat being ob-
tained thereby to keep up continuous vaporization, substantially as described.

Also, the combination of the crank pin and the cam groove to obtain an up-and-down
motion of the graduating valve C, substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

No. 37,437.— J. B. Edoell, E. A. Alexakoer, and H. 0. Ebllog, of Qnasqueton,
Buchanan county, Iowa. — Improvement in Churns. — ^Patent dated January 20, J8i5;i. — The
chum is set upon a bench or a frame, and the dasher is suspended from the top of a vertical
shaft which passes up through a tube which ^ is fast to the bottom and occupies the central
portion of the chum.

Claim, — ^First, suspending the dasher F from the top end of a vertical shaft C, substantially
• in the manner and for the purpose hereii^ shown and described.

Second, the arrangement ot the central tube b fastened to the bottom of the tub A in com-
bination with the vertical shaft C, constracted and operating as and for the purpose herein
fpedfied.

No. 37,438.*-Pbter E. Falcoh, Cohasset, Norfolk county, Mbbs.— Improved mode of
Mains^ ^naksm FsMsisk— Patanl dated Janoary 20, 1863.— The hiventkm consisU in attach-



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334 ASMDUi BEFOBT OT TBE



iagiOjOt plMiaf in • makm Ttml a nuiber of ewfci, tengkiito d<Mni, sod Umi tf

means of an air pomp and ptpo inttrodncing air into the oaaks ao as to cause the yeseel to
jaaoend bj their oomparatiTe lerity.

Claim, — ImproTed proeess of raiaiof annken Teaaelt by means of casks or cootrivaaoes of
like character, the same consisting in arrangiag the said casks filled with wykter, on or widiin
n yessel, and with their bnnghoAes downward, as set forth, introducing an air oondnit into
the bungholes of the casks sncoessivelj, and forcing air through snch pipe and into each
•flask, ami ezpaUing the water of soch cask oat ot the bmnghMs, and with vespeot to tte
said air pipe, sabstantiaUj as specified.

No, 37,439.— THOMA0 Farksworth, of Cleveland, Ohio.— Jbrntatf CmMmtd Wiukmg^
Wringing^ amd Mangling JfiKAitie.:— Patent dated Janoaiy 90, 1663, — ^The invention £ett-
aists of a series of appliuices. The clothes are beaten between a vibrating gate, the slats of
whose lower part correspond with the intervals between cleats on the sides of the box ; tiuof
are then ran netween rollers rotating in standards, being driven by a hand crank wheel and
pinion. The ck>thAs are fed to the roUero by an endleis apron, and after wringing iail upon
a shelf table.

C/otM.— The sections A B, the beater. Fig. 5, the rollers J K, wheal K, and pinion N, in
combination with the table S and endless apron T, when aU these parts are arranged and
operated as and for Uie purpose specified.

No. 37,440. — John Faulkner, of Dansville, Livingston county, N. Y. — ImprwcmaU in
Grain Stfaraton, — ^Patent dated January 20, 1863. — The invention consists in making a siepre
of sheet metal with long square-sided apertures through it ; it is further defined to consist in
making them parallel with the courae ot the grain over them and tranavmse to the motion of
the shfudng sm)e.

C/atm.— First, a sheet*metal sieve A« with apertures a, arranged. in the manner and &r tha
purpose describod.

Second, a sheet-metal sieve with apertures a in line with the flow of the grain over it, anfl
at right angles to the movement of the shoe D of the fanning mill, in tha ananner andforthe
jwupoee desflrihad.

No. 37,441 .— F. H. FuRNiss and F. R. Myers, of Cleveland, Ohio.—improvemefK in Rati-
road Baggage CAedb.-^Patent dated January 20, 1863. — On this baggage check the neces-
sary numbers, one for each station, ore stamped and have a corresponding slot. The strap
is lastened to the end, and is brought through the plate in the slot opposite to that figure
which answers to the station for wmch the checked baggage is designed.

Claim, — ^Placing the number or names of stations on ba^gfage checks, in consecutive order,
with intermediate or corxeeponding openings or slots £ot Uie inaertinn of the strap, as andte
Ihe purpose specifiod.

No. 37,442.— Benjamin Garvey, of New York, N. Y, ^Improvement m Lamps.— Patent
dated January 20, 1863. — ^The wick tube is made of porcehuu, or other material that dues
not readily conduct heat, so as to confine the heat to the point of combustion and prevent
the conduction of heat to the reservoir. These tubes may imitate candles of wax or paraffine ;
and the wick is made with an incombustible surfaoe And an absorbent core, such as a roU of
cotton in wire gause.

C/atm.— Incombustible wicks for l^mps, formed of the materialg and in the manner jni]>-
stantially as described in the accomnanying specification.

Also, the application to lamps of tubes of glass, glaaed pottery, or other such matedal,

, which is a bad conductor of heat, and is at the same time impervious to the fuel, for tha

' purpose of protecting the wick from the cooline effects of eztenial air, and of confining tha

neat of the flame, as far as possible, to the wick, in the manner .set forth substantially in tha

accompan^g specification.

Also, wick tubes of any suitable material in imitation of candles or tapers of waZ| sper-
maceti, paraffine, 6lc^ in the manner described in the accompaiyying specification.

No. 37,443.— Valentine Harffner, of Dobbs Feny, Westchester county, N. T.— /m-
protcd Bter'Cooler, — ^Patent dated January 20, i8tf.3.-^Xhi8 invention oonaisis in a series of
metallic troughs of semicircular section, placed at a certain distance apart for the circulatia«
of air between them* Aod connected at the ends with simihir transveme troqgha ; tha jaid
troughs being traversed through their whole extent by cold-watnr p^pes.

Claim, — ^'ihe arrangement of the air spaces a between the trougtis A, when the latter ana
used in combination with cold-water pipes C, awbstantiftliy in iha manner and for the purposa
herein shown and desuibed. «

No. 87,444.— 'Peter Hahbiond, of Castleton, Blchmond county, N. T. — Ingnotement «s
Surface dmdemmrt, — ^Patent dated January 20, 1863. — ^The steam in this suri'ace condenser
is compelled to pass in a wa\7^ track between walls of corrugated sheet-iron, which ara
ahaipeued on their edgeq, and strips driven on so as to make a U^^t joint the length of tha
plate ,' the steam then entera a segmental chamber and is wttUTWitl between anoNtwrjitiTirf
corrugated plates, and so on as may be necessaiy.



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COMMI80IOWES OF FATEHTS. 235

CMm. — CombififDg ^ plates A A, or tbeir«^niTalent8, vrbich constittite the eooliof box»
fcces of the- condenser or cooler hj meaoB of stnps C C applied and clamped in their places,
•iA)6taniiallj as herein set forth.

Ko. 37,445.— WnxiAM Cleteland Hicks, of New York, N. Y. - Improvement in Drop
Preseee. — Patent dated January 20, 1863. — ^The hammer being raised bj the winding dmm,
touches the rod connected with the unshipping clutch and causes the weight tq descend ; it is
•0 proportioned that as soon as the hammer ttommences to fall, the dutch on the winding
shim is thrown in gear and beeins to tighten the lifting stcap as the blow is struck, so tbH
on the recuii of the hammer it is retained and not allowed to make a second uncertain blow.

Claim, — ^The method of unwinding the hammer belt immediately upon its reaching the
TequiSite elevation by the employment, in eombinatioh .with the ordinary windiuz drom,
shipping clutch and appurtenances, of auxiliary fijctioa rolls or drums, the whole being
•nranged to operate substantially in the manner a|id for the purposes set forth.

Also, preventing the hammer from rebounding by the meai^ and in the manner herei^-
bsfoie desciibed, or in any other manner substantially the same.

Ko. 37,446.— LiVERAS Hull, of Charlestown, Mass.— /mprove^ Machine for Cutting Caomt^
thone, tfc, into Stripe and Threads, — Patent dated January 20, 1863. — ^The caoutchouc is
stretched upon a drum or cylinder so as to be rotated against the edge of a rerolring droolar
eutter, which is mounted upon a traversing slide rest, having a motion to and from the cylia*
der to bring it into action or remove it ana determine the depth of the cut, and a feed motion
parallel to the axis of the cylinder so as to cut the whole covering of the cylinder into a con-
tinuous strip.

Ctetm. — My improved oaoutchouc-cutting machine, having its several parts oonstnicted
and arranged in manner and so as to operate substantially as described, such madiine not!
only having a single drum or cylinder to support, and a revolving knife to cut a sheet of
oaoatchouc, as explained, but having machineiT^ for traversing the rotary kniie with refer- '
«noe to the drum, and also having nmchineiy for moving such knife toward and away from
the drum, as specified.

No. 37,447.— Ben JABOK Irvino, of New York, K. Y.—Improvemeni in fi&ntss.— Patuit
dated January 20, 1863. — ^The foot being placed upon the skate and the adjustable clamps
brought up to it so as to fit the various parts they are intended to engage, the heel-piece or
eiamp is violently retracted forward by the movem^it of the tpggles on the side of the skats
so as to bring the boot firmly ag^ainst all the bearings with which it is in connexion. -

Claim. — 1* irst, actuating the clamp k t , bv means of the system of lovers m n, thoiebr
engaging it and the adjustable clamp detouie boot or shoe, when the whole are combiasd,
arranged and operated substantially as described.

Second, the combination of the especially-a^ustable heel clamp k i with the toggle levers,
ffben arranged and operated substantially as described.

Third, tl£ combination of the toe, side and heel damps, when adjustable severally and in
Tdation to each other, substantially as deeoribed.

No. 37,446.— Joel C. Jaokson, of Rochester, N. T.-^Ia^rovement in Bmmper^ tmd
Draw-head Springe for Railroad Csfs.— Patent dated January 20, 1863.— Attached to the
bumper is a draw-bar with a disk flange working in a spring box. The disk on the draw-
bar occupies the centre of the cylindrical box, ana the space at both ends is filled with elastio
material so as to resist pressure in either direction.

CYaim.— The draw-bar e, and disk «, in combination with the springs / and gy and draw*
hox 6, for the purposes and as specified.

No. 37,449. — ^Adolph Lanoe, of Glasfautte, near Dresden, Ssizoinr. — Improvemeed im
Wauk ^^es.— Patent dated January 20, 1863.— The bessel hokiing the glass is nsuali^r
attached to the case outside of the movement, but in this improvement the bead ibr the^^ass
is placed directly upon the movement itsdf.

Claim, — Attaching the bezel fur the ghiss in a hunting-case watch directly to the move-
ment, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth herdn.

No. 37,450.— VALgrriNE IjASSBRRE, of Paris, France.— /m;ifOcem«i< in /?oq/s.— Patent
dated January 20, lK)3. — ^The object is to make a tightly-fitting joint at the point where the
screw or bolt passes through the metallic roofing plate to secure it to the lath or sheathing of
the rool This is accompbshed by raising a boss or projection upon the plates, and over ttds
a cup, upon the crown of which is an orifice through which the screw is inserted. The head
of the screw, and the champcred socket in which it is inserted, are then further covered by a
screw cap.

C/oun. — The combination of the raised portion or boss, made upon tho upper or bo&
plates, the screw or bolt C, the washer B, the opening in tho side washer bemg closed at ihp
top by a cap P, or by other ];Qeans which shall answer the purpose.



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236 AITKUAL SSPOST OF THB

Ko. 37,451.— Chables Leatitt, of Olereland, Oblo.^Impr0vement in CarrUge flM.—
Patent dated Janaarj 20, 186:3. — ^Tbe improvement is in tlie manner of coverinff in and
•ecoring the bnrr on the end of the pipe or spindle, and consists pf a cap having a Uuead oa
its inner cylindrical edge which screws into the end of the axle box nntil a flange or shonlder
oomes in contact with the end of the hnb. The central portion of this metallic can has a
hole for the insertion of gprease, and when it is closed by a screw t^e end of the spinole and
the burr are securely boxed in.

Claim, — ^The cap I, shonlder T, chamber J, and hole L, when combined with the pip*
box B, all the parts being arranged and <^>erating as and for the purpose herein set lorth.

No. 37,452.— Joel Lee, of Galesbnrg, Knox county, Ill,^Improv$4 Washing and Wring'
uig Machine, — Patent dated January^2u, 1863. — In this combined machine the clothes art
&«t rnbbed between the convex rubber and the concave disk, both armed with slats or
rollers, and are then passed between wringing rollers, in which the upper one is held down
upon the lower by moans of a link and weighted lever.

Claim, — ^The combination of oscillating arms £ with the rubber B, the rollers L, the link
I, and weighted levers C, all arranged substantially as and for the purposes specilied.

No. 37,453.-0. LlEBRiCHand L. UrrriNti, of Philadelphia, V&,^Improved Belt-Fagtemer.'^
Patent dated January 20, 1863.— Two eccentric rollers are joumalled into plates, and the
surfaces more distant from their centre of rotation are serrated, the ends of a strap being
brought between the rollers, the smooth surfaces being presented, they aro rotated and bind
the ends of the strap firmly between their serrated edges.

Claim, — ^Tlie plates C and C, and eccentric rollers B and B\ each roller having a portion
of its surface grooved or serrated, and the whole being arranged for application to tLe two
ends ofia belt, as and for the purpose herein set forth.

No. 37,454.— Samuel N. Maxabi, of Shelbume Falls, Franklin county, Mass.— /iii)»fv«e.
wtmt in Sinks, — Patent dated Janiuury 20, 1863. — ^The pan upon and in which the i^pliancea
are placed has a square depression at one end, and a round one at the other, the latter fom^
ing a basin with a discharging orifice in the centre. A movable sliding grate rests upon
the bottom of the pan, and abovo this another gpratine with transverse wooden bus. A
washbowl pivoted to a yoke slides upon a rod at one end, and may be swung over the sink
or outside at. pleasure.

Claim. — ^The combination and arrangement of the top slide grate A with the transrerpa
wooden bars F, and the lower slide grate B, and the basin G, and the movable w^hbowl D.
resting in and upon the yoke £, and sliding' upon the rod G, for the purpose of a sink, and
as above set form.

No. 37,455.— G. B. McDonald, of Louisville, Ky,'~Tm9ra9emcnt in Steam BoiUBn, —
Patent dated January 20, 1663.— Passing through a stufiing box at the end of the boiler is *
rod, to the inner end of which is a brush, which, by being moved backwards and Ibrwaida
lengthways of the boiler, brashes the sediment into a mud well.



Online LibraryUnited States. Patent OfficeReport of the Commissioner of Patents for the year .. → online text (page 27 of 164)